|The Burgenland Bunch Genealogy Group
Genealogists researching the multi-ethnic heritage of the Burgenland of Austria and adjoining areas of former West Hungary.
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER] BB News No. 168 dtd. Oct. 31, 2007
Date: Tue, 30 Oct 2007 17:56:42 EDT
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 168
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Our 12th Year- Issued monthly as email by G. J. Berghold, BB Editor
October 31, 2007
(c) 2007 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved
~ROBERT PUMM WELCOMED AS THE 1500TH BB MEMBER-SEE BELOW & WEBPAGE LINK AT
~ANOTHER MILESTONE! TOM STEICHEN REPORTS WE NOW LIST 5000 SURNAME ENTRIES-SEE
~TO BE AUSTRIAN IS NOT A GEOGRAPHICAL CONCEPT BUT A SPIRITUAL IDEA, THE IDEA
OF AN ETHICALLY ENLIGHTENED HUMANITY SPRINGING FROM A COMBINATION OF PEOPLES
AND CLASSES.~Oskar Bender, 1936
Current Status Of The BB: Members-1509*Surname Entries- 5000*Query Board
Entries-3788*Newsletters Archived-168*Number of Staff Members-15
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This first section of our 3 section newsletter concerns:
1. Welcome 1500th BB Member (also see section 2)
2. Images Of America-Immigrant Scenes
3. Burgenland Immigrant Obits
4. Kronen Currency Conversion-1900-2007
1. WELCOME 1500TH BB MEMBER
Our 1500th member is a descendant of Samuel Pumm, who was born in the
southern Burgenland village of Kukmirn (district of Güssing). Samuel emigrated to
Buffalo, New York in 1913. The BB is most happy to exceed the 1500 member
milepost. As such the BB editors have surpassed themselves in providing Robert Pumm
with some personal research. A series of email sent to Robert follows.
Tom Steichen writes: From Ellis Island site:
On ship SS Finland departing Antwerp, Belgium on June 7, via Dover, England,
arriving New York on June 18, 1913.
The record reads:
Pumm Samuel, age 18, (born ~1894-5) farm laborer, reads, writes, is a German
Hungarian from Kuckmér (Kukmirn), father is Michael Pumm of Kuckmér 79, going
to Buffalo, NY; paid passage himself, carrying $42, going to brother Frank
Pumm at 78 Hermann St, Buffalo, NY, is 5'7", brown hair, blue eyes.
- possibly traveling with: Johann Hoanzl (of Kukmirn) and Paul Frantschitsch
of Stadt Schlaining.
Birth Date: 14 Oct 1894
Death Date: Mar 1967
State or Territory Where Number Was Issued: New York
Death Residence Localities
ZIP Code: 14215
Localities: Buffalo, Erie, New York
Cheektowaga, Erie, New York
Subject: BB New Member Information
Sender Name: Robert Pumm
>From Email Address: see membership list
Town State Country: Hamburg New York
Surname: SAMUEL PUM
Bob Strauch writes: Congrats and welcome to the BB.
As Gerry said, many (if not most) immigrants from Kukmirn settled here in the
Lehigh Valley, mostly in Allentown and Coplay. But never did I realize just
how many until my involvement in the Lehigh Valley portion of the cemetery
project "Burgenländers Honored and Remembered", headed by BB editor Frank
Paukowits from New York. Here's one name you might find interesting:
Frank Pumm Kukmirn 1878 - 1963 Fairview Cemetery/Allentown (one
of a number of local cemeteries where the Lutheran immigrants from Kukmirn
found their final resting place).
By separate e-mail I'm sending you several vintage, pre-World War 1 postcards
of Kukmirn from my collection. Sincerely,
BB-Lehigh Valley Editor
>From Hannes Graf:Hello all
My present to the 1500th member Robert Pumm, but also all others who are
interested, is a Page (6 pages) inside of the Burgenland Impressions: lets have a
little walk around Kukmirn from today (October 15) afternoon. See
Gerry Berghold writes: Hello Robert Pumm
As founder of the Burgenland Bunch and thus the first BB member, it gives me
great pleasure to welcome you as the 1500th member. You've added another
Burgenland immigrant to our files. I am also pleased that the village of origin is
Kukmirn, a well known immigrant village in southern Burgenland, district of
Güssing. Since many of the immigrants from Kukmirn settled in the Lehigh Valley
of Pennsylvania, it is also interesting that Samuel Pumm settled in New York
state. That he had a brother Frank residing there probably indicates that
Buffalo was a minor Burgenland immigrant enclave, but then an immigrant brother
(Richard Sorger) of my grandfather Alois Sorger died in Buffalo. My grandfather
was from Rosenberg, Güssing.
My four grandparents emigrated from southern Burgenland so I have visited
there many times. Such visits also included nearby Kukmirn, where in 1993, I
attended a memorial service for one Frank Duld, first immigrant from Kukmirn to
the United States (Allentown, PA.) I also happen to have a number of
publications in my library that mention Kukmirn. I'll share pertinent information.
As our 1500th member, you get some special help not normally available to our
members unless they request it via email questions.
