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San Joaquin County History

An Illustrated history of San Joaquin County, California  - 
Chicago: Lewis Pub. Co., 1890, 661 pgs. 
pages 190- 202

A Memorial and Biographical History of Northern California
Chicago, Lewis Publ. Co., 1891 - Pages 223-226

History of San Joaquin County, California with Biographical Sketches
Historic Record Company, Los Angeles, CA - 1923

 

CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER I -  SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY THE GATEWAY OF THE VALLEY   33

The Valley Gateway—The Inland Sea—Nature, the Soil Builder—The Work Complete—The Spring Floods—The Tule Land—Fish Aplenty—The Underground Springs—A Climate Unsurpassed—Varieties of Soil.

CHAPTER II - THE  FIRST  LANDOWNERS.  38

Indians Everywhere Found—Name and Location of Tribes—Their Food Supply—Indians versus Bears — Physical Appearance—Indian Wikiups — Their Clothing — Courtship and Marriage— Woman's Degraded Position—Childbirth—Form of Government—Famous Chiefs—Estanislao, the Warrior Chief—His Fight with Soldiers—He Defeats General Vallejo—Jose Jesus, the White Man's Friend—The Indian's Religion—The Sweat House—The Ravages of Disease—A Night of Mourning—Disposal of Their Dead—A Sorrowing People—Calaveras River, How Named—An Extinct Race—A Brutal Law—The Barr Collection.

CHAPTER III -  THE DAWN OF CIVILIZATION   46

Moraga Discovers the San Joaquin Valley—Hunters and Trappers—The Trail of John C. Fremont —First Family in San Joaquin—Captain Charles M. Weber—El Campo de los Franceses— Weber's Treaty with the Indians—Indians Kill James Lindsay—The Murder Avenged—Gulnac Sells His Half of Grant—Weber Again Tries to Locate Settlers—Tuleberg's First Inhabitants— Indian Raids.

CHAPTER IV -  THE DISCOVERY OF GOLD   52

Marshall Discovers Gold—Great Excitement at Tuleberg—The Stockton Mining Company— Stockton's First Mercantile Store—The First Murder—The First Merchants—Christmas and July 4th—The Great Fire on Christmas, 1849—Stockton a Lively Burg—The Rush of '49—The Population of State, County and City.

CHAPTER V -  COUNTY  ORGANIZATION  AND LAND  GRANTS   57

The Mexican War—The Rush to California—First Constitutional Convention—Fight to Seat Delegates—San Joaquin County Elects Senators—The Van Buren-Fair Contest—Resignation of Assemblyman—Boundary of County—Origin of Name San Joaquin—The County Land Grants—-Settlers Fight with Southern Pacific—First County Election—Citizens Oppose Taxation—The People Score the Court—Creation of Townships—Staten Island—Efforts to Divide County—The Scheme a Failure—Court House Square and Title—The Court House and City Hall—The Old Time Dirt Roads—Beginning of Good Highways—The Father of Good Roads—The Educational Campaign—The Result.

CHAPTER VI - BUSINESS DAYS AND BUSINESS WAYS   74

The Rush to California—Mountain and Valley Population—The Magic City—Stockton's Business Center—Benjamin F. Cheatham—Importation and Exportation of Merchandise—Food Prices— Business Losses—Foreign Miners' Tax—Ships Block the Harbor—The Brig Adelaide—Great Fires in History—The Era of Frame Buildings—Fire of July 30, 1855—Fire of February, 1855—Fire Limit Ordinance—The Spectacular Fire of 1864—A Block of Fire Traps—A Horrible Death— Destruction of City Property—Building Progress—The First Up-to-Date Buildings—Merchants and Their Locations in 1864.

CHAPTER VII -  COMMERCIAL EVENTS UP TO 1869   85

South Stockton—The Pioneer Steamer—Criminal Neglect of Life—Explosion of Steamer Stockton —The American Eagle on Fire—The Mosquito Fleet—Excitement Over Steamboat Competition Merchants' Steamboat Company—The Project a Failure—Merchants’ Social Customs—State Telegraph Established—Stockton Boys Learn Telegraphy — An Enthusiastic Editor — Atlantic Cable Celebration—Advertisements and Boycotting—Early Auctioneers—A Wild Horse Sale—The Drayman on Duty.

