|The Burgenland Bunch Genealogy Group|
Genealogists researching the multi-ethnic heritage of the Burgenland of Austria and adjoining areas of former West Hungary.
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 127 dtd March 31, 2004
Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2004 08:17:37 EST
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 127 DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY (Our 9th Year-20 Pages/4 Email Sections Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com) March 31, 2004 (c) 2004 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved) *DON'T MISS THE THIRD ARTICLE IN THE SERIES "FAMILY HISTORY OF BURGENLAND COMPOSERS" AUTHORED BY BB AUSTRIAN EDITOR FRITZ KÖNIGSHOFER IN SECTIONS A & B!* **LATE NEWS FLASH! BB ASSOC. BURGENLAND EDITOR KLAUS GERGER IN U. S. AGAIN LAST WEEK. BUSINESS TRIP TO WASHINGTON, DC. ALSO VISITED BB MEMBER ED TANTSITS IN ALLENTOWN. REPORT NEXT ISSUE. KLAUS WILL AGAIN BE IN DC THE END OF APRIL.** **AOL BLOCKS BB NEWSLETTERS AS SPAM! OVER 200 BB MEMBERS-AOL AND CLONE SUBSCRIBERS- FAIL TO RECEIVE BB NEWSLETTER NO. 126-OTHER NEWSLETTERS ALSO BLOCKED-AOL FAILS TO SATISFACTORILY RESPOND TO QUERIES! ** **ALL BB NEWSLETTERS MAY BE READ OR DOWNLOADED FROM ARCHIVES AVAILABLE FROM BB HOMEPAGE-CLICK ON NEWSLETTER ARCHIVES. SUBSCRIBERS WISHING TO RECEIVE ALL EMAIL SHOULD TURN OFF AOL SPAM CONTROLS!** RECIPIENTS PLEASE READ: You are receiving this email because you are a BB member or have asked to be added to our distribution list. To discontinue these newsletters, email Gberghold@AOL.com with message "remove". ("Cancel" will cancel membership, website listings and mail.) Send address and listing changes to the same place. Sign email with your full name and include BB in the subject line. Send no attachments or graphics unless well known to me. Please keep changes to a minimum. To join the BB, see our homepage. If you join, your email address will be available from our websites. We can't help with non-Burgenland family history. Appropriate comments and articles are appreciated. Staff and web site addresses are listed at the end of newsletter section "C". Notes and articles without a by-line are written by the editor and reflect his views. Members please exchange data in a courteous and cooperative manner-not to do so defeats the purpose of our organization. This first section of our 4-section newsletter concerns: 1. AOL Blocks BB Newsletters To AOL Subscribers! 2. Lack Of Spam-Bill Rudy 3. Chicago Area Austrian Club Events-Tom Glatz 4. BB Newsletter Archives-Charles Wardell 1. AOL BLOCKS BB NEWSLETTERS TO AOL SUBSCRIBERS! In their zeal to filter SPAM, AOL instituted a SPAM filter and blocking device some time ago. At first subscribers could select addresses they wished to block. Then AOL set up their own filter. They now decide what constitutes SPAM. In order to give subscribers some choice, AOL does allow subscribers a series of options. If you go to AOL keyword SPAM you will be taken to a web page called Spam Controls. Here you may click "accept e-mail from everyone" or "accept no email" or "only from XXX" etc. You can have blocked mail automatically deleted or put in something called "your Spam folder" which you can access and delete or declare "not Spam." If declared "not Spam" it will be sent to your mail folder where it can be read. These options are available, I understand, in AOL versions 6 to 9, not in versions 1-5. Prior to BB newsletter no. 126, we had no recent problems with newsletter delivery. When I sent our four email sections of newsletter no. 126 to RootsWeb, I expected to immediately receive my list owner copies. They never appeared. I then began receiving queries from AOL subscribers asking if I had published a February newsletter. I asked our Staff members if they had received newsletter 126-AOL subscribers hadn't. At this juncture I started an investigation. *Anna Kresh (internet editor) told me: I contacted AOL and talked to someone who said they get regular calls on this, but that regular tech support cannot help us. He seemed pretty knowledgeable on the subject and said it MUST be handled by the "Postmaster Team". He said the problem lies with them. Their direct number is 1-888-212-5537 and the call cannot be made by any of us members. The only person the Postmaster Team will pay heed to is the originator of the mailing -- that's you, Gerry, not RootsWeb. *I called the AOL Postmaster Team-I was put on hold for fifteen minutes. When I finally did speak to someone they acted surprised although I later determined they were well aware of the problems their Spam filter was causing. They didn't seem concerned that 200 BB members using AOL were affected. The contact provided no answers but suggested I send a test and get back to them. Having done so, I contacted them again and was then put on a twenty minute hold which I cancelled. To-date, no satisfactory reply to my query has been forthcoming. *On March 5, I sent all BB members the following BB NEWS -SPECIAL TEST EDITION (partial): MAJOR PROBLEM WITH DELIVERY OF BB NEWS NO. 126 DTD FEB. 29, 2004 You are receiving this edition since it has become necessary to test the Burgenland Bunch newsletter delivery system. Apparently those BB members who use AOL as their email server did not receive newsletter number 126. This is the first time that our delivery system has had a problem of this magnitude. ... etc. Many BB members subsequently responded that they had not received newsletter 126 but had received the test. * A query to Roots Web provided the following: My query: I am the listowner of Burgenland Newsletter-L. February 29 newsletters were not received by AOLsubscribers on my list. I did not receive a default copy of the 4 newsletter sections. AOL has no clue as of yet. Are you aware of a problem with them? A test that I sent today appears to be working. Roots Web response: AOL was blocking list mail from one of our servers last week again. It looks like it will be an ongoing problem. What seems to be happening is the list mail is marked as "spam" and put in the user's mailbox. If the user doesn't remove it as "not spam" but just reads and deletes it, then AOL's system assumes it was spam. They have a threshold of spam that once reached, automatically blocks the sender. So we no sooner get unblocked then it happens again. * I then notified BB staff (partial): Roots-Web has identified the problem of non-receipt of BB newsletters by AOL customers. Now what can I do? I've contacted AOL (no satisfaction or explanation to date), but all of a sudden our AOL members (213 of them plus server clones) again start receiving email from Roots-Web-the test I sent. So-possible action? Within the last month or so, AOL has instituted new Spam Controls: 1. You can select certain words like sex, insurance, mortgage etc. to cause email filtering-I did this. Sounded like a good idea but if one of you send me an email that says-"the fair sex are....."-I wouldn't receive it. So I cancelled the word filter. 