1783 Studholm Report

transcribed by George H. Hayward
Foreword by Cleadie B. Barnett, C.G.(C)
At the invitation of The Chignecto Project, this report was taken from their files, when it was preparing to go off line. It apparently at one time had been on the UNB site, as shown by their reference. That site was just a temporary one, and is no longer online. It is being placed on this site, with the blessings of the NB GenWeb Co-Ordinator, Rick Doucet, and the editor of the files, George H. Hayward. The information attached to this file reads, in part:
Cataloguing Information
File number: cwa-NB18-1.
Added Entries:Hayward, George H.
Document Source: http://degaulle.hil.unb.ca/genealogy/studholm.html (removed)
Contributed by: Randal W. Oulton on 12/21/97 at 09:46 PM
Description: covers the state of land grants in New Brunswick in 1783. Also covers rebels, etc..
The people who prepared the original report were: Ebenezer Foster, Fyler Dibblee, James White, Gervis Say.
There are two sets of records for each grouping. The first is a report on the settlers; the second hold comments on some of these settlers. I have added links to the first, which follow here, and the links to the latter, will be from the title bars of each section.

| AMESBURY | GAGETOWN | BURTON | NEWTOWN | SUNBURY |
| FRENCH INHABITANTS | CONWAY |

Map of the Areas spoken of in this Report

Editor's note: When the decision was taken by England at the close of the Revolutionary War to evacuate New York, several thousand Loyalists were shipped to Nova Scotia, which then included roughly the area occupied by the present provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. In 1784, that part of Nova Scotia which lay north of the Bay of Fundy was set off as a new Province of New Brunswick, the dividing line being established at the Isthmus of Chignecto just north of the present town of Amherst.
During the War the settlers on the Bay of Fundy were often pillaged and plundered by Rebel privateers from down the coast, mainly out of Machias, Maine, and the trading post at the mouth of the Saint John River operated by James Simonds, William Hazen and James White, was particularly vulnerable.
Rev. William O. Raymond, LL.D., F.R.S.C., in The River St. John, ed. Dr. J.C. Webster, C.M.G., (1910; Sackville, N.B.: The Tribune Press, rpt. 1943), tells us that "late in the autumn (of 1778) an American sloop carrying eight guns entered the harbour. Her Captain, A. Greene Crabtree, proved the most unwelcome and rapacious visitor that had yet appeared. Many of the settlers fled to the woods to escape the vandalism of his crew. From the store at Portland Point 21 boat loads of goods was taken. The plunder included a lot of silver ornaments, fuzees and other articles left by the Indians as pledges for their debts."
Following that incident, William Hazen proceeded to Windsor, N.S., and urgently demanded protection. Col. Small, of the Royal Highland Emigrants, accompanied him to Halifax and by their united efforts the British government authorities were convinced of the necessity of immediate action. A considerable body of troops was ordered to the mouth of the river with directions to repair Fort Frederick, which the Rebels had burned in 1775, or build a new fort.
General Massey chose Maj. Guilford Studholm as commander of the expedition. He was a capable officer and had previous experience as a former commander of the Fort Frederick garrison. His knowledge of the St. John River and its inhabitants, both whites and indians, made him particularly well fitted for the post.
Maj. Studholm arrived at the mouth of the river during the latter part of November, 1778, with 50 men, a framed block-house and four six-pounders. They came in a sloop of war, which remained in the harbour for their protection until the next spring. He decided against repairing Fort Frederick and commenced immediately to construct a new fort on a new location. It was named Fort Howe.
When the Spring Fleet arrived from New York in May, 1783, Maj. Studholm was still in command of the garrison at Fort Howe. One of the first and most urgent things to do was to find lands for these new arrivals. Much of the best land on the St. John had already been granted. However, a lot of it had been granted in large blocks to propritors who had undertaken to place tenants upon it but had for the most part not been very successful in doing so.
In June, 1783, Maj. Studholm sent a party of four men up the river from Fort Howe with instructions to determine who was settled upon the lands in various townships and what title they had to those lands, if any. Their report to Maj. Studholm, usually referred to by family historians today as "The Studholm Report" is an important historical document. It is, in effect, a heads of households census, and in addition provides information about land title, the loyalty or otherwise of many of the pre-Loyalist inhabitants on the river, etc., that can be found nowhere else.
The following is from Collections of the New Brunswick Historical Society (Saint John, N.B.: 1894, The Daily Telegraph Steam Book and Job Print, rpt. Lingley Printing Company Limited, 1969).

St. Johns River, June 30th, 1783.

To Major G. Studholm, Commandant at Fort Howe, &c.

