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Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 113 dtd Dec. 31, 2002
Date: Tue, 31 Dec 2002 08:05:52 EST

(Issued monthly by
December 31, 2002
(c) 2002 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved)



RECIPIENTS PLEASE READ: You are receiving this email because you are a BB 
member or have asked to be added to our distribution list.  If you wish to 
discontinue these newsletters, email with message "remove". 
("Cancel" will cancel membership, homepage listings and mail.) Send address 
and listing changes to the same place. Sign your email with your full name 
and include BB in the subject line. Send no attachments or graphics unless 
well known to me.  Please keep changes to a minimum. To join the BB, see our 
homepage. We can't help with non-Burgenland family history. Appropriate 
comments and articles are appreciated. Our staff and web site addresses are 
listed at the end of newsletter section "C". Introductions, notes and 
articles without a by-line are written by the editor and reflect his views. 
Please exchange data in a courteous and cooperative manner-not to do so 
defeats the purpose of our organization. 


"Due to many requests I will continue the "House List" series with Oberwart 
district. I started taking pictures of the lists but at the moment I have not 
time to enter the names  into the PC. I would be glad if I could find 
volunteers for help."

Burgenland Co-Editor & BG liaison: (Klaus Gerger, 

This first section of our 4-section newsletter includes:

1. Mogersdorf/Mayer & Korpitsch Families -Bob Strauch & Denny Mayer
2. Splitter From Rust-Gerhard Lang 
3. Splitter Re Rhine-Mosel River Trip-Elaine Grace
4. Croatian Holiday Traditions-Margaret Kaiser
5. German Names of Present Hungarian Villages

1. MOGERSDORF/MAYER & KORPITSCH FAMILIES (from Bob Strauch and Denny Mayer) 

*Bob Strauch writes: I've corresponded with BB-member Denny Mayer from North 
Carolina. His grandparents also lived on Jordan St. in Allentown, PA.

* Original Message ----- 
From: denny mayer , To:  October 31, 2002 , Subject: 

Robert, as a child in the 1940's I had many friends from your neighborhood. 
My grandparents were Frank Maier and Augusta Korpitsch both from Burgenland. 
They lived on Jordan Street and attended the various ethnic clubs. My father 
was Roland Mayer. Any chance your family knew any of them? 

*From: "Bob Strauch" To: "denny mayer" Subject: Re: Allentown 4 Nov 2002
 I do know of several local Mayers with Mogersdorf connections. This past 
summer at one of the local picnics I was introduced to an Esther Lentz (I 
think from Allentown), whose mother was a Mayer from Mogersdorf. Esther said 
her grandfather had been mayor of the village. Also, my mother remembers 
having contact with a Steve Mayer whose people were from Mogersdorf, but this 
was over 10 years ago and she can't even recall how she knew him. As for the 
Korpitsch name, I have an acquaintance that lives down in Coopersburg named 
Rosi Dalkner, née Korpitsch, who came to Allentown from Mogersdorf in the 
1960's. She's married to John Dalkner, whose parents came here from 
Dobersdorf in the 1920's. 

 I also know the name Korpics from Bethlehem, but those people came from 
ethnically Slovenian/"Windish" villages still located in Hungary, just across 
the border from Mogersdorf: . They come from Rábatótfalu (Windischdorf) and 
Szakonyfalu (Eckersdorf), where the name is still common. It's also been 
found in Mogersdorf for quite some time: the house list of 1857 contains 5 
Korpitsch names.The "cs"-ending is the Hungarian equivalent of the Germanized 
"tsch". Rosi Dalkner once mentioned hearing someone in her family say 
something about her Korpitsch ancestors (her grandfather?) originally coming 
from thereand moving to Mogersdorf. 

Also, there's a folk, orchestra popular in the Slovenian/"Windish" villages 
across the border in Hungary called the " Korpicova Banda", led by Ladislaus 
(Laszlo, or "Laci" for short) Korpics. For examples of their music (mp3), go 
to Choose a language ("SLO" or "HUN"), then "KULTURA", 
and then either "Lacija Korpica" or "Korpics Laci", depending on language 
chosen. The first 8 or 9 mp3's are of the Korpics band, the rest are of the 
Avgust Pavel Slovenian Chorus from Felsöszölnök/Oberzemming.

Here's a strange coincidence: Last night I was reading the latest issue of 
the Burgenländische Gemeinschaft ("BG") newspaper, which arrived last week. I 
am one of the Lehigh Valley reps for the BG. They have a column which names 
and profiles the first known emigrants to leave the various Burgenland 
villages ("Erstausawanderer"). Mogersdorf is among the villages this time. 
I'll translate the paragraph for you: 
"The first emigrant to America from Mogersdorf was Franz Maier (house # 96) 
in 1890. He went to Allentown, as did almost all the other emigrants of this 
time. His son Franz (1876-1937) also went to Pennsylvania and was married to 
Rosa Korpitsch, from Mogersdorf, House # 89 (housename "Türk" - housenames 
were nicknames given to houses to distinguish among families with the same 
name). After her death, he married her sister Augusta (1883-1937)." 
 The secretary at the BG office in Güssing is Renate Dolmanits, née Ehritz, 
who is a native of Mogersdorf and still lives there. Her husband Walter is 
the mayor of Mogersdorf. I will forward your e-mail to her. Maybe she'll know 
if you have any relatives still there. I will also try to find out from Rosi 
Dalkner whether or not their might be a connection. 

 * From: denny mayer To: November 05, 2002 Subject: Turk 
House ....thanks! Our family always understood that our house was referred to 
as the "Turk" house because it was located at the site of a famous battle 
with the Turks. My grandmother said the government considered making it a 
memorial but it was torn down instead. We all understood ourselves to be 
German, but my father had black curly hair. When I would ask him where it 
came from he would laugh and say that it must have come from the Turks. Was 
our house referred to as the Turk house because of a genetic connection with 
Turkish people? I have recently become under the impression that "itsch" 
endings are Croatian. Would you have any opinion as to our ethnicity?

*From: Bob Strauch , To: denny mayer , November 05, 2002 Subject: Re: Turk 

Mogersdorf was the site of a very famous battle where the Turks were 
defeated. I have a booklet (in German) detailing every step of the battle, 
from the build-up to the aftermath. The memorial to the battle is on a hill 
above the town. The way Renate talked, the Türk house is still standing (or 
maybe a new house was built on the same site). The housename probably does 
hark back to that period. Who knows, maybe one of the Turkish soldiers 
defected to or collaborated with the European forces, survived the battle and 
settled in the village? Maybe somebody in town will have an idea as to how 
the housename originated.

I think of Korpitsch as a Slovenian/"Windish name. Like I said, there are 
many Korpics' in the ethnic Slovenian villages across the border in Hungary.  
One must have moved to Mogersdorf. Since Mogersdorf was German-speaking, they 
would have been assimilated and the Slovenian identity and language would 
have been lost. There are many Burgenländers with Croatian names who insist 
until they are blue in the face that they aren't Croatian. The main reason 
being that they don't speak Croatian. But then there was also a stigma 
attached to being a Croatian.  Nevertheless, it is still one's family 
background, whether or not they know the language.

