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From: GBerghold@aol.com
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 118 dtd May 31, 2003
Date: Sat, 31 May 2003 06:22:46 EDT

THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 118 
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com)
May 31, 2003
(c) 2003 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved)


RECIPIENTS PLEASE READ: You are receiving this email because you are a BB 
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("Cancel" will cancel membership, homepage listings and mail.) Send address and 
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BB in the subject line. Send no attachments or graphics unless well known to 
me.  Please keep changes to a minimum. To join the BB, see our homepage. We 
can't help with non-Burgenland family history. Appropriate
comments and articles 
are appreciated. Our staff and web site addresses are listed at the end of 
newsletter section "C". Introductions, notes and articles without a by-line are 
written by the editor and reflect his views. Please exchange data in a 
courteous and cooperative manner-not to do so defeats the purpose of our 
organization. 

NOTE: IN ORDER TO FACILITATE INDEX SEARCHES-FAMILY NAME AND/OR VILLAGE, WHERE 
APPROPRIATE, WILL BE  ADDED TO THE TITLES OF ARTICLES IN THIS AND FUTURE 
ISSUES OF THE BB NEWSLETTERS.

This first section of our 4-section newsletter includes the following:

1. Burgenland Family History Help For Latest Generation-(Zwetolitz-Rabafuzes)
2. Glatz Name From Bavaria? (Glatz)
3. Oratorio Honoring St. Ladislaus To Be Held In Horitschon, Burgenland 
(Heinz Koller)


1.BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY HELP FOR LATEST GENERATION-ZWETOLITZ

(ED. Note: As I get older I sometimes become very afraid that the younger 
generations have little or no interest in their
family history. It is with great 
interest therefore that I replied to the following query. I wish to thank 
those I copied for their prompt and informative
replies. If Frank's daughter isn't 
given an "A" for this project, I'll be very surprised. It is most gratifying 
to me that a simple query concerning Burgenland family history can receive 
such an overwhelming and informative response from our members. ) 

In a message dated 5/6/03 Frank Zwetolitz, zwetolit@us.ibm.com writes:

"Gerry, my daughter, who is in 7th grade has been given a social studies 
class assignment to design a family
crest.  She has for the past three years taken 
an active interest in our heritage (she sings in the Coplay Saegerbund Choir 
and desperately wants to learn German)....she sang with the group this past 
Saturday for the Maypole dance.   She would like to know what our last name 
could possibly translate to or mean in German, Croatian or Hungarian.   Do you 
have any guesses or possibly recommend some sources, such as books, or other 
points of contact?  I have no idea and realize that the name as spelt may have 
changed over the millennia......... However, my daughter does say if it means 
something like "shovels horse manure" she will make up a lie."

 
* Reply: Frank, the fact that your name has a Croatian origin (Slavic) as 
opposed to German, makes this difficult for me. Most of my material relative to 
name derivation has either an English or German basis as opposed to Slavic. 
Your name is Croatian and
has no German translation. This leads me to believe you 
may find an answer on one of the Slavic or Croatian boards. There are also 
two of our staff who may be of help-our Croatian editor is Frank Teklits  
(Northhampton
born and raised-now living near Philadelphia) and our Lehigh Valley 
editor Bob Strauch (Allentown) who has much experience concerning ethnic 
Burgenland
matters. I am copying them on this email and perhaps they can help. I am

also copying Fritz Königshofer our Austrian editor-he once did some work for 
Frank Teklits concerning Croatian noble families and may have something to add.

To design a family crest, I don't think you could do much better than 
incorporate parts of the Burgenland crest (a single headed eagle whose
wing tips hold 
two crosses-perched on a mountain and has a crown on his head-you can see it 
by going to the Burgenlandische Gemeinschaft website available from our 
website). On his chest is a shield with red-white-red-white
horizontal lines. After 
all, your Burgenland family heritage extends to at least 1524.

In addition your daughter may wish to add portions of your immigrant 
ancestor's village crest. Raabfidisch (Rabafuzes,
Hungary) is now incorporated with 
Szentgotthard and comes under their crest which includes a gold eagle on a red 
shield embossed on a blue and gold escutcheon with a five pointed crown as a 
crest. 

Some other suggestions would be to include something that connects to 
Croatian heritage like the Batthyany
crest which includes a white swan and a lion 
holding a sword. (Franz Batthyany-ban of Croatia brought Croatian refugees from 
Croatia to his Güssing Herrschaft beginning 1524). Another aristocratic 
Burgenland family with Croatian
origins was Draskovich. Their crest includes nine 
others. Items are red lion rampant on a crown, black Burgenland eagle, arm 
holding a scimiter (white), white griffin holding an orb, and gold griffin with 
crown. I'm not suggesting
that these be copied as is, but you can certainly borrow 
some of the appointments if you wish. 

>From my books I can't find any Croatian family crests but it appears that 
your name Zwetolitz may stem from the Croatian Czwitkowych (Stegersbach 1576) 
which in 1519
was C(H)wethkowych from the Croatian village of Sthynychnyak (south 
of today's Zagreb). In 1576 in Gross Mürbisch I also find a Zwetkowicz 
family. (source is "Die Kroaten der Herrschaft Güssing" -Robert Hajszan, 
Literas-Wien, 1991)


Gross and Klein Mürbisch have no crest-they use a village seal -a round 
circle
with words Gemeinde Grossmürbisch (Kleinmürbish) in Gothic letters top
and 
bottom, then an inner circle with a bar through the center with the words 
Polit. Bezirk Güssing. Five squares form a cross four on top of the
bar one below 
the bar under the word Burgenland. 

I also find that the mostly Croatian Burgenland village of Stinatz (district 
of Güssing) has a crest that includes three crowns and crossed keys, silver on 
blue shield. The book showing this has an article in Croatian (which I can't 
read) by one Prof. Mag. Martin Zsivkovits! (book is "Güssing im Wandel der 
Zeit"-Kirsner and Peternell, 1995.

Nobility invariably sported a crest. Since pre 1848 (in Hungary and 
elsewhere) only nobility could own land-many families were
granted patents of nobility 
for all sorts of reasons. Nobility in this area was not as exclusive as that 
in England for instance. It is not impossible that your name may be included in 
patents of nobility. Many Croatian families received such a patent for help 
in guarding the border. There are records of such patents but they are not easy 
to come by and probably beyond your daughter's ability. I mention this in the 
eventuality that your daughter will also be asked to write something.

Please tell your daughter that I'm very interested in her project and I'd 
like to know and perhaps publish what she finally puts together. I think it 
speaks well for your daughter's school that they have initiated such a project. 
What better way to keep our ethnic background alive. If I can be of any further 
assistance don't hesitate to contact me. 

* Bob Strauch, Lehigh Valley Editor writes: 
 
The name could also be Slovenian, given the proximity of the 
Slovenian-speaking villages south of Szentgotthard.
The "Zw" cound in German would be "Cv" in 
both Croatian and Slovenian. Or it might really be "Zv" or even "Sv". I can 
tell you that "svet" means "world"
in Croatian and Slovenian and "cvet" can mean 
flower, blossom, bloom. 
 
I did a search using every conceivable spelling of the name. Here are some 
results:
 
1. Zvetelec: found several in the Austrian phone book, all living in the 
Steiermark province. I believe this name to be of Slovenian origin.
 
2. Zwetelitsch: Mrs. Theresia Jost, née Schmidt from Raabfidisch, died in New 
Tripoli/PA in 1999. Her grandmother was a Zwetelitsch. I know the Jost 
family.
 
