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The Historic Asylums Message Board is back online! (July 2006)

On Institutionalization: This site's focus on architectural preservation is not intended in any way to be taken as support of institutionalization in general, or as a current or new use for these buildings.

Recent Books of Interest

  • Abandoned Asylums of New England: A Photographic Journey. Click here for more information, and to order!

  • Eloise Asylum Book

    Preservation Alerts
    The following historic state hospital sites are in danger of demolition, destruction, or some other sort of serious negative alteration:

  • Fergus Falls RTC, Fergus Falls, Minnesota
  • Taunton State Hospital, Massachusetts (Badly damaged by fire March 2006)
  • Metropolitan State Hospital, Waltham, Massachusetts
  • Farview State Hospital (Pennsylvania)
  • Northampton State Hospital (Slated for demolition) (Massachusetts)

    Recently Lost

  • Dixmont (Pennsylvania). December 2005.
  • Old Main Building in Osawatomie (Kansas). Sept. 2002 (?)
  • Clinton Valley Center, Pontiac, Michigan. 2000.
  • Nevada State Hospital, Missouri. (Late 1990s?)2000.

    Saved

  • Traverse City State Hospital
    Introduction
    This web site is an attempt to catalog and present America's historic psychiatric hospitals (state hospitals; insane asylums) founded mostly in the latter half of the 19th century. The site gives special emphasis on the facilities built on the "Kirkbride plan", but it is not necessarily limited to the Kirkbride hospitals. The Kirkbride plan and the resulting buildings represented great ambition on the part of both psychiatric caregivers and architects. Known Kirkbride hospitals are indicated by a clickable Kirkbride label
    Type: Kirkride in the listings. Asylums outside of this scope, such as ones constructed in the 20th century are also included.

    To some, the asylums of the 19th century represent a darker period in mental health care, with involuntary incarceration, barbaric and ineffective treatments, and abuse of patients.

    However, there is also a legacy of progressive institutional treatment left by Dorothea Dix, Thomas Story Kirkbride, John Galt, and others represented by these buildings and sites. The sites that remain stand in monument to the successes and failures of these reforms and their efforts. The treatments and philosophies seem rather outdated and quant today, but at the time were a considered to be great improvement in the treatment of people perceived in need of psychiatric care.

    A large proportion of these historic institutions are no longer psychiatric hospitals. What remains are the magnificent castle-like buildings wrought of brick and stone in incredible detail, a legacy of an attention to detail in architecture which seems to have been long forgotten.

    Scope of this site: Presented here are hospitals which are still in operation, hospitals which are still standing but are now closed, hospitals that are still standing but are no longer used as hospitals, and hospitals that havebeen long since or recently demolished.

    The largest and best-known institutions presented here (including the majority of the Kirkbride hospitals) were started by and run by state governments. Well-known examples of this type include Danvers State Insane Asylum in Massachusetts and Fergus Falls State Hospital in Minnesota. This site also institutions run by city and county governments (such as the numerous county asylums in Wisconsin, along with private institutions such as Brattleboro Retreat. Also included are state homes, instititions for the developmentally disabled, childrens' asylums, and institutions for the deaf and blind.

    Postcards from the Asylum In addition to the psychiatric institutions, there are some medical hospitals and sanitariums, sanatoriums, poor farms, and prisons included in the site. These include certain Pennsylvania state hospitals, which in some cases are actually medical hospitals, and not psychiatric institutions at all. Although a few of these might be included in this site (especially where they share locations with insane asylums), the focus of this site is not on these types of facilities. Note: This site is not yet complete: there are a lot of asylums that have not been added yet.

    Architects:: The architects of these buildings include H.H. Richardson, George Kessler, Samuel Sloan, Gordon W. Lloyd, Stephen Vaughn Shipman (who designed several), state capitol architect Elijah E. Myers, Ward P. Delano, Isaac Perry, John Notman, Frederick Law Olmsted (landscapes and grounds), A.J. Davis, H.W.S. Cleveland, Edward O. Fallis, Warren Dunnell, Charles C Rittenhouse, Richard Karl AugustKletting, John A. Fox, and others. Dr. Thomas Story Kirkbride, while not an architect, devised the basic floor plan many of these architects used in the design of their main asylum buildings.

