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From: Hannes Graf <>
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER] BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER BB News No 192 dtdOctober 31, 2009
Date: Tue, 27 Oct 2009 18:27:36 +0100


THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS - No. 192
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
October 31, 2009
(c) 2009 - The Burgenland Bunch - all rights reserved

Our 13th Year, Editor: Johannes Graf and
Copy Editor Maureen Tighe-Brown

The Burgenland Bunch Newsletter, founded by Gerry Berghold (who retired in
Summer, 2008, and died in August, 2008), is issued monthly as email and
available online at
http://www.burgenland-bunch.org

Current Status Of The BB:
* Members: 1752 * Surname Entries: 5620 * Query Board Entries: 4236
* Newsletters Archived: 190 * Number of Staff Members: 14

EMAIL RECIPIENTS, PLEASE READ: You are receiving this email newsletter
because you are a BB member or have asked to be added to our distribution
list. To subscribe or unsubscribe, use the change form available from our
Home page at http://www.burgenland-bunch.org. You cannot send
email to this newsletter. If you have problems receiving the newsletter as
email, it may be read, downloaded, printed, or copied from the BB Home page.
There is also an Archive of previous newsletters.

This first section of our 2-section newsletter concerns:

1) HOMEPAGE STATISTICS
2) UPDATE THE LDS-FILES
3) "EMIGRATION AND DEPORTATION" PAGE
4) SCHANDORF - CEMBA BOOK & CD
5) UPCOMING EVENTS
6) GERRY BERGHOLD SCULPTURE
7) EMIGRATION-LIST OF SCHANDORF - CEMBA


1) HOMEPAGE STATISTICS

The popularity of our Homepage is growing month by month. In September,
2009,
we had a record 12,500-plus visits, with a daily average of 418.


2) UPDATE THE LDS-FILES

At 9th of October, Ed Tantsits wrote:

I am sending you the updates of the Districts. Frank Teklits talked with me
and said it would be a very good idea to include all the location names and
the parishes they belong to. That it would be good to see these together
and we would not have to go elsewhere to do this research.

Thank you, Ed, for this good idea and your work!

I have added the updates to the LDS-pages of several districts.

It is available under: http://www.burgenland-bunch.org/LDS/LDS.htm


3) "EMIGRATION AND DEPORTATION" PAGE

I got some lists of Deportation and Emigration, so I have done this new
feature.
Whenever we get additional lists, they can be added. And it's easy to
correct
and update in this way.

The first list was a deportation list from Pernau, which was published the
first time at NL-187. Now, Wilhelm Schmidt has corrected it and I have
published it
under: http://www.burgenland-bunch.org/Emigration/Pernau.htm

The second was a emigration list of Schandorf - Cemba. Ferdinand
Mühlgaszner
gave it to me in a meeting at his home. It is available under:
http://www.burgenland-bunch.org/Emigration/Schandorf.htm

I also have set a link to the external deportation list from Wolfs - Balf,
maintained by Robert Steiner in Germany.


4) SCHANDORF - CEMBA BOOK & CD

In the last NL (191) main theme, there was a short chronicle of Schandorf -
Cemba.
This was a summary of the book "Schandorf - Cemba - Csem" that was put out
by the
Kulturverein Schandorf.
It has 216 pages, many pictures, and is written in German, with summaries in
Croatian and English.

Another book and CD of the Kulturverein Schandorf is "Schandorf - Cemba /
Auswanderer - Iseljeninki - Emigrants".
Additionally, on the CD is a Powerpoint presentation with 225 pages that
needs 100 minutes to play and has a background of Tamburizza- music. It is
complete
and showable in three languages: German, Croatian, and English.
(Ed: It's great, but takes a while to load.)

All these goodies are available from:

DR. Ferdinand Mühlgaszner
()


5) UPCOMING EVENTS

2009 November 12 - Bi-monthly meeting of the Burgenland Bunch of Missouri at
the
home of

Ronald E. Markland P.E.
15908 Wetherburn Road
Chesterfield, MO 63017



6) GERRY BERGHOLD SCULPTURE

Last week, I started the final steps for the Gerry Berghold Sculpture.
For people who don't know about it, here's a little introduction.

After the death of Gerry Berghold (our Burgenland Bunch founder) last year,
I had an idea to make a
monument (sculpture) for him.

