OCCUPATIONS
Occupations have changed over the years, huh?
These were compiled from various Rootsweb mail lists, my own research, etc.
If you have some to add occupations or descriptions to add,
, please email me <nana321@tatumtel.net>
OCCUPATION & DESCRIPTION
Accomptant--Accountant
Almoner--Official dispenser of gifts, alms, charity, etc.
Amanuensis--One who takes dictation; A Secretary or stenographer
Artificer--One who constructs will skill; a skilled mechanic; an inventor
Bailie--A Sheriff's deputy; Bailiff
Baxter--Baker
Bluestocking--Female writer; A literary woman
Boniface--Keeper of an inn
Brazier--A worker in brass; One who works with brass
Brewster--Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith--Metal Worker
Burgomaster--A Dutch, Flemish, or German mayor
Caulker--One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oak-hem fiber)
Chaisemaker--Makes carriages
Chandler--A trader; Dealer; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries; A shopkeeper
Chiffonnier--A wig maker
Clark--Clerk
Clerk--Member of the clergy; cleric
Clicker--The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the
compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.
Cohen--Priest
Collier--A coal miner
Colporteur--Peddler of books
Cooper--One who makes or repairs casks, barrels, vessels made of staves
Cordwainer--Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain
Costermonger--A street peddler of fruits, vegetables, etc.
Crocker--Potter
Crowner--A public officer who's principle duty is investigation of the cause of deaths that are not clearly cused form natural causes; Coroner
Currier--One who dresses the coat of a horse with a
currycomb; one who tanned leather with oil or grease
Docker/Docker Stevedore--one who loads and unloads cargo; Dock Worker; Stevedore
Dowser--One who searches for water using a rod or witching stick
Draper--A dealer in cloth or dry goods
Drayman--One who drives a long, strong cart with removable sides for carrying heavy loads
Dresser--A surgical assistant
Drover--One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle
Duffer--Peddler
Factor/Factor Agent--one who transacts business for another; Scottish steward of an estate; commission merchant
Farrier--A blacksmith, one who shoes horses
Faulkner--Falconer
Fell Monger--One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making
Fletcher--One who made bows and arrows
Fuller--One who fulls cloth;one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth
Gaoler--A jailer
Glazier--One who fits windows, doors with panes of glass
Hacker--Maker of hoes, axes, or other tools for chopping/hacking
Hatcheler--One who combed out or corded flax
Haymonger--Dealer in hay
Hayward--Keeper of fences
Higgler--A peddler that goes place to place
Hillier--Roof tiler
Hind--A farm laborer
Holster--A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn
Hooker--Reaper
Hooper--Cooper; One who makes or mends casks and barrels
Huckster--A peddler of wares, especially fruits & vegetables
Husbandman--A farmer who cultivated the land
Jagger--Fish peddler
Journeyman--One who has completed his apprenticeship in a skilled trade and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day
Joyner/Joiner--A carpenter
Keeler--Bargeman
Kempster--Wool comber
Lardner--Keeper of the cupboard
Lavender--Washer woman
Lederer--Leather maker
Leech--A physician
Longshoreman--One employed on the waterfront to load & unload vessels; Stevedore
Lormer--Maker of horse gear
Malender--Farmer
Maltster--A maker of or dealer of malts; Brewer
Manciple--A steward
Mason--One skilled in buildomg with stone, brick, concrete, etc.; A stone cutter; Bricklayer
Mintmaster--One who issued local currency
Monger--A dealer or trader--Seller of goods (ale, fish)
Muleskinner--One who drives mules; Teamster
Neatherder--Herds cows
Ordinary Keeper--Innkeeper
Pattern Maker--A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end
Peregrinator--A wanderer
Peruker--A wig maker (mostly for men)
Pettifogger--An inferior lawyer, especially one dealing with insignificant cases; One who quibbles or fusses over trivalities
Pigman--Crockery dealer
Plumber--One who applies sheet lead for roofing and sets frames for plain or stained glass windows.
Porter--One who carries luggage for hire at a railroad station; Door keeper
Puddler--Converts molten pig iron into wrought iron; Wrought iron worker
Quarrier--Quarry/stone worker
Rigger--One who fits the rigging of ships; Hoist tackle worker
Ripper--One who sells fish
Roper--Makes rope or nets
Saddler--One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses
Sawbones--A surgeon; Physician
Sawyer--One who saws; carpenter; A sawmill worker
Schumacker--Shoemaker
Scribler--A worthless or minor author
Scrivener--One who prepares deeds, contracts, & other writings; notary public; A clerk; Scribe
Scrutiner--Election judge
Shrieve--Sheriff
Slater--Roofer
Slopseller--Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
Snobscat/Snob--One who repaired shoes
Sorter--Tailor
Spinster--A woman who has reamined unmarried; A woman who spins
Spurrer--Maker of spurs
Squire--Country gentleman; Farm owner; Justice of peace
Stuff Gown/Gownsman--Junior barrister
Supercargo--An officer on merchant ship who is in charge of the cargo & the sale & purchase ot cargo; One who deals with the commercial concerns of the ship.
Tanner--One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
Tapley--One who puts the tap in an ale barrel
Tasker--Reaper
Teamster--One who drives or owns a team for hauling
Thatcher--A roofer
Tide Waiter--Enforces customs regulations; Customs inspector
Tinker--A wandering seller & repariman of tin utensils such as pots & pans
Tipstaff--Policeman
Travers--Toll bridge collection
Tucker--One whos cleans cloth goods
Turner--A person who turns wood with a lathe
Victualer--A tavern keeper, or one who provides with food
Vulcan--Blacksmith
Wagoner--One whose business is driving wagons; Teamster not for hire
Wainwright--A maker of wagons
Waiter--Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in.
Waterman--A man who works with a boat or small vessels on the water; A boatman
Webster--Operates looms
Wharfinger/Wharfager--One who keeps a wharf for landing goods & collects wharfage fees; Owner of a wharf
Wheelwright--One whose business is making or reparing wheels, wheeled carriages, etc.
Whitesmith--Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work
Whitewing--Street sweeper
Whitster--Bleaches cloth
Wright--One who constructs, contrives, or creates, especially a construction worker
Yeoman--Farmer who owns a small piece of estate, farm, or land.