*From: "Bob Strauch" To: "denny mayer" Subject: Re: Allentown 5 Nov 2002 
Talked with BG secretary Renate Dolmanits this morning. She seemed to think 
there might be a connection between you and Rosi Dalkner, in that Rosi's 
Korpitsch people (several generations back) possibly also came from House # 
89 (housename "Türk"). Renate said she'll ask some of the elderly people in 
town about what they remember, also to see if there might be a connection 
between your people and any Mayers still living in Mogersdorf. Since your 
great-grandfather was the first Mogersdorfer to leave for America, maybe his 
name has become a part of the "village folklore". 

I have a copy of a yearbook from 1951 called (in English) "German-Hungarian 
Family Calendar: a Yearbook for Germans from Banat, Batschka, Burgenland, 
Slavonia, Hungary, and Austria in America". In other words, for Germans that 
came from areas not only in present-day Hungary, but also areas formerly part 
of Hungary but now in Serbia, Croatia, Romania, Austria. It was published by 
a newspaper from Chicago called the "Heimatbote" (Homeland Messenger). At the 
back of the yearbook is a listing of subscribers, organized geographically, 
with hometowns and addresses included. In the Allentown/PA section I notice 3 
Mayers, all originally from Mogersdorf: 
Mayer, Adolf, from Mogersdorf, Bgld., 316 Railroad Street. 
Mayer, Adolf, and mother, Theresia, née Deutsch from Mogersdorf, Bgld., 316 
Railroad Street. 
Mayer, John, and Rose Lederer, both from Mogersdorf, Bgld., 547 Park St. 

Possibly relatives? 

*From: denny mayer  

Bob, I can't thank you enough for the time and effort you have spent on my 
behalf. The news you sent me was exciting and stunning. Your continuing 
efforts mentioned in your last paragraph are very much appreciated 

2. SPLITTER FROM GERHARD LANG (from Rust- received in October)

Last week I was elected chairman of the musical district of Eisenstadt 
("Bezirksobmann"). It will cost some of my time, visiting the orchestras and 
their concerts and there is also some administrative work to do. 

With "Singkreis Grosshöflein" (Grosshöflein choir) we supplied music for 
today's church service. A nun celebrated the jubilee of her "golden profess" 
(in the fraternity for 50 years). She comes from Grosshöflein. Pater Leopold 
Prizelitz  and the local priest Msgr. Haider - celebrated high mass and 
afterwards I had the chance to talk with Pater Leopold. I told him about 
translating and sending his articles of Grosshöflein to you and thanked him 
for his permission to do that. He was really pleased and asked me to send his 
greetings and best wishes to BB-members. He told me about his travels to the 

Last week Martina's (Lang) Grandmother Fiedler died in her 94th year. She was 
bedridden for a few months. 

Today was one of our first misty days, Autumn is here. Yesterday I was out 
playing for a birthday party, back home at 4:00 in the morning and up at 8:00 
to attend Singkreis for the mass. After the mass the choir-members were 
invited for lunch - one of the members had his 50th birthday and invited us 
to a local "Heurigen". They served liver-dumpling and "frittaten"-soup, 
Schnitzel, roast pork, roast chicken (and - never seen before at an inn: 
roast apples!!!), rice and French fries, home made coleslaw and 
"Erdäpfelsalat" (potato salad). For dessert we had "Kardinalschnitten" (made 
from biscuit pastry, whipped cream and - what they call "Eischnee" = whipped 
egg white- put together with some currant jelly. That's my favorite pastry! I 
guess I'll have Martina prepare some on your next visit!!! Later on I had to 
vote - today was election day for Austrian parliament.

3. SPLITTER FROM Elaine Grace, Subj:Comments on Rhine Mosel River Trip

My husband and I enjoyed your write-up on your recent trip with Grand Circle. 
 We were on the same trip, starting in Lucerne on August 13, then on the 
River Rhapsody to Antwerp.  It was definitely one of the best trips we have 
been on.  We were in Vienna several years ago on a Go Ahead Trip and only had 
2 days in Austria.  We did not get to Burgenland to visit my grandparents 
homes in Deutsch Tschand. and Tobaj because of difficulties with 
transportation but had dinner with Klaus Gerger and spent a wonderful evening 
with him.  We have booked a trip with GC for next August, the one from Paris 
to Nice.  Thanks for doing all the work with the BB and the newsletter.  I 
have learned a lot of my family history and am at a stand-still right now.  I 
have also been in contact with several relatives of my grandparents thru the 
BB.  We did not know of each other until our names were listed with you.  
Hope to see you on a future trip with Grand Circle.


I received this from the Austro-Hungarian Rootsweb list.  Perhaps the 
Croatian Heritage Museum would be of interest to some of the BB members. 
Message Board URL:

Message Board Post:

The Croatian Heritage Museum located in Eastlake Ohio helps keep Croatian 
holiday customs alive by creating an exhibit each Christmas season.  The 
exhibit includes a large jaslica (manager) with figures dressed in historic 
Croatian nos"nija (folkdress), a tree decorated with traditional ornaments 
which one may have found in the selos (villages) of Croatia as late as the 
early 1900s, a photo exhibit  traditional holiday foods povitica (nutroll), 
burek , krus"kovac (pear brandy), mlince.  We also have a full scale kuc"a as 
typical of those found in the selo, with mannequins dressed in beautiful 
antique nos"nija gathered around the Christmas table.  Many items which can 
be purchased.

The exhibit will open Sunday, December 1, from 1 PM to 5 PM.  We will have 
live traditional music as well as some wine, cheese, kobasica, and homemade 
Croatian kolac".  There is no charge and all are welcome - dobro nam dos"li! 
The exhibit will remain until after Orthodox Christmas.  Hours are Friday 
evening from 7 PM to 10 PM and for the Christmas season, the museum will be 
open each Saturday evening and Sunday afternoon.  The museum operates on 
gifts and donations and is staffed by volunteers.

The Croatian Heritage Museum is located at: 34900  Lakeshore Blvd (at Rte. 

One of the things that moved me to start the BB was the difficulty of 
locating villages whose names changed as a result of political shifts. I can 
usually find both by using a gazetteer (see newsletter archives) or Albert's 
list (from the BB Homepage), the on-line phone books, my Austrian and 
Hungarian atlases  or even the LDS microfilm index. When the villages are not 
from Vas Megye but rather from Moson or Sopron (or some other Hungarian 
county)-you have to look at a lot of lists. If, after searching our lists, 
the village still eludes you, try asking us. Case in point is the member who 
asked where Leiden was located. I struck out and asked the staff. Hannes Graf 
replied: LEIDEN is the German name of LEBENY / Moson district.

Newsletter continues as no. 113A.

Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 113A dtd. Dec. 31, 2002
Date: Tue, 31 Dec 2002 08:06:23 EST

(Issued monthly by
December  31, 2002
(c) 2002 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved

This second section of our 4-section newsletter contains:

HISTORY OF POPPENDORF (Part 1- by Fritz Königshofer)


My great-grandfather Adolf Königshofer was born into a family of teachers in 
Neudau, Styria, right at the historical border (Lafnitz river) between 
Austria and Hungary. He studied at the teacher preparation schools in Graz 
and Oberschützen. After finishing his education in 1882, he applied for a 
position in Olbendorf, then in Hungary, which meant that he also needed to 
apply for home rights in Olbendorf and Hungarian citizenship. He worked in 
Olbendorf till 1886, became schoolmaster in Gamischdorf where he worked till 
1898, when he received his final appointment at the Roman Catholic elementary 
school in Poppendorf, succeeding the retired Emil Langasch, great-grandfather 
of Gerry Berghold. Poor health forced Adolf to retire in 1914. He died in 
Poppendorf in 1921, just before Burgenland came into existence as part of 
Austria. Adolf was a correspondent for Der Volksfreund, a German weekly 
published in Szombathely. Some of his contributions to the newspaper, 
especially his stories on emigration and on major events in Poppendorf, have 
already been published in earlier editions of the BB newsletter. In the 
unfortunately few personal effects we were able to save within our family, 
there is a manuscript of a "History of Poppendorf" which he must have worked 
on in the second decade of the 20th century. A first excerpt from this 
manuscript was published in issue 39A of the BB newsletter of July 15, 1998, 
an issue that was dedicated to the village of Poppendorf. It is important for 
readers to recognize that the following manuscript clearly was at an early 
stage (with the entire two sections about the time between 1872 and 1915/20 
still missing), and that Adolf was a village teacher, not a historical 
scholar. Phrases in square brackets (including question marks) denote 
marginal notes by Adolf which he apparently planned to work on, or correct 
in, the next drafts, while normal parentheses are either as used by Adolf in 
the manuscript, or provided by my minimal interpretations (as should always 
be clear from the context). The following represents the entire saved 
manuscript and additional, clearly related sheets.

History of Poppendorf (by Adolf Königshofer)

(Transcribed and translated by his greatgrandson Fritz Königshofer, version 
of November 28, 2002)


Poppendorf lies along the river Lafnitz at the left side of the Lafnitz 
valley, near the foot of a slowly rising chain of hills. The main street 
through the village leads toward Styria, passing over one stone bridge and 
two bridges of brick masonry. To the left and right of the road lie the 74 
houses covered with straw or with brick tiles [and having vine railings]. 
Some of the houses on the left side, in the direction of the flow of the 
river, already are located on the slope of the hills, and thus are more 
distant from the road than the others. To the right of the road, some village 
oaks [?] approach very closely, as do the fertile, not "comassierten" (i.e., 
re-organized) Hofäcker (i.e., the usually small farmland around the houses in 
the village itself) which - like the grass and vegetable gardens - are partly 
separated from the main road by live beech fences. On a small elevation at 
the lower half of the village lies the widely visible village chapel built in 
Gothic style [grocery Hacker, or Hartler?]. On the main road near the chapel, 
one finds the large inn ("Einkehrwirtshaus") of the current inn-keeper Julius 
Medl. In the middle of the village stands the old chapel together with old 
linden trees, at which the road branches off which leads to Poppendorfbergen 
which is about 20 minutes away [old cemetery??]. Over the street to the right 
there are the "Millenium" (thousand year old??) linden trees [Berghold inn, 
Jani (?) store]. At the upper half of the village on the left lies the 
Catholic schoolhouse with its frontyard, and 100 steps further down on the 
right hand side, the Lutheran schoolhouse with its orchard and vegetable 
garden. In the schoolhouse, there is also the post office [just opposite the 
civil office where Franz Berghold runs his store]. The teacher also serves as 
postmaster. Above the Catholic schoolhouse flows a little brook which comes 
from the hills; during longer lasting spells of dry weather, this little 
brook dries out. On the other hand, when it rains heavily, the brook carries 
such huge amounts of water that they cannot all flow under the bridge and 
thus have to take their way over the road, flooding vegetable beds and 
adjoining lawns and thus creating damage. Above the just mentioned bridge, 
there stands an old cross surrounded by acacia and linden trees.

At many of the houses of Poppendorf one can find fruit trees, so that from 
far away it looks as if the entire village is immersed in a large orchard 
grove. Just outside the village are four houses at the lower end of the 
village, while there is one house at the upper end, towards Eltendorf [houses 
of craftsmen]. The village proper ("Hotter") is poor in flowers. Most 
frequently one finds the Pechnelke (catch-fly, viscaria vulgaris), 
Knabenkraut (orchis), Augentrost (eyebright, euphrasia officinalis), 
Vergissmeinnicht (forget-me-not, myosotis), Gänseblümchen (daisy), Huflattich 
(tussilago farfara), Löwenzahn (dandelion), Glockenblume (hare-bell, 
campanula), Tausendguldenkraut (centaury, erythraea), and in the autumn on 
the meadows the Herbstzeitlose (autumn crocus, colchicum autumnale) 
[poisonous snakes?]. The meadows on the left bank of the Lafnitz have sweet 
grass, while the ones on the right bank have grass which is only usable as 
horsefeed. Poppendorf is also not rich in timber. The most frequent tree is 
the forest pine ("Kiefer"). The people incorrectly call it "Tanne" (fir). One 
can also find spruce trees, but only in small numbers; also beech and oak 
trees. Vine growing is still practiced here and there in the hills 

The Lafnitz river lies about seven minutes away from the village. The Lafnitz 
[or Lan (??) as the people call it] has roughly the same width throughout. 
Its greatest width, about 8 meters (26.5 feet), is at the so-called Heubrücke 
(hay bridge). There are several spots where the depth of the river reaches 
10-12 meters (33 to 40 feet), for instance near the field belonging to Jost. 
The river bed is uneven, often like a trough, and is either muddy or solid. 
Due to the effects of washing out, the banks of the river are often vertical, 
and contain lots of underbrush and old trees and treetrunks that have fallen 
into the water. About 20 footsteps downriver from the Heubrücke, one can 
still see a large, very old oak trunk which extends into about a third of the 
river's width. This trunk must have lain there for ages as even the oldest 
inhabitants of the village, as far as they remember it, have found the trunk 
at this place. This oak tree perhaps stood near the river bank, and fell into 
the Lafnitz as the result of a heavy storm or the erosion of the river bank. 
It can hardly have come there from flooding. There are no branches anymore on 
this trunk. One can only see the trunk of about 80 centimeters (32 inches) 
diameter of which half can be seen above the water during dry periods with 
low water levels.