CHAPTER VIII - EARLY  DAY  TRANSPORTATION   93

The Pioneer Ferryman—First River Ferry Boat—Heath & Emory Ferry—The Benson Ferry Tragedy—Woods Ferry—The Fighting Ferryman — The Staples Ferry—Bridges of County — Stockton the Mining Depot—The Mule of Commerce—A Pack Mule Train—First Freighting Business—The Mogul Teamsters—The Commission Merchants—China John—Prairie Schooners— Hauling Big Loads—Expert Mule Drivers—The Bell Mule Team—Heavy Freight Shipments— Miners Short of Food—The Road Stations—The Camping Ground—Highwaymen Hold Up Stages —Decrease of Mining Population—The Copper Excitement—Teamsters' Association—Marrying the Mountain Maids—Staging to the Mines—Fisher Brothers' Stage Line—The Live Yankee Stage Man—The Coaches and Routes—Overland Mail Line.

CHAPTER IX - JUSTICE  COURTS—SQUATTERS—MOB   LAW   105

Respect for Law—A Riot of Crime—Courts and Law—David S. Terry's First Duel—The Stocktons Alcaldes—Tragic Death of Alcalde Belt—Punishment for Crime—The Chain Gang—A Fake Shakespearean Actor—Judge Reynolds Holds Court in Saloon—The Prison Brig Susanna—Heavy Jail Expenses — Market Street Jail — Imperfect Land Titles — The First Squatters — A Rough-handed Proceeding—The Battle of Waterloo—The Comstock Affair—A Mob Law Court—Russell, the Sydney Duck—The Vigilance  Committee.

CHAPTER X - THE MAYOR AND THE COMMON COUNCIL   115

Necessity of Law—The Unfortunate Town Council—Preliminary City Government Meeting— Report on City Government—Judge Williams Orders an Election—A Nonpartisan Ticket—First City Election—Samuel Purdy and David S. Terry—The First City Survey—Laying Off a Big City—Naming the Streets—The Flood of 1852—Reception to Peter Rothenbush—The Bridgers and Diggers—Mayor Kenney's Administration—Assassination of William A. Brown—Disposal of the Dead—The City Burial Place—J. M. Burlington's Administration—The City Rents Property —Victory of the American Party—A Banker for Mayor—Deserting the Democratic Party— Mayor Bours' Farewell Message.

CHAPTER XI - THE VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT   126

The Fire Heroes—Social and Civic Leaders—Preliminary Organization of the Department—The First Hook and Ladder Truck—The Weber Bucket Company—Organization of Weber Engine Company—City Buys Fire Engine—Protection No. 1 Organized—Reorganization of Weber Company—The New Yorkers Secede—The Eurekas' Housewarming—The Button & Smith Engine—San Joaquin No. 3—The Firemen's Favorite Daughter—Presentation of Diamond Pin—A Gift of Banners—Howard Engine Company Visits Stockton—Eurekas Make a Return Visit— Patriotic Firemen—The Weber's Flag Pole—First Steam Fire Engine—Dedication of Engine House—The Horse-Drawn Steamer—The City Fire Wells—"Old Betsey"—Members of Weber Engine Company—The Young Fire Volunteers—Water Playing Contests—Eureka Members— Marshall Hook and Ladder—Members of Protection No. 1 — The Eureka Serenaders — The Double-Deck Engines—The Eureka Association—Eureka Steam Fire Engine—"The Day We Celebrate"—Decoration of Graves—The Fire Bell—The Babcock Chemical Engine—San Francisco Exempts Visit Stockton—Stockton Exempts—Bad Morale of Fire Department—The Paid Department in  Politics—The Splendid  Department of Today.

CHAPTER XII -  TEN YEARS OF DEMOCRACY   142

California a Free State—The Congressional Fight—The Slavery Question—First County Convention—Ben F. Moore, Lawyer and Fighter—Purdy Whips an Editor—Party Hatred—Sheriff Nominees and Election—Democratic Convention of 1853—Campaign Speakers at Stockton—The Bigler Campaign—George Kerr, State Printer—The American or Know-Nothing Party—The Campaign of 1855—Terry Deserts His Party—The Know-Nothing Victory—Henry A. Crabb— His Tragic Death—Judge Weir, the Filibuster—Crabb's Fugitive Slave Law—The Sale of a Slave —David S. Terry Stabs Hopkins—The Democratic Rallying Song—United Whigs and Democrats—The Republican State Organization—Republican County Organization—First Republican County Ticket—Democrats Again Win—An Exciting Campaign—The United Democracy— Terry's Abusive Speech—The Republican Convention—Reception to Latham—The Death of Broderick—The Farcical Murder Trial of Terry.

