Census Information for Montgomery Co., Arkansas

Mortality schedules predate vital records. Recorded are persons who died within twelve months preceding the taking of the census.

Montgomery County ArkansasGenWeb Project

The first federal census for the Arkansas Territory was in 1830 and included the entire state. Microfilm roll # 5, series M19. Arkansas was admitted to the Union in 1836 so the Fifth United States 1840 Federal Census was the first after Arkansas became a State. Hot Spring County was divided into six townships. In December 1842 Montgomery Co. was formed from Hot Spring County townships: Sulphur Springs, Mountain and Caddo Cove so to find someone living in the area pre formation of county check the Hot Spring County Federal Census 1840. 

Federal Census Year Townships Mortality  Schedule Index
1830  Hot Springs Co. AR Index
1840 Hot Spring Co.  Caddo Cove  Sulphur Springs, Mountain     Index  
1850  another site CaddoGap, Mountain, Polk, Sulpher Springs 1850  Index
surnames
1860    1860 slave 1860 head of household
1870 Big Fork Caddo, Gap, Merzion, Mountain, Polk, South Fork, Sulphur Springs 1870  index and images online
1880 Soundex search   free search  off site 1880   

1890 census destroyed, a few exceptions

Try spelling variations 1890 OK Territory

1900 images Soundex                               off site

N/A Index very useful
1910    N/A   
1920  off site N/A   
1930 Soundex info  images online N/A Index very useful
1940      
  • Montgomery Co. township map As the population grew census districts changed. The last change was in 1917. Townships maps can also be found in:
  • Abstract of 1920 Federal census Montgomery County, Arkansas
    distributed by Montgomery County Historical Society, 1994

    Arkansas Township Atlas A History of the Minor Civil Divisions and each Arkansas County. Arkansas Genealogical Society P.O. Box 908, Hot Springs, AR 71902-0908  1987 revised edition

    Pike County, AR township map
    Polk County, AR township map
    Scott County, AR township maps

    2010 Montgomery County


    2010 Montgomery County Township Map

    You will see familiar family names and civil townships listed in both Montgomery and Garland counties. In 1880 census there was a Mountain Twp in Garland Co.  just right up against Mountain Twp, Montgomery Co. The boundary was changed in 1917 giving the Montgomery Co.  small square cut into Garland to Garland Co.  Watch out for Mountain Twp in Polk Co. as well.

    The needs Census Project volunteers. M# is the series, followed by roll#

  • Copies can be borrowed through any LDS Family History Center or interlibrary loan. Soundexs for Arkansas are on microfilm: 1880, 1900, 1910 & 1920.  Note: The 1880 soundex for Arkansas only includes households with children 10 years of age or under. Arkansas census indexes to 1870 are available in book form at major genealogical libraries.
  • 1890 census was destroyed. 1890 Census "Reconstruction"  for Garland and Montgomery counties, Arkansas / compiled by Inez Halsell Cline, Bobbie Jones McLane, Wendy Bradley Richter. Records used: 1887 City Directory, 1888 Ark. Gazetteer and Business Directory, 1892 Voters List, Marriage and tombstone records 1887 through 1892. Includes 1890 tax receipt book for Montgomery Co.
  • Index to Fifth United Census of Arkansas. 1840.  Indexed by Bobbie Jones McLane and Inez Halsell Cline of Hot Springs, AR.  1963. Reprinted 1967 Arrow Printing Co, Fort Worth, TX.  Note: Montgomery County was created 9 Dec. 1842 from Hot Spring Co. Progeny county Garland 1873. The 1840 census was the first Federal Census taken after Arkansas was admitted to the Union on June 15, 1836.
  • Arkansas 1850 Census Every name index by Bobbie Jones McLane and Desmond Walls Allan.  Arkansas Research, Conway, AR 1995 ISBN 1-56546-0634. Includes maps for Arkansas 1850 and 1995.
  • Arkansas 1860 United States Census Index by Katherine Rose Bonner. 1984. Includes map of Arkansas 1860 with population figures for each county.
  • SK Publications has a map showing the 1850 Arkansas county boundaries and the 1850 census in book form is actual photocopies of the census records, not transcriptions. Each book is indexed.
  • Montgomery County Population Summary
    Census quick facts

    Year Montgomery Co. Arkansas Year Montgomery Co.
    1810   1,062 1920 11,112
    1820   14,273 1930 10,768
    1830   30,388 1940   8,876
    1840   97,574 1950 6,680
    1850 1,958 209,897 1960 5,295
    1860 3,633 435,450 1970 5, 821
    1870 2,984 484,471 1980 7,771
    1880 5,729 802,525 1990 7,841
    1890 7,923 1,331,564 1998 8,655
    1900   9,444 1,331,564 1996 8,448
    1910 12,455 1,574,449  2000   9,245

