Mohave County Archive
Native American Genealogy
Mining & Districts
The below article was submitted by Unknown.
"Mohave is purely a mineral region. Its agricultural
resources are confined to a strip of land along the Big Sandy, and to
the valley of the Colorado. There are portions of the county which
afford good grazing, but mining must be its main, and we had almost
said, its only industry. Almost every mountain range within its borders
is seamed with rich veins of gold, silver, and copper. The distance
from supplies, the cost of freight, and the want of proper reduction
works, have hitherto prevented the proper development of Mohave's vast
mineral wealth. The building of the Atlantic and Pacific railroad,
which will pass through the center of the mining region, assures for
this county, so long isolated and neglected, a bright future. The
silver ores of Mohave are mostly sulphurets, carrying native silver,
ruby silver, silver glance, and other rich combinations. Chlorides are
also found, and some rich argentiferous galena. The veins are nearly
all inclosed by well-defined walls. Water and wood are abundant in
nearly every locality. A band of prospectors entered Mohave county in
1858, and explored the mountain ranges near the Sacramento valley. It
was not until 1863, however, that any real work was done; but the
hostility of the Hulpai Indians, who killed many miners in their
shafts, compelled the abandonment of the country. In 1871 and 1872 the
first permanent improvements were made. Since then Mohave county has
struggled against every obstacle and disadvantage which her remote
situation naturally entailed. The lack of reduction works necessitated
the shipping of the ores to San Francisco, at an enormous expense. Ores
that would not go $500 per ton left no profit for the owner. Despite
these drawbacks, the county has steadily advanced; the great richness
of its mines has been proven conclusively, and they only await the
benefits of cheap transportation to become steady bullion-producers.
Hualapai District—This district is situated in the Cerbat range, about 35 miles from the Colorado river. The formation is granite and gneiss. Wood is plentiful, and water in sufficient quantities for milling purposes. The veins are of fair size, and the ore is of high grade. The Lone Star has been worked to a depth of 200 feet, and is opened by over 300 feet of levels. It shows a vein of rich ore over 18 inches in width that assays $150 per ton. The ore is concentrated and shipped to San Francisco. It is a sulphuret, carrying considerable metal. This mine has produced over $60,000. It has steam hoisting-works. The Keystone has a shaft 260 feet, one of 150 feet, and over 400 feet of levels, drifts, winzes, etc. A five-stamp mill, with roaster, has been erected on the property, and also steam hoisting machinery. The mine shows a 2-foot vein of sulphuret ore, that has worked $100 per ton. The property is owned by the New York Mining and Milling Company, and has produced over $100,000. The Fairfield is a 5-foot vein that assays $60 per ton. It has a shaft 185 feet. A tunnel is being pushed to strike the vein, which is now in 1,000 feet. The Stark and Ewing is an extension of the Keystone. It shows a 5-foot vein, and has a shaft 40 feet. The Ithaca has a vein ranging from 1 to 2 feet of chloride ore, assaying $70 per ton. It is opened by 500 feet of shafts, drifts, and tunnels. It has produced about $12,000. The Rattlesnake has a 70-foot shaft and a 75-foot tunnel. It shows 3 feet of chloride ore worth $50 per ton. All these claims are in the immediate vicinity of Mineral Park. About four miles north is the camp of Chloride, which shows rich ores and large veins, among which may be mentioned the following: The Connor, a 3-foot ledge, assaying $100 per ton. It has a shaft 100 feet, carries both gold and silver, and has produced $20,000. It is owned by the Arizona Northern Mining Company. The Empire has a vein of rich sulphurets, and has turned out $10,000. The Schuylkill is a 3-foot vein of carbonate ore, assaying from $50 to $75 per ton. It is opened by two shafts, one 65, and the other 40 feet. The Schenectady has a shaft 80 feet, with a 3-foot vein, running from $50 to $70 per ton. The Valley View is a large vein, running from 8 to 10 feet wide, with an average of $40 per ton. It is opened by three shafts and one tunnel. The San Antonio has a shaft 50 feet; a vein 2½ feet wide of free-milling ore, worth $100 per ton. The Donohue and the Rogers are also fine properties, and have produced about $18,000 each. In Todd's basin, about four miles south of Mineral Park, there is a group of mines which have considerable work done upon them. The most prominent are the Todd, a 4-foot vein of sulphuret ore, going about $60 per ton. The Oro Plata has a tunnel 100 feet, and several drifts and shafts. It has a 4-foot vein of free-milling ore, that goes over $50 per ton. It has produced $30,000. The Mariposa shows 18 inches of chloride ore, worth $150 per ton. It has two shafts, 40 and 30 feet, and has yielded $10,000. The Paymaster is a vein 3½ feet wide, assaying $60 per ton. A shaft has been sunk 50 feet. The mine has yielded $15,000. The Silver has a shaft 35 feet, and a body of ore 3 feet wide that averages $80 per ton.
