|The Burgenland Bunch Genealogy Group|
Genealogists researching the multi-ethnic heritage of the Burgenland of Austria and adjoining areas of former West Hungary.
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 115 dtd Feb. 28, 2003
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 2003 08:03:14 EST
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 115 DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY (Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com) February 28, 2003 (c) 2003 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved) RECIPIENTS PLEASE READ: You are receiving this email because you are a BB member or have asked to be added to our distribution list. If you wish to discontinue these newsletters, email Gberghold@AOL.com with message "remove". ("Cancel" will cancel membership, homepage listings and mail.) Send address and listing changes to the same place. Sign your email with your full name and include BB in the subject line. Send no attachments or graphics unless well known to me. Please keep changes to a minimum. To join the BB, see our homepage. We can't help with non-Burgenland family history. Appropriate comments and articles are appreciated. Our staff and web site addresses are listed at the end of newsletter section "C". Introductions, notes and articles without a by-line are written by the editor and reflect his views. Please exchange data in a courteous and cooperative manner-not to do so defeats the purpose of our organization. This first section of our 4-section newsletter includes: 1. The Downside Of The Internet 2. Meaning Of "Erben" On Church Records 3. Church Of St. Agnes, St. Paul, MN 4. Taste Of The Burgenland-Strudel Availability 5. Update Your Listing! 6. One Thousand BB Member Countdown! 7. Join The Burgenländische Gemeinschaft-Tom Glatz Writes 8. St. Agnes, St. Paul, MN Book Review Reply-Dale Knebel 9. Eisenstadt Jewish Ghetto Family Reply 10. Southernmost Burgenland Lutheran Parish 1. THE DOWNSIDE OF THE INTERNET-NEVER FROM THE BURGENLAND BUNCH The internet is a wonderful place wherein you can find answers and information ad infinitum. All of this at no charge, however there is a down side. Commercial firms or websites looking for contacts can harvest your address and flood you with email advertising. This can also lead to phone calls and surface mail if they use your email address and name as an entry point to find your telephone number and residence. At its worst, they can also sell this data to other firms and the resultant mail can reach epic proportions. I was involved in doing some financial work for our local church expansion. Being a retired finance person I could have done some calculations by dusting off my computer software or calculators, but I made the mistake of going to the internet to use some loan projection tools in preparing some church financial possibilities. I now receive many emails from loan institutions, phone calls day and night and tons of surface mail. All I wanted to do was calculate some loan projections. I won't make this mistake again. I really should have known better. I once replied to pornography Spam asking to be un-subscribed. That's all that site needed, they knew they had a live contact and now I receive pornographic solicitations from everywhere. I must be on hundreds of lists. If I was not the coordinator of the Burgenland Bunch, I could change my email address or server, but to do so would negate all of the BB contact data I've spread throughout the net, so I'm really stuck (I am aware of the use of Spam filters). Be assured that when you contact us, we will not forward your address to commercial organizations or send you advertising. You will only receive our introductory email plus our newsletters. Of course you may hear from people reading our lists and hopefully they will share family history data with you. Address harvesters can also raid our lists so you may wish to use some sort of email filter. Just be careful when you search the net-there are all sorts of critters out there just waiting to harvest your address and preferences. 2. MEANING OF ERBEN ON CHURCH RECORDS Question from the query board: My parents came from Moschendorf. In looking at the house list of 1858 there are several Matyas names that have "Erben" after the given name. It appears to be a middle name, but other than Witwe which I think is "widow" there are no others, only Erben. Does it mean something or is it a family middle name? Fritz Königshofer replies: Erben means "heirs," i.e., what you read seems to say the house of the "heirs of xxx" This heritage can date back several generations. House names had a way of continuing, see the many vulgo names (house names named after owners of long ago). 3. CHURCH OF ST. AGNES, ST. PAUL, MN In response to our book review of the records of the church of St. Agnes, St. Paul, MN: Jim Seifert email@example.com writes: I was pleased to read about St. Agnes Parish in the Burgenland -Newsletter (see newsletter no. 114B-2) . In 1864 Fr.Trobec was recruited by Fr. Francis Pirc along with Fr. Berghold and other priestly candidates to serve the Minnesota missions. Fr. Berghold was ordained that same year by Bishop Grace of the Diocese of St. Paul. The first bishop of the New Ulm Diocese, Bishop Alphonse Schladweiler was pastor of St. Agnes at the time of his appointment. St. Agnes is a very beautiful church. It is quite traditional, with many of its Masses still being read in Latin. The priest says Mass with his back to the congregation. Msgr. Richard Schuler, its former pastor and still the music director will have professional musicians perform Masses by the great composers on a weekly basis. We attended one just recently. It was magnificent. Msgr. Schuler traveled to Mooskirchen (Styria) in 1957 with Msgr. Walter Peters a friend of his and formerly of New Ulm for the purpose of visiting Fr.Berghold's grave. In fact Msgr. Peters had been there twice. I visited with Msgr. Schuler about this trip hoping he might have information regarding their visit. But sadly he had nothing. Various people including myself have tried to find Msgr. Peters possessions hoping they might contain information pertaining to Fr. Berghold. No luck. Msgr.Peters was a Professor of Theology at the Univ.of St. Thomas in St. Paul and grew up in the shadow of Holy Trinity Parish in New Ulm, which Fr. Berghold founded.. 4. TASTE OF THE BORDERLAND-RAISED STRUDEL AVAILABILITY ED. Note: We've had replies concerning where raised strudel can be obtained: Hi, this is firstname.lastname@example.org and I would like to answer your question about where to get good nut and poppy rolls. There is a bakery in Munhall, Pennsylvania that ships them. Everyone says that they taste just like their grandmother's. At holiday time, you have a hard time getting them unless you have pre-ordered. The name of the bakery is A & B bakery at 512-514 East Eighth Avenue. Munhall, Pennsylvania, 15120. The phone number is 412-462-2322. Ask for Armand and he will explain everything to you. They have shipped everywhere but they only ship at the beginning of December because that is the only time they can make sure everyone receives them. They are closed on Mondays and they only work a half day on Sundays. JGutleber@compuserve.com I just read my latest newsletter and I saw the query from Canada for baked goods. There is a place in Bath, PA that ships these items. Every year I send a gift pack to my relatives in Florida for Christmas and they can't wait to get it. You can contact the bakery at kifflekitchen.com. Thanks for the great newsletter Joe Gutleber 5. UPDATE YOUR LISTING! As I review our homepage lists, I notice that in many cases, individual listings are not complete as to where immigrant ancestors settled. We ask for this data when enrolling new members but not everyone complies. Perhaps at the time they don't know or are not sure. When you do find where their immigrants settled we should be advised. This is a most important piece of information and supplies a very good clue for those searching for family links. We suggest that you visit the BB homepage, click on "Surname Lists" and check your family listing. If place settled is blank and you now know the data, please advise by sending an email to me Gberghold@aol.com, subject "BB Updated Data." Furnish your full name, family name as listed and the terse statement "place settled was city and state." We will then update your listing. 