    Sanitariums: To most, the word "sanitarium" currently has identical meaning to "insane asylum". However, a century ago, the typical sanitarium was most likely a hospital or residential health spa. Some historic sanitariums were state-run tuberculosis hospitals, and a few were actually insane asylums. In this site, the term "sanitorium" tends to be reserved for the TB institutions. The most famous historic sanitarium was the Kellogg Sanitarium in Battle Creek, Michigan. This sanitarium was of the hospital/health spa variety,and was depicted in the film and book "The Road to Wellville". Kellogg's corn flakes were invented at this institution. Several historic sanitariums are included at the end of the listings for each state.

    Type of Information Presented: This site contains scores of historic asylum postcard images, along with many other photos (historic and modern). Most of the pages contain postcard images or photos, while some of the pages contain only text at this time.

    Also included are some architect or planner sketches of the hospitals as they were supposed to look (drawn before construction), and the intended floor plans.

    Some photos or other renditions of famous figures from this part of mental health history are included with the entry for the institution that the person was associated with.

    These hospitals with their imposing main buildings are quickly vanishing from the American landscape.


    The Kirkbride State Hospitals

    This excerpt was based on annual reports written by Dr. Thomas Story Kirkbride, who served the Pennsylvania Hospital as superintendent from 1841-1883.

    Dr. Kirkbride's progressive therapies and innovative writings onhospitaldesign and management became known as the "Kirkbride Plan," which influenced, in one form or another, almost every American state hospital by the turn of the century.

    Dr. Kirkbride created a humane and compassionate environment for his patients, and he believed that the beautiful setting described below restored patients to a more natural balance of the senses."
    - quoted from the Pennsylvania Hospital Newsletter of the Friends of the Hospital

    Dr. Kirkbride spoke of his plan as linear. Buildings were arrangeden échelons. The center building was more imposing than theothers and had a dome, in agreement with the classical tastes of the time. From the center building, used for administration offices, extendedwings right and left for patients. From the ends of the wings, short cross sections dropped back to connect with more buildings, for patients, which were parallel to the original wings. Each ward was enough out of line so that fresh air could reach it from all four sides and it was not under observation from the other wards
    - from Dr. Kirkbride and his Mental Hospital by Earl D. Bond

    You can read more about Thomas Story Kirkbride inThe Art of Asylum-Keeping : Thomas Story Kirkbride and the Origins of AmericanPsychiatry

    See the following historic images of historic state hospitals from across the nation (states and territories). Hospitals that are known for sure to be Kirkbride hospitals are indicated with an asterisk *. The images include photographs, sketches, and floor plans. Note: Image sizes range from 30K to over 300K: these larger ones may take some time to load.


    Terminology and Names
    Over the years, factors such as changes in the mission of the state hospital, changes in philosophy, and even changes in terminology has left these facilities with many names. Some state hospitals have had several names, and it seems like any institution that lasted from the 19th century into the 20th century had at least one name change.
    Examples of Names (tending from earlier to recent)
    • Lunatic Hospital
    • Lunatic Asylum
    • Asylum for the Insane
    • Insane Asylum
    • State Hospital
    • Mental Health Center
    • Psychiatric Hospital
    • Regional Center
    • Retreat
    • Developmental Center
    • Center

    Key to Symbols

    Starred entries have a lot of information; at least four images and/or substantial text.

    Type: Kirkride Entries with this symbol of a large building with a tall central wing and wings attached on either side in a symmetric fashion are known Kirkbride hospitals.

    Entries with this symbol areasylums based on a plan of scattered cottages. Hospitals which started as Kirkbride, but later added cottages are included under the Kirkbride category above instead of this cottage category.

    Entries with this symbol are asylums that consisted mainly of one single-wing building.

    Entries with this symbol are asylums that consist of a large rambling building that is not on the Kirkbride plan.

    Entries with this symbol have the main asylum building intact (or mostly intact), or the cottages pretty much remain in the case of cottage-based hospitals. Preserved hospitals canstill be in use as psychiatric hospitals, used for another purpose, or abandoned.

