Canadian Military Heritage Project - Find your military ancestors!

Canadian Military Heritage Project
FIND YOUR MILITARY ANCESTORS!

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Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your French Indian Wars ancestorsFrench-Indian Wars 17th Century
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your American Revolution (Revolutionary War) Loyalist & Patriot ancestorsAmerican Revolution 1775 - 1783
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for yourWar of 1812 ancestorsWar of 1812 1812 - 1814
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Rebellion of 1837 ancestorsRebellion of 1837 1837 - 1838
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Fenian Raids ancestorsFenian Raids 1866 & 1870
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Red River Rebellion ancestorsRed River Rebellion 1869 - 1870
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Nile Expedition ancestorsNile Expedition 1884
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your NorthWest Rebellion ancestorsNorth West Rebellion 1885
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Boer War ancestorsSouth African War (Boer War) 1899 - 1902
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your WW I ancestorsWWI 1914 - 1919
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your WW1 & Siberian ancestorsSiberian Expeditionary Force 1918 - 1919
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Spanish Civil War ancestors Spanish Civil War
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your WW 2 ancestorsWW II 1939 - 1945
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Korean War ancestorsKorean War 1950 - 1953
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Vietnam War ancestorsVietnam War
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Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your War against Terrorism ancestorsWar in Afghanistan 2001
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Find Your Canadian Military Ancestor

Many of the records listed below are those held by the National Archives of Canada. The NAC is not the only source when researching a military ancestor, and we will be adding information to this page as we acquire it. Please scroll down to the War of interest.
Pre-First World War Canadian Military Records
Except for the South African War, detailed personnel records for the Canadian military were not kept prior to the First World War. Earlier records consist mainly of muster rolls and paylists, which contain little or no personal information. As most are not indexed, the regiment must be known before you can attempt a search. If you know your ancestor's place of residence, you might find references to his service in the militia rolls for that county. Most of these lists are found within the NAC Department of Militia and Defence series (RG 9), parts of which are available on microfilm.

American Revolution - Loyalists 1775-1783
Type of Record Location of Record Ordering Information Comments
British Military and Naval Records Collection National Archives of Canada RG 8, "C" Series References located in the index provide a brief description of the document, date, "C" series volume number and a page number. To consult the actual document, locate the volume number on the separate list of microfilm reel numbers. The nominal/subject card index and the series itself are available through the inter-institutional loan arrangement. Includes references to the British army in Canada and the Canadian Militia Available on ILL
Land Petitions for Quebec and Lower Canada, 1764-1841 National Archives of Canada RG 1 L 3L Finding Aid 1801, a nominal card index, serves as a means of access to the Land Petitions in RG 1, L 3 L for Quebec and Lower Canada, c. 1764-1841, and the Gaspé Land Commission records in RG 1, L 7, volumes 79-80. For records of the Province of Canada, 1841-1867, see the Upper Canada Land Index (Finding Aid 1802).
Land Petitions for Upper Canada (Ontario) and the United Province of Canada 1791-1867 National Archives of Canada RG 1 L 3 Finding Aid 1802, a nominal card index known as the Upper Canada Land Index serves both the Land Books (Minutes of the Land Committee) in RG 1, L 1 and the Land Petitions in RG 1, L 3, for the provinces of Upper Canada, 1791-1841, and Canada, 1841-1867. The index was microfilmed in 1981 on reels C-10810 to C-10836; supplementary entries were microfilmed in 1991, on reels H-1976 to H-1978.
Land Petitions Nova Scotia and New Brunswick Provincial Archives NS and NB   The provincial archives in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick hold collections of land petitions for those provinces.
Petitions for land National Archives of Canada microfilm reels C-2222 & C-1476. Many Loyalists and their descendants submitted petitions for land, especially those who settled in Upper Canada (Ontario).
Claims for losses to the British government National Archives of Canada MG 14, Audit Office 12 and 13 The claims contain details about former place of residence, income, property, details of military service, etc.A nominal index is available on microfilm reel C-9821. Available on ILL
Provision lists and muster rolls National Archives of Canada MG 21 These Loyalist volumes, and the nominal index to them, are available on microfilm reel C-1475. papers of Sir Frederick Haldimand Available on ILL
Muster rolls of Loyalist regiments National Archives of Canada collection of British Military and Naval Records (RG 8, "C" Series) Available on ILL
Applications for Pensions for Widows and Children of Loyalist Officers, 1755-1908 Family History Library W.O. 42), arranged alphabetically on eight rolls of microfilm (FHL film nos. 857997—858000 and 866501—866504). Available at local FHC
Haldimand, Sir Frederick : The Haldimand Papers - his papers and correspondence from 1758-1784. Available as 115 reels of microfilm from the NAC or as selected records on 50 reels of diffusion microfilm from the Ontario Archives [NA MG 21, G2]
United Empire Loyalist Lists [NA RG 1, L7 Vol 52a] on C-2222 from the Ontario Archives
District Loyalist Rolls [NA RG 1, L7 Vol 52b] - transcript on MS803 at the Ontario Archives
First Heir & Devisee Commission 1797 - 1804 [NA RG 1, L5] Available at the Ontario Archives. The H & D Commission adjudicated disputed land claims and titles. Submitted documentation from heirs of original locatees can include location tickets, copies of wills, mortgages, affidavits, and testimonial letters.
Township Papers [RG Series C-IV] - These are arranged by concession and lot and deal mostly with the original locatees. They sometimes contain other Crown Land records and can include location tickets, assignments, certificate of settlement duties and correspondence. Available at the Ontario Archives
Orders in Council [RG 1, Series C-1-2] If the original Land Petition is missing, it may be found in this series which is arranged alphabetically by grantee or place