First, I tried to find people or institutions
in Burgenland who would be interested and would support this project.
I had some ideas about how it should look when finished, but I was not sure
about it, so I
discarded them and started from the beginning. I had my final idea on my US
trip to Pennsylvania this past summer, and I told it to the BB staff members
attending our meeting in Northampton. But this idea also needed time to
begin the realizing. I sampled some materials I needed, but didn't have
much time to do so.

My final idea, which will now become realized, is:

A bronze-casted monitor-keyboard-mouse-mix that has the form of a
Burgenland-map
and Gerry's face.

It's the idea that each BB member would have his or her own sculpture on
their desk, with Gerry's
face looking out of the computer monitor (in relief) to watch us continue
his work.

But I know that I have to do it NOW. I got a lot of support from my friend,
Paul Mühlbauer, the founder
and owner of the Sculpture-Park in Olbendorf. http://www.muehlbauer.cc/
So we made an agreement that
I can use his studio and he will help me if I need it.

I really have no idea how I should finance all this material and the
casting.

But anyways, maybe we can all start to think about it.

I have made an Internet page where I am documenting the ongoing "evolution"
of this project:

http://www.burgenland-bunch.org/Imp/Gerry/GS.htm


7) EMIGRATION-LIST OF SCHANDORF - CEMBA

Name Householder's Given Name Adr. Birthdate Emig. Year Emig. Address

Bauer Andreas Bardosijevi 95 16.9.1885 1902
Bauer Josef Bardosijevi 95 1901 1902
Bauer Katharina Bardosijevi 95 1894
Bauer Karl Jurkesov 49
Bauer Michael Bardosijevi 95 1879 1907 New York
Bauer Agnes Bardosijevi 95 1891 1907 New York
Berszenyi Anna Michini 33
Berszenyi Rosa Michini 33
Berszenyi Stefan Vargini 116 26.10.1902 1925
Berszenyi Katharina Vargini 116
Berszenyi Anna Vargini 116 27.08.1905 1927
Bencsics Wilhelm Tisljarovi 135 13.01.1937 62/70 Chicago
Bencsics Ingrid Tisljarovi 135 13.08.1944 62/70 Chicago
Bencsics Kornelia Tisljarovi 135 05.08.1962 62/70 Chicago
Bencsics Heidemarie Tisljarovi 135 13.10.1968 1970 Chicago
Csencsics Johann Rozalini 88 15.04.1905 Kanada
Csencsics Josef Fabiancicevi 4 27.11.1894 1921
Hoffmann Theresia Fabiancicevi 4 17.9.1898 1921
Csencsics Karl Fabiancicevi 4 1921
Eine Person Cinajkini 28
Eine Person Cinajkini 28
Csencsics Helene Fabiancicevi 4 12.04.1905
Dorner Andreas Agelini 100
Dorner Josef Agelini 100
Dorner Ludwig Agelini 100
Dorner Ferdinand Agelini 100
Dorner Koloman Agelini 100
Dorner Karl 125 14.10.1899 1930 Amerika
Billisics Maria Dürnbach 72 1.3.1895 1930
Gabriel Georg Koloncevi 1867 1907 Passaic
Gabriel Maria Koloncevi 1871 1907 Passaic
Fabsits Karl Pesini 81
Fabsits Johann Pesini 81
Fabsits Johann Pesini g.,Grabantovi h. 94 24.09.1906 1927 Amerika
Fabsits Michael Pesini d. 8
Fabsits Anna Pesini d. 8
Fabsits Karl Pesini d.,Strukljini h. 8 01.05.1901 1922 Amerika
Fabsits Stefan Pesini d.,Strukljini h. 8 20.08.1903 Amerika
Fabsits Josef Jokelinovi 135
Fabsits Etelka Jokelinovi 135
Fabsits Angela Jokelinovi 135
Fabsits Ferdinand Jokelinovi 135
Fabsits Maria Jokelinovi 135
Fabsits Rosa Jokelinovi 135 30.08.1914 Amerika
Fabsits Johann Botkini 112 17.04.1905
Fabsits Ferdinand Botkini 112
Fleischacker Josef Stefurini 130 11.9.1894 1923
Veszelits Anna Stefurini 130
Fleischacker Eleonora Stefurini 130 17.09.1925
Fleischacker Karl Suokerovi, Pepicini h. 65 7.7.1898 1922
Fleischacker. Koloman Truckini 56 28.11.1905 1924
Fleischacker Karl Hercokovi 01.12.1936 1961 USA
Geicsnek Karl Kucerkini,Truckini h. 57 11.6.1895 1923
Geicsnek Karl Janini, Stuparicevi h. 25 25.8.1896 1921
Marlovits Karoline Kilencevi, Spanovi h. 35 15.09.1902 1925
Gerlesits Robert Kejnjijevi 127 30.12.1900 1923
Gerlesits Johann Kejnjijevi 127 30.05.1930
