|The Burgenland Bunch Genealogy Group
Genealogists researching the multi-ethnic heritage of the Burgenland of Austria and adjoining areas of former West Hungary.
Subject: BB News No. 153 dtd. July 31, 2006
Date: Mon, 31 Jul 2006 07:16:31 EDT
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 153
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Our 11th Year- Issued monthly as email by )
July 31, 2006
(c) 2006 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved
~50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BURGENLANDISCHE GEMEINSCHAFT A BIG SUCCESS~
~SEE REPORTS FROM TOM GLATZ AND HANNES GRAF IN THIS ISSUE OF THE BB NEWS~
~ANNA KRESH HAS UPDATED THE BB URL LINKS -SEE THEM AT THE HOME PAGE~
Current Status Of The BB: Members-1317*Surname Entries- 4512*Query Board
Entries-3565*Newsletter Subscribers 1049, Newsletters Archived-153-Number of Staff
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This first section of our 3-section newsletter concerns:
1. Report From BG 50th Anniversary Celebration -Tom Glatz
2. Coplay, PA Sängerbund Celebrates 89 Years
3. Finding Germanic Villages Of Origin (Again)
4. Proposed Burgenland Tour Cancelled
5. 1313 Members! Good Luck-Bad Luck?
6. Lutheran Movement To Königsdorf
7. Burgenland Soccer Pro
1. REPORT FROM BG 50TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION (from Tom Glatz)
I felt honored when Burgenländische Gemeinschaft president Walter Dujmovits
first approached me to come to Austria to represent the Chicago Burgenländische
Gemeinschaft and the Burgenland Bunch for the fiftieth anniversary of the
founding of the organization. I have always felt that Burgenländer in Chicago
had a special relationship to Austria because we had the most immigrants. Our
former Chicago BG president John Radostits (deceased) built a strong and
lasting connection between Austria and Chicago. Often when a delegation from the
Austrian government or Roman Catholic Church leaders came to Chicago, he would
set up a special reception with the mayors of the city. Therefore I thought it
very appropriate to ask our present Mayor Daley for a proclamation to bring
with me to this event. Gerry Berghold then decided that we should present
President Walter Dujmovits with a plaque from the Burgenland Bunch to honor the
Austrian Burgenländische Gemeinschaft. Since he was not able to attend these
events, I agreed to have the plaque made in Chicago and bring it with me. In
addition Gerry composed a proclamation which was translated to be read in German.
This was not a trip for genealogy or a lot of sightseeing! I think my
preparations for this trip were especially worthwhile and meaningful.
I have to admit this turned into a very important event in my life. I could
not have enjoyed it so much without the assistance of my Weber relatives from
Breitenbrunn. They were waiting for me at the airport in Schwechat when I
arrived on Monday, June 26th. I stayed in Breitenbrunn for the first three days.
It helped to relieve jet lag and since my relatives only speak German, it gave
me a chance to practice speaking and understanding the language. It was a
great preparation for what was to come later in Güssing. My cousin's wife cooked
some nice authentic Burgenland meals! She gave me some recipes that I hope to
share with BB readers. I was also able to make a trip to Shopping City in
neighboring Parndorf for a traditional sweater at the Original Salzburger store.
When stopping to buy groceries I bought some Kernkürbisöl or pumpkin seed oil
that was made in Styria. I wanted to try some and also bring some home for
friend Alois Fandl. He was kind enough to take me to the commuter bus that took me
to O'Hare Airport in Chicago. One day we went to Vienna to see Glatz
relatives. Josef Glatz was the first Glatz relative with whom I had contact some years
ago. He lives with wife Elisabeth in the Döbling area in city housing called
the Karl Marx Hof. I had a nice meal of Tafelspitz (boiled beef) washed down
with good Ottakringer (Viennese) beer! Afterwards we moved to their beautiful
Viennese garden along the railroad tracks. (ED. Note: The Austrian railroads
allow locals to plant gardens and even erect small cabins along the railroad
right of way. They are very picturesque and become week-end retreats from the
city.) Josef presented me with an Ahnentafel of our families that his son
Reinhold created along with a brochure explaining (in English) the interesting
history of the building they live in. The Karl Marx Hof is a Viennese cultural
landmark and an example of some of the world's first public housing. My relatives,
Günter and mother Irmgard Weber were extremely nice to do so much for me and
later take me to the Hotel Krutzler in Heiligenbrunn. I always like to make a
stop in Bernstein for Edelserpentin (jade) jewelry for my family. They agreed
to stop and we ate a good meal later in Gasthaus Landauer in Oberwart. The
proprietor told me that he was related to a Landauer I knew in Chicago!
I owe much to President Walter Dujmovits and the officers of the Austrian
Burgenländische Gemeinschaft for all of the help they gave me. There was always
someone available to drive me from the hotel to an event and bring me back.
Especially helpful were Erwin Weinhofer, Alban Vigelius, and Klaus Gerger. Klaus
took a lot of pictures which he shared with me.
The string of events which lasted from June 29th, until July 5th, included a
good representation of Burgenland immigrants and people of Burgenland
ancestry. Immigrant Rosa Vrbatovic came all the way from Australia! (article continues
as item 1, on newsletter 153A.)