6. ONE THOUSAND BB MEMBER COUNTDOWN! Visiting the BB homepage on Feb. 25, I noticed that our member list now has 993 members (about 46 are inactive). We are ardently awaiting that 1000th member. Who will it be? 7. JOIN THE BURGENLÄNDISCHE GEMEINSCHAFT-TOM GLATZ WRITES (Tom Glatz- BB Corresponding Editor, Chicago Enclave writes:) I have recently agreed to take on the role of membership chairman for the local Burgenländische Gemeinschaft in Chicago. I am taking this opportunity to invite all Burgenland Bunch members, especially those living in the Chicago area, to become members. Many of our present members are getting on in years and we would welcome new members. The cost of membership is only $15.00 (per year) and will help keep our oldest surviving Austrian organization in Chicago and America alive. The newsletters are interesting and written in German and English. In Chicago we have had annual dances which we hope to revive soon. I encourage all Burgenland Bunch members to join. For further information I can be reached at email@example.com. My phone number is 773-239-6523. My address is 2452 W. 111th St. Chicago, IL 60655. I first became a member of the Gemeinschaft in 1981 after learning about it, during a trip to Austria in 1980, from the wife of a cousin living in Lockenhaus. However I did not get active until 1990. At that time I started going to the meetings at Sauhammel's Tavern in Chicago. I think the group was quite surprised to think a third generation Burgenland American would have interest in such a group. Genealogy and history was definitely something they were completely unfamiliar with! I don't think they knew what to do with me at the time. Despite living in different towns, I became acquainted with Bob Strauch (now Allentown BG representative as well as BB corresponding editor). We were perhaps the only later generation members of the Gemeinschaft at that time. I think being with the last of the Burgenland immigrants in Chicago is a treasured experience! (ED. Note: I too became aware of the BG in 1993 during a visit to Austria. I now write English language articles for their bi-monthly news as does Bob Strauch and Burgenland editor Albert Schuch. Klaus Gerger, BB Burgenland Co-editor is now BG-BB liaison. BB Member Inge Schuch translates BG German articles into English for their website (see http://go.to/burgenland-bunch -click on Burgenlandische Gemeinschaft). Chicago BB members can benefit from local social activities as well as receiving the BG magazine (mailed from Güssing, Austria) and scanning their website. Who knows, you may even meet a distant cousin or eventually attend the annual BG picnic in Moschendorf. ) 8. ST. AGNES CHURCH-ST. PAUL, MN BOOK REVIEW REPLY-from Dale Knebel BB News No. 114B dtd Jan. 31, 2003 included Burgenland Immigrants Of St. Paul, MN-Book Revue. Dale writes: The book arrived today and it is indeed an invaluable addition to any collection. I have been buzzing through it. I am impressed with her (author) spelling of the names, knowing how difficult some of these records are to read. Is she a Burgenlander or a Bohemian? I found one record that I have sought for a long time. I was quite certain it was at St. Agnes but didn't have any success in getting it. It all depends on the church workers and whether or not they have any interest in genealogy. Whenever I wrote to St. Paul Churches, I had a list of 5 that had Burgenlanders. The author mentions 3 of those. I forwarded one entry to Dave Engstrom, noting where I found it. He e-mailed back that he attended St. Agnes High School. He also said that St Agnes still does one Latin High Mass every Sunday morning Frogtown is one of the St. Paul neighborhoods tha has come under siege of hookers, gangs, and drug dealers. I found an article from the Minnapolis Star-Tribune that explains it. You'll find it at http://www.startribune.com/stories/417/3427753.html * Pat Gangl Dolan also writes: Thanks so much for your book review in the last issue of the Burgenland Bunch Newsletter. I ordered the book and found several family members listed there. I greatly appreciate all the work the BB does on behalf of genealogical research. I'd be lost without you! 9. EISENSTADT JEWISH GHETTO FAMILY REPLY Subj:Re: BB News No. 114 dtd Jan. 31, 2003 , From:Mehadrin@aol.com Above newsletter includes the following article from a BB member in Australia: "Many, many times I asked my mother to whom this house belongs and where the people were???? I always got the same answer: "I don't know it - and nobody else does. Maybe they are in Palestine or somewhere else. I just hope they are out of danger because they had to flee." "The name Luria and their general store was talked about a lot after the war for a long time. I remember that. My mother knew the family and all the old people did so, too, but slowly, all of them died. My mother also remembers that Alexander Luria died before the war and he is buried at the Jewish cemetery in Eisenstadt." Rabbi A. Marmorstein writes: As our Australian reader is certainly aware, her family fled in 1938 because of the Anschluss and Nazi persecution, some survived and some did not. Luria is a very ancient Jewish family that included many prominent rabbis and scholars and can trace their ancestry back to the middle ages. There may also be other members of the family in the two books that have been written about the Jewish cemeteries in Eisenstadt, one records all the tombstones in the old cemetery and the other records those in the new cemetery (beginning in the early 19th century). They are both available in specialized Jewish libraries everywhere. 10. SOUTHERN MOST BURGENLANDLUTHERAN PARISH In a message dated 1/31/03, JanGns writes: You say that Muhlgraben was the southern most Lutheran parish. Do you mean that the church at Neuhaus, which also served the villages of Muhlgraben, Minihof-Liebau and Tauka, was the southern most Lutheran church? Answer: Yes-Neuhaus was the Lutheran parish for the villages mentioned. The church was at Neuhaus (Hungarian Dobra-which had 390 Lutheran members)-there were 389 in Muhlgraben and 171 Catholics-making it almost a Lutheran village. Neuhaus had 380 Catholics as well with a Catholic church, making it a split village. Tuka had no Lutherans and the Minihofs had very few. Numbers are from 1873 Hungarian gazetteer. It would have been better if I had said-the Lutheran Parish of Neuhaus was the southern most which included the villages mentioned. <<You may know this but the church at Neuhaus came out with a small history of the church a couple of years ago. Unfortunately those of us who are ignorant of German, can only read names and look at dates and pictures. If some volunteer wanted to translate into English for the Newsletter, some of us would be pleased.>> No I did not know-while I couldn't get the whole book translated-I'd be glad to provide an English language synopsis and review in the newsletter. Could it be copied and sent to me? Newsletter continues as 115A.