Kukmirn is first mentioned in records of the 13th century. The present German
speaking population; however, does not have roots that deep (although there
has been a Germanic presence there since the 9th Century when Charlemagne
overran the Avars who had established a khanate there lasting some 200 years). The
period 800AD to 1600AD was mostly one of dynastic change involving the Magyars
(Hungarians), Turks and the Hapsburg Austrian Crown. From what I've found,
the present families descend from later German speaking migrants from either the
nearby Austrian provinces of Styria or Lower Austria (the border is only a
few kms to the west of Kukmirn.) This would have occurred in the first half of
the 1600s at the time of the Counter Reformation. The Burgenland was then part
of Hungary (although governed by the Austrian Crown). Kukmirn had a Lutheran
population as well as a Catholic one and the Counts of Batthyany (the
overlords) were very tolerant of religion. I might mention that Croatian settlers also
moved into the area about 1524 to join the local Hungarians so we now have a
three ethnic grouping with the Germanic predominating. This is based on the
fact that German family names do not appear in extant records until the 1600s and
now comprise over 85% of the population. Since the family name Pumm does not
appear before 1635, we can assume your family roots in Kukmirn date from about
1635 (as mentioned in the Güssing Urbar of 1635.) There are still two Pumm
families in Kukmirn and the name is found in surrounding communities as well
(i.e.-two families in Güssing). We have almost 400 years of continuous Pum
presence in Kukmirn.
With that sort of history, you can trace your family origins back a few
centuries. The LDS (Mormon Church) has microfilm of both Catholic and Lutheran
Church and Civil records (birth, marriage death) from 1828-1921. They are
available at any nearby LDS Family History Center. Cost is minor (postage) and film is
sent from Salt Lake City to be read at the center. Our archives tell you how
to do this. Records prior to 1828 are available at the churches in Kukmirn.
They date from 1770 or earlier but require a visit to Kukmirn. Earlier records
(1600s) may be available at the Catholic Diocese in Eisenstadt. This brings up
the question of family religion. To view the appropriate records, LDS
microfilm numbers are:
Appearance Of Name
I have traced the Pum(m) name from its earliest mention in old Burgenland
records and it appears that your family was engaged in farming exclusively since
their arrival in Kukmirn. In no record do they appear as other than farmers.
This means that they held one or more plots of ground (called holds or
sessions) of about 17 acres or less. Until 1848 (or some time after) they would have
paid rent to the Batthyany family (only the aristocracy could own land before
1848.) They do not appear to have had any craftsmen or householders without
farmland (Söllner.) Based on today's crops, I would assume they had orchards as
well as other crops. They probably purchased their property after 1848.
The records (all but one in Kukmirn) in which I've found the Pumm name are:
Güssinger Urbar of 1635-In Deutsch Kukmirn (German Kukmirn-at that time the
village was separated between Germans & Hungarians) -there were 2 families Pum
1689-a Pum harvested 10 WGT.(?) Wein (Grapes?) from the Ungerberg (hill next
to the village)
Güssinger Urbar of 1732-There were Pum(m) families in the village of Kukmirn
Kukmirn Umbarium of 1748,49,50-Six Pum families (notice how the spelling
were part of the village.
Canonical (Catholic Church) Visitation of 1757-South Burgenland-Latin
transcription by Josef Buzas-no mention of Pum as members of the congregation; were
they in fact attending the Lutheran church?
1767-Two Pum families mentioned of the 110 then inhabiting the village
The 1800s seem to be silent concerning family names in my history of Kukmirn
1897-1900-Franz Pum of no. 14 was Commandant of the Fire Company
War Memorial 1914-18-no Pum mentioned
1921 Notarized listing(?) shows one Bum(?) family., probably Pum?
War Memorial 1939-1945-Eduard Pum nr. 44, Gustav Pum nr. 46, Konrad Pum nr.
105 among the fallen soldiers.
Kukmirn is now well known in the Burgenland if not in all of Austria for the
production of fruit brandy (mostly apple). There are about 6 families engaged
in distilling brandy-no Pum's. It is possible that the two remaining Pum
families (Günter Pum nr. 44 and Josef Pum nr. 140) may still be raising fruit which
they sell to the distilleries. Perhaps we can find out.
There are at least three Gasthofs:
Gasthof Zumjagdhorn-Familie Fiedler (also a brandy producer)
Gasthof Hoanzl-Familie Hoanzl
Berg Gasthof Zotter-Familie Zotter
Present population is about 2100 with 670 houses. Kukmirn is a Marktgemeinde
(market community) that includes the nearby villages of Neusiedl, Limbach and
Eisenhüttl. The coat of arms is a gold and red shield (split lengthwise-left
to right) on which an apple is centered in opposite red & gold colors. While
each of the villages have small churches, the parish churches are the Catholic
Church (Johanneskirche-1760) and the Lutheran Church-1784. Kukmirn lies on the
"Apple Bike Path (Weg)" and attracts many tourist bicycle enthusiasts in
season. A distillery museum (Schnapsbrennereimuseum) is open April through October.
If you have any questions, please advise. I will be using this email as well
as other data concerning your family in the next edition of the BB newsletter
(October 31). I will also forward the same article to our Burgenland contacts
for use in Austrian publications. Again, welcome to the BB as our 1500th
member. I wish you success in your research.
