California Genealogy and History Archives
Santa Cruz County History
HISTORY OF SANTA CRUZ COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
E. S. Harrison, Pacific Press Publ. Co., San Francisco, 1891
PREFACE. - If I should write a preface, it would be an apology; and work that needs an apology should never have been done; therefore I will not write a preface.
INDEX TO CONTENTS.
PART I. (History) - PART II. (in Biographies section.)
CHAPTER I. - THE EARLY HISTORY OF SANTA CRUZ COUNTY. pages 17 to 27
Possible Origin of the Aztec Civilization—First Discovery of the Bay of Monterey—Reference to Father Crespi's Diary of the First Journey of Europeans in California—Arrival of Father Junipero Serra, Rediscovery of the Bay of Monterey, and Establishment of San Carlos Mission—Founding of the Santa Cruz Mission—Mission Life as Told by the Records--Secularization and Decay of the Missions—The Civilization Established by the Franciscans Contrasted with the Civilization of the Puritans—Is It a Survival of the Fittest—The Transition Period Immediately Preceding the Days of '49
CHAPTER II.- THE EARLY HISTORY OF SANTA CRUZ COUNTY. pages 28 to 44 BY E. L. WILLIAMS.
Chinese Vessels Seen on This Coast in 1541—Data from the "Hackluyt Society" of London—Cabrillo's and Viscaino's Voyages—How Monterey Was Named—Supposition That California Was an Island—Queer Animals Described—A Wreck off Point Reyes 1595—In 1606 the King of Spain Directed That Another Voyage Be Made to California; No Record That It Was Ever Made—Discovery of Gold in California 200 Years before the Beginning of This Century—Other Matters of Interest in the Decree of 1606---The Portola Overland Expedition of 1796—Translation of Father Crespi's Diary of the Trip through What Is Now Santa Cruz County—They Mire in the Swamps of Castroville—Discovery and Naming of the Pajaro River—First Discovery of California Redwood—They Cross Aptos and Soquel Creeks—They Cross and Name the Lorenzo River, and Camp Where Santa Cruz Now Stands—Description of Their Journey Northward—The Expedition Discovers the Bay of San Francisco—They Return and Again Pass the Bay of Monterey without Recognizing It—Government Orders for the Establishment of Branciforte—The Place Is Named after the Viceroy of Spain—Population of Branciforte in 1835.
CHAPTER III.- NARRATIVE OF A MISSION INDIAN, ETC. pages 45 to 58
[Translated from an interview in 1890, by E. L. Williams.]
Born and Educated in the Mission—A Member of the Choir—How They Worked—Indian Tribes and Indian Terms—Reminiscences—A Chapter from the Work of Perouse—Description of the Country and Mission San Carlos—Natural History of the Country—Pious Conduct of the Monks—Description of the Indians and Their Habits—Religious Belief of the Aborigines
CHAPTER IV. - RECOLLECTIONS OF FORTY YEARS IN SANTA CRUZ COUNTY. pages 59 to 69 BY ED. MARTIN
Population of the Country in 1850—Characteristics of the Natives—Lumber at $200 a M and Potatoes at Sixteen Cents a Pound—Social, Political, and Religious Customs, etc.—The Growth and Progress of the County in 1860—Land Titles—Improvements and Manufacturing—Condition of the Public Buildings—Paper Mills, Powder Mills, and Tanneries—Railroads—Santa Cruz County Loses a Part of Her Territory—Population of the County in 1870—Watsonville Thrives—The Public Schools Then and Now—Growth of the County Since 1880—The Pioneers and the Romans—The Gilt Rubbed off Bret Harte's Romances—The Days of Old, the Days of Gold, the Days of '49
CHAPTER V.- REMINISCENCES, ANECDOTE, AND INCIDENT. pages 69 to 89
Tales from the Alcalde's Record—Humorous Incidents in Judge Gaffey's Court—Judge Watson Successfully Defends a Horse Thief—Some of Wm. F. White's Anecdotes—Johnnie James and "Old Potter"—An Early Game of Monte—Felipe Gonzales and the "Path Finder"—One Night in a Barroom—Some First Events—The First Poll List—Officers of Santa Cruz County from 1850 to 1891—Nomenclature of the County—A Rodeo—Relic of Early Days—Journalism in Santa Cruz County
CHAPTER VI. - GEOLOGY OR THE ANCIENT HISTORY OF SANTA CRUZ. pages 90 to 97 BY C. L. ANDERSON.