When it rains extensively, or after torrential downpours, the Lafnitz often 
rises above its banks and floods the nearby fields and meadows. The river 
leaves its bed at its left bank about 100 footsteps upriver from the 
Heubrücke, and also downriver from the same bridge, at the meadows belonging 
to Spitzer, and over its right bank just downriver from the Eltendorf flour 
mill. As for fish, the most frequently found is the Zinkel (perhaps meaning 
the Zingel, belonging to the perch family), a bottom feeder and predator, 
reaching a weight of up to half a kilogram [a bit more than a pound]. This 
fish has a very tasty meat. Apart from carps, pikes, Wels [Scheiden?] 
(catfish), which can all reach respectable sizes, the latter 60 to 80 
kilograms (135 to 180 pounds), one can find many other kinds such as 
Weissfisch (literal translation: white fish, a generic term for small fish 
often belonging to the carp family), Barsch (perch), Barben (a rather large 
species belonging to the carp family), and Platten (??) as the people call 
them. Catching the fish is very difficult. First of all, the fish find enough 
food and therefore do not bite into bait, while, secondly, a fishing line or 
net easily gets caught in the thicket that lies at the bottom of the river. 
The unevenness of the bottom also prevents results with casting-nets. When 
the water is high, one may have some success. People also go fishing during 
the time of spawning. Everybody is allowed to fish by fishing net; it's free. 
One is supposed to have a fishing card (a permit), but nobody cares about it. 
There are also fishotters in the Lafnitz. During wintertime, they have often 
been seen sitting on the ice [they damage the fish stock]. The people don't 
go after them. The owner of the Poppendorf hunting lease, Josef Medl, 
sometimes chases them.

There are no crayfish in the Lafnitz. Some years ago, they all perished from 
the Krebsenpest (crayfish plague?). Some people say that the dirty water that 
flows from the channels of the factories in Fürstenfeld into the Feistritz 
river was the reason for the extinction of the crayfish, but this explanation 
has to be doubted because, if dirty water were the reason, fish should also 
have perished. One can still find crayfish in the little tributary brooks of 
Eltendorf and Zahling. The disease affected mostly only the main waters.

Ancient History

No sources exist on the ancient history of the village. There are neither 
legends nor songs. There is just the conjecture that the first inhabitant had 
the last name Popp, and that this is how the name Poppendorf came into being, 
i.e., the village of the Popp(s). There is perhaps an alternative, as the 
legends of Gamischdorf say, in that there was a little hill there where the 
red Pfaffen (popas) lived, Greek-catholic clergymen which are called Popen, 
and that a similar situation existed in Poppendorf and could be the source of 
the name of the village [which, however, is very doubtful]. As grave sites 
from Roman times have been found in nearby Königsdorf, this could also 
indicate a settlement in Roman times, because Poppendorf was on the same road 
which led from Sabaria (Szombathely) to today's Styria. However, there are no 
direct traces from Roman times in the entire village proper.

Real History Of The Community

The real history of Poppendorf can be divided into four parts: the history 
before 1848; the history from 1848 till the Comassierung (redistribution of 
land to eliminate the many small, separate parcels to allow more efficient 
farming) in 1872; then from 1872 till 1903 when count Dénes Draschkovits of 
Güssing allowed the people of Poppendorf to purchase his Herrschaftsgrund 
(properties of his domain) there; and finally, from 1903 till the present.

Before 1848

As was the case with all nearby communities, the inhabitants of Poppendorf 
were subjects of the Herrschaft (domain) Battyany of Güssing, therefore they 
were bonded serfs. As such they had to provide the so-called robot for the 
land holder ("Grundherr"), and also had to give the so-called Zehent (tithe). 
The farmers had to provide 13 (??) days of robot per year, the Söllner 
(cottagers, i.e., house owners or renters with no or negligible farmland) 15 
days. In total, there were 33 farmers and cottagers in Poppendorf (??, Adolf 
was not sure about the number). They were completely dependent on the whims 
of the land holder. Therefore, the inhabitants were a poor and abandoned 
people for whom - as long as they did their bonded duties - nobody cared a 

The village judge (mayor) was put in place by the landlord. He was the most 
powerful person in the village who could hang any recalcitrant person into 
the "Stock" (put into the stocks?, pillory?) or have him/her beaten up [the 
last of these victims was Michael Spitzer].

Both farmers as well as cottagers had own land, but mostly in the form of 
forests and the so-called "Au" (river meadows). The forests extended from 
outwards the village proper to the cemetery, while the river meadows reached 
from Heiligenkreuz to the road. From the current meadows of the notary and of 
the school endowment, and along the Lafnitz to the so-called Szellischen (?) 
meadows and from there extending to the road, everything was river meadow. 
There were 1,000 years old oak and alder trees on these river meadows [These 
were the property of the land holder. People were allowed to collect 
Klaubholz (fallen timber). Nevertheless, much timber was just taken without 
asking and without qualms.]. With the domain administration's permission, 
people could let their livestock graze on the river meadows from spring to 
October, such as horses, cattle and pigs under the supervision of herdsmen. A 
typical farmer had one to two pieces of cattle. The ploughs were made of 
wood, and farmers helped each other out. They could not afford to have more 
cattle because the river meadows comprised only the Lang (?) and the bridge 
meadows, the grass was too acidy, and there was too little of it for the 
entire village. Behind the yard of Simitz, where there was also the place for 
cutting clay into bricks (the brickyard), there stood the village's hay barn. 
This is where the hay was collected from the village meadows. If anybody 
needed this hay in the winter, he was able to purchase it from there. 
Obviously, hay was often scarce. The poor cattle often had to live through 
the winter just from straw. This led to the situation that in the spring cows 
were sometimes too emaciated to stand up without the help of humans. This 
proves that livestock farming was at a very low level during these times 
[perhaps also due to low selling prices such as only 15-20 florins apiece; 
only farmers Baumann, Bosch, Drauch and Heber had enough cattle to be able to 
harness their own oxen pairs for ploughing. ??].

Holding horses was somewhat better understood, yet not too well either. It 
was not possible to earn much additional income from hauling, because before 
1848 farmers simply had to spend too much time on performing their robot work 
for the domain. First came the domain, then the farmer's or cottager's own 
livelihood. The village judge did not care whether the inhabitants had time 
to sufficiently tend to their own fields, as his superiors were only 
interested in that the domain got its due.

Pig farming was better developed. Often, a farmer had 6 to 8 pigs. They did 
not require much attention. In the spring, they were herded onto the river 
meadows, where they fed on acorns and grass till October. Back at home, some 
of them were slaughtered, the others were very cheaply sold [20-25 Kreuzer 
per pound, often without using a scale; apparently the innkeepers were 
sometimes the buyers].   (continued in newsletter 113B)

Newsletter continues as no. 113B.

Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 113B dtd. Dec. 31, 2002
Date: Tue, 31 Dec 2002 08:07:08 EST

(Issued monthly by
December  31, 2002
(c) 2002 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved

This third section of our 4- section newsletter contains:

HISTORY OF POPPENDORF (Part 2- by Fritz Königshofer)-continues from Part 1 in 
 newsletter 113A:

Before 1848 (cont.)