2. IMAGES OF AMERICA-IMMIGRANT SCENES (from Margaret Kaiser)
We purchased a couple of Lehigh Valley area books from the "Images of
America" series. Books in this series are listed at www.arcadiapublishing.com. We
found copies at Barnes and Noble (B&N). The list price for most is $19.99
each. B&N offers a 10% discount to members. Below is a small sampling from the
extensive selection in this series. These books may be of interest for
researching ancestral communities, and certainly for triggering memories of
yesterdays. These books are not necessarily helpful for genealogical information,
although some photos identify those photographed. Click Arcadia Catalog Search
to search by state..
An example of some Allentown photos are views of the Hess Brothers department
store (various years) and its soda fountain (1905). In the early 20th
century, Hess Brothers had 46 departments and 500 employees in PA. Other photos are
of businesses, street scenes, events, transportation (trolley, horse and
wagons, trains, and other early vehicles), building the 8th Street bridge, and
New Britain (backordered)
New Britain (Vol. 2) (backordered)
South Bend (3)
Allentown (two versions) I purchased ISBN 10-0-7385-0996-5)
The Lehigh Valley Cement Industry
Catasauqua and North Catasauqua
3. BURGENLAND IMMIGANT OBITS
Theresa Demidont, 82, formerly of Allentown, died Sept. 24, 2007 in the home
of her daughter in Northampton. She was the wife of the late Andry Demidont,
who died Jan. 15, 2006. Theresa was born March 15, 1925 in Rábafüzes
(Raabfidisch), Hungary, daughter of the late Thomas and Theresia (Györy) Düh.
Josefa "Josephine" Walthier, nee Lorenz, age 69, died in Frankfort, IL Sept,
25. She was born in Oberdorf, December 1, 1937. She was a very active member
of the BG since 1957. Her daughter Anita was a former Miss Burgenland. She was
married to Martin Wlathier and had numerous relatives in Austria.
Angela Matika, 85, of Hokendauqua (Whitehall), died October 7, 2007, at home.
She was the wife of the late Michael G. Matika. Born in St. Nikolaus,
Burgenland, Austria, she was the daughter of the late Paul and Theresa (Stranzl)
Stelzmann, and the stepdaughter of the late Mary (Leitgeb) Stelzmann.
Josephine Schmidt, 94, of Allentown, died Wednesday, October 17, 2007. She
was the widow of Frank Schmidt, who predeceased her in 1968. Born in Zahling,
Burgenland, Austria, Josephine was the daughter of the late Joseph and Theresa
(Schlener) Yost. She came to the United States at the age of eight years. She
had been very active at St. Peter's Evangelical Lutheran Church and was a
former member and volunteer at the Austrian-Hungarian Veterans' Society in
4. KRONEN CURRENCY CONVERSION 1900 vs 2007
Correspondent writes: I need to know approximately how many US Dollars 200
Austrian Kronen were worth around 1900. From what I can gather, it was only
about 40 dollars. Might you be of some help?
Tom Steichen replies:
Known equivalences (circa 1900) are as follows:
2 Kronen = 1 Gulden
1 Gulden = 1.5 Verienthaler
1 Verienthaler = 3 German Goldmarks
2790 German Goldmarks = 1 KG gold
1 KG gold = 32.1507 T. oz gold
1 T. oz gold = 20 US $
If you multiply everything in the first column together and do the same for
the second column, then cancel common units, you come up with: 5580 Kronen =
2893.563 US $
Dividing both sides by 5580 gives: 1 Kronen = 0.518559677 US $
Thus 200 Kronen = 103.71 US $ in ~ 1900.
What the equivalences are today... well that's a different question.
Newsletter continues as no. 168A
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER] BB News No. 168A dtd. Oct. 31, 2007
Date: Tue, 30 Oct 2007 17:57:00 EDT
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 168A
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Our 12th Year- Issued monthly as email by )
October 31, 2007
(c) 2007 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved)
~NOTE - BB INTERNET LINKS UPDATE: Our BB Internet Links web page is
frequently edited to remove "dead" links, reflect changes or add new addresses. This
was again done on 10/8/07. See homepage and contact Anna Kresh-BB Internet
Editor if you wish to add a link.~
The second section of this 3 section newsletter includes:
1. Message From Robert Pumm-1500th BB Member
2. Follow up to BB Newsletter #167 - Family Solar (Szoller)
1. MESSAGE FROM ROBERT PUMM-1500TH BB MEMBER
Robert writes: I am proud to become the 1500th member of the Burgenland
Bunch. My father Samuel Pumm was born in Kukmirn, Austria. His father was Michael
Pumm and his mother was Julia Ernst. He left Kukmirn and sailed to America from
Antwerp, Belgium on June 20, 1913, on the SS Finland. Sam settled in Buffalo,
NY, mainly because his brother Frank Pumm was already there and working. Sam
started as an apprentice in a local brewery. In his career he worked in
various breweries in the Buffalo area. He retired in 1960 from the Phoenix Brewery.
Sam died in Buffalo, NY in 1967. I am the second son of Samuel, with an older
brother Edward, and a younger brother Paul.