Sir: --Agreeable to your instructions of the 15th inst. we proceeded up the River St. Johns on the 24th, and have endeavoured in the most accurate manner to collect the best information that was possible respecting the titles claims, characters, principles and deserts of those people who are settled on the lands commonly known by the appellation of Amesbury Tract, the Townships of Gage, Burton, Sunbury, New Town and the lands formerly granted to one McNutt, and after full examination report as follows:

Lands of Amesbury
1. Robert McKeen has a wife and one child, a log house, and about five acres of land cleared. Has been on the river about 14 years, but on the lot he now possesses about 2 years, has not been active on either side in the late troubles. Has no title but possession, but is a very quiet and peaceable man, and we could wish him not to be disturbed.
2. Tamerlane Campbell has a log cabin and about 2 acres of land cleared, has been on the river about 4 years, but on the lot he now possesses about one year, is a loyal subject and fought under General Carleton, at the attack on Quebec early in the late troubles. Has a wife and five children. We beg leave to recommend him to be confirmed in his possessions.
3. John Whitney has a wife and 9 children and been on the river about 14 years, but on the land he now possesses about 2 years, has a log house and hovel and about 4 acres of land cleared, has no title but possession, was of the rebel party on this river and went in arms to attack the Fort at Cumberland.
4. John Spraig and _____ Darling on the Kennebecatious whom we have not examined.
Gage Town
1. Francis Grant has a wife and 3 children; came on about 6 years past from Hoborn, near Port Roseway, was plundered and drove from there by the rebel privateers, has a log house and about 9 rods wide and 80 rods long cleared land.
2. Samuel Hersey has a wife and 4 children, a framed house and about 5 acres of cleared land, has been on the river about 7 years, but on the land he now possesses about 2 years. Came from Yarmouth and says he was drove off by the rebel privateers.
3. Robert Lasky has a wife and 8 children, a log house with 2 rooms. Purchased the improvements of one Elias Clark for £15, has about 15 acres of land cleared and been on about 2 years. Has been loyal, took arms and helped take a rebel privateer crew and was finally drove off by the rebel privateers from Barring in the Province of Nova Scotia.
4. Robert Lasky, jr., came with his father from Barrington, has built a log house with two rooms, and has cleared about 3 acres of land, was with his father under arms at the taking the crew of a privateer as above said.
5. Stephen Dow has a wife, is settled on Musquash Island, has no claim but possession, has built a log house and cleared about 3 acres of land. Came from Pasmaquadde about 4 years past and says he was drove off by the rebels.
6. John Richardson, has a wife and 5 children, a log house with 2 rooms, has been on the river about 7 years. Came from Yarmouth, and has been on the lot he now possesses about one year and an half, and cleared about 5 acres of land. No title but possession.
7. Archelaus Hammond has a wife and 12 children, came to Gage Town about three years past from Cornwallis, has built a log house and barn, and cleared about 10 acres of land, and says he never took arms on either side.
8. Elijah Easterbrooks, has a wife and 8 children, a log house with 2 rooms, and about 12 acres of land cleared. Came from Cornwallis about 16 years past, settled at the mouth of the river, and says he was drove up by the rebels.
9. Elias Clark has a wife and 6 children, a log house and about 6 acres of land cleared. Has been on the river about 4 years, and on the lot where be now lives about 3 years. Came from Cornwallis.
10. Thomas Masterson has a wife, a framed house, and about 4 acres of cleared land. Came on in consequence of a written agreement with Philip John Livingstone, an original grantee for 300 acres of land, and has also about 6 acres of land cleared on Musquash Island. Never taken arms against his majesty.
11. Peter Carr, has a wife, a log house and hovel on Little Musquash Island, with about 6 acres of cleared land, he has also a good framed house, and about 4 acres of cleared upland in Gage Town, and about 10 acres cleared opposite thereto on Great Musquash Island, which he has held for about 16 years in consequence of a written contract with Philip John Livingstone, an original proprietor. The said Carr offers to give up and make over to the Loyalists all his right and title in Gagetown and the Great Musquash Island, which he holds in consequence of said written agreement or lease, they paying a reasonable price, for the buildings and improvements thereon, provided he can be established on Little Musquash Island, where be now lives.
12. John Sinnot claims 200 acres of land by virtue of a lease from John Smyth, Esq., of Dublin in Ireland, dated the 5th March, 1782, said Smyth being an original proprietor. A little land cleared but no buildings erected. Said Sinnot came over from Ireland about two years past.
13. Lt. Constant Connor as attorney to Arch. McNeil of Quebeck produced an instrument of agreement between the said McNeil and one John Fenton of Charlestown, Massachusetts, wherein the said Fenton engages to give the said McNeil a good and sufficient deed of bargain and sale of one moiety, of his right, title and share of certain lands on the River St. Johns that were granted to Capt. Falconer and his associates in which grant the said Fenton was a subscriber on forfeiture of £50 sterling, in consequence of which Lieut. Connor as attorney, etc., has permitted Samuel Kemble, Richard Kemble, Moses Clark and Simeon Porter, to make improvements by clearing some land in the Township of Gage, but no buildings are yet erected thereon. We do not look upon this as giving any title to the lands.
14. Benjamin Booby has a wife and one child, came into Gagetown last fall, built a log house and cleared about 5 acres of land. Has no title but possession and was one that went in arms against Fort Cumberland.
15. Moses Clark has a wife and 4 children, came from Yarmouth about 7 years past, but has been on the land he now possesses but about one year. Has a framed house and about 20 acres of cleared land. Says he came on in consequence of an agreement with Mr. Pearly who promised to procure him a deed from Col. Glazier.