Cerbat is about seven miles south of Mineral Park, in the mountain range of the same name. The country formation is granite. Wood is abundant, and water in quantities sufficient for ore reduction. The ores are generally of a high grade, but most of them carry sulphurets and require roasting before being milled. The Cerbat claim has a 4-foot vein that assays $100 per ton.
The ore is a sulphuret, carrying horn silver. It is opened by a shaft of 120 feet, and by two drifts, 80 and 65 feet. The ore carries gold and silver. A complete five-stamp mill with a roaster attached, has lately been erected. The mine has produced $25,000 from steam arrastras. The property is owned by the Arizona Northern Mining Company. The Fontenoy shows a vein 2½ feet wide that assays $125 per ton. The ore is a chloride of silver, and the mine has already yielded over $30,000. It is opened by two shafts, 110 and 75 feet, respectively, and a tunnel 65 feet. The Seventy-eight, formerly known as the Sixty-three, carries a vein of chlorides from 1 to 3 feet wide. Ore from this mine, shipped to San Francisco, has yielded, on an average, $350 per ton. The mine has produced in the neighborhood of $300,000. The claim is opened by 300 feet of shafts and 700 feet of tunnels. The Silver shows a vein from 2 to 4 feet wide, that assays $80 per ton. It has a shaft 80 feet and 50 feet of tunnels. The Flagstaff is opened by two shafts, one of 150 feet, and another of 100 feet. It has a vein 3½ feet wide that averages, by assay, $70 per ton. The Gold Bar has a 3-foot vein of gold quartz and a shaft 200 feet deep. Ores from this mine have been worked by arrastra process with satisfactory results. The Black and Tan is opened by a tunnel 250 feet in length, and a shaft 75 feet. It shows 2 feet of ore that assays about $100 per ton, and has yielded $20,000. The Flores has a vein of free-milling ore 3 feet wide, working $50 in gold, and $20 in silver. It is opened by a shaft 95 feet deep and a tunnel 200 feet in length. It has produced nearly $35,000, the ore being worked in arrastras. The Vanderbilt has one shaft 90 feet and another 50 feet. It carries gold and silver. The vein is about 2 feet wide, and the ore assays $70 per ton. The Tulare has 4 feet of ore that assays $50 per ton. It is opened by a shaft 110 feet, and has produced over $10,000 in gold and silver. The Bay State is a carbonate ore. Its vein is 4 feet, assaying $40 per ton. It has 3 shafts, 90, 80, and 30 feet. The New London shows 3 feet of galena ore, worth $50 per ton. Its deepest shaft is 95 feet, and it has produced $9,000 in silver. There are many other claims in the Cerbat camp showing good ore and large veins. Nearly all the bullion produced has been taken from ore shipped to San Francisco by poor mine-owners, who have made their claims pay against every disadvantage.
