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Placer County History

History of Placer County California
by Myron Angel, Thompson & West, 1892

Introduction    (note: this book is currently being transcribed)

Chapter 1: SCANTY KNOWLEDGE OF THE PACIFIC COAST FIFTY YEARS SINCE - Story of "Sergas, by Esplandin - Titles to Immense Regions Conferred by the Pope - Expeditions for Discovery and Settlement - Sir Francis Drake's Operations - Expeditions Overland - Marvelous Stories of a Big Canon - Expedition of Father Escalante.  

Chapter 2: BIG CANON OF THE COLORADO - Lieutenant Whipple's Expedition - Lieutenant Ives' Expedition - First Attempt to Explore the Canon - Land Party Organized - One sight of the River - First Exploration - Unwilling Venture - Consider the situation - Death of One of the Parties - Three Months in the Canon - Arrival at Fort Colville - Exploration Made Under the Direction of the Smithsonian Institute - Indescribable Character of the Stream - Loss of Boats and Provisions - Death of a Portion of the Party - Emergence of the Survivors - Geology and climate.  

Chapter 3: THE EXILES OF LORETO - Father Tierra's Methods of Conversion - Death of  Father Tierra - Arrest of the Jesuits - Midnight Parting - Permanent Occupation of California - Missions in Charge of Francisco Friars - Character of Father Junipero - Exploring Expeditions - Origin of the Name of the Bay - Mission Dolores - Death of Father Junipero.  

Chapter 4: THE MISSIONS OF ST. FRANCIS - Their Moral and Political Aspect - Domestic Economy - The Establishments Described - Secular and Religious Occupations of the Neophytes - Wealth and Productions - Liberation and Dispersion of the Indians - Final Decay.  

Chapter 5: DOWNFALL OF THE OLD MISSIONS - Results of Mexican Rule Confiscation of the Pious Fund - Revolution Begun - Events of the Colonial Rebellion The Americans Appear and Settle Things - Annexation at Last.
Chapter 6: PRIMITIVE AGRICULTURE - Extent of the Mission Lands - Varieties of Product - Agricultural Implements and Means of Working - A Primitive Mill Immense Herds and Value of Cattle - The First Native Shop.
Chapter 7: SIR FRANCIS DRAKE'S DISCOVERIES - The Fabulous Straits of Anian Arctic Weather in June - Russian Invasion - Native Animals - Various Facts and Events
Chapter 8: THE AMERICAN CONQUEST - Fremont and the Bear Flag. Rise and Progress of the Revolution - Commodores Sloat, Stockton, and Shubrick - Castro and Flores Drive Out - Treaty of Peace - Stockton and Kearney Quarrel Fremont Arrested, etc.
Chapter 9: SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY FROM THE TIME CAPT. C. M. WEBER FIRST SAW IT IN NOVEMBER, 1841, UNTIL THE CLOSE OF 1847 , by Frank T. Gilbert. Captain C. M. Weber - Expeditions to California, 1841 - Names of the Party - Sutter's Fort - Hoza Ha-soos - San Jose - French Camp or Weber Grant - Revolutionary Designs of the Foreigners - Treaty between Weber and His Sons - How it Was Observed by Ha-soos - Fremont's Expedition, 1844 - David Kelsey - Thomas Lindsay - Policy of the Foreigners - Weber and Micheltorena at San Jose - John A. Sutter Aids Micheltorena - A Revolutionary Document The "Bear Flag" - Attempt to Settle the Grant, 1846 - Isbel Brothers and Other Early Settlers - Twins, Second Children Born in Valley, 1847 - End of Stanislaus City - First Marriage, 1847 - Village of "Tuleburg" - William Gann, First Child Born in 1847 - Wild Horse Scheme - Resume.
Chapter 10: BIOGRAPHIC SKETCH OF GENERAL SUTTER - His Nativity - Migration to the American West - Arrival in California - Foundation of Sutter's Fort - Prosperity and Wealth of the Colony - Decline and Ultimate Ruin Retirement to Hock Farm - Extract From Sutter's Diary.
Chapter 11: THE KING"S ORPHAN - His Observations in the Sacramento Valley in 1843 - Indications of Gold - Life at Sutter's Fort - Indian Gourmands Wonderful Fertility of the Land.
