CALGARY MUNICIPAL DISTRICT, ALBERTA GenWeb Project
CALGARY, ALBERTA HISTORY TIMELINE

 

1534 The King of France dispatched Jacques Cartier to the north Atlantic coast of the New World. Cartier calls this land Canada, a variant of the Huron word Kanata, which means "settlement".
1588 Beaver hats become fashionable and the fur trading industry begins in Canada.
1603 Samuel de Champlain arrives from France and settles at the Bay of Fundy.
1608 Champlain travels up the St. Lawrence River with a group of settlers and founds a fort called Habitation of Quebec.
1611 Henry Hudson is left to die by a mutinous crew who seizes his ship.
1615 First priests arrive at Quebec. Seven year Indian War ends.
1635 Champlain dies.
1620 Nova Scotia founded by Scottish poet William Alexander.
1629 Habitation is captured by the English Kirke brothers
1632 War with England ends and Quebec is returned to France.
1642 A group of French mystics arrive and found Montreal.
1649 The Iroquois defeat the Hurons and shut down fur trading on the St. Lawrence River.
1654-1659 Des Groseilliers and Radisson travel to the upper Great Lakes region.
1663 King Louis XIV took control of New France from the Cent-Associes, converting it from a commercial colony to a royal colony.
1667 War with the Iroquois ends.
1670 Hudson's Bay Company founded.
1673 Marquette explores the upper Mississippi.
1682 French soldiers capture several Hudson's Bay posts. LaSalle travels by boat down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.
1701 The Iroquois sign a peace treaty with New France and agree not to join any colonial wars between England and France.
1702 War of the Spanish Succession begins
1706 French pillage English Newfoundland
1709 French pillage English Newfoundland
1710 British New Englanders capture Acadia.
1713 War of the Spanish Succession ends with the Treaty of Utrecht. France cedes Newfoundland, Acadia, and Hudson's Bay area.
1717 French re-open post at Rainey Lake. The English build Fort Churchill.
1732 French open post at Lake-of-the-Woods
1739 England and Spain go to war
1740s French establish posts across southern Manitoba to the forks of the Saskatchewan River and Fort A la Corne
1744 England goes to war with France
1745 English capture the French Atlantic port of Ile Royal.
1749 Ile Royal returned to the French. Halifax, Nova Scotia is founded by the English.
1755 10,000 Acadians are ejected by the English, resettling in New Brunswick and Louisiana.
1759 Quebec City falls to the British.
1760 Montreal falls to the British.
1763 With the Treaty of Paris, New France becomes an English colony.
1776 Alexander Mackenzie founds the Northwest Company in order to trade in furs west of Hudson's Bay territory.

1787-88

David Thompson, Hudsonís Bay Company trader, winters with Indians near present-day Calgary

1789 Alexander Mackenzie discovers the Arctic Ocean.
1791 Upper Canada (Ontario) and Lower Canada (Quebec) are created.

1793-94

Alexander Mackenzie reaches Bella Coola and the Pacific Ocean. Peter Fidler spends winter with Piegan Indians near High River

1795

Fort Edmonton built

1799

Fort established at Rocky Mountain House

1800

David Thompson returns to further explore the Bow River Country

1803 England and France go to war again.
1808 Simon Fraser follows his namesake river to the Pacific Ocean.
1811 David Thompson travels the Columbia River to the Pacific.
1812 The United States tires of England capturing American merchant marines at sea and drafting them to into the English Army to fight the French. They declare war on the English and attack outposts in Upper and Lower Canada.
1814 The War of 1812 ends with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent.
1821 Northwest Company and Hudson's Bay Company merge, and retain the Hudson's Bay name.
1831 British relinquished control of local revenues to her seven colonies.
1838 Lower Canada constitution was suspended.
1850s The four Maritime Provinces and the Province of Canada were self-governed.

1840

Rev. Robert Rundle reaches Edmonton

22 Feb 1841

Rev. Robert Rundle reaches Rocky Mountain House

Sept 1845

Father PJ deSmet, a Belgian Priest, reaches the Bow River

1850s The four Maritime Provinces and the Province of Canada become self-governed.

1858

Capt. John Palliser and a survey party camp at present-day Calgary

1867 Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick sign the Constitution of 1867
1870 Rupert's Land, the Northwest Territories and Manitoba join the Federation.

1871

British Columbia joins the Dominion of Canada. Fred Kanouse builds a crude trading post at Calgary

1873 Prince Edward Island became a member of the union.

1874

Detachment of Northwest Mounted Police depart Toronto

1875

Northwest Mounted Police arrive at Bow and Elbow Rivers near present day Calgary

1880 The British contributed the Arctic Islands to the Domain of Canada in 1880.

1881

First sawmill in Western Canada built at Canmore

1882

Lake Louise discovered by outfitter and guide, Tom Wilson

1883

Canadian Pacific Railway reaches Calgary from Winnipeg

1884

Calgary forms first town council

1885

Downtown Calgary burns in a fire

1886

First hotel built in Banff at present site of Banff Springs Hotel

1881

Calgary to Edmonton branch of CPR completed

1898 Yukon Territory is carved out of the Northwest Territories.
1905 Alberta and Saskatchewan are carved out of the Northwest Territories.
1912 Manitoba is enlarged.

2-5 Sep 1912

First Calgary Stampede

1913-1914

Calgary Oil Boom

21 July 1916

Prohibition begins

1917

Father LaCombe and Rev. John McDougall die

1949 Newfoundland and Labrador relinquish British colony status and join the Dominion of Canada.
1976 Parti Quebecois calls for separation of Quebec from Canada.

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