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Members Convict Connections

Cadman Samuel b. 1815

My convict : SAMUEL CADMAN was born on 19 November 1815 at Foleshill, Warwick. He committed the crime of housebreaking in 1833 and was tried at Warwick Assizes being given a life sentence. He arrived in Australia on the ship ‘Fairlie’ on 15 February 1834. After his sentence was served he settled at Ellalong in NSW where he became a farmer. In 1838 he married Margaret CHILDS and then in 1849 at Wollombi he married Henrietta H LETHULIER. They had 6 children. He died on 24 March 1891 at Ellalong and was buried there.

Contact: Janet Caban  E Mail

Foord James b.1785

Convicted Smuggler

James Foord my ancestor was born in Ninfield, Sussex England in 1785. He was the son of Thomas Foord and Lydia Beaching. He married Hannah Milham on the 4 December 1806 and was listed as a farmer. However James was involved the illegal activity of smuggling. He was part of a gang known around Bexhill as the “little common gang”.


At the beginning of January 1828, Thomas Waters, a bricklayer and James Bennett also a bricklayer both from Bexhill Sussex approached Charles Longhurst about employing some men to receive a load of contraband. The load consisted of 300 gallons of brandy and 300 gallons of Geneva (Geneva is gin derived from a juniper berry).  James Foord supplied a cart and was a tubman for the operation.


The smugglers had started to assemble around 11 o'clock on the night of January 3rd. As they started to carry the tubs of contraband up the beach the revenue men started shooting. An ensuing battle then continued into the early hours of the following morning.  One of the smugglers and a revenue man named Charles Collins were killed. Within the week the Lord Admiral had issued a promise on behalf of the King that anyone not directly involved in the murder of Charles Collins, a First Rate Quartermaster of HMS Hyperion, who could supply evidence leading to the apprehension of those responsible together with their accomplices, would receive a pardon. A handsome reward of £500 was also offered. Posters issued from Whitehall were soon to be seen, dated January 10th 1828.


A local girl by the name of Ann Easton made a statement naming some members of the gang. Within 24 hours after Ann’s statement Charles Longhurst was arrested. To save his life Charles gave a deposition of approximately 8 pages naming many of the gang members. This included James Foord.


They were tried firstly at Horsham and then their trial was taken to Old Bailey in London.

On Thursday April 10th 1828 at the Old Bailey, ten men were indicted:

"for having in the month of January, in the county of Sussex, unlawfully and feloniously assembled, together with several other persons, armed with firearms, for the purpose of aiding and assisting in the illegal landing, running and carrying away, certain quantities of foreign brandy and geneva, which had not then paid certain duties of customs to the King."

At first they had pleaded "not guilty", but on the understanding that a plea to spare their lives would be made to the Crown they subsequently changed this to "guilty". The death sentence was duly passed but commuted to transportation to the convict colony in New South Wales.

At first James and his accomplices were housed at Newgate prison and later transported to the prison hulk “Justina”. He was then transported to Australia on the “Claudine” in 1829. James died shortly after arriving in the colony.


Several years after James death his son’s James and John together with John’s wife Eliza (nee Harris) came to Australia. They arrived on the Strathfieldsaye in July 1835. They first settled in the Hunter district where Eliza and John raised a large family of 13 children. Later they moved and finally settled in the Grafton area. John and Eliza are buried in the Grafton cemetery. John died on the 21st August 1901 and Eliza died on the 11th August 1885.


Article submitted by Member Judy Caban.


Gardiner Christopher b. 1816:

Christopher is the son of Chester Gardener and Mary Bibby. Born 1816, Liverpool England, died 2.11.1899 Buried in the Rookwood Asylum Sydney. He was caught for stealing shoes and sent to the Merton area. Arrived in Australia, l6 November 1832 aboard the Parmelia 2, sentenced for 14years he was aged 16 and could not read or write.. His calling was an Iron Boiler Maker. He was assigned to C. Blaxland in the Hunter River area. His ticket of leave «as cancelled on 18 June 1840 for disorderly conduct and it was restored on 12 December 1842. He married Mary Tuckey 1848. Christopher and Mary had 5 Children Submitted By: Judy Caban 1 Merrigan St Kyogle 2474


Hangan John  b.c.1779 -

My convict : JOHN HANGAN was born c. 1779 in Kent, England. On September 15 1802 John went on trial for ‘ feloniously stealing two waist coats, a pair of breeches and a pair of stockings’ and he was found guilty and sentenced to transportation for seven years. John’s occupation was stated as a stonemason. He went to Tasmania on the ‘Calcutta’ arriving in 1803 and settled in Tasmania and married Jane HEELS, the widow of a fellow convict. They had seven children.  John was granted two 50 acre Land Grants one of which is now part of the present Royal Botanical Gardens in Hobart.