Leaves of the Ancient Book: Granite, Metamorphic, Limestone, Sandstone, Shale, Conglomerate or Drift; Description of Each—How and Where to Study Them—The Ice Age—Ancient Relics—"Speak to the Earth and It Shall Teach Thee"
CHAPTER VII.- THE GARDENS OF THE SEASHORE. pages 98 to 110 BY C. L. ANDERSON.
Organic Forms, and the Beginnings of Life in the Sea—The Cell, and Forms of Plants—Their Ancient Existence in the Older Rocks—Their Modes of Growth—The Profusion of Life in the Sea in Early Times—Transformations and Minds of Plant Life—System, Beauty, and Poetry of Nature—How to Become Acquainted with the Things That Grow in These Gardens—Where and When to Find Them—Description of Algae—Origin of the Word—The Four Groups of Algae, and Where They Grow—Classification and Description of Some of the More Common Kinds under Each Group or Genus—A Five O'clock Morning Visit to One of These Gardens at Low Tide —How and When and Where to Enjoy Such a Visit to the Gardens and That Wonderful and Ancient Gardener Nerus
CHAPTER VIII. - THE FISHES OF MONTEREY BAY. pages 111 to 117 BY C. L. ANDERSON.
Some of the More Important Fishes Used as Food—The Great Number and Variety—Physical Character of this Bay —Elements for Sustaining a Large Number of Fish and Other Animals—A List of Names with Notes
CHAPTER XI. - ANNOTATED LIST OF THE LAND AND WATER BIRDS OF SANTA CRUZ COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. pages 136 to 143 BY R. C. McGREGOR AND E. H. FISKE.
Scientific and Common .Names, with Copious Notes as to Residence, Visits, Nesting, and Other Habits
Bird Language—The Shooting of Birds—Want of Attention to Their Notes and Language—Law for Their Protection—Selection of a Bird Choir—Some of the Most Noted Singers—Their Common Names, with Reference by Number to McGregor and Fiske's List
CHAPTER XIII. - GENERAL DESCRIPTION. pages 151 to 174
Geography and Topography of Santa Cruz County—The City of Santa Cruz—Its Leading Enterprises—Capitola‑--The Big Basin—Ben Lomond, Boulder Creek, and Felton—Big Trees, Highland, and Skyland—Soquel—Aptos—Twin Lakes—Pajaro Valley—Watsonville—Camp Goodall—Wild Flowers—Railroads of the County
CHAPTER XIV. - GENERAL DESCRIPTION. pages 175-199
Agriculture - Viticulture - Santa Cruz Mountain Winery - Ben Lomond Wine Company - Union Vineyard - Horticulture - Olives in Santa Cruz County - Lake Farm - The Owen Cherry Orchard - Hops - D. D. Wilder's Dairy - Stock Raising - The Thompson Stock Ranch - Manufacturing - Loma Prieta Lumber Co. - The Aptos Mill - White & De Hart's Mill - Grover & Co. - Cunningham & Co. - Santa Cruz Lumber Co. - Western Beet Sugar Co. - South Coast Paper Mill - The Corralitos Paper Mill
CHAPTER XIV. (con't.) - GENERAL DESCRIPTION. pages 200-223
The California Powder Works - Lime - S. Martinelli's Cider and Soda Works - Tanneries - Mining - Educational and Social Features - Public Schools of Santa Cruz County - The Pajaro Valley Orphan Asylum. - Chesnutwood's Business College - Shorthand and Typewriting Institute - W. C. T. U. of Santa Cruz County -
The School of the Holy Cross - Churches - The Catholic Church - The Christian Church.- The First Baptist Church - The Presbyterian Church - First Congregational Church - Santa Cruz M. E. Church - Societies - Santa Cruz Lodge F. & A. M., No. 38 - The Banjo Club - Santa Cruz City Water System - Santa Cruz, Garfield Park and Capitola Electric Ry - The Hihn Co. - Pajaro Valley Nursery. - Loma Alta Farm - Corralitos Water Works and Watsonville Electric Light Works - Prof. Whitney's Electro-Therapeutic Baths