2. COPLAY, PA SÄNGERBUND CELEBRATES 89 YEARS (courtesy Bob Strauch)
Extracted from the Whitehall-Coplay Press / July 6, 2006 -By Al Recker, Press
Hundreds of people converged Sunday, June 25, at the Coplay Sängerbund to
celebrate its 89th year, and the customary traditional "Stiftungsfest" featured a
variety of choruses in German and Austrian dialect.
The club's mixed chorus was led by Director Joseph Weber and played to a
standing room only crowd. Sängerbund President Fritz Mondschein welcomed everyone
to the Austrian heritage celebration. Polka music and ethnic foods were
enjoyed by everyone in the outdoor pavilion.
Along with the club's chorus and its Hianz'nchor, special guests were the
Reading Liederkranz Chorus, the Lehigh Sängerbund Chorus, and the Lancaster
Hobbychor. The 2006 concert was dedicated to member Mary Fodor, who passed away in
The Sängerbund chorus (26 female and male voices) sang "The Star-Spangled
Banner", followed by "Das ist der Tag des Herrn", "Grüß mir die Heimat",
"Czechoslovakian Dance Song", "Ständchen", "Wir singen unsre Lieder", and "Der Jäger
aus Kurpfalz", concluding with the mixed chorus singing "One Nation Under God",
unfurling small American flags as the song ended. The crowd gave a rousing
Chorus members included: Sopranos Cathy Boyer, Vickie Boyer, Dolores di
Sante, Clara Glover, Hilda Koetting, Frieda Peischler, Marcia Theiss; Altos Ida
Bartholomew, Stella Eberhardt, Elsie Kroboth, Catherine Marx, Helen Vetrok,
Margaret Weber, Lauren Zwetolitz; Tenors Rev. Timothy Boyer, Pat Demilio, Florian
Geider, Alfred Lederer, John Mikitsch, Frank Paukovits, Stephen Rosko; Basses
Jeremy Boyer, Allen Edelman, Joseph Geosits, John Toth, and John Wechsler.
The club's Hianz'nchor followed ( Robert Strauch director and button box
accordionist.) Its selections included the "Mondschein Polka", "Adio du
Einsamkeit", Dås schönste Bliamerl auf der Ålm", "Unt am See då drunt", "Valåssn bin i",
"Rosemarie, du hast meine Liebe verlassen", "Zu Hause, zu Hause, da werden
wir uns wiedersehn", and "Mir san jå imma lustig". Singers included Pauline
Albert, Ida Bartholomew, Stella Eberhardt, Marie Giedl, Gisela Herrmann, Eleanor
Kovalchick, Catherine Marx, Frieda Peischler, Margaret Roma, Anna Marie
Schanta, Judith Snyder, Helen Vetrok, Joseph Geosits, Josef Giedl, Alfred Lederer,
John Mikitsch, Stephen Rosko, William Rosner, and Reginald Wrona.
The Reading Liederkranz Chorus (Elizabeth Hinkle director) performed six
traditional songs, concluding with a sing-along to "God Bless America". The
Lancaster Hobbychor, (Hans Hagemann accordionist) then rendered five songs,
including the popular "Der fröhliche Wanderer". The Lehigh Sängerbund Chorus
( Scott Miller director) had five musical selections, including the "Lehigh
Sängergruß" and "Route 66". Outdoors, the Josef Kroboth Orchestra played to a
large crowd dancing to polkas and waltzes.
3. FINDING GERMANIC VILLAGES OF ORIGIN (AGAIN)
Correspondent writes: My name is George Bauer from Gwinner, North Dakota, I
am interested in finding my ancestors' place of origin before they moved to
Hungary. The records show that they lived in Hungary in the late 1700's. My
g-grandmother, Barbara Wolkerstorfer was born in Pamhagen, Austria in 1865 and she
spoke the German dialect Hianzn. My great grandfather, John Bauer was born in
Balf, Hungary in 1864 and he spoke Schwabisch.
Reply: Unlike Croatians, the origin of German immigrants to the Burgenland
area has proven to be most difficult to determine. There are few clues as you've
already indicated. There are many German based dialects and they can point us
to an approximate area, but finding records of exact villages etc. has so far
been fruitless. Since you know your immigrants spoke Schwabisch, we can
assume that Swabia was their place of origin. However, we must realize that over a
space of several hundred years, even the dialect spoken by settlers can
change. While you mention Hianzen, I must point out that this is a southern
Burgenland dialect and normally will not be found in Pamhagen, this village being in
the northern part of Burgenland-if they spoke Hianzen, they may have migrated
from southern Burgenland.
Northern Burgenland was devastated numerous times in the 16th and 17th
centuries, during the Turkish sieges of Vienna and again during the Napoleonic Wars.
We can assume from this (as well as extant records) that settlers were
required to repopulate the devastated areas. We know that both the Crown as well as
Esterhazy nobles solicited German speaking settlers by offering inducements.