My mother's maiden name is Catherine Dukarm. My mother was born in St.
Miklos, Banat Area of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. Today it is part of Romania.
Her family migrated in the 1700's from Eppelborn, Germany.
My dad was a member of the Buffalo-Austrian Benevolent Society. They owned
their own meeting place in Buffalo, at 571 Broadway. They had a steward that ran
the restaurant and bowling alleys. The membership consisted of almost 200
members, all with Austrian backgrounds. At one time, my uncle Frank Pumm was
steward. Each year they had an Austrian day, with parade and picnic. Lots of beer
and food was served. My mother was chairman of the kitchen, which served
Hungarian goulash. In the parade my father carried the American flag, and I and my
brothers carried the banner of the society.
In the walk around Kukmirn pictures (supplied by Hannes Graf), you showed a
statute of soldiers that served with the German forces during World War II. One
name, on the statute was Edward Pumm. My brother Edward Pumm served in the US
Air Force in Italy and flew 50 missions over Germany and Austria. He didn't
know at that time he had a cousin with the same name fighting for the German
I also served in the US Army as a MP Sergeant in 1946 in Germany. I tried to
get to Kukmirn, but it was occupied at that time by the Russians. I am now
retired from New York Telephone Company.
I have attached various pictures. One is of my parents Sam and Catherine.
Another is of Edward, myself Robert, and Paul (left to right). The others are
from the Society.
2. FOLLOWUP TO BB NEWSLETTER #167-FAMILY SOLAR
(ED Note: BB Newsletter no. 167 concerned subject family. Two of our staff,
Margaret Kaiser and Fritz Konigshofer found the research most interesting.
While their replies are voluminous, this search is a good example of what can be
accomplished in researching family history via the Burgenland Bunch. Our thanks
to Stephen Solar, Margaret and Fritz for providing the example)
Margaret writes: Based on the information provided in BB Newsletter #167,
your ancestor's arrival was:
Ellis Island Records
Ferenczne Szollar, age 19, arrived Sept. 18, 1904 from Fiume on "The
Pannonia." Last residence listed Szt. Gotthard, joining her husband, a resident of
South Bethlehem. Note the "ne" suffix in "Ferencz" denotes this is the wife of
Ferencz Szollar. Ferencz is Hungarian for Frank/Franz.
World War 1 draft records have a Frank Solar and wife Gisella living in
Allentown, PA. This Frank was born December 13, 1881. This same man is listed as
living at 135 N. Penn Street with wife, Stella.
1920 census, 937 Fifth Street, Allentown
Frank (38), Gizela (34), Leo (14), Sophia E.(11), Edward F. (8), Elsie M. (7)
& Pauline (3-10/12s) Solar. Mr. Solar is a tailor.
1930 census, 616 Greenleaf Street
Frank, Stella, Sophia E., Edward F., & Pauline H. Solar.
Stephen responds: Thank you so very much for this information. Yes, this is
my great-grandmother, and the son listed as Edward, is my grandfather. I have
been doing this genealogy for 20 years, and I have received more information
from you and the website in the last month than I ever did. My great-grand
father Frank, was a tailor in Allentown and worked for Koch Brothers of
The last surviving sibling of my Grandfather, Pauline, passed away in 1997,
but I had a chance to know her. Please let me know if you need any more
Margaret then writes: Here is more information:
1910 census, 937 Fifth Street Allentown
indexed on Heritage Quest and Ancestry.com as Solie
Frank (28), Gisela (24), Leo (5) & Sophie E. (3)
An article in the Philadelphia Inquirer, May 1, 1916 tells of $500 being
donated by Koch Bros. for benefit of Home of Good Shepherd, Allentown
Szollars, Ferencz, age 23, of Alsocsabogany (per Ellis Island indexing),
immigrated July 26, 1904 on board the SS Bremen from Bremen. He is a tailor. You
might advise what faith your ancestors were and we can tell you what church
they likely attended, then you can inquire about church records (baptisms,
marriages, deaths, etc.).
>From SSDI, all Allentown residents
Edward Solar, Feb. 5, 1911 - April 1974 (your father)
Leo Solar, April 6, 1905 - April 1974 (your uncle)
Stella Solar, July 13, 1901 - Feb. 1985 (a relative?)
It was common in Burgenland in mixed marriage for couples to raise sons in
the husband's faith, and daughters in the wife's faith.
1930 census, 321 (rear) 15th St., Allentown, PA
Leo, 24, Stella (26), Doris (3-5/12s), Edward (2-4/12s)
Leo was a weaver in a silk mill.
Stella immigrated in 1922
Leo and Stella married at ages 20 and 23, most likely in Allentown.
Gizella (Stella) Mahr (later Solar), age 20, born in Pottendorf, last
residence Wallendorf arrived Feb. 3, 1922 from Southampton on board "The Acquitania."
Going to her stepbrother, John Kloober, 423 Cedar Street, Allentown. Her
father was Michael Mahr of Wallendorf house #14. She naturalized in 1938.
Note: Stephen in Hungarian is Istvan.
Stephen responds: Had we met years ago, I probably would have visited
Hungary, Austria, Slovenia by now! Frank and Stella were my great-grandparents.