Chapter 12: SUTTER'S FORT IN 1846 - Aspect of Sacramento Valley - Sinclair's Ranch A Lady Pioneer - Captain Sutter at Home - The Fort Described - Condition and Occupation of the Indians - Farm Products and Prices - Dinner With the Pioneer - New Helvetia.
Chapter 13: THE HISTORY OF THE DONNER PARTY - Scene of the Tragedy - Organization and Composition of the Party - Election of George Donner as Captain - Hasting's Cut-off - Ascent of the Mountains - Arrival at Donner Lake Snow Storms - Construction of Cabins - "Forlorn Hope Party" - Captain Reasin P. Tucker's Relief Party - "Starved Camp" - Third Relief Party - Heroism and Devotion of Mrs. George Donner - Fourth Relief Party - The Survivors.
Chapter 14: THE DISCOVERY OF GOLD - Early Reports and Discoveries - Marshall's Great Discovery at Sutter's Mill - His Account of the Event - Views of the Newspapers of That Time - Political and Social Revolution - Great Rush to the Mines - Results - General Sutter's Account of the Gold Discovery - Building of Saw Mill.
Chapter 15: EARLY CONDITION OF THE REGION - Mountains Unexplored by the Spaniards - The Trappers - Fremont's Passage of the Mountains in 1847 - Battles With the Snow - The Indian's Warning - A Glimpse of the Valley - Subsisting on Horse Flesh - Arrival at Sutter's Fort - Early Settlements An Immigration Party of 1844 - Captain Truckee - Truckee River - Alone on the Summit - Death of Captain Truckee - Immigrants in 1846 - Discovery of Gold on the Yuba.
Chapter 16: EARLY MINING HISTORY - Pre-American Gold Discoveries - Spread of the Gold Discovery - Beale's Expedition to Washington - Great Excitement in New York - First Mining in Placer County - Claude Chana in Auburn Ravine - Rich Dry Diggings, Auburn - Progress of the Excitement - Exploring the Rivers - Mines in the Winter of 1849-50 - Adventures of Pioneers - Murderer's Bar - Buckner's Bar - Pioneer Mining Experience - The "Glorious Days" of 1849 - Mining in 1850 - A Mining Claim - Grand Fluming Enterprise - A Model Saw-mill - Doctors, Lawyers, Divines Mining - The Grand Finale Marshal Prospecting in Placer - Ohio Prospectors - A Ghastly Discovery - In Memory - "Yankee Jim" - Journal of a Pioneer - Soldiers and Prospectors in 1849 - Prices of 1849 - Prices in Auburn in 1849.
Chapter 17: EMIGRATION TO CALIFORNIA - Preparations For Emigration - The Routes to California - The Pacific Mail Steamship Company - Arrivals at San Francisco in 1849 - The Expectant Argonaut - On the Isthmus - A Lesson in Maritime Law - Sailing to San Francisco - Crossing the Plains - An Overland Journal - Population at the Close of 1849 - Domestic Habits of the Pioneers - The Miner's Cabin - Housekeeping and Cooking - Thrifty Characters - Meanness and its Reward - First Dead in Placer - A Homicide.
Chapter 18: ORGANIZATION OF STATE GOVERNMENT - The Government Before the Conquest - Colonial Governors of California - The Government Ad Interim - The Military Governors of California - Calling a Constitutional Convention - Meeting of the Convention - Delegates From Sacramento District First State Election - Organization of Counties - Sutter County - Story of a Navigable Stream -Election of County Officers - The First Session of Court - The Court House at Oro - Election For County Seat - Story by Judge Keyser - Permanent Homes Appear - The Governmental Organization.
Chapter 19: ORGANIZATION OF PLACER COUNTY - Increase of Population - The Foothill Towns - Placer County Boundaries - Placer and Sutter Dividing Line - Geography of the County - Election of Officers - Contesting the Election - Election of Legislative Officers -Attempt to Divide the County Opposition Aroused - Dutch Flat Opposition - The Washington County Advocates - Meeting at Yankee Jim's - Convention at Wisconsin Hill - The Boundary Line - A Bear River Growl - Revival of the Washington County Scheme - Granite County - Donner County.