There was no dearth of firewood and limber. Farmers and cottagers (Söllner) 
had their forests. Sometimes, one or the other went to the forest belonging 
to the domain to get whatever he/she needed. Of course, one had to avoid 
getting caught. The easy availability of wood is also the reason why houses 
and cellars were often built of timber, because this method incurred the 
least cost.

Clothes were of linen [self-spun]. Trousers were wide (baggy). Shirts were 
held together by bands at the neck and the hands. The shirt fell down outside 
the trousers. Therefore, a colored apron was worn above it [women's clothes, 
fur trousers]. In winter times people wore a sheep-skin (as in Styria). This 
fur was tanned red or white, with flowers (??) on the back.

In the Simitz yard stood the Brechelhütte (hut for breaking the flax). That's 
where people brought their flax to for breaking. The people coming for the 
breaking were well received and served with food.

Otherwise, people mostly stayed at home. Rarely did anyone venture to other 
places. Rather, he or she stayed with the parents and shared the poverty with 
them. Therefore, there were many old bachelors and spinsters. When the 
parents died, one moved into the back room of the house, the other into the 
front room. It was not allowed to divide the land. The siblings peacefully 
lived with each other and ate from the same bowl. They also found themselves 
employment as farmhand or maid with a yearly remuneration [2 shirts, 2 
trousers, apron, etc.]. At marriage, rarely was the groom younger than 30.

For military service, the community had to make available either one or two 
men. It often happened that the military came to the village at night, got 
all young men out of their beds, and put them into the uniform on the spot. 
[At some times, the duty was for the village to provide half a man. In these 
cases two villages would jointly make one young man available for the draft.] 
If the young men had any advance warning of the arrival of the military, some 
would hide in the hay or the vineyard's cellar. The hapless drafted man would 
receive 40 to 50 florins from the village community.

Then came the revolutionary year 1848 which for the Hungarian farmers brought 
the abolition of both bondage and tithe [Protestant chapel in 1846].

1848 - 1872

The abolition of bondage meant -generally speaking - little immediate change 
for the community. The farmers now (from 1860 onwards) (still) had to deliver 
the "Zehnt" (tithe).This was the tenth part of their grain harvest. In the 
same vein, each vineyard owners had to hand over one "Mass" (old standard 
measure, perhaps one to two liters) of wine. The tithe was gathered together 
at the domain's manor farm ("Maierhof"), today's house no. 21, family 
Schlener. The last lessee of the manor farm, who lived at house no. 21, had 
the last name Knoblauch.

Times, however, changed for the owners of horses. A tobacco factory was built 
in Fürstenfeld, and cotton mills came into operation in Burgau and Neudau. 
Since the railway did not exist yet, the tobacco and cotton had to be carted. 
Thus Poppendorf became part of the newly emerging hauling business. The 
carters carried tobacco from Molnári (probably the village of this name near 
Letenye in southern Zala county) to Fürstenfeld. They received 50 Kreuzer per 
"Zentner" (hundredweight, probably about 50 kilograms at the time). For four 
days of hauling, they could make 23 florins, while for (the shorter distance 
from) Szalaegerszeg (sic) they could make 16 florins. It often happened that 
the tobacco carters removed some of the tobacco from the bales, then refilled 
the void with stones or bricks, or soaked the bale with water, so that proper 
weight was restored. The (Hungarian) tax inspectors were constantly busy in 
searching for (hidden?) tobacco. The people were hiding it in their hay 
barns, the fields or the forests. A lot of smuggling took place. Michael 
Spitzer, of house no. 17, and Andreas Schlener vulgo (original house name) 
Ruster Schlener (?) enticed the inn-keeper Johann Berghold to (illegally) 
haul tobacco. However, they were caught near Kanizsa (likely Nagy Kanizsa in 
south Zala county), and Berghold lost horse, tobacco and cart (presumably 
these were confiscated). Grain and limber were also hauled, even as far as 
Graz and Vienna. The remuneration for hauling goods from Fidisch (likely 
today's Rábafüzes) to Fürstenfeld was 2 Florins and 50 Kreuzer per day, and 
from Poppendorf to Szentgotthárd it was one Florin and 50 Kreuzer.

By now, the farmers were on the road with their horses and carts most of the 
time, and did not come home during the week anymore. The money they earned, 
however, was easy to count. Most of it was spent en route at the inns. The 
entire burden of tending house and farm now rested on the shoulders of the 
wife. She lived at home with the children and brothers, and did as best as 
she could to manage. Meat cows and pigs were left grazing on the river 
meadows, and the horses were away hauling goods. Therefore, there was neither 
time nor means available to gather manure. As a consequence, the 
fertilization of the arable land became neglected, and thus quality and 
amount of people's nourishment also started to suffer. People mostly lived on 
bread, the so-called "Rubenfuszn" (?? beets?) [sugar?] and Heidensterz 
(steamed and roasted buckwheat). In the stone mills of the flourmills, 
everything was milled "flach ohne Beutl" (flat without bag?), into coarse 
meal. In the bread made from this very coarse flour, one could find complete 
(grain) skins and bran. Despite of this, people were strong and sturdy, and 
reached a high age. Their raw strength made them better resistant to 
illnesses. It gave them energy and the means to reach a high age. The 
increasing variety of food prevents today's generation from reaching the same 
full strength of the body. Another reason for the robustness of the previous 
generations was the fact that the scarcity of owned land - the largest parcel 
was owned by Spitzer of house no. 16 who harvested 40 X (measures?) of wheat 
in 1860 - meant that the workload for the individual was light. Young men and 
women, therefore, were able to take life relatively easy ["Scheiben spielen," 
"Alte Burschen Strasse"], and none of them went far away. Young men stayed at 
home all the time, or spent their time with entertainment/games. On the place 
where Wallkovits has his house today, there was a skittles lane (rural 
bowling). Another pastime was the game of "Zwak" (or Zwek?).

The daily wage for threshing [provided the person was sufficiently fast with 
the flail] for young men was 10-12 Kreuzer, "auf die Tür" (??, perhaps 
meaning "with delivery to the house) 25 Kreuzer. This was work done merrily 
and happily, whereby it was possible to express one's joy by singing, a fact 
which, on the other hand, some people in the village envied a bit. [The 
threshing was carried out with the "Drischel," and cleaning up was done with 
the shovel. 1860.] There was very little money around. Only one or two 
families in the village had a bit of it, but even these only in modest 
measure. The poorer class had no money at all. If someone had a few 100 
Florins, he was considered rich [usury]. Such wealthier ones were Schlener at 
house no. 50, Spitzer at no. 16, Schlener at no. 28, Gibiser at no. 29. 
(However, these names were all struck through in the manuscript, and the 
following names written above them: Lorenz Medl, Sulzer or Salzer.) The most 
festive days of the year, the so-called "meat days," were the days during 
Fasching (carnival, Shrovetide, i.e., the time before Lent), and for the 
poorer classes the days of vine harvest and pressing, and the days of grain 
and hay harvesting. Winegrowing was popular among the inhabitants. In 
contrast, not much attention was given to fruit growing which stagnated 
completely. Winegrowers harvested about 30 to 40 pails of grapes. The best 
years for the wine harvest were 1868 and 1869. The grapes were noble 
Hungarian varieties, mostly red ones.

