Diary of Herman L. Pearce
March 16, 1918 - December 31, 1918Transcribed from NL Provincial Archeology Office's reference material
Mar 16th 1918 Not much being done today, no important news. Steve left
BAIE Verte |
with the mail this morning reaching Seal Cove at 4.30 pm and remaining there tonight,
The weather; very rough day .blowing a hurricane from the n. w. snow drifting all day
Bar.28.46in at 2pm the lowest I have recorded here
Bar. At 9pm 28.49in ther 17°.1 max temp20°.0 min temp 2°.0 mean temp10°.15 below
the average past 14 years by14°.55
Weekly temp record
Highest 27°.2 on the 10th lowest –4°.0,on the 12th Range 31°.2 Highest min. temp 6°.0 on
the 10th lowest max temp 10°.9 on the 12th highest mean temp 16°.75 on the 10th the
lowest mean temp 5°.20 on the 12th mean max temp 19.48 mean min temp 1°.73 mean
range of temp 18.05 mean temp 11°.28 higher than that of past week by 6°.04 mean
meas. of bar at 9pm 29.24
Sun.17th . St Patrick’s Day. No prayers today Steve arrived with the mail at 5pm. I
received a letter from the Deputy Minister of justice informing me that I have no
jurisdiction to try the Burton-Hewitt assault case at Jackson’s Arm and that I should
advise Mrs. Burton to apply to the nearest stationed magistrate. Tonight I wrote Mrs
Burton advising her to apply to Mr Duggan at La Scie. I am glad to be clear of this case as
it is likely to be a somewhat critical one .
No important news by mail or wire tonight. The weather—rather overcast this am but
since noon fine and sunny ,winds W &W.S.W.
Bar at 9pm 29.07;ther 20°.1.
Max.temp26°.1; min temp 16°.0. mean temp 21°.05 below the average by 0°.75
Mar 18th The Jackson’s Arm mail arrived at 11am .They got adrift on a string of ice
and Frank& Thos Jacobs went after them in punt.
This afternoon Simon Gale ,John Gillham& Rev Mr. Meaden arrived from Hampden.
The weather ----a splendid day, fine and sunny ,wind S. W..&W N.W. Bar at 9 pm.29.00
Max temp34°.0 min temp. 12°.7 mean temp17°.70 below the average by 4°.40.
Tues 19th. __ Mr Meaden was here to the office this afternoon. I have been busy about the
mail today. Steve leaves here tomorrow morning for Baie Verte. The southern mail left
Millertown Junction at 3.30 pm. Tomorrow I have to try a case of debt. Breen verses
Gillham. This is my first case since my appointment as a J.P .People here from Wild
cove this am. Steve & Dick were sawing wood for us yesterday pm. and this afternoon.
The weather –changeable. Overcast this am snowing at times this pm. ,wind W.N.W &W
Bar at 9pm 24.36; ther 24°.0 , Max temp 24°.0 min temp 7°.0 mean temp19°.10 below
average by 3°.80 .
WED 20TH __ Quite a busy day at 11 am I opened court on the debt case of Breen &
Gillham, after hearing Gillham I pronounced judgement to the effect that Gillham was to
pay the debt in installments of 10.00 per month beginning May1st.
Breen took dinner with us and left for home at 3.30pm. Mr. Meaden was here . to the
house this afternoon.
The British aeroplanes are doing good work bombing German towns lately. The sealers
are not doing very well yet. The Terra Nova has 4000,Eagle 6000.
Steve left here this am reaching Seal Cove at 3.30pm
Mar 20th Wed __The weather a splendid day fine & sunny ;wind W & W.N.W. Bar 29.51
ther 22°.0 max temp 23°.00 above the average by 0°.40.
Thur21st __ Stave reached Baie Verte this am but mails are hung up at Burlington. Mr
Meaden took tea with us this evening.
The weather—overcast this early am, fine and sunny since 10.30 am; wind north. Bar
9pm 29.62 ther 22°.5 max temp 35°.0 min temp 20°.2 mean temp 24°.75 above the
Fri. 22nd __ The big German offensive started yesterday and the biggest battle in the
World’s History rages on the Western front today. Walter Jacobs was wounded in battle
according to a telegram received by Luke from the minister of militia St .Johns’ this
George Rice of Wild Cove was here looking for government relief this evening.
People here from Seal Cove this afternoon. Mr Meaden left for Bear Cove today. Cyril
& Essau Jacobs killed two seals and James Hewitt one today.
The weather fine and sunny this am and early pm ,overcast since 4.30 pm. Wind N.E.
Bar at 9pm29.62in ther 22°.0 max temp7°.9 mean temp 20°.50 below average by 0°.80.
Sat 23rd __ not much being don today. Lines were down all day. Tonight lines came okay
for a short time and we received news that the Germans have broke through the British
lines near St Quentim on the Western front in France .No details at present but it will no
doubt lead to a big British defeat with the loss of thousands of prisoners to the Germans.
I was gas light printing tonight . Steve received the mail at 4.30 pm and is leaving Baie
Sat 23rd The weather ____ a dirty day wind S.E. strong with snow . Bar at 9pm28.90 ther
30°.0 Max temp 30°.0 min temp 21°.0 mean temp 27°.00 above the average by 2°.0
Weekly Temp Record .
Highest 35°.0 on the 21st. lowest 7°.0 on the 19th
Range 28.0.Highest min temp 21°.0, on the 23rd.lowest max temp 24°.0 on the 19th ,
Highest mean temp 24°.00 on the 23rd ,Lowest mean temp17°.70 on the 28th mean max
temp 29°.70;mean min temp14°.40. mean range of temp29°.70 mean min temp21°.84
higher by 0°.59 than that of last week. Mean of bar at 9pm29°.29.
SUN 24TH __Palm Sunday Mr Wood held prayers at 11 am and again at 3.30 pm I
attended both services .
Very serious war news tonight .The Germans have defeated the British near St Quent-in
--- and claim to have captured 25,000 prisoners 400 cannon, 300 machine guns also
that the Germans are bombarding Paris from a distance of 75 miles from a monster
cannon evidently a new invention
The weather - dull & overcast wind South with occasional snowstorms.
Bar at 9pm 28.92 in ther27.8 max temp33.0 min temp25.0 mean temp29.15 above the
average by 5.15
Mar 25th No news today .Steve arrived with the parcel mail nearly all for Jacksons
Arm, The Jacksons arm mail men arrived here at 11am and left at 2pm shortly after
Steve’s arrival. Rev Mr Meaden left with them .The southern mail left Springdale at 3
The weather ---overcast on the whole, snow squalls at times; Wind S.W.&W. Bar at 9pm
29.00 in ther 25.0 max temp31.5 min temp21.0 mean temp24.50 lower by 1.40 than that
of average past 14 years .
Tues Mar.26th 1918 Steve left here with the mail at 10am. Wm Jacobs is going
tomorrow to help Steve with extra parcel mails which came last time. From todays news
it appears the Germans have taken 10 miles of front ,45,000British prisoners, 600
cannons and thousands of machine guns. The drive seems to be slowing down somewhat
but I am of the opinion that the allies will lose all the ground gained by them during the
past two years. On the Western front. The French having to give ground to keep in
contact with the British.
Dick Martin has been here all day working at odd jobs .The Hewitts killed a seal this
Darius Jacobs hauled 74 turns of wood for us this afternoon. People here from Pumbley
The weather; ---overcast all day , snowing tonight , Wind S.W & N.E. S.E. tonight .
Bar29.00 ther25.0 max temp33.0 min temp22.9 mean temp26.55 below the average by
I took three photos of Cyril Jacobs &John Gale of Pumbley Cove this afternoon.
Wed. 27th All White Bay mail men reached Baie Verte today. Southern mail leaving
Burlington early tomorrow am as the St johns line was interrupted all the am and nearly
all the pm we received no public news, but St. Johns reports todays war news better, the
British recovery enough to deliver counter attacks against the Germans..
I printed and fixed a batch of 8 solo prints from the negs .of Cyril Jacobs & John Gale
this am & pm.
William Jacobs left here at 8am and reached Baie Verte at 6.30 pm quite a record I should
Darius Jacobs hauled 43 turns of wood for us today.
Wed 27th The weather ----overcast with occasional snow storms. Foggy this am &
early pm. Mild Wind SE& NE. Bar at 9pm 29.14 ther 32.3 max temp 33.9min temp24.0
mean temp31.35 above the average by 4.15.
Thurs 28th Not much being done here today .Steve & William Jacobs left Baie Verte
with mail at 4pm.
Yesterday and today new indicate that the big German drive has slowed down sand that
on the whole the France-British forces are now holding them in check .
Darius Jacobs finished hauling 400 turns of wood for us today.
The weather –overcast on the whole with occasional snow squalls. Wind WNW &North.
Max temp 35.0, min. temp 22.5 mean temp 26.55 below the average by 1.95.
Fri. 29th . 1918 Good Friday Mr Wood held services at 10.30 am and at 3pm. I
attended both services. At 7pm William & Stephen Jacobs arrived with a large mail
principally parcels for Jackson’s Arm. Office hours 9 to 10am 4 to 6 pm. No important
war news except that the British have won an important victory over the Turks in
Wesopslavia. Taking 3,000 prisoners and wiping out the Turkish army there.. The big
German drive gradually dropping out after taking 25 miles. of front in places or more than
the allies gained during the past two years but with the allied lines unbroken. The
weather –splendid day fine warm and sunny .Wind W&W. N. W.W. Bar at 9pm 29.58
ther 27.80 max temp36.5 min temp14.1 mean temp25.45 below the average by 2.95.
This has been a bloody week thousands & thousands of men being killed and wounded in
battle’ How long oh Lord, How Long?
Sat 30th A busy day, people here from Big Island, Pumbley Cove, Perbeck Cove, Wild
Cove, Back Cove & Middle Arm. The German drive still continues but apparently
slowing down somewhat. The Germans report having captured 70,000 prisoners and 1000
cannons since their drive started. They gained 37 miles in places and are only 53 miles
The Italians are expecting a big Austrian drive shortly, if so I expect they will round up
the Italians and eventually enter Rome. April bids fair to be a critical month for the
Enteutc?? Allies. And I should not be surprised if the Germans captured Paris before the
end of the month.
Fine and sunny; wind S.W. Bar: 29.54; ther 29.3; max temp. 39.0; min temp 25.0; mean
temp 28.15; below the average by 0.75.