    Entries with this symbol are in danger of demolition at this time.

    Entries with this symbol are asylums of which little remains

    Entries with this symbol are for asylums that have lost their most significant historic structures, but many of the other buildings and the grounds remain.

    Entries with this symbol are for asylums buildings that are currently undergoing some sort of remodeling or renovation.

    Institution entries with this symbolhave "Asylum Tourist" information, with information on museums at statehospitals (and former state hospitals) and other sites open to the public,and general information on viewing the sites. The "Asylum Tourist"entries also include information on publicly-viewable asylumsites NOT worth seeing, and why.

    Intrusion at psychiatric institutions, residences, and hospitals which are still in operation is strongly discouraged (along with any sort of trepassing at any place where entry or exploration is prohibited or illegal).The privacy and treatment of the residents and patients must be respected. This also includes former institutions which have been converted to another residential use.

    This symbol, prison bars, represents institutions that have now become prisons.

    This symbol represents institutions which have now become colleges.


    Alabama
    Asylums -
  • Bryce Hospital for the Insane, Tuscaloosa Type: Kirkride
  • Mt. Vernon Insane Hospital

    Sanitariums -
  • Belle Aire Sanitarium (Mobile)

    Alaska
    No listings at this time.

    Arizona
    Asylums -

  • Insane Asylum, Phoenix

    Arkansas
    Asylums -

  • Arkansas State Hospital (Arkansas Insane Asylum), Little Rock, 1883. No historic structures remaining (?)

    Other State Institutions -
  • Arkansas Training School for Girls, Alexander

    California
    Asylums -

  • Atascadero State Hospital
  • Agnews State Hospital, 1885
  • Camarillo State Hospital, Ventura County
  • Fairview State Hospital, Orange County, 1959
  • Highland State Hospital (see Patton State Hospital)
  • Mendocino State Hospital, Ukiah
  • Metropolitan State Hospital, Norwalk, 1916
  • Modesto State Hospital
  • Napa State Hospital, 1875
  • Norwalk State Hospital (see Metropolitan State Hospital)
  • Pacific State Hospital, Pomona, 1917
  • Patton State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Porterville State Hospital, 1953
  • Sacramento State Hospital, 1853
  • San Francisco Marine Hospital, 1853
  • Sonoma State Hospital, Eldridge, 1891
  • Stockton State Hospital, 1853

    Colorado
    Asylums -

  • Fort Logan Mental Health Center
  • Colorado State Hospital (Colorado Insane Asylum), Pueblo, 1879

    Sanitariums -
  • Mount Airy Sanitarium

    Connecticut
    Asylums -

  • Fairfield State Hospital, Newtown, 1932
  • Connecticut Retreat for the Insane, Hartford,1823
  • Connecticut State Hospital, Middletown
  • Norwich Insane Hospital, NorwichMR & DD, Disabled, State Homes, etc -
  • State School for Feeble-Minded, Lakeville

    Sanitariums -
  • Dr Given's (Stamford), Dr. Wadsworth (South Norwalk)

    Delaware
    Asylums -

  • Deleware State Hospital, Farnhurst
  • Delaware State Hospital, Wilmington

    District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.)
    Asylums -

  • St Elizabeths Hospital Type: Kirkride

    Sanitariums -
  • Washington Sanitarium and Hospital

    Florida
    Asylums -

  • Florida State Hospital, 1877
  • North East State Hospital, MacClenny

    Georgia
    Asylums -

  • Central State Hospital, Milledgeville 1837

    State Homes, etc -
  • Georgia Retardation Center

    Sanitariums -
  • Blackman-Walton (Atlanta)

    Hawaii
    No listings at this time.

    Idaho
    No listings at this time.