2. AOL has had their own anti-Spam filter for some time, it is generated by them as well as by customers. I've used it-thought it was a good idea. You get a piece of mail which you feel is Spam and you tell them to add it to their Spam filter. That can be the end of mail of that type, but for others as well! I no longer do this. You have a choice to either have future email of that type deleted or sent to your Spam Folder (something new) If sent to your Spam folder, you can then decide to read or delete or tell AOL it is not Spam. Now this all sounds good except that in practice you will be turning mail on and off ad- infinitum! My advice: Go to AOL Spam Control and turn everything off! Check the block that says "accept mail from everyone" and the one that says "put AOL Filtered Spam in My Spam Folder." Check that folder every day as you check your mail box. Do not tell AOL that anything is Spam. Just use your delete button on suspicious looking email. If you lose some email-so be it. * I also found the following by searching on-line: subject "AOL Problems" "We often receive messages from people saying that they did not receive newsletter or that it was received as an attached file or that they tried to read it on the Web but found an old version there, not the current version. The interesting thing is that 99% of these messages come from AOL members or from members of AOL's two subsidiaries: CompuServe and Netscape." "Indeed, online life is more difficult for AOL members than for subscribers to regular Internet services. AOL's software operates in a non-standard manner, causing many extra difficulties for AOL members." Some solutions: Newsletter does not arrive in AOL e-mail AOL deletes millions of machine-generated e-mail messages every day. That includes "spam mail" as well as things like Eastman's newsletter, Ancestry Daily News, virus bulletins, stock market newsletters news alerts, online auctions, or even the daily weather forecast from weather.com. Further information is available at http://email@example.com/msg05431.html. One recent survey found that AOL deletes 25% of all electronic newsletters! AOL also deletes more than newsletters: sales payment confirmations, company newsletters and HR bulletins, and even college acceptance messages. Anything sent en masse, by machine--- even totally legitimate emails you've asked for or need or even paid for. AOL is in violation of Internet standards, but they don't seem to care. When a 9.0 member uses their "Report as Spam" button, their personal filter will diagnose the message and "learn" what the member considers junk mail. These are called training events, and after 20-30 training events, the member's personal spam filter will be active. This sounds good until you realize that many AOL members use this as a substitute instead of un-subscribing from this or other newsletters. Yes, people can change their default settings to show junk mail folders, but experience has shown that AOL members rarely do that. A Solution AOL has the highest customer turnover rates in the industry, the average AOL customer cancels his or her account within a few months and moves to a different Internet provider. With all the shortcomings of AOL's software, one can see why. Luckily, there are many Internet providers who can provide better Internet access for $9.95 a month or even less. However, for those who do wish to keep their AOL accounts, it is easy to obtain a second e-mail address that is not "censored" by AOL...You'll find that both of these mail systems are much better than AOL mail: they have more features, they don't convert large e-mails to attached files, they both have better anti-spam and anti-virus filters and they don't delete electronic newsletters the way AOL does. Both are free of charge. HotMail also offers free e-mail and is very popular. However, HotMail doesn't filter out junk mail as well as MyWay.com and Yahoo do. HotMail also uses Microsoft's .NET passport system, which has had several major security holes. * Anna Kresh then writes: Fritz, I just retrieved your email below from my Spam Folder. AOL classified it as spam. I have absolutely no idea how many messages I have missed since I only began checking the folder a few days ago. This is getting ridiculous. I called the postmaster team at AOL and they want to talk only to the person in charge of the mail server. I'm afraid I lost my cool. After chewing them out royally telling them their new mail filters stink, and that they are going to lose a lot of customers over this, Lynn on the Postmaster Team said "OK, that's fine", at which point I hung up. He intimated that someone from comcast.com has sent out spam so they are on "the list". Arghhhhh!!! *Your editor is ready and willing to change your BB address. Unfortunately he must retain his until such time as the world at large and many linked organizations and publications can be notified of the change. 2. LACK OF SPAM Bill Rudy, our BB Villages Page Editor sends the following: You may have noticed in all the mail that goes back and forth about spam that I don't comment. The reason is I get very little (maybe 2 per week). I used to get a lot of disgusting spam when I used AOL, and it didn't seem to matter what I did, filtering or not. A network administrator friend suggested that, despite what AOL says they try to do about spam, either they are not serious or they are too big a target and spammers use them. Anyway, I have had two local (local to Utah) providers and my spam went to near zero with little or no filtering. I conclude that the BB pages are not the cause of people receiving much spam since I would get it too since my name and address are all over the site. Therefore I recommend that people use local ISPs and see if that will solve their problem. I also recommend that we continue to remind people that their other internet activities are at least or more likely to be the cause of their spam. ED comment: Internet Editor Anna Kresh has had similar experience with her extra local ISP. 3. CHICAGO AREA AUSTRIAN CLUB EVENTS (from Tom Glatz) I just received notice of some events in Chicago. I don't have many details. As I find out more, I'll let you know for our newsletter. April 18 Chicago Zither Club St. Luke's Church in Park RidgeChicago Zither Club Spring Concert 3PM at St. Luke's Lutheran Church 205 N. Prospect Park Ridge, Illinois Tickets: $10 in Advance $15 at the door. For more information & tickets: Janet Stessl 773-631-2854 May 2 Steirer Damenchor Concert May 23 Czechoslovak-American Musicians Club Spring Concert & Dance 4. BB NEWSLETTER ARCHIVES (from Charles Wardell) (ED. Note: The previously mentioned AOL fiasco had BB members scrambling to download the undelivered newsletters from our archives. There was a little confusion, so Charles sent the following to Tom Glatz and others:) The link I sent: http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/index/BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER/2004-02 is the Rootsweb mailing list archive. This uses an automatic archiver that's available for ALL Rootsweb Mailing lists. This is NOT the BB archive. The BB archive is: http://www.rootsweb.com/~autbur/bbnlarchx.htm The main differences are that: a) the Rootsweb archive is not always available (sometimes it's been offline for weeks) b) Rootsweb has one file (dynamic, built from DB) per message; the BB archive has one file per newsletter. c) BB has no control over what is in the Rootsweb archive. Deletions/changes are not possible. d) BB has full control over the BB archive e) and, most important: the BB archive is searchable I manually convert every single newsletter to a static HTML file that can then be indexed by search engines. This is quite a tedious editing process ...... and if anybody is willing to help I would appreciate your assistance. Main skills required: good at copy/pasting and editing text and HTML files. Please contact me. Best wishes, Charles (may be reached at: firstname.lastname@example.org) Newsletter continues as no. 127A.