Weekly Temp Record.
Highest 39.0 on the 30th lowest 14.1 on the 29th Range 24.9 Highest min tempp25.0 on the
24th&30th lowest min temp31.5 on the 25th.Highest mean temp 31.35 on the 27th Lowest
mean temp 24.50on the 25th mean max temp34.56 mean min temp 22.07 mean range of
temp 12.49 mean temp 24.38 higher by 5.51 than that of last week. Mean of bar at 9pm
Sun 31st Easter Day ----Parson Wood held service at 11 am and at 3.30pm.People here
from Wild Cove Black Cove, Pumbley Cove Big Island & Purbeck Cove to attend prayers.
The largest Easter congregation I have seen in our church for many years .Tonight news
show a great improvement in the allied war situation even reports slight gain for British&
French and repulse???of the Germans in several sections . God grant that the Easter week
will bring a big allied victory
Sun 31st The weather overcast but no falling weather wind sw but very light Bar 29.28in
ther31.4 max temp36.0 min temp15.0 mean temp 29.70 above the average by 1.30
Monthly Temp Record. March 1918
Highest 39.0 on the 30th Lowest –12.0 on the 8th Range51.Highest min temp 25.0on the
24th &30th Lowest max temp7.6 on the 5th Highest mean temp31.35 on the 27th Lowest
mean temp 0.00 on the 4th mean max temp 25.03 mean min temp 8.73 mean range of
temp16.30 mean temp 16.65 below average (04-17) by 5.61 and the coldest March on my
record being 1.25 lower than March 1907 the previous coldest . mean of bar at 9pm 29.63
April 1st 1918 Mon 1st
I have been busy today about mail work. The Jacksons Arm mail men were here today leaving at
People here from Bear Cove, Old Lacey from Perbeck Cove and people here from Pumbley Cove.
No important war news today ,The big German drive seems to be over for the present.
The weather----overcast on the whole but fine and sunny at times. Wind S.W. & E light now tonight .
Bar at 9pm 29.54 ther 30.0.
Tues 2nd Not much been done here today I fixed up the paper account and posted the orders this
afternoon. No important war news except that the British have made another big advance in
Steve reached Seal Cove early this afternoon.
The weather -----foggy with sleet at times turning to snow since 5pm Wind S.E. Bar29.29in. Max
temp33.5 min temp, 29.0 mean temp30.00 the average by 2.70.
Wed 3rd No important war news today. The southern mail at Burlington tonight.
I painted and fixed a batch of 8 soilo prints today. Nobody here from outside.
The weather---overcast this early am but fine & sunny on the whole. Wind W.N.W&W at times but
calm since 3pm . Bar 29.29 in.ther.32.8 max temp38.0 min temp32.50 above the average by 6.20
Thur4th The mail reached Baie Verte today, Steve and another man leaving Baie Verte with the White
Bay mail early tomorrow am .L. R. Rice here from Bear Cove this pm. No important news today.
The weather fine and sunny but cold and frosty. Wind NNW strong breeze Bar at 9pm 29,62 ther.25.0
max temp33.7 min temp23.2 mean temp 24,60 below average by 1.20
Fri. 5th The Germans started another big drive yesterday and made slight progress at some points.
Steve left Seal Cove coming this way at 12.45pm He has a large mail .
The weather ;----Blowing very hard from the E.N.E.. with snow. Cove ice broke up and go out. About
6 wks of new snow down.
Bar. At 9pm.29.38 ; ther 28.8 max temp29.0 min temp24.4 mean temp27.40 above the average by
Sat 6th ;-----Heavy fighting taking place in France .France British holding out okay up to last night..
Stave reached here with the mail at 12.30 pm. The St Johns papers gave details of the big German
drive on the Western front .The British estimate that the Germans lost 400,000 killed and wounded .
The weather ;---dull and cloudy with snow & hail this am, overcast but clearing this pm. Wind SE
&NE. Bar at 9pm29.82 ther;26.8 max temp. 34.5 min temp 26.o mean temp 27.90 below average by
Sat 6th ;-- Weekly Temp Record.;
Highest 39.6 on the 1st ,Lowest 15.0 on the 31st. Range 24.6 ,Highest min temp 29.1 on the 3rd
Lowest max temp29.0 on the 5th Highest mean temp 32.5 on the 3rd . lowest mean temp 24.60 on the 4th
mean max temp 34.90 mean min temp24.88 mean range of temp 10.02 mean temp28.87 .Higher than
that of last week by 1.50 mean of bar at 9pm 29.46 .
Sun. 7th;-------Mr Wood held his usual service both of which I attended ..No important war news
tonight except a report that Japan has invaded Ulidulock??? In Eastern Siberia.
The weather ;-----Splendid Day ,fine and sunny but rather frosty for the season ,light N&N N E Wind.
Bar at 9pm 30.34 in .ther 16.0 max temp 27.2 min temp 12.1 mean temp18.50 below average by 12.10.
Mon 8th ;---- The morning news reports that the second phase of the German drive has ended after
3 days with the allies still with standing the Germans successfully on the whole . The Jacksons Arm
mail men arrived here about 10am leaving again at 11 am. .John Budden came with them to be sworn
as a surveyor of lumber before me.. People here from Pumbley Cove . The St Johns’ line has been
interrupted all the pm.
The weather ;----- after a very frosty night this has been a fine sunny day. with light southwest and
Therm at 9pm 25.0 Bar30.00 max temp 28.0 min temp 2.0 mean temp 20.00 below average by 9.60 .
Tues 9th ;--- The lines to St Johns’ were interrupted until after 5pm .so no war news today .Steve left
here with the mail this early pm.
Old Lacey here from Perbeck Cove grub hunting.
I was sawing wood for the house with Steve this am.
The weather ;-- dirty day sleet and cold rain falling. Foggy wind south light Bar at 9pm 29,93
therm.30.4 max temp33.8 min temp23.2, mean temp29.20 above the average by 1.80.
Wed 10th No important war news .Jack Ricketts of Big Isld was here to shop this morning and
Thos. Rice of Wild Cove this afternoon.
The weather ;-----dirty weather blowing heavy from northeast with snow Bar at 9pm 29.98 in
therm. 22.0 max temp31.6. min temp 21.5 mean temp25.00 below the average by 3.70.
Thurs 11th;-----Nothing being done here today Seal Cove report a big jam of ice moving in the bay .
The weather blowing hard from the northeast with snow this am. clearing this pm and tonight wind
dropping . Bar at 9pm 29.93 therm 26.0 max temp28.0 min temp18.1 mean temp23.50 below
average by 7.80 .
Fri 12th;----Todays news record Germans gains against the British in Flanders ,nothing doing
elsewhere. Steve reached Seal Cove returning with the mail at 5pm. I took two views of the Cove for
stersoscopical purposes this early pm. The negs are okay .White Bay now full of drift ice no sign
of seals on it however.
From todays news the NFLD Gouv. Are evidently preparing to enforce a long needed measure of
conscription to keep the Royal Nfld Regt up to full strength . The assembly opens April 23rd .
Weather splendid day fine warm and southerly moderate Bar at 9pm 29.78.therm30.0 max
temp43,.0 min temp12.3 mean temp29.25 below average by 3.85.
Sat. 13th.;----A little struggle now in progress in Northern France& Flanders between the Germans &
the British .The Germans object being to seize the French Channel ports of Dunkirk & Calais and
destroy the British army. They are apparently making progress in some parts of the battle front .
This has been a busy day with us. People here to the shop from Hampden. Perbeck Cove &Pumbley
Cove. Simon Gale the Hampden mailmen around 11am Steve arrived here about 3.30pm with the
southern mail. The Hampden mail left here about 5pm going as far as Pumbley Cove tonight.
Weather dulland cloudy with scattered snow storms this pm .strong northeast winds. Bar 29.97 in.
max temp35.2; min temp 22.4 mean temp 32.00 above average by 0.40
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 43.0 on the 12th .Lowest 12.0 on the 8th, Range 41.0 Highest min temp23.2 on the 9th Lowest
max temp24.2 on the 7th.Highest mean temp32.00 on the 13th. Lowest mean temp 18.50 on the 4th
mean max temp 32.40 mean min temp15.94 mean range of temps 26.446. mean TEMP 25.35
LOWER THAN THAT OF LAST WEEK BY 3.52 mean of Bar at 9pm 29.99.
Sun 14th Parson Wood held his usual services I attended both today .News is as follows
____’’News of the past 24 hours shows that Germans are attacking in great force from areas to
River lys and pressing the British lines , back in several places .Several important towns captured by
Rheims all in flames, British lines holding solid whole length of the battle line . French and British
reinforcements being speedily rushed to the front .Comment in Needlers ; ’Tis the Germans day;
The power of evil has defeated the good:
The weather_ overcast on the whole foggy this am and again since 4.30pm wind S. Bar at 9pm
29.63 in ther 29.0 max temp 35.o min temp26.0 mean temp 30.50 above the average by 0.50
Mon 15th not much being done here today .Early this pm the Jacksons ‘ Arm mail arrived ,they
walked across on the ice but are remaining here tonight because of rough weather
Todays war news reports the Germans still pushing the British back between Arras and the Lys river
British lines remain unbroken however and reinforcements are being hurried to the scene, Simon
Rice of Wild Cove was here to the office this am.
Weather dirty day snowing and blowing a dale from the ENE .Bar 29.555 ther 22.9 max temp 32.9
min temp 21,8 mean temp 26.70 below average by 3.20.
Tues 16th The Germans are still pressing hard against the British lines in Flanders and Northern
France . They captured one important town on the Franco –Belgium frontier but elsewhere the
British are holding them back . Steve will leave here with the mail tomorrow am. Steve and Dick
Martin were sawing wood for us this pm.
I was up in the parsonage this afternoon.
The weather clear but overcast this afternoon wind NE &W clear and cold tonight.
