Ships of Bermuda - 1700-1749


Between 1685 and 1700, the number of Bermudian vessels grew from a mere few to a fleet of 70. These consisted primarily of sloops. (reference: Jarvis, M. 1999. Searfaring Slaves & Maritime Culture in Bermuda, 1680-1783. Univ of VA/Omohundro Institute.)

In the 1730's, Virginia's tidewater plantations increased direct trade in grain with Bermuda and the West Indies, in response to their demand.  These cargoes were carried in Bermuda-model sloops. Much of the exported grain was carried to Bermuda in Bermuda-built sloops. Between 3 Sep and 31 Dec 1737, 38 sloops entered or cleared Norfolk, and of this total, 25 were registered in Bermuda. (Tidewater Triumph by George Footner, Chap 2).

The Bermuda sloop's hull, with significant deadrise, combined with low freeboard, less superstructure and lighter spars that the contemporary craft, increased its speed and stability. Strong, light cedar found in abundance in Bermuda, and used for framing as well as planking, reduced vessel weight, and the common sail plan, with raked mast and square topsails, made Bermuda sloops good sailors with speed under fair conditions. (Tidewater Triumph by George Footner, Chap 2).

Wars with France, King George's War (1744-1748), and the Seven Years War (ending 1763) resulted in heavy losses to the Bermuda fleet. It was virtually destroyed by 1763. (Tidewater Triumph by George Footner, Chap 2).


Mary
The "Mary", a sloop named in the will (c1698) and estate (c1703) of Moses Knapton (see his inventory).

HMS Lincoln
The first 50 full time soldiers arrived in Bermuda with Governor Benjamin Bennett, who had commanded a company in Ireland. They were aboard HMS Lincoln, in May 1701. They were detached from the 2nd Foot over protests of General William Selwyn who had clothed them in England. They were headed by Captain Lancelot Sandys, with Lieutenant Robert Henly and had 2 sergeants, 2 corporals, 1 drummer and 50 privates.

Samuel
The sloop "Samuel", Captain Moore Darrell recorded in Philadelphia in 1702, in New York in 1704, and Curacao. (Dorrill Society notes www.dorrill.com )

Margaret
12-15 March 1707/8: proceedings of the Admiralty Court, Bermuda against sloop "Margaret", condemned for illegal transportation of tobacco from Virginia. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, CO 37/28, Bermuda Original Correspondence, Sec of State, ff 107-112)

John
Virginia Colonial Records Project: page 416-420.  Letter from Lt Gov Bennett to Board of Trade. Bermuda, 12 June 1708. Pg 418 describes shipwreck in Feb of London merchantman "John", bound for Virginia.

Lyon
Virginia Colonial Records Project: Letter from Lt Gov Bennett to Board of Trade. Bermuda, 12 June 1708. Pg 419 describes arrival in distress in March of Bristol merchantman "Lyon" bound for Virginia. Pg 420 refers to condemnation of small sloop from Virginia for illegally carrying tobacco.

Rose
The "Rose", James Anguish master, Captain Joell part owner, having loaded corn in VA, was accosted off the Virginia Capes and directed to go to NY. Captain Joell directed the "Rose" to Bermuda instead. 1707 Joell tried and acquitted for illegally trading.
Virginia Colonial Records Project: page 338 - 361.  Letter from Lt Gov Bennett to Board of Trade. Bermuda, 10 Feb 1707/8. Pg 338 refers to delay of the Virginia fleet. Pg 341 describes salt trade between Bahamas and Virginia. Pg 388 encloses proceedings relating to seizure for illegal trade of sloop "Rose", bound from Virginia to Bermuda. (This document is not in this volume, but in C O 37/8 ff 136r-154r). page 387-392. Letter from the Board of Trade to Lt Gov Bennett. Bermuda 25 June 1708. Have not received letter sent previous September by way of Virginia. Pg 389-90 case of the sloop "Rose" seized off Virginia now before the Royal Highness, but Board considers that the case should have been dealt with a Court of Admirlaty

Elizabeth
"Captain Crapo or Crapeau, a French privateersman preyed upon the commerce of the Southern New England coast in 1706 and then returned in 1708 to insult Rhode Island doubly by sailing in the Rhode Island built vessel "Elizabeth" now converted into a French privateer and a terror to merchant vessels all the way from Virginia to Cape Cod. Capt Crapo, from Martinique, after capturing four prizes, sprung his boom, chasing Capt Francis Jones within a league of Sandy's Hook in 1708. ( Privateer Ships & Sailors 1625-1725 by Howard M Chapin p 192; New Jersey Colonial Documents Series 1.11 pg 27)

Anne
The sloop "Anne" appears on the 1708-1709 list of passengers and seamen. Crew was master, Christopher Lusher, his son,, his slave James, and Thomas Watson.  (reference: Jarvis, M. 1999. Searfaring Slaves & Maritime Culture in Bermuda, 1680-1783. Univ of VA/Omohundro Institute.)