It can thus be assumed that your German speaking ancestors first came to the
area sometime after 1683 (the last siege of Vienna by the Turks.) It is also
possible that settlers may have come following the 30 Years War, when
Protestants went elsewhere as Austria again became Catholic. If your people are Lutheran
(there are Lutheran enclaves in northern Burgenland), that may also apply.
While German speaking settlers came to the Burgenland as early as the 12th
century, it is highly unlikely that any of their descendants survived the Turkish
wars. Unfortunately we don't know from where these later settlers originated
other than perhaps Franconia, Swabia or Upper or Lower Austria. We have hopes
that someday some records will surface that may list family names and places of
origin. None have come to my attention.
In a book about the siege of Vienna in 1683, the author says "the
depopulation of the Wiener Wald (Vienna Woods) was so great that its historian has spoken
of a new wave of colonization which continued for the next 25 years. " There
is no doubt in my mind that this "new colonization" extended well into the
Neusiedler See area and Hungary. It is less than a day's journey from the Wiener
Wald. He further states that most of these new settlers came from Lower Austria
but as many as one-fifth came from outside of Austria, mainly Bavaria and
Styria. He quotes from "Het Staatsche Leger," ed. Ten Raa, vi (The Hague 1940)
pp 94-95 which is an unknown work to me. The book I'm quoting is "The Siege Of
Vienna" by John Stoye, Birlinn Publisher (Edinburgh, Scotland.) p195.
One suggestion that may be of some help is for you to determine what parts of
the Germanic area contain large concentrations of your family names (use the
online phone books)-particularly that Wolkerstorfer name. Bauer unfortunately
is much too common. I have found that I can trace my family names to Styria by
applying these clues but I still have not been able to link to exact villages
4 BURGENLAND TOUR CANCELLED
This project has been cancelled as there is a major problem finding a
sponsor. The BB cannot serve in that capacity. About 20 BB members expressed an
interest in a possible tour.
5. 1313 MEMBERS-GOOD LUCK OR BAD LUCK?
Hannes Graf, our Membership Editor sends me a point in time membership count.
In a message dated 7/7/06, he writes: Mitglieder-Schnapszahl: 1313 -good luck
or bad luck, that is the question!! To which I reply: Dreizehn-dreizehn=ein
tausand-drei hundert-dreizehn, kein schlectes Gluck! Heh-heh! BB geht zu 7777!
6. LUTHERAN MOVEMENT TO KÖNIGSDORF
writes: I am mailing copies today of the data that I think
may be helpful. I also have a little on my webpage http://www.okradios.com ,
just in case anyone stumbles across it and has any info.
We have made 3 trips to Wolfau, Koenigsdorf, Eltendorf, Rudersdorf, etc.
Met some delightful people with whom we still communicate. We are dead ended at
my grandfather Michael Karner and Grandmother Theresia Flasch Karner. We
know their parent's names but that's about all. It was my Father's birth record
that told us what we know about Michael & Theresia. They were both born in
Wolfau and moved from Wolfau to Koenigsdorf at some time but we do not know when
or why. We so much enjoy and APPRECIATE the work all the BB guys are doing.
Tom Glatz replies: I get excited just seeing others' genealogy, especially
those of Lutheran ancestry. I did not remember that your ancestors moved from
Wolfau to Koenigsdorf. It proves again that the Lutherans did move around in
Burgenland. I have seen other instances of marriages between the Lutherans of the
Markt Allhau area and those of the Bernstein/Bad Tatzmannsdorf area. Maybe
the gene pools in the Lutheran areas became small. I wonder why yours moved to
To which I respond: There are about four major Lutheran enclaves in the
Burgenland-the Zahling, Eltendorf, Poppendorf, Königsdorf area is the largest in
the south. I feel Lutherans migrated there for the village Lutheran schools and
the nearby church of Martin Luther Kirche in Eltendorf.
7. BURGENLAND SOCCER PRO
Member Bill Hadl writes: I think it would be great to let all the BB members
know that a cousin of ours, Martin Stranzl, is a professional soccer player.
He was born in Gussing, plays mittelfield, abwehr and played for VFB Stuttgart
in the Bundesliga. He recently was traded to Spartak Moskou. I was
disappointed that Austria did not qualify for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. It would have
been great to see him play! I would invite all interested BB members to sign
his guestbook at martin-stranzl.de. You can sign it in English or German.
Please read about him in the HADL family genealogy web page, BB Members' Home
Newsletter continues as number 153A.
Subject: BB News No. 153A dtd. July 31, 2006
Date: Mon, 31 Jul 2006 07:17:21 EDT
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 153A
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Our 11th Year- Issued monthly as email by )
July 31, 2006
(c) 2006 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved)
This second section of our 3-section newsletter concerns:
1. Report From BG 50th Anniversary Celebration -Tom Glatz (cont.)
2. Recent Obituaries Concerning Burgenland Ethnic Families
3. National Geographic DNA Project
1. REPORT FROM BG 50TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION (continued from Newsletter
On Thursday night, June 29th, President Walter Dujmovits asked the
representatives from abroad to give a speech at the Burgenländische Gemeinschaft meeting
in Mogersdorf. Fortunately I prepared one in English on the flight over from
Chicago. I told everyone how honored I felt to be at the events as a
representative of the Chicago Burgenländische Gemeinschaft and the Burgenland Bunch.