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 127A dtd March 31, 2004
Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2004 08:17:59 EST
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 127A DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY (Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com) March 31, 2004 (c) 2004 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved) ***THE NEXT TWO SECTIONS CONTAIN THE THIRD ARTICLE IN THE SERIES "FAMILY HISTORY OF BURGENLAND COMPOSERS" WRITTEN BY BB AUSTRIAN EDITOR FRITZ KÖNIGSHOFER. *** (see previous newsletters for Joseph Hayden and Franz Liszt) The Composer Mihály Mosonyi of Frauenkirchen and his Family Background By Fritz Königshofer (c) March 2004 Mihály Mosonyi, esteemed by Hungarians as one of their country's most important composers, was born as Michael Brand into a family of furriers at Frauenkirchen in the center of the "Heideboden" (heath ground) east of the Lake of Neusiedl in today's Burgenland, or Boldogasszony as the town was called in Hungarian when it was still part of old Moson county. Only the date of his baptism - September 4, 1815 - was recorded in the records of the town's famous pilgrimage church and parish dedicated to the birth of Virgin Mary. To Mosonyi belongs the fame of being the first Hungarian composer of a symphony. He was a staunch defender and musical ally of Franz Liszt when the latter was attacked for his opinions on the gypsy origins of Hungarian music, long before Liszt became a Hungarian icon. Interestingly, according to a recent article by Klaus Derx ("Franz Liszt's Beziehungen zum Heideboden," Volk und Heimat, 2000), Liszt's parents including their then four years old and soon to be famous son, may have lived at the Esterhazy estate in Frauenkirchen for a short while just about when Michael Brand/Mosonyi was born, providing us with the liberty to imagine that a creative spark may have been passed on between the two geniuses, just as may have happened earlier between Joseph Haydn and the Liszt family. Sources/acknowledgements The written sources used for this article were the dissertation by János Káldor, at the University of Leipzig, Germany, 1936, titled "Michael Mosonyi (1815-1870)," and the entry on the composer in volume 9 of the encyclopedia "Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart," published by Bärenreiter in 1961. Due to my language limitations, I was not able to review Hungarian sources such as Mosonyi's biography written, still in the 19th century, by composer colleague Kornél Ábrányi. I am grateful for the information received from Dr. Sepp Gmasz who works for Austrian Radio/TV, but also looks after the archive of Neusiedl am See. Dr. Gmasz hails from Frauenkirchen, wrote his doctoral thesis about his home town, and together with his father was the author of a book on Frauenkirchen (published in the early 1980s and titled "Chronik der Stadtgemeinde Frauenkirchen"). My thanks also go to Prof. Dr. Wendelin Schmidt-Dengler, head of the Austrian Literature Archive at the Austrian National Library, who provided me with access to Káldor's dissertation. I express my gratitude to Father Pleschberger of the Franciscan convent in Frauenkirchen who gave me access to the original matrikels of Frauenkirchen. Last but not least I am indebted to Austrian BB editor Dr. Albert Schuch who once again proved indispensable with advice and good tips for sources and contacts (including pointing me to the already mentioned article by Klaus Derx), and to BB member Robert Paulson who answered my call for information about Mosonyi's Thell line. Life and work of the composer Mihály Mosonyi was born as Michael Brand in Frauenkirchen, likely between September 2 and 4, 1815. Since only the date of his baptism, September 4, is recorded in the matrikels, the implication might well be that the birth had happened on the same day. However, some sources claim the day of birth as September 2. Michael was the fourth child of his parents, i.e., of master furrier Michael Brand and his wife Elisabeth nee Thell. Michael jun. received his initial musical education through self-study, likely encouraged by the local schoolmaster Anton Jarosch and perhaps the Franciscan brothers of the convent. At age 14, he already substituted for the schoolmaster/cantor on the church's organ. He went on to attend high school at Magyaróvár (Ungarisch Altenburg). At age 19, he moved to the city of Pressburg (today's Bratislava, Hungarian name Pozsony) where he was able to study under musical director Karl Turányi while earning his living as a book-printer. From 1835 onwards, Michael spent the summers at the estate of count Pejáchevich in Rétfalu (probably the place with this name in old Verõce county of Slavonia, today's Retfala in Croatia), teaching the count's children in music. He spent the winters in Pressburg and Vienna. In 1842, he moved to Pest where after an economically difficult start, he eventually became a sought-after teacher of piano, music theory, and composition. His circle of friends included Erkel (composer of the Hungarian national anthem), Ábrányi, and Liszt with whom he stayed in close letter and personal contact till his death. In 1845, Michael Brand married Pauline Weber whose family likely was local to Pest. A brother of Pauline was the painter Henrik Weber (1818-66) whose famous picture of the couple today has a prominent place at the National Gallery in Budapest's castle. This painting can be viewed on the web, e.g., at address http://hungart.euroweb.hu/english/w/weber/muvek/mosonyi.html The next years proved to be a time of crisis for Michael Brand triggered by a number of external factors. First, he suffered from and took to heart some negative criticism of his music. Secondly, like many Hungarians, Mosonyi was likely demoralized by the failed Hungarian uprising of 1848/49 against the Habsburg monarchy. Thirdly, after only six years of marriage, his beloved wife Pauline died in 1851. The fact is that, except for his mass in F major, Mosonyi composed very little, if anything, between 1846 and 1854. However, after this difficult phase, his creative energy did return, and soon went into the completely new direction of developing a national, genuinely Hungarian style of music. The change in style started in 1857 with the piano piece "Pusztai élet" (Life in the Puszta), and soon became all-encompassing. It may have been triggered by a visit to Hungary by empress Elizabeth ("Sissy") in the same year, for which the Hungarians tried to put together, and present to her, an album of genuine, newly created Hungarian music. In 1859, the composer changed his name to Mosonyi Mihály, a name change likely not prepared or formalized by a legal act. Mosonyi became one of the main contributors to the first Hungarian music journal "Zenészeti Lapok" ("Musical Sheets") founded in 1860 by his friend Ábrányi. While it is assumed that he drafted his countless articles in German, he already spoke quite good Hungarian at the time. Mosonyi continued to promote the works of Liszt, while further developing his own unique Romantic Hungarian style. In 1870, Liszt invited him to the estate of baron Augusz, a benefactor and friend of Liszt, in Szekszárd, county Tolna, where Liszt often used to spend summer vacations. On the way back to Pest from this visit, Mosonyi and his travel party were hit by a thunderstorm. He caught a severe cold, from which within two weeks he died on October 31, 1870 in Pest. Mosonyi thus died just about two years before Buda, Pest and Óbuda were united into the city of Budapest. Liszt commemorated the death of Mosonyi with a splendid composition of elegiac