Samuel
The sloop "Samuel" appears on the 1708-1709 list of passengers and seamen. Crew was master,  Daniel Gibbs, his 3 sons John, Nathaniel, and Joseph; and Davy the slave of the vessel's owner. (reference: Jarvis, M. 1999. Searfaring Slaves & Maritime Culture in Bermuda, 1680-1783. Univ of VA/Omohundro Institute.)

Woolidge
The sloop "Woolidge" appears on the 1708-1709 list of passengers and seamen. Crew was master,  William Sr, 3 sons William Jr, Richard, & Jeremiah Leacraft; and Stephen and Hugh Painter (brothers).  (reference: Jarvis, M. 1999. Searfaring Slaves & Maritime Culture in Bermuda, 1680-1783. Univ of VA/Omohundro Institute.)

Advice
Thomas Burch's  sloop "Advice" appears on the 1708-1709 list of passengers and seamen. Crew were Captain Josiah Forster and his slave Robin, Nathaniel Merritt and his slave Ben, and sailor Joseph Ward.  (reference: Jarvis, M. 1999. Searfaring Slaves & Maritime Culture in Bermuda, 1680-1783. Univ of VA/Omohundro Institute.)

Joseph and Benjamin
The sloop "Joseph and Benjamin" appears on the 1708-1709 list of passengers and seamen. Mary Keele sent her son John and her slave Tony aboard the sloop bound for the Turks Islands.  (reference: Jarvis, M. 1999. Searfaring Slaves & Maritime Culture in Bermuda, 1680-1783. Univ of VA/Omohundro Institute.)

Tryal
William Pitt of Pembroke died of smallpox at sea, en route from New York to Bermuda on board the sloop "Tryal "on Oct 16 1709 (his will recorded in Bermuda, dated Oct 15 1709).

Isabella
21 Sep 1710, proceedings of the Admiralty Court, Bermuda against sloop "Isabella" of Virginia, condemned for illegal importation of tobacco from Virginia. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, CO 37/28, Bermuda Original Correspondence, Sec of State, ff 134-140)

Society
27 Nov 1710.  Orders to Captain of the first of HM ships which shall come to Milford bound for the Channel. The "Society", Joseph Veasey master, now at Milford, having come from Virginia. To convoy her to Plymouth. (Virginia Colonial Records, Survey Report No 7376; pg 2, pg 478).

Industry
1710 - 1718, the "Industry",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Jno Smith, brought 2 black slavesfrom Providence toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Love
1710 - 1718, the "Love",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Samuel Saltus, brought 1 Bermuda black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Elizabeth
1710 - 1718, the "Elizabeth",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Thos Bell, brought 2 Barbados black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Dragon
1710 - 1718, the "Dragon",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Thoms Eve, brought 1 Bermuda black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

May Flower
1710 - 1718, the "May Flower",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Dorrell, brought 3 Barbados black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Content
1710 - 1718, the "Content",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Jno Argent, brought black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Devonshire
The "Devonshire", a Bermuda sloop 1720.

Wall
1716, the "Wall",a Bermudian-registered vessell, owners John Trott and Tobias Wall of Nevis, brought 6 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Seaflower
1718, the "Seaflower",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners S Hawkes and Wm Stone, brought 2 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Diamond
"In May 1718 Nathaniel Catling came ashore in Bermuda and went to see Governor Bennett. He told the Governor that he was one of the crew of the Bermuda sloop "Diamond". On April 14 they were sailing off Rum Key in the Bahamas when they were intercepted by the pirate ship "Ranger" commanded by Captain Vane. The pirates beat up the captain and all the crew of the "Diamond", and looted the vessel of a black man and 300 pieces of eight. Nathaniel Catling was singled and hanged by the neck until they thought he was dead. When they let him down on the deck, he was seen to revive, whereupon one of the pirates hacked him across the collarbone with his cutlass and would have continued until he had murdered him had not one of the other pirates persuaded him it "was too great a cruelty". The pirates' final act was to set fire to the "Diamond". 5 days after Catling made his report, Edward North, the commander of the Bermuda sloop "William and Martha", came to see Governor Bennett with a similar story. He said that his ship had been attacked by Vane off Rum Key within 3 hours of the attack on the "Diamond". The pirates had boarded his vessel, violently beaten him and his crew, then dragged one of the seamen to the bows, bound him hand and foot, and tied him to the bowsprit. As he lay there helpless on his back, the pirates put burning matches to his eyes and the muzzle of a loaded pistol in his mouth, thereby to oblige him to confess what money was on board. In this instance they did not set fire to the ship, but Captain North reported that while they were on baord, the pirates were continually cursing the King and the higher powers, and swearing damnation on the Governor." (Under the Flag, David Cordingly, 1995, p128-129)

