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2nd LT: GEORGE DUTTON, of the California Column, 5th California Infantry of Company K, Civil War Veteran of Monterey County.

George Dutton was born in estimated 1825 in Connecticut. During the Civil War, he enlisted as a Private into Company K of the 5th California Infantry out of Santa Cruz on October 31, 1861 and was quickly promoted to 2nd Lieutenant at Camp Union on January 5, 1862; he was mustered out by resignation on August 31, 1864. He bought land in Jolon California and became the owner of a Hotel and Livery Stable; he had business partnerships with his friend and former Captain, Thomas T. Tidball at one time. Both the Dutton Hotel and the Tidball General store are on the list of Historical Structure Sites. George Dutton’s wife was named Deborah Winslow Dodge. George Dutton died on August 29, 1905 in King City and is buried at Jolon Cemetery in Monterey County.

The following are transcriptions from obituaries, and biographical sketch.


Salinas Daily Journal August 30, 1905
George Dutton Dead

A telephone message received last night at this office brought the news of the death of George Dutton, the old G.A.R. man and pioneer resident of Jolon.  His death occurred last evening at King City, where he had been taken for medical treatment.  He was a native of Connecticut and was aged 80 years.  He will be buried at Jolon by the side of his wife who preceded him some eight or ten years ago to the other shore.  

Salinas Daily Index Aug 29, 1905
Death of George Dutton

News reached the county seat last night of the death of George Dutton, one of the old pioneers of the southern end of this county. The deceased had been in poor health for some time and was recently taken from his home in Jolon to King City for medical treatment. For many years he has been closely identified with the history of the Jolon Country and was held in the highest esteem by all who knew him. He was the father of Deputy Sheriff E.J. Dutton, well known in this city and was a native of Connecticut, a G.A.R. man and was aged 80 years. The body will be buried by the side of his wife’s grave in the Jolon cemetery.  

Salinas California August 18, 1989
Whets Happening to the Dutton Hotel?
Our History and Heritage
By Dorothy H. Vera

Despite the fact that sometimes the mills of the gods grind slowly...acquisition of the Dutton Adobe near Jolon still is “in the mill.”  Information released from Fort Ord this week said that “one approach for this has been abandoned, and another is being pursued.”

Monterey County surveyors and engineers just completed their work of surveying and writing a description of the historic site and presented their findings to Post Engineers at Fort Ord for perusal.

In the meantime, a South County committee working to save the old hotel is in a state of watchful waiting.

The adobe history relates to the activities of the 1800’s when California was in a state of growing up. Some years ago History and Heritage presented the story of the Dutton’s to its readers.

Certain parts of that story are being retold today to give newcomers an insight into a bit of the past. This adobe might disappear from the face of the earth if efforts to save the hotel are not accelerated.  

Now a bit off the beaten path, the old Dutton stagecoach stop and hotel near Jolon saw through its now empty windows an awakening of Monterey County. From the wide verandah owners, friends and patrons watched the world go by.

And pass it did. Prairie schooners drifted along laden with goods and settlers from Oregon, or from the east and Midwest. This in the long ago was the main thoroughfare from Los Angeles to San Francisco.  By necessity, Jolon became the heart of a thriving community. Too, the coastal mines were nearby, making it a “must” stopping place for eager prospectors on their way to the hills....or on their return home.

Century Old
Jolon as a community was established about 100 years ago, though its immediate area had been active since the founding of San Antonio de Padua Mission by the Franciscan Fathers in 1771. Who knows, perhaps Don Gaspar de Portola and his party passed that way 200 years ago while searching for Monterey Bay!

At any rate, one Antonio Ramirez came from Monterey and built for himself and his family an adobe “with all doors opening onto the porch, California style.” later this property was acquired by H.C. Dodge, a relative of George Dutton, who then purchased it in 1876. Dutton furnished supplies for homes on the coast and throughout the Valley until a road was built through King City in 1886. That road proved to be the death of Jolon. But no doubt Dutton more than realized his original investment....$1,000 for the residence and 100 acres.

During the Dutton regime he remodeled the place into a two story hotel and store. It soon became the center of social and business activities. He owned the only piano for miles, which was an added attraction to the young people who gathered there on warm summer evenings.