    1850 to 1860 the population  of Montgomery County nearly doubled
    1860 to 1870 a decrease in Montgomery County due to the Civil War
    1870 to 1880 nearly doubled again for the reason that there was a considerable mining population Timeline

    In 1940 77.8% of the population was in rural area.
    In 1950 67.6% of the State's population was in rural area

    The U.S. Census -- 1990 to 2000
    Unit          1990      2000   %
    State    2,350,624 	2,673,400 +13.7
    
    Selected Counties
    
    Clark          21,437 23,546  9.8
    Howard         13,569 14,300  5.4
    Hot Springs    26,115 30,353 16.2
    Garland        73,397 88,068 20.0
    Montgomery      7,666  9,245 17.9
    Pike           10,086 11,303 12.1
    Polk           17,347 20,229 16.6
    
    Selected Towns
    
    Amity          526   762 44.9
    Antoine        160   156 -2.5
    Black Springs   97   114 17.5
    Daisy          122   118 -3.3
    Delight        311   311  0
    Dierks       1,263 1,230 -2.6
    Glenwood     1,354 1,751 29.3
    Mena         5,475 5,637  3.0
    Mt Ida         775   981 26.6
    Murfreesboro 1,542 1,764 14.4
    Norman         382   423 10.7
    Oden           126   220 74.5

    Population by Township 1870-1900
    Mortality stats

    Township 	   1870		1880	  1890		1900	   1910		1920	 1930 		1940	  1950		1960	  1970		1980	  1990
    Bear                -           -          250         152         144          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -
    Big Fork            206         288        474         313         321         372         271         210         154         142         114         151         133
    Caddo               234         625        746         671         767         613         381         334         207         166         188         329         292
    Caney               -           -          730         859         906         770         643         583         438         338         391         464         527
    Cedar Glades        -           -           -          336         374          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -
    Center              -          346         451         581         585         391         365         352         230         134         244         647         817
    Crystal             -          179         112         139          65          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -
    Fir                 -           -           -           -          555         459         407         176          80          22          -           -           -
    Gap                528         941         850         857         909       1,018         912         756         507         438         415         570         525
    Gaston              -           -           -           -          113         264         103         101          61          30          -           -           -
    Hazel               -           -           -           -           -          217         119         141          94         110          -           -           -
    Lawrence            -           -           -           -           -           -          264         264         129          93          -           -           -
    Leverney            -           -          387         460         593         589         539         381         246         103         188         186         249
    Mazarn              -          686         332         476         372         654         368         400         249         138         149         143         171
    Missouri            -          170         176         207         157         139         112         116         109          57          -           -           -
    Mountain           509         632         694         551         669          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -
    Ouachita            -           -          418         504         631         686         560         478         327         260         278         448         461
    Parks               -           -          198         228         312         352         304         266         189         121         115         267         279
    Pencil Bluff        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -          254         193         314         323
    Polk               304         503         834         894       1,153       1,012         962         895         839         365         418         749         710
    Rock Springs        -           -           -           -          123         105          33          14          31          -           -           -           -
    Scott               -           -           -          182         200         237         137         113          54          50          -           -           -
    Smith               -           -           -          354         460         567         301         287         145         119          -           -           -
    South Fork         624         850         712         856         843         743       1,834       1,031       1,155       1,221       1,380       1,843       1,853
    Sulphur            192         509         559         824         844         640         704         549         412         274         312         407         350
    Walnut              -           -           -           -          521         511         475         345         175         228         224         381         463
    Womble              -           -           -           -          838         773         974       1,084         849         707         766         872         688
    
    Population by town
    Black Springs 				 -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -  72          92          97
    Mauldin 		                                         -       -       -         896      -       -        -       -       -       -
    Mount Ida     	 -       -       -       -       -       -       -   - 		298	   512         490	   566        564          819       1,023	   775
    Norman (Womble) 	  -       -       -       -       -        552        - 420        478         512         401 	      482          505         539   	   382
    Oden     				     -       -       -       -       -       -       -         102         133         90 	   141	       186         126
    
    Montgomery  Co.  2,984       5,729       7,923       9,444      12,455        11,112    10,768       8,876        6,680     5,370        5,821        7,771      7,841
    

    Pay particular attention to the actual day the census was taken, listed at the top of  page, may narrow down birth date to within a few months

    Incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, incorrect information can be found on the census, census indexes and transcribed publications due to people who refused to answer the enumerators questions, lied in answer to the enumerators questions, were missed by the enumerators and human error in writing down the information incorrectly and the flamboyant handwriting, created limitations with federal census and indexes and census transcriptions. Don't believe everything you read. e.g. On the 1900 Federal Census Center Twp broken link Montgomery Co. AR family 112, Della Sheffield daughter, should read Dillard Sheffield son.

    Census day usually around 1 June, 1830 to 1900, 15 April 1910, 1 January 1920 and 1 April 1930.