3. Svetolic: found on several websites, but seems to be used as a 
Croatian-Bosnian male first name.
 
4. Cvetolics: found a Johann Cvetolics in the Ellis Island manifests coming 
to Allentown from Raabfidisch in 1900.
 
5. Svetelics: (misspelled Svetolico in the database) Maria Svetelics coming 
to Pittsburgh in 1909 from Alsowöndök, Hungary. There are 3 other entries on 
the same page for young women from the same village (2 entries use the spelling 
Alsowöndök, the others use Alsoröndök), going to either Pittsburgh or McKees 
Rocks. I suspect the village may really be Alsorönök (Unterradling). I also 
know the name Zwetolits from Nemesmedves (Ginisdorf), just north of Alsorönök. 
The names of the other 3 girls are Heigl, Ehrenhöfer, and Nekitsa (sort of a 
Hungarian spelling of Nikitscher,
which I know to be a name from Alsorönök). Many 
people from Alsorönök settled in Pittsburgh and McKees Rock. I believe that 
Margaret Kaiser will be able to shed some light on this, since she has done 
much research on the border
villages.  I'm not sure whether this helps or adds to 
the confusion.
 
P.S.:My grandmother, Marie Stettler, née Schrammel, who passed away in 2000, 
had a friend named Marie Zwetolitz, née Schrantz, who was married to John 
Zwetolitz. Any relation?    
 
 * Fritz Königshofer, Austrian Editor writes: The last name sounds and looks 
Slavic.  I agree that an interpretation would best be sought on boards for 
Croatia and Slovenia. Croat last names typically end with -ics (phonetically 
equivalent to the
English spelling -ich).  Therefore, there may be significance in 
the fact that the name was rather spelled with -itz (such as Simitz).  
However,
the significance may not be more than the fact that the family had settled

into a mostly ethnic German environment. The Slavic word "svet" seems to mean 
"saintly" or "holy."
 
* Frank Teklits, Croatian Editor writes:   I agree with all that's been said 
but there is little of any substance that I can add.
 
 *Margaret Kaiser, our Rabafuzes expert,  writes:  I looked at the 
microfilmed parish records and found the following surnames of possible
interest:

Birth Records:

January 13, 1894, baptized January 14; Karolina Paulina, d/o Janos (John) 
CZEWETELICS (Rabafuzes) and Terez Heber (Rabafuzes) (Rabafuzes
107). (There is a 
note that Karolina Paulina married Janos Ronel from Rabakerestur in the USA on 
Sept 30 1913.) (My note: the given name order could be Paulina Karolina.)

February 23, 1888, baptized February 23; Agnes, d/o Janos CSWETELICS, Roman 
Catholic & Terez Heber, Roman Catholic, Rabafuzes (Rabafuzes 127)

November 3, 1892, baptized November 4, 1892; Karolina to Janos ZWETELITSCH, 
Roman Catholic, Rabafuzes & Julianna Werkovits, Roman Catholic, Rabakerestur 
(Rabafuzes 129)

September 7, 1887, Maria, d/o Janos CZWETELICS, Roman Catholic and Julianna 
Berkovics, Roman Catholic, Rabakerestur (Rabafuzes 129)

November 3, 1892, baptized November 4; Karolina to Janos ZWETELITSCH, Roman 
Catholic, Rabafuzes & Julianna Werkovits, RomanCatholic, Rabakerestur 
(Rabafuzes 129)

The above 3 children had the same parents, despite the spelling variations on 
their surnames.

February 9, 1892, baptized February 9; Rudolf to Istvan (Stephen) CZWETELICS, 
Roman Catholic, Rabafuzes & Maria Kaintz, Evangelical, Rabafuzes (Rabafuzes 
126).

Perhaps these are some of your (Frank and  daughter) ancestors. If you would 
like to send me an ancestral name or two (with estimated dates if possible), I 
will look for them in the microfilmed records. I have access presently to 
most births records prior to 1909, marriages prior to 1902, and deaths prior to 
mid 1895. If I can locate an ancestor on the microfilm, I could snail mail you 
a copy. Your daughter can opt to include it with her report if she chooses.

There is a Croatian and a Slovenian email list at Rootsweb. You might 
consider joining to inquire if anyone can translate the meaning your surname. 

See:
http://lists.rootsweb.com/index/intl/HRV/CROATIA.html
http://lists.rootsweb.com/index/intl/SVN/SLOVENIA.html

Here are a few names from the Ellis Island site.  I did not look at the 
individual manifests for these names (just the index).

Karoline Zwetolics, 1913, age 19, from Rabfidis, Hungary to Coplay 
Julianna Zwetosich, 1905, age 29 from Rabakerestur to Pittsburgh
Johann Zwetolitisch, 1896, age 5
Julianna Zwetolitisch, 1896, age 34 

Rabfidis is Raabfidisch which is Rabafuzes.


Frank responds: Thank you for your effort!  I plan to share this information 
with the family this weekend for Mother's day.  To all....your time and effort 
was greatly appreciated...I will keep you informed our my daughter's 
project.....Thanks!


2. GLATZ NAME FROM BAVARIA? (from Tom Glatz)

A few years ago I noticed that there was an organization devoted to my last 
name of GLATZ on the Internet. It seemed at the time to mostly deal with the 
name from Switzerland, Alsace-Lorraine area of France, and the Black Forest 
region of Germany. It is a very old organization. One
of the members found me on 
the BB and asked me if I was interested. I recently decided to join because it 
is now a clearing house for the GLATZ name. It is unfortunate that I am the 
only BB member researching the name GLATZ. I don't know if it would ever be 
appropriate to mention this in the BB. 

This is a great organization. They have meetings in Germany every year. They 
do tours of the different areas I mentioned. Who knows what I may eventually 
find out about my name by being a member of the organization? I know that my 
Glatz line was always Lutheran and German speakers. I keep thinking about 
Professor Burghardt's book mentioning that there was some migration into the 
Burgenland from the Black Forest region. It
is probably an unlikely link because I 
know across the border in Steiermark my name is very common in the Hartberg 
area.



3. ORATORIO  HONORING ST. LADISLAUS TO BE HELD IN HORITSCHON (From: Markus 
Prenner)

Member Heinz Koller from Güssing forwards a message from Markus Prenner, 
which invites all to an oratorio
honoring St. Ladislaus (Batthyany). The oratoriao 
"Pelikan" features words by Heinz Koller and music by Franz Stangl.  

The oratorio is sponsored by The Burgenländische Familienbund, the Club 
Burgenland, the Altherrenlandesbund of the  ÖCV und the  Burgenländische 
Landesverband of the
 MKV and will feature the voval ensemble "CANTUS FELIX" (Güssing)  
- under the direction of Franz Stangl. Soprano: Barbara Graf, Violin: 
Katharina Decker, piano : Andreas Deutsch and organ: Heiko Reitner 

Time: Pfingstmontag,  9. Juni 2003 - 18:00h - Place: Parish Church Horitschon
 
Honored guests will be  Diözesanbischof Dr. Paul IBY and  LHStv. Mag. Franz 
STEINDL

Information: contact: MMag. Markus K. Prenner, Raiffeisengasse 7A - 7312 
Horitschon
phone: ++43-(0)676/73 60 345
mail: prenner@club-burgenland.at
visit: www.club-burgenland.at

Newsletter continues as no. 118A.

From: GBerghold@aol.com
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 118A dtd May 31, 2003
Date: Sat, 31 May 2003 06:26:01 EDT

THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 118A
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com)
May  31, 2003
(c) 2003 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved)

SEE BURGENLAND BAND CONCERT-CHICAGO JULY 20!