Rubie
1719, the "Rubie",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners P Paynter and J Burch, brought 4 Antiguan slaves into the port of New York. Again in 1725, took 11 Jamaica slaves into New York (owners T Leacraft, J Burch, P Paynter, and P Burrows. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Success
1721, the "Success",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners S and P Spofforth, brought 1 Bermuda slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Overplus
1721, the "Overplus",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners S, W, & H Tucker, brought 1 St Eustatius slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Eliza
1722, the "Eliza",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners J Peniston, J Williams, Eliza Walker, and E Woolrich, brought 1 Jamaican slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Prudence
1723, the "Prudence",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners F & J Burrows, Rachel Seymour and J Conyers, brought 8 Jamaican/Bermudian slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Elizabeth and Anne
1723, the "Elizabeth & Anne",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners P Mallory, J Foster, J Gibbs, and J Jennings, brought 1 slave from the Turk's Islands/Bermuda into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Benjamin
1723, the "Benjamin",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners B Hinson, brought 5 Jamaica slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Henry
1724, the "Henry",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners E Clark, J Trimingham, N Butterfield Sr & Jr, and J Butterfield, brought 1 Bermuda slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

St Andrew
1724, the "St Andrew",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners R Dinwiddie, brought 2 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Eliza and Martha
1724, the "Eliza and Martha",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners J Gibbs Jrt and C Hinson, brought 1 Barbados slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Thomas and Mary
1725, the "Thomas & Mary",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners T Gilbert Jr and Sr, brought 1 Bermuda slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Glassco
1725, the "Glassco",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners W Orem, brought 2 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

William
1725, the "William" was seized by Robert Dinwiddie, Bermuda  Collector of Customs, for smuggling and for having a substantially black crew (3 of 4 crew members). She was acquitted from seizure. Master of the William was Solomon Frith. He successfully smuggled a hogshead of Virginia tobacco by discharging his white crew at Turks Islands and taking a slave crew on to VA. By law, slaves could not testify and therefore he could not be found guilty of smuggling for lack of witnesses. (reference: Jarvis, M. 1999. Searfaring Slaves & Maritime Culture in Bermuda, 1680-1783. Univ of VA/Omohundro Institute.)

Sincerity
1726, the "Sincerity",a Bermudian-registered vessell, owners G & T Smith, brought 1 Barbados slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Mary and Ellinor
1726, the "Mary & Ellinor",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners S Spofforth, T Harrison, and T Withers, brought 2 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p279)

Speedwell
1726, the "Speedwell",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners E Styles, W Mallory and R & Angelina Hunt, brought 1 Barbados slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Sarah and Elizabeth
1726, the "Sarah & Elizabeth",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners M & E Burrows, and J Wells, brought 1 Bermuda slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Bruce Hope
1726, the "Bruce Hope",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners T Handy and R Dinwiddie, brought 1 Bermuda woman slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Dolphin
1727, the "Dolphin",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners J Jones, H Corbusier, and J Maydman, brought 2 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Blessing
1727, the "Blessing",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners E Gilbert and J Janny, brought 3 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Resolution
1727, the "Resolution",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Daniel Gibbs, brought 1 Turks Is. black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

William
HM Council 4 Sep 1727: "This day Lt Coll. Willm. Outerbridge was suspended from sitting at this Board until his Majties most gracious pleasure be further known; He, the said Outerbridge having violated his oath and contemn'd the law by having willfully decreed an undecisive sentence at a Court of Admiralty by him as Chief Judge, and Major Henry Tucker Decd Assistant Judge held at St Georges the 19th day of July 1725, in the case of a vessel libell'd & call'd the Sloop William; Vid records of Admiralty Fol. p77 as also, that the said Willm. Outerbridge, has after having been duly summon'd to attend the Council wilfully absented himself; and after admonition given, has therein persisted; Vide Council Records."

Old Soldier
1728, the "Old Soldier",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners W Mitchell, H Corbusier, and Wm Mitchell, brought 3 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Susanah
1728, the "Susanah",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners P Burrows, P Paynter, and S Burrows, brought 1 and 4 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York (separate voyages). (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Three Brothers
Three Brothers, brigantine of 41 tons, built 1728; master Benjamin Kinstead, onwer Nathanl Tartrum ( Tatem ?) and James Hutchings of Virginia (f187). (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class CO5/1225, shipping returns New York 1731-1738)

Little Marys
1729, the "Little Mary",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners J Jennings and D Stiles, brought 1 Bermuda slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Unity
1729, the "Unity",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners S Paynter, P Paynter Jr & Sr and J Evans, brought 2 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. Brought 1 Curacao and Bermuda slave 1731; owners S Paynter, P Paynter Jr & Sr, and J Evans. Again brought 2 Barbados slaves in 1738 (owners P Paynter Jr & Sr, Ruth Evans). Brought 1 slave from madeira to NY 1738 (owners P Paynter Jr & Sr, Ruth Evans). (Bernhard, 1999, p280-281)

Friendship
1729, the "Friendship", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners T & J Hunt and W Burrows, brought 2 Barbados slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Content
1729, the "Content", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners J Harvey, R White, J Catling, and N Bascomb, brought 7 Barbados slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Sarah
1729, the "Sarah", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners F Seymour, T Forster, J Appleby, and Martha Forster, brought 7 Barbados slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Olive Branch
Saturday, April 9th, 1730, The Pennsylvania Gazette - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Customs House, Philadelphia : Olive Branch, David Burch, West Indies

St Andrew
Saturday, July 30th, 1730, The Pennsylvania Gazette - Chester County, Pennsylvania
Custom House, Philadelphia: St. Andrew, Jonathan Dunscomb, Bermuda.