16. John Duggin has a son and been settled on Gage Town about 7 years, has a log house and 2 small outhouses and cleared about 5 acres of land, says be was a soldier in the last French war for 3 years. No title but possession.
17. John Knox has a wife and one child, came from Windsor about 2 years past, has a log house and about 6 acres of land. His character good as a subject.
18. Duncan Camble, a single man has been on about 2 years, built a log house and cleared about 8 acres of land. Was in General Burgoyne's army taken prisoner, and his character good as a subject.
19. Daniel Rolf an aged man, has a wife and one child. Came on last spring from Passamquodde. He came on to this river about 4 years past and has cleared about one acre and an half of land.
20. Jeremiah Frost has a wife and 4 children; purchased the improvements of William Curtis. Has a log house and about 12 acres of land cleared. Came from Passmaquodde.
21. Thomas Hart has a wife and seven children. Has been on about 8 years, came on by purchase from Zebulon Easty and Hezekiah Whitmore, who held by lease from William Spry Esq. dated Nov 11th 1770, for two lots of 40 rods wide each. There is on said lots two houses and about 30 acres of cleared land.
22. John Hendrick has a wife and 4 children. Came on about 16 years ago in consequence of a contract with Philip John Livingston, dated Sept. 10th, 1767 for 300 acres of land. Has a house and about 30 acres of cleared land; his character good as a subject.
23. Moses Blasedel has a wife; came on about 2 years past from Covegate. Has a log house and about 4 acres of cleared land.
24. Stephen Harden Williams has a wife and 3 children; came on about 4 years past from Cornwallis. Has a log house and about 8 acres of cleared land. Was in the service last French war and with Col. Franklin up this river in the late troubles. His character good as a subject.
25. John Crabtree has a wife and two children, came on about 16 years past. Holds in consequence of an agreement or lease in writing from the Rev. John Ogilvie dated Sept. 10th 1767, for 300 acres. Has about 15 acres of cleared land, but no buildings. He claims also another lot of 200 acres by virtue of a lease from Chas. N. Godfrey Jades, of the county of Southampton, in Great Britain, to William Crabtree, of the Kingdom of Ireland, son to the said John. The said William was never in this country, but his father, said John, has built a framed house and cleared near 20 acres of land.
26. Lewis Mitchell, has a wife and 4 children. Has lived on the land about one year and an half. Claims in consequence of an agreement with Mr. James Spry Eaton as appears by his letters; was to have had a lease but has not received it. The claim originates in Capt. Spry. Has a log house and about 24 acres improved. His character as to loyalty is very good and we beg leave to recommend him to be confirmed in his possessions. Said Mitchell has improved a lot next below the above on which there is about 6 acres of land cleared by the French.
27. Nathaniel Churchill has a wife and 6 children. Has been on the river about 6 years, but on the place he now possesses about 3 years. Came from Yarmouth. Claims in consequence of a lease from Robert Smyth, Esq., of the City of Dublin, dated the 14th of April, 1782, for 200 acres. Has a tan house and yard and about 10 or 15 acres of cleared land.
28. Zebulun Esty has a wife and 8 children. Has been on about 5 years; built a house and grist mill and has about 3 acres of cleared land. Went on in consequence of an agreement with Mr. John Crabtree acting as attorney for Capt. Jades, and was promised a lease for ever on payment of a small acknowledgement yearly. Said Esty is a good man, his character very loyal and we beg leave to recommend him to be confirmed in his possessions.
29. Amasa Coy and Asa Coy, two single men, claim a lot of 200 acres by virtue of a Deed of purchase from the attorney of William Dugall, dated August 12th, 1782, it being land leased to Josiah Whitney by the Rev. Curryl Smith of the Kingdom of Ireland; said lease is dated 29th of July, 1769. They have about 8 acres cleared and in fence but no buildings erected. Amasa was in arms against the fort at Cumberland.
30. Edward Coy has a wife and 6 children; has a log house and about 15 acres of cleared land. Holds by virtue of a lease from William Spry, Esq., dated July 12th, 1770, for 200 acres of land. Was a rebel committee man.
31. Aaron Hovey has a wife, and claims a lot in consequence of a lease to his father-in-law, Edmund Price, from Wm. Spry, Esq., dated 12th July, 1770, for 200 acres of land. Has a log house and about 10 acres of land cleared. Said Price was one of the Cumberland party.
32. John Denmore has a wife and 2 children, a log house and about 6 or 7 acres of land cleared. Came from Annapolis about three years past.
33. Samuel Peabody, Esq., claims a log house and lot of land wherein Thomas Jenkins now lives by virtue of a lease from George or Curryl Smith which said lease was given to Gervice Say, Esq., and came to the said Peabody by purchase.
34. Philip Weade claims a lot by virtue of a lease from Curryl or George Smith, executed by his attorney Richard Shorne to John Crabtree, said Crabtree sold to Lewis Mitchell of whom the said Wade purchased. Hath a framed house and hovel and about 15 acres of land cleared. Has one Philip McGraw on as a tenant.
35. Christopher Cross has a wife and 6 children, a log house and hovel, lives on Little Musquash Island. Has been on the river about 8 years, but on this place where he now lives about 2 years, and has cleared about 3 acres of land. His character good as a subject.
36. Joseph Clark has a log house and about 7 or 8 acres of cleared land, which he holds by virtue of a lease from Capt. Spry for 200 acres.
37. Henry West has a house and about 5 or 6 acres of land, which he claims by virtue of an agreement or lease from an original proprietor in New York. His character good as a subject.
The foregoing are all the persons that are settled on the lands at Amesbury and Gagetown and all that we could find that have the least reasonable pretence of claim. Those that we thought worthy of any particular favor for their loyalty, attachment or any service to government, we have properly noticed, and refer the whole to the determination of the authority proper to decide.
The returns of Burton, Sunbury, Newtown and McNutt's shall be handed you as soon as compleat.
We have the honor to be, etc.,
Ebenezer Foster,
Fyler Dibblee,
James White,
Gervice Say.