Gruber Alexius Filipovi 104 1950
Herits Ferdinand Bufovi g. 82
Herits Josef Bufovi g. 82
Holzmann Anna Jandrini g. 54 1950
Holzmann Josef Jandrini 131 5.10.1885 1925
Holzmann Ludwig Jandrini g. 54 16.11.1894
Holzmann Emil Jandrini g. 54
Holzmann Veronika Licljini 5
Horvath Franz Spanovi 36 1868 1907 Passaic
Horvath Karl Spanovi 36 28.04.1911
Horvath Johann Spanovi 36 26.7.1883 1920 Passaic
Horvath Maria Spanovi 36 5.9.1889 1920 Passaic
Horvath Anna Spanovi 36 28.04.1911 1929 Passaic
Horvath Johann Agelini 79 11.11.1899 1929
Horvath Paul Agelini/Tucijevi 79 08.06.1902 1929 Amerika
Horvath Rosa Tucijevi 79
Horvath Anna Tucijevi 79
Horvath Stefan Tucijevi 79 14.4.1898 1922 Chicago
Horvath Stefan Ziecevi 46
Horvath Katharina Ziecevi 46
Horvath Josef Docini 113 20.04.1913
Horvath Karoline Docini 113
Horvath Koloman Luobickini 78 06.11.1901 1924
Horvath Ferdinand Hecljinovi 41 13.07.1900 1923
Puhm Johanna Debelovi 62 10.8.1899 1925
Horvath Helene Debelovi 62 08.07.1929
Horvath Josef Debelovi 62
Resetar Anna Ruozicini 39 26.07.1909
Karlovits Johann Miskicini 10 1.11.1899 1924 Kanada
Antal Rosa Miskicini 10 1935
Karlovits Johann Cikosevi,Tulijevi h. 117 23.6.1898 1926
Karlovits Karl Truckini h. 57 12.03.1905 1908
Karlovits Vincent Hantuolovi 2 11.04.1926 1953 Kanada Ont.
Karlovits Elisabeth Viktorovi 122 28.09.1926 1953 Kanada Ont.
Karlovits Ladislaus Hantuolovi 2 USA
Karlovits Stefan Hantuolovi 2 22.04.1905 USA
Kiss Katharina Bufovi 7
Bosits Maria Bufovi 7
Hanslist Rosa Bufovi 7
Berszenyi Ferdinand Bufovi 7
Leszecz Ludwig Hajsini 15 11.10.1899 1922
Dorner Anna Hajsini 15 10.10.1903
Lesetz Veronika Debelovi/Hajsini 62 USA
Leszecz Maria Hajsini 15 28.03.1921
Magdits Ladislaus Matokovi g. 61 09.04.1905 1948 USA
Magdits Johann Matokovi g. 61 14.04.1905 1948 USA
Magdits Anna Matokovi g. 61 1948 Amerika
Magdits Johann Magdicevi d. 13 04.05.1907 1928
Magdits Ludwig Magdicevi d. 13
Magdits Stefan Tildini 90 14.3.1896 1913
Antal Rosa Tildini 90 12.03.1905 Eisengrazn?
Magdits Katharina Tildini 90 Nov.29
Magdits Viktor Bankini 91 01.05.1901 1922
Steier Helene Bankini 91 18.05.1900
Magdits Maria Bankini 91 01.11.1925
Magdits Stefan Bankini 91
Magdits Alexander Lenkini 30 6.10.1896 1924 Südamerika
Bosits Johann ? Lenkini 30
Magdits Ernest Lenkini 30 17.03.1930
Magdits Josef Tildini 04.03.1905 1907 Passaic
Magdits Angela Karulijevi 137
Magdits (Bruder) Karulijevi 137
Milisits Josef Julini 3 Kanada
Milisits Anna Kovacevi nutri 35 Kanada
Muhr Josef Truckini 59 4.10.1888 1924
Muhr Anna Truckini 59 17.03.1915 Argentinien
Muhr Ferdinand Truckini 63 10.09.1902 1924
Omischl Johann Hajsini 29 14.10.1887
Omischl Josef Hajsini 32 10.12.1896 1923
Orovits August Kovacevi 138 31.8.1881
Karlovits Maria Stifterovi 138 5.8.1884
Orovits Ferdinand Stifterovi 138 14.03.1911
Bencsics Anna Dandini 95 27.03.1905
Orovits Franz Kovacevi 34 1932 Kanada
Orovits Maria Kovacevi 34
Orovits Anna Ziecevii 46 1927 Kanada
Orovits Maria Kulasevi 46
Orovics Josef Kovacevi 34 24.10.1898 1925
Puhm Josef Debelovi 62 06.02.1901 1926
Dorner Anna Seckerovi 92 30.10.1905 1929
Resetar Agnes Ruozicini 39
Resetar Stefan Ruozicini 39 Kanada
Resetar Anna Ruozicini 39
Gruber Elfriede Fudacevi 61 Kanada
Susits Rosina Baricevi 22 02.05.1913 1930 Südamerika
Susits Maria Baricevi 22
Susits Martha Baricevi 22 1930 Südamerika
Stefanits Johanna Troskini 9
Stefanits Stefan Troskini 9
Veraszto Franz Gejzini 38 1925 Argentinien
Veraszto Maria Nacijovi 23
Veraszto Michael Nacijovi 23
Takacs Helene Debelovi 62 1936 USA
Toth Angela Sundijevi 87
Toth Anna Sundijevi 87 23.3.1894 1908
Varga Maria g. Puhm Debelovi 62 Chicago
Varga Ernest Debelovi 62 1928 Chicago
Wolff Mary g. Varga Debelovi 62 1931 Chicago
Veszelits Ferdinand Steforini 130
Veszelits Teresia Steforini 130
Veszelits Karl 136 1907 USA
Wukits Stefan Vidanovi 1923 Amerika