I said that the Burgenländische Gemeinschaft had done so much over the years
to keep the contact between the homeland and abroad and added that they did
much to perpetuate the culture of Burgenland worldwide. Longtime BG and BB member
Bob Strauch's very nice speech was first read at this event by Minnie Jarosch
from Pennsylvania. Other speeches were given by BG vice president Joe Baumann
from NYand others. Next we visited the gravesite of former BG president,
Julius Gmoser. Flowers were laid on his grave and speeches by BG President Dr.
Walter Dujmovits and others followed. Afterwards we were all invited to the home
of former BG secretary Renate Dolmanits for a reception which included some
tasty Austrian food!
The Lutheran church service, commemoration ceremony at the emigrants'
memorial, and reception in Kukmirn on Friday, June 30th, were equally exciting.
Manfred Koch, who is the superintendent of the Lutheran church in Burgenland, and
Pastor Gerhard Gabel, presided over the service. A floral arrangement was laid
on the emigrant memorial. Proclamations and speeches again followed. The mayor
of Kukmirn, Frankie Fiedler, gave a very warm speech about how Burgenländer
abroad helped the people in this village after the Second World War. He spoke
of his own experiences. He was born in Kukmirn, and later lived in Montreal for
many years. The members of the Lutheran chorus were dressed in Burgenland
Trachten or costume and sang folk songs. A wine and appetizer reception followed.
Early on Saturday, July 1st, I took the Krutzler Hotel courtesy bus to
Güssing to shop for souvenirs for my family. Among some interesting things I found
were two hand-painted Burgenland folk art scenes on glass depicting village
life. The artist is Ulrike Platzer. I was not successful in finding anything
about the artist on the Internet.
The ceremony Saturday evening with the government officials at the culture
center in Güssing was the most important day of the event. BG/BB members Klaus
Gerger, and Hannes and wife Elfi Graf, made a surprise visit to introduce
themselves to me at my hotel. Pictures of the BG officers in Austria and abroad
were taken before the event. The singing of the Austrian National Anthem, "Land
der Berge, Land am Strome" (Land of Mountains, Land of Streams) started the
program. They then showed a segment of the emigrant film Was von der Heimat
blieb ("What Remained of the Homeland".) This movie was filmed in America and
Burgenland between 1990 and 1995. It is a brief oral and historical documentary of
emigration from Burgenland along with interviews of immigrants in America and
people back home in Austria. This was a very emotional way to begin the
program. It is clear some of the people interviewed were homesick and had memories
of a difficult life in Burgenland. It depicts just how poor and desperate the
people were. I knew all of the people from Chicago in the film. Walter
Dujmovits greeted everyone and introduced the dignitaries and speakers. Prayers were
offered by representatives from the Lutheran and Roman Catholic Churches. A
brass quintet played classical pieces in between the speeches. Proclamations
were given by representatives of Burgenland organizations from the countries of
America and Canada. This included Joe Baumann of New York and Helmut Jandrisits
of Toronto. At this time I gave Gerry Berghold's greeting and presented the
BB plaque and new BB Immigrant Surname list to Walter Dujmovits for use in the
Auswanderer Museum. Klaus Gerger had updated and printed the new list in
booklet form. I then proceeded to read the proclamation from Chicago's Mayor Daley.
Speeches from many dignitaries were given: Güssing Mayor Peter Vadasz,
Auslandsösterreicher Weltbundes (World Organization of Austrians Abroad) President
Gustav Chlestil, Abgeordneter zum Nationalrat (delegate to the national
council) Franz Glaser, Governor of Burgenland Hans Niessl, and Austrian President Dr.
Heinz Fischer. Dr. Fischer shook hands with all speakers and dignitaries.
Miss Burgenland from New York, Rachel O'Mara, gave her speech. She is the
granddaughter of immigrant Rudi Drauch. Most of the speakers praised the work of the
BG in keeping contact and heritage alive. I think the attendance was well in
the area of 600 people. Many people approached me and told me how impressed
they were with Gerry Berghold's Burgenland Bunch proclamation (see newsletter
no. 152). I noticed by the dialect that some of these people were probably from
southern villages. Gustav Chlestil and Governor Hans Niessl received honors
from the Burgenländische Gemeinschaft for their support and service to the
organization. Wine, beer, and appetizers followed. I noticed that Bohnensterz (a
bean and flour mixture fried in lard-Burgenland nacho chips-much better than it
sounds!) was also served!
On Sunday, July 2nd, the picnic was held at the wine museum in Moschendorf.
Mass was said by Bishop Iby from Eisenstadt. We were treated to a nice music
program. This included a folk music chorus and two bands. One musician from the
group Wehwenka, told me and Frank Radostits that they had interest in playing
in cities in America. Some native Burgenländer did some American square
dancing! Many speeches were given which included Vice-Governor Franz Steindl and
Moschendorf officials. Walter Dujmovits was presented with an interesting honor
called the Europan 2006 and a South African flag from a Burgenland immigrant
who settled there. Miss Burgenland Erika Franziska Tintle from New Jersey gave
a speech. Breaded pork schnitzel and Langos-Hungarian snack- were among the
different foods offered for sale. Pictures were taken of the BG officers and BB
On Monday, July 3rd, we started out at 7 AM for a very full day of touring
from Heligenbrunn on a bus going to northern Burgenland. I enjoyed the bus
winding its way through various villages and towns to pick up people on the way.
