Confederate Dames Chapter 1786

Oxford, Calhoun Co., AL

John Tyler Morgan

John Tyler Morgan (June 20, 1824 - June 11, 1907) was a general in the Confederate States Army during the War of Aggression and a postbellum six-term U. S. Senator from the state of Alabama.  He was a strong supporter of states rights and racial segregation through the Reconstruction era.  He was an expansionist, arguing for the annexation of the Kingdom of Hawaii and for U. S. construction of an interoceanic canal in South America.

Morgan was born in Athens, TN, and was initially educated by his mother.  In 1833, he moved with his parents to Calhoun County, Alabama, where he attended frontier schools and then studied law in Tuskegee with justice William Parish Chilton, his brother-in-law.  After admission to the bar he established a practice in Talladega.  Ten years later, Morgan moved to Dallas County an resumed the practice of law in Selma and Cahaba.

Turning to politics, Morgan became a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1860, and supported John C. Breckingridge.  He was delegate from Dallas to the State Convention in 1861, which passed the ordinance of secession. County

With Alabama's vote to leave the Union, at the age of 37 Morgan enlisted as a private in the Cahaba Rifles, which volunteered its services in teh Confederate Army and was assigned to the 5th Alabama Infantry.  He first saw action at the First Battle of Manassas in the summer of 1861.  Morgan rose to major and then lieutenant colonel, serving under Col. Robert E. Rodes, a future Confederate general.  Morgan resigned in 1862 and returned to Alabama, where in August he recruited a new regiment, the 51st Alabama Partisan Rangers, becoming its colonel.  He led it at the Battle of Stones River, operating in cooperation with the cavalry of Nathan Bedford Forrest.

When Rodes was promoted to major general and given a division in the Army of Northern Virginia, Morgan declined an offer to command Rodes's old brigade and instead remained in the Western Theater, leading troops at the Battle of Chickamauga.  On November 16, 1863, he was appointed as a brigadier general of cavalry and participated in the Knoxville Campaign.  His brigade consisted of the 1st, 3rd, 4th (Russell's), 9th, and 51st Alabama Cavalry regiments.

His men were routed and dispersed by Federal cavalry on January 27, 1864.  He was reassigned to a new command and fought in the Atlanta Campaign.  Subsequently, his men harassed William T. Sherman's troops during the March tot eh Sea.  Later, he was assigned to administrative duty in Demopolis, Alabama.  When the Confederacy collapsed and the war ended, Morgan was trying to organize Alabama black troops for home defense.

After the war, Morgan resumed the practicing of law in Selma, Alabama.  He was once again presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1876 and was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in that year, being re-elected in 1882, 1888, 1894, 1900, and 1906, and was serving from March 4, 1877, until his death.  For much of his tenure, he served as Senator alongside a fellow former Confederate general, Edmund W. Pettus.

He was chairman of Committee on Rules (Forty-sixth Congress), the Committee on Foreign Relations (Fifty-third Congress), the Committee on Interoceanic Canals (Fifty-sixth and Fifty-seventh Congresses), and the Committee on Public Health and National Quarantine (Fifty-ninth Congress).  In 1894, Morgan chaired an investigation in to the Hawaiian Revolution which concluded that the U. S. had remained completely neutral in the matter.  He was a strong supporter of the annexations of Hawaii and visited Hawaii in 1897 in support of annexation.  He believed the history of the U. S. clearly indicated it was unnecessary to hold a plebiscite as a condition for annexations.  He authored the controversial Morgan Report on his findings.

Senator Morgan died in Washington, D. C. while still in office.  He was buried in Live Oak Cemetery in Selma, Alabama.  The remainder of his term was served by John H. Bankhead.

"John Tyler Morgan." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 2007. Answers.com 27 May. 2007.

The Confederate Dames Chapter 1786 of Oxford, Calhoun Co., AL was chartered November 1, 1922.  The organizing President was Mrs. Estelle Gladden Orr.  They were re-chartered January 12, 2001.  The re-organizing President was Mrs. Lynda Thrower Lowery.

Chapter Motto:

 

 

Vincit Amor Patriae  "Love of country conquers all."

 

 

 

 

Chapter Colors:

 

 

Red and White

 

 

 

 

Chapter Flower:

 

 

Geranium

 

 

MEETINGS:

All meetings are held the 2nd Saturday of the months September to May at the Oxford Library, Oxford, AL at 10:00 AM unless otherwise noted.  Please contact President Linda Haynes for more information.

 

OFFICERS:

President:

 

 

Linda Williams Haynes

 

 

 

1308 Cape Road

 

 

 

Anniston, AL  36207-7104

 

 

 

256-831-7061

 

 

 

llwh46@Bellsouth.net

 

 

 

 

Vice President:

 

 

Delilah Williams Brannon

 

 

 

540 Brannon Road

Sylacauga, AL 35150
256-378-7780

Registrar:

 

 

Linda Williams Haynes

 

 

 

1308 Cape Road

 

 

 

Anniston, AL 36207-7104

 

 

 

256-831-7061

 

 

 

llwh46@Bellsouth.net

 

 

 

 

Secretary:

 

 

Annette Edgeworth Smith

 

 

 

Just2ofus@centurytel.net

 

 

 

 

Treasurer:

 

 

 Frances House Prater

 

 

 

 

Record of Crosses:

 

 

 Dawn Johnston Stevens

 

 

 

 

Historian:

 

 

 Keitha Jenkins Kirk

 

 

 

 

Chaplain:

 

  

 Leslie Haynes Griffin

 

 

 

 

Parliamentarian:

 

 

 Sandra Carnes Rains

National United Daughters of the Confederacy Headquarters

Alabama Division United Daughters of the Confederacy

Keitha Jenkins Kirk
Newsletter and Public Relations, Committee Chairman
Email me with any problems with this webpage.

"The name 'United Daughters of the Confederacy' is a registered trademark of the General Organization and may not be used outside the Organization without the express written consent of the United Daughters of the Confederacy.  The official UDC insignia is a registered trademark of the General Organization and may not be used without the express written consent of the President General."

DISCLAIMER:  The presence of links to outside Web sites does not imply endorsement, approval, or concurrence ty the United Daughters of the Confederacy on any level.

The use of the Alabama Centennial log is used with permission from the Alabama Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy.

The use of the picture of John Tyler Morgan is used with the written permission of the Alabama Department of Archives and History.

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Confederate Dames Chapter 1786 -- Monday, 01-Sep-2008 07:48:39 MDT