Edward was my grandfather. Frank came here before Stella (I think) in 1904 on New
Bremen II, leaving from Szentgotthard and arriving in June/July, 1904. He
lived with his sponsor in Bethlehem before settling in Allentown. He died in
June, 1954, in Allentown.
My great-grandfather, Frank, was Roman Catholic, and Stella was Lutheran.
Edward, and his brother, Leo were raised Catholic, and the girls (Sophie, Elsie
and Pauline) were raised Lutheran. I remember talking to great-aunt Pauline
before she died about it, and she pretty much said: "That's what they did back
I guess great-grandpa lived in Szentgotthard for a time although I don't know
how long. I remember from his obit that HIS father (my great-great
grandfather)'s name was STEPHEN SOLAR! Spelled exactly the same way. I was named after
my maternal grandfather. Thanks so much for all your invaluable help. PS: I
have seen the house at 937 5th Street and Penn Street.
Margaret then wrote: Your great-grandfather arrived in July, followed shortly
thereafter in September by your great-grandmother. See Ellis Island info
You should definitely consider a trip to the "Heimat." There may be a trip
organized in 2008, probably in July. This trip is to be offered to BB members
by a tour group. Follow the BB for information. Thank you for your kind words
of appreciation. I am delighted to be of assistance as time permits.
Email from Fritz Konigshofer follows:
I am one of the BB Newsletter editors. This evening I browsed through the
most recent newsletter (no. 167) of the Burgenland Bunch and noted the article
about the search for the home town of your great grandfather Francis X. Solar.
Klaus Gerger pointed you to the town Dolnji Slaveci in the Republic of
Slovenia, which pre-WWI was called Alsócsalogány, located in the Muraszombat district
of Vas county, Hungary.
Ellis Island records have the arrival of a Ferencz Szollars (the "s" at the
end may be a spelling mistake in the manifest) on July 26, 1904, age 23,
married, a tailor by profession. His last residence is transcribed as
Alsocsabogany, but in the actual manifest, the b could well be an l. Ferenc is the
Hungarian form of the name Francis. This person was on the way to a friend in South
Bethlehem with name Istvan (Stephen) Krem (?, could it be Krenn?). Could this
arrival record be the one of your great grandfather?
Fritz later writes: It seems that the Ferencz Szollars record at Ellis Island
is indeed the arrival record of your great grandfather. Date, ship,
profession and town of origin all fit. I hope that you have looked at this ship
manifest yourself (www.ellisislandrecords.org). The town of origin is wrongly
transcribed as Alsocsabogany. It should be Alsocsalogany (correctly in Hungarian
spelling, it is Alsócsalogány). As a detail with some potential interest,
Ferencz (Frank) stated his ethnicity as German. According to the data of the
1910 census, nearly all 800 inhabitants of Alsócsalogány declared their ethnicity
as "Wend" (Slovenian). Only 30 listed German.
It is quite possible that Frank had lived and worked in Szentgotthárd and
still stated Alsócsalogány as his last residence. He probably grew up in
Alsócsalogány and had home rights (predating the concept of citizenship) there. The
fine distinctions between last residence and place of origin were not always
precisely reflected in the earlier ship manifests.
When you check the spelling Szollar (Szollár) at Ellis Island records, you
will find the arrival of Frank's wife. She is listed as Ferenczne Szollar, age
19, and arrived in New York on September 18, 1904, sailing from Fiume. The
Hungarian way for a wife's name was/is to say Szollár Ferenczné, meaning Mrs.
Frank Szollár. Therefore, we unfortunately cannot deduce her first name and
maiden name from this manifest. Young Mrs. Szollár stated her ethnicity also as
German. Her last residence was Szent Gotthárd (adding corroboration to your
family lore), on the way to meet her husband Szollár Ferencz in South Bethlehem.
The German ethnicity of Frank and his wife are not overly surprising. The old
(pre-WWI) county of Vas was ethnically very mixed. According to the census of
1910, a bit more than 50% declared themselves as Magyars (Hungarians), more
than a quarter as Germans, and more than 10% as Vends (Slovenians). There were
also less than 5% Croats. Most of the ethnic Germans lived in the western
part of the county. As a result of the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian
Monarchy after WWI, the western part of Vas was severed from Hungary and became the
southern part of the new Austrian state of Burgenland. The southern part of
old Vas county was severed too, and became part of the new country Yugoslavia.
After its breakup in the early 1990s, it is now the Republic of Slovenia.
As to the wife of your granduncle, Pottendorf may be the town of this name in
Lower Austria (near the border to Burgenland). There is another town called
Pöttendorf in Lower Austria. If it is a misspelling, the town could be
Pöttelsdorf in today's Middle Burgenland, or Poppendorf in southern Burgenland which
is relatively near old Alsócsalogány. Since the couple likely met in the
USA, all these options, and perhaps others, are equally likely.
Now let me discuss the question of records. As you will see, you could do a
lot of research here in the USA before you venture on a trip to your ancestral
In old Vas county, most of the ethnic Slovenians lived in the district of
Muraszombat, the most southern district of old Vas county. Some ethnic
Slovenians lived in the southern parts of the district of Szentgotthárd. Many of the
"Slovenian" towns had traditional Slovenian names (though slightly Magyarized).