This second section of our 4-section newsletter includes:

1. Canadian Archives-Huber (Ilmitz-Unterschützen))
2. News From Königsdorf
3. Viennese Pastry Shop In Chicago
4. Burgenland Band Concert-Chicago July 20
5. Allentown & Bethlehem, PA History Book Reviews
6. Lehigh County, PA Historical Society Proceedings 2002
7. More On "Ban" Definition

1. CANADIAN ARCHIVES-(from Mike Huber)

Viele Grüße aus New York sendet Ihnen Mike Huber.  I enjoy your monthly 
newsletter.  Recently, I have enjoyed some recent success in researching
my family 
history in Canada and I thought I would share it with you.  You can determine 
if you want to pass it on to the Bunch.

Like many of the Burgenlanders in the 1920s, my grandfather and his brothers 
emigrated from Austria (Unterschützen) to North America.  Some of his brothers 
came directly to the United States, but others went to Canada, to work in 
logging companies.  Supposedly, the logging companies would pay the fare from 
Europe to Canada, in exchange for one year's labor with the
company.  After that 
year, men were free to either stay in Canada or emigrate to the U.S.  (I'm 
still researching this fact.)  My grandfather and a few of his other brothers 
took advantage of this opportunity in the mid- to late-1920s, to escape the 
Depression in Austria.  

Anyway, the National Archives of Canada has a GREAT website, 
http://www.archives.ca that allows one to search
passenger lists from 1865 - 1935.  There is 
no charge to search, and the charge for copies of lists is minimal.  According 
to their web page.
"The National Archives of Canada holds microfilm copies of the passenger 
manifests of ships arriving at the following ports of entry:
City and Québec Montréal, Quebec: 1865 - 1935 (closed during the winter 
months) 
 * 
Arrivals at Montréal between 1865 and 1924 are included in the Quebec lists.

Halifax (Nova-Scotia) : 1881 - 1935
Saint-John (New-Brunswick) : 1900 - 1935
North Sydney (Nova-Scotia) : 1906 - 1935 
 * 
These lists include mostly ferry arrivals from Newfoundland and St-Pierre et 
Miquelon, with a few passengers in transit from other countries.

Vancouver (British Columbia) : 1905 - 1935
Victoria, British Columbia: 1905 - 1935 (includes some small Pacific ports)
via New York: 1906 - 1931
via eastern United States ports: 1905 - 1928 
 * 
These U.S. lists include only the names of passengers who stated that they 
intended to proceed directly to Canada."


I would encourage anyone interested to check it out.  My grandmother left 
Illmitz in 1929, to visit
her brother in Manitoba, Canada (he had left Illmitz in 
1924).  She met my grandfather on the ship and the rest is history.  After 
one year in Canada, they met in Toronto and were married, later returning to 
Austria and then to the U.S. in the mid 1950s.

The Canadian records give the name of the passenger, age, ship name, and port 
of entry (Quebec, Halifax, etc.), as well as all of the microfilm 
documentation
needed to order copies.  The search engine on the webpage has five fields

(surname, given name, year of arrival, port of arrival, and ship).  One or two 
fields is usually enough information to find a match.  I had always thought 
grandparents entered Canada through Halifax, but I discovered they came to 
Quebec instead.  Bottom line:  the search engine is very user-friendly
and FREE.  


2. NEWS ABOUT KÖNIGSDORF (From: bobgoll@ripnet.com) 

Just returned from 2 weeks spent mainly in the Konigdorf Berg region.  (3 day 
side trip to Budapest)

Think I visited with one your relatives.  Wilma Gibiser in Eltendorf.   She 
had visited my parents in Kitchener when she lived in Canada.

Of interest:

Museum in Gussing for emigrants.  Guide was particularly impressive. 
Burgenland Bunch list (is prominently displayed).

Offices of the Burgenland Gemeinschaft in Gussing.

St Emerich Church (Rabafuzes)

My cousins, with whom we stayed, spoke only German so our brains were taxed.  
My aunt speaks Burgenland dialect so this was extremely interesting this time 
since my cousin could help me with the German.  When we visited my aunt 
previously, we were left with only blank stares when no one
was able to translate.

Lots of different Easter customs including the basket of food for Easter 
breakfast taken to Church the night before for blessing.

Some further items from our trip.

1.  A young lady we hosted for 3 weeks a few years ago was part of the choir 
that attended and sang at the beautification of Prince Batthyány-Strattmann in 
Rome.( I notice the family member refers to him as prince whereas the 
material we saw used Dr.  He was both so I guess
it's take your pick!)   She was also 
part of the choir and played the violin at the premier of the Oratorium in 
Gussing.  We were able to attend the concert in the Franciscan Cloister Church 
on our trip.

2.  While in Burgenland I picked up a book of the history of the homes since  
1700's in Konigsdorf.  It also has a section of marriages in this first part 
of the 20th Century. The name of the book is "Usere Wurzeln"  Stammbäume, 
Häuser, Heiraten der Königsdorfer.
The house records are from 1720 to 1900.  The 
weddings from 1900 to 1960.  It was a gift, I think 11 Euros is the price.

The Church (renovations) is quite finished and being there at Easter meant we 
attended lots of services with different customs.  Religion is quite 
different in the area - very strong but very respectful of the Lutherans and 
Catholics. In the public
school I visited there was a crucifix - not just a cross - 
hanging on
the wall.  Can you imagine same in the US? My grandparents are buried 
in one of the (two) cemeteries and one of my father's sisters in the other.  

3. VIENNESE PASTRY SHOP (from Tom Glatz)

This year at the American Friends of Austria annual membership brunch and 
meeting, I wanted to make a point of speaking with fellow member Gerhard Kaes. 
Gerhard
is the owner of Vienna Pastry Shop in Chicago, the only genuine Austrian

bakery in Chicago. Gerhard was born in Vienna and descended from a long line 
of bakers. His education was very extensive in baking and he is a member of 
the elite Vienna Pastry Guild. The family bakery in Vienna was unfortunately 
destroyed by bombing during World War 2. He came to America in the 1960's and 
opened his bakery.  I asked him about the types of Austrian pastry that he 
carried. I have tried many of the wonderful things from the bakery. He
told me that 
he makes Fasching Krapfen, apple and cherry strudel and Wiener Windbäckerei. 
He also makes Linzer, Sacher, and Dobosh Torte. His strudel is called 
Preßburger Strudel which is a poppy seed & walnut strudel.
I notice it is made with 
some white raisins and he says it has an egg
yolk glaze. It is some of the best I 
have ever had. It tastes similar to the kind my grandfather's second wife 
made. She was from Oberpullendorf. It is flat and not made in a pan like that 
which the famous Urbauer Bakery in Chicago made (also excellent). Theirs looked 
like bread. 

I am sure I am leaving out many other delicious items from Gerhard's bakery. 
I might add that Gerhard has often told me that he would be interested in 
finding out the reason why his father
received a medal of honor from the province 
of Burgenland. Gerhard is also a member of the Burgenländische Gemeinschaft. 
His address is 5411 W. Addison St., Chicago, IL. The phone number is 
773-685-4166. 