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 115A dtd Feb. 28, 2003
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 2003 08:03:56 EST
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 115A DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY (Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com) Feb. 28, 2003 (c) 2003 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved) This second section of our 4-section newsletter includes: 1. Lutheran Church In Bernstein 2. First Immigrant Family From Breitenbrunn? 3. Artinger Request From Norway 1. LUTHERAN CHURCH IN BERNSTEIN Christine Zumpf Mosteika -firstname.lastname@example.org: My grandfather (Johann Zumpf) attended a Lutheran Church in Chicago when I was a child... In this church were many people he knew from "the old country" as he called it. There was a large group from the Dreihutten area of Austria and they were all Lutheran and not Roman Catholic. Is there a Lutheran church in Bernstein that you are aware of ? My guess would be that if they all attended a Lutheran Church when they moved to the U.S. it would be the same religion they had in Austria. Do you know how to contact this Lutheran Church ? You mention a Reformed Church in Oberwart and I wonder if that is what the Lutheran religion is called in Austria? Also you talked of LDS Microfilm. Where would I find this LDS microfilm? Is it in Vienna in a government office? What does LDS mean or stand for? Must I be in Austria to look at this microfilm or do they have someone that can research it for a fee? I guess I do not understand what you mean when you say "Best to scan the LDS microfilm at any of their family history centers (have to be ordered)-cost is postage-see what we say about the LDS records." When you say it has to be ordered... do you mean I must call ahead if I want to go look at the microfilm or do you mean I can actually order a copy of the microfilm to be sent to me here in America? Answer: There are a number of Lutheran churches in the Burgenland. There is one in Bernstein and it serves Stuben, Dreihütten, Rettenbach, and Redschlag as well. Most Protestant German speakers were Lutheran (about 12% of Burgenland is still Lutheran) while Protestant Hungarian speakers were Reformed or Calvinist. It looks like you are not checking our homepage lists and you should really do so. Albert's List has the above information for all villages-look for Bernstein (Bezirk Oberwart-from pre 1921 Bezirk Köszeg) on page 9. Like wise, we have much information concerning the LDS (Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints) or Mormon church. They have much family history data, which they gladly share. You must visit one of their family history centers-the internet address will tell you where or check your phonebook-Click on the LDS address found in our Internet Links. You can then visit and order microfilm by numbers 0700654-0700655 (in your case ) for births, marriages, deaths 1828-1896 and 0665240-0665243 for civil records (same data) for 1896-1921. When it arrives you can read it on their readers. First read the articles in our newsletter archives (hosted by Roots Web)-search for LDS-which will tell you how to use their material. With this data you can trace your Lutheran family to the late 1700's in the Bernstein area. We're happy to answer questions but with almost a 1000 members we must ask you to check our files before sending a query. I'd suggest you scan each homepage section and get acquainted with the material we offer. You will then get up to speed and know where to find things. Of course if you get confused, we'll be glad to help. Writing Burgenland churches is always iffy as to results even if you write in German (strongly suggested). You will do much better and get more family information if you scan the LDS microfilm of your village church records. Nonetheless the address of the Lutheran Church in Bernstein is: Evangelisches Pfarramt AB Haupstrasse 46 A 7434 Bernstein Austria 2. FIRST IMMIGRANT FAMILY FROM BREITENBRUNN-Bobbi Huiting, Albert Schuch, Gerry Berghold *In a message dated 2/1/03, Bobbi (Huitingthefamily@aol.com) writes: My name is Bobbi Huiting, Kimberly Wisconsin. I am researching the surnames, RESCH, GUTMAN, HOLTZAPFL, and JOBST. They originated in BREITENBRUNN, AUSTRIA. JOSEPH and THERESIA RESCH came to the US in 1855 and settled in WISCONSIN. *Gerry Berghold replies: If the Resch family came to the US in 1855, they would be one of the first Burgenland immigrants from the district of Eisenstadt to America. We would like to be certain, as we are compiling a record of the first immigrants from each of the four hundred plus Burgenland towns and villages. Can you support the 1855 date with any evidence? We would be very appreciative of knowing where you acquired that date. Have you been able to secure this date from naturalization papers, ship's manifest, tax records, family correspondence etc? Please forward your reply to me as well as to Burgenland editor Albert Schuch at email@example.com *Bobbi replies: Thank you very much for timely reply. I hope that by being a member of the Bugenland Bunch, I will be able to uncover some new leads in my family research. This is what I have about Joseph and Theresia Resch coming to America. I have a copy of the record from the Milwaukee circuit court in which Joseph became a citizen. It was dated October 30, 1856, and it says he landed in the port of New York on or about the month of June in the year 1855. I also have a partial ship manifest with their names. They came on the ship Mimi on June 22, 1855 (I don't know if this is the date they left the port or the day they arrived in New York.) Their embarkation port was Bremen. I have some papers that apparently Theresia was keeping, of records of the birth of her children. The original papers were written in German. A family member translated these, so I am assuming they were correct. In these papers she has written by both her and Joseph's name, " born in Markt Breitenbrunn in Hungary by the Brook on the Leitha " * Albert Schuch writes: Hello Bobbi, Thanks for your email, which brought to mind some of my earlier correspondence. First, I translated the following for one of our newsletters back in 1998 (slightly shortened and modified below): According to documents on early emigrants found in the Györ-Sopron Archives (Györ-Sopronmegyei levéltar) in Sopron: On 9 Aug 1850 Franz PAYER of Balf (Wolfs, near Sopron), Hungary, 26 y old son of the Lutheran pastor, wrote to the k.k. Bezirkskommissariat in Sopron (Ödenburg) for permission to emigrate to America, where his brother already owned a farm with 160 acres land. The k.k. (kaiserlich-königliches) Bezirkskommissariat granted permission, because: - Franz P. had already served in the army - his home village Wolfs had no objections - his father had no objections, on the contrary, had pledged to provide financial support - he had two younger brothers, so in case the army was in need of soldiers, one of them could replace him. Based on this information the k.k. Distriktsregierung (district government) in Sopron granted permission to emigrate and provided Franz P. with an emigration passport. From 1851 onwards (until ?), those who wished to emigrate had to appear in person at the k.k. Regierungskommissariat in Sopron, where they had to prove their ability to cover the emigration costs by themselves. (ship passage cost Bremen - New York in 1855: 65 silver florins per person, children younger than 10 years paid 57 silver florins, babies younger than one year traveled for free) Before they received the emigration passport, they had to renounce their Austrian citizenship as well as the right to return to Austria. In spring 1855 Johann MARILITSCH, 