Lancashere Witch
Tuesday, August 13th, 1730, The Pennsylvania Gazette - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Custom House, Philadelphia:  Lancashere Witch, Samuel Spufforth, Bermuda;

Exchange
1730, the "Exchange", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners J Gibbs Jr & Sr, E Gilbert and P Mallory, brought 3 Antigua slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Lancashire
1730, the "Lancashire", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners Wm Mitchell and S & R Spofforth, brought 5 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Rose
1730, the "Rose", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners N Butterfield, B Butterfield and F Jones, brought 1 Jamaica slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Mary
1731, the "Mary", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners S Spofforth, J Woodley of Nevis brought 3 Nevis slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p280)

Lowry
The "Lowry" built in 1732 in Virginia, 26 tons, and registered there, but no indication is given as to the residence of the owner, John Butterfield (f198). (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class CO5/1225, shipping returns New York 1731-1738)

Charming Joanna
1732, the "Charming Joanna",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners W Seymour Sr, F Seymour brought 8 Barbados slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Neptune
1732, the "Neptune", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners H Corbusier, W Mitchell, J Jones brought 2 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Heron and Dolphin
1733, the "Heron & Dolphin", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners A Heron, W Mitchell, S Judkins, B Wright brought 1 slave from Antigua/Bermuda into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Riddle
1733, the "Riddle",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners G Seacraft, W Riddle, W Albuoy brought 1 slave of Bonaire/Curacao into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

St Andrews
1733, the "St Andrew",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners W Riddle, W Keel brought 2 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Happy
1733, the "Happy",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners J, T, & K Hunt; E Burrows; D Hinson brought 1 slave from Antigua into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Warwick
1734, the "Warwick",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners J Darrell Jr, M Darrell, Wm Riddle brought 1 slave from St Lucia into the port of New York. The "Warwick", again in 1734 (master John Darrell) brought 18 Barbados slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p281, 283)

Mary
1734, the "Mary",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Peter Pruden, brought 1 Barbados black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Mary & Ann
25 Jun 1734, sloop "Mary & Ann" of Bermuda, master Samuel Trott, entered inwards at Charlestown. Came from Virginia with cargo of corn and peas. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO class CO 5/509, SC: Shippings Returns, pg 2)

Ann
1735, the "Ann",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Francis Jones and Co, brought 10 Bermuda black slaves toVirginia. Again in 1736, brought 3 Bermuda slaves to VA. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Henry
1735, the "Henry",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Edw Todd, brought 23 Bermuda black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Sarah & Ann
1735, the "Sarah & Ann",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Thos Joell, brought 3 Antigua black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Olive Branch
1736, the "Olive Branch",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners R Durham; J, T, & K Hunt; W Burrows brought 3 slaves from Curacao into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Neptune
1736, the "Neptune",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Harvey, brought 1 Bermuda black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Saunders
1736, the "Saunders", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Sears, brought 4 Bermuda black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283).  The "
Saunders", schooner of 25 tons, built 1736, master Saml. Wentworth, owners Jno Sears and Jno Saunders of Virginia (f208). (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class CO5/1225, shipping returns New York 1731-1738)

Reb'a & Batchelor
1736, the "Reb'a & Batchelor",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owner Jno Robinson, brought 1 Bermuda black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Bermuda Merchant
1736, the "Bermuda Merchant",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Giles Corbusier, brought 6 St Christopher black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283)

Increase
1736, the "Increase",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Will. Riddell & Co, brought 1 Barbados black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p283) . 17 Nov 1738 the sloop "Increase" of Bermuda, master William Darrell cleared outwards from Charleston bound for Virginia with mixed cargo. (Virginia Colonial Records, Survey Report 2067, f. 32r., pg 2)

Samuel
1736, 5 Nov: Sloop Samuel of Bermuda, Capt Israel Brownlow, entering the port of Lower District of James River, VA (shipping register).

Elizabeth & Mary
1736, 2 Dec: sloop Elizabeth & Mary of Bermuda, Capt Anth. Spencer entering the port of Lower District of James River, VA (shipping records).

Experience
1736,
3-10 Dec: sloop Experience of Bermuda, Capt Francis Cooper from Curacao, entering port of Lower District of James River, VA (shipping returns).