See Olive Tree Genealogy Loyalists for Military Muster Rolls

National Archives of Canada is online at http://www.archives.ca

War of 1812
Type of Record Location of Record Ordering Information Comments
British Military and Naval Records Collection NAC RG 8, "C" Series References located in the index provide a brief description of the document, date, "C" series volume number and a page number. To consult the actual document, locate the volume number on the separate list of microfilm reel numbers. The nominal/subject card index and the series itself are available through the inter-institutional loan arrangement. Includes references to the British army in Canada and the Canadian Militia

National Archives of Canada pre WW 1 Military Records

Fenian Raids 1866, 1870
Type of Record Location of Record Ordering Information Comments
Medal registers National Archives of Canada RG 9 II A 5 The medal registers are indexed. You can request a search by sending the NAC a written inquiry.

National Archives of Canada pre WW 1 Military Records

Red River Rebellion 1870
Type of Record Location of Record Ordering Information Comments
Medal registers National Archives of Canada RG 9 II A 5 The medal registers are indexed. You can request a search by sending the NAC a written inquiry.

National Archives of Canada pre WW 1 Military Records

North West Rebellion 1885
Type of Record Location of Record Ordering Information Comments
Medal registers National Archives of Canada RG 9 II A 5 The medal registers are indexed. You can request a search by sending the NAC a written inquiry.

National Archives of Canada pre WW 1 Military Records

South African War 1899-1902
Type of Record Location of Record Ordering Information Comments
Medal registers National Archives of Canada RG 9 II A 5 The medal registers nd the South African War records are indexed. You can request a search by sending the NAC a written inquiry.
Service files for members of the Canadian forces National Archives of Canada RG 38 volumes 1-116 These records, which are arranged in alphabetical order, are available on microfilm through the inter-institutional loan arrangement.

Search the South African Boer War Database for your Canadian Military Ancestor

You may also find your ancestor's name in the Books of Remembrance in the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa Ontario, and now online.

National Archives of Canada pre WW 1 Military Records

First World War Military Records

The First World Records can be found in RG 9, Records of Militia and Defence, Series III, and RG 150, Records of the Overseas Military Forces of Canada. In addition to the War Diaries the NAC has the following records:

  • RG 9, III-A-2, Canadian Sections at General Headquarters
  • RG 9, III-A-3, CEF, Siberian Force
  • RG 9, III-C-1 to 15, War Diaries for all units (infantry, artillery,
  • RAF, Forestry, Medical, Service) RG 9, III-D , Records of the Canadian War Records Office
  • RG 150, II-1, Daily Part II Orders, 29.7 metres
  • RG 150, II-2, Attestation Papers, 72.9 m
  • RG 150, II-3, CEF Personnel Files, 3,205.2 m
  • RG 150, II-6, Sailing Lists, 7.4m

The NAC holds a very large collection of First World War material. Only the War Diaries have been microfilmed and the rest must be viewed at the National Archives.

The Canadian Virtual War Memorial is an online searchable database of all soldiers killed in the First and Second World War. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission assisted in making these records available to Veteran's Affairs Canada.

You can also search the CEF database online at the National Archives of Canada for your ancestor, then send for his/her record of service. Do not send by email as that only gives you the Attestation Papers and not the full record. The full record is only available when ordering via FAX or snail. Addresses are provided by the NAC at their online site.

Application Form for Post World War 1 Military Service Information (at the NAC)

You may also find your ancestor's name in the Books of Remembrance, in the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa Ontario and available online.

Last Post on the Web Over 65,000 names of Canadian War Veterans

National Archives of Canada WW1 Records Searchable Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) database

Second World War Military Records

The Canadian Virtual War Memorial is an online searchable database of all soldiers killed in the First and Second World War. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission assisted in making these records available to Veteran's Affairs Canada.

You may also find your ancestor's name in the Books of Remembrance, held in the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa Ontario, and available online. Choose Records & Collections

Last Post on the Web Over 65,000 names of Canadian War Veterans

Consult National Archives of Canada to send for military records after 1918

Lost Faces Ancestor Photos from the 1800s

Wishing you had an ancestor photograph? Check out the 1800s photographs and antique photo albums on Lost Faces. There are over 2,500 photos in this growing genealogy collection

Ancestry.com Databases

1851 Census of Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia
1901 Census of Canada
1906 Canada Census of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta
The Naval Service of Canada: Its Official History
Ontarian families : genealogies of United-Empire loyalists and other pioneer families of Upper Canada
Rebellion of 1837, Upper Canada
War of 1812: Miscellaneous Canadian Records
Smith's Canadian gazetteer
The Canadian biographical dictionary

Find Military Ancestors

Soldiers of the First World War (CEF) searchable database
Courts-martial of the First World War
War Diaries of the First World War
Soldiers of the South African War, 1899 - 1902
Second World War Service Files: Canadian Armed Forces War Dead
Soldiers of the South African War, 1899 - 1902

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French-Indian Wars | American Revolution | War of 1812 | Rebellion of 1837 | Civil War | Fenian Raids | Red River Rebellion | Nile Expedition | North West Rebellion | South African (Boer) War | WW1 | Siberian Expeditionary Force | Spanish Civil War | WWII | Korean War | Vietnam War | Gulf War | War in Afghanistan | Peacekeeping Missions | Military Cartoons

 

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Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for yourWar of 1812 ancestors The Poppy is a Trademark of Dominion Command, Royal Canadian Legion, and is used on The Canadian Military Heritage Project with permission