    Illinois
    Asylums -

  • Alton State Hospital
  • Anna State Hospital (Southern Illinois) Type: Kirkride
  • Bartonville State Hospital, Peoria, 1885 (aka Peoria State Hospital)
  • Chester State Hospital
  • Chicago State Hospital (Chicago Read)
  • Tinley Park State Hospital
  • Galesburg State Hospital
  • Elgin State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Jacksonville State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Kankakee State Hospital (EasternIllinois) Type: Kirkride
  • Manteno State Hospital
  • Watertown Asylum / East Moline State Hospital
  • Fox River Asylum (Fictional)

    MR & DD, State Homes, etc -
  • Institute for the Feeble Minded, Lincoln

    Indiana
    Asylums -

  • Central Indiana Hospital for the Insane Type: Kirkride (2)
  • Evansville State Hospital (Woodmere)
  • Logansport State Hospital (Northern Insane Asylum), Logansport
  • Madison State Hospital (Southeastern Insane Hospital), Madison
  • Richmond State Hospital

    State Homes -
  • Home for Feeble-Minded Youth, Fort Wayne

    Sanitariums -
  • Dillsboro Sanitarium

    Iowa
    State Asylums -

  • Mt Pleasant State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Cherokee State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Clarinda State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Independence State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Woodward State Hospital (in Woodward)

    County Asylums -
  • Des Moines County Infirmary and Asylum for the Insane
  • Hospital for the Insane, Dubuque
  • County Asylum, Elkader
  • Boone County Poor and Insane Asylum (near city of Boone)
  • Clinton County Poor Farm and Insane Asylum
  • Johnson County Insane Asylum and Poor Farm
  • Jackson Country Insane Asylum at the County Poor Farm (near city of Andrew)
  • Marion Country Poorhouse and Asylum, Knoxville
  • Polk County Asylum for the Poor and Insane

    State Homes -
  • Institute for Feeble-Minded Children, Glenwood

    Kansas
    Asylums -

  • Kansas State Imbecile Asylum (Winfield State Hospital), Winfield
  • Larned State Hospital
  • Parsons State Hospital, Parsons
  • Topeka State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Wells Asylum, Atchison
  • Osawatomie State Hospital
  • Menniger Clinic (1925)

    Kentucky
    Asylums -

  • Central Insane Asylum, Lakeland
  • Western State Hospital (Western Kentucky Asylum), Hopkinsville, 1848
  • Eastern State Hospital,1824

    MR & DD, Disabled, State Homes, etc -
  • Kosair Hospital for Crippled Children, Louisville
    Sanitariums -
  • Waverly Hills Tuberculosis Sanitarium

    Louisiana
    Asylums -

  • State Hospital at Alexandria
  • Jackson State Hospital (East Louisiana State Hospital)
  • Central Louisiana State Hospital (Pineville)

    Sanitariums -
  • Fenwick Sanitarium (Covington)

    Maine
    Asylums -

  • Augusta Mental Health Institute (Augusta Insane Hospital), 1848
  • Bangor Insane Hospital

    MR & DD, Disabled, State Homes, etc -
  • Valley Farm (Maine School for Feeble-Minded), West Ponwal

    Maryland
    Asylums -

  • Bay View Asylum. Highlandtown
  • Eastern Shore State Hospital, Cambridge
  • Sheppard-Enoch Pratt Hospital, Towson
  • Spring Grove State Hospital, Catonsville Type: Kirkride
  • Springfield State Hospital (and Warfield Complex Development Project) Cottage-style
  • Baltimore City Insane Hospital
  • Chestnut Lodge Insane Asylum
  • Shepard Insane Asylum
  • Hospital for the Negro Insane

    Sanitariums -
  • Laurel Sanitarium (Laurel), Solomon Sanitarium

    Massachusetts
    Asylums -

  • Rutland State Hospital, Rutland
  • Monson State Hospital, Palmer
  • Foxboro State Hospital
  • McLean Hospital, Waverly
  • Metropolitan State Hospital, Waltham
  • Norfolk State Hospital
  • Northampton State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Danvers State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Metropolitan State Hospital for the Insane, Waltham
  • Quaise Asylum ("Landmark House"), Nantucket
  • Taunton Lunatic Asylum Type: Kirkride
  • Tewksbury Hospital
  • Worcester State Hospital Type: Kirkride

    Sanitariums:
  • Essex Sanitorium (Middleton) State Schools -
  • Belchertown State School
  • Fernald State School
  • Lyman School for Boys