music which he added as the final piece to the collection called "Hungarian Historical Portraits." Mosonyi's achievements as a composer comprise two symphonies - establishing him, as already mentioned, as the first Hungarian who worked in this genre, symphonic poems, three operas, chamber music, pieces for piano, and songs. His masses no. 1 in C and no. 3 in F continue to be popular today. Mosonyi is also well known for the chorals and cantatas he wrote. Another of his feats was the transcription for the piano of Beethoven's 9th symphony. However, most of the enduring fame of Mosonyi stems less from his "cosmopolitan" style before 1857, but rather from the national Hungarian Romantic style he created, in fact invented, afterwards. He is regarded as the composer who ennobled the already existing entertainment music of the military (the so-called Verbunkos music played by recruitment teams that wanted to entice young men to sign up for the military, before the time of the obligatory draft) and the music of the countryside, by synthesizing these styles with Western symphonic forms to perfection. Readers can inform themselves of some of Mosonyi's music by, e.g., playing it from web sites like www.amazon.com. Select Classical Music, then Mosonyi. If you listen to the sample from "The Little Gypsy" in his Hungarian Children's World, I bet you will be totally enchanted by the melody. Other particularly beautiful pieces can be found in the piano works no. 4 (samples of "Hungarian Music" and "New Year Present"), and in the Adagio of the piano concerto in E minor. Look especially for the empathetic interpretations of the music rendered by pianist István Kassai. These and the other pieces of Mosonyi's music are simply beautiful to listen to. Direct family lines My sources do not mention whether the marriage between Mihály Mosonyi and Pauline nee Weber produced any children, or whether Mosonyi may have had any other children. Therefore, without claim to certainty, we probably have to assume that the composer himself left no progeny. Mosonyi's parents were Michael Brand (senior) and Elisabeth nee Thell, a furrier family in Frauenkirchen. The spelling of these German last names varied over time. Other spellings found in the matrikels are Brandt, Prandt, Prand, and Thöll, Töll, Tell, Till, Theel, Theül, respectively. The couple must have married around 1810. The marriage record cannot be found in the matrikels of Frauenkirchen. Therefore, the marriage likely took place in the hometown of Elisabeth Thell which is yet unknown to me. In my search, I was not able to find birth records of the two in the matrikels of Frauenkirchen. The name Thell is frequent in neighboring areas of Frauenkirchen, especially Andau (Mosontarcsa). Dr. Gmasz gave me the birth date of Elisabeth Thell as November 19, 1783, believed to be in Frauenkirchen, but this birth place would leave open the question of why her marriage with Michael apparently is not recorded in the matrikels of the same parish. Elisabeth Brand nee Tell died at house Frauenkirchen no. 2 on April 1, 1860. The death entry lists her as the wife of the master furrier Michael Brand, her age at death as 76, having died from "old age." Thus, the death record is consistent with the possible birth date indicated above. Her husband Michael Brand, "Kirschner" (furrier), widowed, is listed as deceased on February 19, 1866, same address, age 83 and a half, also as having died of "old age." The relatively precise indication of his age at death would allow to place his birth date around August, 1782. Mosonyi's paternal grandfather had the name Michael Brand too, and also was a furrier by profession. According to information I received from Dr. Gmasz, this grandfather of the composer's Brand family line might originally have hailed from Neusiedl am See (Nezsider) where Brand families of furriers already were established at least as far back as the early 18th century. In the 1770s, the composer's grandfather, Michael Brand, moved from Mönchhof (Barátudvar) to Frauenkirchen, where for 550 florins he and his wife Franziska bought the so-called "Neuhäusl (new cottage) auf dem alten Schäflerhof" (a "Söllner" property, i.e., a house with too little land, if any, to be a farm). This house stood at the place where the glaziery Hafner was located in the 1980s, and where a commemorative plaque about the birth of the composer can be seen. Since according to the research of Dr. Gmasz the family had acquired the property on October 23, 1776, one would assume that the birth of son Michael (Mosonyi's father) or other children of the couple could be found in the matrikels of Frauendorf. However, in my few hours at the Franciscan convent, I did not find the entries. Perhaps, there is an inconsistency in the dates of the move of the family to Frauenkirchen, implying that the childbirths for Mosonyi's grandparents (including the birth of Mosonyi's father) would have to be found in the matrikels of Mönchhof or even Neusiedl am See. The information that the Brand family of Frauenkirchen had previously lived in Mönchhof comes from business documents in the Esterhazy archive which Dr. Gmasz inspected in the course of his research. While we have no corroborating evidence about the identity of the Brands who are recorded in the matrikels of Frauenkirchen, it is likely that it were the composer's grandparents who died there on November 23, 1805 (Michael Brandt, furrier, age 72, of high fever), and March 4, 1810 (Francisca Prandin, inquilina, age 66, of a stroke). These dates would place the births of the composer's paternal grandparents into the approximate years 1733 and 1743, respectively. Checking the matrikels of Neusiedl am See, Dr. Gmasz found a marriage record, dated February 25, 1770, of a Michael Brand, furrier, and a Franziska nee Gartner. This may well be the marriage of the composer's grandparents, especially since there apparently are no further traces of a Michael and a Franziska Brand with fitting age and profession in the subsequent records of Neusiedl, e.g., no death record of a suitable Franziska Brand. It is possible that grandfather Michael was born in Neusiedl on March 5, 1737 as "Johannes Michael Prand," the son of the furrier Josef Prand (himself the son of Mathias and Anna Prand) and wife Eva. However, there is an obvious discrepancy between this birth date and the age stated at the death of Michael in the year 1805 in Frauenkirchen, and there was another Michael Brand, inquilinus, who lived in Neusiedl with wife Eva, and died widowed at age 76 on September 28, 1813 in Neusiedl. Thus, this Michael might be a better match as a candidate for the Johannes Michael born in 1737 (although he was never listed as a furrier and his wife had the first name Eva). Perhaps after their marriage, Mosonyi's grandfather Michael and spouse Franziska first settled in Mönchhof, before they bought the property in Frauenkirchen and moved there. As further information received from Dr. Gmasz, the composer's grandfather Michael Brand on January 11, 1795 deeded his house (the "Neuhäusl") in Frauenkirchen to his son Johannes and wife Elisabeth subject to a life estate for himself and his wife. Consequently, Johannes Brand took full possession of the house only after the death of his mother in 1810. There is a discrepancy in these data, as it was son Michael (the composer's father) and not Johannes who was married with Elisabeth (nee Thell), while, as we shall see later, there was a Johannes, the likely older brother of Michael, in Frauenkirchen, also a furrier, who was married with Magdalena nee Hegyi (and not with an Elisabeth). Continues in Newsletter Section 127B.