In the early 20th century, Hungary embarked on a project to assign unique
place names to all Hungarian towns and villages, and in the process replace all
place names by new names. The name Alsócsalogány is likely among the names
only created in the early 20th century. These last-minute name changes make
record searching a bit more difficult than usual.
The traditional name of Alsócsalogány was Alsó-Slavecza. In the Dvorzsák
book of Hungarian place names of 1870, you will find your ancestral town under
the latter name in the district of Muraszombat. To see the Dvorzsák listings,
Click Vas county, and page to the Muraszombat district (jaras). Click on the
bottom right for the next page.
The Dvorzsák entry shows the place of the Roman-catholic parish (and
records) as Tót Szent György (403 souls in Alsó-Slavecza), the Lutheran parish as
Bodoncz (231 souls), and the Jewish congregation at Muraszombat (9 souls). In
the subsequent reform of place names, Tót Szent György became Vizlendva, while
Bodoncz became Bodóhegy.
LDS (the Mormons) have microfilmed the duplicates of the parish records of
former district Muraszombat. For the film holdings, see the LDS web site at
Check for place names Vizlendva and Bodohegy and see what you get. You could
order the films for viewing at a Family History Center near you (check your
phone directory for Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints).
A possible alternative source for you might be the records of Szentgotthárd.
Perhaps Gizella hailed from there. When the couple already lived in the USA,
it is quite likely that they sent information back to the old country about
the births of their children. This was likely a requirement (though not always
obeyed). You would find the information in the civil records. As for
Alsócsalogány, civil recording may well have been in Vizlendva, or alternatively in
also nearby Felsõlendva.
My advice for you would be to first of all search the civil marriage records
of Vizlendva for the marriage of Ferencz and Gizella. If you don't find
marriages of Alsócsalogány in the civil records of Vizlendva, try your luck with
the civil records of Felsolendva.
If you make a trip to the area, remember that the Roman-catholic parish for
Alsócsalogány was in Vízlendva. This town is today called Sveti Jurij (in
Slovenia. The parish may still have the original parish records. The original
birth record of Ferencz (Frank) may well contain a marginal note about the later
marriage of Ferencz with Gizella.
(ED Note: A great piece of research.)
Newsletter continues as number 168B,
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER] BB News No. 168B dtd. Oct. 31, 2007
Date: Tue, 30 Oct 2007 17:57:18 EDT
THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS -No. 168B
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
(Our 12th Year- Issued monthly as email by )
October 31, 2007
(c) 2007 G. J. Berghold-all rights reserved)
~LANGUAGE ALONE DOES NOT CREATE A PEOPLE. THE AUSTRIANS FEEL FOREIGN INSIDE
THEMSELVES TO ALL OTHER GERMANS.~ Oswald Spengler, 1919
~THE AUSTRIAN IDEA CAN ONLY BE UNDERSTOOD IN TERMS OF SPACE. IT WAS BORN IN
SPACE, IT IS DEFINED BY SPACE AS IS NO OTHER CONCEPT OF NATIONHOOD,~ Ludwig
The third section of this 3 section newsletter includes:
1. Fun With Feri Tschank-Austrian TV Anchor
2. 2. BB Staff Member's Home Threatened By Fire
3. Lehigh Valley Ethnic Events Oct.-Dec. 2007
4. 5th Descendant Of 5th Generation
1. FUN WITH FERI TSCHANK (from Margaret Kaiser)
Burgenland TV Anchor Feri Tschank Visits NJ & Lehigh Valley
Feri Tschank, anchor for BKF TV, "Das Burgenland Fernsehen," visited New
Jersey in September, 2007. Feri is the Hungarian nickname for Ferenc
(Frank/Franz). Feri's interests include publicizing the food, wines and culture of
Burgenland. He resides in Burgenland's capital, Eisenstadt, and has family in
Mattersdorf. The Burgenländische Gemeinschaft's (BG) Dr. Walter Dujmovits arranged
for the Burgenland Bunch (BB) to be notified of Feri's visit.
Frank Paukowits, BB contributing editor, as well as founder of the
Burgenlaenders Honored and Remembered (BH&R) website, exchanged emails with Feri and
learned that Feri was interested in the Burgenland immigration experience. It
was decided that Feri, his NJ hostess/assistant, Donna Durling, Frank, and
Margaret Kaiser, also a BB contributing editor; would meet at the NJ ferry gateway
to Ellis Island. During the Ellis Island visit, discussions would acquaint
Feri with the Burgenland immigration experience; as well as with the BB, which
was only days away from enrolling its 1500th member; and the BH&R website. The
chosen day was clear and sunny, perfect for filming the impressive NY Harbor
area, Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty.