Jabing and Oberwart were home to many Burgenland immigrants in Chicago. We first
arrived in Mörbisch, a village on the Neuseidler See. A famous Austrian actor
by the name of Harald Serafin greeted us at the theater on the lake. We then
watched part of a rehearsal of an operetta. Next we boarded a ferry to travel
on the lake for a "Speck" or bacon party. We were treated to music by gypsy
violins. We were given a very fiery Schnaps to drink! Later along with good wine
we were served some interesting food such as Speck (bacon), Ochsenmaul Salat
(beef salad), Blutwurst (blood sausage) and Grammelpogatscherln (crackling
biscuits). After this lake lunch we drove to the Esterhazy Palace in Eisenstadt.
After a tour of some of the rooms, we were entertained by a chorus group
composed of government workers in the palace theater. The acoustics in the theater
were explained as being some of the best in the world for classical music.
These workers do this on their own time and practice weekly. Back on the bus
again! We headed to the Heurigen Ackerl for a wine tasting in Kleinhöflein. The
Sautanz Musi musicians and the chorus leader from the Esterhazy Palace
entertained us. Also performing was a stand up comedian/ventriloquist. Spannferkl
(roast young pig), potato salad, etc. were served. A few speeches were given
including one from the Chicago Miss Burgenland Kate Radostits. Kate is the
granddaughter of BG/BB member Frank Radostits and grand niece of our former long time
Chicago BG president John Radostits. Interesting to note is that the
establishment named one wine in honor of the 3 Miss Burgenlands: Erika from New Jersey,
Kate from Chicago, and Rachel from New York. It is called Wein der
Auslandsburgenländer or the wine of Burgenländer abroad and has the seal of the
Burgenländische Gemeinschaft. I purchased a few bottles! I might add that the three
Miss Burgenlands are to be commended for doing a wonderful job in representing
The fourth of July was supposed to be a free day for me. However BG/BB member
Klaus Gerger had other plans! Late in the morning he came by the hotel to
take me on a tour through many villages in the area, including Großmürbisch,
Reinersdorf, Gerersdorf and Rosenberg. Chicago BG member Alois Fandl had explained
that most of the people had left Reinersdorf, the village he once lived in.
Klaus confirmed this and explained the village had been resettled by new people
over the last several years. He showed me with great interest the old
abandoned but for sale house and "Hof" of his and Gerry Berghold's Pöltl ancestors in
Rosenberg. From here there were some great views of the castle in Güssing! In
Gerersdorf, we visited the Freilichtmuseum (open-air museum). This is an area
of the village that contains old thatched-roof farm homes, barns, and other
buildings which were brought together to form a sort of preservation museum.
Artist Gottfried Kumpf presently has his Burgenland folk theme artwork for sale
in many of these buildings. Klaus purchased for me a Kumpf poster with a sort
of caricature theme from a Burgenland Croatian village complete with Croatian
dress and a gypsy playing a violin! My relatives later told me that this
artist Kumpf in fact lives today in their village of Breitenbrunn. (ED. Note: On
the occasion of their visit to Allentown, Burgenland Governor Hans Niesel and
his party presented we with a watch designed by Kumpf-his character is a sort of
Austrian "Peanuts" (Charlie Brown.)
Wednesday, the 5th of July, was the closing ceremony of the events in
Güssing. This final day of the fest included a tour of the city and castle. It
concluded with a meeting with the city officials. However, my relatives were coming
to take me back to Breitenbrunn. On Thursday I would take a very early flight
home. I wanted to spend another evening with them and did not want them to
have the burden of picking me up late in the day in Güssing. Klaus arrived early
in the morning at the hotel. I had asked him if there was a possibility of
getting into the Auswanderer Museum. We dropped off my luggage at the BG office.
I purchased Burgenländische Gemeinschaft Fiftieth Anniversary pins for all of
the Chicago BG board of directors and officers. Klaus was able to get the key
for the Auswanderer Museum. I was glad to see many articles from Chicago
including the flags from the Chicago Erster Burgenlander Kranken Unterstützungs
Vereien Zweig 1 and the Chicago Burgenland Maennerchor. These organizations no
longer exist. The trunk belonging to the real first Burgenland immigrant to
Chicago, Johann Wenzel was also there. A few small things donated by Chicago and
other Burgenländer abroad were in a glass case. I noticed a flag from the
German and Austrian War Veterans from Allentown, Pennsylvania. Pictures of
Burgenland immigrants were frequent on the walls. I decided I wanted to purchase more
pumpkin seed oil. Klaus took me to his favorite farmer in Tschantschendorf
for this. He also explained that the commercial oil purchased in grocery stores
can have up to 10% other oil without them having to list it as an ingredient!
I very much appreciated the nice meal that his two daughters Victoria and Eva
served! Auf Weidersehens are never easy, but it was off again to Breitenbrunn!