(ED/ Note: Tom sent me a brochure which makes me sorry I don't live in 
Chicago near this bakery.
The pictures are mouth watering. Brochure states that the 
Vienna Pastry Shop has been serving Chicago for 30 years with 120 years of 
tradition in baking. Twenty five different cakes are listed along with breads, 
pastries and wedding cakes. )


4. BURGENLAND BAND CONCERT-CHICAGO JULY 20

The Chicago Burgenland Gemeinschaft will present a 32 piece band from 
Burgenland under
the direction of Michael Wild. The concert will take place July 20, 
2003 at Gaelic Park, Chicago, starting at 8:00 PM and continuing to midnight. 
Admission is $15.00, advance tickets only. For reservations please contact Tom 
Glatz, Burgenland Bunch Chicago editor and Chicago BG Membership Chairman at 
773-239-6523. If there is enough interest, Tom will arrange for  BB members to 
 sit together. 

5. ALLENTOWN & BETHLEHEM, PA HISTORY BOOK REVIEWS-G. Berghold

The Lehigh Valley of Pennsylvania which includes much of Lehigh and 
Northampton
counties was and still is a major Burgenland ethnic enclave. The cities
of 
Allentown (county seat of Lehigh County) and Bethlehem (home of the now 
defunct Bethlehem Steel Mills) were major points of  Burgenland Immigrant
settlement 
and entry to this region in the period 1890-1923 and again in the 1950's. The 
immigrants spread out into the outlying townships and villages like 
Northampton, Catasauqua, Coplay, Bath, Cementon, Whitehall,
Hockendauqua and as far 
north as Slatington and west to Easton (seat of Northampton county. Burgenland 
immigrant family names can even be found south of this region around Limeport , 
Coopersburg and Quakertown in Bucks County. While one source (Harvard  
Encyclopedia Of American Ethnic Groups) estimates 40,000 Burgenland immigrants 
arrived in the US between 1880-1924 (with perhaps 25% return), it would not be 
unreasonable to estimate that over 5,000 settled
in the Lehigh Valley, given the 
number of today's ethnic descendants.

Burgenland ethnic history in this region; however,  has not received much 
published attention , except for  local
newspaper articles. This continues to be  
the case in two recent soft cover publications by Arcadia Publishing of 
Dover, NH. The  books are, "Images
Of America-Allentown"-Anna Bartholomew and Carol 
 M. Front, 2003, @19.99, ISBN 0-7385-0996-5; and Images of 
America-Bethlehem"-Bethlehem
Area Public Library, edited by Kathleen Stewart, 1997, @ $16.99, 
ISBN 0-7524-0805-4. 

Allentown and Bethlehem were founded by early colonial settlers (specifically 
the Moravians in Bethlehem) and later received a large influx of Palatinate 
(so-called Pennsylvania Dutch) immigrants from what is now Rhine-Hesse, 
Germany,
beginning in the mid 1700's.  It is these immigrants and their descendants

which receive emphasis in these books, although neither book claims to be an 
ethnic history. Burgenland (Austro-Hungarian) immigration, barely mentioned, is 
included in minor references to later  central European immigration. Of the 
two, the Bethlehem book has more mention of central European immigrants
probably 
because of their residence on the south side of Bethlehem near their 
employment in the steel mills. 

Nonetheless, the books present an excellent glimpse of the cities over the 
years and incorporate many early photos and maps, including photos of family 
groups. The Allentown book, as an example,  has a "bird's eye view" of the city 
in 1873, before the north end and east side were filled with ethnic row houses. 
Early photos of industrial sites (which attracted our immigrants) are 
especially good. 

While neither book can be recommended as ethnic source material, the 
historical photographic coverage will be of interest and value
to anyone with roots in 
this area.

6. LEHIGH COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY PROCEEDINGS-2002

One of the benefits of membership in the above society is a copy of their 
annual proceedings (this volume no. 43 was edited by Richard W. Cowen.) I've 
mentioned this society in previous articles, in that their library has typed 
copies of local church records, some of which provide villages of origin of 
Burgenland immigrants who settled in Allentown, PA. 

The current proceedings again lack any ethnic Burgenland material (I guess 
I'll have to write something) although there is an excellent article concerning 
Syrian immigration (Arab Americans In The Lehigh Valley) covering the Syrian 
enclave was just east of my grandmother's home on north Jordan Street, across 
the Tilghman Street bridge. We often went there to buy produce and baked goods 
at the local Syrian markets and bakeries mentioned in the article. I enjoyed 
Syrian flat bread and also went to school with a number of Syrian immigrant 
descendants. I was always impressed with the pretty
Syrian girls who had surnames 
like Hanna and Atiyeh.  My mother, sensing a possible infatuation, was quick 
to point out that they were not Burgenlanders-I'm sure their mothers likewise 
told them to avoid those Austro-Hungarian boys and stick to their own kind!

Another interesting article deals with Hess Brothers (The Wonderful World OF 
Hess's), which was Allentown;s premier department store, located at 9th & 
Hamilton Streets, alas no more and lately  a hole in the ground and soon to be 
replaced by  another building, if not a parking lot. I met my wife there while 
working part-time at Hess Brothers, where
she was a buyer in infant's wear. Turn 
back, turn back o' time in thy flight! Hess Brothers was something special as 
the article points out and still remains so in our memories. We had a no
stalgic time reliving our time there.

Other articles (14 in all) concern among other subjects, Lehigh County 
Farms,The Peter Grim Homestead
and former mayor John T. (Jack) Gross. Copies of the 
proceedings may be purchased for $15.00 at their office in the Old Courthouse 
(5th & Hamilton Streets, Allentown) or  by the LCHS office 610-435-1074.


7. MORE ON "BAN" DEFINITION (From Fritz Königshofer)

This is the little I can add to the discussion about the meaning of the terms 
Ban and Banat as discussed in the new issue (117C) of the BB Newsletter.
 
My Brockhaus encyclopedia says that Ban originally is a Slavic term 
describing the highest
rank after the Slavic prince (principes, Fürsten in German).  It 
later became a term for the rulers of the southeastern Hungarian marches 
(border
counties), which looks to me like the equivalent of Markgraf (in German)

or marquis in French.  Perhaps it meant more as it may have described the ruler 
over several marches.  Yet later, Ban became the title of the rulers or 
governors of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia.  Since Croatia had a royal crown 
(though for many centuries united with or under the Hungarian crown),
the term Ban 
in Croatia in later times resembled the rank just a step under a king, 
possibly well translated as viceroy.
 
The term Banat (which looks to me like a German form meaning "ban-ate," i.e., 
the "realm of the Ban") apparently collectively referred to the southern 
marches of old Hungary.  However, after the liberation of
this land from the Turks 
in 1718, the name Banat became limited to the banate of Temesvár.  In other 
words, Banat really got its name from the term Ban.  The area remained under 
Austrian military administration till 1751, and became part of Hungary (and its 
county-structure) only in 1779, after it had been resettled by mostly ethnic 
Germans.  Under the Turks, the land had become largely depopulated.

Newsletter continues as no. 118B.

From: GBerghold@aol.com
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 118B dtd May 31, 2003
Date: Sat, 31 May 2003 06:26:36 EDT

THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 118B
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com)
May 31, 2003
(c) 2003 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved)

ANNA KRESH HAS RECENTLY UPDATED OUR BB INTERNET LINKS AVAILABLE FROM THE BB 
HOMEPAGE. THIS IS A TIME CONSUMING BUT IMPORTANT BB FEATURE-BE SURE TO  CHECK 
IT OUT OFTEN!     