Nowadays when traveling to Ellis Island via the NJ harbor side of the Hudson
River, visitors first encounter the Central Railroad Terminal which opened in
1889, and is in process of being restored. This landmark makes a fine adjunct
to the Ellis Island immigrant experience since this is the railroad terminal
where many of our ancestors boarded trains for in-land destinations. The
brick, turreted, 3-level, balconied terminal has a large, impressive waiting room
with visitor information, ferry ticketing and other facilities. The
many-tracked area to the rear of the terminal is still posted with the route signs from
those long-ago days. The terminal now is surrounded by Liberty State Park, a
yacht club and modern Jersey City buildings. The Art Deco ferry building on
Ellis Island was restored this year, and plans are underway to restore other
original buildings as they were during the 1892-1954 years, when Ellis was an
immigrant processing station.
Feri was presented with a special package containing BB and BH&R information.
While sitting beside the Ellis Island Wall of Honor, Feri interviewed Frank
about the BB and BH&R. As more was learned about the program Feri plans to
produce, we suggested that he would benefit from and enjoy a visit to
Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley (LV) where he could personally see where many Burgenland
immigrants went and perhaps interview them or their descendants. It was arranged
that on Friday, Feri, Donna and myself would tour the Lehigh Valley with Ed
and Frank Tantsits, both BB members, lifetime area residents and fantastic LV
tour guides. Frank Paukowits could not tour on Friday as he was preparing for
a trip to China, where he hoped to find a Burgenlander or two, and also visit
an Austrian restaurant in Beijing of which he had heard. Friday was a
beautiful day, and we certainly experienced a serious, sometimes amusing, and
thorough tour of the Lehigh Valley. Frank Tantsits is an expert navigator of the
area's one-way streets, and Ed is quite an informed and amusing raconteur of past
and present LV history. Often Feri drifted about filming unobtrusively
whatever captured his interest. We viewed the Lehigh Valley from a South Mountain
perch and from its opposing Blue Mountain perch, where we unexpectedly found
overlooking the LV, a runwayless, still-commissioned, F-14 Tomcat military, jet
fighter. The jet was installed there in 2003 and represents the Egypt VFW
Veterans Memorial in Whitehall (http://news.webshots.com/album/559545620EhIuLd).
During our visit it was brought forth that the early immigrants found the
Lehigh Valley landscape very similar to their former Burgenland homeland with its
gently rolling hills and farms.
Briefly, here is a sampling of some of the points of our tour. In Bethlehem,
we visited the historic Moravian area; the huge, former Bethlehem Steel site;
the Holy Ghost Church and its cemetery, where many of our ancestors
worshipped and now rest; Moravian College, where Donna was a student, and the John F.
Spirk Middle School, named in honor of his many years in local and state
education. John F. Spirk is a son of Oberradling immigrant Frank Spirk. Frank
earned the Carnegie Hero Award (http://www.carnegiehero.org/search.php) in 1916
when he risked his life to save a Bethlehem Steel co-worker's life. He died in
1937 in another Bethlehem Steel accident.. Frank's name is among the 600 plus
names listed on the Bethlehem Steel Workers' Memorial honoring workers who
died in work accidents between 1905-1996
(http://www.sitesofnj.com/Bethlehemsteel/BethlehemsteelMemorial.html). We then traveled to Allentown and drove around
the business district and the areas where Burgenlanders lived. We cruised on
to Coplay and stopped briefly at the Coplay Saengerbund, and stopped at the
Coplay cemetery to pay our respects to the Burgenlanders resting there . We
visited the cement mill memorial in Coplay, and drove past the still-active
cement plants in Cementon and Northampton, where many Burgenlanders found
employment. Around this time, Feri came perilously close to poison ivy plants; and
when he was cautioned to beware, we learned that these plants do not exist in
Burgenland. In Northampton we visited the Stegersbach Sister City Memorial. We
passed many churches attended by the Burgenlanders. We even walked through
the historic Kreidersville covered bridge which is located not far from an
ancestral Tantsits farm.
Over lunch and supper breaks we heard more local lore and talked about
various topics of mutual interest. I asked Feri if the strudel makers in Burgenland
today still stretch strudel dough at home by hand, and he replied that most
home bakers find it is easier to buy the dough leaves in a store and simply add
the fillings at home and bake. Ed told of his agreement with his wife
whereby if he found a suitable large, green pumpkin, she would make green pumpkin
soup; of course, Ed found the green pumpkin and had to explain to the pumpkin
sellers why he wanted a green pumpkin. Ed and Frank claimed that the results
were excellent. Ed and Frank talked about many other Burgenland food favorites,
such as Austrian fruit bread, plum dumplings and various strudels and
kipfels, especially those filled with poppy seeds. These discussions were
reminiscent and enthusiastic. Ed mentioned that he had ordered two pairs of Nordic
walking sticks, as used in Europe, for his wife and himself. Ed's cousin
introduced the sticks to them on their visit to Güssing this past July. Feri advised
on the correct use of these sticks. There is a technique of how the hands shou
ld move and be placed on the sticks. It developed that Feri was
well-acquainted with Ed and Frank's cousin, Johann Jandrasits, a retired politician. Feri
didn't realize that the recently remodelled Eisenstadt home where Johann now
lives, is the birth house of Hollywood's Fred Astaire.