http://www.burgenland-bunch.org/Emigration/Schandorf.htm


Newsletter continues as number 192A.


From: Hannes Graf <>
Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER] BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER BB News No 192A dtdOctober 31, 2009
Date: Tue, 27 Oct 2009 18:29:09 +0100


THE BURGENLAND BUNCH NEWS - No. 192A
DEDICATED TO AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN BURGENLAND FAMILY HISTORY
October 31, 2009
(c) 2009 - The Burgenland Bunch - all rights reserved

The second section of this 2-section newsletter includes:

1) THE HUNGARIAN UPSRISING OF 1956 (by Emmerich Koller)
2) THE BRIDGE OF ANDAU
3) THE STREET OF ESCAPING
4) COMMENTARY AN THE LIST OF DEPORTEES (by Wilhelm A. Schmidt)
5) "BORDER VILLAGES, ETHNIC TWINS"? (by Wilhelm A. Schmidt)


1) THE HUNGARIAN UPSRISING OF 1956 (by Emmerich Koller)

On the 4th of November fifty-three years ago, a terrible tragedy was
unfolding in the heart of Hungary. A popular uprising that began on October
23 was coming to a premature and bloody end. In the early hours of this day,
an overwhelming force of Soviet troops and tanks attacked Budapest, and
Hungary's hope for independence and freedom vanished under a
hail of Russian shells and bullets.

Far from these tragic events in the capital city, in my village near the
Austrian border, people were glued to radios trying to find out what exactly
was going on. While listening to a broadcast from Radio Budapest on the
first day of the uprising, I heard many gunshots in the background. Later I
learned that the armed conflict began at the radio station where that
broadcast originated when the AVO, Hungary's hated secret police, fired upon
demonstrators. Now, thirteen days later, my father listened with dismay and
fear to the desperate plea for help that Imre Nagy, Hungary's Prime
Minister, sent out to the free world. Despite earlier promises, especially
through CIA-sponsored Radio Free Europe in Bavaria, no help materialized. By
mid-morning, my father had reached a very important decision. He gathered us
around him to inform us that we had to escape to Austria immediately.

