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California Genealogy and History Archives

Civil War Veterans

Lassen County

History Compiled by

Don Huffman, Graves Registration Officer
SUVCW, W P Carlin Camp #25

Janesville Cemetery


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Jackson Boggs headstone
(click photo for larger view)


Jackson Boggs
  Residence:   Occupation:  
  Service Record:    
  Enlisted as a Farrier on 21 March 1863
Enlisted in Company M, 1st Cavalry Regiment California on 16 May 1863 .
Mustered out Company M, 1st Cavalry Regiment California on 21 March 1866 in Fort Selden , MN

Regimental History
First Cavalry

First Cavalry. -- Cols., David Ferguson, Oscar M. Brown,
Lieut.-Cols., Benjamin F. Davis, Edward E. Eyre, Oscar M.
Brown, Clarence E. Bennett; Majs., Edward E. Eyre, David
Fergusson, Clarence E. Bennett William McCleave, Thomas J.
Blakeny, James Gorman, Emil Fritz.

Under the first call for troops from California the state was asked to furnish one regiment of infantry and five companies of cavalry to guard the overland mail route from Carson Valley to Salt Lake and Fort Laramie . The five cavalry companies organized under this call became the 1st battalion of the 1st cavalry.

The men rendezvoused at a camp called Camp Merchant, near Lake Merritt, Oakland, and the companies were there mustered into the U. S. service for three years on various dates, between Aug. 15 and Oct 31, 1861. Charles S. Thompson, who enlisted in Co. B at Folsom, Aug. 10, 1861, was the first man enlisted in the regiment.

Its first commanding officer was Lieut.-Col. Davis, serving as captain in the 1st U. S. cavalry at the time he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel. He resigned as such Nov. 1, 1861, and returned to duty in his old regiment. During the year 1863 the battalion was made a full regiment of twelve companies and Maj. Fergusson was promoted to colonel. The seven companies organized in 1863 were mustered in between May 16 and Dec. 31 for three years.

As soon as the first battalion was organized it was sent to the southern part of the state, three companies being stationed at Camp Latham , near Los Angeles , and two at Camp Carleton, near San Bernardino . The battalion remained in the southern part of the state until the spring of 1862, when it became part of the “California column," and formed the advance of Carleton's expedition to New Mexico and Texas.

A detachment of the regiment was engaged with some of Baylor's Texan Rangers, under Capt. Hunter, at Picacho pass, April 15, 1862, losing 2 killed and 1 wounded, Lieut. Barrett being one of the 2 killed. On May 24, 1862 Lieut.-Col. Eyre, commanding the battalion, was ordered to reoccupy old Fort Breckenridge , near the confluence of the Gila and San Pedro rivers, the name of which was changed to Fort Stanford , in honor of the governor of California .

Says the official report of Gen. Carleton:
"The energy enterprise and resources of Col. Eyre' as exhibited in his rapid march from Tucson to the Rio Grande, his crossing of that river, and his unlooked-for presence directly upon the heels of the retreating rebels, cannot be too highly appreciated. He exhibited some of the finest qualities of a soldier, and had he not been fettered by orders from higher authority than himself, he would without doubt have achieved advantages over the enemy creditable to himself and to the column from California .

But for his timely arrival upon the Rio Grande , Las Cruces and Mesilla would both have been laid in ashes by the enemy. Hampered as he was by orders, he nevertheless managed to hoist the stars and stripes upon Fort Thorn , Fort Fillmore , Mesilla and Fort Bliss , in Texas ."

In Aug., 1862, Capt. Shirland, Co. C, proceeded still farther into Texas and hoisted the national colors over Fort Davis , participating in a severe skirmish with Indians on the 30th, near Dead Man's hole, on his return to the Rio Grande . In Oct., 1862, Cos. A and D cooperated in an expedition to Dog canon, N. M., against the Mescalero Apache Indians, the expedition being under the command of Col. Kit Carson, of the 1st N. M. cavalry. The Apaches were completely subdued, and 400 of them were taken prisoners.

During practically the whole of their term of service the various companies of the regiment were stationed at different posts in Texas , New Mexico and Arizona , engaged in scouting, patrol and picket duty. They were repeatedly engaged with the hostile Apaches and other Indians, sustaining numerous losses, and marching thousands of miles through the mountains and deserts. In Jan. 1863, Capt. Shirland, Co. C, captured Mangus Colorado, an Apache chief, and brought him prisoner into Fort McLean.