This third section of our 4-section newsletter includes:

1. Splitter (Fragments) From The Burgenländische Gemeinschaft News No, 382
2. 1000th Member Congratulatory Note From Burgenland Lt. Gov. Steindl
3. More On Vasvar (Vas Megye)
4. Weinzirl Surname In South Dakota  (from hrthullner@valleytel.net)
5. Comments & Forwarded Material From Our Staff & Readers
6. New Edition Of The Rudersdorf Bankerlsitzer  Website-Peter Sattler
7. Lehigh Valley, PA Events & Tratsch-Bob Strauch


1. SPLITTER FROM THE BURGENLÄNDISCHE GEMEINSCHAFT NEWS NO. 382

* Güssing (district city in southern Burgenland  which has the title 
"Auswanderer Stadt" (City of the Immigrants) is celebrating its thirtieth
year as a 
chartered  city (stadt). Peter Vadasz, mayor of Güssing, invites all friends of 
the city to a celebration on June 14th & 15th. He writes: "meet old friends or 
relatives and enjoy a couple of  wonderful and memorable days in our town."

* The Burgenland Bunch column (in English) written by your editor features 
part 3 of Burgenland Immigrant itineraries (previously published in the BB 
Newsletter.)

* Picture and note from Burgenland Lt. Governor Franz Steindl concerning the 
25th Flag Raising ceremony at the Austrian-Hungarian Veteran's Society in 
Allentown. 

*Immigrant deaths: in Geroldswill, Margarete Wukovits Theiler, age 72 
emigrated from Stegersbach 45 years ago. In Allentown, Margarete
E. Keppel Smith, age 
63, from Tschanigraben,. In Chicago, Frances Radostits, sister-in-law of John 
Radostits, BG club leader. In Clifton, NJ, Rosa Jelensits, age 78 from 
Punitz. In Catasauqua, PA, Helen Konrath, age 95, from Rotenturm.

*Pictures of memory feature two elderly farmer ladies from Sulz 1930, the 
Hamburg-Amerika Line ticket office in Güssing in
1931 and a picture of the Family 
Nardai from Moschendorf in 1938, in their Sunday best.

*BG dues of US $15 are due and may be sent to the BG office in Güssing or 
mailed to any of the BG representatives in the US.


2. CONGRATULATORY NOTE FROM BURGENLAND LT. GOV. FRANZ STEINDL

Sehr geehrter Herr Berghold!

Bei  meiner  Amerikareise im letzten Jahr haben wir einander kennengelernt. 
Dabei  haben  wir  auch über ihr Projekt "Burgenland Bunch" gesprochen. Wie ich 
 jetzt  erfahren habe, konnte Sie vor kurzem bereits das 1000. Mitglied in  
Ihre Organisation aufnehmen. Ich möchte Ihnen zu diesem Erfolg herzlich
gratulieren.

Seit vielen Jahrzehnten leistet die Burgenländische Gemeinschaft großartige 
Arbeit und Dank dieser Arbeit konnten viele intensive Kontakte zwischen dem 
Burgenland und seinen Auswanderern geknüpft und vertieft werden.

Burgenland  Bunch  ist  eine  wichtige Ergänzung dieser Bemühungen, weil es 
durch  die  Nutzung  des Internets gelingt, auch die Kinder und Enkelkinder von 
 Auswanderern mit der Heimat ihrer Vorfahren vertraut zu machen und die 
Verbindung  mit  dem  Burgenland zu erhalten und zu festigen. Die hohe Zahl
der  Mitglieder  zeigt  schon  jetzt,  dass Ihre Initiative auf fruchtbaren 
Boden fällt.

Ich  danke  Ihnen  für  diese  Initiative  und wünsche Ihnen weiterhin viel 
Erfolg.

Mit herzlichen Grüßen aus dem Burgenland, Ihr Franz Steindl

Mag. Franz Steindl
Landeshauptmann-Stv.
Europaplatz 1
7000 Eisenstadt

English Translation 

Dear Mr. Berghold:

I had the pleasure of meeting you last year during my trip to the United 
States. On this occasion we also talked
about your "Burgenland Bunch" project. As 
I have just learned, the Burgenland Bunch has recently welcomed its 1000th 
member. This is a success on which I would like to offer my heartfelt 
congratulations.

Thanks to the excellent job the Burgenlaendische Gemeinschaft has been doing 
for decades many strong ties have been built and intensified between 
Burgenland and its emigrants. 

The Burgenland Bunch is a valuable addition to these efforts because, by 
using the Internet, it has been reaching out to the emigrants' children and 
grandchildren, familiarizing
them with the homeland of their forefathers and thus 
prolonging and strengthening their ties with Burgenland. The high membership at 
this stage attests to the success of your initiative.

I would like to thank you for having launched this initiative and wish you 
all the very best for the future. Kind regards and best wishes from Burgenland

Franz Steindl, Deputy Governor of Burgenland

Our reply Auf Deutsch:

Sehr geehrter Herr Landeshauptmann-Stellvertreter!

Ich möchte Ihnen namens der Mitglieder des Burgenland Bunch sehr herzlich für 
die Glückwünsche danken, die Sie uns aus Anlass des Beitritts unseres 1000. 
Mitglieds übermittelt haben.

Wir hoffen, dass die Zahl unserer Mitglieder weiter wächst und dass dadurch 
die Verbindungen zur Heimat unserer Vorfahren weiter gestärkt werden können.

Ich werde mir erlauben, Ihr Email samt einer englischen Übersetzung in der 
nächsten Ausgabe des Burgenland Bunch Newsletter (31. Mai) zu veröffentlichen, 
um es auf diese Weise allen unseren gegenwärtigen und zukünftigen Mitgliedern 
zugänglich zu machen.

Mit herzlichen Grüßen

Gerry Berghold
Burgenland Bunch, Gründer & Koordinator
Herausgeber des Burgenland Bunch Newsletter

English:

The members of the Burgenland Bunch and I would like to thank you for your 
most welcome congratulatory note on the occasion of our acquiring our 1000th 
member. We hope that this growth in our membership will continue and further 
increase the ties that bind us to our ancestors' homeland. 

I am taking the liberty of publishing your email and an English translation 
in the next issue (May 31) of the Burgenland Bunch newsletter in the hope that 
it will reach all of our present and future members. With heartfelt greetings.

3. MORE ON VASVAR (VAS MEGYE)-(from Fritz Königshofer)

Fritz writes: Thanks for another fine set of BB newsletters (series no. 117). 
 With special interest I noted your discussion with Joe Jarfas on the names 
of county Vas in different languages.  I cherish Joe as a selfless helper on 
several list servers and correspondent of mine.
 
Let me try a small contribution to the debate, though I realize it would be 
much better to have a real historian comment on the subject. Much if not all of 
Vasvár megye (Komitat Eisenburg, comitatus castriferri) originally belonged 
to the diocese of Gyõr (Jaurinum).  However, the town of Vasvár appears to have 
been the seat of the county castle and also the seat of a chapter of the 
diocese (an archdiaconate) and a "Domkirche" (cathedral, or bishop's church).  
After the battle of Szentgotthárd (Mogersdorf in Austrian terminology) in 1664, 
the so-called 20-years peace between the Austrian and Ottoman Empires was 
signed in Vasvár,
which was at the time probably still the seat of the capital for 
the county of the same name.
 
However, within the 15 years after 1664, the Roman Catholic "chapter" 
relocated
from Vasvár to Szombathely which eventually, in 1777, became the seat of

its own diocese.  I don't know whether the civil administration followed the 
changes in church administration, or (as rather may be the case) the process 
occurred vice versa.



4. WEINZIRL SURNAME IN SOUTH DAKOTA (from hrthullner@valleytel.net)

Please forward to the any interested families that in Herreid, SD is the 
surname of Weinzirl.  I don't know if this is of interest to the family
with the 
similar spelling.  My father came from Monchhof in 1923.  I am a farmer and 
live on the farm that my dad, Johann Thullner, started.