WED 17TH Todays war news is still far from hopeful The Germans are still advancing near Ypres
and its expected that Ypres will be evacuated by the British .I printed toned and fixed a batch of
8P.G. P. prints today ,.Andrew Rice here from bear cove and Thos Stuckless from Purbeck cove
Weather fine and sunny but cold and frosty this am. Wind NW &SW SINCE 3 PM wind east with
snow. Bar at 9pm 29.27in. ther 2o.5 max temp 29.5 min temp7.4 mean temp18.75 below average by
Thur.18th Todays war news show a slight improvement in the situation. The mail left Burlington
early this am .Steve left Baie Verte at 11.30 am. There is more snow on the ground now than I have
ever seen at any time since we have been living here. The men say they have never seen so much
snow in the woods before. The weather ,sky rather cloudy at times but sunny on the whole .Blowing
hard from the WNW&W cold and frosty in fact a winters day .Bar at 9pm 29.51 ther 22.4 max temp
26.5 min temp6.5 mean temp20.40 below average by 11.30.
Fri 19th War situation still improving ,the allies repulsed all German attacks yesterday.
Steve left Seal Cove at 11.30am. coming this week , People here from Hampden & Purbeck Cove ,
Weather overcast on the whole but sunny at times a snowstorm between 1 and 2pm .Wind W &
WNW strong .Bar at 9pm 29.68 ther 24.0 max temp30.8 min temp17.1 mean temp25.00 below
average by 8.3.
Sat 20th . This is our Milley’s birthday she completes her fourth year today. No important war
news today .Steve arrived with the mail this am. The Jacksons Arm mail men arrived at 5.30 pm .
Sydney Adams with them .They remain here tonight. People here from Pumbley Cove and Wild
Weather fine and sunny on the whole blowing very hard from the NW Bar at 9pm 29.45 ther 27.0
max temp33.6 min temp 15.0 mean temp 27.00 below average by 5.9.
Weekly temperature Record.
Highest 35.1 on the 14th lowest 6.5 on the 18th Range 28.6 Highest min temp26.0 on the 14th Lowest
max temp 26.0 on the 14th Highest mean temp 30.50 on the 14th lowest mean temp 18.75 on the 17th
mean max temp 30.98 mean min temp 15.54 mean range of temp 15.41 mean temp 24.16 lower by
1.19 than that of last week mean of bar at 9pm 29.53.
SUN 21ST No prayers held here today I have a bad back .No important war news today. The
Jacksons Arm mailmen and Sydney Adams left here this am.
Weather -----splendid day fine and sunny quite spring like ,Wind WSW Bar 29.77 ther 34.0 max
temp 40.0 min temp 24.2 mean temp 33.50 above average by 1.50.
Mon 22nd No important war news but reports of serious opposition to conscriptions in Ireland.
My back is not much better .The mail left Millertown Junction at 5pm.
Weather --dirty days raining hard this am wind SSW strong ; foggy& misty this evening wind
S&SE .Bar at 9pm 28.92 ther 33.0 max temp41.0 min temp 27..2 mean temp 33.75 above average by
Tues 23rd Still no important war news but the American authorities expect another big German
drive shortly .
Steve and Simon Jacobs cleared out the lower shed in preparation for the seals this am
Steve left with the mail at noon today.
18 Years ago today ,April 23rd 1900 we settled In this present dwelling house
Weather -----overcast except for a short time between 11am and 3pm wind WSW 7sw Bar at 9pm
29.24 ther 36.4 .Max temp 40.5 min temp 32.0 mean temp36.70 above average 0.90 .
Wed 24th ------No important war news .Nobody here from outside except Old Lacey of Purbeck Cove
here for flour this early pm.
Weather ---overcast winds SW &NE Bar 29.29 max temp39.1 min temp33.0 mean temp35.05
below average by 0.5.
Thu 25th ----Some men were down to Bear Cove to attend a meeting for the election of a new road
board for the South Side White Bay ,Breen , Adam Rice ,& James Gavan were elected for Bear
Cove ;Alfred Bank for Middle Arm ;Andrew Fudge & Alex Hewitt for Westport ;Thos Stuckless for
Pumbley Cove ;Elijah Gale for Hampden .
Luke Gale of Pumbley Cove shipped me 9 seals this afternoon.
The Germans started another big offensive yesterday and have made some progress near Amiems but
very heavy fighting continues .
Elsie cleaned up the telegraph office this am..
Weather---overcast with occasional snow , wind E&SE Bar at 9pm 29.12 Ther 31.0 max temp35.0
min temp 30.0 mean temp 30.75 below average by 4.25.
Fri 26th ----The big German drive still continues with success in places but the British regained some
positions yesterday .
Dick Martin & I sawed 6 large turns of wood this pm .
Weather overcast with fog this am but some snow this pm. About 5in of snow fell last night. Bar
29.45.max temp 36.0 min temp 30.0 mean temp 34.40 above the average by 0.30.
Sat 27th ----- The Germans gained an important victory yesterday by capturing an important hill
which is described as the key to the Ypres Salient and which the British have been unable to
recapture . It is feared Ypres will have to be abandoned and the situation is regarded by the British
newpapers as very serious as it is feared the German will eventually obtain possession of the French
Channel seaports there by increasing the strain on the British communications .
Simon Gale the Hampden mailman accompanied by Arch Osborne arrived here this pm..
Steve left Seal Cove at 6 or 7 this am. But has not arrived yet 9.30 pm.
Full of ice up this way again, none below Hauling Pt.
Weather –overcast at times but fine and sunny on the whole ; wind NW & W . light .Bar 29.67 ther
37.9 max temp43.0 min temp 33.0 mean temp 36.95 above average 2.35.
Weekly temp record.
Highest 43.0 on the 27th Lowest 24.2 on the 21st Range 18.80 ,Highest min temp 33.0 on the 24th &
27th Lowest max temp35.0 on the 25th Highest mean temp 36.95 on the 27th Lowest mean max
temp39.23 mean min temp29.91 mean range of temp 9.32 mean temp 30.75 on the 25th mean max
temp39.23 ; mean min temp 29.91 mean range of temp 9.32 mean temp 34.44 , mean of bar at 9 pm
Sun.28th _____Mr Wood held service today .I attended both services . Todays’ war news report a
great counter revolution in Russia. The exchyars son has been proclaimed Emperor with the Grand
Duke Nicolas as regent..
Weather ______Splendid day, fine & sunny light E&W winds .Bar at 9pm 29.91in.. Max temp 41.0
min temp 28.0 mean temp 32.50 below the average by 3.70.
Mon 29th _--
Todays news seem to indicate that the latest German drive in the Ypres section has spent its force
and that the situation is now at a deadlock although the London newspaper seems to take a
pessimistic view and are evidently trying to prepare us for an evacuation of not only Ypres but also
the French Channel sea coast as far as Bolougne . On the other hand advice from Amsterdam
indicate that the German newspapers are also pessimistic and empahize the great loss of German
lives ,some even considering that things are at a deadlock . God alone knows what the outcome will
The Jacksons Arm mail will be here this am leaving again at 3pm.
Weather ___Splendid day fine warm & sunny snow cutting away fast ; wind SW ice moving out this
afternoon . Bar at 9pm 29.88 ther. 41.0 max temp 51.0 min temp 23.1 mean temp 39.00 above the
average by 4.10.
Tues.30th __ The Germans made a heavy attack on the British positions around Yrpes yesterday but
were repulsed all along the the line with very heavy losses . Steve intends leaving with the mail in
punt tomorrow morning . I took a photo of Pearce Rice & Gladys Jacobs and one of Millie and them
this afternoon .
Weather _____fine & warm today, strong breeze SW Wind, bay clear of ice well above this place.
Bar at 9pm 29.42 ther. 4.30 raining tonight. Max temp 53.6 min temp 36.0 mean temp 44.10 above
the average by 10.20.
April is going out very mild , snow melting away fast , nice Sunday.
Monthly Temp Record (April)
Highest 53.6 on the 30th ; Lowest 2.0 on the 8th Range 51.6 Highest min temp 36.0 on the 30.0
lowest min temp 26.5 on the 18th , Highest mean temp44.10 on the 30th, lowest mean temp 18.50 on
the 7th mean max temp 35.74 mean min temp 22.54 mean range temp 13.20 meann temp29.10 ,below
the average 104-(1917 )by 2.17; mean of bar at 9pm 29.95 corrected.
May 1st 1918
Wed 1st_____ From todays news it appears that the German drive at Ypres is gradually dying down.
Steve reached Seal Cove this afternoon .I took of seals from Wm Gale of Pumbley Cove this am.
Philip Brett & Edmun Ricketts here from Big Isld. this am.
Weather _ rather overcast mild & sultry at times wind SSW &S .E tonight with rain .Bar at 9pm
29.48 ther 37.0 .max temp 53.0 min temp 35.0 mean temp 40.00. above the average by 5.50
Thurs 2nd Jack Uriah & Wm Ricketts of Big Isld shipped us their seals this morning .They had 37
between them. We have 57 seals in store to date..
No important war news today but another big German drive is expected hourly in Flanders .
The mail reached Baie Verte at 6pm .
Weather _-_overcast with rain this am. No falling weather but sky rather overcast this afternoon,
blowing very hard this evening wind SW &W Bar 29.27 in. max temp 49.5 min temp33.0 mean
temp39.25 above the average by 5.45..
Fri 3rd No news today , lines being down between Burlington and St Johns . I took 8 seals from Thos
Stuckless & Job rickets of Pumbley Cove this afternoon.
Weather _____fine & sunny this early morning .Cloudy & overcast since 10 am , snowing this
afternoon. Wind East ;Bar at 9pm 29.55 max temp 41 .2 min temp 29,5 mean temp 33 25 below
average by 2.05.
Sat 4th ___ No news again today lines still open to the southward . Steve arrived with the southern
mail about 3pm . The Jacksons Arm mailmen arrived at 2.30 pm they left again at 4.30pm.
Mother is not well this evening she vomited blood at 6pm.
I took 2 seals from Wm Jacobs 3 from Simon Jacobs and 1 of Aaron Rice today . I have 67 in store
to date .
Weather --_____dirty day wind NE with fog & snow Bar at 9pm 29.40 ther 31.0 max temp 32.8
min temp 30.3 mean temp31.00 below average by 4.40 .
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 53.6 on the 30th lowest 23.1 on the 29th Range 30.5 Highest min temp 36.0 on the
30th,,Lowest max temp 32.8 on the 4th inst ,Highest mean temp 44.1 on the 30th ulto .Lowest mean
temp 31.00 on the 4th inst. Mean max temp 46.01 mean min temp 31.00 mean range 15.31. mean
temp37.01 higher than that of last week by 2.57.
Sun 5th____No prayers here today . No news today .nothing doing . I have been reading all day.