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 127B dtd March 31, 2004
Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2004 08:18:19 EST
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 127B DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY (Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com) March 31, 2004 (c) 2004 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved) The Composer Mihály Mosonyi of Frauenkirchen and his Family Background By Fritz Königshofer (c) March 2004 (continued from BB News No. 127A) >From these data and from other data which will be discussed later, we can put together the following working hypothesis about the descent of the composer. His paternal grandparents were Michael Brand, master furrier, and Franziska (possibly, but not with any certainty yet, a nee Gartner) who originally might have hailed from Neusiedl am See, but moved to Frauenkirchen, in the 1770s or 1780s, coming from Mönchhof. The records of Frauenkirchen point to three possible children of this couple who lived and/or died in Frauenkirchen: (a) Johannes Brand, furrier, born about 1771/72 or 1776/77, married with Magdalena nee Hegyi of Levél in Moson county; (b) Magdalena Brand, born about 1780/81, and married with Mathias Unger, master blacksmith in Frauenkirchen; and (c) Michael Brand, born about August 1782, married with Elisabeth nee Thell. The latter were the composer's parents. The composer's siblings: The following children of Mosonyi's parents were recorded in the baptismal records of Frauenkirchen. Since I have not found the marriage record of Mosonyi's parents, there remains a question mark, though likely just a minor one, about possible earlier children born elsewhere. 1. Rosalia, born September 29, 1811. She gave birth, out of wedlock, to an Elizabeth (born and died in 1844). Rosalia died unmarried at house no. 2 on March 11, 1864, her age at death recorded to be 51. 2. Peter, born August 5, 1813. No death is recorded, but he likely died as a baby, as can be deducted from the rather brief interval to the birth of the next child and the fact that another son was named Peter in 1829. 3. Franziska, born September 12, 1814. 4. Michael, baptized September 4, 1815. This is the composer, the subject of this article. 5. Elisabeth, born April 18, 1817. She died from fever on September 2, 1818. 6. Magdalena, born April 1, 1819. She died from a catarrh on April 12, 1819. 7. Anna, born May 25, 1820. She married twice and had children. The data on her will be discussed below. She died as a widow on September 23, 1895 at age 76 at house no. 81. 8. Barbara, born June 18, 1822. 9. Franz, born October 4, 1824. He died from, likely, feverish convulsions (called "Fraisen" in German) on December 13, 1824. 10. Eleonora, born February 23, 1826. 11. Peter, born September 10, 1829. For all these births, Peter Piller, a merchant or grocer, and Rosalia Petra or Petray, his spouse, served as godparents. The marriage record of that couple is not found in the matrikels of Frauenkirchen. The matrikels of Frauenkirchen contain no data on further vital events such as marriage or death of Franziska, Barbara, Eleonora and Peter Brand. There are also no recordings about possible siblings that otherwise may be unaccounted for above. However, the matrikels document the marriages and death of Anna, born 1820. Accordingly, Anna, at age 22, first married in Frauenkirchen on July 5, 1842. Her husband was Stefan Baumann, 21, originally from Magyaróvár, son of Ignaz Baumann, a ropemaker, and Katharina Angerbauer (or Augenbauer). After Stefan Baumann apparently died relatively soon, Anna nee Brand remarried on November 6, 1845 in Frauenkirchen. Her second husband was Jakob Zehender, 24, single, a ropemaker from Bruck an der Leitha, a town in Lower Austria just across the border from then Hungary (or from today's Burgenland), the son of Josef Zehender, a burgher of that town, and Theresia nee Novak. Jakob Zehender and Anna nee Brand lived at house no. 2 (where her parents, i.e., the composer's parents, also lived till their death). Jakob Zehentner [sic], husband of Anna Brand, died at house no. 72 on January 31, 1892, at age 73. His widow Anna (nee Brand) died from stomach cancer on September 23, 1895, at house no. 81 (which apparently belonged to a Neuberger family). Sometimes after the death of Mosonyi's father in 1866, the family may have lost (or sold) house no. 2. From the late 1870s onwards, other families are documented as living at no. 2, including, in the late 1880s, the town clerk Karl Heidecker, originally from Steyr in Upper Austria, who died at no. 2, at age 65, on January 1, 1890. Anna nee Brand likely had two children from her first marriage with Stefan Baumann. One of these, Magdalena, born 1843, died early in 1846. The other child, Anna, born about 1845, married on June 11, 1871 in Frauenkirchen. The groom was Martin Neuberger, 30, a shoemaker, of Frauenkirchen no. 84, the son of Martin Neuberger, a ropemaker, and Theresia Zwikl. This young family of Martin and Anna Neuberger mostly lived at house no. 198, and had several children. Of the children from Anna's second marriage with Jakob Zehender, I found the following marriages in the records of Frauenkirchen: (1) on February 6, 1877, Josef Zehentner [sic], 23, single, milliner, of Frauenkirchen no. 42, the son of Jakob and Anna nee Brandt, married Rosa nee Weisz, 20, of Frauenkirchen no. 16, the daughter of Franz Weisz, glazier, and Theresia nee Gruber. This family mostly lived at house no. 40 and had several children; (2) On November 26, 1883, Adolf Szloboda, 23, single, shoemaker, of Alsókorompa in Pozsony county, the son of Josef Szloboda and Maria nee Schneider, married Eleonore Zehenntner [sic], 21, of Frauenkirchen no. 78, the daughter of Jakob Zehenntner and Anna nee Brand. This family recorded one childbirth in December 1883 at house no. 78, and may have moved away afterwards; and (3), on August 24, 1891, Karl Dobrovovszky, 32, single, a finance/tax inspector, born in Nagytapolcsány in Nyitra county and living in Szered in Pozsony county, the son of the burgher Josef Dobrovovszky and Maria nee Czigling, married Maria Zehentner, 33, single, of Frauenkirchen no. 78, the daughter of Jakob and Anna nee Brand. This obviously does not capture any marriages of Zehentner children that took place outside of Frauenkirchen. Especially, there was a son Jakob Zehentner jun. who continued the ropemaking business of his father in Frauenkirchen. He was married with Theresia nee Maurer of Neusiedl am See. They mostly lived at house no. 78 and had several children. It would appear likely that they married in Neusiedl. There is, of course, an intriguing question mark about a possible link between the glazier family of Weisz and the fact that the plaque commemorating the birth of Mihály Mosonyi is affixed at the property of the former glaziery Hafner. Other likely related lines As was already mentioned, the records of Frauenkirchen indicate that there were two likely other children of the original Brand family (Michael and Franziska) who lived and had families in Frauenkirchen, besides Mosonyi's father Michael. These likely siblings of Mosonyi's father were Magdalena and Johann Brand. However, let us keep in mind that without finding the birth records of these members of the Brand family, we can at this time only conjecture that they were aunt and uncle of the composer, although I would rate the likelihood of this being the case as very high. Magdalena nee Brand, a likely aunt of Mosonyi, was married with Mathias Unger, a master blacksmith. She died on August 28, 1845 in Frauenkirchen, as a widow of 64 years of age. Based on the age stated in her death record, Magdalena would have been born in 1780/81, which suggests