5. COMMENTS & FORWARDED MATERIAL FROM OUR STAFF & READERS

*Surname Fangl (from Bob Strauch)

In Southern Burgenland dialect, a "Fangl"  (or "Fangerl") means "a little 
bit" (similiar to "a bisserl"). I assume it comes from the word
"fangen", or "to 
catch". Whether the word exists in the Northern Burgenland dialects, I can't 
say for sure.


* Jennersdorf Film (reply from the editor)

In a message dated 4/29/03, aylicfam@telusplanet.net writes:

I just read your article on the Burgenland Home Page. I am curious about your 
 statement re: 130 fiche and films on Burgenland. I've used the FHLC and 
haven't  found that many resources. I am doing research in Jennersdorf, 
Burgenland, Austria. Can  you give me any assistance?


Reply: Oh my-you are missing a treasure trove of Burgenland microfiche and 
microfilm material available from the LDS through their family history centers. 
Using their microfiche or computer Locality File-search under 
Austria-Burgenland-village name-church records or civil
registration. In your case, searching 
on Austria-Burgenland-Jennersdorf-Church Records will provide these microfilm 
nos. 

0700669 baptism, marriage, death records 1828-1860
0700670    "             "               "       "         1860-1895

Civil are: 07002944-0700299 (same for 1895-1920)

The records can also be reached by searching on Hungary-Vas-village name in 
Hungarian-Church Records. Hungarian name for Jennersdorf was Gyanafalva. It is 
worthwhile checking both since the Hungarian file includes villages which were 
not transferred to Austria in 1921. Jennersdorf is its own RC parish. 
Lutherans would belong to the Lutheran
parish of Eltendorf-a few kms to the north. 
These Lutheran records are also available. I've used them all.

Jennersdorf is now the district town for the villages in the southernmost 
part of Burgenland. Before 1921, the district town was Szt. Gotthard, still in 
Hungary. You can find all of the villages under its jurisdiction by clicking on 
our map website available from our homepage. 


*Hungarian Postal Service (from Margaret Kaiser)

According to this article, the Hungarian Postal system provides services that 
we here in the states do not expect from a postal service.

Villagers can wait for postal bus for transportation. About half a million 
citizens may be affected by the measure of the Hungarian Post Company that it 
will close down its post offices in villages with less than six hundred people 
and they want to operate a so-called mobile post, Magyar Nemzet has been 
informed.
---------------------------------------------------------------
http://www2.mno.hu/index.mno?cikk=143346&rvt=48

 (also from Margaret Kaiser) 
* Hungarian Church in Passaic, New Jersey celebrates its 100th anniversary 
(Monday, April 28, 2003, 
by WHITNEY KVASAGER, HERALD NEWS  http://www.bergen.com)-forwarded

PASSAIC, NJ - St. Stephen's Roman Catholic Magyar Church was so packed with 
people celebrating the church's 100th anniversary Sunday that parishioners sat 
in the aisles, leaned against the wall, and spilled into the street.  More 
people showed up for the centennial than for Easter a week ago. 

"One of the characteristics of St. Stephen's has been to retain the good 
things about the old country," Bishop Frank Rodimer said from the pulpit. "Your 
ancestors - our ancestors
- who came over from the old country, had very little. 
Some of them had nothing at all. But what they possessed was the most 
precious of all: the gift of  faith.


* Upcoming Events (Margaret Kaiser)

May 30 through June 1, First North American Hungarian Folk Music Festival in 
Montreal, Quebec.  Information: bokreta@hotmail.com or 
www.tanchaz.com/festivals.html

June 7, Saturday Hungarian Festival in New Brunswick, NJ. Information:
magyar@magyar.org or (201) 836-4869


6. NEW EDITION OF RUDERSDORF BANKERLSITZER WEBSITE (Peter Sattler)

Peter writes: Go to http://members.aon.at/bankerlsitzer for the new issue of 
my Rudersdorf page. Es hat diesmal länger gedauert, bis ich eine neue ausgabe 
zustandebrachte, aber es ist halt nicht soviel los inunserem dorf...viele 
grüße, peter sattler.
Wenn du im sommer kommst, besuche mich bitte. (Took longer 
than usual but not much new in our village. Many greetings-Look me up if you 
come this summer.)

(ED. Rudersdorf is in the southern district of Jennersdorf and is the first 
village just east of the Styrian border. Peter has been maintaining his great 
website for many years. In German but the pictures are great. We visited Peter 
and has lovely wife the last time we were in Burgenland. He lives just across 
the street from the Schabhüttl gasthaus which was a Batthyany coach stop 
(schloss) in the 1800's.)


7. LEHIGH VALLEY EVENTS & TRATSCH (from Bob Strauch)

1."Burgenland Weekend" at Sacred Heart/Allentown
 
Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church on N. Fourth St. in Allentown will hold 
its 2nd "Burgenland Weekend" and Homecoming on Saturday and Sunday, June 7 - 8, 
2003. Hours are Saturday from 12:00 PM until 6:00 PM (Mass at 4:00 PM) and 
Sunday from 9:00 AM until 11:00 AM (Mass at 9:00 AM). The event will feature 
displays about the history of the parish and Burgenland culture and geography. 
Pork & Sauerkraut
platters and other refreshments will be available. Admission is 
free.
 
2. 86th "Stiftungsfest" in Coplay
 
The Coplay Sängerbund, Fifth St. and Schreiber Ave. in Coplay, will hold its 
86th "Stiftungsfest" (Anniversary Celebration) on Sunday, June 22, 2003. A 
choral concert will start at 3:00 PM in the upstairs hall, featuring the Coplay 
Sängerbund Mixed Chorus, the Hianznchor, as well as other German-language 
singing
groups (the concert might actually start at 2:00 or 2:30, depending on
the 
number of groups that will be participating). Following the concert, the Joe 
Weber Orchestra will play for dancing in the newly expanded pavilion in the 
adjacent grove. Admission is $1.00.
 
3. Picnic at St. Joseph's in Limeport
 
St. Joseph Roman Catholic Church (originally a Burgenländer parish) on 
Limeport Pike in Limeport will hold the first of its two annual summer
picnics on 
Sunday, June 22, 2003. Music will be provided by the Johnny Dee (Domitrovits) 
Orchestra. Admission is free.    
 
4. Catasauqua German Brass Band Concerts - Summer 2003
 
Saturday, July 5 - Catasauqua Borough Pool and Playground, 2:00 PM (rain date 
Sunday, July 6)
Thursday, July 17 - Catasauqua High-Rise, Third and Pine Sts., 7:15 PM (rain 
or shine)
Wednesday, August 6 - North Catasauqua Playground, 7:15 PM (rain date 
Wednesday, August 13)
 
Concerts are free and open to the public.
 
5. Maibaumtänze in Coplay and Allentown
 
The Coplay Sängerbund and the Austrian-Hungarian Veterans Society (Allentown) 
each recently held their annual "Maibaumtanz"  (May Pole Dance), with both 
crowning a "Maikönigin" (May Queen). The reigning queens are
Helga Dirnbeck, née 
Deutsch of Whitehall and Dolores Spisszak, née Huber of Allentown, 
respectively. Helga is a native of Reinersdorf (husband
Edi hails from Harmisch) and 
Dolores' grandparents (Mattes and Fischl)
came from Königsdorf. Their photos will 
appear in an upcoming issue of the Burgenländische Gemeinschaft newspaper.

