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Chicot County

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October 25, 1823

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    Chicot County is Arkansas's tenth county, formed on October 25, 1823, and named after Point Chicot on the Mississippi River. Landmarks around the county include Lake Chicot, North America's largest oxbow lake and Arkansas's largest natural lake; the site of Charles Lindbergh's first night-time flight; and the legendary burial site of Hernando De Soto, near Lake Village.
    During the Civil War, three companies of Confederate soldiers were raised in the county: the Chicot Rangers, the Chicot Guards, and the Chicot Rebels. Most went off to fight in other areas, as the only major skirmish in the area was the Engagement at Old River Lake (a.k.a. Engagement at Ditch Bayou). This was the last engagement fought in Arkansas.
    Chicot County had a number of important ports on the lower portion of the Mississippi River. One of these was Gaines Landing, named for Ben P. Gaines, R. M. Gaines, and William H. Gaines, who had settled the area. This was one of the chief ports on the lower Mississippi from 1830 to 1880. Another important landing was on Grand Lake near Eudora. This landing served as a docking point for a number of riverboats in the years leading up to the Civil War.
    During World War II, two of the ten internment camps in the nation for Japanese Americans were located in southeast Arkansas, and one of these was located in Chicot County. The Jerome Relocation Center was located in the small community of Jerome near Dermott. The camp was in operation from October 1942 through June 1944 and, at its height, had a population of 8,497 residents of Japanese descent.


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Arkansas Dept of Health

Arkansas Dept of Health
Division of Vital Records, Slot 44
4815 West Markham Street
Little Rock, AR 72205
(501) 661-2174
Fax: (501) 663-2832
  • Vital Records is responsible for the collection and issuance of birth and death certificates and marriage and divorce coupons.
  • Birth and death certificates serve two purposes. They are the definitive legal documents of identity and they collect important medical information about the two most important events – birth and death.
  • Marriage and divorce coupons are so called because they are removed from the bottom of marriage and divorce certificates, the original of which is retained in the offices of the county clerk of courts; these coupons contain limited information.

Arkansas State Archives

Arkansas History Commission
One Capitol Mall
Little Rock, AR 72201
The History Commission, the official state archives, is a facility in which those interested in Arkansas history may engage in research. The staff does not undertake research requests from the public. The Research Room is open from 8:00 A.M. to 4:30 P.M., Monday through Saturday. It is closed on state holidays. If you are traveling long distances, please call to confirm hours/days of operation at 501.682.6900.

Arkansas Genealogical Society

  • The purpose of the society is to promote family history research, to educate persons in genealogical research methods and the use of historical records, to publish articles pertaining to Arkansas ancestors, and to preserve and make accessible historical, genealogical, and biographical sources pertaining to Arkansas.
  • AGS has contributed to the genealogical collection of books and other materials at the Arkansas History Commission and State Archives, the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, and at other libraries and archives with genealogical collections. Books sent to AGS to be reviewed in The Arkansas Family Historian are always donated to a library that does not possess a copy. AGS sometimes purchases and donates special resources, such as the films of the Draper Manuscripts at the Arkansas History Commission.
Court Clerk
108 Main St.
Lake Village, AR 71653
Phone (870)265-8010
Fax (870)265-8012
County Clerk
108 Main St.
Lake Village, AR 71653
Phone (870)265-8000
Fax (870)265-8006

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Adjacent Counties

Desha County | Ashley County | Drew County
Washington County, Mississippi | Issaquena County, Mississippi
East Carroll Parish, Louisiana | West Carroll Parish, Louisiana

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