In March of the same year, a detachment, under Maj. McCleave, went in pursuit of a band of Gila Apaches, who had succeeded in running off some 60 horses of the public herd at Fort West , N. M. The Indians were completely routed with a loss of 28, and most of the horses were recaptured, together with many Indian horses. The loss of the troops was only 1 killed and 2 or 3 wounded.

In April, 1864, a detachment under Capt. French surprised and routed a party of the enemy at Spencer's ranch, opposite Presidio del Norte, and marched 499 miles to San Elizario , Tex., in 20 days without losing a man. In April of the same year, another detachment, under Capt. Whitlock, consisting of about 60 men, attacked 250 Indians near Mount Grey, Ariz., and after a sharp fight of an hour's duration, routed the enemy, killing 21, and wounding a large number.

In Nov., 1864, Cos. B. K and M formed part of an expedition under command of Col. Kit Carson, sent against the Kiowa and Comanche Indians, and participated in the battle near the old adobe fort on the Canadian River in northern Texas. The engagement, which lasted all day, resulted in the destruction of the Kiowa village of 150 lodges and the rout of the Indians with a loss of 60 killed and wounded. The loss of the 1st cavalry was 2 killed and 7 wounded.

In May, 1865, Co. F was attached to an expedition under Col. Carson, which proceeded to the Comanche country and built a stone fort, known as Fort Nichols, at Cedar bluffs, Ind. Ter. The following month, while Co. F was escorting a train from Fort Nichols to Fort Lamed, Kas., it repulsed an attack by about 50 Comanche warriors sustaining no loss, but killing or wounding several of the Indians. The company continued to perform escort duty on this station until Oct., 1865.

Other Indian fights in which portions of the regiment were engaged were, with a band of Navajoes, near Sacramento mountains, N. M.; near San Andreas pass, near White Mountains La Monica Springs. A detachment of Co. M formed part of an expedition under Col. Willis, which proceeded from Fort Selden, N. M., to the town of Janos , Mex., where a band of Apaches had taken possession of the town.

In 1864 the original members of the regiment, except veterans reenlisted, were mustered out at Las Cruces and Fort Union , N. M. New companies, A, C and E, composed of veterans and recruits, were formed to take the places of the compares of the corresponding designations. Co. B was entirely reorganized from reenlisted veterans and recruits.

Co. E was mustered out March 6, 1866; A and I, May 22, 1866; L, June, 1866; the remaining companies, B, C, F, G, H, K and M, then stationed in New Mexico and Texas, were ordered to assemble at Baird's ranch, near Albuquerque, for the purpose of being mustered out during Sept., 1866.

Co. M was mustered out on the 30th, and was the last company organization of California volunteers in the U. S. service, but was not the last of the California volunteers to be mustered out, as those who wished to be returned to the state were consolidated into two companies, one of cavalry and one of infantry, the former under the command of Capt. Thomas A. Stombs. This column arrived in San Francisco Dec. 28, 1866 , where all were mustered out at the Presidio Dec. 31, except Capt. R. H. Orton, of Co. M, who was mustered out Jan. 4, 1867 -- the last of the California volunteers.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 414

Battles Fought

Fought at Socorro , NM .
Fought on 15 April 1862 at Picacho Station , Arizona Terr..
Fought on 25 September 1862 at Apache Pass , Arizona Terr..
Fought on 27 March 1863 at Rio Benito.
Fought on 05 July 1863 at Fort Union , MN .
Fought on 30 March 1864 at Weaverville , Arizona Terr..
Fought on 25 November 1864 .
Fought on 25 November 1864 at Adobe Wells, TX.
Fought on 17 February 1865 at Fort Buchanan , Arizona Terr..
Fought on 01 June 1865 at Fort Larned , KS .
Fought on 14 July 1865 at Croton Springs , Arizona Terr..
Fought on 15 September 1865 at Drum Barracks, CA.
Fought on 23 March 1866 at Solado Desert .
Fought on 26 May 1866 at Magdalena Canyon , NM .
Fought on 25 August 1866 at Camp Miembres , NM .

