Elijah Goodson was born about 1792 in South Carolina. His wife Ann [-?-] was born about 1800 in North Carolina.
Elijah Goodson's name appears in Darlington County milita records during the War of 1812 : he was listed on a Black Creek Muster Roll dated 1813; on a list of subscribers pledging to contribute funds for the construction of a muster house, 20 Nov 1813; and on a Black Creek Muster Roll dated May 1815, recorded as 5 feet 7 7/8 inches in height.
The 1820 census of Darlington County recorded his household as follows:
Elijah Goodson 1m <10, 1m 26-45, 1f 26-45 (2 slaves)
He was listed next to James Goodson Jr.
The 1830 census recorded the household on p. 214:
Elijah Goodson 1m 5-10, 1m 10-15, 1m 30-40, 2f <5, 1f 20-30, 1f 30-40
A deed recorded in November 1833 between Josiah Goodson and James Dove declared that Elijah Goodson was in possession of 170 acres of land on the southwest side of Black Creek .
He also appears in the 1840, 1850 and 1860 censuses of Darlington County.
The 1850 census of Darlington County, South Carolina, listed the household as follows:
p. 342 Elijah Goodson 37 [57?] b SC Ann Goodson 50 b NC Usual 16 b SC Laban 13 b SC Jno 10 b SC Ann 14 b SC