Township of Burton
1. Timothy Robertson, has a wife and 10 children, has a log house and about 16 acres of cleared land. Claims by possession and purchase of improvements, which have been made about 20 years.
2. Nathaniel Gallop, from Coveget, has a wife and 7 children, been on about 3 years. Has a log house and about 8 or 10 acres of cleared land. Claims by possession and purchase of improvements.
3. Jacob Barker and Isaac Stickney claim two lots by purchase of the improvements of one Simon Brown. The lots have been possessed about 5 years, and has a log house and about 10 acres of cleared land thereon.
4. Israel Esty has a wife and 3 children; been on about 5 years. Built a log house and has about 15 acres of cleared land. Claims by possession and a quit claim of the improvements of his grandfather, who had possessed it about 15 years before he came on.
5. Thomas Langin has a wife and 6 children, been on about one year and a half. A log house and about 10 acres of cleared land. Claims by possession and purchase of the improvements of one Nathaniel Bragden, who had possessed it about 10 years.
6. Bethuel Wood has a wife and 4 children. Been on about 7 years. Has a good log house and barn and about 20 acres of cleared land. No claim but possession.
7. Moses Esty has a wife and four children, been on about 7 years, has a log house and about 14 acres of cleared land.
8. John Hall has a wife and 3 children. Came from Cornwallis about 3 years past. Has a log house and about 6 acres of cleared land. Claims in consequence of purchasing the improvements John Day. Possession been taken about 11 years.
9. John Larley has a wife and 5 children, been on about 16 years, built 2 or 3 log houses or buildings and cleared about 15 acres of land. His character good as a subject.
10. Amos Easty, a single man, has improved about 4 or 5 acres of land which is partly cleared, and provided some materials for building.
11. Jeremiah Tracey has a wife and six children, been on about 2 years, from Goldsbury, Mass., purchased the improvements of one Stephen Young and has a log house and about 2 or 3 acres of cleared land.
12. John Pitchard has a wife and 6 children, been on about 6 years, built a log house and small barn and has about 6 acres of cleared land. Was one of the party who went against Fort Cumberland.
13. Nathan Smith claims a lot by possession of himself and father, who is now deceased, which they have fenced and improved near 18 years. Cleared about 6 acres of land, but no buildings thereon. Said Smith has a wife and 4 children and lives on the opposite side of the river at Maugerville, and has a full right there.
14. Richard Bartlet has a wife and 11 children, been about 4 years from Coveget. Has a log house and about 10 acres of cleared land and purchased the improvements of former possessors for about 13 years.
15. Zebulon Roe, has a wife and 5 children, a log house and about 5 or 6 acres of cleared land. Has been on about 2 years and purchased the improvements of former settlers who had possessed it about 7 years.
16. Gain Bartlett, a single man claims a lot on which there is about 10 acres of cleared land, but no buildings. Purchased the improvements which had been made about 7 years.
17. Benjamin Branch has a wife, a house and about 4 acres of cleared land and has been in possession about 8 years.
18. Joseph Barker, a single man has a log house and about 8 acres of land cleared. Claims by purchase of improvements that have been made about 9 years past.
19. Edward Burpy claims about three lots by purchase from James Simmons, Esq., one of the original proprietors.
20. Jacob Barker, Jr., and Sylvanus Plumber claim an island called Ox Island by virtue of a deed of sale from James Simons, Esq. one of the original grantees dated Oct 19th 1782.
21. Stephen Young has a wife and 6 children, a log house and about 10 or 12 acres of cleared land, been on about 3 years - purchased the improvements of former possessors, who had improved it about 18 years.
22. Solomon Fearley has a wife and been on about 2 years, from Mount Desert, built a log house and cleared about 3 acres of land.
23. Nathaniel Bragden has a wife and 5 children. Been on about 10 years, built a log house and cleared about 7 acres of land.
24. Israel Kinney has a log house and framed barn, and about 15 acres of cleared land, which was chiefly done by the French and Indians. Has been on about 15 years and was a committee man.
25. Elisha Parker has a wife and four children came from Cornwallis about 4 years past. Where he sold half a right of land given him by government. Has a log house and 5 or 6 acres of cleared land and says he served at Cornwallis as a minute man.
26. Samuel Dean has a wife and 4 children, been on about 8 years, built a log house and cleared about five acres of land.
27. Samuel Weymouth has a wife and 3 children, been on about 3 years, built a log house, and cleared about 3 acres of land.
28. Isaac Robins has a wife, and four children. Married the widow of one Seth Ring whose husband had been in possession about 12 years and had built a good framed house and grist mill. Said estate is indebted to the creditors of the said deceased Ring. Robins has been in possession about 3 years, has about 1.5 acres of land cleared. Says he is now a soldier belonging to the garrison at Fort Howe. His character good as a subject.
29. John Mitchell has a wife and 9 children, a log hut and about 6 acres of cleared land, has been on about four years came from Chandler's River in New England, went from there to attack the fort at Cumberland.
30. Iccabod Howland has a wife and one child, a house and about six acres of land cleared. Been in possession four years.
31. John Shaw has a wife and 6 children, a log house and about 6 acres of cleared land. Been in possession about 5 years.
32. John Shaw Jr. has a wife but lives with his father, has a house but no land cleared. Claims also some land in New town in consequence of clearing three fourths of an acre of land in that township. Gave intelligence to the rebels at Oak Park that the Kings troops were pursuing them up the river, in consequence of which they escaped.
33. Joseph Howland has a wife and two children, a house and barn framed with materials for building it and between 20 and 30 acres of land cleared. Settled on the township before it was granted and has been in possession about 20 years. Is a loyal subject and turned out for the defence of the block house on an alarm.
34. Elihu Conwell has a wife and one child, has a house partly built and about 4 or 5 acres of cleared land. Was a minute man at Cornwallis and has been in a privateer in a cruise against his majesty's enemies. His character good as a subject.
35. David Porter has a wife, a log house and about 3 acres of land cleared. Has been on about 3 years from Cornwallis, purchased improvements etc.
36. William Smith has a wife and 7 children, a log house and about 5 acres of land cleared. Came from Cornwallis about 3 years past; was a minute man.
37. Richard Parsons has a wife and 9 children, been on about 4 years from Mount Desert. Built a log house and has about 6 acres of cleared land. Went against the fort at Cumberland.
38. Thomas Jones, married the widow of one Richard Barlow who was employed by Capt. Falconer (an original grantee) as a storekeeper for the Company, by an instrument dated January 27th, 1765, and was promised a lease of 200 acres of land. Said Barlow at his decease left 7 children, and said Jones has taken possession of a lot of land in their behalf and cleared about 10 acres of land, but no buildings thereon. The said Jones has been loyal, wounded and taken prisoner by the rebels.
39. Ezra Day purchased the improvements of Moses Easty who had been in possession about 7 years. Said Day has been on about 4 years and came from Cumberland.
40. Thomas Barker deceased, late of Maugerville, cleared about 3 acres of land in Burton, but no buildings erected thereon. His son claims in consequence of said improvements.
41. Salathiel Robertson has a wife and has cleared about three acres of land but made no buildings.
42. Lieut. Street has purchased the improvements of James Marrington who has a lease from Philip John Livingstone, Esq., of 300 acres. Said Marrington is still in possession under Lieut. Street.
The foregoing are all the claims and demands in the Township of Burton that came to our knowledge after strict enquiry. Those whose characters during the late troubles were uniformly loyal we have particularly noticed, with the claims of all who have any pretensions of title more than simple possession. We are, Sir, etc.,
Ebenezer Foster,
Fyler Dibblee,
James White,
Gervis Say.

