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St. Lawrence, King and Little Diomede Islands                     

Alaska Scenery

Golovin

Located on a point between Golovin Bay and Golovinin Inlet on the Seward Peninsula, 42 miles east of Solomon, 90 miles east of Nome. Scheduled and charter service is available from Nome. Also, some travel to and from nome by snowmachine. The population of Golovin is 135. The zip code for Golovin is 99762.

Golovin is 25 feet above sea level. Marine climate prevails when the sea is ice free. Average annual precipitation is 19 inches. Average annual sonwfall is 40 inches. Average winter temperatures range between -2° and 19 °F. Average summer temperatures range between 40° and 60 °F.

An gravel airstrip is adjacent and to the north for private aircraft. It is 2,200 feet in length and is unattended. A road crosses about 300 feet from the end of the runway. No airport facilities and no public transportation to the village. Charter aircraft are based here. Moorage facilities are available.

Arts and crafts available for purchase include fur hats, some ivory and woven wool mittens.

The Eskimo village of Chinik, located at the present site of Golovin, was originally settled by the Kauweramiut Eskimo who later mixed with Unaligmiut Wskimos. Lieutenant L. A. Zagoskin of the Imperial Russian Navy, reported the village as Ikalikguigmyut in 1842. The name Golovin was derived from the name of Golovinin Lagoon which was named after Captain Vasili Mikkailovich Golovnin of the Russian Navy.

Around 1890, John Dexter established a trading post at Golovin that became the center for prospecting information for the entire Seward Peninsula. Gold was discovered in 1898 and Golovin became the supply point for the Council goldfields to the northwest.

Golovin's economy is based on subsistence food harvest, reindeer herding, fish processing and commercial fishing. Local businesses, government and construction work provide additional employment. Residents go to summer fish camps to catch salmon, whitefish, trout, grayling, pike and herring. Subsistence hunting includes seal, beluga whale, moose, ducks, geese and ptarmigan. Bird eggs and berries are gathered from the tundra.

The Iditarod Trail passes through Golovin and is used as a winter trail.

A privately owned herd of 520 reindeer used to be managed from Golovin. Buturing took place in February and June. It is not known if this is still an active herd although it was in the 1980's.

Communications in Golovin include phones, mail plane, radio and TV. The community has a Covenant church and a school with grades kindergarten through 12. There are community electricity and water systems, but no sewer system. Freight arrives in the community by cargo plane and barge.





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copyright © 2005 by Everette Carr.  All rights reserved.





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