Weather __Blowing hard from the WNW cloudy at times but sunny on the whole, Bar 29.72 in ther
27.8 max temp32.0 min temp 27.0 mean temp 27.40 below average by 8.2.
Mon 6th ____Nobody here from outside except L.L.RICE of Bear Cove Luke Jacobs and Essau
Jacobs etc. of Pound Cove shipped me their seals .I have 77 in store to date
Todays news indicate that the German offensive in Flanders is hanging fire and is being met by a
counter offensive from the Anglo French .
Both mother and Elsie have been unwell today .
The weather __ fine and sunny this early am overcast since 11am ;Wind SW Bar at 9pm 29.62 in’”
Max temp 42.0 min temp 23.0 mean temp 34.00 below average byo.90.
Tues 7th Luke and John Ricketts of Big Isld shipped me 22 seals and Lud Osbourne of Seal Cove
3 this am , I have 102 seals in store to date. A busy day with us ,people here from Big Isld and Seal
Cove . I intend to have my seals shipped tomorrow . I wired Bowering Bros to hear when coastal
boat leaving and expect to receive a reply to effect that no definite arrangements made yet. Steve
received mail tonight and will be starting for Seal Cove in punt tomorrow am. Southern mail left
Springdale at 5pm.
Weather__ Overcast this early am fine and sunny during the middle of the day ;overcast with fog this
evening Wind E Bar
at 9pm 29.72 ther 33.0 max temp 43.0 min temp32.0 mean temp 36.00 below average by 0.30
Wed. 8th ___Not much being done today, It was too dirty to start skinning seals.
No important war news . The southern mail is hung up at South West Arm owing to the ice . Steve
left Seal Cove about 3pm. For Baie Verte .
Weather __Raining this am foggy and misty this pm Wind SE Bar 29.40 ther 32.6 max temp 37
min temp 32.0 mean temp 33.30 below average by 4.70
H.L. Pearce Westport
Thurs 9th _____Darius started skinning our seals at 11am and at 6pm had 63 skinned . Luke Simon
and James Jacobs ,Alex Ricketts and Dick Martin were cutting fat and storing it in casks.
At 6.30pm a motor boat from Jacksons Arm arrived here containing Kenneth Lush J. P. Stanley
Budden, Lot Combdon, and two women, Lush and Combdon are here to send telegraph messages
and are remaining here tonight.
Weather ____foggy and misty Wind e cold Bar at 9pm 24.26 . max temp34.0 min temp30.8 mean
temp 32.00 below average by 6.40 .
Fri 10th __ Darius finished skinning our 102 seals at 11.15 am. and at 3.30 pm we had everything
stored away. We have 17 casks of cut fat . Lush and Combdon returned to Jacksons Arm this evening
. Budden still here awaiting answers to the telegrams he dispatched last evening . The line has been
interrupted between Baie Verte and Burlington all day. James Tueyne here from Back Cove all day.
Weather ___Cold and chilly overcast this am fine and sunny at times this pm Wind SW Bar at
9pm 29.54 ther 38.5 max temp 43.5 min temp 32.1 mean temp 35.75 below average by 4.15.
Sat 11th . __ I have been busy today. 2Wm Rice and old Lacey here this morning. The Jacksons
Arm mailmen accompanied by John Ford, Mr Meaden Sam Hender and Mrs W. T Wicks arrived
here in motor boat this early p.m Steve arrived with a letter mail at 2 pm . The line came okay this
am and I was busy in the telegram office nearly all the pm. James Osborne and Ay Osborne arrived
here at 3.30 pm with the Hampden mail ,they had 2 seals , which gives me 104 to date.
Weather __ overcast wind SW strong rain storms this afternoon Bar at 9pm 29.59 in ther 39.0 max
temp 53.2 min temp 35.5 mean temp 41.00 above average by 1.60.
Weekly Temp Records
Highest 53.2 on the 11th lowest 23.0 on the 6th Range 30.2 Highest min temp 35.5 on the 11th
lowest max temp 32.0 on the 5th ,highest mean temp 41.00 on the 11th lowest mean temp 29.40 on
the 5th ; mean max temp 40.67 mean min temp 30.34 mean range of temp 10.33 mean temp 34.22
lower than that of last wk. By 2.79 mean of bar at 9pm 29.55in.
SUN 12TH _ No prayers today Mrs Susan Jacobs here to dinner and tea .Line open again between
Baie Verte and Burlington .
Weather splendid day fine and sunny wind SW this early am afterwards East Bar at 9pm 30.00 ther
34.5 max temp 49.5 min temp 33.6 mean temp 40.20 above average by 1.50.
Mon 13th___Cyril Jacobs shipped me a young Harp seal this am. L.C and Stafford Rice here from
Bear Cove this afternoon ,.Line open this afternoon from 1 to 5.30 pm and again after 7.30 pm N o
important news today . Conscription enforced throughout the Dominion of NFLD. From Saturday
evening May 11th Class 1 ages 19 to 25 called up from May 24th ,unmarried men and childless
widowers alone affected .
Weather ____ overcast with occasional showers ,very moderate winds ,Bar at 9pm 29.69 ther 49.3
max temp 50.6 min temp 31.2 mean temp 42.15 above average by 2.75 .
Tues 14th Lines open all day . We suppose the trouble is caused by Burlington ground wire being
out of repairs . Rev Mr Meaden and Sydney Adams in the mission motor boat here this am from
Jacksons Arm . Lot Combdon and Albert Burton and wives were here in Combdon motor boat
shortly afterwards. They left again at 1 pm .The weather wind SW overcast with occasional rain
storms . Bar at 9pm 29.59 in Max temp54.1 min temp 44.0 mean temp 49.05 above av. By 10.15 .
Wed 15th No important war news today .The line has been okay all day. Steve and Dick was
sawing wood for us today . The Prospero has not arrived to St Johns from New York yet
Weather ____very foggy this am with heavy rains at times clearing this afternoon ; wind east light
this am . blowing very heavy from NW this evening and tonight Bar 29.42 max temp47.5 min
temp31.2 mean temp 33.90 below av. By 4.40.
Thu 16th No important war news ,line working bad at times today .John Ricketts here from Big
Isld this morning .
Weather fine and sunny ,strong NW wind Bar at 9pm 29.84 in ther 38.5 max temp 47.8 min temp
30.0 mean temp 40.0 above average by 1.40 .
Fri 17th Job and Arthur Osborne of Gold Cove were here with their seals this early pm . They had
18 which Darius Jacobs skinned for me . I had Dick Martin and JAMES Jacobs employed cutting
the fat . We had 123 seals the fat is in 19 casks and we have 124 skins to ship to Bowering Bros by
Mother has been unable to quit her bed today having a bad stomach.
Dick Martin was working about the premises this am . No important war news today but it is
expected another big German push will shortly occur.
People here from Purbeck and Pumbley Coves .
Weather a splendid day fine warm and sunny wind east light . Bar 29.81 max temp 47.0 min
temp 28.0 mean temp 39.50 above av. by 0.70 .
Sat 18th Line bad all day no chance of getting news . Dick Martin working about premises all day ,
Alex Hewitt ‘s stage floundered this afternoon . Job and Arthur Osbourne left here for Gold Cove
this am . Mrs Poole going with them on a visit to her mother .
Weather blowing a strong breeze from the SW . fine and sunny on the whole . Bar at 9pm 29.66
ther 47.8 max temp 60.2 min temp 38.0 mean temp 48.75 above average by 10.05.
WEEKLY TEMP RECORD
Highest 60.2 on the 18th lowest 28.0 on the 17th Range 32.2 highest min temp 44.0 on the 14th ,
lowest max temp 47.0 on the 17th .highest mean temp49.05 on the 14th , lowest mean temp 33.90 on
the 15th mean max temp50.96 mean min temp33.71 mean range of temp 17.24 mean tempp41.93
higher by 7.71 than that of last wk. Mean of bar at 9pm 29.42.
Sun. 19th 1918 Wet Sunday Parson Wood held his usual service s today this am attended and
again this pm This morning only 12 people were in church and this evening also there were very few
in attendance . A crew of Jackson Arm men were here in Motor boat at 6pm among them being
Sydney Adams and John Budden. The line works a little better tonight and we got some news .
The Germans haven’t started their
Threatened super drive yet .
Weather ____ dirty cold day wind ESE with snow Bar at 9pm 29.90 max temp 47.8 min temp 32.0
mean temp 34.90 below average by 3.30
Mon. 20th People here from Hampden and Big Island . No important war news . Herring struck in
at Seal Cove today , one man netting 3 barrels . Dick Martin working about premises all day I got a
seal from John Brett this am this makes 124 altogether .
Weather splendid day ,fine and sunny wind west and east Bar at 9pm 29.72 max temp 55.8 min temp
33.2 mean temp 41.25 above average by 3.15
Tues _---21st Joseph Colbourne here in motor boat from Seal Cove at noon today . Joseph brought 1
½ fish for sale . It was Arthur Osborne motor boat and they had Mrs Thomas Stuckless aboard so she
went to Purbeck Cove leaving Joe Colbourne and Joe Rice here returning for them at 2pm and leaving
here for Seal Cove shortly afterward . This afternoon Mr Meaden was here from Jacksons Arm in the
mission motor boat . He left again for home at 6pm. Joe Ricketts here from Big Isld , old Joe is 83 yrs
old and is comparatively smart and able to do a fair days work.
Weather ____splendid this early am about 11am it became cloudy and overcast with rain this pm , It
has been fine and sunny with strong north west winds . max temp 57.5 min temp 58.0 mean temp
48.35 above average by 10.15 Bar at 9pm 29.73 ther 43.5 .
Wed 22nd 1918 Nothing doing today. Em Jacobs netted nearly a barrel of herring this afternoon .
No important war news lately .
Weather splendid ,fine and dry but blowing a heavy gale from the north west and north north west.
Bar at 9pm 29.84 ther 38.8 max temp 43.9 min temp 34.5 mean temp 39.30 below average by 14.0
Thurs 23rd I have been very busy in the office today I sent 14 messages and received 6 . cash $4.04 .
Sydney Adams .John Budden Emma Adams and Geo Hender were here from Jacksons Arm in
Sydney’s motor boat while Hender and Budden measured some of Alex Rickett’s juniper sticks . they
returned home at 6pm People here from Purbecks Cove and Pumbley’s Cove . I was out for a spin
with Mr Wood in boat this am she reels of her 9 to 10 knots okay .