Newsletter continues as no. 118C

From: GBerghold@aol.com
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 118C dtd May 31, 2003
Date: Sat, 31 May 2003 06:27:16 EDT

THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 118C 
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com)
May 31, 2003
(c) 2003 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved)

This fourth section of our 4-section newsletter includes:

1. Burgenland In Former Days (Part 9, continued from 111)-Gerhard Lang
2. DNA & Genealogical Links-The Seven Daughters Of Eve
3. Hungarian Village-Rabahidveg
4. How To Determine Nationality?



1. BURGENLAND IN FORMER DAYS  (From: Gerhard Lang -Part 9, Continued From 
Newsletter 111.) Father Leopold Pritzelitz - Childhood Großhöflein

In autumn before the vintage, the wooden containers (Holzbottich" and 
"Holzputten" -  bottich" is a larger jar, which was put onto a wagon to
transport the 
grapes home from the vineyard and "putten" was a smaller jar, carried on the 
back and was used for transporting the grapes through the vineyard to the 
wagon with one or more "bottichs") were "eindechtigt" (sealed)
at the wells. That 
means that "bottiche" and "putten" were filled with water, so that the wood 
swelled and the places between the planks closed, so
that the must (grape juice) 
cannot run out during vintage. During vintage, the grapes were stamped into 
the "bottich" with a "Mostel" (pestle) to get more grapes into the vat.

Filling vats with water was a good chance for us to splash and play. As my 
parents had no vineyard, I went to the vintage with "Paul-Onkel" (uncle Paul), 
my father's brother. We children stood near the vats on the ox-wagons, which 
swayed back and forth on the bumpy dirt roads. Today all the field paths are 
asphalted. My uncle drove the oxen, which had been put into the "Kummerth" 
(yoke), with the words "Tscho hik" for "right" and "Heiß eina" for "left". We 
children helped at vintage and cut the grapes
with a "Taschenfeitl" (clasp-knife) 
into "Holzpitteln" (smaller wooden-vats). We had to pick up any grapes on the 
ground, because uncle used to say that the "must" is in there too. He also said 
that one had to sing or to whistle during vintage, so that one could not 
nibble too many grapes. Wine was a precious thing for the farmers. 

We had bread and grapes for a snack and for lunch, we had bacon, smoked meat 
or sausage with bread. Today's "Leser" (harvest-workers) get their lunch 
delivered by VW (Volkswagen)-Bus -
with soup, schnitzel and salad. For drinking we 
had the so-called "Haustrunk". After pressing the grapes, the grape marc 
("Trebern") was doused with water and pressed a second time. That brought the 
so-called "Haustrunk", "Schnitter (Mower)-Wein" or "Wasserler". For today's 
harvesters of course, a good wine has to be offered.

When a "Pittel" or bucket was full of grapes, the grapes were dumped into a 
"Butte" (vat) and carried along the "Fuhri" (Furche - "furrow") to the wagon. A 
small ladder was put to the wagon, from which the "Buttenträger" 
(vat-carrier) ascended
the wagon, poured the grapes into the "Bottich" and stamped them 
with
the "Mostel" (pestle). When all the vats were full, the grapes were brought

home. (to be continued)


Matthias Artner - part IX
After years of prosperity and social welfare, we became a 
"throw-away-society" . There were many changes in the economy and society,
and also in 
agriculture. Astonishingly environmental awareness became
accepted. In 1973, we had the 
so-called "Öl-Schock" (oil-shock), the so-called "autofreien Tag" (every 
car-owner had to leave his car at home for
one day a week) and one week of holidays 
in February, which rested as "Energieferien" (energy-holidays) up to date. 
Land use planning and land use regulation were regulated by law and after long 
negotiations, natural parks - like the national park "Neusiedler See - 
Seewinkel" were established.
New neighborhoods of row houses and other new forms of 
housing came into
existence. Strangers bought the old neighborhood houses-in the 
village-center and tried to integrate with the local villagers.

Across the frontiers and international boundaries, our neighbors are no 
longer
Yugoslavia or Czechoslovakia, there are new neighbors, the "Iron Curtain"

went down and in 1995, we got new neighbors when we joined the European Union.
The new millennium will bring new challenges. Let us appreciate the past as a 
groundwork and say yes to the new: TV, computers and Internet with all the 
advantages. However, let us not disregard the disadvantages, because that "New" 
insulates and fragments the families. "That time" was the village, the house 
with a thatched roof, the extended family, the parlor with a burning oil lamp 
or the ox-wagon, plodding slowly along the dusty village-road. The attributes 
of that time were scythe and hayfork, the "Plutzer" (clay-mug), bacon and 
home-made brown bread. 
"Today" a car can be seen in front of every house and the reapers do the 
entire harvest at the push of a button. A computer is a necessity and
is even used 
in elementary school, where in former times black board and stylus were the 
main tools. In former days people traveled with the ox-wagon, today the jet 
plane brings us into the big, wide world. (To be continued)


2. DNA & GENEALOGICAL LINKS-THE SEVEN DAUGHTERS OF EVE

I am reminded of an old cartoon in which two genealogists are standing in 
front of the graves of Adam and Eve and one says to the other 
"well-genealogically speaking-I guess this is it!" We would
all like to carry our family history 
links to such an ultimate conclusion, even though we know that lacking written 
records, it is impossible for most of us to go much beyond the 16th century,  
other than through oral tradition. In addition we all realize that the 
generational dilution of family ties becomes so great that a link beyond ten 
generations is virtually meaningless
(in ten generations we have 1024 ancestors) and 
can even exceed our capacity to develop a pedigree chart that can be easily 
viewed. Now along comes a breakthrough in DNA identification, which while it 
won't link us to Adam & Eve, may link us to one of seven clan mothers who lived 
in either Europe or Africa (or even elsewhere) many millenniums ago or even 
provide paternal links.

I just finished reading "The Seven Daughters Of Eve" -The Science That 
Reveals Our Genetic Ancestry,
by Bryan Sykes, W. W. Norton & Co. 2001. As stated by 
a Wall Street Journal critic, it is "A fascinating glimpse into anthropology 
in the era of the genome." Nature magazine says "an important work, bringing 
molecular anthropology to a mass audience." 

Bryan Sykes is professor of genetics at the Institute of Molecular Medicine 
at Oxford University and editor of The Human Inheritance, Genes , Language, and 
Evolution. Publishers' Weekly states "he has solved some of the hottest 
debates about human origins."

I'll admit I found the scientific data difficult but understandable. Put 
simply (perhaps
I'm putting too simply) it appears that we can now link to various 
family clans and their probable clan mother over a span of 10 thousand to 45 
thousand years. This is possible by identifying our individual DNA structure 
and comparing it to others and one of the seven common structures,  evolved 
over countless millenniums, which Sykes' work has established. Professor Sykes 
and his staff, for instance, extracted DNA from the remains of  the "Ice Man" 
recently discovered in the Alps and linked his DNA structure to individuals now 
living in England and elsewhere. 

The book explains how DNA structure is passed on through the generations 
through the maternal line, which is why it references the "seven daughters of 
Eve."
Using the Y-chromosome, paternal lines can also be linked.  If interested
in 
these astounding discoveries, I recommend reading this book. Among other 
things it will explain how DNA can prove the eastward Pacific migrations, the 
migrations of Asian peoples to the Americas, and the links of Europeans to 
Cro-magnon man and the northward  movement of agriculturalists, who
suoperceded them, 
 as well as explaining the "out of Africa" migrations of homo -sapiens.