Chapter 20: POLITICAL HISTORY OF PLACER COUNTY - Composition of Parties How To Tax the Mines - Organization of Placer County - Abram Bronk Campaign of 1852 - Patrick Canney - Campaign of 1853 - Political Duels - The Slavery Question in California - Campaign of 1854 - A Stormy State Convention - Conventions and Nominations - First and Only Whig Administration - Campaign of 1855 - Native Americans, or "Know-nothings" - Efforts to Elect a Senate - Campaign of 1856 - The Republicans - Sketches of Candidates - W. W. Carperton - Samuel B. Wyman - A. P. K. Safford - James O'Neil - Charles King - Philip Stoner - Philip W. Thomas - J. W. Spann - Eugene A. Phelps - James M. Gaunt - Hudson M. House - Percival C. Millette Election of Senators - Triumph of Broderick - Acts for Placer.
Chapter 21: POLITICAL HISTORY OF PLACER COUNTY - Campaign of 1857 The Democracy United - Democratic Combinations - Contempt for the Republicans - Campaign of 1858 - Douglas Democrats - Convention Held - Republicans and Douglas Democrats Combine - Eleventh Judicial District - The Elections - A Portentous Omen - The Legislature - Campaign of 1859 - Horace Grosley - Broderick and Terry Duel - M. S. Latham Elected Senator - Legislation for Placer - James Anderson - Campaign of 1860 Threatening Aspect of Parties - The Election - Lincoln the President - James A. McDougall Senator - A Stormy Session - The Rebellion - Campaign of 1861 - Success of the Republicans - Campaign of 1862 - Three Parties in the Field - Abolition of Slavery - Constitutional Amendments Adopted - Campaign of 1863 - Democratic Song - "Long Hairs" and "Short Hairs" United - Democrats United - Judicial Election - Placer County Matters - Campaign of 1864 - Presidential Nominations - The Election.
Chapter 22: POLITICAL HISTORY OF PLACER COUNTY - Campaign of 1865 - Death of Lincoln -Split in the Republican Party - Judicial Election - The Legislature - Registry Law - Campaign of 1867 - Political Changes - Meeting of Conven- tions - The Election - Judicial Election - The Legislature - Eugene Casserly Senator - Presidential Campaign of 1868 - Republican Victory - Campaign of 1869 - Negro Suffrage - The Election - Judicial Election - The Legislature - Edgar M. Banvard - Campaign of 1871 - The Election - Judicial Election 1871 - The Legislature - Sargent Senator - Dunnam's Election - Campaign of 1872 1872 - Grant and Greeley - Questions at Issue - The Election - Campaign of 1873 - "Dolly Vardens" - The Elections - Judicial Election - The Legislature - Senators Elected - Campaign of 1875 - Complicated Parties - The Election - Judicial Election 1875 - The Legislature -The Debris Question - William M. Crutcher - Campaign of 1876 - Centennial Year - Presidential Election 1876.
Chapter 23: POLITICAL HISTORY OF PLACER COUNTY - Campaign of 1877 - Working- men's Party - The Election of 1877 - Judicial Election - Constitutional Convention - James T. Farley Senator - Campaign of 1878 - Campaign of 1879 - Constitution Adopted - Political Campaign - The Election - State Officers - Frank D. Adams - Presidential Campaign of 1880 - The Election Population of Placer - John C. Boggs - John Gould Bisbee - W. B. Lardner.
Chapter 24: FINANCIAL HISTORY - Sutter County Debt - Financial Conditions in 1852 - Treasurer's Report 1852 - Court House Ordered Built - Treasurer's Report 1853 - Taxable Property - Mining Investments - Assessments in 1853 - Treasurer's Report, December 1853 - Common School Money - Hospital Fund - Defective Revenue Laws - Grand Jury Report, May 1854 - Grand Jury Report August, 1854 - Difficulties in Collecting Taxes - Sam Astin's Joke - A Tax Collecting Controversy - The Financial Power - Grand Jury Report November, 1854 -Taxable Property - Comparative Statement - Financial Reports February, 1855 - Rate of Taxation - Supervisors' Statement - The Increasing Indebtedness - Supervisors' Statement in September - Assessors' Report 1855 - Supervisors' Report 1856 - Treasurer's Report 1856 Unofficial Statement - Accessors' Report 1856.