Samuel
1736, 18 Dec: Sloop Samuel of Bermuda, Capt Israel Brownlow, clearing the port of Lower District of James River, VA (shipping register).

Mary & Elizabeth
1737, the "Mary & Elizabeth",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Nathaniel Bascomb, brought 4 Bermuda black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Elizabeth
1737, the "Elizabeth",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Francis Jones, brought 2 Bermuda black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Ann
1737, the "Ann",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Jas Dickinson & Co, brought 4 Bermuda black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Pembrooke
1737, the "Pembrooke",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Joseph Stowe, brought 1 Bermuda black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Frances
1738, the "Frances",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Nathaniel Butterfield, brought 1 Bermuda black slave toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Ann
1738, the "Ann",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Sam Barrons (?Burrows), brought 3 Bermuda black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Ruby
1738, the "Ruby",a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Richd Leycraft, brought 5 Bermuda black slaves toVirginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Industry
1738, the "Industry",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners H & S Outerbridger brought 4 slaves from Antigua into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Delight
1738, the "Delight",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners S Burrows, J Henry, T Gilbert, T Jenour, P Trimingham brought 1 slave from Jamaica into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Blessing
1738, the "Blessing",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners J Wells, R Mathelin, Mary Bassett brought 3 slaves from Jamaica into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Frances
1738, the "Frances",a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners B Stiles, Mary Stiles, G Gibbs brought 1 Bermuda slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Pearl
21 Dec 1738 the sloop "Pearl" of Bermuda, master Jonathan Catling cleared outwards from Charleston bound for Virginia with mixed cargo. (Virginia Colonial Records, Survey Report 2067, f. 32r., pg 2)

Rebecca and Bachelor
Endeavour
Elizabeth
Frances
Betty of Virginia
Ann
Frances
Pearl
Mary
Neptune
Ruby
Joseph & John
Dove
Increase
<William
Warwick

Frances & Molly
Mary & Elizabeth
Betty
Rose
Dragon
Bredah
Shipping lists 1738-1739: Vessesl cleared outward from Bermuda Jul - Sep 1738 include Rececca and Bachelor, Endeavour, Elizabeth, Frances- all bound for Virginia. Vessels entered inwards at Bermuda, Dec 1738 - Mar 1739. Includes Betty of Virginia, Ann, Frances, Ann, Pearl, Mary, Neptune, Mary, Ruby, Joseph & John, Dive, Increase, William, Warwick- all arrived from Virginia. Vessels entered inwards at Bermuda, Sep 1738 - Dec 1738 include Frances & Molly of Virginia. Vessels entered inwards at Bermuda, Jul - Sep 1738 include Mary & Elizabeth, Joseph & John, Increase arrived from Virginia. Vessesl cleared outward from Bermuda Dec 1738 - Mar 1739 include Mary, Betty, Rose, all bound for Virginia. Vessesl cleared outward from Bermuda Sep - Dec 1738 include Ann, Dragon, Dove, Bredah, Neptune, Frances, Warwick, Pearl- bound for Virginia. Also the Dove, part-owned by George Brent of Virginia. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, SR3171, PRO, class 37/29, Bermuda- Original Correspondence, Secretary of State, folio 143-165).

Black Joke (sic)
Frances
Elizabeth
Most Friendly Society
Ann
Dove
Joseph
Diamond
Paradox
Mary
Rebecca
Charity
Rose
Sea Nymph
Trial
Increase
Bredah/Breda
Little Betty
Martha & Mary
Joseph & John
Ruby
Warwick
Dragon
Jean
Shipping lists 1739-1740: Vessels cleared outward from Bermuda Sep - Dec 1740 include Black Joke, Frances, Elizabeth, Most Friendly Society, Ann, Dove, Joseph, Diamond, Ann - bound for Virginia.  Vessels cleared outward from Bermuda Jun - Sep 1740 include Paradox bound for Virginia. Vessels cleared outward from Bermuda Mar - Jun 1740 include Mary, Rebecca, Dove, Mary - bound for Virginia. Vessels cleared outward from Bermuda Dec 1739 - Mar 1740 include Mary, Charity, Ann, Rose, Mary, Sea Nymph- bound for Virginia. Vessels cleared outward from Bermuda Sep - Dec 1739 include Rose, Ann, Neptune, Elizabeth, Mary, Mary, Increase, Trial, Bredah, Paradox, Dove- bound for Virginia. Vessels cleared outward from Bermuda Jun - Sep 1739 include Mary bound for Virginia. Vessels cleared outward from Bermuda Mar - Jun 1739 include Elizabeth, Neptune, Pearl, Breda, Mary, Little Betty, Black joke, Martha & Mary- bound for Virginia. Vessels entered inwards at Bermuda Jun - Sep 1740 include Mary, Joseph & John, Ruby, Ann, arrived from Virginia. Vessels entered inwards at Bermuda Mar - Jun 1740 include Warwick, Breda, Frances, Dragon, Jean, Charity, Mary, Paradox, arrived from Virginia. Vessels entered inwards at Bermuda Dec 1739 - Mar 1740 include Ann, Ann, Mary, Elizabeth, Rose, Joseph & John, Neptune, Mary, Dove, arrived from Virginia. Vessels entered inwards at Bermuda Sep - Dec 1739 include Mary arrived from Virginia. Vessels entered inwards at Bermuda Jun - Sep 1739 include Rose, Ann, Frances, Neptune, Joseph & John, Breda- arrived from Virginia.  (Virginia Colonial Records Project, SR3171, PRO, class 37/29, Bermuda- Original Correspondence, Secretary of State, folio 209-243).