that Magdalena had been the child born in sequence just before Mosonyi's father Michael. Unfortunately, since in my checking of the matrikels of Frauenkirchen I initially did not focus on Magdalena Unger nee Brand, I noted only in passing two childbirths for the couple, namely Mathias in 1824 and Josef in 1826, clearly late children of this family. It is entirely possible that this "Unger" line branched out further and that descendents of it live today in Frauenkirchen and elsewhere. There is much more information I was able to collect on Johann Brand, a furrier and likely the elder brother of Michael and Magdalena, and thus an uncle of the composer. His marriage was recorded in the parish records of Levél (Kaltenstein) in Moson county, the parish records of Hegyeshalom (Strass-Sommerein) which served as the main parish for Levél, and also in Johann's home parish of Frauenkirchen. In most aspects these three separate entries are consistent with each other in that the marriage took place on February 16, 1801 at Hegyeshalom, with the groom being Johann Brand, (master) furrier, catholic, single, of Frauenkirchen, while the bride was Magdalena Hegyi, catholic, of noble descent, single, of Levél. The only discrepancies are the age of the groom which was recorded as 29 in Frauenkirchen, but as 24 in the Levél and Hegyeshalom entries, the age of the bride which is stated as 22 in Frauenkirchen and 23 in the other two entries, and the last name of the groom which is written as Prandt in the Frauendorf entry. His age at marriage would place the birth of Johann Brand into 1771/72 or 1776/77, respectively. It could well be that I misread the age in the Frauenkirchen matrikels, and it indeed rather is written as 24. Best men at the marriage were Mathias Limpp, a blacksmith from Levél, and Michael Schreyer, an innkeeper. The matrikels of Levél recorded the birth of bride Magdalena nee Hegyi on June 16, 1774, to parents Josef and Maria Hegyi. This would suggest that Magdalena rather was 26, not 22 or 23, when she married, lending additional weight to an actual age of 24 for the groom. Many marriage records were "beautified" in those times, toward an "ideal" age for the groom of around 25, and the bride of around 20. Some other spellings of Magdalena's maiden name were Högyi, Högy, Hegi and Heggi. Magdalena Brand nee Hegyi, "wife of master furrier Johann Brand," died on August 19, 1849, at age 70, from cholera. I have not been able to locate the death entry of her husband. The marriage of Johann and Magdalena Brand produced the following childbirths recorded in the matrikels of Frauenkirchen: 1. Josef, born March 11, 1802. He died from smallpox (variola) on October 9, 1806. 2. Anna, born January 31, 1804. She married on January 17, 1831 in Frauenkirchen. Her husband was Johann Kaintz, 24, single, a tailor hailing from Halbturn (Féltorony), son of Georg Kaintz and Dorothea nee Hann (who are listed as house-servants of archduke Karl). 3. Johann, born February 23, 1806. He died from smallpox on December 22, 1806, just a few days later than his older brother. 4. Josef, born September 6, 1807. He became a teacher. On July 15, 1835, he married at Szentjános (today's Jánossomorja) Katharina nee Hofer, daughter of Thomas Hofer and Elisabeth nee Smidt/Schmidt of Szentjános. At the time of the marriage, Josef Brand served as the schoolmaster of Magyarkimle (Ungarisch Kimling) in Moson county. 5. Anton, born November 16, 1809. He died on November 24, 1809. 6. Magdalena, born October 22, 1810. 7. Johann, born November 22, 1811. He married on April 9, 1837 in Frauenkirchen. His wife was Elisabeth Gottfrid, 24, single, of Vitnyéd (Letting), daughter of Leopold Gottfrid, huntsman ("venator"), and Anna nee Enigl. Johann Brand died of old age on March 20, 1881, at age 71, at Frauenkirchen no. 21, leaving his wife Elisabeth behind who died nine years later, on June 9, 1890, also of old age, at house no. 86. House no. 21 may have been owned by either the Kaintz (see Anna nee Brand above) or the Brand families, but from the early 1880s onwards, families with other names appear to have lived there. 8. Theresia, born January 31, 1814. 9. Michael, born August 17, 1816. Various couples served as godparents in various combinations for the nine childbirths listed above, namely, Josef and Anna Türinger/Tiringer, Anton Schalkhorn and Theresia nee Malek, Josef Mayer, and Eva Ulram. Notes on the main surnames The composer adopted the Hungarian surname Mosonyi. This name literally means "from Moson" (county, or its capital), and was clearly demonstratively "Magyar," as Moson, alternatively spelled Mosony, was the old Hungarian county the composer hailed from. This name had the same meaning as "Wieselburger" would have had in German. The pronunciation of the adopted name would be "Mo-shon-yi" with - as always with Hungarian words - the stress and highest pitch on the first syllable, and with the second and third syllable progressively lower in intonation. His original surname Brand likely goes back to the German word "Brand" for burn, which in German and English has the - by now almost forgotten - derived meaning of "blade" or "dagger" (probably due to the "burning pain" caused when pierced by this weapon). Since "brand" in this meaning was part of first names such as Hildebrand, it is possible that Mosonyi's family originally acquired its name as a short form of one of these first names. Another derivation would be from the act of burning trees in order to clear a new settlement from a primeval forest. The surname of the composer's mother, i.e., Thell, likely has a similar derivation from a first name. In this case, the original first name had "diet" in it, like Dietrich or Diethard, as derived from the old meaning "diet" for "our people" (which is also the likely root of the word "deutsch"). The short or nickname form of first names like Dietrich was Till, as can be found in the famous name of fairy tales, Till Eugenspiegel, or the mythical people's hero William Tell of Switzerland. The same root is contained in the name of the well known contemporary cartoon series Dilbert. In other words, both surnames of Mosonyi's parents might have had their origin as German first names. Concluding remarks In this series of articles on famous musicians of the Burgenland, Mosonyi Mihály was perhaps the composer with the most straightforward "Burgenland" descent of all, as both father and mother and their ancestors likely hailed from the region between Neusiedl am See and Pamhagen, i.e., the area spanning Heideboden to Seewinkel (Lake Corner). However, Mosonyi also was the composer making the clearest declaration of belonging with heart and soul to his home country Hungary, by not only magyarizing his name, but also dedicating himself to raising the status of and perfecting genuinely "Hungarian" music. As a consequence, compared to, e.g., Franz Liszt, Joseph Joachim and Karl Goldmark, Mosonyi has never been recognized as a "German" composer, not even under his original name of Michael Brand. There is no entry for him in the "Neue Deutsche Biographie" encyclopedia. This fact places Mosonyi into quite a unique position among these other "German, Austrian and Hungarian" composers who have all simultaneously been claimed by more than one, and sometimes all three, of these nations. Since the family names Zehentner, Neuberger, Kaintz and Unger still exist today in Frauenkirchen as evidenced by the listed entries in the Austrian phone directory (http://etb.herold.at), it is quite possible that there are people among them who, via lines descending from Mosonyi's sister Anna, his uncle Johann or his aunt Magdalena, or others, share some of the blood of this very special and remarkable musician. Newsletter continues as no. 127C.