St. John's River, July 10th, 1783,

Maj'r G. Studholme

Township of Newtown
1. George Smith, an old man upwards of 80, has a log house and about 6 acres of cleared land. Been on about 4 years from Cornwallis.
2. William Woodworth has a wife and 3 children, a poor log house and about 6 acres of cleared land. Has been on about 2 years and from Cornwallis about 4 years past.
3. Samuel Bill has a wife and 5 children, a log house and about 7 or 8 acres of cleared land. Been on about 2 years from Cornwallis. Served his majesty in the last war, and was a sergeant in a regiment of minute men under Col. Franklin.
4. Jehiel Rusk has a wife and 11 children, a log house and about 10 acres of cleared land, been on about 4 years from Cornwallis. Says he was in the militia and took his chances in a draft as a minute man.
5. Jeremiah Howland has a wife and 4 children; been on the river about 16 years, but in the place he now possesses about one year and a half. Has a log house and about 4 acres of cleared land.
6. John Booby has a wife, log house and about 4 acres of cleared land. Been on the river about 16 years, but on where he now possesses about one year.
7. Beniamin Bailey has a wife and 4 children, a log house and about 6 acres of cleared land. Has been on about 3 years from Merimashee. Plundered and drove off by the rebels; took arms and fought against a privateer's crew, so he says.
8. Jonathan Rockwell has a wife and 4 children, a log house and about 3 acres of land cleared. Been in possession about 2 years; from Cornwallis. Says he was always loyal and served as a minute man.
Sunbury Township
1. Benjamin Atherton has a good framed house and log barn and about 30 acres of land cleared, partly by the French; has been on about 14 years. Took possession in consequence of an agreement with James Simonds, Esq. His character good as a subject, and we beg leave to recommend him to be confirmed in possession with a reasonable extent of front on the river.
2. Philip Wade has a wife and two children, a good house and barn and about 30 acres of improved land, chiefly cleared by the French. Claims in consequence of an agreement with Richard Shorne, Esq., one of the original grantees. Claims also 400 acres of land in consequence of a lease from Robert Smythe, Esq., an original grantee.
Thomas Langin claims a lot of land about 4 miles above St. Anns, on which he has a log house and about 20 acres of land improved, chiefly cleared by the French. Lived on it about 6 years, but during the late troubles moved down to Burton. Says he was drove off from there by the Indians, they killing his cattle, etc.
Above St. Anns we found a considerable number of French settlers, many of whom had been in possession a number of years. They in general appeared to be an inoffensive people, but few if any have a legal title, and, as they are in general nearly in one and the same situation, we thought it unnecessary to be so particular with every individual. Those who have anything more than a simple possession to plead in their favor we have properly noticed.
French Inhabitants
1. Joseph Masrol has a wife and one child. Been on about 14 years; considerable improvements.
2. Daniel Gauden, wife and 9 children. Been on 16 years; considerable improvements.
3. Jean Baptiste Daigle, wife and 4 children. Been on 14 years; considerable improvements.
4. Mathurin Gautro, wife and 6 children. Been on 4 years; considerable improvements.
5. Jean Martin has a wife and 5 children, a house and a barn and about 10 acres of cleared land. Says he came on about 15 years past by liberty from Mr. Collins of Canada, and that during the late troubles he gave notice to Major Studholme of the movement of the rebels.
6. Simon Martin, wife and 3 children. Been on 15 years; considerable improvements; claims as above.
7. Joseph Martin, wife and 4 children. Been on 25 years; considerable improvements; claims as above.
8. Francis Martin, wife and 4 children. Been on 15 years; considerable improvements. Says be served as a guide, etc.
9. Amant Martin has a wife and children. Been on the river 15 years; made considerable improvements. Says he was loyal and gave intelligence.
10. Jean Baptiste Gauden has a wife and 5 children. Been on 4 years; considerable improvements. Says he served in Canada.
11. Alexander Gauden, wife and 2 children. Been on 4 years; considerable improvements.
12. Joseph Doucett, wife and 3 children. Been on 20 years; considerable improvements.
13. Joseph Herbert, wife and 3 children. Been on 14 years. Says he served as a pilot.