Stockton Camp is situated on the eastern slope of the Cerbat range, about six miles south-east from Mineral Park. It has a delightful situation, fronting on the Hualapai valley, and is only eight miles from the surveyed line of the Atlantic and Pacific railroad. The formation is granite; wood and water are found in abundance. The camp has been self-sustaining, having received no aid from outside capital. The Cupel has produced about $150,000. It is a 2-foot vein, and has worked $100 per ton. It is opened by 500 feet of shafts and drifts. The ore is a sulphuret of silver. The Prince George shows a 3-foot vein that assays $80 per ton. It has 100 feet of shafts and has produced $12,000. The IXL has two shafts, 110 and 80 feet. The width of the vein is 3½ feet, which assays $80 per ton. The Infallible is a strong vein 4 feet wide, with ore that averages by assay $70 per ton. It is opened by five shafts and 100 feet of drifts. It carries gold and silver, and has produced over $5,000. The Tigress has 18 inches of rich galena ore, worth $150 per ton. It is opened by several shafts and drifts, and has yielded $25,000. The Little Chief is a small but exceedingly rich vein. It has nearly 200 feet of shafts and other openings. The ore shipped has gone from $400 to $1,200 per ton. The total yield has been about $50,000. The Cincinnati, Bullion, Silver Monster, Fountain Head, Miner's Hope, and many others, are very encouraging prospects, with every indication of developing into paying properties.
Maynard District—This district is in the Hualapai mountains, twenty-eight miles east of Mineral Park. It is the finest wooded portion of Mohave, and is producing some very rich ore. The Atlantic and Pacific railroad will pass within ten miles of the mines. The American Flag is the leading mine of the district. It is a 2-foot vein of sulphuret ore, giving an average assay of $100 per ton. It is thoroughly opened by 2,000 feet of shafts and drifts. Some of the richest ore ever taken out in the Territory has come from this claim. It has produced $70,000, the ore being shipped to San Francisco. A mill will shortly be erected. The Antelope shows a 4-foot vein of fine sulphuret ore. It is opened by 400 feet of shafts and drifts. The mine has produced $15,000. The Dean has a large vein, nearly 6 feet in width. It has a shaft 180 feet, and 600 feet of tunnels. The ore is a sulphuret and of a high grade. The Mariposa is opened by 700 feet of shafts and drifts. It carries good ore and has yielded nearly $8,000.
Cedar Valley District is about sixty miles east of the Colorado river at Aubrey Landing, and about sixty miles south of Mineral Park. Wood is abundant, and water for ore reduction can be had at the Sandy, fifteen miles distant. The veins are well defined, in walls of granite. The ore is a sulphuret of silver. The Arnold shows a vein 18 inches wide, that assays $100 per ton. It has a shaft 60 feet, and a tunnel 130 feet. It is owned by the Arnold Mining Company, and has produced $20,000, gold and silver. The Silver Queen has a shaft 130 feet, and over 200 feet of tunnels and cross-cuts. Its vein is 3 feet, assaying $60 per ton. A 5-stamp mill and roaster have been erected on the property by the Hampden Mining Company. The Hibernia is a strong vein, 4 feet wide, with an average of $60 per ton. It has a shaft 100 feet. The Hope is a large vein and has some very rich ore. It is estimated that it has yielded $20,000. The Bunker Hill is a 2-foot vein, and the Congress is a vein of the same size, both carrying good ore. These are only a few of the mines of Cedar Valley. There are scores of others, well worthy of inspection.
Hackberry District—This camp is about 30 miles east of Mineral Park, in the Peacock range. The formation is a granite and porphyry. The camp was at one time the most prosperous in Mohave, but the stoppage of the Hackberry mine has caused it to become almost deserted. It is expected that with the advance of the Atlantic and Pacific railroad, which will pass within three miles of the mines, operations will again be resumed. The Hackberry vein is about 40 feet in width. About 18 inches of this vein carries rich silver ore, which gives an average, by working process, of $200 per ton. There is one shaft of 400 feet, another of 270, and one of 180 feet. The mine is opened by levels, drifts, and cross-cuts. It is estimated that the total yield of bullion has been over $300,000. A fine 10-stamp mill and roaster have been erected on the property. The mine is owned by the Hackberry Milling and Mining Company. The Descent is a small vein of rich ore, which has produced nearly $30,000. It has two shafts, one of 90, and one of 100 feet. The Hester is an extension of the Hackberry. It has two shafts, 100 and 60 feet each. It has produced about $10,000. The Hackberry South is a 4-foot vein, assaying $50 per ton. It is opened by several shafts, and has yielded $15,000.