Hopewell
1739, the "Hopewell", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners E Young, J Tucker, P Mallory brought 1 Turk's Islands slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Martha & Mary
1739, the "Martha & Mary", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Nich Hinson, brought 11 Barbados black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Eagle
1739, the "Eagle", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Will Riddle, brought 15 Antigua black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284). Council meeting 30 Sep 1739, record of examination of Capt. John Hombas commander of a sloop belonging to Cape Brittone, "taken and brought on shore by Capt. Richardd Jennings, commander of the sloop "Eagle" belonging to these Islands, a privateer fitted out here pursuing and attacking her believing her to be an enemy..." (Bermuda Hist Quarterly Vol 19, no 1, 1962)." Capt. John Hombas Commander of the sloop belonging to Cape Brittone a French settlement who had been hovering off and on in the North American Islands for some time and afterwards taken and brought on shore by Capt. Richd. Jennings, Commander of the sloop "Eagle" belonging to these islands, a Privateer fitted out here pursuing and attacking her believing her to be the enemy, it was thought proper that he should be examined by his Excellency and the other members of Councill above named to examine him as follows vizt...It being proposed to the said Captain that as his vessell is very far to the leeward of the land and probably may not gett up soon whether on what reward would give to any person that should fill him water necessary and carry it in a sloop with him and his two men out to his sloop. He answered he would give them empty casks for their full one and a hogshead of rum for which his Excellency and said Councillors did agree with Capt. Richard Jennings, Commander of the sloop "Eagle" to fill and carry off the said sloop such water tomorrow. (Minutes of HM Council 1739).

Mary
1739, the "Mary", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Francis Jones, brought 7 Bermuda black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Mary
1739, the "Mary", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Israel Brownlow, brought 8 Bermuda black slaves to Virginia. Again in 1740 brought 1 Bermuda slave to VA. (Bernhard, 1999, p284). Jan 27 1739/40 "Mary", Israel Brownlow master, a sloop of 30 tons, 0 guns, and 8 men. Built in Bermuda in 1738 and registered there in March 27 1738, owners Israel Brownlow and Co, Bermuda carrying 6 hogsheads of tallow, 4 hogsheads of lard, 130 bushels of peas, 158 barrels of pork, 2300 bushels corn, going to Bermuda. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class C O 5/1446, Shipping returns James River and Hampton Roads). 1741, the "Mary", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Israel Brownlow, brought 3 Bermuda black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284) . Feb 1 1739 clearing the port of York River, VA- Israel Brownlow, sloop Mary of Bermuda with cargo- 1200 bushels corn, 500 pcs pork, 50 B salt, 50 of peas.

Ann
7 Jan 1739/40, "Ann", John Hodsden  master, a sloop of 30 tons with 4 guns and 60 men. Built in 1736 in Bermuda and registered on the island in April 10 1736. Owned by Nathaniel Butterfield of Bermuda. Carrying 65 bushels of peas, 40 barrels of pork, 1405 bushels of corn and 640 pounds of tallow. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class C O 5/1446, Shipping returns James River and Hampton Roads, p 16).

Mary & Margaret
1739, the "Mary & Margaret", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners W Burrows, J Hunt, D Hinson, T Fowle brought 1 St Thomas slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Retrieve
1739, the "Retrieve", a  Bermudian-registered vessel, owners T Seymour, C Williams, C Willis, R Burr brought 5 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p281)

Black Jake
1739, the "Black Jake", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners H Tucker, Wm Riddle, S Lightbourn brought 4 Bermuda slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p282)

Amy & Elizabeth
3 Mar 1739/40, "Amy & Elizabeth", James Hobbs master, a sloop of 35 tons with no guns and 5 men, built in 1736 in Bermuda and registered at Portsmouth on August 13 1736. Owners James Hobbs & Co of New Hampshire. Carrying 70 bushels of beans, 100 barrels of pork, 3500 bushels of corn. Going to Boston. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class C O 5/1446, Shipping returns James River and Hampton Roads, p 17).