14. Joseph Daigle, wife and 4 children. Been on 14 years. Carried expresses.
15. Bernard Sabris, wife and four children. Been on 4 years. Lives on Musquash Island.
16. Jean Herbert, wife and 5 children. Been on 14 years; considerable improvements.
17. Oliver Cire, wife and 2 children. Been on 15 years; considerable improvements. Says he was pilot to Major Studholme.
18. Francis Gaudin has a wife. Been on the river 4 years, considerable improvements.
19. Pierre Herbert, wife and 3 children. Been on 10 years. One or two acres cleared.
20. Alexandre Hahiot, wife and 7 children. Been on 3 years; six or seven acres cleared.
21. Paul Cire, wife and 1 child. Been on 16 years; about 8 or 10 acres cleared.
22. Jean Baptiste Cire, wife and 7 children. Been on 15 years; eight acres cleared. Assisted Col. Franklin.
23. Francis Cire, wife and 10 children. Been on 15 years; considerable improvements.
24. Pierre Cire, wife and 1 child. Been on 16 years; considerable improvements. Piloted Maj. Studholme, etc.
25. Joseph Turtiot, wife and 9 children. Been on 15 years; considerable improvements.
26. Pierre Masrol, wife and 2 children. Been on 6 years; considerable improvements.
27. Estienne Quesis, wife and two children. Been on 2 years; considerable improvements, about 4 acres.
28. Antoine Gaudin, wife and 9 children. Been on 11 years; considerable improvements.
29. Baptiste Niemo, wife and 3 children. Been on 14 years; considerable improvements.
30. Jacques Cire, wife and 2 children. Been on 15 years; considerable improvements.
31. Alexie Tibeaudo, wife and 5 children. Been on 6 years; considerable improvements.
32. Francois Herbert, wife and 2 children. Been on 14 years; considerable improvements.
33. Paul Masrol has a wife. Been on the river 14 years; about 3 acres cleared.
34. Jacques Cormier, wife and 6 children. Been on 16 years; considerable improvements.
35. Pierre Metier, wife and 3 children. Been on 3 years; about 3 acres cleared. Came from Canada.
36. Amant Landry, wife and 4 children. Been on 7 years; about 6 acres of land cleared.
37. Lonis Lejeune, wife and 3 children. Been on 15 years; considerable improvements.
38. Joseph Roy, wife and 3 children. Been on 15 years; about 15 acres cleared.
39. Pierre Cormier, wife and 3 children. Been on 13 years; 20 acres of cleared land.
40. Joseph Cormier, wife and 3 children. Been on 13 years; considerable cleared land.
41. Joseph Masrol, wife and 8 children. Been on 6 years; about 8 acres cleared.
42. Pierre Cormier, wife and 2 children. Been on 13 years; 6 acres cleared.
43. Joseph Lejeune, wife and 2 children. Been on 3 years; came from Quebec; 4 acres cleared.
44. Francis Cormier, wife and 2 children. Been on 13 years; 7 acres cleared.
45. Pierre Pinette, wife and 7 children. Been on 14 years; 8 acres cleared.
46. Benoit Roy, wife and 5 children. Been on 2 years; 4 acres cleared.
47. Francois Cormier, wife and 4 children. Been on 16 years; 8 acres cleared. Has a title from Lewis Mitchell through Capt. Ferguson, one of the grantees.
48. Pierre Tibeaudo, wife and 1 child. Been on 16 years; 15 acres cleared.
49. Jean Baptiste Cormier, wife and 10 children. Been on 16 years; 12 acres cleared.
50. Amant Cormier, wife and 5 children. Been on 16 years; 15 acres cleared.
51. Augustine Leblanc, wife and one child. Been on 7 years; 9 acres cleared.
52. Francois Maurin, wife and 8 children. Been on 15 years. Has possession on Musquash Island.
53. Joseph Sire, wife and 9 children. Been on 15 years; 30 acres cleared.
54. Baptiste Fournier, wife and 1 child. Been on 2 years. Came from Quebeck.
55. Michael Mercure, wife and 3 children. Been on 14 years; 8 acres clear,
56. Paul Potier has a wife. Been 16 years on the river; 18 acres cleared.
57. Oliver Tibeaudo has a lease from Richard Shorne, Esq., for 999 years. Has large improvements at St. Anns.
58. Oliver Tibeaudo, Jun., wife and 3 children. Been on 6 years; 30 acres cleared.
59. Louis Sausion, wife and 1 child. Been on 5 years; 4 acres cleared.
60. Jean Denoier, wife and 6 children. Been on 2 years; 4 acres cleared.
Louis Mercure, 1 child. Has a good house and about 12 acres of land cleared. Been on about 3 years. Was employed in carrying expresses to Quebec, Penobscot, etc. His character good as a subject, and we beg leave to recommend him in the fullest manner.
The foregoing are settled in the Townships of Sunbury, New Town and McNutts.
We have the honor to be, etc.,
Ebenezer Foster,
Fyler Dibble,
James White,
Gervis Say.