Weather dull and overcast wind east Bar at 9pm 29.52 min temp 28.0 max temp 42.8 mean temp
37.00 below average by 5.30
Fri 24th Empire day Darius Jacobs packed our seal skins today , Else Jacobs cleaned up the
telegraph office today after 10 am . office hrs today 9 to 10 am and 4 to 6pm Stafford Philip and
Heber Rice here from Bear Cove this early pm to get passes to join the NFLD Regt .
Weather -dull and overcast ; blowing hard from the northwest with snow squalls Bar at 9pm 24.42 min temp
33.5 max temp 42.0 mean temp 36.50 below average by 4.40 ther 37.0
Drift ice reported from Coachmans Cove .
Sat_25th The S.S. Prospero left St John s at 2.30 pm coming north .
No public news today ,Simon Gale was here with the Hampden mail this early pm and left again at
3pm .Edward and Walter Gale here from Pumbley Cove with 3 bedlamers seals this pm .I was unable
to take them owing to having my seals all packed and ready for shipment
Weather fine and sunny this am overcast with rain this pm. Wind southwest Bar at 9pm 29.52 ther
38.5 max temp 48.5 min temp 34.2 mean temp 40.5 above average by 2.05
Mar 26th Parsons Wood held his usual services today Trinity Sunday .I attended both services
Weather overcast this am fine and sunny this pm . wind southeast and northeast foggy tonight . Bar
at 9pm 29.74 ther 30.2 max temp 41.5 min temp 30.0 mean temp 32.0 below average by 8.20.
Mar 27th Not much being done today. The S.S. Prospero left Twillingate at 12 .50 pm . Fair sign of
herring this morning . People here from Jacksons Arm , Arch Small of lower Wild Cove was here this
evening in motor boat on his way home from Browns Cove where he went this evening for a servant
for Wesley Pardy Cyril Jacobs and Essau brought us 520 birch billots today . Our women have been
housecleaning , they had Else Jacobs employed helping them .
Weather splendid day fine and sunny wind south west and northeast , Bar 29.73 ther 40.0 max
temp 46.8 min temp 25.0 mean temp 41.0 below the average by 1.10
Tues 28th The Germans have started their long expected super drive , not much details as yet but on
the River Aisue they have forced the British back in some places .
Herring scarce today . Thos Stuckless and Alex Gale here from Pumbley Cove this am . Edward
Stuckless from Purbeck Cove for salt this pm .
The S.S. Prospero in at Little Bay Isld tonight . The cape shore of Green Bay is blocked with ice.
Weather wind west south west with rain this am . wind east with fog this pm overcast with fog all
day .. Bar at 9pm 29.77 Ther 36.5 max temp 42.0 min temp 34.0 mean temp 36.75 below average by
Wed 29th The S. S. Prospero left Seal Cove at 9.25 (sun time ) and is due here about midnight .
People here from Pumbley Cove Big Isld and Bear Cove . Sam Hender here in motor boat from
Jacksons Arm this pm . Herring scarce today . We are getting short of salt .
Weather Fine and sunny Wind East and North East . Bar at 9pm 29.85 ther 34.8 . max temp42.0
min temp 32.0 mean temp 35.40 below average by 5.10.
Thu 30th The S.S. Prospero arrived here at 4.30 am and left again at 7.30 am. She landed quite a bit
of freight for Batstone of Hampden, Batstone and Thos Jacobs here in motor boat this early pm .
People here from Pumbley Cove and Big Isld ,.Old Lacey here from Purbeck Cove . I did not turn in
during last night so I feel very sleepy tonight.
The Germans still advancing in the Campaign Country and Soissious and Rheims are practically in
their hands with 25000 allied prisoners .
I was up to the parsonage this afternoon and Mr Wood was here to the office this evening .
Weather Splendid day ; fine and sunny blowing very hard at times from the Southwest and West
South West .Bar at 9pm 29.61 , therm 47.5 max temp 54.0 min temp 34.0 mean temp 47.75 above
the average by 8.35 .
Fri.31st __ The war news is very serious. The Germans are bound for Paris this time and I am
decidedly of the opinion that they will get there this time ok . They are successfully carrying out their
plans and have taken 35,000 prisoners and large quantities of military supplies near Rheims.
Batstone and Co unable to leave today because of high winds. Simon Gale and Thos Osborne arrived
here from Hampden this early pm.
Weather ___Blowing a hurricane from the Southwest fine and sunny at times this am .but overcast
with rainstorms this pm , heavy rain tonight . Bar at 9pm 29.29 in ; therm 48.0 max temp 50.9 min
temp 43.0 mean temp 47.00 above average by 8.40.
Monthly Temp Record (May ) 1918
Highest 60.2 on the 18th .Lowest 23.0 on the 6th Range 37.2 Highest min temp 44.0 on the 14th
Lowest max temp 32.0 on the 5th . Highest mean temp 49.05 on the 14th .Lowest mean temp 27.40 on
the 5th mean max temp 46.24 mean min temp 32.50 mean range of temps 13.74 mean temp 38.53
about average mean of Bar at 9pm 29.92 corrected .
July 3rd 1918
Wed. 3rd __ On the 2nd of June I left for St. Johns by S.S. Prospero. We arrived St. John Thursday
evening June 6th, and found that the Prospero was to be taken off the northern Coastal route to run to
Sydney and New York. We were held up at St. Johns from June 6trh to June 22nd before they for
another ship, the S.S. Seal, to take up he Northern service. Even then there is no prospect of a regular
service. E. W. Breen of Bear Cove also went to St. Johns by Prospero. We left St. Johns Saturday,
June 22nd, and after a pleasant trip reached home Thursday night – June 27th . I then struck a very busy
period as Herring had been very plentiful so that our people had collected over 300 brls. Which we
decided to ship by S. S. Seal on her return from North. She got back Sunday night – June 30th and it
took 9 hours to ship 450lbs of herring 343 brl. Being ours, the remainder belonging to different other
people. We are now faced by a shortage of salt and today we have no salt left out of 24 Hbd. landed
from S.S. Seal Saturday last.
July 3rd 1918
Wed. 3rd __ Fish seems to be striking in lately. This is the first day of leisure I have had since my
return from St. John’s. I intend to fix up my June temp. record which Elsie keep during my absence.
June temp. record 1918
Highest, 73.0°, on the 27th, Lowest, 29.0, on the 2nd, Range 44.0°, Highest-Min. temp, 50.0, on the 23rd,
and 29th, Lowest-Max temp., 37.0°, on the 2nd, Highest mean temp., 54.00°, on the 23rd, Lowest mean
temp., 33.00°. pm the 2nd, mean max temp, 56.33, mean min. temp. 39.63, mean Range of temp.
16.70°, mean temp. 47.17, above the average (04-17) by 0.50°.
The weather : -Today:- fine and sunny on the whole, wind SW this am. West – this PM.
Max temp. 66.0°, min temp. 42.0°; mean temp. 59.65°; above the average by 8.95.
Thu. 4th __ Fish scarce today. Shem Ford and Son here from Jackson’s Arm in his brother boat to
dispatch, and await replies to messages for Budden Bros. They received replies and left again at 4 PM.
Uriah Ricketts and wife from Big Island and Thos Stuckless, mother and wife here from Pumbley
Cove this early PM.
No important war news these days.
The weather: - splendid day; fine and sunny; mod. East winds. Bar 29.93.
Max temp. 70.2°; min temp. 49.2°; mean temp. 56.00°; above the average by 3.70°
July 5th 1918
Fri. 5th __ No fish; I had James Jacobs employed refracting Herring and fixing up a salt tub. People
here from Seal Cove and Pumbley Cove. A freighting schooner in here this PM looking for herring to
freight to St. John’s. She left for Hampden shortly afterwards. No important war news.
Fri. 5th The weather: fine, warm and sunny this early am.
Wind N. with thick fog this PM.
Bar at 9 PM, 29.95
Max temp. 61.5°; min temp. 44.0°; mean temp. 52.25°; above the average by 1.05°.
Sat. 6th. __ Henders motor boat here this AM. Sam Hender dispatched some telegrams. People here
from Big Island, Pumbley Cove, Hampden and Hauling Point. Wm. Gavin Jr. died at Back Cover 1
am, aged 17 years. I took a photo of Luke Jacobs, his wife and young son this PM. James Jacobs
working about the old shed today. The Hewitts trapped 1 barrel of fish today.
The weather: fine and sunny on the whole; wind NE. light; thick fog again since 7 PM.
Bar. 29.88. Ther. 45.0°
Max. temp. 53.5°; min temp. 42.3°; mean temp. 45.00° below the average by 6.40°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest, 70.2°, on the 4th; Lowest, 39.0°, on the 2nd, Range 31.2°; Highest-min temp. 49.2°, on the 4th;
Lowest base?? Temp., 52.2°, on the 2nd; Highest mean temp, 59.65°, on the 3rd; Lowest mean temp.,
45.00, on the 6th; mean max temp. 60.20°; mean min temp. 43.07; mean Range 17.13°; mean temp.
Sun. 7 __ No prayers here today. I took a walk below Pound Cove this afternoon.
The weather: -overcast with light E.S.E. wind.
Bar 29.86; ther. 48.8°.
Max temp. 51.0°; min temp. 43.0°; mean temp. 48.90°; below the average by 4.00°.
July 8th 1918
Mon. 8th __ This seems to be a good sign of fish in White Bay Simon Jacobs secured over a barrel
today. People here from Big Island this am. A great scarcity Of salt here at present. I developed Luke
Jacobs photo tonight. It is ok. No important war news but our authorities are in daily expectation of
another great German drive in France.
The weather: wind N.E. with thick fog but no falling weather; Bar. 29.90; Ther. 46.0°. Max temp.
54.8°; min. temp. 45.0°; mean temp. 48.00; below the average by 4.40°.
Tue. 9th __ The S.S. Susu leaves St. John’s tonight, she calls at Seal Cove, Bear Cove, Westport and
Jacksons Arm. James and Stephen Jacobs are gone to Hampden with a message for Batstone from
People here from Hauling Point: James Twyne, received a message to the effect that his son James is
dead according to a German official list dated June 18th 1918.
The weather: foggy and overcast, wind East: misty this am and early pm. Bar. At 9 PM, 29.78in;
ther. 45.2° Max temp. 48.5°; min temp. 44.0°; mean temp 45.10°; below the average by 7.30°.