Livestock-farming did not develop due to the scarcity of fodder. Prices also 
stayed depressed. For example, in the year 1860, Johann Berghold sold two 
horses in Graz for 64 Florins, and (with the proceeds) purchased two cows, 
one for 17 Florins, the other for 24. The price for a suckling calf 
("Tuttelkalb") was 5-6 Florins, while a "Tuttelfadl" (suckling pig) cost 50 
to 60 Kreuzer in 1860. Despite the rather low prices, very few in the village 
were able to afford buying enough meat for eating, as money was lacking 
everywhere. Those who - on top of this - still frequented the inns, lost 
house and farm ("Haus und Hof"). This fate happened to Andreas Gröller of 
house no. 51 who had a large farm but eventually died in the hospice for the 
poor of Güssing. [Gotzy and Zach also lost their properties the same way.]

During the winter months of the years 1860 to 1870, military were quartered 
in Poppendorf, namely, Dragoons and Uhlans. Their riding school was at the 
brickyard near the arboretum [?], where the community grazing meadows 
("Hutweiden") are today. There were two kinds of inns (Gasthäuser) in the 
village, firstly the inn owned by the domain which was leased by the land 
holder (Herrschaft), and secondly the village inns which the village 
community had leased out, and which had the right to pour (serve) wine from 
October to April.

The night watch was carried out by a "Nachwächter" (night watchman) (a note 
suggests the possible name Hahn for this man) who was hired by the village 
and armed with a halberd ("Hellebarde," a kind of lance) which is still kept 
today in the vulgo Ruster house. The night watchman had the duty to be on the 
road from 9 PM to 4 AM, and cry out each full hour, by singing a short rhyme 
as follows. "Meine Herren und Frauen lasst euch sagen, der Hammer der hat xx 
geschlagen. Gebt Acht aufs Feuer und aufs Licht, damit euch der liebe Gott 
behüat. Hat xx geschlagen. Gelobt sei Jesus Christus." (Translation: 
Gentlemen and ladies let me tell you, the hammer of the clock has struck the 
hour of xx. Take good care of fire and light, so that the Lord may protect 
you. It is xx o'clock. Praised be Jesus Christ.)

The postal service first operated from Heiligenkreuz, but came to Eltendorf 
in the year 18xx (Adolf apparently did not know the exact year when he wrote 
the draft). The first postmaster was J. Nikitscher. Several times a week, a 
mail carrier went from Poppendorf to Eltendorf. The first mail carrier was 
the Herzlieb Nädl ("the old Herzlieb"), a 70-year old granny.

The first notary was a Radó from Minihof. He was succeeded by Rudolf 
Ebenspanger in 1871. Previously, the writing duties were carried out by the 
teacher, and/or by the overseer ("Mahr") of the manor farm who was capable of 
reading and writing. In the year 1872 the land of the village was 
"comassiert" (see meaning above).

(This ends the contiguous text of Adolf's draft for the section covering 1848 
to 1872, and thus the entire, clearly unfinished, manuscript. However, his 
papers contain an additional loose leaf as follows:) With the abolition of 
the Leibeigenschaft (bondage), the tithe supposedly been abolished too. 
However, the aristocratic land holders (in this case, the counts Draskovits) 
nevertheless demanded the tithe. This enraged the farmers and they did not 
want to hand over the tithe. In Poppendorf, it was Schlener, house no. 47, 
who dissuaded the people from paying the tithe. He also managed to get the 
people of Zahling (village north of Eltendorf) on his side. The district 
judge ("Stuhlrichter," the highest civil servant of the district) arrived 
from Güssing with the intention to settle the conflict. In this case, 
however, the story goes that the people of Zahling locked the district judge 
into a pigsty and roughed him up with pumpkins. Now military was called in, 
and all the leaders and instigators received 25 (with the cane) on their 
posteriors. The old Angerhacker (family Hacker who perhaps lived at the 
village border -- the "Anger"?) of house no. 39 also got his 25 laid on. As 
for Schlener, he had been hiding in the bed of Schabhüttl, house no. 60, but 
was betrayed. The Pandurs (a military formation of southeastern Hungary, 
originally set up for small-scale warfare during the TurkishWars of the 17th 
and early 18th century, but later onwards evidently used to quell civil 
disturbances) surrounded the house, some of them entered it, and found 
Schlener in the bed under the straw. He was carried to the castle of Olmütz 
(now Olomouc in the Czech Republic) and nothing was ever heard from him again.

(Another loose leaf seems to note the first appearance in certain documents 
(perhaps the parish records) of family names of Poppendorf. Some of the names 
are underlined, i.e., probably the names that still existed in the village in 
the early 20th century. In the following transcript, these underlined names 
are enclosed by slashes:)

1717: /Drauch/, /Koller/, /Gröller/, /Weinhofer/, /Gibiser/, /Medl Michael/, 
/Jany/, /Hans Homer/, /Josef Gerger/, /Berghold/, Klananzky, Weidinger 
Mathias, Scholl

1718: /Juschiz/, Popposchüz, Niklisch, Brunner (?), Hos Matthias, /Spitzer/, 
Dromor, Schram, Loibenpöck, /Zach/, Milner, Lacker

1720: /Bosch/, Lacky Andreas, Leiner, /Unger Andreas/, Eberhard Georg, 
Simonich, Plaukovisch Andreas, Schaukovitsch Michl, Nikischer Stöffel 
(Stefan), Laschiz Georg, Golles Michl, Praunstein, Matthias Jakis, Maas(t) 
Jakob, /Gamler Michel/

1723: Jaundl, Chatharina (?), /Stelze(r)/, Schräml Michl, Latzer (?) Georg, 
Schmid Stöffl, /Pauman Josef/, Stary Andre, Georgy Rassner, /Zwikl Jacob/, 
Breiner Michl, /Scheme(l) Adam/, /Zieger Josef/, Hos Michl, Neubauer

1725: Michl (Mühl?), Schwarz Hany, Georg Fenz, Told Christian, Catharina 
Plaizer, Niklos Hoss, /Schabidl Georg/

1726: /Tautsch Stöffl/, Schröml Mihel, /Schlener/, Krauthobl Mihel, 
/Foanadl/, /Jamell/, Hexerei, Maaxl, Mödl (??)
(End of Translation)

ED. Comment: I consider this one of our more important articles. It is the 
first time that we have offered a translation of a locally written, 
unpublished historical village document. I hope more of these may be found 
but it is unlikely that many have been written, much less survived. Given 
some 400 Burgenland villages, many have not published a history. Poppendorf 
has been mentioned in some of the surrounding village histories (i.e. 
Eltendorf, "200 Jahre Evangelische Pfarrgemeinde A. B. Eltendorf) but it has 
never had its own history addressed. Our deep appreciation to Fritz 
Königshofer for, one-finding this manuscript and two-translating it into 
English.  The fact that it has my own paternal village as a subject is reward 
enough for my work with the Burgenland Bunch. Thank you Fritz!