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Preston R Snowden headstone
(click photo for larger view)

Preston R Snowden  
  Residence:   Occupation:  
  Service Record:    
  Enlisted as a Private on 21 August 1861 at the age of 22
Enlisted in Company H, 30th Infantry Regiment Ohio on 29 August 1861 .
Promoted to Full Corporal on 01 September 1864
Mustered out Company H, 30th Infantry Regiment Ohio on 13 August 1865 in Little Rock , AR

Regimental History
(Three Years)

Thirtieth Infantry. - Cols., John Groesbeck, Hugh Ewing, Theodore Jones; Lieut.-Cols., George H. Hildt, Emerson P. Brooks; Majs., John Ferguson, David Cunningham, Charles Townsend. This regiment was organized at Columbus , in Aug., 1861, to serve for three years. It was armed and equipped immediately and on Aug. 30 was ordered to the field. The next day found the regiment at Benwood , Va. , and on Sept. 2 it reached Clarksburg. Two companies were left at Big Birch bottoms and the remainder of the regiment moved on to Carnifix Ferry, where a sharp engagement took place. During the winter the regiment worked upon fortifications, which were upon several occasions of signal benefit to the army. In the following August it joined the army in eastern Virginia and participated in the severe engagement at South mountain, losing 18 men killed and 48 wounded. At Antietam the regiment lost 2 commissioned officers killed and 2 wounded, 8 men killed and 37 wounded. Being transferred the western field of operations, from May 18, 1863 , until the surrender of Vicksburg it was engaged in demonstrations against the enemy's works and in fatigue and picket duty. The casualties of the 30th during the siege were 1 commissioned officer killed and 6 wounded, 6 men killed and 48 wounded. After the surrender of Vicksburg the regiment marched to Jackson and upon the evacuation of that place by the Confederates it returned as far as the Big Black river and went into camp. Sept. 24 found it in position in front of Missionary ridge and the next day, in company with a detachment of the 4th W. Va. , it assaulted and carried the outer line of the enemy's works. Later in the day the 30th and 37th Ohio made two unsuccessful assaults on the works on Tunnel hill, the 30th losing 39 men killed and wounded. Veteranizing and being furloughed home, it rejoined the army at the beginning of the Atlanta campaign and was under fire at Dallas and at Kennesaw mountain. In an attack at the latter place on June 27 it lost 35 men killed and wounded. In the engagement at Atlanta on July 22, it lost 27 men in killed, wounded and prisoners. On the 28th the regiment maintained its ground manfully and lost 30 men killed and wounded. The enemy abandoned a stand of colors under the regiment's fire and 105 dead Confederates were picked up in its immediate front. In the engagement at Jonesboro the 30th lost 25 killed and wounded. On Dec. 13, it was in front of Fort McAllister, where at a given signal all moved forward to the crest of the works and engaged the enemy in a hand-to-hand conflict. The regiment then participated in the Carolina campaign, and after the surrender of Lee and Johnston it was retained on guard duty until Aug. 13, 1865 , when it was mustered out.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 2

Battles Fought

Fought at Cumberland , MD.
Fought on 23 September 1861 at Laurel Creek , VA.
Fought on 20 October 1861 .
Fought on 22 October 1861 at Little Burch , VA.
Fought on 16 November 1861 at Big Birch, VA.
Fought on 14 September 1862 at South Mountain, MD.
Fought on 17 September 1862 at Antietam, MD.
Fought on 11 January 1863 .
Fought on 22 May 1863 at Vicksburg, MS.
Fought on 04 June 1863 at Near Vicksburg , MS .
Fought on 16 June 1863 at Vicksburg, MS.
Fought on 14 July 1863 at Jackson, MS.
Fought on 22 July 1863 at Near Jackson , MS .
Fought on 25 November 1863 at Missionary Ridge, TN.
Fought on 13 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.
Fought on 17 May 1864 at Resaca , GA.
Fought on 27 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 24 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.
Fought on 27 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.
Fought on 03 July 1864 at Nickajack Creek, GA.
Fought on 10 July 1864 at Monocacy, MD.
Fought on 20 July 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 22 July 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 28 July 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 28 July 1864 at Near Atlanta , GA.
Fought on 29 July 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 03 August 1864 at Near Atlanta , GA.
Fought on 10 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 11 August 1864 at Near Atlanta , GA.
Fought on 19 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 24 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 27 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 31 August 1864 at Jonesboro, GA.
Fought on 01 September 1864 at Jonesboro, GA.
Fought on 13 December 1864 at Fort McAllister, GA.
Fought on 20 March 1865 at Bentonville, NC.