Contact:  Mrs Leonie Apsey, 5 Victoria Street, INGLEWOOD, QLD. 4387


Herbert John  d.1832

My First Fleeter : In March 1785, John Herbert along with John Small, Robert Elwood and Steven Davenport committed Highway Robbery at Plymouth, Robbing an Innkeeper and his wife. James and Rebecca Burt, of a watch with a tortoise shell case, a pruning knife and five shillings in money. They were found guilty and sentenced to be hanged. Elwood was eventually hung Davenport was pardoned apparently on the strength of honourable service in the Marine Corps. John Herbert and John Small waited until the 5th April 1785 to learn their reprieve was confirmed and their death sentence changed to 7 years transportation.


John arrived in Australia on the “Charlotte” aged approximately 26years. He had no occupation recorded. Governor Phillip found it impossible to keep the male and female convicts separated. The Governor realised the best solution was to encourage marriage.

John Married Deborah Ellem on the 2nd April 1788 she arrived on the “Prince of Wales”. Phillip allocated a small piece of land to each convict which could be used to grow vegetables for their own use. Convicts who finished early could work on their own plots. John Had worked hard and his plot was developing nicely.  On the 4th December, he came home to find some pigs feeding in his garden and destroying some plants. A row raged between them Deborah provoking him very much with her tongue, then he struck her and she struck him.  She then went and stayed away all night. . This ended with both of them in court the next day, after Deborah made a complaint accusing him of beating her without just cause. The complaint was considered trivial and she was ordered 25 lashes and sent back to her husband.



By early 1792 John was settled on 70 acres at “Prospect Hill”. A list derived from the muster taken in July and August 1800 shows him owning 20 pigs and 2 horses, with 5 acres sown in wheat and 6 acres ready for growing maize. He supported himself but his wife and 5 children were rationed by government stores. 2 Years later John had 35 acres cleared. John and his wife 3 children and 2 convicts 3 other children were still on rations from government stores. 4 years later John was prosperous. In 1820 he held 150 acres, including 80 acres by purchase at ‘Evan’.


Deborah died on the 2nd June 1819; she was buried at St Johns Parramatta. John remarried 21st October 1819 to Ann Dudley.   

By 1822 he had cleared 50 acres of the grant, most of which was cultivated in wheat, maize and vegetables. He owned 6 horses, 4 horned cattle and 16 hogs. John had divided the 80 acres purchase amongst his sons. He made provisions in his will for the 70 acre grant to be divided equally among 7 of his surviving children  and left several houses in Campbell St Parramatta to his wife.


John died on 1st April 1832 and is buried beside his first wife.


Submitted by Barbra Booth Member 527

This is a condensed version of a very interesting speech given by Barbra.


Payne Richard

Some years ago in one of our early Crossing Place Journals I wrote a Story of Richard Payne our convict, who was suppose to have arrived on the “Malabar” in 1819.

Over the last few years it has been found by Mark W. Payne a distant Cousin that in fact our Richard Paine arrived on the “Lady Harewood” on 4th Mar 1831. He had been convicted of horse stealing and came before the Kent Assizes in August of 1830. 

This is not Richard’s first conviction and he had spent 3-4 years on the hulks at sheerness in 1825 for fraud. This was found by Gwen Marsden of NZ.

Richard was finally granted a Ticket of leave in 1845 at Yass and by 1850 he was permitted to reside at Windsor. He married Sarah Noakes/Moakes 9th April 1849 and they had two son George Payne. B 1850 Windsor NSW & William Pearman Payne b 1853 Grafton NSW.

Kay Francis, 9 Wharf St, Casino. NSW 2470



Shinkwell William c1796-1881

WILLIAM SHINKWELL  was born c 1796 County Cork Ireland. On 10 January 1823 he was tried in County Cork for stealing a pig and was sentenced to 10 years. He arrived in Sydney on board ‘Hooghley’ in 1825 and in 1831 he married Rosetta/Rose MACDONALD (also a convict) in Inverary NSW. William became a farmer in the Bringelly/Yass area where he and Rosetta had 2 children. He died in Yass in 1881.

Contact: Kay Francis C/- Casino Family History Group