Chapter 25: FINANCIAL HISTORY. Board of Supervisors February,1857 - Relief Measures - Assessor's Report 1857 - Redemption of County Warrants Financial Report 1858 - Reducing the Debt - Assessor's Report 1858 - Supervisors' Report February, 1859 - County Debt - Assessment Roll 1859 - Supervisors' Report 1860 - Reports and Taxes 1860 - Finances in 1861 - Taxation in 1862 - The Finances in 1863 - Finances in 1864 - Contest With the Railroad for Taxes - Tax Levy 1865 - Railroad Assessment - Legal Distances - Taxation in 1866 - Tax Levy in 1867 - Central Pacific Controversy - Great Wealth of the Railroad Company - Assessment and Taxes in 1865 - Robbing the Treasurer - Taxation in 1869 - Exorbitant Bills - Railroad Suits Compromised - Taxation in 1870 - Sale of the Railroad Stock - Sources of Revenue - Taxes in 1871 - Proceedings Against the Railroad Company - Property in 1871 - William Van Vactor.
Chapter 26: FINANCIAL HISTORY. Taxation in 1872 - Supreme Court Decision Large Assessment - Railroad Assessment Contested - Property in 1873 - Joseph P. Hoge Engaged - The Financial Problem in 1874 - Railroad Troubles Continue - Valuations and Taxation - Financial Condition in 1875 - J. T. Ashley The Financial Condition in 1876 - Compromise With Railroad Company Sheriff en officio Collector - William Loring Munson - Assessment and Taxation in 1877 - Financial Condition in 1878 - Property in 1879 - Financial Report in 1879 - A. J. Soule - Financial Condition in 1880 - State Board of Equalization - Finances in 1881 - Railroad Litigation - Receipts and Disbursements - Cause of Financial Embarrassment - Conclusion - Joseph Walkup.
Chapter 27: MINING. Antiquity of Mining History - Ancient and Modern Mining - Gold Silver - Copper - Iron - Coal - Australia - California - Nevada - Idria Quicksilver Mine - Character and Uses of Gold - Of Silver - Of Copper - Of Iron - Tin - Chromium - Tellurium.
Chapter 28: MINING: Placer County Mines - Crude Implements in Early Mining - The Story of a BATEA - Occurrence of the Gold - River Mining - Temporary Structures - Dry Diggings - Improvements in Mining - Long Tom - Mining Ditches - The Sluice - The Sluice Fork - Rifles - Grizzly and Under Currents - Sluice Pavements - Drift Mining - Hydraulic Mining - Hydraulic Mining at Gold Run Cement Mills - Quartz Mining - Pioneer Quartz Mining - Empire Hill - Pioneer Mill Union Mill - Placer Mill - Heath & Henderson Mill - May & Co's Mill - Bay State Mill - Preston & Worrell's Mill - Henson & Co's Mill - Tom Seymour's Mill Silver Excitement.
Chapter 29: MINING LAWS. Quartz Miners' Convention and Laws - Auburn Quartz Mining District - Laws of Auburn District - Recommendations - Placer Mining Laws - Laws of Concert Hill District -State Convention of Miners - Proceedings of Miners' Convention - United States Mining Laws - Act of July 26, 1866 - Act of July 9, 1870 - Act of May 11, 1872 - Subsequent Amendments - Forms Proof Of Labor - Notice of Location - Rules and Decisions - Obtaining Patents for Mines - Adverse Claims - Agricultural or Mineral Land - Aliens - Cross Lodes - Tunnels.
Chapter 30: MINING. Mineralogical Education - Copper Discoveries and Excitement Lone Star District - Auburn District - Cox's District - Garden Bar District - On the "Rampage" for Copper - High Prices for Copper - New Copper Mining Towns - Singular Rock - Copper Production - The Excitement Abating - Iron Mines - Iron Ore on Lovell's Ranch - Report of the Geological Survey - The Iron Mountain Company - Iron Mining in Oregon - Practical Mining Commenced - The Blast Furnace - The Hot Blast - The Process of Smelting - Feeding the Furnace - The Scene at a Casting - The Ore and Ore Supply - The Fuel Supply - Executive Orders - The Force Employed - The Town of Hotaling - What of the Future? - The Holland Mine - Iron Product - Coal Mining - Potter's Clay - California Clay Manufacturing Company - Importance of Clay Deposits - Chromium Mining.