Wed. 10th __ I was up to the Parsonage this am to get the church register to obtain the names and ages
of those young men who comes under the Military Service Act. No report from the Susu today.
Combdon and Bath here in motor boat looking for share men to go in Buddens schooner fishing on the
North Shore. Steve and Jim Jacobs arrived home from Hampden this evening.
The weather: raining this am; foggy all day; wind East. Bar. 29.71; ther 48.5.
Max temp. 49.8; min temp. 44.0; mean temp. 47.25; below the average by 9.05.
July 11th 1918
Thu. 11th __ Steve and Luke Jacobs went to Jacksons Arm with a message for Hender and was back by
2 PM. People here from Big Island, Pumbley Cove and Hauling Point.
Wilfred Dawe of Dawe & Sons went up to Hampden in a large motor boat this evening.
The weather: fine and sunny on the whole; wind S.W. this am., N this PM; calm tonight; slight
showers this PM. Bar at 9 Pm 29.65 in.; ther. 51.5°
Susu at Exploits this evening.
Max temp. 70.0°; min temp. 47.1°; mean temp. 53.75°; below the average by 3.45°.
Fri. 12th __ Not much fish being caught there day. The S.S. Susu arrived here at 9 PM. The had 106
brls. Salt and other stuff for us which took over 3 hours to discharge.
The weather: fine and sunny on the whole this am. and early Pm; wind E. with fog since 2 PM.
Max temp. 71.1°; min temp. 50.0°; mean temp. 58.00°; above the average by 2.90°.
Sat. 13th __ The S.S. Susu left here going north at am. The Hewitts trapped 10 barrels of fish today.
Wm. Jacobs and George Hurley are working in the Hewitts traps this summer.
Dawe in Jackmans motor boat was here on his way out the Bay from Hampden this afternoon.
I was up to the Parsonage after “Good night” bar??. Wood gave me some good Gramaphone
selections. The line has been working very bad during the past few days. We could get no news
yesterday and only one lot today. Nothing of importance.
There is a report from Amsterdam that Lou?? Hinderburg is dead but I don’t think the report can be
July 13th 1918
Sat 13th __The weather: wind East; foggy after the early am. Max temp. 60.5°; min temp 49.0°; man
temp. 53.50°; below the average by 2.20°
Weekly Temp Record.
Highest, 71.1°, on the 12th; Lowest, 43.0°, on the 7th; Range 28.1°; Highest-min temp., 50.0°, on the
12th; Lowest-max temp., 48.5 on the 9th; Highest mean temp. 58.00, on the 12th; Lowest mean temp.
45.10°, on the 9th; mean max temp. 57.96°; mean max. temp 45.87°; mean range of temp. 12.09°;
mean temp. 50.64°; lower than that of last week by 0.72°.
Sun. 14th __ No prayers here today. I have been reading the newspapers and fixing up my temp.
The weather: cold and overcast; Strong East wind. Bar. 29.94; ther.
Max temp. 52.0°; min temp. 44.2°; mean temp. 48.85°; below the average by 6.55.
Mon. 15th __ A busy day. The Richetts of Big Island with Thos.?? Stuckless Jr. and John Brett here
this am and pm. Thos.?? Stuckless Sr., Edward Stuckless and Thos.?? Gavin here in Thos??.
Stuckless boat from Pumbley and Perbeck Cove. Also Old Lacey. Darwin Jacobs carried Batstone to
Hampden this early PM.
Dick Martin arrived here from Hampden last night. He brought down Wm. Hewitt R.H.R. who walked
from Howley on 16 days leave.
Fish scarce today.
The weather: raining this am. Overcast and foggy all day; wind East and S.E. Bar 29.70. Max temp.
52.0°; min temp. 47.0°; mean temp. 49.00; below the average by 3.20.
July 16th 1918
Tue. 16th __Fish scarce! The German started another big drive yesterday but their progress has been
slower than usual.
The S.S. Susu arrived from North at 10 PM. She took aboard herring for us, Hewitts, Andrew, Fudge,
etc. and left again going south at 11:30 PM. People here from Bear Cove, Hampden, Perbeck Cove.
The weather: overcast; wind W & E. with raw storms at times. Bar. 29.55; ther 50.0°; max temp.
59.0°; min temp. 48.7; mean temp. 53.25°; below the average by 0.25°.
Wed. 17th __ Gillards fishing schooner was here this am on their way from Sops island to Seal Cove.
They are from Kings Point, G.B..
No fish these days.
The weather: overcast this am, fine & sunny around the middle of the day; foggy again tonight. Bar.
29.68in. ther 48.8°. Max temp 55.6°; min temp. 47.8°; mean temp 49.90; below the average by 3.90°.
Thu. 18th __ Fair fishing today. Andrew Rice was here this afternoon looking for somebody to bury
Phillip Rice son of Thomas, who died yesty aged 21. I promised him I would go down and read the
burial service tomorrow.
Simon Jacobs & Alex Richetts were to Jacksons Arm this morning with an express message for
The weather: foggy as usual this am; sunny at times this pm; foggy again since 5 PM.
Winds E. & N.E.
Max temp. 58.8°; min temp. 48.0°; mean temp. 49.60; below the average by 6.70°.
Fri. 19th __ Was too dirty and rough for me to go to Bear Cove today. A little fish caught this am. I
received 5 belox?? Prints of Luck Jacobs family group tonight.
The allies started a big counter attack against the Germans yesty and regained 20 villages taking
several thousand prisoners and valuable materials
July 19th 1918
Fri. 19th The weather: __ dirty day; blowing hard from the E.S.E. with rain and mist. Bar at 9 PM.
29.60; ther 48.0. Max temp 49.7°; min temp. 47.0°; mean temp 48.00; below the average by 7.80°.
Sat. 20th No much being done these days. Nobody here from outside except a man from Gillards
schooner now at Western Arm. Philip Rice was buried at Bear Cove this morning.
The weather: blowing hard from the E.N.E. overcast; max temp 50.5; min temp 45.5°; mean temp
46.60°; below the average by 8.60°.
Temperature Record (Weekly)
Highest; 59.0°, on the 16th; Lowest, 44.2°, on the 14th; Range 14.8°; Highest min temp. 48.7°, on the
16th; Lowest-max temp, 49.7°, on the 19th; Highest mean temp., 53.25°, on the 16th; lowest mean temp.,
46.60°, on the 20th; mean max temp. 53.94; mean min temp. 46.88°; mean Range of temp. 7.06°; mean
temp. 49.31° lower by 1.33° than that of last wee,
Sun. 21st __ No prayers here today. I have been reading all day. The Franco American drive against
the German on the marue?? Still continues. The Germans are in retreat and the allies have captured 20
000 prisoners to date.
The weather: fine and sunny; wind East; Bar 29.89. Max temp. 55.8°; min temp. 40.1°; mean temp.
49.00; below the average by 4.90°.
Mon. 22nd __ G.W. Hender has a schooner loading juniper sticks at Pound Cove today. Hender is here
from Jacksons Arm superintending the loading. Fish scarce. Allies still progressing against the
Germans on the Marue.
Wm. Hewitt R.N.R. who has lately returned home from St. Johns on leave ins now down with measles.
People here from Big Island with cod oil this am.
The weather: fine and sunny on the whole; wind S.W. this am. East this Pm. Bar 9 PM 29.75;
ther. 53.8. max temp. 69.0; min temp 44.5°; mean temp 55.15; below the average by0.55°.
July 23rd 1918
Tue 23rd __ Fish scarce today! The Germans are still retreating from the Marue Salieut in France.
The line has been out of order today. The weather: dirty day; raining hard with S.S.W. wind strong
breeze. Bar 29.43in. Max temp. 61.0°; min temp. 52.5°; mean temp. 57.00; above the average by
Wed. 24th __ I started setting up a new battery today and got up 8 new calls. The allied counter
offensive still continues but is gradually being slowed down by German reinforcements.
No fish today. The S.S. Susu left Catalina coming North at 10:00 am.
The weather: overcast this am; fine and sunny this PM; wind N.N.E. and N.W. strong. Bar. 29.67,
max temp. 62.0°; min temp. 48.0°; mean temp. 52.00; below the average 4.90°.
Thu. 25th __ I started to paint my Thermometer box this morning but didn’t have time to finish the job.
Wm. Gale of Pumbley Cove here this am. This afternoon there were three motorboats here from
Jacksons Arm is: Sam Hender, James Heads & Sid Adams.
I was out for a run with Mr. Wood in his motorboat between 2 & 3 PM.
The weather: a splendid day; fine warm and sunny; light S.W. & E. winds. Bar 29.58in. max temp.
65.9°; min temp. 48.0°; mean temp. 56.00°; below the average by 2.80°.
Fri. 26th __ The S.S. Susu left Baie Verte at 6:30 PM and was at Coachmans Cove at 8:15 PM. She is
due here tomorrow morning. I finished setting up my new telegraph battery this am and this afternoon.
I finished painting my thermometer box. No fish these day. Supposed fish glutted with bait.
Allied success continues on Soissour Rheimes salieut.
July 26th 1918
Fri 26th The weather: overcast at times; at times fine and sunny; wind S.W. this am; N.E. since 11 am.
Bar at 9 PM. 29.62; ther 49.8°; ther at 9 AM 61.0°; Max temp. 67.0°; min temp. 49.0°; mean temp.
55.40; below the average by 0.20°.
Sat. 27th __ The S.S. Susu arrived from South at 6:30 am and left again going North at 8:50 am. Rev.
Mr. Meadeu was on the S.S. Susu bound to Jacksons Arm. Miss Audrey Willett, Mrs. Wood grand
niece arrived by Susu to spend a time with her Grand Aunt.
We have had a busy day in the shop. People here from Big Island, Bear Cove & Hampden.
The weather: overcast this am. fine this pm; wind East. Max temp. 62.0°; min temp. 43.0; mean temp.
50.00; below the average by 6.70.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest, 69.0°, on the 22nd; Lowest, 40.1°, on the 21st; Range 28.9°; Highest min. temp, 52.5°, on the
23rd; Lowest max temp. 55.8°, on the 21st; Highest mean temp. 57.00°, on the 23rd; Lowest mean temp,
49.00°, on the 21st; mean max temp. 63.24°; mean min temp. 46.44°; mean Range of temp. 16.80°;
mean temp 53.51°; higher by 4.20 than that of last week.