    2000 Census Mt Ida, Arkansas
    						# 	% 	US
    Total population 				981
    Average family size 				2.74 	3.14
    Total housing units 				471 
    Occupied housing units 				412 	87.5 	91.0%
    Owner-occupied housing units 			283 	68.7 	66.2%
    Renter-occupied housing units 			129 	31.3 	33.8%
    Vacant housing units 				 59 	12.5 	9.0%
    Population 25 years and over 			717 
    High school graduate or higher 			450 	62.8 	80.4%
    Bachelor's degree or higher 			 74 	10.3 	24.4%
    In labor force (population 16 years and over) 	361 	45.2 	63.9%
    Mean travel time to work in minutes 		20.1 
    Median household income in 1999 (dollars) 	21,438 
    Median family income in 1999 (dollars) 		30,714
    Families below poverty level 			 46 	18.9 	9.2%
    Individuals below poverty level 		206 	23.4
    Single-family owner-occupied homes 		225 
    Median value (dollars) 				53,900

    Often neighbors would migrate together, settle near each other in the new communities and be related by marriage. Isolating a record from its context decreases its potential value to a researcher. In census records, the names, birthplaces, and other information about people living near a family of interest often yield important clues about relationships and migration patterns.


    The Census Taker's Home!
    (from the Sunday Afternoon Rocking series)

    "Well, I'm surely glad to be home, that I am.  I tell you another day like this one and I am good mind just to fill them papers out on memory and be done with it.  Here, put these socks over there next to the fire to dry out, will you?  Got down yonder this mornin and everyone in Household 451 through 486 was gone.   Some big shindig going on down there. Good thing the folks in 441 could tell me who they all was.  Here, reckon you could go over some of the writin on this here page?   Got smeared a bit in the rain.  I think you can cipher most of it out.
     
    Then them folks down in the holler got suspicious over a census.  Said, and derned if they had a point, what difference did it make who they was? Was them guvment folks up in Warshington going to come down here to say howdy do?  So they finally let me write down they last name and first initial, but I think they wuz havin a bit of fun with me when they listed who lived in the house.  Saw some winkin goin on and I believe I got the same house a youngins in two or three places.  It been a day, woman.  Honey, git that paper out of Johnny's mouth, will ya?  I worked all day on that thing, and no call to let him go chewin it up.
     
    Went up the river a piece and tried to get that done fore it come a downpour, but run into trouble there too. Ole Man Jenkins curr dog run me off and I tell you, ain't no call to get eat up over such a thing as this.  They ort to be a limit what a man does for his country.  Was lucky man down the road mostly knew Jenkins was nigh on sixty years old and was living there with his woman and five youngins from his first marriage plus a passel from the second. We give em good Christian names. Best be doin something bout this pen.  It give out on me halfway through. See you havin trouble too.  Johnny!  Hand that here, boy!
     
    And I tell you I would ruther fight grandpap's British than mess with that feller out on the ridge.  He got out his shotgun soon as he seen me comin and I went t'other direction.  Had Jones tell me about him instead, and he didn't rightly know the feller's first name. Said they called him "Squirrel", and it was ok just to put that cause wasn't nobody around  here claimin him no how, and they for sure didn't want the guvment knowin  there was any relationship.  That coffee done?
     
    Then got over to Smiths, and ole Hoss was in a nervous fit so wasn't no getting information there.  His woman havin another youngin and he looked like he could run right through me when I went to askin how many youngins he had now. Hightailed it out of there, and Miz Hart helped me straighten that household out. Think we got most of the names straight, and as he  has had a youngin a year for the last ten, ages purty close too. Now look what Johnny went and done!
     
     I tell you, next time this come around I ain't gonna be no where in  sight.  Farmin a heap easier, and I figger there folks round here what can read and write and cipher and ain't no good fer nothing else we can spare for this foolishness." 

    || The Census Taker || Popular Names ||

    "I am a census taker for the City of Bufflow. Our city has groan very fast in resent years and now in 1865, it has becum a hard and time consoming job to count all the peephill. There is not many that can do this work, as it is necessarie to have an educashun, wich a lot of person still do not have. Ahnuther atribert needed for this job is good spelling for many of the peephill to be cunted can harle speak Inglish, let alon spel there names."


    A census taker approaches a house and asks the woman who answers the door, "How many children do you have, and what are their ages?"
    Woman: "I have three children, the product of their ages are 36, the sum of their ages are equal to the address of the house next door."
    The census taker walks next door, comes back and says, "I need more information."
    The woman replies, "I have to go, my oldest child is sleeping upstairs."
    Census taker: "Thank you, I have everything I need."
    Question: What are the ages of each of the three children?

    The Reason the census taker could not figure out the children's ages is because, even with knowing the number on the house next door there were still two possibilities. The only way that the product could be 36 and still leave two possibilities is if the sum equals 13. These possibilities being 9+2+2 and 6+6+1. When the home owner stated that her "Oldest" child is sleeping she was giving this census taker the fact that there is an "oldest." The children's ages are 9,2, &2.