St. John's River, July 8th, 1783.
Sir: Agreeable to your instructions of the 7th inst., we this day proceeded to examine the claims, titles and pretensions of the persons on the Township of Conway in the same line and agreeable to your instructions of ye 15th June, 1783, respecting the settlers on the escheated or ungranted lands, as well as the lands liable to escheat on the River St. Johns, and report as follows:
Township of Conway
1. Hugh Quinton has the remains of a log house which has been chiefly destroyed by fire; about 15 acres of land cleared and improved. Has a wife and 8 children, and been in possession about 9 years, and claims in consequence of an agreement with Will'm Hazen and James Simmons, Esqs., two of the original proprietors who came under bond to give said Quinton a good and sufficient deed of about 250 acres of land. Said Quinton was one of the Cumberland party, but since hath taken the Oath of Allegiance to his Majesty and behaved in a loyal manner: turned out sundry times and fought the rebel parties.
2. Widow Sarah Smith claims a lot in consequence of an agreement with her deceased husband, Peter Smith, and the above said William Hazen and James Simmons, Esq., of the same tenor and condition of that made with the above named Hugh Quinton. Improvements thereon -marsh and upland, about 10 acres. Said deceased Peter was a good subject; much harrassed by the rebels, and left a widow and two children. We beg leave to recommend them to be confirmed in said possession.
3. Thomas Jenkins has a wife and 4 children; claims in consequence of an agreement with the said Hazen and Simmons of the same purport with the above; lived on said lot until some after the beginning of the late troubles; moved up the river in consequence of danger from plundering parties. Had cleared and improved about 12 acres of marsh and upland and built a log house.
4. Samuel Peabody, Esq., claims a lot in consequence of a similar agreement with the said Hazen and Simmonds: Has a house erected thereon and a tennant therein, with about 55 acres of land under improvement, of marsh and upland, which he has possessed about 13 years.
5. Jonathan Lovet claims a lot in consequence of a like agreement as above with the said Hazen and Simmonds. Has been in possession about 13 years, and has a good framed house and barn with about 60 acres of improved land, marsh and upland.
6. Willm McKeen, claims a lot in the same manner as the foregoing by ageement with said Hazen and Simmonds. Has 2 log houses and a framed barn and about 45 acres of land under improvement, marsh and upland. His character good as a subject.
7. Daniel Lovet claims a lot in consequence of the same tenor of agreement with the said Hazen and Simmonds. Has a log house and framed barn and about 30 acres of improved land, marsh and upland. Has a wife and two children. Was one of the Cumberland party: hath taken the oath of allegiance to his Majesty, and since hath behaved well.
8. James Woodman has three houses and a store and about 5 acres of cleared land. Claims a lot in consequence of a like agreement with said Hazen and Simmons. Has been in possession about 9 years.
9. Elijah Easterbrook settled in consequence of a similar agreement with said Hazen and Simmons. Cleared and improved about seven acres of land and had built a log house which is now fallen to decay, said Easterbrook moving up the river on account of the danger of his situation; has lived on it 8 years.
10. John Bradley settled in the same manner and about the same time with the said Easterbrook, and moved up the river on the same account and cleared and improved about 4 acres of land.
11. Zebedee Ring in the same situation. Settled on and built a framed house and cleared about 2 or 3 acres of land. Moved off for the same reason as the foregoing.
12. Jervis Say, Esq., improved a lot on the river opposite to the falls in consequence of an agreement of the same nature with Hazen and Simmonds; built a house and cleared and improved about 8 or 10 acres of land, moved up the river for the same reason as before mentioned, and sold his improvements to Samuel Peabody, Esq.
The foregoing are all the settlers, claimants, etc., that have any demands of title in the Township of Conway, so far as have fallen within our knowledge after strict enquiry, which we beg leave to submit to your consideration. We likewise find a house and some improved land in the possession of Jonathan Lovet, on the westerly side of the harbour of St. John, on ungranted land. Says he built his house by the direction of Major Studholme.
These together with the persons included in the Returns before handed you are all the settlers on the escheated or ungranted lands on the River St. John's, or the Townships which we suppose liable to escheat.
We have the Honor to be, etc.,
Ebenezer Foster,
Fyler Dibblee,
James White,
Gervis Say.
Major G. Studholme.