As a fourteen-year-old boy, I was a bit scared but also excited by this new
development and started packing what I could carry. I did not yet know the
underlying reasons for my father's fateful decision. As we trudged through
the mud towards the border, loaded down with whatever we could carry - we
lived very close to the Iron Curtain and knew where it was safe to cross -
Father finally had time to share with his family of ten people the reasons
for our leaving. He was escaping from the clutches of the secret police
that had made his life intolerable in the past years. He also couldn't see
us continue suffering the deprivations and indignities placed on us by
Hungary's tyrannical Stalinist regime. As we said good-bye to
Grandmother,
who at the last minute decided to stay behind, we made a promise to her that
we would be back just as soon as things got better again. Sadly, for
years
after our escape, the situation at home became worse instead of better and
Grandma died of a broken heart waiting for her family's return.

When we stepped onto Burgenland's soil near Bildein at about noon that
Sunday, we didn't know that we were just the front-runners of a massive
exodus that unfolded in the following days and weeks. Before the border was
closed tightly again, 200,000 Hungarians left their homeland with only their
clothes on their backs and maybe a few possessions in their hands. From all
corners of the country, refugees stole their way westward, to the safety and
freedom in Austria. Once the escapees made it past the dangers and
obstacles
of the Iron Curtain, the people of Burgenland were ready to welcome their
dispirited and traumatized guests with neighborly generosity and kindness.

The brutality with which the Russian forces crushed the revolution may have
precipitated the exodus, but the reasons for leaving had been piling up
during eight years of communist terror. Hungary's communist party took
control of the government in 1948. Until Stalin's death in 1953, life in
Hungary had become almost unbearable. The leaders of the
regime initiated a
reign of terror in Hungary that was harsher than in all other socialist
countries, even harsher than in the Soviet Union.
Throughout the land,
people were persecuted, tortured and even executed on trumped up charges
against the state. Tens of thousands were imprisoned or were taken to forced
labor camps. On the eve of the revolution, the number of purge victims had
reached over 200,000. Show trials, in which even communist political leaders
like László Rajk were condemned to death and prominent religious leaders
like Cardinal Mindszenty to life in prison, made a mockery of the justice
system. Those who didn't end up in prisons or forced labor camps were
coerced into spying and informing on each other. Friends and neighbors, even
children, could no longer be trusted. Fear, mistrust, deprivation and a
total disregard of human rights were the hallmarks of Hungary's Stalinist
era.

For the small farmers in villages like Pornóapáti/Pernau where my family
lived, the agrarian policies were the most difficult to take. Soon after
they seized control of the government, the communists introduced the failed
policies of the Soviet Union, complete with the persecution of the so-called
kulaks, a strong push for collectivization, excessive delivery
quotas and a counterproductive tax system. By the early 1950's,
Hungary, a land that used
to produce a surplus of food supplies, moved to the brink of starvation.
These were the years when I often stood in line at the village store for an
entire family's ration of half a loaf of bread or a small bottle of cooking
oil.

After Stalin's death in 1953, Hungary experienced a very modest thaw;
persecutions became a little less vicious, arrests a bit less frequent. In
February 1956, Khrushchev denounced the crimes of Stalin. Poland reacted
with a popular uprising in June; Hungary followed in October. Both uprisings
were put down brutally by Russian forces. Thirty-three years later, the
system collapsed on its own accord, exposing the flawed ideology and
philosophy upon which it was built. And although great progress has been
made since then in the embrace of the EU, long-term consequences of the
damages that the socialist governments of Eastern Europe have caused linger
to this day.


2) THE BRIDGE OF ANDAU

On October 23rd, 1956 a
national uprising broke out in Hungary. This
uprising was put down by the Soviet troops on November 5th. Over 200,000
Hungarians fled the country. The "BRIDGE at ANDAU" at that time was
indeed the last possible way into freedom for many.

The late American best-selling author James A. Michener had then been
"reporter on the spot." Thereafter, he wrote a book about the dramatic
events, entitled "The BRIDGE at ANDAU". This was, Michener writes,
possibly
the least important bridge in Europe. But the twist of fate would have it
become one of the most important bridges in the world for a couple of weeks.

