Fayette County, Alabama
~ 1860 Slave Schedules ~
The slave censuses were taken for purposes of representation — the
Southern states could claim three-fifths of their slave populations in
determining Congressional apportionment. Slaves were counted by
rather than name and differentiated according to age, sex and
color. In 1860, the government recognized only three
classifications of race: White, Black and Mulatto. The latter
technically referred to a person with mixed Anglo and Negro ancestry,
physical appearance often overruled genetics. Anyone who was not
perceivably White or Black was deemed Mulatto.
In 1860, slaves who had reached the age of 100 years were allowed
special recognition on the census. They could be listed by name,
and a short biographical sketch could be included. Slaveholders
also had to report the number of slave houses on the property.
Slaves were enumerated at the same time but on a different form
(schedule) than the "free" population. Therefore, householders
and slaveholders were recorded generally
in the same order on both
censuses. This is important for researchers because enumerators
sometimes spelled names differently (e.g., Reynolds vs. Runnels,
Robertson vs. Robinson, etc.) as they switched between forms. An
accurate identification often can be made simply by
comparing the two schedules and the order in which the individuals
appear. The amount of personal property recorded by householders
on the "free" schedule also can provide clues. Those who owned
slaves tended to report considerably
more wealth than those who did not. A
head-of-household index for the 1860 U.S. census is available here.
The 1860 Fayette County Slave Schedules were graciously transcribed by Judy Myrick Miller. The page
numbers below reflect the order that they appear in the original
records. Corresponding page numbers where slaveholders can be
found on the U.S. census are included with each listing.
Corrections are always welcomed.
Submit your information or link here
Return to Fayette County Census Records
Return to Fayette
(Slave Roll 29, Book 1)
Inhabitants in the County of Fayette,
State of Alabama
This page last updated 21 Mar