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California Genealogy and History Archives

Occupations of Days Gone By

 

  1. Accomptant - Accountant
  2. Almoner - Giver of charity
  3. Amanuensis - Secretary or stenographer
  4. Artificer - A soldier mechanic who does repairs
  5. Bailie - Bailiff
  6. Baxter- Baker
  7. Bluestocking - Female writer
  8. Boniface - Keeper of an inn
  9. Brazier - One who works with brass
  10. Brewster - Beer manufacturer
  11. Brightsmith - Metal worker
  12. Burgonmaster - Mayor
  13. Caulker - One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hemp fiber produced by taking old ropes apart.
  14. Chaisemaker - Carriage maker
  15. Chandler - Candle maker; grocery retailer; dealer or trader.
  16. Chiffonnier - Ragpicker; wig maker
  17. Clark - Clerk
  18. Cohen -  Priest
  19. Collier - Coal miner
  20. Colporteur - Peddler of books
  21. Cooper -  One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves and hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
  22. Cordwainer - Made shoes, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain.
  23. Costermonger - Peddler of fruits and vegetables
  24. Crocker - Potter
  25. Crowner - Coroner
  26. Currier -  One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease
  27. Docker - Stevedore
  28. Dowser - Water finder, used a rod or stick
  29. Draper -  A dealer in dry goods
  30. Drayman - One who drives a long cart without fixed sides
  31. Dresser - A surgeonís assistant
  32. Drover - One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market
  33. Duffer - Peddler
  34. Factor - Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate
  35. Farrier - A blacksmith
  36. Fell monger - One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making
  37. Fletcher - Made bows and arrows
  38. Fuller - Cleaned and finished cloth
  39. Glazier - Window glassman
  40. Goaler - Jailer
  41. Hacker - Made hoes
  42. Hatcheler - Combed or carded flax
  43. Haymonger -  Dealer in hay
  44. Hayward - Keeper of fences
  45. Higgler - Itinerant peddler
  46. Hillier - Tiled roofs
  47. Hind - Farm laborer
  48. Hooker - Reaper
  49. Hooper - Made hoops for casks and barrels
  50. Hostler (or Ostler) - Groomed horses
  51. Husbandman - Farmer who cultivated the land
  52. Huckster - Sold small wares
  53. Jagger - Fish peddler
  54. Journeyman - One who has served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft
  55. Joyner/Joiner - Skilled carpenter
  56. Keeler - Bargeman
  57. Kempster - Wool comber
  58. Lardner - Leather maker
  59. Lavender -  Washer woman
  60. Lederer - Leather maker
  61. Leech or Sawbones - Physician
  62. Lormer - Maker of horse gear
  63. Malender - Farmer
  64. Maltster - Brewer
  65. Manciple - Steward
  66. Mintmaster - Issued local currency
  67. Monger - Seller of goods
  68. Muleskinner - Teamster (one who drives a team for hauling)
  69. Neatherder - Herds cows
  70. Ordinary Keeper - Innkeeper with fixed prices
  71. Pattern Maker - Maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end.
  72. Peregrinator - Itinerant wanderer
  73. Peruker - Wigmaker
  74. Pettifogger - Shyster lawyer
  75. Pigman - Crockery dealer
  76. Plumber - One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows
  77. Porter - Door keeper
  78. Puddler - Wrought iron worker
  79. Pumbum Worker - Plumber
  80. Quarrier - Quarry worker
  81. Rattlewatch - Town watchman
  82. Rigger - Hoist tackle worker
  83. Ripper - Seller of fish
  84. Roper - Maker of rope or net
  85. Saddler - Maker of saddles, also does repairs
  86. Sawbones or Leech - Physician
  87. Sawyer - One who saws; carpenter
  88. Schumacker - Shoemaker
  89. Scribler - A minor or worthless author
  90. Scrivener - Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public
  91. Scrutiner - Election judge
  92. Shrieve - Sheriff
  93. Slater - Roofer
  94. Slopseller - Seller of ready-make clothes in a slop shop
  95. Snobscat/Snob- Repaired shoes
  96. Sorter - Tailor
  97. Spinster - Woman who spins or an unmarried woman
  98. Spurrer - Made spurs
  99. Squire - Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace
  100. Stuffgownsman - Junior barrister
  101. Supercargo - Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship.
  102. Tanner - One who tans (cures) animal hides.
  103. Tapley - Puts the tap in an ale cask
  104. Tasker - Reaper
  105. Teamster - One who drives a team for hauling (or Muleskinner)
  106. Thatcher - Roofer
  107. Tide Waiter - Customs inspector (or Waiter)
  108. Tinker - An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman
  109. Tipstaff - Policeman
  110. Travers - Toll bridge collection
  111. Tucker - Cleaner of cloth goods
  112. Turner - Person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles.
  113. Victualer - Tavern keeper, or one who provides and army, navy, or ship with food.
  114. Vulcan - Blacksmith
  115. Wagoner - Teamster not for hire.
  116. Wainwright - Wagon maker
  117. Waiter - Customs officer or Tide Waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in.
  118. Webster - Operated looms
  119. Wharfinger - Owner of a wharf
  120. Wheelwright - Made or repaired wheels (carriages, etc)
  121. Whitesmith - Tinsmith, worker of iron who polishes or finishes the work.
  122. Whitewig - Street sweeper
  123. Whitster - Bleacher of cloth
  124. Wright - Workman, especially a construction worker.
  125. Yeoman - Farmer who owns his own land.