I want to mention the wonderful service and care the Hotel Krutzler gave to
those of us who stayed there. This is a great place to stay when visiting
southern Burgenland. BB/BG member Frank Radostits had problems with his flight from
Washington DC to Europe. Frank's son Frank Jr. and family were also at the
hotel since their daughter was our Chicago Miss Burgenland. The hotel let them
use their computer to help find a way of getting him to Europe. The food served
at the hotel was excellent. I had a few items that were cooked with pumpkin
seed oil. Their inclusive breakfasts (Buffet) were also wonderful! Some of the
rooms now have air conditioning. The swimming pools (indoor and outdoor) also
brought exercise and relaxation during the few hours when I was not busy.
This was a very memorable time of events for the Burgenländische
Gemeinschaft, the Burgenland Bunch, and all who were able to attend! Tom Glatz
(Note from Gerry Berghold. On behalf of the entire BB membership, I want to
thank Tom for the excellent manner in which he represented our organization at
this BG Anniversary celebration. His report makes me feel I was there as well.
I also wish to thank Klaus Gerger and Hannes Graf and the BG for assisting
Tom and the many courtesies and help extended by all.)
2. RECENT OBITUARIES CONCERNING BURGENLAND ETHNIC FAMILIES (from Bob Strauch)
Sister Julianna Marie Kollar, 95, a Missionary Sister of the Most Sacred
Heart of Jesus, died Wednesday, July 19, 2006 in Sacred Heart Villa, Reading. Born
in Punitz, Burgenland, Austria, she was a daughter of the late John and Julia
Frances Bernini, 97, of Fountain Hill, formerly of Allentown, passed away
Saturday, July 22, 2006, in Cedarbrook-Fountain Hill Annex. Her husband, the
late Albert J. Bernini, died in 1994. Born in Neumarkt im Tauchental, Austria,
she was a daughter of the late Aloysius and Frances (Zartler) Galowitsch.
3. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC DNA PROJECT
Charles Stuparits writes: I came across an article in the National Geographic
Magazine about finding your roots by sending a sample of your DNA to them.
The cost was $90, but wow, did I get information. It seems all our roots were
from the cradle of civilization in Africa, but then it gets interesting. My DNA
showed my family line traveled straight up, not into where Europe would be,
but through the area presently Albania, and then East into an area where the
Huns were. (Hungarian)?
National Geographic sends you a kit for your DNA sample. It consists of 3
swabs on sticks, a plastic repository and instructions on how to obtain the DNA
samples by swabbing the sides of your mouth and putting the sample in the
container, and sending them the sample prepaid. It takes 60-90 days for the
results, and it's well worth it.
They also send you an email where a specialist talks to you with a movie
regarding your particular DNA. They contacted me later with a request for
information on my parents in hope expanding the information further, which I of course
complied. I thought other BB members should try this, and it would probably
explain a lot about all our roots.
Newsletter continues as number 153B.
Subject: BB News No. 153B dtd. July 31, 2006
Date: Mon, 31 Jul 2006 07:18:27 EDT
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 153B
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Our 11th Year- Issued monthly as email by )
July 31, 2006
(c) 2006 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved)
This third section of our 3-section newsletter concerns:
1. A BG - Moschendorf Report From Membership Editor Hannes Graf
2. AÖWB Meeting Set For Sept. 2006
3. Events & Issues Leading To Burgenland Emigration
4. Have You Been Bitten By The Genealogy Bug?
1. A MOSCHENDORF REPORT FROM MEMBERSHIP EDITOR HANNES GRAF
Hello All- This is an overview about a weekend in Güssing and Moschendorf It
was very very very nice!!! (ED. Note-Hannes and wife Elfie live in Vienna.)
Saturday Elfie and I rented a car, driving the small roads south from little
village to little village (von Dorf zu Dorf), some of the southern
Burgenland villages we saw for the first time. After arriving in Güssing and checking
in at the Hotel, we searched for Klaus Gerger -Burgenland Editor (he is the
real heart of BG) and he took us to meet Tom Glatz at Krutzler Hotel. So at the
very first we have our first meeting with Tom, he is one nice guy. Klaus
invited us to come to the official reception, I was not sure about being welcome
there, but it was bigger than I thought. At 19.00 in Kulturzentrum Güssing, when
all the people were inside, the president of Austria, Heinz Fischer, arrived
and was the guest of honor (Ehrengast).
People, from every BG community, gave welcome speeches and greetings. One of
them talked about people who had the longest journey to Güssing, AND they were
Burgenland Bunch members: Rosa Vrbatovic from Australia and Hermann
Allerstorfer from Hawaii. I knew these names from the member list and spoke to them.
After many speeches Tom Glatz spoke. He speaks very well offering greetings and
honor to Dr. Walter. Dujmovits (BG president), presented him the BB plaque and
the BB "Member list" (prepared by Klaus Gerger for the Güssing Immigrant
Museum. In his speech Dr. Dujmovits spoke about the Burgenland Bunch.
After the politicians have spoken, at last the president spoke some words.
