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Grant County

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February 4, 1869

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    Grant County was formed on February 4, 1869, and named for Ulysses S. Grant, president of the United States. Present-day Grant County was, following the Civil War, part of Hot Spring, Saline, and Jefferson counties. Because some trips to the courthouses of these counties could involve a two-day trip, state representative John W. Harrison and state senator Enoch H. Vance Sr. put forward a bill to create a centrally located county in the area. Governor Powell Clayton signed a bill creating Grant County on February 4, 1869. The first county courthouse was built in 1870. On March 13, 1877, it burned, along with all the county records. The second courthouse was completed in 1880. The third courthouse for the county was constructed in 1909 in a late Victorian style and included a tower containing the county's first public clock. Minnie B. Clark served as the first woman sheriff of Grant County from 1937 to 1938.
    One typical early white settler was Richard D. Rhodes, who somehow obtained certificates intended for Choctaw settlement and claimed 320 acres of land in 1857 and another 320 acres in 1858.
    Almost 150 troops died in April 1864 in the Engagement at Jenkins' Ferry fifteen miles from Sheridan, which ended in a Union victory. The site is now a state park. After the war, jayhawkers, bushwhackers, and guerrillas overran the area. The guerrillas were out for themselves and roamed the countryside, killing and taking revenge.


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Arkansas Dept of Health

Arkansas Dept of Health
Division of Vital Records, Slot 44
4815 West Markham Street
Little Rock, AR 72205
(501) 661-2174
Fax: (501) 663-2832
  • Vital Records is responsible for the collection and issuance of birth and death certificates and marriage and divorce coupons.
  • Birth and death certificates serve two purposes. They are the definitive legal documents of identity and they collect important medical information about the two most important events – birth and death.
  • Marriage and divorce coupons are so called because they are removed from the bottom of marriage and divorce certificates, the original of which is retained in the offices of the county clerk of courts; these coupons contain limited information.

Arkansas State Archives

Arkansas History Commission
One Capitol Mall
Little Rock, AR 72201
The History Commission, the official state archives, is a facility in which those interested in Arkansas history may engage in research. The staff does not undertake research requests from the public. The Research Room is open from 8:00 A.M. to 4:30 P.M., Monday through Saturday. It is closed on state holidays. If you are traveling long distances, please call to confirm hours/days of operation at 501.682.6900.

Arkansas Genealogical Society

  • The purpose of the society is to promote family history research, to educate persons in genealogical research methods and the use of historical records, to publish articles pertaining to Arkansas ancestors, and to preserve and make accessible historical, genealogical, and biographical sources pertaining to Arkansas.
  • AGS has contributed to the genealogical collection of books and other materials at the Arkansas History Commission and State Archives, the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, and at other libraries and archives with genealogical collections. Books sent to AGS to be reviewed in The Arkansas Family Historian are always donated to a library that does not possess a copy. AGS sometimes purchases and donates special resources, such as the films of the Draper Manuscripts at the Arkansas History Commission.
Circuit and County Clerk
101 West Center St., Room 106
Sheridan, AR 72150
Phone (870)942-2631
Fax (870)942-3564
Grant County Museum
D.J. Wallace, Director
521 Shackleford
Sheridan, AR 72150

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Adjacent Counties

Saline County | Pulaski County | Jefferson County | Cleveland County
Dallas County | Hot Spring County

Last Updated, Thursday, 28-Mar-2013 09:08:57 MDT
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