Newsletter continues as no. 113C

Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 113C dtd. Dec. 31, 2002
Date: Tue, 31 Dec 2002 08:08:06 EST

(Issued monthly by
December 31, 2002
(c) 2002 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved

This fourth section of our 4-section newsletter contains:

1. Searching For A Town?-various
2. Xmas Greetings From Original BB Member-Eric Kumbusch
3. Burgenland Immigrant From Uruguay-Albert Schuch
4. Burgenland In Former Days (Part 5, continued from 111)-Gerhard Lang

1. SEARCHING FOR A TOWN? (various members)

As previously stated, when I started the BB, one of the most pressing reasons 
was to locate the various villages of origin of immigrant ancestors. The 
Burgenland inhabitants; however, were not restricted solely to the confines 
of today's border, so we do get occasional spill over into the surrounding 
locales. We take pride in being able to locate any of today's Burgenland 
villages regardless of their name in other languages. We are not so good 
about identifying those in nearby countries. When we strike out, we call for 
help. Here is another case in point.  If you are having trouble we can help 
you, just don't go too far a field-stay in Central Europe!

*From: (Janet Alesauskas)

I am searching for a town by the name of Ballac, Austria.  This is the Place 
of Residence listed on the ship manifest for my relative Karolina Schweitzer 
arriving in the US on May 11, 1914.   I have checked my resources and have 
been unable to locate it. 

*Answer from BB:  No such place in Austria-nor can I find a Hungarian 
village. Possible it could be a Czech or Slovenian village. Might also be a 
bad spelling. I've copied some of our people to see if they can help. G. 

*Fritz Königshofer replies: Dear "birder," According to the Ellis Island 
record you refer to, the entire Ellis Island immigration party in 1914 
comprised Franz Schweitzer, 25, a baker, his wife Karolina, 24, and two 
children, Emma, age 2, and Alma, age 4 months.  The children are listed as US 
citizens, i.e., it appears that this family had lived in the US before, but 
went back to the old country, and then again came to the USA.

The same manifest states that the group was going to join the father of 
Karolina, a P. Schweitzer, who lived in Chicago.  As the closest relative 
back in the home country, they listed Peter Schweitzer, father of Franz, in 
Ballac. The data in the manifest suggest that Karolina's maiden name had also 
been Schweitzer, just as her married name.

The birthplace of the group of four is listed as something like Ballaczam in 
Bukovina.  As Anna Kresh has pointed out, this information points to the old 
Austrian Crownland of Bukovina which today is divided between Ukraine and 
Romania.  When you go to the web site posted by Hannes Graf at and download the map of Bukovina, 
you will find a place called Ballaczana to the west of the city of Suczawa in 
the southern part of the Crownland.  Therefore, I would guess, this location 
must be in Romania today.  You may want to contact Beth Long, a frequent 
helpful responder to questions on various boards, as she is familiar with the 
options to search records of former Bukovina.  Beth's e-mail address is .

*Beth Long answers: Hi All, Evangelisch (Lutheran) Parish records of 
Balaczana (1867-1924) have been microfilmed by the LDS, and you can rent the 
films at your local LDS Family History Center. Familienbuch 1900-1929 
(Illischestie) Familienbuch 1867-1924 (Balaczana)  FHL INTL Film 1768077 Item 
Possibly records previous to 1867 are to be found together with those of 
Illischestie, for which it was an affiliate parish. If your ancestors were 
Roman Catholics, let me know, and I will see if I can find the location of 
those records.

Hi Again, In a book I have about Illischestie, I found the following (loosely 
translated from German);

Emigrated (from Illischestie) to Balaceana (Balaczana):
1. Schweizer Jakob, son of Johann, born Nov. 23, 1844
2. Schweizer Catharina, daughter of Johann, b. Sept. 24, 1852
3. Schweizer Peter, born March 3, 1831, together with three family members.


It seems so long ago (1996) that I heard from the first Austrian BB members. 
One was Eric Kumbusch, a resident of Vienna with origins in the Burgenland. 
We met Eric and his wife at the BG picnic in 2001 at Moschendorf. The 
Kumbusch family travel a lot and are ardent ski fans. Eric also raises bees 
for honey. He writes:

We wish you and your wife a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year and of 
course health. I read a little in your great BB homepage and found very good 
house lists. But I missed the Klucsarits in Kroatisch Tschantschendorf !! My 
first Klucsarits in Kroatisch Tschantschendorf  is Josef Klucsarits in house 
number 18   born  02-April 1834 . His father born 1813 in  GroßMürbisch .(10 
miles away). Josef's son was born in Kroatisch Tschantschendorf Nr. 20 and 
the whole line till 1994 was born or living in this house. After 1994 the 
house was unfortunately sold (before we did genealogy ! of course) moved, and 
is now in the museum of Gerersdorf. It was proven that it was built 1794 
(sign inside at the main wooden rafter). 
Petra, Margit and Erich Kumbusch

(ED. Note: I have known so many BB correspondents over the years. When first 
they join, I hear from them frequently, later as their questions get answered 
or they stop researching family history they fade away. I like to think they 
continue to visit our Homepage and read our newsletters. The above indicates 
they may be doing just that. Always nice to hear from an old member.)


I thought you might be interested in the following, which was published in 
the weekly BF (Burgenländische Freiheit) on 11 December 2002 (shortened 

Visit To The Old Homeland

Eva Vasen - who was born and grew up in Bad Tatzmannsdorf - came from Uruguay 
to see the old homeland once again after 64 years.

Her father Fritz Vasen served as confidential clerk for the Kurbad AG between 
the two World Wars. As a co-founder of the local football team (1923) he 
organized shirts and shorts for the players from the Viennese team "Vienna". 
Their colours blue-yellow have been worn by the players of the FC Bad
Tatzmannsdorf ever since. The untroubled childhood of Eva and her older 
sister ended with the takeover of the National Socialists. In June 1938 the 
Jewish family emigrated to Uruguay.

They managed to make a living in Montevideo, where Eva Vasen still lives with 
her sons. Now the three of them visited mother's old home during a trip to 
Europe. Touring the spa Ms. Vasen was amazed by all the changes. From the 
days of her childhood only the "Big Castle" (Grosses Kastell) had survived. 
Her family had lived there in the first floor.

Continued From Newsletter 111.)