San Francisco District is situated nine miles east of Hardyville on the Colorado river, in the Union Pass range. It was discovered in 1863, and work has been carried on there at intervals ever since. The Moss is the leading mine of the district. It is an immense gold ledge, nearly 40 feet in width, and will average $12 per ton, from wall to wall. The mine has been worked extensively in years past, and has produced some of the richest gold rock ever taken out in the Territory. It has one tunnel 290 feet, one shaft 240 feet, one shaft 98, and 1,700 feet of levels, drifts, etc. The mine has produced nearly $130,000. Its proximity to the river makes this a valuable property for those who have the requisite capital to work it properly. The San Francisco Moss is an extension of the Moss. It is a vein 40 feet in width, carrying ore that averages all the way across, $6 per ton. There are many portions of the ledge that go much higher. It has 300 feet of shafts, drifts, and tunnels. The West Extension is an 18-foot ledge of gold quartz, with a 60-foot shaft.
Gold Basin District has just been organized, and is situated thirty-five miles north from Mineral Park, in the Cerbat range. The ledges are large gold-bearing quartz dikes. The El Dorado has a vein from 2 to 4 feet wide, that assays $40 per ton. The Northern Belle shows 2 feet that will assay $25 per ton. The Golden Rule is a vein about one foot wide, assaying $70 per ton. The Poorman has a foot of ore worth $60 per ton. The Indian Boy, Harmonica, O K, Antelope, Buckskin, and Banker, are all very fine-looking prospects, assaying from $15 to $100 per ton, in gold.
Owens District is in the southern portion of Mohave, near the line of Yuma. The formation of the country rock is granite and porphyry. Abundance of water is found in the Sandy, which flows through the district. The camp was established in the fall of 1874, and has been the most productive portion of Mohave county. The fame of the McCracken has extended all over the coast. The heavy cost of supplies of all kinds has caused the temporary stoppage of work on this property, but with the advent of the Atlantic and Pacific railroad, which will pass within forty miles of the mines, work will no doubt be resumed. The Alta and the Senator are the leading mines of the district. They are on the great McCracken lode, which cuts across the country for miles. They show veins of free-milling ore, from 6 to 37 feet in width, which have worked $35 per ton. Over $200,000 has been expended in work and in improvements, and more than $800,000 in silver has been taken out. They are owned by the McCracken Consolidated Mining Company. Two mills have been erected, one of 20 stamps and one of 10 stamps. The ores of this great fissure are mainly chlorides, bromides, sulphides of silver, with some galena. Over 24,000 tons of ore have been extracted and worked. The mines are opened by a shaft 367 feet deep, sunk on the line between them, and by five adit levels run on the vein. In size of vein and free character of its ores, the McCracken has few equals in the Territory. The San Francisco and the Atlanta are north of the Senator and Alta, on the same vein. They are owned by the Peabody Mining Company, and have produced nearly $200,000. They show about 30 feet of chloride ore, with some galena that has averaged $30 per ton. The San Francisco has a shaft 300 feet, and over 300 feet of tunnels and drifts. The shaft of the Atlanta is down 150 feet. It has also a tunnel 200 feet in length. Work is carried on steadily. The Centennial and the Potts mine are about four miles south of the Senator, on the same vein, have had considerable work done on them, and show large ore bodies.
Greenwood District adjoins Owens district on the east. Its principal mine is the Burro, situated on a creek of the same name. It is one of the largest veins in the Territory. It shows 35 feet of ore going from $8 to $300 per ton. A shaft has been sunk 250 feet, and several cross-cuts made on the claim. It carries gold and silver, and has abundance of wood and water close at hand".
Mohave County Coordinator - Clarissa Loyd
AZGenWeb State Coordinator - Gail Kilgore
AZGenWeb Assistant State Coordinator - Colleen Pustola
AZGenWeb-Mohave County, Arizona: In keeping with our policy of providing free information on the Internet, data may be used by non-commercial researchers, as long as this message remains on all copied material. These electronic pages many not be reproduced in any format for profit, nor by presentation in any form by any other organization or individual. Persons or organizations desiring to use this material for purposes other than stated above, must obtain express written permission from the author, or the submitter and from the listed Mohave County Coordinator.
© 2004 - Present. Clarissa Loyd, Contributors & The AZGenWeb Project. All Rights Reserved.