St. John's River, July 14th, 1783.
Sir: --Inclosed we have sent you the remainder of the returns of the Settlers on the River St. John's agreeable to your instructions of June 16th.
We have taken pains to collect their several circumstances as correct as possible which has been attended with a great fatigue and considerable expense. We beg leave therefore, to represent, that if it can be allowed, we think a reasonable compensation ought to be allowed us,-- but wish not to make it a burthen to individuals.
We were twelve days performing the service.--
We have the honour to be Sir,
Your most obedt. Humble Servants,
Ebenezer Foster,
Fyler Dibblee,
James White,
Gervis Say.
Major G. Studholme.

 

Major Studholme's Report on the Foregoing.
Observations on the Report of the Committee of Enquiry.

Lands of Amesbury

1. William McKeen the son joined the rebels and went in arms against Fort Cumberland.
John Spraig has left his improvements on the Kennebecacis Branch.
Darling on the Kennebecacis is a good subject.
Gagetown
21. Thomas Hart, a rebel and one of the Committee for forming the Cumberland party.
25. John Crabtree is a good subject and should have been remarked as one in the report.
36. Joseph Clark is a very bad subject and a very troublesome fellow.
Township of Burton
1. Timothy Robertson, a very great rebel and of a general bad character.
3. Jacob Barker and Isaac Stickney are both rebels.
6. Bethuel Wood, an active rebel.
7. Moses Esty, favors the rebels and has not above half the cleared land reported.
13. Nathan Smith, a rebel who has been in arms.
14. Richard Bartlett, a rebel from Cobeqaid, who I am well informed had lands there which was granted him by the government and he has sold. The improvements mentioned in the report to have been purchased by him on this river, I find on inquiry is reported only from hear say.
15. Zebulon Roe, a rebel.
16. Gain Bartlett, a rebel.
17. Benjamin Branch, a rebel.
19. Edward Burpee, an active rebel and went against the Fort at Cumberland.
20. Jacob Barker, junr., and Sylvanus Plumber both bitter rebels.
31. John Shaw, Snr., a rebel.
40. Salathial Robertson, a rebel.
41. Lieut. Street has purchased the title and improvements of James Marrington who has a bond for the execution of a conveyance to him and his heirs for ever of 300 acres from Philip John Livingstone, Esq., an original proprietor, and not a lease only as mentioned in the Report.
New Town
6. John Booby, a Rebel.
Sunbury

= =

(French Inhabitants)

5. Jean Martin, who is mentioned in the Report to have given me notice of the movements of the Rebels, was very active on that occasion, and had great merit in exerting himself all in his power for the good of his Majesty's Service.
6. Simon Martin
7. Joseph Martin Are good subjects and were active against the Rebels.
8. Francois Martin
9. Amant Martin
Conway
6. William McKean went in arms against Cumberland, as mentioned above.
9. Elijah Easterbrooke went also against Cumber-land.
11. Zebedee Ring, a Rebel.
Messrs. Hazen and Symonds, two of the original proprietors of Conway, have at different times placed a number of settlers on the lands of that Township, and have used every offort on their parts to comply with the terms of their Grant, but the continual robberys committed by the Rebel boats during the war, to which those settlements were totally exposed, obliged a number of their tenants to remove. However, as every exertion was used by them, I take the liberty, sir, to recommend their claims on that Township to your consideration.
Peter Carr (mentioned in the Report No. 11, Gagetown) has agreed with Col. William Tyng, a gentleman of a very respectable character, who has suffered much in the Rebellion, for the sale of all his, Carr's, title and improvements in Lott Number Ten, Gagetown, and in twelve acres of interval on Great Musquash Island if he (Carr) can be confirmed in his possession on Little Musquash Island, containing about 30 acres only, where he resides and has made improvements. Carr is a good subject, and I, therefore, presume to recommend his being confirmed.
John Hendrick (mentioned in the Report Number 22, Gagetown) has a wife and five sons - four only are mentioned in the Report. Two of his sons are married and have families, and the youngest is 14 years of age. I have been informed he has petitioned through Col. Gould for land for his sons; he is a good subject and an old soldier and very deserving.
John Smith, son of Curryl Smith, of the Kingdom of Ireland, has a tract of land in Gagetown, on which he has several tenants. As he is now absent, I think it but doing him a justice he deserves to inform Your Excellency that he came out from Ireland last summer to effect the settlement of his lands on this river.
I take the liberty also to recommend to your Excellency's particular notice Lewis Mitchell, mentioned in the Report No. 26, and John Knox, No. 17 Gagetown. They are both good subjects. Mitchell has been in a particular manner serviceable and active on every occasion during the war, and Knox is a very deserving man, and will, I believe, merit any encouragement which may be given him.
(Signed.) G. Studholme.

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Updated:Sunday, 27-Jul-2003 10:27:39 MDT