Manitoba is the oldest of the Western Provinces, and its
capital city, Winnipeg, is the chief marketing centre for their
products. Manitoba first produced grain for export in 1876.
the province produces annually upwards of 100 million
bushels of grain and over 30 million pounds of butter, besides
agricultural products, while more than 2 million head of
livestock populate its farms. Notwithstanding this tremendous
development, there is still room for expansion.
Only a small area in the southwest is true prairie. The land
from level to gently rolling, with some scattered low ranges
5 up to about 2,600 feet. Considerable timber grows on
these elevations and here are established Government Timber
Reserves where, under proper regulation, farmers obtain cheap
lumber for their buildings, fencing and wood for fuel.
Eliminating the small area of prairie land in the southwest
corner, which is quite well settled, one may divide the soils and
settlements of Manitoba into four groups:
1. Della Lands.-Deep clay and loam soils extending widely
on either side of the Red River from the International Boundary
to Lake Winnipeg and northwesterly through the Portage Plains
to Gladstone. Rich and fertile as any on the continent, these
lands are practically all occupied. Grains of all kinds including
corn are easily grown, but those engaged in mixed farming also
raise fodder crops, potatoes and roots. Dairying also is exten-
sively practised. Some opportunities exist for settlers prepared
to purchase, but a fair amount of capital is required.
2. Park Lands comprise the areas between Lakes Manitoba
and Winnipegosis on the East and the Western boundary of the
province, and include the Dauphin and Swan River Valleys.
Most of these lands are, or have been quite heavily wooded. Soil
conditions vary from heavy black loam to some lighter sandy
soils. Coarse grains flourish and wheat is a staple crop. Culti-
vated pastures are much above the average, and on open land
wild hay abounds. These are ideal mixed farming districts, with
room for many families able to start with reasonable capital
3. Interlake Country, mainly between Lakes Winnipeg and
Manitoba, is a partly open and partly wooded very level country.
The soil is not usually deep, and in places additional drainage is
required. Most of this area is sparsely settled and it is recom-
mended to those who have little capital, but are experienced with
livestock and willing to make a humble start.
4. Northern Areas, east of Lake Winnipeg and north of that
lake and Lake Winnipegosis; mostly well wooded but rough
country not immediately suited to agricultural development.
Manitoba has an abundance of cheap electric energy favor-
able industrial activity, large pulp and lumber developments,
great fresh water
fisheries and numerous lesser industries which
secure home markets for farm products.