43 year old bricklayer from Großhöflein, asked for and received permission to emigrate to America. He was married and had 8 children (aged 5 - 17 years, partly from earlier marriages of the couple, so some went by the surname of ROSENITSCH). In March 1852 Franz WALTER, watchmaker from Eisenstadt asked for permission to emigrate with his wife, 1 year old foster-child Samuel FRIEBE and 11 year old adopted child Elisabeth KOPF. His parents and his brothers and sisters had emigrated in 1851. In September 1852 Magdalena KISS from Eisenstadt asked for permission to emigrate to New York. She wanted to marry a cabinet maker from Vienna who had settled there. Emigrants from Purbach: in 1854: Josef TURKOVITS (1854); in 1855: Franz SCHWARZ; Michael HACKSTOCK, 56 years, his wife Elisabeth, 46 years, son Franz, 20, daughter Maria, 10; Paul SCHÜLLER, 33 years, his wife Maria, 30, and their daughter Theresia, 3 years; Paul HUBER, 39 years, his wife (36 y), and 7 children aged 1 - 17 years; Stefan SANDHOFER, 44, his wife Johanna, 41, children Paul (19), Franz (4) and Maria (1). Emigrants from Breitenbrunn in 1855: Josef RESCH, 57 years, his wife Elisabeth, 40 years, their 10 children (3 - 21 years), and one grandchild; Anton HÄNDLER, 26 years, his wife Theresia, 30, and their 3 children (2-6 years); Gregor JANISCH, his wife Kunigunde and their 5 children (5-20 years). Further emigrants in 1855: Matthias STROMER, weaver from Schwendgraben; Josef BAUER from Eisenstadt, 34 years, with wife Veronika; Josef HAIDER from Walbersdorf (his 53 years old brother was already living in America, where he owned 2 houses, 160 Joch farming land and 80 Joch forests; his brother had no heirs), 40 years old; Andreas PILLER, bricklayer from Großhöflein, 14 year old son Franz and 10 year old daughter Theresia; Paul REINER from Purbach, his wife and two children (his brother already in America); (Source for the above: Hans PAUL: Frühe Amerikawanderer unserer Heimat. In: Burgenländische Forschungen. Sonderheft VI. (Festschrift für Karl SEMMELWEIS). Eisenstadt 1981, p.133-151) --- Later I found that Dr. Walter Dujmovits had also viewed the documents quoted by Hans Paul and used them for his doctoral thesis. There he provides birth years for the family: Josef Resch (b. 1797), his wife Theresia (b. 1814), their children Magdalena (b.1834), Michael (b. 1835), Maria (b. 1839), Josefa (b. 1843), Anna (b. 1844), Albert (b. 1846), Josef (b. 1848), Ludwig (b. 1851) and Georg (b. 1852). The family received the permission to emigrate on 8 March 1855. The family had to pay 500 florins to have Michael, the oldest son, released from his military obligations. --- In 1999 and in 2001 I correspondened with Jeanne Smith (of Chandler, Arizona; Email: JS0798@aol.com) The BB-website tells me that she isn't a member right now. She may have been at the time of our correspondence. Jeanne sent me the following additional information: Joseph & Theresia Resch had one child in America Siegmund born February 18, 1861 in Lomira, Dodge county, Wisconsin. Then on the 1880 Census the family was living in Menasha, Winnebago county, Wisconsin, where most of the family lived and died. To this day, 8 generations with an estimate of 500 Resch descendants live in Menasha and the surrounding area, mostly in Winnebago and Outagamie counties of Wisconsin. Interesting note; the oldest son Michael who had to pay to be released from his military obligations, volunteered to serve in the 9th Wisconsin Infantry October 1861 to December 1865 during The Civil War of the United States. He was a farmer before enlisting and a carpenter after. George the youngest son on the passenger list was a cooper (barrel maker) by trade. Jeanne also mentioned Theresia Resch's maiden name was Gutmann and that Josef Resch's parents were Michael Resch and Eva Holtzapfl. I had this story published in two local newspapers and Jeanne mentioned that she was contacted by a resident of Breitenbrunn who had read the article. The name of this person was Silke Spreitzenbarth, her email address was firstname.lastname@example.org The last email I received from Jeanne is dated 26 April 2001. At that time she was thinking about hiring a professional genealogical researcher in Austria. If you do not know her, you may wish to contact her. In case her email address is no longer valid, her postal address was: 3113 N Pennington Dr, Chandler, AZ 85224. 3. ARTINGER REQUEST FROM NORWAY *My name is Willy Fredriksen (email@example.com) and I live in Norway. I have been working on my genealogy for some years. One of the most interesting researches I have been working on is my grandfather's two brothers, Johan Arnt and Gustav Adolf Fredriksen. They left Norway in 1901 and 1907, and nobody still living in my family here in Norway had any information on them. It has been a puzzle that has taken me more than 5 years to solve. What happened to the two brothers, and are there any descendants alive? The last bits in the puzzle suddenly fitted in just some days before last Christmas. I managed to get in contact with some of the descendants of Gustav Adolf, living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. >From my newfound 2nd cousins in Milwaukee, I learned that Gustav married a woman with the name Theresa Artinger. The only information that I have on her so far is that she was born October 16th 1902 in Pennsylvania. She married Gustav in 1924, probably in New York. They had two children, Bert (1925 - 2001) and Raymond (1927 - ) Gustav died in 1939. And Theresa remarried some years later. She died in 1987 in Lakeland Florida. I have tried to find more information on Theresa, but so far no luck. With great interest I read your Burgenland Newsletter in the Rootsweb.com. It is interesting to read about Alois Artinger who came to US in 1901, and later the same year his wife Mary. Alois is the son of Johann and Theresa. I also see that the Artinger family has many relations in Pennsylvania. My question is whether you know anything about Theresa Artinger, who marred Gustav Fredriksen. Is she the daughter of Alois and Mary, and then also your aunt? I would be very glad if you could answer my questions. I would be pleased to share the information on what I have of the family of Theresa and Gustav. Regards from Norway, Willy Fredriksen *To which I replied: My link to the Artinger family is an old one. One of my mother's Sorger line married an Artinger from what is now the village of Inzenhoff (Hungarian name pre 1921 was Borosgodor) in southern Burgenland-district of Güssing. Church (parish) pre 1921 was in Felsoronok, Hungary and the Mormon church has copied these records !828-1896 so it is possible to trace the Artinger family. There was much immigration from this area at the turn of the last century and the Artinger name is well represented in this area in the Burgenland. I enter this family on 27 October 1790 when Georgius Sorger (b 28 Feb 1764) married Ursula Artinger 27 October 1790 in Felsoronok. They had seven children. Her father was Franciscus Artinger (b abt 1727 in Inzenhoff-his wife's name was Catharina). Her brother Janos Artinger married a Maria Solderics and they had at least two sons Istvan and Gyorgy. At this point my records stop. I know nothing about the family migration to the US. Georgius Sorger and his wife later moved to Rosenberg (Güssing) where the Sorger line remained until a few generations after the migration of my grandfather Alois Sorger to Allentown, PA in the United States. I'm sorry I can't link you to Theresa, but you might try the Mormon (LDS) church records. There is also at least one of our members researching this family. See the membership list at our website-http://go.to/burgenland-bunch Newsletter continues as no. 115B.