Using DNA samples it is now possible to determine the clan to which you 
belong.  Oxford Ancestors (see www.oxfordancestors.com)
is offering a sample DNA 
kit (free). If interested a DNA analysis can then be furnished for $220 
(analysis requires very expensive equipment and
expertise). It is possible to then 
compare the resulting analysis with others to determine linkage. Of course, 
lacking a DNA sample, you can't link your DNA analysis to say a specific person 
like a g-g-g grandmother, but you can assume she belongs to the same maternal 
clan given her place of birth and/or
residence or genealogical linkage to someone 
else who has your particular DNA sequence.

The Oxford Ancestors brochure states:

"Trace your own ancestral mother and find your place in the world's largest 
known family tree."

"Unravel family histories by analyzing the Y-chromosome which has been passed 
uninterrupted from father to son for hundreds of years."

"Plot the geographic distribution of any surname." 

We know that the Burgenland area was frequently populated by various racial 
groups-do they have common ancestors-how do they link to one another? Do 
Germanic families in the
Burgenland have a different clan mother than the Magyars, 
Croatians or Slovenians? Can we link to specific Burgenland, Slavic or Magyar 
family groups over a multi-generational period? It would be fascinating to find 
out. I intend to submit a DNA sample to Oxford Ancestors and see what 
develops. You may wish to do likewise.

When I advised our BB staff of this subject, Charles Wardell, our WGW editor 
submitted the following for additional information:
 
"If you are interested in this area, consider subscribing to the  
GENEALOGY-DNA-L Mailing List:
http://lists.rootsweb.com/index/other/Miscellaneous/GENEALOGY-DNA.html
 
See also these important links:
http://www.smgf.org
http://www.familytreedna.com/
http://www.jewishgen.org/dna/

End of Wardell's email."

I am convinced, after reading "The Seven Daughters Of Eve" that a DNA 
analysis will
be an important addition to my own family history and I hope it will 
furnish
some clues to the racial relationships in the Burgenland. At the present

time I can not guarantee that you will be satisfied doing likewise and I only 
offer what I have found to-date. I suggest you read the book, send for a free 
DNA sample kit and decide for yourself. The BB endorses no commercial 
product, but will bring you occasional offerings of  items relating to family 
history, which we consider to be of merit.  We accept no responsibility
for actions 
arising from these articles.


3. HUNGARIAN VILLAGE-RABAHIDVEG

In a message dated 5/16/03 , helmut_somogyi@cablelan.net writes:
I would like to be added to the Burgenland Bunch data base. My name is  
Helmut Somogyi, helmut_somogyi@cablelan.net Lake Country, B.C., Canada
(I am researching) JOANNES SOMOGYI  residing in RABA-HIDVEG in 1798
Sincerely, Helmut Somogyi


Reply: Rabahidveg is about 5kms east of Vasvar and slightly west of Kormend 
in Vas Megye. A little far for Burgenland but close enough to be listed with 
us. It lies along the Raba river and was first mentioned in
records in 1265. The 
parish church is named the "Holy Trinity." A bridge carried much traffic from 
Vasvar to Germany and earliest settlers were bridge guards who were granted 
patents of minor nobility. First castle (destroyed) and replaced was owned by 
the Polonyi family, then late in the 19th century by the Barons of Seebach. 
Population is now 1119, slightly less than in  in 1878 when it had 1151 
Catholics, 13 Lutherans (church at Kolta), 3 Reformed
and 180 Jews (synagogue at 
Vasvar). It is still in the Jaras (District or Bezirk) of Vasvar.

You are in luck as the church records 1715-1895 have been microfilmed by the 
LDS (Mormon Church) and are available from any of their family history centers 
as microfilm numbers 0601483 and 484 as well as (1856-1895 marriages) no. 
1529716 Item 4.

See our archives re how to do this. The LDS has a website-see our internet 
URL list available from our homepage. I am copying our editors and other 
interested parties.


4. HOW TO DETERMINE NATIONALITY?

In a message dated 5/3/03, petmold@att.net writes: I have a question to ask 
but didn't know where to post it. My grandmother was born in 1890 in Rechnitz 
or Zuberbach, Austria.  My grandfather was born in 1889 in Narda, Nagy, 
Hungary.  As a child I remember  them speaking
Croatian and joining a Croatian Church 
and buying life insurance  from a Croatian union. Would my roots be Austrian, 
Hungarian, Croatian?  

Reply: Your roots are Croatian before 1524-Hungarian from 1524 to 
1683-Austrian from 1683 to 1868-and
Hungarian again from 1868-1921-then finally Austrian 
from 1921 to the present. These are political roots-from an ethnic standpoint, 
if your grandparents spoke Croatian you can call yourself Croatian. 
Burgenland consists
of 83% German roots, 14% Croatian, balance Magyar (Hungarian) and 
others. The Croatians came from Croatia in 1524 fleeing the Turkish invasion of 
the Balkans. See our translation of this in our newsletter series starting 
with
number 55A. From a practical standpoint, some people use the nationality
of 
the present political structure which would be Austrian (with Croatian 
roots).

END OF NEWSLETTER

BURGENLAND BUNCH STAFF (USA unless designated otherwise)
Coordinator & Editor Newsletter: Gberghold@AOL.com (Gerald J. Berghold) 
Burgenland Editor:  albert.schuch@gmx.at (Albert Schuch; Austria) 
Home Page Editor:  hapander@spacestar.net (Hap Anderson)
Internet/URL Editor:  ARKRESH@AOL.com (Anna Tanczos Kresh)

Contributing Editors:
Austro/Hungarian Research: fritzkoe@mindspring.com (Fritz Königshofer)
Burgenland Co-Editor & BG liaison: klaus.gerger@usa.net (Klaus Gerger, 
Austria)
Burgenland Lake Corner Research: dkneb@tnics.com (Dale Knebel)
Chicago Burgenland Enclave: tglatz@aol.com (Tom Glatz)
Croatian Burgenland: , fteklits@comcast.net (Frank Teklits)
Home Page village lists, eberau@mail.burgoyne.com, (Bill Rudy)
Home Page surname lists:  steichen@triad.rr.com (Tom Steichen)
Home Page membership list: lagraf1@chello.at, (Hannes Graf, Austria)
Judaic Burgenland: 71431.1612@compuserve.com (Maureen Tighe-Brown)
Lehigh Valley Burgenland Enclave: strauchfam@enter.net (Robert Strauch)
Western US BB Members-Research: rfunger@cox.net (Bob Unger)
WorldGenWeb -Austria, RootsWeb Liason-Burgenland:  cwardell@aon.at (Charles 
Wardell, Austria)

BB ARCHIVES (can be reached via Home Page hyperlinks) or a simple search 
facility (enter date or number of newsletter desired) at:
http://www.rootsweb.com/~autbur/bbnlarchx.htm
BURGENLAND HOME PAGE (WEB SITE)
http://www.spacestar.com/users/hapander/burgen.html
http://go.to/burgenland-bunch (also provides access to Burgenländische 
Gemeinschaft web site.)
WORLDGEN WEB BURGENLAND QUERY BOARD
http://boards.ancestry.com/mbexec?htx=board&r=rw&;
p=localities.ceeurope.austria.Prov.burgenland

The BB is in contact with the Burgenländische Gemeinschaft, Hauptplatz 7, 
A-7540 Güssing, Burgenland, Austria. Burgenl.gem@bnet.at

Burgenland Bunch Newsletter distributed courtesy of (c) 1999 RootsWeb.com, 
Inc. P.O. Box 6798, Frazier Park, CA 93222-6798 

Newsletter and List Rights Reserved. Permission to Copy Granted; Provide 
Credit and Mention Source.


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