We had enough time to search and find all of the BB members and speak a few
words, also Tom introduced me to some people, BB-member Frank Radostits and
some other BG people, I forget the names, because there were at least a thousand
Also the Austrian TV and Journalists from Newspapers were there, many people
with cameras from different magazines or whatever. Klaus and Elfie also
photographed some people, (Elfie took 150 pictures.)
I checked the internet after coming home and found some newspaper articles,
I give the Links:
After the official meeting, Tom tells us that the President of Austria shook
hands with him (so he will never wash it (:-))) For Elfie and me it was not so
surprising, because we knew Heinz Fischer before he was president and when he
left the meeting, he greeted us with an uncomplicated "Hello"; next day the
Vice-Governor asks Elfie "What are you doing here, I haven't seen you in 20
years......" I think we were the last people to leave, and so to bed and sleep
immediately. (We were really dead)
Sunday we wanted to go to the Auswanderer-Museum, but every time we did, it
was closed, so we reserved it for a later non-stressed weekend in Güssing.
Then Klaus will be our guide. Speaking with Dujmovits was not possible, because
he was so busy. We went to the castle (Burg Güssing) looked around and drove
around the small villages again. On this ride we found some nice places. In the
middle of one village a stork stalked slowly up the street without stress, we
drove behind him...after 200 meters another animal on the road again, a
rabbit, then a golden pheasant and so on...also we found the cemeteries of Luising
and Hagendorf. This is really a nice place. The only cemetery without a wall,
exactly at the border between the two villages, on a little hill where a
smaller castle once stood and the family grave of the Count Mensdorff Pouilly.
After this we went to the BG Picnic and arrived at 14.30 in Moschendorf.
There we spent some time, but it was too much for me, too loud. So at last we took
pictures of all Burgenland Bunch members, but they made a wrong announcement,
so other Burgenland-represented people are also in the photo. Any way....
In the next few days we will try to save (load) the photos from the camera
(Elfie bought it 1 day before we left) to the computer, and then I will begin to
make a photo page for the homepage.
liebe Grüße, hannes
2. AÖWB MEETING SET FOR SEPT. 2006
The next meeting of the Auslandsösterreicher-Weltbund (Austrian Expatriots'
World Organization) will be held September 7-10, 2006 in Klagenfurt
(Carinthia.) Former Austrians, now living abroad will meet for four days of mutual
interest and fellowship. Dr. Walter Dujmovits (BG president) is a staff member of
this organization which publishes the magazine ROTWEISSROT.
3. EVENTS & ISSUES LEADING TO BURGENLAND EMIGRATION
Correspondent writes: My name is Karen Mulitsch-Dickens. I came across your
newsletter while researching for a college paper. I am of Burgenland resident
descent and became very interested in information contained in your
newsletters. My great-grandparents Ignatius Mulitsch and Amelia Unger Mulitsch,
immigrated to America about 1903 - 1904 and I would very much like you to share
information on the events and issues in Austria concerning why so many immigrated to
America in the late 1800's and early 1900's.
Reply: The period from 1880 to 1924 was part of the scene of what has been
called the "second migration" or the "new migration" to the Americas. Millions
came, mostly from southern and eastern Europe. In general this is adequately
covered in many books available from most libraries; however, very little is
specific to the Burgenland. It is for this reason that I formed the Burgenland
Bunch some 11 years ago.
Reasons for leaving the Burgenland (much of 3 counties of Hungary until 1921,
when they were transferred to Austria by the Treaty of Trianon and became
Austria's ninth province) were little different from those in other geographic
areas. If you understand the "push-pull" factors of migration, they apply to all
groups during the subject period.
The push factors involved mostly economic and political issues. There were
long periods of drought around the turn of the century and the Burgenland is and
was an agricultural economic unit. Swine Flu then decimated the pork
industry. Phyloxera (the grape vine louse or Reblaus from America) devastated the
wine industry. Both were prime cash crops as was wheat and flour. Their loss to
the Burgenland economy was devastating. While the large aristocratic estates
were broken up after 1848 and tenants could buy farms from the aristocracy with
governmental help, they were expensive for cash poor peasants and very small
(average holding was less than 17 acres.) Primogeniture reigned and only the
first-born inherited. Other children had to go elsewhere. Many opted to work as
seasonal harvest workers, traveling here there and everywhere to harvest
crops. This included seasonal visits to the Americas as well when steamship fares
dropped in price. Many Burgenlanders thus knew of the opportunity to earn in
America. They shared their experiences with others. There was little Burgenland
industry, the large aristocratic holdings no longer provided much day work and
only in the larger cities was work available, requiring expensive weekly
travel from village to city and poor lodging. Unemployment and low wages were
prevalent. America beckoned-go there , earn and save money and return to buy land
and improve status. (Once America was experienced-only about 25% returned.)