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 115B dtd Feb. 28, 2003
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 2003 08:04:44 EST
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 115B DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY (Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com) Feb. 28, 2003 (c) 2003 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved) This third section of our 4-section newsletter includes: 1. Burgenland Fasching In The Past? 2. Lehigh Valley, PA Immigrant Deaths 3. Burgenland Food Talk- Pastry 4. Hungarian Lists 5. Use Albert's Village List & Klaus' Maps 6. Would You Answer These Requests? 1. BURGENLAND FASCHING IN THE PAST? Marbaret Kaiser ( Burgenlaenderin@aol.com) asks: Fasching (season) begins on New Year's day and continues until Shrove Tuesday (Mardi Gras). Would anyone be willing to write an article recalling how Fasching was celebrated in the Burgenland area in the last 100 years or so? I heard that in the Roman Catholic areas (perhaps in the Lutheran areas as well) marriages were traditionally performed during Fasching, never during Lent, and not too frequently performed during the rest of the year. Possibly this custom was religious and also reflected the lack of time for such celebrations during a planting season. I have heard of special foods for this season, but don't really know if there were costumes, hi-jinks and parades as there are elsewhere in Europe. (Ed. Comment: I've been in Austria during Fasching and observed the current Mardi Gras spirit which of course duplicates our own New Orleans Mardi Gras festivals. Everyone dresses in some sort of outlandish costume and parades and parties. In Austria there are glittering balls and concerts in major cities and spas. I've seen pictures and videos of the same carnival spirit in Burgenland villages but I don't know of any particular Fasching customs beyond a costume parade. Perhaps some of our members can expand on this. The only thing I remember as a child in Allentown were the special doughnuts (Krapfen) my grandmother would make. This Fasching spirit precedes the 40 day Lenten period (beginning -in the West-with Ash Wednesday) which in the Christian religion is devoted to prayer and fasting as a preparation for Easter. It also has a pre-Christian connection to the Saxon "lencten monath" (March) because in this month the days noticeably begin to lengthen. There probably also were pagan festivals at this time. The idea of a Christian Lenten fast began with 36 days of fasting in the 4th century but was changed in the 7th century to 40 days corresponding to Christ's fast in the wilderness. Our word "carnival" comes from the Latin "caro" -flesh and "levare"-to remove, signifying a period of not eating meat. In other words, have a riotous good time before the advent of Lent. ) 2. LEHIGH VALLEY, PA IMMIGRANT DEATHS (courtesy Bob Strauch) >From The Allentown Morning Call Rose Knable, age 102. No village is mentioned, but I'd suspect, given the Garger-Deutsch name combo, that she came from Strem or a nearby town, such as Deutsch-Bieling, etc. It was just a little over a month ago that Mrs. Legath passed away at 102 as well. http://www.mcall.com/news/obituaries/all-knablerdec11,0,7589706.story December 11, 2002 Rose Knable, 102, of Hellertown, died Dec. 10 in Gracedale, Upper Nazareth Township. She was the wife of the late Henry Knable. Born in Austria, she was a daughter of the late John and Maria (Garger) Deutsch. Alois L. Pammer. Another Burgenländer has passed away at 102. The third one in little over a month. Although Mr. Pammer was born in Vienna, his parents then moved back to Gerersdorf, where he was raised. I notice 3 BB-members (Leschke, Pammer, and Hirtenfelder) with a Pammer connection to Gerersdorf. http://www.mcall.com/news/obituaries/all-pammeradec12,0,4504918.story December 12, 2002 Alois L. Pammer, 102, of Macungie, formerly of Bethlehem, died Dec. 10 in the home of his daughter, Geraldine E. Minner. He was the husband of the late Johanna (Krobath) Pammer. Born in Vienna, Austria, he was a son of the late Alois and Anna (Dragosits) Pammer. 3. BURGENLAND FOOD TALK -PASTRY (from Margaret Kaiser & Bob Strauch) Margaret writes: I was reading an email today where someone mentions "Oehrli (a fried dough that is very light and sprinkled with sugar)" for Carnival? My mother made a wonderful pastry that is thin and deep fried. It has slots cut into it and is twisted into shapes. My mother's were wonderful. She had a secret ingredient (Stroh rum). An Italian deli makes something sort of similar. I asked about theirs and they said they flavored theirs with lemon. The Italian version seems to made at Christmastime. I have seen something similar for sale occasionally year round at the supermarket under a Polish name, something like Cruschiki. Neither tastes anywhere as good as Mom's. Anyway, what is the Hungarian or German name for this treat (that is if you recognize what I am describing)? Is there a reason it is made for Fasching? I won't even start talking about my Mom's wonderful doughnuts for Fasching (rarely made with jelly). Both of these goodies are deep fried, maybe that is a connection to Fasching? Bob replies: They have several different names in Austria. Hobelscharten (we always say Houwlschoatn in dialect) or Schartelkrapfen (we say Schoadlkropfn). Hobel = plane (woodworking tool), scharten = shavings. They are well known in the Lehigh Valley. But I don't know them as being a Fasching treat. We see them all year round. The Bgld. Croatians call them Trijesce (shavings). The Hungarians call them Forgácsfánk (fánk is their word for doughnut) or Csöröge. The Slovaks call them Ceregi (with the "c" having a little "v" above it giving it a "ch" sound). The Polish call them Chrusciki, the Windish call them Skalje. English names I've heard: Angel Wings, Bow Ties, Bowknots. But never Plane Shavings. Not as appetizing, I guess. The Swiss make something similiar called Chüechli ("little cakes"), but they're not twisted. If made in a large flat round, they're called "Öhrli" (little ears). In Austria, I had Krapfen only one time without jelly, that was while visiting somebody in Poppendorf during the summer. But when you buy them in bakeries, cafes, they are always filled, usually with apricot jam. During Fasching you have them up the wazoo. Packaged ones all over the place, at supermarkets, drugstores, special outdoor sidewalk stands. Cheaper than at a bakery or cafe. The Fidischers tell me that back home they never had filled Krapfen. I made them several times, some of my singers have made them, I think one or two still do. I know of others in the area that still make them. There's also a Polish stand at our local Allentown Farmer's market and a Polish Deli in Bethlehem that have them every week, brought from a Polish Bakery in Brooklyn. They call them Paczki and they're basically the same as our Krapfen, filled with either apricot or prune jam, sometimes raspberry. For a long time I used to get some every week, but I guess I got bored with them. But I will get some for Faschingdienstag. For the last 2 years I've ordered some for our singing group for our sessions before Faschingdienstag. We call it a Kropfnschmaus (schmaus = feast). At the Austrian Vets Faschingtanz on March 1st we'll be singing a song from the Steiermark (but also known in Bavaria) called "Geh Olti, boch Kropfn!" (Hey old lady, go bake doughnuts!), which I just call the "Kropfnliad" (Liad = Lied = song) or the "Donut Ditty". The Slovenians call them Krofi, undoubtedly from the