Chapter 31: MINING. The Iowa Hill Divide - The Gravel Formation - Altitudes on the Divide - Mines on the Divide - Iowa Hill Mines - Independence Hill Mines - Roach Hill Mines - Morning Star Hill Mines - Bird's Flat Mines - Strawberry Flat Mines - Succor Flat Mines - Wisconsin Hill Mines - Grizzly Flat Mines - Elizabeth Hill Mines - Stevens' Hill Mines - Main Ridge Mines - Canada Hill Mines Quartz Mines - Mines Having Stamp Mills - Water Ditches - Shirt-tail Canon Quartz Mines - Humbug Canon Mines described - Report on Mines - Mountain Gate Mine - Hidden Treasure Mine - Michael Harold Power - Various Formations and Theories - A Hydraulic Mine.
Chapter 32: MINING. Quartz Discoveries Near Auburn - Rich Strikes - Pluck Rewarded by Luck - The Big Crevice - Dredging the River - The St. Patrick Mine The Greene Mine - Rising Sun Mine - The Banker Mine - The Forest Hill Divide - Mining at Dutch Flat - Cedar Creek Mining Company - Mining Phrases The "Glorious Days" of 49 - The Miner's Lament - The Miner's Progress.
Chapter 33: AGRICULTURE. Early Efforts at Cultivation - The Dry Valley Thought a Desert - A Change in the Scene - The Pioneer Fruit Planter - Claude Chana - Pioneer Cultivators and Orchardists - Early Ranches in the Valley - Assessor's Report in 1855 - Assessor's Report in 1856 - Fruit Trees Vines - Grain - Livestock - Flouring Mills Required - Progress in 1857 - Ranch of J. R. Nickerson - Spring Valley Ranch - Assessor's Report in 1870 - Successful Horticulturists - J. W. Hulbert - An Unusual Frost.
Chapter 34: AGRICULTURE. Orange Culture - M. Andrews - Foot-hill Fruits - Silk Culture - Works and Life of B. Bernhard - Productions of the Granite Hills Cotton Culture - Alfalfa, or Chill Clover - Angora Goats - Agriculture in the Mountains - William N. Lee - Statistical Report for 1869 - Statistics for 1875.
Chapter 35: PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Placer County Schools in 1857 - Schools of Placer Co. - Office of County Superintendent - Salary of County Superintendent - Misc. Statistics - Teacher's Institute - Alta District - Auburn District - Bath District - Blue Canon District - Butcher Ranch District - Central District Christian Valley District - Clipper Gap District - Colfax District - Consolidated District - Coon Creek District - Damascus District - Daneville District - Dry Creek District - Dutch Flat District - Emigrant Gap District - Excelsior District Fair View District -Forest Hill District - Franklin District - Gold Hill District Gold Run District - Iowa Hill District - Lincoln District - Lone Star District Michigan Bluff District - Mount Pleasant District - Mount Vernon District - New England Mills District - Newcastle District - Ophir District - Penryn District Rock Creek District - Rocklin District - Roseville District - Sheridan District Spring Garden District - Sunny South District - Todd's Valley District - Union District - Valley View District - Van Trees District - Lapsed Districts - Statistical Tables - O. F. Seavey.
Chapter 36: RAILROADS. Traveling in "Old Times" - New York to Boston in Four Days - Anecdote of Stephenson - Early Traveling in California - Strange Terminus to A Railroad - First Locomotive in America - A Historical Railroad Excursion - California Central Railroad - Auburn Branch Railroad - Sacramento, Placer and Nevada Railroad - Transcontinental Railroad Projected - Efforts of Theodore D. Judah - Central Pacific Railroad Company - Railroad Bill Passed Congress - The Work Commenced - Placer County a Stock-holder - Address to the People - The Election Contest - Progress of the Road The First Surprise - Great Energy in the Work - Triumph of Engineering and Finance - Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railway - John B. Whitcomb.
Chapter 37: WAGON ROADS OF PLACER COUNTY. Roads in 1849 - First Wagon in Yankee Jim's - Emigrant Roads - Emigrant Road of 1852 - Surveys in 1855 - Placer County Emigrant Road - Biographical Sketch of Captain Thomas A. Young - Road Convention at Yankee Jim's - List of Delegates Speeches Delivered - Resolutions Offered - Last of the Emigrant Road Scheme Placer County and Washoe Turnpike - Toll-roads, Ferries, and Bridges - Bear River Bridge - Auburn Ravine Turnpike - Mineral Bar Ridge and Road - Other Toll- Roads Before 1860 - Auburn and Yankee Jim's Turnpike - Lyon's Bridge and Road - Lake Pass (Dutch Flat) Wagon Road - Pacific Turnpike - Colfax and Forest Hill Toll-Road - Auburn and Forest Hill Turnpike - John Carlson.