Breda(h)
1740, the "Breda(h)", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Jeremiah Burch, brought 4 South Carolina black slaves to Virginia. Again in 1740 brought 4 from the Lower James to VA. (Bernhard, 1999, p284). 19 Mar 1739/40, "Breda", William Pitman master, a sloop of 40 tons with 4 guns and 7 men. Registered in Bermuda on 24 Dec 1736 and built in the colony. Owned by Jeremiah Burch and Co in Bermuda. Carrying one mast, boom, bowspit, 140 staves, 180 bushels peas, 75 barrels of pork, 3500 bushels of corn, one barrel of beef, going to the Lower District. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class C O 5/1446, Shipping returns James River and Hampton Roads, p 17).

Francis
19 Mar 1739/40, "Francis", John Mallory, sloop of 30 tons with no guns and 6 men. Built in 1734 in Bermuda and registered on December 1734 in the colony. Owned by William Mallory and Co of Bermuda. Carrying 3 hogsheads and 100 pounds of pork, 50 bushels of peas, 80 barrels of pork, 200 bushels of corn. 500 pounds of tallow and 3 hogsheads of lard. To Bermuda.  (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class C O 5/1446, Shipping returns James River and Hampton Roads, p 17).

Charity
1740, the "Charity", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master George Gibbs, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Dove
1740, the "Dove", a  Bermudian-registered vessel, owners brought 1 slave from Jamaica into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p282)

Frances
1740, the "Frances", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners W Mallory Sr & Jr, Wm Riddle brought 1 Bermuda slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p282)

Elizabeth
1740, the "Elizabeth", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owner R Mathelin brought 9 slaves from St Christopher into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p282)

Charming Jane
1740, the "Charming Jane", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owner W Seymour brought 2 Antigua slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p282)

Mary
1740, the "Mary", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners F Jones, J Sears brought 1 slave from Jamaica into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p282)

Roy'l Ranger
1741, the "Roy'l Ranger", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Nathaniel Bascome, brought 3 Barbados black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Friendly
1741, the "Friendly", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Thom. Tucker, brought 26 Barbados black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Joseph
1741, the "Joseph", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Butterfield, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Martha & Susanna
1741, the "Martha & Susanna", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Hubbard Outerbridge, brought 15 Antigua black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Endeavor
1741, the "Endeavor", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Pitt, brought 18 Barbados black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Fanny
1741, the "Fanny", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Henry Darrell, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Joseph
1741, the "Joseph", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Butterfield, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Sarah & Elizabeth
1741, the "Sarah & Elizabeth", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Joseph Stowe, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Elizabeth
1741, the "Elizabeth", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Will Higgs, brought 2 Bermuda black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Diamont
1741, the "Diamont", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Fra's Jones, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Elizabeth
1741, the "Elizabeth", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Fra's Jones, brought 4 Bermuda black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Delight
1741, the "Delight", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Thom Gilbert & Co, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Endeavor
1741, the "Endeavor", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Soloman Joell, brought 1 Barbados black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p284)

Molly
1741, the "Molly", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Joseph Darrel, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Industry
1741, the "Industry", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Solom Joell, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Anne
1741, the "Anne", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners D Whitney, G Jones, J Butterfield, J Taylor brought 3 Jamaica slaves into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p282)

Anne
1741, the "Anne", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners F Jones, R Voden of London, J Dickinson, S Burrows brought 1 Bermuda slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p282)

Mary
1741, the "Mary", a Bermudian-registered vessel, owners H Corbusier, S Spofforth, J Peniston Jr, Catherine Horton brought 1 Bermuda slave into the port of New York. (Bernhard, 1999, p282)

Industry
1742, the "Industry", a  Bermudian-registered vessel, master William Morris, brought 1 black slave from Hampton to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Nonpareil
1742, the "Nonpareil", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Henry Tucker & Co, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. Again in 1742, brought 1 Bermuda slave to Va. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Breda
1742, the "Breda", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Jerem Birch of Birmingham, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Friendship
1742, the "Friendship", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Henry Jennings & Co, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Charming Molly
1742, the "Charming Molly", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Nath Butterfield & Co, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Elizabeth
1742, the "Elizabeth", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Robt Robertson, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Molly
1742, the "Molly", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Harvey & Co, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Esther
1742, the "Esther", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Thos Parsons & Co, brought 2 black slaves from the Lower District to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Robert
1742, the "Robert", a  Bermudian-registered vessel, master James Congers (?Conyers) & Co, brought 5 Bermuda black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Royall Rangers
1743, the "Royall Rangers", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Wm and Mary Burass (Burrows?), brought 2 Bermuda black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Windsor Castle
1743, the "Windsor Castle", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Pigot, brought 2 black slaves from Bermuda to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Diamond
1743, the "Diamond", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Henr Corbusier, brought 3 black slaves from St Christopher to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Joseph
1743, the "Joseph", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Butterfield, brought 1 black slave from Bermuda to Virginia. Again brought 8 slaves from Antigua to VA in 1744. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Industry
1743, the Industry"", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master John Argent & Co, brought 2 black slaves from Barbados to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Mediator
The Mediator, a sloop built about 1744, was the earliest ship plan of a Chesapeake craft. "Her place of construction is not noted on the draft. Her keel, with its varying thicknesses, suggests that she was Bermuda-built, and is proof enough that she was not built in Maryland.Since Virginia's plantation fleet consisted of Bermuda sloops and sloops built in Virginia by slaves taught by their counterparts in that island, it is not unusual for a Virginia-built sloop of this period to be similar to the Bermuda model." She measures 61'4" by 21'2" by 9'9". Keel length for tonnage measurement is given as 44 ft. Aplan for the sloop is found in Chapelle's "The search for Speed Under Sail". (Tidewater Triumph by Geoffrey Footner; Chapter Two)