German. But I think the Slovenians (Windish) in Bethlehem (who come from the NE tip of Slovenia that was part of Hungary until after WW1) call them Fanke, from the Hungarian. Both Fánk and Krapfen can also refer to non-deep fried pastries. Like Butterkrapfen, which is a puff-pastry dough that's rolled out, cut into squares, filled with jam and folded and baked. Sort of a turnover. Krapfen can also refer to cookies, and even pastries in general. I was visiting friends once in Steinfurt, north of Strem, on the day of the town's church festival (Kirtag). I was told they were making Kirtagskrapfen. I expected a special type of doughnut, or some other specific type of pastry. But then they brought out plates of assorted baked goods. That was new to me. Up to that point, I had heard several general names for baked goods: Mehlspeisn/Möhlspeisn, Bäckereien/Bocharein, Gebackenes/Bochanas. Maybe a regional thing. Deep-fried pastries are a Fasching tradition because you have to use lard before Lent begins. It's not allowed (during Lent). They're also a last decadent treat before the fasting period. Here are some links: Websites/articles about Fasching lore and traditions in the German-speaking countries: http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.encyclop.f/f100418.htm (for the English version, click "English" below "Österreich Lexikon") http://german.about.com/library/weekly/aa020501a.htm http://www.serve.com/shea/germusa/karneval.htm (don't miss the collection of links at end of article) A recipe for "Faschingskrapfen" (jam-filled Shrovetide doughnuts): http://www.kitchenproject.com/kpboard/messages/36.html And some photos of the finished product: http://www.saurer.at/fotodatenbank/fotos.php?TopicID=krapfen (ED. Comment: Krapfen with or without jelly is a moot point. I've seen recipes with and without. I believe the answer may be that "freshly fried" Krapfen dusted with powdered sugar really require no filling. For my taste, deep fried sweet dough has a very satisfying quality and taste if it is fresh and crispy. Once it sits for a while it can get stale or soggy and, if the fat is old, it can acquire an off flavor. A jelly filling can disguise this. An old Hungarian cook book I have says "serve them right away!" The book places more importance on the beautiful yellow stripe they should have around the middle (if fried properly). Rum, lemon, and vanilla sugar are often added for flavor. My grandmother never filled hers but then filling doughnuts can be a chore and hers never laid around very long. I've had both kinds in Austria (all provinces) as well as in Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania and Italy. The Viennese cook books mostly tend to jam filled Krapfen, Viennese pastry being super elegant. I think Krapfen are the ne plus ultra of pastry and I'll eat them with the utmost pleasure no matter how they are made. Beringer's Bakery in Allentown, PA (alas no more) made great unfilled Krapfen-like doughnuts. As kids on the way to Harrison-Morton Jr. High in Allentown we'd stop at a little family bakery on 3rd Street and buy stale doughnuts (yesterday's) for a penny. Our Martiin's Supermarket (Food Fair) in Winchester has been pushing what they call jelly filled "Fastnachts" for the last few weeks. See newsletter no. 84A (15 July 2000) for a recipe for fried twists (Hobelscharten). 4. HUNGARIAN LISTS (courtesy Margaret Kaiser) (ED. Note: Although we tend to concentrate on Germanic websites given the greater percentage of Germanic descendents in the Burgenland, we provide Hungarian coverage as well as Croatian. Margaret Kaiser researching a border village still in Hungary provides some more help.) Margaret writes: Bob Strauch recently wrote that he joined the Culinaria list, but note there are many other list choices for Hungarian information. You can subscribe to the firstname.lastname@example.org list by sending an email message to the email@example.com address, leave the subject line empty, in the body of your message write "subscribe hungary-news" To unsubscribe, send the following command as an e-mail message to firstname.lastname@example.org unsubscribe hungary-news 5. USE ALBERT'S VILLAGE LIST & KLAUS' MAPS Village-village-where is the village? One of my most frequent requests involves locating a village in the Buregnland region. Yet we provide more data concerning villages than anything else. It's all there but you must look for it. Use your search engine to search Albert Schuch's Village list available from the Homepage -over 1000 names of the 400 Borderland villages plus their Hungarian and Croatian names. Likewise, Klaus Gerger's Map Site has the same data plus contiguous border villages. Remember if your spelling of the village name is phonetic or incorrect, you'll have to scan visually-search engines aren't too smart! In a message dated 2/12/03, email@example.com writes: I have desperately been trying to find Boldogasszony , Moson, Hungary on a map, any map, and can't. I searched at my city's Central Library, the web and am beside myself. Can you please help? Coordinates will also do. Our answer: Boldogasszony , Moson (Megye-county), Hungary in 1921 became part of the Burgenland and adopted its German name of Frauenkirchen, which is why you can't find it on a map. See the maps available from our website. You need a Burgenland or Austrian map of less than 1:250,000 scale-one is available from the Austrian Tourist Bureau in NYC for $3-see our lists for address. Frauenkirchen was and is pre-dominently German speaking-having been settled by Germanic colonists, even though it was in the Hungarian political sphere (Princes Esterhazy). It is now in the Austrian Burgenland district of Neusiedl am See, on Austrian route 51 just east of the Neusiedler See (Lake)-slightly northwest of the Hungarian border town of Mosonszentjanos. It is a very important village with a beautiful church (Basilica Maria auf der Heide). Immigrants from this area were mostly part of the first wave (pre 1890) to the US, settling in the mid-west around Minn. and the Dakotas. Frauenkirchen church records 1828-1896 and civil records 1896-1921 are available from the LDS as microfilm at their family history centers. In 1873 it had over 3000 inhabitants-2900 today. It was a Catholic parish center and also had a sizeable Jewish population (630) with an important synagogue. Much destruction during the Turkish and Napoleonic wars. Many new settlers came from the region around Lake Constance following the second siege of Vienna. It is a notable wine producing village (town). Find out more by visiting our website lists. 6. WOULD YOU ANSWER THESE REQUESTS? Hosting a website such as ours can be enjoyable or a pain depending on how correspondents word their queries. The first and most important criteria is that we want to be assured that the correspondent is serious about Burgenland Family History. We have little interest in casual ciphers, thus a little introductory data helps a lot. Consider these, would you answer them? (I did forward our Invitation Letter in each instance.) "send newsletter to me" "send me everything you have on XXX" "subscribe" "My question here is if you know anything about XXX" Isn't the following better? I am interested in joining the Burgenland Bunch, please advise what I must do. My husband' s family was from Burgenland and we have researched the family back to the 1700's from microfilms available at the Church of Latter Day Saints. Thank you for your assistance. (A lengthy reply was forwarded as well as an Invitation Letter.) Newsletter continues as no. 115C.
