ALABAMA SLAVERY
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ALABAMA SLAVERY: An Introduction


ALABAMA is highlighted here. Click the above map to view large U.S.A. map.

 

BRIEF HISTORY
Extensive white settlement of Alabama followed the War of 1812 and the defeat of the Creek Nation. Most of the settlers came from North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, pushed by land exhausted through the over-cultivation of cotton and drawn by the rich soil of the Tennessee Valley and the Black Belt. They brought with them slave labor and the plantation system, which were readily transplanted in Alabama. Steady demand for cotton made this product the nation's leading export during the first half of the nineteenth century and solidified the planter elite's sense of self-importance. However, by the eve of the Civil War, Alabama experienced a substantial slave-labor decline and most of the state's farmers owned few, if any, slaves.

References
1. Dr. Cox, Dwayne. A Short History of Alabama Agriculture, 1820-1945. http://www.lib.auburn.edu/archive/aghy/alag.htm

LINKS
AL Genweb: General Alabama genealogical information.
Black Families of Alabama's Black Belt: Butler, Dallas, Lowndes, Marengo, Perry, and Wilcox Co.
Doll's Genealogy Site: focus on Macon Co.
Large Slaveholders of 1860: extraction of many slaveholders in various Alabama counties
The Village: Alabama Slave Project

 




ALABAMA SLAVE WORKPLACES
Listed by County and Workplace Title Followed by Owner(s). Workplaces with unknown titles are listed as the owner's name (itallicized, first name in parenthesis).

AUTAUGA CO.

Oak Grove: Fitzpatrick

BALDWIN CO.

Ellison: Ellison
(Joseph) Silver Plantation: Silver

BARBOUR CO.

Comer: Comer

BIBB CO.

Yeager:Yeager

CARROLLTON CO.

Coal Fire

COLBERT CO.

Belmont Plantation
Cunningham Plantation
The Oaks

DALLAS CO.

Dallas Co. Links

ELMORE CO.

Herren Hill: Herren

FRANKLIN CO.

Franklin Co. Links

GREENE CO.

Bellevue
Ben Lomond
Bentwood
Boligee Hill
Briar Place
Canefeild
Chestnut Grove
Croft Place
Fair Hill
Forest Hill
Glen Alpine
Grassdale Plantation
The Grove

Hays
Hill of Hoth

Hohenlinden
Hydro Vista
Midland
Mt. Airy
Nutbush
The Round About Grove
Rose Hill
Rosemont
Sebastopol
Shady Hill
Strawberry Hill: Walton, Webb
Thornhill: Thornton
Woodland

Greene Co. Links

HALE CO.

Gracey House

JEFFERSON CO.

Belser

LAUDERDALE CO.

The Forks of Cypress

Lauderdale Co. Links

LAWRENCE CO.

Caledonia Plantation: Jones
Pond Spring: Hickman, Sherrod, Wheeler

Lawrence Co. Links

MADISON CO.

Five Oaks Plantation

MARENGO CO.

Cade
Cedar Grove: Walker
Faunsdale

Marengo Co. Links

MOBILE CO.

(Dr.) Odem's Plantation: Odem

MONROE CO.

Monroe Co. Links

MONTGOMERY CO.

Nut Hill
The Oaks: McLemore
Rose Hill
Stone Plantation: Stone

Montgomery Co. Links

PERRY CO.

Ash Grove Plantation
Cedar Lawn Plantation
Deyampert Plantation
Fairhope Plantation: Fowler
Kings Plantation: Pitts
Lodebo: Pitts
Midway Plantation
Oaklawn Plantation
Rurill/ Rural Hill: Pitts
Sugar Hill Plantation
Sunnyside Plantation
Westwood Plantation: Price

RUSSELL CO.

L.A.Cliatt Plantation

TALLADEGA CO.

Brown Plantation: Hyatt, Brown
Stockdale Station: Stockdale

WALKER CO.

Orange Davis Plantation: Davis

WILCOX CO.

Gee's Bend: Gee, Pettway
Kilpatrick Plantation

 


WHERE TO FIND ALABAMA SLAVERY RECORDS