Chapter 38: JOURNALISM. Reading For the Pioneers - Eastern Newspapers for California - The Placer Herald - Tabb Mitchell, J. A. Filcher - Placer Democrat - Death ofJohn Shannon - The Auburn Whig - The Placer Press - Hiram R. Hawkins - The Iowa Hills News - Mountain Courier - Placer Courier - Philip Lynch Iowa Hill Patriot - Dutch Flat Enquirer - Democratic Signal - A Deplorable Tragedy - The Union Advocate - The Stars and Stripes - Placer Weekly Argue - James B. McQuillan - T. Glancey - Dutch Flat Forum - Placer Times Colfax Enterprise - Mountain Echo - Roseville Farmer - The Advance The Caucasian - Tahoe Tattler - Placer Times.
Chapter 39: SOCIETIES. The Order of Freemasonry - Speculative Freemasonry Masonry On Pacific Coast - Remarkable Masonic Display - Grand Lodge of California - Masonry in Placer County - Eureka Lodge, No. 16 - Gold Hill Lodge, No. 72 - Michigan City Lodge, No. 47 - Illinoistown Lodge, No. 51 - Rising Sun Lodge, No. 83 - Wisconsin Hill Lodge, No. 74 - Clay Lodge, No. 101 Ionic Lodge, No. 121 - Granite Lodge, No. 222 - Tyre Lodge, No. 238 Penryn Lodge, No. 258 - O. W. Hollenbeck - Royal Arch Masons - Libanue Chapter, No. 17 - Olive Chapter, No. 23 - Delta Chapter, No. 27 - Siloam Chapter, No. 37 - Capt. Melvin S. Gardner - Order of the Eastern Star - Odd Fellow- ship in California - Odd Fellowship In Placer County - Auburn Lodge, No. 7 - Mountain Lodge, No. 14 - Placer Lodge, No. 38 - Washington Lodge, No. 40 - Minerva Lodge, No. 55 - Covenant Lodge, No. 73 - Olive Lodge, No. 81 - Valley Lodge, No. 107 - Colfax Lodge, No. 132 - Gold Run Lodge, No. 139 - Roseville Lodge, No. 203 - Order of Knights of Pythias - Washington Lodge No. 1 - Sons of Temperance - Independent Order of Good Templars - Improved Order of Red Men - Patrons of Husbandry - Ancient Order of United Workmen - War Veterans.
Chapter 40: CHURCH, BENCH, AND BAR. An Eloquent Sermon - A Financial Sermon - Church Organization - Mormonism in Auburn - James E. Hale - The Bench and Bar - The Judiciary - District Judges - Superior Judge - County Judges - District Attorneys - Attorneys Registered in Placer County - W. H. Bullock - C. A. Tuttle.
Chapter 41: THE CRIMINAL RECORD: The Rarity of Crime - The First Highway Robbery - Execution of Robert Scott - Scott's Last Words - Execution of Johnson at Iowa Hill - A Law-maker, Law-breaking - James Freeland Hanged - Execution of Joseph Bradley - Murder and Lynching at Auburn - Robbery and Battle - "Rattlesnake Dick" - Dick Changes His Location - The Robber Gang - Robert of Well's Fargo & Co's Express - Record of George Skinner Dick and a New Gang - Dick's Hatred of John C. Boggs - Escape From Jail - Robberies by the Gang - Phillips, of the Mountaineer House Mysterious Death of a Prisoner - Death of "Rattlesnake Dick" - An Affecting Letter - The Last of the Tragedy - Chinamen Slaughter a Family - The Chinese Expelled From Rocklin - Expedition After Ah Sam - Discovery and Death of the Murderer - Murder by Indians - Wrecking a Railroad Train Singular Reveration of Murder - A Tragic End - Homicides and Robberies.
Chapter 42: MILITARY. First Military Organization - The Miner's Guard - State Militia - Placer Rifles - The War of the Rebellion - "I Wish I Was In Dixie's Land" - First Company for the War - Camp Sigel - Defending Colonel Forman - Movements of the Volunteers - Murders by Secessionists - End of the War - Grand Army of the Republic.