The Andau chronicle tells you about these events:

On Sunday, November 4th, the roar of tank engines and the rattling of the
chains of armored vehicles approaching the national border was in the air.
The people held their breath, wondering what would happen. Our firefighters
went to the border and marked it with red-white-red flags. ... In the next
few days the first refugees arrived. From day to day, the flow of refugees
swelled. Thousands came from all over Hungary via the Einser channel to
Andau, into the freedom of the West.

This small, insignificant and yet world-famous ANDAU BRIDGE had been blown
up a little bit later.
Shortly before Christmas 1956, the future U.S. President Richard NIXON came
as the then Commissioner for Refugees to Andau to get a picture of this
refugee disaster. The population of Andau had been in continuous use for the
refugees.

Here again, the local chronicle:

The municipality and the people of Andau accomplished great humanitarian
work in those days and weeks, which today would be impossible to imagine.
The schools, the kindergarten, the cinema and all public spaces have been
provided for the accommodation of refugees. Today the "BRIDGE at
ANDAU" stands again. It is not only a monument that commemorates the ill-fated
times of a divided Europe, but also a symbol of helpfulness, tolerance and
togetherness across all political boundaries.

James A. Michener

"If I ever had to flee, so I hope that it can be to Austria"

Text excerpts from James A. Michener's book "The bridge at Andau"

At Andau there was a bridge. Could someone reach it, he found the way into
freedom.
Only an insignificant bridge, neither wide enough for a car nor strong
enough for a motorcycle.
It's rickety .....
Those generations who had once built this bridge could not, of course, know
the role this bridge of simple planks and beams will play one day. .......
They came out of the reeds of the marsh land, from the mud and the dirt,
right across the swamps and via the Einser channel, across the bridge with
the rickety beams.
Yes, that's the way they came.
Then we heard a dull bang, but nothing was to be seen. A refugee, who had
kept hidden until then, took his opportunity. Breathless he came running
towards us: "They have blown up the bridge!"
On November 21, 1956,
the bridge was blasted by Soviet troops.


3) THE STREET OF ESCAPING

This is the path that was received as the "escape road" in 1956 in
world history. That road was used by the Einser-channel, which forms the border
with Hungary, on the historic bridge Andau as the last escape route of many
thousands of people.

After the breakdown of the Iron Curtain, a group of artists made
1992-96 an international Syposium "Flucht und Vertreibung", and then
placed their works at the "Street of Escaping" between Andau bridge
and Andau village.

More than 90 sculptures are left and right at the road and also at the
Andau-bridge area beside the Einser-channel in a outdoor gallery of
unique proportions.


4) COMMENTARY AN THE LIST OF DEPORTEES (by Wilhelm A. Schmidt)

see: http://www.burgenland-bunch.org/Emigration/Pernau.htm

In the BB newsletter 187A, a list of families deported from
Pernau/Pornóapáti, Hungary, on May 26, 1946, was published. The list was
submitted by Emmerich Koller. But he did not prepare it, and no one I have
asked seems to know who did. The names on the list, both first and last, are
given in Hungarian, suggesting a Hungarian origin.

I immediately noticed discrepancies on the list. I recognized the first
name on it, but knew that a person by that name was deported with her mother
and four sisters, not alone. I think it refers to an old woman, living
across the street from us in Schwabhausen, whom we called Resi Muam. Her last
name, I have since found out, was Eder, not Schmidt.
Worse than this
misnaming, the list completely omitted two families and erroneously numbered
the members of others, including my own. From former Pernauer, I also
learned that the list contained families that left the country either prior
to deportation or during the rebellion in 1956. My list does not include
those who left of their own volition.

Quite a few people besides Emmerich Koller aided me in the compilation of a
more accurate list: Felix Pehr (left in 1956); Emerich Gratzl, Maria
(Wölfinger) Legath, Margaret (Meltsch) Binder, Kamilla (Steger) Welke,
Theresia (Schmidt) Rotter, and Pauline (Windisch) Mueller (all DPs, i.e.,
"Displaced Persons"). There
are other deportees still living that I wish I could have contacted, but I
was unable to find their current whereabouts.

I forwarded my tentative list to Gizella (Schmalzl) Bogdan, a friend of my
mother, living in Pernau. She prevailed upon the current village notary,
Kovacs Geza, to amend it. The original list provides only the names of the
heads of the families and the number of people in each family. The list he
sent me provides the names of all family members. But it has some of the
same shortcomings as the original list. One family is entirely omitted, as
is my sister (at less than a year old, the youngest person deported), and I
am consigned to another Schmidt family that was childless.