CHAPTER XIII - THE FOREIGN POPULATION   154

America the Melting Pot—Stockton's Foreign Population—The Mexican People—The Mexican Home—Occupation of the Men—Expert Horsemen and Thieves—Joaquin Murietta—Organization of Outlaws—The Capture and Death of Murietta—The Fandango or Spanish Dance—The Cascarone Ball—Hanging of Judas—The Flour Battle—Rooster Pulling—Jewish Occupations and Characteristics—Building a Synagogue—A Hebrew Marriage—The Jewish Place of Burial—The Oppenheimer Duel—The Jewish Reform Movement—Dedication of the Temple—Arrival of Chinese—An Outrageous Affair—Burning of Chinatown—Persecution of Chinese—A Tong War—The Joss House—A Chinese Funeral—The Chinese New Year.                       

CHAPTER XIV - THE PROGRESS OF CHRISTIANITY   164

The First Sermon Preached in Stockton—Arrival of Protestant Pastors—A Noisy Church Service—Whisky Barrels for Seats—Organization of the Church—Captain Weber Donates a Lot— Dedication of Church—A Strenuous Life—A Handsome Brick Church—The Presbyterian Choir— East Side Presbyterian Church—Grace Methodist Episcopal Church—Christian Church or Disciples of Christ—The Church Choir—The Congregationalists—Celebration of Forefathers Day— First Baptist Church—Elder Knapp—A Baptist Church Secession—The Episcopalians—St. Mary's Catholic Church—San Joaquin Cemetery—Memorial to Father O'Connor—Central Methodist Church—People's Temple—German Churches—Colored Congregations—Unitarian Society— The  Christian   Science   Church—The   Hindu  Temple.

CHAPTER XV - SAVED TO THE UNION   178

Slavery and State's Rights—Secession Threats—Birth of the Republican Party—New Year's Day, 1860—City Election of 1860—The Fourth of July, 1860—State and National Democratic Conventions—Abraham Lincoln for President—Local Campaign of 1860—Election of 1860—Talk of a Pacific Republic—Bear and Secession Flags—Washington's Birthday—Secession News from the South—War News and City Election—The Famous Woodbridge Meeting—Republican County Convention—The Fourth of July, 1861—The Secessionist Pastor—State Democratic Convention— Budd-Underhill Debate—Exciting Meetings at Woodbridge and Liberty—Tyler's Assault on Budd—Republican Campaign Eve of Election—Union Men Rejoice—County Convention—Hook's Sensational Speech—Union Clubs Formed—News of Gettysburg and Vicksburg—Campaign of 1863—Fall of Atlanta—State Campaign of 1864—Loyal Business Men—Close of the War— Assassination of Lincoln.

CHAPTER XVI - HOTELS OF OTHER DAYS   192

Baltimore House—Eagle Hotel—Dickenson House—Stockton House—The Magnolia—New York Hotel—Crescent City Hotel—Golden Lion Hotel—The Gault House—United States Hotel-----Stockton Bakery Hotel—The Cottage Home—The Weber House—The Yosemite House—Hotel Stockton and Hotel Clark.

 

CHAPTER XVII - NEWSPAPERS OF YESTERDAY AND TODAY   197

       Stockton Journal―San Joaquin Republican―Stockton Argus―The Duelling Editor―Daily Evening Herald―Minor Newspaper Publications―Daily Leader―Stockton

       Independent―Stockton Evening Mail―Commercial Record―Stockton Daily Record―The Mail's Graveyard.

 

CHAPTER XVIII - THE MILITIA AND THE PATRIOT   206

      First July 4th Celebration―Death of Henry Clay―Stockton Blues―Stockton Union Guard―Col. E. D. Baker―Capt. Weber the Patriot―Third Regiment Calls Volunteers―Sanitary

      Commission Fair―Stockton Dragoons―Stockton's Light Artillery Company―Organization of Stockton Guards―Guards Honored by General Grant―Stockton Rifle Cadets―Emmet

      Guard―St. Aloysius Cadets―Moquelemos Grant War―Centennial Celebration, 1876―Ex-President Grant Visits Stockton―Off For the War―President McKinley's Visit―Torpedo

      Boats Visit Stockton―The Liberty Bell―Home Welcoming.

 

CHAPTER XIX - HISTORY AND PROGRESS OF EDUCATION   224

      Stockton Academy―Stockton Female Seminary―Dr. Hunt's Seminary―St. Agnes Academy and Catholic Schools―State Public School Law―Organization of Public Schools―

      Stockton's First Public School Building―First Board of School Commissioners and Teachers―Early Education―First School Piano―May Day Celebration―Negro School

      Dedication―Music in the Schools―Need for More Schools―Irregular Textbooks―A New School Era―High Schools―Union District Schools.