    Michigan
    Kirkbride Asylums/State Hospitals -

  • Clinton Valley center (Pontiac State Hospital) Type: Kirkride
  • Kalamazoo State Hospital (ii) Type: Kirkride (2)
  • St Joseph's Retreat, Dearborn. Type: Kirkride
  • Traverse City State Hospital Type: Kirkride

    Other Major Psychiatric Institutions -
  • Eloise Hospital (Westland, Wayne County)
  • Sault Sainte Marie State Hospital
  • Ionia Asylum
  • Newberry State Hospital
  • Northville State Hospital

    - Other Asylums, State Hospitals and State Schools
  • Mt. Pleasant Indian School / State Home
  • Kalamazoo State Hospital (i) at Asylum Lake
  • Oak Grove Sanitarium (psychiatric hospital)
  • State Psychopathic Hospital at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor
  • Lapeer School
  • Wayne County Child Development Center, Northville
  • Ypsilanti State Hospital
  • Plymouth State School
  • Ardmore Center, Livonia
  • Caro State Hospital
  • Sault Ste. Marie State Hospital
  • House of Providence, Detroit

    some Sanitariums -
  • Kellogg Sanitarium, Battle Creek, Michigan
  • Hewitt's Sanitarium, White Cloud
  • Grand Traverse Sanitarium
  • Owosso Sanitarium
  • Mercy Sanitarium, Manistee

    Medical Hospitals:
  • Harper Hospital, Detroit
  • Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit
  • Fremont Hospital, Fremont
  • St Mary's Hospital, Detroit
  • Children's Hospital, Detroit

    Minnesota
    Kirkbride Asylums/State Hospitals -

  • Fergus Falls State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Rochester State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • St. Peter Regional Treatement Center, 1866. Type: Kirkride

    - Other Asylums, State Hospitals and State Schools
  • Anoka State Hospital
  • Brainerd State Hospital
  • Cambridge State Hospital
  • Faribault State Hospital
  • Hastings State Hospital, 1888
  • Willmar State Hospital

    Sanitariums -
  • Wabasha Sanitarium
  • State Sanitarium at Walker

    Medical Hospitals -
  • Mayo Hospital, Rochester
  • St. Cloud Hospital, St. Cloud
  • St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Wabasha
  • St. Gabriel's Hospital, Little Falls
  • St. Luke's Hospital, St. Paul
  • Winona General Hospital, Winona

    Missouri
    Asylums -

  • Fulton State Hospital
  • Nevada State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • St. Vincent's Insane Asylum, St. Louis.
  • State Hospital #4, Farmington
  • St. Joseph State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Marshall State Hospital, or State Home (Marshall, Missouri)
  • State Home, St. Louis
  • St Louis County Insane Asylum SWGNA Area Landmarks

    Mississippi

  • Jackson State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • East State Hospital (Meridian) Type: Kirkride
  • East Mississippi State Hospital (Meridian), 1885
  • Mississippi State Hospital (Whitfield)
  • North Mississippi Regional Center (Oxford)
  • South Mississippi State Hospital (Laurel)
  • Kuhn Memorial State Hospital (Vicksburg)

    Montana
    Asylums -

  • Montana State Hospital (at Anaconda)
  • Montana State Hospital (at Warm Springs)

  • Other -
  • Montana Developmental Center, Boulder

    Nebraska
    Asylums -

  • Hastings State Hospital
  • State Lunatic Asylum at Lincoln, 1870
  • Norfolk Hospital for the Insane, 1885

    Nevada
    Asylums -

  • Nevada Mental Health Institute, 1882

    New Hampshire
    Asylums -

  • State Hospital in Concord

    New Jersey
    State Asylums -

  • Ancora State Hospital
  • State Asylum for the Insane at Morristown (Morris Plains, Greystone) Type: Kirkride
  • Marlboro State Hospital
  • Trenton State Hospital Type: Kirkride County Asylums -
  • Atlantic County Insane Asylum
  • Camden County Insane Asylum
  • Hudson County Asylum, New Jersey
  • Salem Almshouse and Insane Asylum
  • Burlington County Insane Asylum

  • Insane Asylum, Pleasantville

    New Mexico
    No listings at this time.