Chapter 43: DESTROYED BY FIRE. Ophir Burned - Sundry Fires - Great Fires in Auburn - Iowa Hill Burned - Michigan Bluff Destroyed -Fires Again in Auburn Iowa Hill Again Burned - Dwelling Burned - Fire At Rattlesnake - Destructive Conflagrations in Auburn - Flouring-Mill Burned - Buildings Burned Hotels Burned at Rocklin - Fire at Auburn Depot - More Fires - Empire Mill Burned - Incendiary Fire in Auburn - Dwellings Burned - Hoisting Works Burned - Sawmill and Lumber Destroyed - Fire at Forest Hill - Destructive Fire at Dutch Flat - Round House and Locomotives Burned - Colfax in Ashes Residence of J. C. Boggs Burned - Hotel Burned - Incendiarism - Burning at Lincoln - Barn and Horses Burned - Serious Loss at Lincoln - Residence Destroyed - The Aggregate Loses - Later Fires in Auburn.
Chapter 44: REMINISCENCES OF ILLINOISTOWN. Site of Illinoistown - Alder Grove - Mining on the River - The Pioneer Settlers - Landing at Sacramento First Prospecting Experience - The Mining Lesson Learned - Generosity and Gratitude - Seeking Shelter - Indians - Dastardly Robbery and Bloodless Battle - Pursuit of the Indians - First Military Company Organized Campaign Against the Savages - A Frontier Picture - The Camp Receives its Name - The Pioneer Family - First Fruit Culture - Chivalrous Pioneers - Houses of Entertainment - Rescued From the Snow - An Exhausted Traveler - In the Spring of 1850 - Wing Dams in the River - Result of Mining - Early Physical Features - Pike County Represented.
Chapter 45: TOWNS AND LOCALITIES. Alta - Antelope - Applegate - Auburn - Great Fires - List of Losses - Incorporation of Auburn - A Railroad Town - Fare Reduced - A Business View - Old Settlers - Water Supply - Great Freshet William Ambrose - A. F. Boardman - James Borland - Dr. J. B. Crandall - C. C. Crosby - Alexander Lipsett - D. W. Lubeck - T. M. Todd, M. D. Antoine Canon - Barnes Bar - A Glimmer of the Great Rebellion - Barrett's Store A Death Struggle - Bath.
Chapter 46: TOWNS AND LOCALITIES. Bogus Thunder - Brushy Canon - Butcher Ranch - Cisco - Colfax - Darius V. Norton - Clipper Gap - Damascus - Deadwood - Dutch Flat - Henry A. Frost - Herman R. Hudepohl - Frytown - Duncan Canon - Fort Trojan - James W. Chinn - Gray Horse Canon - Humbug Canon -  Johnson's Ranch - Manzanita Grove - Newtown - Grizzly Flat - Lincoln - Peter Ahart - Isaac Stonecipher - Sheridan - Roger's Shed - Shirt-tail Canon - Sunny South - Emigrant Gap - Forest Hill - J. G. Garrison - William Rea Gold Hill - Gold Run -Iowa Hill - Dr. Oliver H. Petterson - Michigan Bluff Newcastle - Ophir - Penryn - Griffith Griffith - Placer County Granite - Elisha Grant - Rocklin - W. Dana Perkins - Roseville - Todd's Valley - First Shaft in Todd's Valley - Alfred A. Pond - Nicolas Quirolo - Wisconsin Hill - Yankee Jim's.
Chapter 47: RIVER BARS. VALLEYS. LAKES. ANIMALS. ETC. The Old River Bars Old Time Improvements - The Rivers in Their Purity - Along the Southern Boundary - The Hunter's Home - Tahoe City - Lake Tahoe - Lake Tahoe's Name - The Georgetown Snag - Mountain Lake - Mountain Peaks Mountain Valleys - Squaw Valley - French Meadows - Picayune Valley - Soda Springs Valley - American Valley - Animals - An Amphibian Mouse - Unclassified Big Trees - Mining on Bear River in 1849.
Chapter 48: Obituaries of Pioneers. Patrons Directory

Popular Vote Of Placer County, California 1851-1860

A Memorial and Biographical History of Northern California - Chicago, Lewis Publ. Co., 1891