 

CHAPTER XX - THE BUILDING OF RAILROADS   244

     First Railroad Convention―Congress Takes Action―The Last Spike―Stockton's First Passenger Train―Western Pacific Railroad―Copperopolis Road―San Joaquin Valley

      Railroad―Governor Stanford's Proposition―Stockton and Visalia Railroad―Projected Road to Visalia―Tesla Coal Road―Claus Spreckels' Railroad―Celebrating the Valley Road―

      Santa Fe Overland Railroad―The Western Pacific.

 

CHAPTER XXI - SECRET AND BENEVOLENT ORGANIZATIONS   257

      San Joaquin Lodge No. 19, F. & A.M.―Morning Star Lodge, No. 68, F. & A.M.―Delta Lodge No. 471, F. & A.M.―Stockton Lodge No. 498, F. & A.M.―York Rite Bodies―Home

      Chapter No. 50, O.E.S.―Golden Poppy Chapter No. 355, O.E.S.―Stockton Chapter No. 373, O.E.S.―Masonic Events―Masonic Temple―Charity Lodge No. 6, I.O.O.F.―Stockton

      Lodge No. 11, I.O.O.F.―Truth Lodge No. 55, I.O.O.F.―The Rebekah Degree―Lebanon Lodge―Rainbow Lodge No. 97―Canton Ridgely No. 15―Odd Fellow Hall and Building―

      Grand Lodge Convenes at Stockton―The Traveler―Visit of the Grand Sire―Odd Fellows' Cemetery―The City Silent―Montezuma Tribe No. 18, I.O.R.M.―Knights of Pythias―

      Uniform Rank No. 5, K. of P.―San Joaquin County Pioneers―The Second Pioneer Society―Pioneer Hall―Grand Army of the Republic―Stockton Post G.A.R.―Rawlins Post G.A.R.

      ―First Memorial Day Observation―Obtaining Money for Gridley Fund―Dedication of the Gridley Monument―Women's Relief Corps―Stockton Parlor No. 7, N.S.G.W.―San

      Joaquin Parlor No. 5, N.D.G.W.

 

CHAPTER XXII - COURTS AND CRIMINALS   275

      Hanging of "Mickey Lyons"―Execution of a Mexican―Highwayman Tom Bell―Washington Garden Murder―Tragedy at Medina's―Murder of a City Official―Swaney

      Poisoning Case―Executed for Stealing Horses―Cold-Blooded Murderer Eleyea―The Law's Delay―Murder at the "Snug"―Crosson's Murder of Ford―Black Bart.

 

CHAPTER XXIII - POST AND RAILROAD TOWNS   285

      French Camp―Ripon―Ripon Finch Murder―Manteca―Lathrop―Murder of David S. Terry―Farmington―Clements―Lockeford―Collegeville―Thornton―Navigation on

      Mokelumne River―First Steamer to Lockeford―Woodbridge―Woodbridge Academy―Mokelumne City―Linden―Linden Flour Mill―Escalon―Ellis―Tracy―Tracy Carnival.

 

CHAPTER XXIV - LODI, THE TOKAY CITY   304

      Pioneer Building―Big Fire of 1887―Lodi Hall Association―Lodi Lodge, I.O.O.F.―Flora Rebekah Lodge, No. 162―Knights of Pythias―Chosen Friends―4th of July, 1885―

      Hartford Post, G.A.R.―Moquelemos Grant Celebration―Salem District School―Emerson School―Union High School―Methodist Episcopal Church―Burning of the Church―

      Congregational Church―Episcopalians―Incorporation of Lodi―First City Officers―Water Works and City Hall―Lodi Fire Department―Lodi Press―Post Office―Lodi's

      Progressive Banks―Tokay Carnival―Lodi Brass Bands―Lodi Prohibition Movement―Women's Improvement Club―Woman's Club House―Carnegie Library―The Heroic Dead

      ―Armistice Celebration.

 

CHAPTER XXV - AGRICULTURE - HORTICULTURE - MANUFACTURERS   317

      Land Acreage and Price―Fencing the Land―Plowing the Field―Harvesting the Crop―Wheat Transportation and Prices―A Few Figures―Farming Machinery Inventions―

      From Reaper to Combined Harvester―The Grange Movement―Delta or Peat Lands―Beginning of Reclamation―Shiftless Farmers and Thrifty Farmers―Horticulture―Stockton

      a Manufacturing City―Manufacturers of Food Products―Blacksmiths and Wagonmakers―Tanneries and Leather Workers―Paper Mill Products―Woolen Mill―Stockton Iron

      Works―Shipbuilding―Agricultural Machinery―National Carton Works―Cigar Manufacture.

 

CHAPTER XXVI - MOSAICS OF HISTORY   329

      Miscellaneous newspaper clippings.