    New York
    Asylums -

  • Newville State Hospital
  • Binghamton State Hospital
  • Creedmore State Hospital
  • Harlem Valley State Hospital
  • Hudson River State Hospital (Poughkeepsie) Type: Kirkride
  • Gowanda State Hospital
  • Utica State Hospital In danger of demolition
  • Buffalo State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Dannemora State Hospital
  • King's Park State Hospital
  • Middletown State Hospital
  • Matteawan State Hospital (now Fishkill Correctional Facility)
  • Pilgrim State Hospital
  • Willard State Hospital Type: Kirkride (4)
  • Willowbrook State School (Staten Island)
  • Western New York Institution for Deaf-Mutes (New York)
  • St. Lawrence State Hospital in Ogdensburg, 1890
  • Rockland
  • Asylum on Blackwell's Island, 1839
  • Bloomington Lunatic Asylum, 1808
  • New York Asylum for Idiots, at Syracuse

    Sanitariums:
  • Loomis Sanitorium, (Liberty)
  • Interpines

    North Carolina
    Asylums -

  • Appalachian Hall, Asheville
  • Broughton Hospital, 1874 (Morganton) Type: Kirkride
  • Cherry Hospital, 1880
  • Dorothea Dix Hospital
  • Goldsboro State Hospital
  • Western North Carolina Sanitorium

    North Dakota
    Asylums -

  • Grafton State Hospital
  • Jamestown State Hospital

    Ohio
    Asylums -

  • Fairhill Psychiatric Hospital
  • Mt Vernon State Hospital
  • Toledo State Hospital, 1888
  • Dayton State HospitalType: Kirkride
  • Columbus Hospital for the Insane Type: Kirkride
  • Cleveland State Hospital, 1855
  • Athens State Hospital Type: Kirkride Now a College
  • Longview Asylum
  • Massillon State Hospital
  • Lima State Hospital Now a Prison

    State Homes, Other -
  • Springfield K.P. State Home
  • Dayton Ohio Soldiers and Sailors Home

    Oklahoma
    Asylums -< LI>
    Central State Hospital, Norman

  • Eastern State Hospital, Vinita
  • Western State Psychiatric Center,Fort Supply

    Oregon
    Asylums -

  • Dammasch State Hospital, Wilsonville
  • Eastern Oregon State Hospital at Pendleton
  • State Insane Asylum at Salem

    Pennsylvania
    Asylums -

  • Allentown State Hospital
  • Blossburg State Hospital
  • Byberry Hospital
  • Danville State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Friends Hospital
  • Harrisburg State Hospital
  • Mayview State Hospital, 1818
  • Nanticoke State Hospital
  • Norristown State Hospital (near Philadelphia)
  • Pennhurst State Hospital, Spring City
  • Pennsylvania Hospital (Philadelphia) Type: Kirkride
  • Scranton State Hospital
  • Chester County Home and Hospital for the Insane
  • Warren State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Woodville State Hospital
  • Schuylkill County Almshouse and Hospital for the Insane
  • Farview State Hospital
  • Western Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane at Dixmont Type: Kirkride
  • Lancaster County Asylum

    Pennsylvania State Hospitals general/medical hospitals and NOT mental asylums:
  • Philipsburg State Hospital
  • Shamokin State Hospital.
  • Hamburg State Hospital

    Puerto Rico
    Asylums -

  • Insane Asylum

    Rhode Island
    Asylums -

  • Butler Hospital for the Insane, 1847
  • Dexter Hospital for the Insane
  • Asylum for the Incurable Insane at Howard, 1870

    South Carolina
    Asylums -

  • Columbia State Hospital

    South Dakota
    Asylums -

  • Yankton State Hospital
  • Hiawatha Insane Asylum for American Indians, 1902
  • Redfield State Hospital and School

    Tennessee
    Asylums -

  • Bolivar State Hospital
  • Nashville State Hospital

    Texas
    Asylums -

  • Austin State Hospital
  • San Antonio State Hospital
  • Rusk State Hospital
  • Terrell State Hospital
  • Wichita Falls State Hospital