Jolon never boasted of more that its eight residences, one saloon, two blacksmith shops and three stores. Small though it was, it was known far and wide. Many among the greats who traveled the highway north and south before 1886 stopped at Dutton Hotel, either overnight or for a refresher while the stagehands changed horses. About 1870 the land nearby were opened to settlers by the government. Areas generally in the San Antonio Valley (later called Lockwood), became populated with the Weferlings, the Heinsens, Aristens, Bushnells, Paulsens, Loebers and Boeinger. The Pinkertons settled the Pleyto country and the Plasketts went across the mountains to the coast. Many ancestors of these pioneers still are numbered among Monterey County’s residents.

The romance of Lt. George Dutton and his bride, the former Deborah Winslow Dodge, was post Civil War. She arrived in San Francisco with her family and next met young Dutton, a native of Wallingford, Conn. He was raised in Canada, a self taught man whose conversation and learning was equal to that of any of his patrons.

He had been in Australia before the gold rush, then came to California in 1849 to join in the fun. In contrast to his battles with Apaches en route to California, the many Indians he found on his arrival in South Monterey County were of opposite nature....gentle and cooperative.

Culture and life was a mixture of English and Spanish. The Stars and Stripes were raised followed by the Mexican flag proclaiming Mexican Independence when Mexicans gathered each Sept. 16 to celebrate their Independence.  Indian and Mexican women worked long hours preparing tamales and enchiladas for the feast.

The Duttons were an important part of this county in its growing up period. The couple had six children. Marno Dutton who married a Thompson and Eunice, the wife of Alfred Smythe Pickett, and Englishman were two. Edwin Dalton Dutton took over management of the hotel when he was 21. He died in 1921. Eight years later the famous old hostelry was sold to William Randolph Hearst by the younger Dutton’s widow, to later become part of Hunter Liggett.

The father, George is buried in Jolon Cemetery with other members of the family. But his sentimental wife, the Lady Bountiful of early Jolon asked to be buried in the backyard of the family home. When she passed away in 1896 it became her last resting place.  

(Santa Cruz Sentinel August 31, 1905)

Was Former Resident of Santa Cruz and Veteran of Civil War

News has reached the county seat of the death of George Dutton, one of the old pioneers of the southern end of this county. Deceased had been in poor health for some time and was recently taken from his home in Jolon to King City for medical treatment.  For many years he has been closely identified with the history of Jolon country, and was held in the highest esteem by all who knew him.  He was the father of Deputy Sheriff E. [Evelyn?] Dutton, well known in this city, and was a native of Connecticut, a G.A.R. man, and was aged 80 years.  The body will be buried by the side of his wife’s grave in the Jolon Cemetery-  Salinas Index

At the time of the Civil War commenced the de3ceased was a resident of Santa Cruz and went forth to fight for his country as lieutenant under Captain Tilbatt [Tidball?]. He married a Miss Dodge of Watsonville, and at the close of the Rebellion took up his home at Jolon.

Compiled and Submitted: by Tim P. Reese, PCC

Camp Abe Lincoln #10 based out of Santa Cruz, Ca

Dept. of Calif. and Pacific

Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War

Sep 2009

(click on photos for larger view)


dutton-george-headstone-1.jpg (71850 bytes) Tombstone
dutton-george-headstone-2.jpg (129953 bytes) View of area where the tombstone is located
dutton-george-obit.jpg (39460 bytes) Obituary
dutton-hotel-c1888.jpg (99227 bytes) Dutton Hotel c1888

Present day Dutton Hotel photos

Dutton Hotel with over-brush growth were shot in 2003, the black and whites were shot in June 2007, the color shots without over-brush growth were also shot in 2007. 

dutton-hotel-c2003-1.jpg (65323 bytes) dutton-hotel-c2003-2.jpg (72494 bytes) dutton-hotel-south-end.jpg (137689 bytes) dutton-hotel-inside.jpg (143253 bytes) dutton-hotel-c2003-3.jpg (172926 bytes)
dutton-hotel-doorway-1.jpg (79881 bytes) dutton-hotel-doorway-2.jpg (87956 bytes)  dutton-hotel-sign-2003.jpg (78867 bytes)  dutton-hotel-sign-closeup-2003.jpg (69620 bytes)