On the political side, military service was required and was detested. While
most Burgenlanders (84%) were of German origin and mostly supported the
Habsburgs, many of Hungarian origin desired autonomy for Hungary (part of the
Austro/Hungarian Empire after the revolution of 1848.) Hungary was granted autonomy
except for matters involving the military and foreign affairs. The Hungarian
government then required that Hungarian be the official language of government
and commerce-called Magyarization. This did not sit well with much of the
German and Croatian population who preferred their own language and customs. There
was also little governmental concern about emigration (Austrian or US) until
numbers of immigrants reached very high levels)-resulting in the 1921-22 US
immigration quota laws and stiffer Austrian exit requirements. By 1924-25, it
was all over and Burgenland emigration did not peak again until the early 1950s
-following the devastation of WWII when quota restrictions were eased and
political immigration allowed. Post 1925 and post WWII emigration saw many going
to Canada and the South America.
On the pull side, modern steamships made the journey easy and cheap (average
$14-25 in steerage) Hamburg-Bremen-Antwerp to New York. A ship carrying
thousands of immigrants was a lucrative money source and the steamship companies
(Hapag, German-American Lloyd, etc,) built more and larger vessels and opened
booking offices in many villages. By 1910, most trans-Atlantic liners exceeded
15000 tons in size, capable of carrying upwards of 2000 passengers. The rise of
railroads in both Europe and America made it easy to get to ports of
embarkation and places of ultimate destination. Often steamship tickets included
railroad fares. Cement, steel, breweries and railroad industry in the US provided
work-cheap labor was in great demand and immigrants would work for low pay.
Lehigh Valley cement companies labor was mostly all immigrant labor from the
Burgenland and their cement built the Panama Canal. Prior German immigrants (the
so-called Pennsylvania-Dutch-immigrants from the Palatinate and other earlier
German immigrants) provided Germanic enclaves (Lehigh Valley of PA, Pittsburgh,
Cleveland, Chicago, etc.) where immigrants could feel at home with people who
spoke their language and continued their customs and culture (Again-over 80%
of Burgenland immigrants spoke German-the balance Croatian (14%)-the rest
Hungarian. As emigration grew, much money was sent back to the Burgenland to pay
for passage of relatives and friends. Many men emigrated first and then sent for
wives and children. Letters home spoke of the many opportunities available.
Immigration "fever" took over in many villages-some villages lost half of
their population; in some southern Burgenland districts-some villages lost all of t
heir young men. Even today, most villages have populations much smaller than
they were in 1883. During the period mentioned, over 40,000 came from the
Burgenland (Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups-Ternstrom, Harvard Univ
Press)-it's guessed that perhaps as many as 25% returned and invested their
US savings locally (author Puskas.)
Most documentation of this migration has been published in German or
Hungarian. You may wish to read translated English articles in BB Newsletters 32, 46,
47A, 48 and 51. There is one book in English, which is out of print. Try to
find a library copy of "Burgenland. A Historical and Geographical Study of
Burgenland by Dr. A. F. Burghardt, Univ. of Wisconsin Press, Madison: 1962.
I might mention that it's possible that your g-grandparents came from
southern Burgenland-the districts of Güssing or Jennersdorf. That "Mulitsch" name was
probably spelled "Malitsch" or "Malits." Perhaps you know otherwise. There
are many Malits families in Güssing. The name is of Croatian origin dating from
1524 when Croatian refugees were brought to the Burgenland by Franz
Batthyany-Ban of Croatia and Lord of Güssing -as they fled Turkish invasion. Unger (of
German-Hungarian origin) in that region is as prevalent as Smith in the US.
Good luck and let me know how you make out with your paper.
4. HAVE YOU BEEN BITTEN BY THE BURGENLAND GENEALOGY BUG?
One of our active correspondents who is doing yeoman research work concerning
Burgenland immigrants writes: I really have gotten so much joy out of the
process, let alone the results. It's a shame that more people don't let
themselves be "bitten by the bug". They truly are missing out.
Reply: Hello Frank-don't let lack of participation discourage you. We've (the
BB) been in business almost 11 years and have only 1250 members-very few
active, but we gain more than we lose. About 75 to 100 per year. However those
who have been active (like yourself and BB Staff ) have accomplished wonders.
Sometimes it helps to look at probability. Given 40K-50K Burgenland
immigrants 1880-1925 (a pretty solid figure) and maybe a few thousand besides-say 60K
at most, 25% of which may have returned, we may be looking at a base of
perhaps 45K immigrants. In 3 generations they produced maybe (45K x 3 x 3 x3 )
1,215K adult descendants. With a death rate of 60% (20% per generation) we're left
with maybe 500K. Now if 25% (high?) of those have computers and use the
internet, we reduce to 125K. Say only another 25% are interested in family history,
and we end up with a base of 30K possible members. I imagine the sloth and
timidity factors will cut that in half, so the bottom line is perhaps 15K. The
BB, BG and your group have a combined membership of about 3-4K or about 25% of
possible members. We are all improving that daily so we're not doing all that
bad. These numbers and percentages are pretty nebulous except for the number of
immigrants and our membership count. The descendant projection may be high
(or low) and the computer and family history interest are anyone's guess, but I
doubt if our membership potential is as high as 15K.
We have a lot going for us. Word of mouth gets our message across and we have
some governmental interest (in Austria). The language barrier gets lowered
all the time (the BG news now has a number of English articles-our two sites
have very little German.) We also make it easier and easier for people to get
answers. I think we can expect slow and steady growth.
END OF NEWSLETTER
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questions and other information.
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