1st Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry
The 1st Arkansas Infantry was organized at Fayetteville, Arkansas and mustered into Federal service on March 25, 1863. Initially the regiment was attached to the Army of the Frontier, under Brigadier General John Schofield. They saw minor action in the area of Fayetteville, and later near Perryville, Arkansas, had minor skirmishes with Confederate forces under the command of Brigadier General William Lewis Cabell. They were then assigned scout duty in an area that included Mount Ida, Arkansas down to Caddo Gap, Arkansas. They were never engaged in any major combat actions, but took part in numerous skirmishes with Arkansas based Confederate forces. The regiment was mustered out on August 10, 1865.
1st Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry (African Descent)
1st Battalion Arkansas Volunteer Infantry
2nd Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry
2nd Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry (African Descent)
3rd Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry
3rd Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry (African Descent)
4th Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry
4th Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry (African Descent)
5th Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry (African Descent)
6th Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry (African Descent)
1st Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Cavalry
The 1st Arkansas Cavalry was formed in Springfield, Missouri in July, 1862. They immediately returned to Arkansas due to roaming bands of Confederate guerrillas that were harassing Union sympathizers, seeing brief skirmishes in that realm. Following the Battle of Pea Ridge, Union forces briefly occupied parts of Northern Arkansas, but following the Union forces moving their headquarters to Independence County, Arkansas, many Union supporting families were once again left exposed, leading many of them to move north to Missouri.
The 1st Arkansas Union Cavalry's first combat action in battle was during the Battle of Prairie Grove, on December 7, 1862. They performed very poorly in this battle. A sudden Confederate surging attack during that battle had sent two regiments of Missouri cavalry fleeing through the ranks of the 1st Arkansas Cavalry, and with hundreds of their Union comrades fleeing, the 1st Arkansas Cavalry also fled. In the ensuing panic, several hundred Missouri and Arkansas troops streamed to the rear. Following this embarrassing performance, the regiment was assigned to garrison duty in Fayetteville, Arkansas.
Confederate forces under the command of Brigadier General William Lewis Cabell attacked that garrison on April 18, 1863. Both the attacking forces and the defending forces were made up entirely of Arkansas regiments. After a three hour battle, and unable to break the Union lines, the Confederates retreated. This action was a great boost to the morale of the 1st Arkansas Union Cavalry. For the remainder of the war the regiment would serve as a counter-guerrilla force, and as escort for wagon supply trains. They were mustered out of service in August, 1865. During their service, their casualties were extremely light compared to many other units. Of the 1,765 men that served in the regiment, they'd suffered 110 killed, with another 235 dying from either disease or accident.
2nd Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Cavalry
The 2nd Arkansas Cavalry was organized at Helena, Arkansas and Pilot Knob, Missouri and mustered into Federal service in July, 1862. The regiment was mustered out August 20, 1865.
3rd Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Cavalry
4th Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Cavalry
1st Battery, Arkansas Light Artillery
1st Battery, Arkansas Light Artillery (African Descent)