Eunice
Joseph Lightburn, Master on privateer Eunice, September of 1744. John Keele, captain of the Eunice, sailed in consort with the Trembleur of Philadelphia, which was captained by John Sears. On Sept 15th, off Hispaniola, the two privateers chased a schooner. The schooner ran herself ashore within pistol range of a battery in order to avoid capture, but the privateer captains sent their barges, under the command of their lieutenants, to seize the schooner. The French battery killed two of the men from the Trembleur and one from the Eunice, and repulsed the attack. The lieutenants returned to the privateers for more men and ammunition and then renewed their attack. This time, under continual fire from the French, they boarded the schooner and took off her cargo - some 400 casks of brandy - which they safely loaded on board the privateer sloops. (Privateering in King Georges War 1739 - 1748, by Howard M. Chapin).

Sea Flower
1744, the "Sea Flower", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Thom Hunt & Co, brought 1 black slave from Montserrat to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Deborah
1744, the "Deborah", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Nath Bascome & Co of VA, brought 1 Bermuda black slave to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Esther
1744, the "Esther", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Thom Parsons & Co, brought 1 black slave from Bermuda to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Endeavor
1744, the "Endeavor", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Fra's Jones & Co, brought 50 black slaves from St Christopher to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Elizabeth
1744, the "Elizabeth", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Robt Brown & Co, brought 2 black slaves from Bermuda to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Lion
The Bermuda privateer "Lion", Captain John Tucker 1744.

Security
Joseph Lightburn, Lieutenant on privateer Security, which sailed December 5, 1745, from Bermuda. On December 18, 1745, off Cape Francois, the Security chased the schooner Success of Louisbourg, which was captained by Jean Harismendy. Lieutenant Joseph Lightburn of the Security went in the privateer's barge with 13 men and seized the Success, which (as prize master) he brought safely to Bermuda. The Security then sailed in consort with the Diana. (Privateering in King Georges War 1739 - 1748, by Howard M. Chapin).

Neptune
27 Jan 1746, "Neptune, Thomas Piggar master, a sloop of 25 tons with 5 guns and 8 men. Registered in Bermuda in 7 October 1734 and built in that colony. Owners Jn Harvey and Co of Bermuda. Carrying 5 hogsheads of pork, 150 bushels peas, 80 bushels of pork, 2000 bushels of corn and 1800 pounds of tallow. Going to Bermuda. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class C O 5/1446, Shipping returns James River and Hampton Roads, pg 16).

Jolly Batchellor
1746, the "Jolly Batchellor", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Henr Corbusier, brought 3 black slaves from Barbados to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Success
Joseph Lightbourn, captain of the 100-ton brigantine Success, which was commissioned on June 20, 1746, and captured a French ship of 16 guns, all nine-pounders, which she brought into Bermuda before the first of December. (Privateering in King Georges War 1739 - 1748, by Howard M. Chapin).

Elizabeth
The sloop "Elizabeth", master Benjamin Vesey, registered a protest 31 Jul 1746, concerning a leak which occurred on an intended voyage from NY to Jamaica. Came to Bermuda for repair. Protest supported by John Brown, mate and Jeremiah Smith mariner (see court actions).

Delights Change
1747, the "Delights Change", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Solo'n Joell, brought 2 Angolan black slaves to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Elizabeth and Mary
1747, the "Elizabeth and Mary", a Bermudian-registered vessel, master Fran Guichard & CO, St Kitts, brought 1 black slave from St Christopher to Virginia. (Bernhard, 1999, p285)

Amy & Elizabeth
3 Mar 1749/50, the Amy & Elizabeth, master James Hobbs, a sloop of 35 tons with no guns and five men, built in 1736 in Bermuda and registered at Portsmouth on August 13, 1736. Owners James Hobbs and Co, of New Hampshire. Carrying 70 bushels of beans, 100 barrells of pork, 3500 bushels of corn. Going to Boston. (Virginia Colonial Records Project, PRO, class C O 5/1446, Shipping returns James River and Hampton Roads).

Samuel
1752, 30 Nov. ship Francis from Bermuda, Capt Henry Tucker entering the port of Lower District of James River, VA . Cargo 200 B salt, 500 gal molasses, 10 barrels sugar, 6 hogheads rum. (shipping register).