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Jackson County

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November 5, 1829

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    Jackson County is Arkansas's 23rd county, formed on November 5, 1829, and named for Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States, who was president by the time Arkansas was admitted to the Union. Because no towns existed in Jackson County, the first county seat was at the house of early pioneer Thomas Wideman, the house being about centrally located in the county. In 1832, it was moved two miles to Litchfield, the first permanent settlement organized in the county. It was named for David Litchfield, former member of the General Assembly from Independence County. In 1839, the county seat moved to Elizabeth. In 1852, the Jackson County seat was moved from Elizabeth to Augusta. Elizabeth had the misfortune of being in the wrong area near the White River. Old Elizabeth, as it was later known, was taken by the river in later years. The county seat was moved to Jacksonport in 1853, just one year after it had been located at Augusta. In 1891, Newport waged a successful effort to have the county seat moved from Jacksonport.
    The small community of Olyphant was the scene of one of the last train robberies in Arkansas. Eight men hijacked Iron Mountain passenger train No. 51 on November 3, 1893, and robbed its passengers. Conductor W. P. McNally died in a volley of gunfire. After being captured, the robbers were found guilty, and three were sentenced to hang in 1894—the only known multiple execution in Jackson County.


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Arkansas Dept of Health

Arkansas Dept of Health
Division of Vital Records, Slot 44
4815 West Markham Street
Little Rock, AR 72205
(501) 661-2174
Fax: (501) 663-2832
  • Vital Records is responsible for the collection and issuance of birth and death certificates and marriage and divorce coupons.
  • Birth and death certificates serve two purposes. They are the definitive legal documents of identity and they collect important medical information about the two most important events – birth and death.
  • Marriage and divorce coupons are so called because they are removed from the bottom of marriage and divorce certificates, the original of which is retained in the offices of the county clerk of courts; these coupons contain limited information.

Arkansas State Archives

Arkansas History Commission
One Capitol Mall
Little Rock, AR 72201
The History Commission, the official state archives, is a facility in which those interested in Arkansas history may engage in research. The staff does not undertake research requests from the public. The Research Room is open from 8:00 A.M. to 4:30 P.M., Monday through Saturday. It is closed on state holidays. If you are traveling long distances, please call to confirm hours/days of operation at 501.682.6900.

Arkansas Genealogical Society

  • The purpose of the society is to promote family history research, to educate persons in genealogical research methods and the use of historical records, to publish articles pertaining to Arkansas ancestors, and to preserve and make accessible historical, genealogical, and biographical sources pertaining to Arkansas.
  • AGS has contributed to the genealogical collection of books and other materials at the Arkansas History Commission and State Archives, the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, and at other libraries and archives with genealogical collections. Books sent to AGS to be reviewed in The Arkansas Family Historian are always donated to a library that does not possess a copy. AGS sometimes purchases and donates special resources, such as the films of the Draper Manuscripts at the Arkansas History Commission.
Circuit Clerk
208 Main St.
Newport, AR 72112
Phone (870)523-7423
County Clerk
208 Main St.
Newport, AR 72112
Phone (870)523-7420
Fax (870)523-7406
Jackson County Historical Society
P.O. Box 711
Newport, AR 72112

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Adjacent Counties

Lawrence County | Craighead County | Poinsett County | Cross County
Woodruff County | White County | Independence County

Last Updated, Thursday, 28-Mar-2013 09:08:59 MDT
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