Sun. 28th __ Parson Wood held his usual services today. I attended both including Holy Communion
The weather: overcast on the whole; wind S.W. and N.W.
Max temp. 62.5°; min temp. 46.0°; mean temp. 53.55°; below the average by 3.05°.
Mon. 29th __ A busy day for us. People here from Big Island, Pumbley Cove, Perbeck Cove,
Hampden, etc. nearly all to the shop. James Head here in motor boat from Jacksons Arm this evening.
The Germans are retreating from the Marue Salieut but apparently quite unbroken and
showing plenty of fight. Not many of them captured.
No fish these days. But they say plenty to be seen on the bottom.
The weather: a splendid day; fine and sunny; wind S.W. till 5 PM. East, light, since 6:30 PM.
Bar. At 0 PM 29.44in. ther. 54.8°.
Max temp. 71.0°; min temp 44.5°; mean temp. 56.00; below the average by 1.20°.
Tue. 30th __ Not much being done today. The Susu is at Jacksons Arm since 8:30 PM. I am waiting
for her arrival here as I have some herring & Almou to ship by her.
Mr. Wood went into the country this morning to be ready for deer hunting Thursday.
4 years ago, July 30th 1914 poor father died of pneumonia.
No important war news today.
The weather: overcast on the whole. Strong S.W. wind. Max temp. 70.0°; min temp. 47.0°; mean
temp. 60.25°; above the average by 2.25°.
Wed. 31st __ The Susu arrived here at 1 am and left again 1:30 am going north. Mr. Meaden was
aboard the Susu going Bear Cove and Seal Cove.
No important war news today. Mr. Meaden intends visiting Seal Cove, Bear Cove and Westport
spending a Sunday in each place before returning to Jacksons Arm.
The weather: blowing heavy from the W.S.W. this am & early PM; overcast o the whole. N.E. tonight.
Max temp. 70.0°; min temp. 49.2°; mean temp. 55.40; below the average by 1.00°.
August 1st 1918
Monthly temp record July 1918
Highest, 71.1°, on the 12th; Lowest, 39.0°, on the 2nd; Range 32.1°; Highest-min. temp., 52.5°, on the
23d; Lowest-max temp. 48.5°, on the 9th; Highest mean temp., 60.25°, on the 30th; Lowest mean temp,
45.00°, on the 6th; mean max temp. 59.90°; mean min temp. 45.73; mean Range of temp. 14.17°; mean
temp. 57.44, below the average (o4-17) by 2.85 and one of the coldest Julys on my record only that of
1912 and that of 1914 being lower.
Nothing being done here today at 5 Pm Hender came here from Jacksons Arm inhis motor boat. Mr.
Wood arrived home from the Country after killing a deer today.
The weather: dull & cloudy; wind E.N.E. Bar at 9 P.M> 29.56in; ther 47.3°; max temp 54.6°; min
temp. 43.0°; mean temp. 47.40°; below the average by 8.00.
Fri. 2nd __ No fish today here. Seal Cove reports good fishing with traps there today and yesty from 5
to 15 qlts. At 1:30 PM a motor boat arrived here from Englee containing a survey or frove. The Nfld.
Ship Building Co. of Hr. Grace on his way to Middle Arm to survey the timber cut by Baggs this last
winter. They left here for Middle Arm at 6:30 PM. No important war news. Measles are breaking out
here. There are now 4 cases. Namely Wm. Hewitt (who is getting over them), his wife and child and
The weather: dull and cloudy this early am. Since 11 am fine and sunny; mod this am, strong E winds
this pm. Bar. 29.50; ther 48.5; max temp. 61.5°; min temp. 43.6°; mean temp. 48.50; below the
average by 8.00°.
August 3rd 1918
Sat. 3rd __ Todays war news reports the Germans are retreating rapidly on the Soissour-Rhiems front.
Good fishing reported from Seal Cove & Lobster Hr. People here from Wild Cove East. I took a
photo of Andrew Fudge’s two children this am.
The weather: fine and sunny at times but occasionally overcast; strong SSW & SW winds; Bar 29.30;
max temp 66.6°; min temp. 43.5°; mean temp. 60.50°; above the average by 1.70°.
Weekly Temp record
Highest 71.0°, on the 29th Wts.; Lowest, 43.0°, on the 1st, inst.??; Range 28.0°; Highest-min temp,
49.2°, on the 31st; Lowest max temp. 54.6°, on the 1st; Highest mean temp. 60.50°, on the 3rd; Lowest
mean temp. 47.40°, on the 1st; mean max temp. 65.17°; mean min temp. 45.26; mean Range 19.91°;
mean temp. 54.57°; higher by 1.00° than that of last week.
Sun. 4th __ Today being the 4th anniversary of the British declaration of war on Germany was suitably
observed by special services in our church. I attended morning service and Holy Communion but
expecting the Earl of Devon, I did not attend 3:30 pm service.
Henders motor boat with Gev. & S. Hender , Stanley Budden, etc. was here a 4 pm.
The S.S. Earl of Devon arrived at 4:15 pm leaving again at 4:30 pm. She brought a mail and is likely
to be calling here alternatively with the Susu to give us a weekly mail.
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; wind SW this am, north this pm. Bar 29.54. max temp.
66.0°; min temp. 49.9°; mean temp. 55.25°; below the average by 3.45°.
No war news tonight. The war is now entering on its fifth year and no sign of ending yet.
August 5th 1918
Mon. 5th __ Darius Jacobs had over a ‘qs’?? of Cod fish out of nets this am. I took11 qlts. Of dry fish
from Darius Jacobs today. I got Wm. Jacobs to pack it in 9 flour barrels for shipment by the S.S. Earl
There are now 6 or 7 cases of measles here. People here from Hampden, Purbeck Cove. The German
are now retreating from the Soissons Rheimes Salieut and the allies are pursuing them taking prisoners
and suppliers; the Americans alone have taken over 8 000 prisoners etc.
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny wind. S.W. Bar. 29.56; ther 54.3 at 9 pm.; max temp. 68.1°;
min temp. 49.5°; mean temp. 57.15°; below the average by 1.05°.
Tue. 6th __ The Earl of Devon left St. Anthony coming south at 8 am. People here from Big Island this
am. Darius Jacobs secured over a barrel of fish from nets this am. No important war news today.
The weather: a dirty day; wind SSW & South with rain & fog. Bar. At 9 pm, 29.32in.; ther 57.0°, max
temp. 58.0°, min temp. 54.0°; mean temp. 56.50°; below the average by 0.80°.
Wed. 7th __ The S.S. Earl of Devon arrived from North at 10 am. and left again going South at 10:30
am. Andrew Hurly left by the Devon to join the Nfld. Regt. No important war news today. The allies
captured 35,000 prisoners during the late drives.
The weather; overcast & cold; blowing hard from the N.E. Bar at 9 pm, 29.62; ther 47.0°; max temp.
57.0°; min temp. 46.5; mean temp. 48.50°; below the average by 8.50°.
Fish scarce here today. Good fishing at Jacksons Arm & Seal Cove however.
August 8th 1918
Thu. 8th __ The British started an offensive against the Germans near Nuieus This am. No fish here
today. Plenty at Seal Cove.
The weather: overcast; wind E. strong breeze. Bar at 9 pm. 29.62; ther 48.5°; max temp. 51.3°; min
temp. 45.2°; mean temp. 47.90°; below the average by 9.40°.
Fri. 9th __ The Franco-British offensive which started yesterday morning is progressing satisfactory.
The have taken over 10 000 prisoners and from 2 to 7 miles of territory over fifteen mile front.
Germany reports that Russia has declared war on England.
Nobody here from outside except George Gavin from Middle Arm. I toned-fixed a batch of 6 solio
Prints this afternoon. No fish caught here today.
The weather: Usual 1918 summer weather; wind East with fog & mist after a rainy night and early am.
Bar at 9 pm 29.65in. ther 49.2.
Max temp. 54.0°; min temp. 45.4°; mean temp. 48.20°; below the average by 7.80°.
Sat. 10th __ The S.S. Susu arrived from South at 6:10 pm and left again at 7:10 pm. The Franco-
British drive against the Germans on the Albert-front – Didier-front – has resulted in the capture of 24
000 prisoners to date. Wm. Jacob jigged ½ barrel of fish today.
The weather: miserable dirty weather; wind E.S.E., heave sea, misty & foggy. Bar 29.79in. max
temp. 53.0°; min temp. 47.0°; mean temp. 49.40; below average by 7.70°.
Weekly Temp. Record.
Highest 68.1°, on the 5th; Lowest, 45.2°, on the 8th; Range 22.9°; Highest min temp. 54.0°, on the 6th;
Lowest max temp 57.3°, on the 8th; Highest mean temp 57.15°, on the 5th; Lowest mean temp. 47.90°,
on the 8th; mean max temp. 58.20°; mean min temp. 48.21°; mean Range of temp. 9.99°; mean temp.
51.84°; Lower than that of last week by 2.67°.
August 11th 1918
Sun. 11th __ Me. Wood held his usual services. I attended both. The Franco-British offensive still
continues successful. Simon Gale the Hampden mail man arrived here this am. Thos. Osborne is
with him and they are waiting to go in the shop tomorrow am.
The weather: splendid am and early pm. Overcast since 5 pm.; wind SW fresh breeze, Bar. 29.65in;
max temp. 65.4°; min temp. 48.0°; mean temp. 56.35°; below the average by 2.05°.
Mon. 12th __ A busy day with us in shop. People here from Hampden, Pumbley Cove, Bear Cove
and lower Wild Cove. Mr. Meaden came here from Bear Cove this afternoon leaving shortly
afterwards by Mr. Woods motor boat for Jacksons Arm.
Fish very plentiful at Wild Cove East & Lobster Hr.
The Franco-British drive in Picardy still continues.
The number of prisoners taken to date amount to nearly 40 thousand with 700 guns.
The weather: raining hard this am; overcast all day; wind S.W. Bar 29.50in. max temp. 61.0°; min.
temp. 52.0°; mean temp. 56.45°; above the average by 0.15°.
Tue. 13th __ From today news it would appear as though the Germans have practically checked the
Anglo French drive in Picardy.
People here from Pumbley Cove and Big Island. Measles now in every house here with the
exception of Wm. Jacobs & ours. No fish here!!
No report of the Susu being on her return from north yet.
The weather: overcast this am; fine & sunny on the whole this pm; wind N.E. bar 29.62. max temp.