On Friday evenings a buttonbox jam session is held at the Edelweis Restaurant
in Northampton. What a welcome we received there! Feri immediately said
that the place and the atmosphere were just like in Burgenland, and remarked that
the faces there were the faces of Burgenland. On this evening there were
three buttonbox players (two men and one woman). Much gemütlichkeit was enjoyed
by all and Feri interviewed the musicians and attendees either in German or
English. We were advised that the usual, informal group of accompanying singers
were absent on a trip. Among those present was an immigrant Burgenlander who
first immigrated to Victoria, Canada, then to NYC and finally retired in the
LV. One of the buttonbox players, Walter Kleinschuster, is a friendly 80-year
old retired shoemaker who took up buttonbox playing in his 40s, and is nearly
self taught. The lady buttonbox player, Ida Bartholomew, is also an avid
player. Her husband and sister told us about buttonbox history and competitions..
Feri interviewed Hilda Spitzer from Northampton who is lively, funny and
still fluent in an older Hianisch dialect, rarely heard in Burgenland today.
What great days; visiting with Feri and Donna! It was a great experience to
introduce and share the BB, BH&R and immigrant experiences with Feri and
Donna. Feri graciously offered to send us a copy of the finished program. Perhaps
Feri will visit again, and we can introduce him to other Burgenland
immigrants and their descendants, as well as show him those few places of Burgenland
interest missed on this visit. With special thanks to Feri Tschank, Donna
Durling, Frank Paukowits, Ed and Frank Tantsits., I submit this report until we
Margaret also writes: The visit to the LV was a fantastic experience. It
involved a detailed tour of the very many locations in the LV where Bglders lived,
worked and played. Ed and Frank Tantsits (BB members) led the tour, and were
amusing, cordial and knowledgeable LV tour directors. (We even parked in
front of BB vice-pres. Anna Kresh's sister's house in Northampton for a moment or
two.) I am sure everyone involved will remember this visit, especially the
Bgld immigrants and descendants Feri interviewed at the Edelweiss Haus button
box jam session. We were made VERY, VERY welcome The Tantsits brothers
certainly know the LV, many of the Bgld inhabitants and their culture. They have also
gathered much information for incorporation into the Burgenlaender Honored
and Remembered website. Both are most generous in spirit and in sharing their
2. BB STAFF MEMBER'S HOME THREATENED BY FIRE
By now most of you know of the terrible fires which have engulfed San Diego,
CA. You may not know that charter staff member Bob Unger lives in San Diego.
He is our western US contact, has made many trips to the Burgenland and has had
many articles published in the BB news. Recent correspondence follows:
Bob , Haven't heard from you for a while and now I see San Diego is on fire.
Are you ok? Gerry
Bob responds: Yes we are OK so far. Our son had to evacuate last night and
came to our house 2 a.m. this morning, 10/23/07 (Bob's son was able to return
to his house the next day-his house was not burned). The fires are burning
all over San Diego County with more than 250,000 evacuated so far. The nearest
fire is about 5 miles away. The brush is so dry that sparks flying through
the fire start new fires 1/4 miles or so from the major fires. Most fortunate
for this morning is that the wind has died down. Yesterday it was gusting
upwards of 80 MPH and as a consequence the (fire fighting) planes could not fight
the fires. Currently they have many planes in the air dropping fire
retardant. We keep praying for all the area. Thanks for your concern. (ED. Note: As
of this date we understand the fires are abating and the Unger home has been
3. LEHIGH VALLEY ETHNIC EVENTS (from Bob Strauch)
NOTE: The Austrian Flag Raising scheduled for Sunday, October 28th at the
Northampton Liederkranz has been postponed due to the 100th Anniversary
Celebration of Our Lady of Hungary Church taking place the same afternoon. A new date
for the flag raising has not yet been set.
*Sat., Nov. 3: Bazaar, Our Lord's Ascension Polish National Catholic Church,
2105 Jennings St. in Bethlehem, (610) 694-0164. Hours: 10 AM - 2 PM. Kielbasa,
stuffed cabbage, pierogi, strudel, breads, assorted pastries.
*Sun., Nov. 4: Bazaar, St. Stephen of Hungary R.C. Church, 5th & Union Sts.
In Allentown, (610) 439-0111. Hours: 9:30 AM - 2 PM. Goulash, stuffed cabbage,
kifli, kalács, palacsinta.
*Sat., Nov. 17: Bazaar, Our Lady of Hungary R.C. Church, 1324 Newport Ave. in
Northampton, (610) 262-2227. Hours: 10 AM - 3 PM. Gerschtlsupp'n (egg-barley
soup), potato pancakes, assorted pastries.
*Sat., Dec. 15: Christmas Concert and Dance, Coplay Sängerbund, 205 S. Fifth
St. in Coplay (610) 262-9937. Music by the Coplay Sängerbund Mixed Chorus and
the Joe Weber Orchestra.
4. 5TH DESCENDANT OF 5TH GENERATION
I'm happy to report that the 5th descendant of our 5th Berghold generation in
the US arrived Monday, October 22, weighing 6 lbs. 5 oz. We are absolutely
Torello Alexander Calvani, descendant of Johann and Francis Langash Berghold,
Burgenland immigrants. A new and welcome "Burgenländer." He is another link
to the many Bergholds stretching back to 1650 in the Burgenland of Austria
END OF NEWSLETTER
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