The number of people on the notary's list is 90. The same number appears on
a memorial plaque in Pernau. The total number reported by the village
priest, Gyorgy Illes, in a letter to his bishop two days after our
expulsion, without giving names, is 92. This number must be considered the
most authoritative. My list contains several more names, including two men
that returned to Pernau from a Russian prison camp in 1948, unaware of the
deportation. They joined their families in Germany, and should therefore be
counted. But I am not sure about some of the names, and urge readers to
verify my list. (e-mail: )

A final remark: all the names on my list are given in German. This reflects
their true ethnicity and my lingering antipathy for the nation that deported
me.


5) "BORDER VILLAGES, ETHNIC TWINS"? (by Wilhelm A. Schmidt)


On the topic. "Border villages, ethnic twins" at the end of BB
Newsletter
48A, a correction is in order. The idea that the mentioned villages on
opposite sides of the border are ethnic twins, one mostly German and the
other mostly Hungarian, is a misperception. Before the separation of
Burgenland, all these villages were part of Hungary and had Hungarian names.
Simultaneously, all of them were inhabited by ethnic Germans and had German
names. Other pairs of villages up and down the border could be mentioned.
Curiously, the four that are cited have an interesting relationship to my
birthplace, Pernau/Porno (Pornóapáti since 1899). They belonged to a member
of the Jak family back when, and were bequeathed to the Cistercian monastery
in Pernau in 1233.
With the exception of Deutschschützen, all of them already existed late in
the 12th century. This village, adjoining the monastery on the west, was
inhabited by archers in the employ of the Counts of Güssing. At the time the
monastery was founded, the land belonged to the Jaks, but then reverted back
to the Wildoners. Originally, the archers had settled in a village
immediately to the north of Pernau. After Croatians migrated to that village
around 1548, they founded a new village. To distinguish the two villages, the
old
became Kroatschützen/Horvatövö, and the new one became
Deutschschützen/Nemetlövö. Höll,
southwest of Pernau, was originally part of Oberbildein/Alsobeled, the
village due south of Pernau. Its name is supposedly derived from the
"hel"
in Hettföhelly, meaning "Monday market," which was the name of the
estate that became
Oberbildein. Eberau/Monyorokerek (=Stein am Hazelrund) and
Prostrum (=Gesindeacker)/Szentpertfa, two villages below
Unterbildein/Felsobeled, also were given to the monastery in Pernau, as were
two other properties still further south, the forest of
Moschendorf/Nagysaroslak and the mill at Allerheiligen/Mintszent. (See
750-year Festschrift for Deutschschützen.)

As late as the end of World War II, the inhabitants of all these villages were
largely German speakers. Croatian was spoken only by part of the population
of Kroatschützen and Prostrum. Pernau was still staunchly Hianzisch during
my early childhood. Only the priest, the teacher, the doctor, and the village
notary were Hungarian. Official business was conducted in Hungarian, but
Mass was said in German. Instruction was both in German and Hungarian. I
only learned a few words of conversational Hungarian.

With the exception of Allerheiligen, the "Hungarian" villages in the
above pairs
were initially designated by the Treaty of Trianon to be part of Burgenland.
The reason for keeping them in Hungary differs for each of the remaining
three. Kroatschützen was apparently indifferent about its alliance. The
inhabitants of Pernau wanted to be part of Austria, but Prince Franz of
Bavaria, the owner of the estate (the monastery grounds), persuaded the
border commission to keep it in Hungary. Despite protests in Prostrum, the
Austrian government exchanged this "Croatian" village for a
"German" village elsewhere along the border.
Evidently, the grounds for pairing the villages on opposite sides of the new
border is historic accident, not ethnicity. Between the world wars, commerce
and kinships kept following their centuries' old patterns. It was the iron
curtain that completely altered the situation. All the roads crossing the
border were closed, and Hungary achieved its long desired linguistic
hegemony. Concomitantly, the Hungarian language became obsolete in Burgenland,
and cultural diversity disappeared there as well. Only due to this loss is a
pairing of the villages on opposite sides of the border on linguistic
grounds valid.



END OF NEWSLETTER

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