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 127C dtd March 31, 2004
Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2004 08:18:41 EST
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 127C DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY (Issued monthly by Gberghold@AOL.com) March 31, 2004 (c) 2004 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved) This fourth section of our 4-section newsletter includes: 1. Some Comments from The Heart-Stop Publishing? 2. A Visit To Wolfau & Königsdorf-F. Karner & Tom Glatz 3. Slovenian Burgenland 4. Taste Of The Burgenland-Schmarn (Kaiserschmarren) 5. More On Fastnachts 6. BG 2004 Picnic-Dr. Walter Dujmovits & Bob Strauch 1. SOME COMMENTS FROM THE HEART-STOP PUBLISHING? I've developed a pretty tough skin after nine years of editing this newspaper and coordinating the Burgenland Bunch. On occasion some internet idiots can still pierce my hide. The recent AOL fiasco was one such. I can understand stupid corporate decisions-I was part of corporate America once myself. Nonetheless, 14 years with AOL comes to an expenditure of about $4000 and you'd think that AOL would be more considerate and helpful to good customers. It's also hard to understand people who repay free help with inconsiderate acts. This is a sure way to kill the goose that lays the golden eggs. The AOL problem clearly indicates that some of our members cancelled our newsletter by reporting it to AOL as SPAM. They probably didn't do this intentionally (I hope) but because they were too lazy to send me an email saying "remove"-it was easier to click on "report as SPAM." Given the effort required to provide the BB website and newsletter, this is a real kick in the nether regions. The down side is that this newsletter and others like it may eventually become a thing of the past. If we become too annoyed, our newsletters will eventually be discontinued or available only through paid subscription. I guess there are those who don't think or care about that aspect. That inconsiderate people are in the minority among BB members is attested by the response the rest of the AOL BB membership gave our test. We not only received replies from most everyone, we received a lot of thanks and fine comments. It's this sort of response that keeps us going. Thank you one and all. I hope you receive this newsletter edition. I won't stop publishing the newsletter yet, but I'm beginning to think about it. 2. A VISIT TO WOLFAU & KÖNIGSDORF Member Frank Karner writes: We had an opportunity to visit my ancestral Heimat of Burgenland in the fall of 2003, and was very impressed with the BB folks we met there. My grandparents were both born in Wolfau, and my Father was born in Koenigsdorf in 1896. We were able to visit both villages again, and we were delighted to meet Klaus Gerger in Grinzing (Vienna) one evening for a nice visit. We appreciated his coming to our hotel to meet us and we enjoyed the evening very much. He provided vintage maps of Wolfau depicting the location of houses years ago. Special thanks to Klaus! A few days later we had the good fortune to meet Joe Hirtenfelder, who came to the house of friends in Koenigsdorf. We spent a wonderful afternoon visiting and talking about Burgenland, Koenigsdorf, family and history. Joe also gave us a booklet depicting the house-by-house history of Koenigsdorf. The memory of that afternoon is vivid in my memory, not to be forgotten! I just wanted to pass on our appreciation to the Burgenland Bunch, who make these friendships possible as well as to Mr. Gerger and Mr. Hirtenfelder for their kindness. In 1985 we visited Wolfau and Koenigsdorf for the first time, and the Pastor of the Lutheran Church in Eltendorf climbed up a ladder to a top shelf of files, and pulled down a book which contained the Baptismal record of my father, baptized in April 1896. He also provided us a copy of a booklet the Church had recently made entitled " 200 Jahre Evangelische Pfarrgemeinde A.B. Eltendorf", which we carried home to my aged father. Although we brought him a number of items from his "Heimat", nothing pleased him as much as this small booklet. I can still picture him setting at the table with his magnifying glass studying and reading the booklet. He cherished it until he died in 1990, now I consider it a nice piece of history, and a cherished keepsake. Again, thanks to the BB who contribute so much to our research! Tom Glatz responds with the following: Frank, I read the above with great interest. I am familiar with 3 of the surnames in Chicago. My father's godfather was Joseph FLASCH from Wolfau. I know he was Lutheran. His wife was Theresa Bauer from Raiding. They were my grandparents' best friends. Joseph Flasch had a couple of brothers that also came to Chicago. I have his wedding picture since my grandparents were in the picture. I don't know if there is a link with your Flasch family. His niece Mary Flasch Kappel only died a few years ago. I saw her frequently at various Austrian club events in the Chicago area. Her husband is still living. KARNER is also a common Lutheran name in Chicago from Markt Allhau and surrounding areas. My grandfather was from Loipersdorf which is not far from Wolfau. The people across the road from where his house once stood are named RITTER. 3. SOLVENIAN BURGENLAND In keeping with our practice of researching immediate Burgenland border villages, we cover a few villages in Slovenia. The following exchange shows I'm not an expert concerning Slovenia: In a message dated 2/27/04 Patricia Weaver writes: I wish to join the Burgenland Bunch. We are researching the surname of Peterka from the village of Battyanfelva. First came to the states in 1905 to Bethlehem, PA. Returned to Battyanfelva. Later returned with husband, Jakob Muller from the Muria region of Austria. Lived in Bethlehem. PA. Latter settled in Bramwell, West Virginia. My reply: We are limited to research concerning family history in the Province of Burgenland, Austria. As such we include the immediate border villages of the Provinces of Lower Austria and Styria in Austria as well as immediate border villages in Vas, Moson, Sopron and Gyor Megye (counties) in Hungary. We also recognize border communities in Slovenia. Communities not within that area are beyond our expertise. What you call the village of Battyanfelva (falva?) may now be Battyanmajor, east of Sarvar (which in turn is east of Szombathely. I'm afraid this is too far east of our area of research. If you have knowledge to the contrary please let me know. I suggest you use our site to find websites which cover your area (suggest you search the