Father Leopold, Part V - Childhood: Großhöflein
In August 1920 we left Petronell, moving to Großhöflein, my father's home. 
There I spent my childhood and my youth. Großhöflein, the home of my 
Prizelitz ancestors became my home too. Now a short explanation for the 
spelling of my name PRI-ZEL-ITZ. As I always say, for a German, I've got a 
Croatian name with Hungarian spelling. "PRISEL" in Croatian language means 
"the arrived, the abutting owner" (neighbor?). "-ITZ" means the "abutting 
owner's son". Linguisticly correct, the name had to be written as PRISELITZ. 
My parents and relatives spelled their names like that. I too used to write 
my name like that till I left school. Why the "Z" instead of the "S" in my 
name? That's  the Hungarian spelling. The home of my ancestors belonged to 
Hungary until 1921. There the "soft" S between the vowels "I" and "E" is 
written as "Z". Therefore the name of my ancestors is spelled as "PRIZELITZ" 
in the Großhöflein baptismal-records. When I took my School Leaving Exams at 
the Viennese College of Education in 1933, I had to show a certificate of 
baptism. Father's name was shown there as PRIZELITZ and since then I spell my 
name like that, though my parents and relatives still use the spelling 
"PRISELITZ". This spelling also can be found on my parents' tombstone. In 
Großhöflein often "PLIZALITZ" can be also be found.

At Großhöflein I started Elementary School with the 2nd grade. In our 
schoolbag we had a slate - therefore the children of the 1st and 2nd grade 
were called "Taferlklassler" ("Slate-graders" - is that a correct 
translation?) - with a sponge and a frazzle(?) and a stylus in the 
"Federbixel" (pencil case). What a difference from the heavy schoolbags of 
today's pupils. I remember how I wrote my name in "Deutsch-Kurrent" 
(German-current letters) "PRISALITZ". Our mistress for 1st and 2nd grade was 
called "Maltschi-Tante" (Aunt Maltschi), Josef Bruch was teacher for the 3rd 
and 4th grade, and "Oberlehrer" ("head-teacher") Weninger for the sixth form. 
Priest Julius Pollak taught religion. A few years later he became provost at 
Eisenstadt-Oberberg. He was a typical  Hungarian, a little small and chubby 
but rather draconic. He was followed by Anton Lehner as priest and teacher 
for religion. We had our daily classes from 8 - 11 a.m. and from 1 - 3 p.m. 
There were no classes on Thursday. During vintage there were 14 days of 
Holidays for gathering the grapes.

In 1920 my father became Großhöflein's "Konsum-market" manager. Close to the 
shop we had a little flat, consisting of kitchen and bed chamber. Our 
neighbor as a "Halbwirt" was the "Großbauer" (farmer) Josef Sailer. In 
Großhöflein  (most farmhouses were built that way) two houses had a common 
yard, therefore the name "Halb(Half)wirt". In the middle of the yard was a 
small trench to run the waters off. As the yard between the houses often was 
rather narrow, there were often difficulties between the both "Halbwirten" in 
using the yard. (To be continued)

Matthias Artner, part V - The 1st Austrian Repbulic
Dr. Kurt Schuschnigg followed Dr. Dollfuß as Federal Chancellor. He continued 
his predecessor's ways. He too was not successful in solving the domestic 
problems. The National-Socialist continued their assaults, more then ever. 
When Hitler developed the plan to annex Austria, Schuschnigg tried to hold 
him off. He met Hitler on Feb. 12, 1938 for a personal parley.  Hitler put 
the screws to him, demanded his resignation and wanted Seyß-Inquart to form a 
new administration. To avoid bloodshed, Schuschnigg gave up the 
administration to Seyß-Inquart on March, 11.
A few elderly people in our village remember this well and how shocked they 
were when the lads marched through the village in their boots, bawling battle 
songs. They still remember the parades  in our village and the great 
demonstration at Eisenstadt's Osterwiese, that torch-procession shouting 
"Heil-Hitler". The takeover by the National-Socialists' leader Dr. Portschy 
at Eisenstadt was celebrated in front of Eisenstadt's Landhaus 
(Government-building) in an imposing manner. On March 12, 1938 German troops 
crossed the border and Austria and the First Republic ended as autonomous 
state. (Within only 25 years Burgenländers changed their citizenship three 

After the annexation of Austria, Hitler executed a "Plebiscite of 
Reunification of Austria to the German Reich. Their was only one vote against 
it in Großhöflein - because no one had enough courage to counter the 
propaganda drumfire of NSDAP (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei 
- National Socialistic German Labor Party). The National Socialists broke up 
the RC Lads-Club and the Girls' Bund on March 16, 1938 and confiscated all 
their money. The church was closed and raided, priest and bishops were 
pressured, the schools were changed (at Großhöflein in Sept. 1938) and the 
priests were laid off from school-service. The ones, who preached against the 
party were arrested and  jailed  by the Gestapo. A complete control network 
was set up, house searches and detentions were the daily order, there were no 
independent courts and everything was administered by the Nazis. 

WWII and its end
>From the beginning of WWII, economic life was reduced to supporting the war 
effort. Harvesting (potatoes, wheat etc) by the farmers was rigorously 
controlled; stockpiling and black-marketing incurred severe punishment. 
Pupils had to collect medicinal herbs, breed silkworms and help with the 
harvest. The harder the economic situation became, the more inhuman became 
the system. The women had to do hard work, make difficult decisions and cope 
with the war situation. At the end of the war, endless columns of famished 
refugees trekked  through the villages followed by the beaten army. It was 
uncertain how long this would last. Wives had to decide whether to go along 
with the soldiers and leave house and yard, or stay at home and suffer war, 
possible destruction, persecution and death. Many stayed home! Valuables, 
food, clothing and valuables were hidden before the Russians came, many 
things were buried in the soil of cellars and barns, into straw piles; even 
manure piles served as hiding places. But people believed in survival. (To be 


BURGENLAND BUNCH STAFF (USA unless designated otherwise)
Coordinator & Editor Newsletter: (Gerald J. Berghold) 
Burgenland Editor: (Albert Schuch; Austria) 
Home Page Editor: (Hap Anderson)
Internet/URL Editor: (Anna Tanczos Kresh)

Contributing Editors:
Austro/Hungarian Research: (Fritz Königshofer)
Burgenland Co-Editor & BG liaison: (Klaus Gerger, 
Burgenland Lake Corner Research: (Dale Knebel)
Chicago Burgenland Enclave: (Tom Glatz)
Croatian Burgenland: , (Frank Teklits)
Home Page village lists,, (Bill Rudy)
Home Page surname lists: (Tom Steichen)
Home Page membership list:, (Hannes Graf, Austria)
Judaic Burgenland: (Maureen Tighe-Brown)
Lehigh Valley Burgenland Enclave: (Robert Strauch)
Western US BB Members-Research: (Bob Unger)
WorldGenWeb -Austria, RootsWeb Liason-Burgenland: (Charles 
Wardell, Austria)

BB ARCHIVES (can be reached via Home Page hyperlinks) or a simple search 
facility (enter date or number of newsletter desired) at:

BURGENLAND HOME PAGE (WEB SITE) (also provides access to Burgenländische 
Gemeinschaft web site.)



The BB is in contact with the Burgenländische Gemeinschaft, Hauptplatz 7, 
A-7540 Güssing, Burgenland, Austria.

Burgenland Bunch Newsletter distributed courtesy of (c) 1999, 
Inc. P.O. Box 6798, Frazier Park, CA 93222-6798 

Newsletter and List Rights Reserved. Permission to Copy Granted; Provide 
Credit and Mention Source.

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