    Other -
  • La Lomita Mission - Tropical Texas Center,Mission

    Utah
    Asylums -

  • Utah State Hospital

    Vermont
    Asylums -

  • Brattleboro Retreat, 1838 Type: Kirkride
  • Waterbury State Hospital

    Virginia
    Asylums -

  • Eastern State Hospital, Williamsburg (Original)
  • Eastern State Hospital, Williamsburg (Current)
  • Western State Hospital, Staunton
  • Central State Hospital, Petersburg
  • Augusta County Asylum
  • Southwestern State Hospital, Marion

    Washington (State)
    Asylums -

  • State Insane Asylum near Tacoma (Steilacoom)
  • Eastern State Hospital at Medical Lake Type: Kirkride

    West Virginia
    Asylums -

  • Fairmont State Hospital
  • Weston Asylum Type: Kirkride 1858
  • Spencer State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Lakin State Hospital (Colored Insane), near Point Pleasant
  • Huntington State Hospital

    Wisconsin
    State Asylums -

  • Mendota State Hospital Type: Kirkride
  • Winnebago State Hospital, aka Northern Asylum for the Insane, Winnebago Mental Health Institute, 1873 (Oshkosh)Type: Kirkride

    County Asylums -
  • Brown County Asylum, Green Bay
  • Chippewa County Asylum, Chippewa Falls
  • Clark County Insane Asylum
  • Columbua County Asylum, Wyocena
  • Dodge County Asylum, Juneau
  • Dane County Asylum for the Criminally Insane, Verona
  • Douglas County Asylum for the Chronic Insane,
  • Dunn County Asylum, Menomonie
  • Fon du Lac County Asylum, Fon du Lac
  • Green County Asylum, Monroe
  • Iowa Couty Asylum, Dodgeville
  • Jefferson County Asylum, Jefferson
  • La Crosse County Asylum, West Salem
  • Grant County Asylum, Lancaster
  • Manitowoc County Asylum, Manitowoc
  • Marathon County Asylum, Wausau
  • County Asylum, Marinette
  • Milwaukee County Asylum, Wauwatosa
  • Outagamie County Asylum, Appleton
  • Monroe County Asylum, Sparta
  • Racine County Asylum, Racine
  • Richland County Asylum, Richland Center
  • Rock County Insane Asylum
  • St. Croix County Asylum, New Richmond
  • Sauk County Poor Farm and Insane Asylum, Reedsburg, 1871
  • Sheboygan County Asylum, Sheboygan
  • Trempealeau County Asylum, Whitehall
  • Vernon County Asylum, Veroqua
  • Walworth County Asylum, Elkhorn
  • Washington County Asylum, West Bend
  • Waukesha County Poor House and Asylum for the Insane
  • Waupaca County Asylum
  • Winnebago County Asylum, Winnebago
  • Wood County Asylum, Marshfield. Other -
  • Waldheim Asylum, Oconomowoc

    Medical Hospitals -
  • Wisconsin State General Hospital (Madison)

    Other -
  • Tomah Indian Industrial School / VA Hospital

    Wyoming
    Asylums -

  • Casper State Hospital
  • Evanston State Hospital
  • Sheridan State Hospital

    Other -
  • Lander State Training School

    Canada
    Asylums -

  • Asylum, Kingston, Ontario, Canada Type: Kirkride
  • Asylum for the Insane, London, Ontario, Canada Type: Kirkride
  • Asylum, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  • Asylum, Orillia, Ontario, Canada
  • Asylum, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    Other (including foreign, non-US/Canada)
    Asylums -

  • Rozelle Hospital, Callan Park, Sydney, Australia Type: Kirkride
  • St Agnes Hospital for the Chronically Insane (US)

    Links to Other Lists of State Hospitals and Sites on Related Subjects

    Sites of a more specific interest to one particular place are found in the web page for that place. Please check the hospital pages for more links.

    In Association with Amazon.com Please click hereto contact the webmaster.
    Please write to let me know of errors, new information, and historicasylums I may have missed.This site was launched on June 1,1999< BR> Credits and sources of information (aside from those mentioned oninvidual pages): Mike Long,Dr. Warren R. Street, Fred Tannenbaum, Heidi Johnson.
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