Hungarian sites available from our homepage.) I'm including our Invitation Letter to provide our website address. I do not feel it would be of value to list with us. If you find you do have family history within our research area, please get back to me. *Patricia got back to me and it turns out this is close enough to be considered a border village. Bob Strauch then writes: Dear Patricia, I am the Lehigh Valley/PA editor for the Burgenland Bunch. I just noticed your entry in our membership list. I think I can give you some information that will help you in your search. Battyanfalva (also called Rakicsan in Hungarian) is now located in the northeastern corner of Slovenia, in a region call the "Prekmurje" ("above the Mura"). Its Slovenian name is Rakican (there should be a small "v" above the c, pronounced "ch"). Rakican is just to the southeast of the regional capital of the Prekmurje, Murska Sobota (Muraszombat in Hungarian). About 8 years ago, Murska Sobota and Bethlehem officially became sister cities. Out of curiousity, I had a look in the Ellis Island Database (www.ellisislandrecords.org) and did find Anna Peterka arriving from Battyanfalva in 1905. Unfortunately, a photo of the ship's manifest was not available. I searched for Jakob Müller, but there are quite a few. I did a search on www.google.com for Rakican and there are sites containing pictures of the village. I also "googled" Battyanfalva and came up with only a few sites, but one (Radix forum) did list surnames found in the village at one time, and Peterka was among them. I checked our local phone directory and found one Peterka listed, namely on the east side of Allentown. Hopefully I've provided you with some new information. 4. TASTE OF THE BURGENLAND-SCHMARN (KAISERSCHMARREN) Our article on Sterz caused some comment. In a message dated 3/1/04, email@example.com writes: My mother made a sterz from buckwheat flour, my stepmother from Guessing made it with flour and called it schmarn sterz. My wife makes it from flour and calls it schmurra. She came from Kreutzstaetten Roumania, (the Banat) I like them all with fruit salad poured over a big bowl of the stuff. Now we have grandchildren who ask via e-mail, "How do you make Schmurra, Grandma?" Our family was always blessed with great cooks who unfortunately never wrote anything down!! To which I reply: Ah-a bit of an ethnic twist, although similar to egg sterz, Sterz and Schmarn (Kaiserschmarren) are two distinctly different dishes! Schmarn is known in some English language Austrian cookbooks as Kaiser Pancakes (although they are chopped up). This was one of Emperor Franz Josef's favorite dishes so you are in good company. Often made with raisins so dumping fruit salad on it is not a bad idea. His were also served with a Plum puree (you could use prune butter-Lekvar.) Ingredients are 6 eggs, flour (7 oz.), sugar (1.5 oz.), milk (8 oz.), pinch of salt, raisins (optional), butter to cover pan and powdered sugar. You can halve this recipe if desired. This is more of a dessert while Sterz is a breakfast or supper main item with soup. Of course you can serve it or sterz either with or following soup if desired. Recipe: Separate the egg whites from the yolks. Mix the yolks sugar, milk and flour. Whisk the whites with salt and whisk till stiff. Carefully fold into the egg yolk mixture. Melt butter in a large pan, pour in the mixture and sprinkle with raisins (or omit). Let cook on one side for a few minutes, turn over and tear into pieces with a fork. Let finish cooking. Do not overcook (should lose its wet look). Sprinkle with confectioners sugar and serve with plum puree or fruit. Schmeckts gute! My grandmother (Sorger) too was from Güssing. We ate this often for lunch or Sunday supper. 5. MORE ON FASTNACHTS (again proving that ethnic food is an integral part of family history.) BB Lake District Editor Dale Knebel writes: I had never heard of fastnachts until it surfaced in the newsletters. However, as I was looking through a cookbook produced for a family reunion in 1999, I came across fashingrophas and the following note followed the recipe: "My mother always made this recipe the Sunday before Lent." My grandmother settled in South Dakota while her sisters moved on to Oregon. The recipe was submitted by her oldest sister from Oregon. I copied Bop Strauch and asked: Are fashingrophas the same thing as fastnachts? Bob replies: Faschingskrapfen are made from a yeast dough, cut into rounds (no holes), and fried. They must have the golden rings running around the edge, otherwise they're considered no good. Some people fill them with jam (usually apricot), others keep them plain. Fastnachts (shortened from Fastnachtskuchen) are (now) at the center of The Big Fastnacht Debate. Should they be made with potatoes or not? Should they be made with yeast, baking powder, or no leavening at all? Should they be round or square? Hole in the center or solid? I personally believe that there is more than one type of Fastnacht. The pre-Lenten fried cakes made in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland have many regional variations and names. And since the PA Germans came from different areas (the southern Rheinland, Switzerland, Alsace, Hessen, etc.), it stands to reason they would have had different versions of the Fastnacht. ED. Note:I wonder if "grophas" might be a Scandinavian word for raised cake? 6. BG PICNIC 2004 (from Dr. Walter Dujmovits-translated by Bob Strauch) This year, in honor of Hungary's joining the European Union, the annual Burgenländische Gemeinschaft Picnic at the Wine Museum in Moschendorf on Sunday, July 4, 2004, will have a special theme: "Heimattreffen Pinkaboden" (Pinka Valley Reunion). Music groups, mayors, and villagers from the communities on the Hungarian side of the border- Pornóapáti/Pernau, Szentpéterfa/Prostrum- will also be attending. The mass will be held in 5 languages (German, Hungarian, Croatian, English, and Latin) and will be read by 2 priests, one from Burgenland and one from Hungary. The governor of Burgenland and other high-ranking dignitaries are expected to attend. Special permission has been obtained to allow American citizens who happen to be visiting in the villages on the Hungarian side to cross the border at Szentpéterfa/Eberau or Pinkamindszent/Strem to attend the picnic. Normally, these particular border crossings can only be used by citizens of the European Union. The BG also plans to invite the border villages in the Hungarian Raab Valley: Rábafüzes/Raabfidisch, Jakabháza/Jakobshof, and Felsö- & Alsórönök/Ober- & Unterradling. 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