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 115C dtd Feb. 28, 2003
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 2003 08:05:19 EST
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 115C DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY (Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com) Feb. 28, 2003 (c) 2003 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved) This fourth section of our 4-section newsletter includes: 1. An Interesting Name-Nemethy 2. Use Latitude & Longitude To Identify Place Of Origin-Bob Unger 3. Burgenland In Former Days (Part 7, continued from 111)-Gerhard Lang 1. AN INTERESTING NAME-NEMETHY In a message dated 1/23/03, firstname.lastname@example.org writes: I surfed to the BB website, and I have a question. My name is Zsolt Nemethy, and I´ve been doing genealogical research on my family . I have some progress, but there are a lot of "black holes" to be filled.... because one of my ancestors used the name Ignacz Nemethy de Nemetujvar, I think, there may be some connection between the former Nemetujvar (now Güssing, Austria) and my family. Please, tell me, where can I find out, whether there lived Nemethys in Güssing in the previous centuries. Thank you in advance for your kind help. Zsolt Nemethy Answer: I'm sure you are aware that "Nemet" is Hungarian for German. As such it is part of the Hungarian name of many villages which at one time were (or are) in Hungary. Nemetjuvar or Güssing is just one of many. Güssing also had other names from its founding in the 11th century. Nemet(hy) from Nemetjuvar would thus translate to " German from the German stronghold (castle)" I don't know enough Hungarian to tell you why the "hy" was added-it could well be a noun modifier. It is very possible that your people came from Güssing. I still find a "Nemeth" family there, but whether or not you link to such is unknown. This is not an uncommon name in southern Burgenland. I'd suggest reading a history of Güssing (all are in German or Hungarian)-a good German one is "Stadterhebung Güssing 1973-Festschrift"-but now out of print. You can also search our archives for articles on Güssing including fragments from Urbars or church records. In the Urbar (Batthyany) of 1635, I find a Nemeth family listed in the Güssing Ortseile of Langzeil and Rosenberg, so the name has been there for some time. You might also look for your name in the on-line Austrian phonebook (available from our website URL list). I'm attaching addresses. 2. USE LATITUDE & LONGITUDE TO IDENTIFY PLACE OF ORIGIN (from Bob Unger) Bob writes: I recently attended a meeting of the German Research Association, Inc. of San Diego and one of the featured speakers was John D. Bentz. John's interest and expertise in maps dates back to his service as an Army Air Corps navigator. John emphasized that one of the biggest problems for the map maker is the translation of the earth's round surface to a flat surface. On a globe of the world, latitudinal and longitudinal lines are used to divide the surface of the world. They cross at right angles (90 degrees) - equally true at the equator as well as near the north and south poles. On a globe of the Earth, lines of latitude are circles of different sizes. The longest is the equator, whose latitude is zero, while at the poles the circles shrink to a point. On the globe, lines of constant longitude ("meridians") extend from pole to pole, like the segment boundaries on a peeled orange. Every meridian must cross the equator. Since the equator is a circle, we can divide it into 360 degrees, and the longitude of a point is then the marked value of that division where its meridian meets the equator. What that value is depends of course on where zero longitude is. For historical reasons, the meridian passing the old Royal Astronomical Observatory in Greenwich, England, is the one chosen as zero longitude. .Converting the earth's round surface to a flat surface uses what is called Mercator projection, named after the Flemish cartographer Gerhardus Mercator (1512-1594). For more details about latitude, longitude, and maps, refer to the following web site, the source of some of the above information: http://www-istp.gsfc.nasa.gov/stargaze/Slatlong.htm Now what does all this text about latitude and longitude, maps, etc., have to do with genealogical research and the efforts of the Burgenland Bunch. The simple answer is "PLACE", i.e., the place where your ancestor was born, the place where they lived. Many of us, after much research, now know these places. But, how best to tell others where this place is so they can easily find it. (ED. Note: I just used lengthy email letters to do that very thing-providing Lat. & Long. would have been much simpler.) Not surprisingly, many of the villages names being researched in Austria have villages of the same name in several locations. Thus, to adequately, and properly identify a place, one should specify the latitude and longitude. Help in finding yours can be found by using a good global gazetteer. In my web site search I found a great one listed below: http://ww,w.calle.com/world/ This web site is a Worldwide Directory of Cities and Towns Global Gazetteer-a directory of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked to a map for each. ...Description: Longitude, latitude and altitude of more than 2,800,000 towns and cities, sorted by country. When I clicked onto this web site it brought up a screen listing different countries. Clicking on Austria brought up a screen listing all the cities and villages in Austria, indexed by the first two letters in the name. I selected Ru, since I was interested in information on Rudersdorf. The next screen showed there were three places in Austria with the name Rudersdorf. I selected Rudersdorf 47N, 16E - because I knew from previous research that it was the correct location for the place of my ancestors. It produced a satellite view showing the location of that Rudersdorf. In addition, it provided further detail about its coordinates, i.e., 47.0500N, 16.1167 E, altitude of 849 ft or 258 meters. Also, it provided links for additional information: Try this site using your village name - much can be gained. (ED. Note: I quickly found all of my villages and towns of origin. Güssing is at Lat. 47N, Long. 16E, at an altitude of 767 feet. Poppendorf is at 46N, 16E at alt. 761. There are 20,014 Austrian places listed. ) If you want more information about maps, or the use of GPS, please give the following web site a try. http://www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/notes/mapproj/mapproj.html For additional satellite views of selected cities around the world, try this web site. http://www.fourmilab.ch/earthview/cities.htm 3. BURGENLAND IN FORMER DAYS (From: email@example.com -Part 7, Continued From Newsletter 111.) Father Leopold - Part VII - Childhood Großhöflein In the village upside the church lived the "Kleinhäusler". Most of them had no cows, only goats. Sometimes I went herding the goats (Ziegenhalten) with the other boys to the mountain near St. Florian's chapel, which stood alone on the mountain, visible from afar and looking down to the village. Today houses surround it. >From that St. Florian's Chapel one had a nice view to the village and the plain of the Wulka River, the Ödenburg mountains and the Rust uplands (Ruster Hügelland) with the "Kogl-Kapelle" ("Kogl-chapel) of St. Margarethen. Water was abundant. In the upper village near the "Brodlbaum", a gorgeous lime-tree, the "Herrnbrunn" had its source, a copious spring, which supplied water for the entire village. The water of that Herrnbrunn had summer and winter the same temperature of + 8 degrees Celsius. In summer it was a cool drink to us and in winter, after a snowball fight, it was comfortably warm. Out of the Herrnbrunn came a small brook, supplying the whole village. That brook separated the village-road into two parts. Beside the brook were seven wells, they were called "Röhrn" (pipes). At each of the wells were two or three stone-vats ("Grant"), through which the water of the pipes flowed, before running into the creek. Cows and horses were driven to the vats to drink ("Wassern"). The vats also served the women for washing clothes - washing machines were unknown in those days. The laundry had been soaked in a washing trough and was washed the previous day with "Schichtseife" (a kind of home-made soap) using a brush and a "Waschrumpel" (a corrugated steel plate mounted on wood). For water, the women often went to the wells. In the yard or attic the laundry was dried. The clothes were ironed with a "Stagleisen" (a thick piece of iron was heated in the oven and then put into the flat iron) or with a "Holzkohlen-Bügeleisen (a flat iron heated with charcoal). The charcoal was ignited in the oven and then brought to glowing by swinging the iron, just like the priests do in the sacristy with the censer. The stone-vats near the wells were a play place for the children. We sloshed the water, had paper-ships and splashed around with "Hollerspritzen" (syringes made of the branches of elder-trees). We made that "Hollerspritzen" ourselves, during summer we bathed in that vats, but only for a few minutes because of the cold water. A better opportunity for bathing was at the "Tinhof-Teich" ("Tinhof-pond"), where today the Raiffeisen-Bank is located. It was called "Tinhof-Teich"; because next to the pond was the "Fleischbank" Tinhof (a butcher named Tinhof - today butcher Hartmann who has an excellent liver loaf) and the butcher chopped the ice for his ice-pit, because people had no cold storage or refrigerators. In the "Tinhof-Teich" I learned to swim - "Hundsplanscheln" (crawling with hands and feet like a dog in the water), "Z'gleichfüassen" (simultaneous movements with hands and feet) "Seitenschwimmen" (side stroke) und "Rückenschwimmen (back stroke). Instead of bathing trunks we boys had our "Fiata" (Fürtuch, a blue apron) pulled back between the legs and into the band at the back. The girls swam with a pinafore. We also played Tschinakel" with washing troughs or pig-troughs and even arranged "naval battles". In doing that, one had to try to overturn the trough of the combatant and throw the crew into the pond's water. One day the sun burned my back so intense, that it got as red as a crayfish. For a few days it was not possible for me to lie on my back. Mother greased my back with oil. A few days later my skin came off. The "Krotenteich" (Toads'-pond) near the Barts (Barts-place) by the house of Steiners was deep, about two meters and therefore only suitable for swimmers. "Schlutzen" (diving) too was possible there. The water was clearer than in the big "Tinhof-Teich", which had lots of mud. Litter was often thrown into that pond; even young cats were drowned there. (To be continued) Matthias Artner - Part VII - The postwar period Cooperative life worked well during the postwar period, people had little and were dependent on helping and aiding one another. As most of them were poor, there was a certain equality. But times grew better from year to year, although foodstuffs still were scarce and expensive. Around 1952 one could buy clothing, beyond that absolutely necessary, and buy goods, that one could not afford before WW II, a motorbike for example. That initiated motorization. Soon people worked on making the sand- and gravel-roads dust-free and existing roads were asphalted. The "Nord-Süd-Verbingung" (North-South-communication-road) was erected (Today's "B 50"). The residents of Southern Burgenland could only move to the North, because the southern part was completely isolated at that time - the iron curtain in the East to Hungary and Yugoslavia and the line of demarcation to the British zone of occupation in Styria. The fast mechanization and motorization in agriculture caused displaced workers, who mostly went to Vienna as unskilled workers. There was a kind of migration into cities, first by train as weekly commuters, later with busses and private cars. When the work week shortened, people began daily commutes. Then came aotomation. There were vending machines for cigarettes, candy and above all for music - the "Wurlitzer" at Krizan's (a local inn). Modern dances came to the village - Rock'n'roll, English-Waltz, Foxt-rott and Tango. The cinema conquered the villages. "Homeland-Films" with Hans Moser and Paul Hörbiger, but especially the "Sissi"-Films (Films about the life of empress Elisabeth, called "Sissi") brought entertainment to the people. James Dean was the idol of the "Halbstarken" (beatniks) as the former long-haired "Schlurfs" were now called. What else was new? "Austria 3", "Nil" and "Smart-Export" were the brands of the Austrian cigarettes, Hula-Hoop, petticoats, ponytails and the "PEZ"-handgun (a dispenser for the so-called "PEZ-Zuckerl", a kind of candy), espresso at the coffee-house and the modern artless furniture with floor lamps on a bamboo-stick. In that way the elder generation experienced a lot of change over the years - years of occupation and freedom, years of peace on the way to a unified Europe. 1955, five years after the beginning the 2nd half of the last century, Austria got it's treaty and it's neutrality, five years before it ended, Austria joined the European Union. In the 40 years in between, there was a steady and permanent upward trend for the better. (To be continued) END OF NEWSLETTER BURGENLAND BUNCH STAFF (USA unless designated otherwise) Coordinator & Editor Newsletter: Gberghold@AOL.com (Gerald J. 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WORLDGEN WEB BURGENLAND QUERY BOARD http://boards.ancestry.com/mbexec?htx=board&r=rw& p=localities.ceeurope.austria.Prov.burgenland The BB is in contact with the Burgenländische Gemeinschaft, Hauptplatz 7, A-7540 Güssing, Burgenland, Austria. Burgenl.firstname.lastname@example.org Burgenland Bunch Newsletter distributed courtesy of (c) 1999 RootsWeb.com, Inc. P.O. Box 6798, Frazier Park, CA 93222-6798 Newsletter and List Rights Reserved. Permission to Copy Granted; Provide Credit and Mention Source.