56.2°; min temp. 47.0°; mean temp. 49.80°; below the average by 8.30°.
August 14th 1918
Wed. 14th __ Jemimia Davis daughter of John Davis of Browns Cove died at Pound Cove this
morning aged 16 and was buried by me at Westport at 7 pm. She was down to Wild Cove in service
with Wesley Pardy and contracted a cold with measles. Pardy brought her here Monday in a dieing
condition and left her with Stephen Jacobs. Mr. Meaden accompanied by Mr. Sparks the Jacksons
Arm teacher arrived here at 9 pm. In the mission motorboat after visiting Pumbley Cove and Perbeck
Cove. They remain here tonight. Susu arrived 6:30 am.
The weather: overcast on the whole; wind SW rather cold this am but warmer with rain tonight.
Max temp. 63.0°; min temp. 43.0°; mean temp. 53.00°; below the average by 3.60°.
Thu. 15th __ Mesrs Meaden & Sparks left here in the mission boat for Big Island at 10:30am. Philip
Brett of Big Island here with 5 qlts. Of fish today. People here from Browns Cove & Pumbley Cove.
Heave fighting on the Battle ground in Picardy allies progressing slowly.
The weather: splendid day; fine and sunny; wind S.W & N. Bar at 9 pm. 29.22in.
Max temp. 68.3°; min temp. 53.0; mean temp. 58.20°; above the average by 1.60°.
Fri. 16th __ A slight sign of fish caught with bait this am. John Brett of Big Island here with 7 qlts.
Of dry fish this am. Mr. Wood killed a deer and arrived home from the country this am.
The weather: fine and sunny; blowing hard from the W. & N.W. Bar at 9 pm 28.41in.
Max temp. 63.0°; min temp. 52.0°; mean temp. 55.75°; above the average by 0.75.
August 17th 1918
Sat. 17th __ I have taken over 5 qlts. Of fish from Zach Ricketts of Big Island and Thos. Stuckless of
Pumbley Cove today. Coakers schooner arrived at Pound Cove this am. They are going to take Alex
Ricketts Co. juniper sticks. Mr. Meaden arrived here this afternoon in the motorboat. The allies are
still making good progress in Picardy.
The weather: blowing hard from the W. & N.W. Strong this pm at times but fine & sunny on the
whole. Bar at 9 pm 29.44in.
Max temp. 60.2°; min temp. 47.0°; mean temp. 51.75°; below the average by 4.15.
Weekly Temp. Record
Highest, 68.3°, on the 15th; Lowest, 43.0°, on the 14th; Range 25.30°; Highest-min temp. 53.0°, on
the 15th; Lowest-max temp. 56.2°, on the 13th; Highest mean temp. 58.20°, on the 15th; Lowest mean
temp. 49.80°, on the 13th; mean max temp. 62.44°; mean min temp. 48.86; mean range of temp.
13.58°; mean temp. 54.47°; higher than that of last week by 2.63°.
Sun. 18th __ The S.S. Earl of Devon arrived here at 3am and remained until 6am. I attended 5
services today. Attended 8 o’clock celebration; 11 am matters; at 2 pm I went to Big Island with Mr.
Meaden who held service there at 3pm. Afterwards we went to Pumbley Cove and he held service
there at 4:45 pm. After which we returned here in time for 4 pm. Service.
Alex Ricketts wife is very ill with the measles and Darwin & Simon Jacobs went to Pumbley Cove
and brought down her mother to attend her this evening.
The weather: blowing a gale from the E.N.E with heavy rain this am. Fine and sunny with mod.
W.S.W wind this pm.
August 18th 1918
Sun. 18th __ max temp. 56.4°; min temp. 45.5°; mean temp. 48.75; below the average by 6.95°; Bar
at 9 pm. 29.70.
Mon. 19th __ This has been a busy day with me in Post Office and shop. Luke Gale of Pumbley was
here his afternoon with 5 qlts. Of fish. Mr. Duggan who came to Jackson’s Arm by the Earl of
Devon on military service business arrived here tonight by motor boat. He issued tickets of
exemption to Cyril Jacobs and Alex gale. The Rev. Mr. Meaden returned home to Jackson’s Arm
No important war news these days.
The weather: blowing strong at times from the W.S.W. & W. fine on the whole. Bar 29.60.
Max temp. 60.2°; min temp. 48.5°; mean temp. 54.50°; below the average by 0.30°.
Tue. 20th __ Wm. Jacobs was packing fish for us today. He packed 15 qlt. In 12 brls. I took fish
from Uriah Ricketts & Mrs. Wm. Gale. We have 39 qlt. Of fish brought in 26 of which are shipped
to St. John’s. The S.S. Devon arrived at 6 pm. And left again at 6:30pm. After taking our fish and 6
brls. Of Herring.
Mr. Wood & Darwin Jacobs carried Duggan to Bear Cove this am from thee he proceeded to Seal
Cove in motor boat this pm. In time to catch the Devon for La Scie. A fair sign of fish this week.
Measles are general these days. Some of the people are getting over them while others are just
developing ‘em. I had measles 16 years ago. The weather: fine & sunny on the whole; a rain storm
between 5:30 & 6:30pm. Wind SW & W.S.W. bar 28.53in.; ther 57.50 (9pm.)
Max temp. 65.9; min temp. 51.5°; mean temp. 58.25; above the average by 1.55°.
August 21st 1918
Wed. 21st __ The French started another offensive drive yesterday and took 8 000 prisoners
advancing 2 ½ miles on a fifteen mile front. Batstone who went to Western Arm yesty was here this
afternoon on his way to Jackson’s Arm. Coakers schooner left Pound Cove yesterday evening. She
took 150 juniper logs. The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; strong S.W. winds. Bar at 9pm.
29.40in. ther. 63.0°; max temp. 71.0°; min temp. 55.0°; mean temp. 62.50°; above the average by
Thu. 22nd __ The French & British drive still continues successful. They took 4 000 prisoners
I took 5 qlts. Of fish from Wm. & Stephen Jacobs this afternoon. The S.S. Susu left Fogo at 3:30
pm. Coming north.
The weather: another splendid day; Sky rather overcast at times but warm with a fresh breeze from
the S.W. Bar at 9pm 29.49: ther. 66.0°; max temp. 72.0°; min temp. 58.0°; mean temp. 63.00°;
above the average by 6.90°.
Fri. 23rd __ The S.S. Susu left Coachmans Cove at 7:20pm. Old Lacey here from Perbeck Cove
awaiting the Susu. James Hewitt & Lot Combdon here in motor boat from Jackson’s Arm this am.
Early this pm they left for Hampden with a heroage for Batstone. No fish, no bait. Very poor
The allies are doing good against the Germans on the Western front. Total number of prisoners
captured since July 18th now exceeds 100,000.
The weather: overcast & cloudy this am, fine & sunny from noon ‘till 5 pm. Foggy tonight; wind
East. Bar at 9 pm. 29.55; ther 50.0°.
Max temp. 66.5°; min temp. 49.0°; mean temp. 51.50°; below the average by 3.70°.
August 24th 1918
Sat. 24th __ The S.S. Susu arrived from South about 4:20 am. leaving again going North at 5 am.
People here from Hampden, Big Island & Pumbley Cove. Simon Gale the Hampden mailman was
here today. He left again this afternoon.
The Franco British forces are still driving ahead in the Soinne region. Some of the old 1916 names
of places are again coming to the fore in the daily war news. Old Lacey returned to Perbeck Cove
The weather: overcast & smoky; blowing hard from the S.W. & S.S.W. bar 29.35; ther 60.0.
Max temp. 67.0°; min temp. 48.0°; mean temp. 61.00°; above the average by 4.40°.
Weekly Temp. Record
Highest, 72.0, on the 22nd; Lowest, 45.5°, on the 18th; Range 26.5°; Highest min temp. 58.0°, on the
22nd; Lowest mat temp, 56.4°, on the 18th; Highest mean temp., 63.00, on the 22nd; Lowest mean
temp.,48.75°, on the 18th; mean max temp. 65.54°; mean min temp. 50.78°; mean range of temp.
14.79°; mean temp. 57.07°, higher by 2.60° than that of last week,
Sun. 25th __ Mr. Wood held his usual services today. I attended 3:30 pm. Service. I have been
reading Abbotts “Expansion of Europe” today. Tonights new news seems to hint of a great victory
for the British in France.
The weather: overcast & foggy this am; fine & sunny this pm; wind East. Bar 29.52.
Max temp. 60.0°; min temp. 48.5°; mean temp. 50.25°; below the average by 5.95°.
Mon. 26th __ The Franco-British drive still continues and now extends over a fifty mile front. The
British have taken 17 000 prisoners since Wednesday.
No fish being caught here these days. People here from Purbeck Cove, Pumbley Cove and Bear
August 26th 1918
Mon 26th __ I took over 7 qlts. Of fish from Ed. Stuckless, Thos. Stuckless & Darwin Jacobs today.
The weather: splendid day; fine, warm and sunny. Wind S.W. very warm tonight. Bar 9pm 29.26;
ther. 69.4°; max temp. 71.5°; min temp. 46.5°; mean temp. 65.45°; above the average by 9.45°.
Tue. 27th __ The S.S. Susu arrived from North at 4 pm and left again going South at 4:30 pm. The
Franco-British forces are still progressing on the Somme. The British prisoners have increased to
20,000 during the past week.
The weather: Blowing a hurricane from the E.N.E. & East this am.; wind decreasing this pm; heavy
rains this am; cold & dirty really all day. Bar at 9pm 29.72; ther. 42.8°.
Max temp. 69.4°; min temp. 42.0°; mean temp. 44.80°; below the average by 9.40°.
Wed. 28th __ This day I complete my 34 year. The Bretts of Big Island were here this am. This
afternoon Wm. Regular of Wild Cove was here in motor boat also some of the Combdons from
Jackson’s Arm. I took a photo of the Ice-burg which lies in the cove this am. This afternoon I took
two photos of George & Milley and on of Wm. Regular & his companion young Wells. I developed
the four begs tonight; all ok.
The weather: after the coldest August-night on my record this has been a splendid, fine, sunny day;
light west wind; bar 29.91; ther. 51.0°.
Max temp. 62.9; min temp. 34.5°; mean temp. 49.50°; below the average by 6.20°.
Thu. 29th __ Wm. Jacobs packed 14 qlts of fish in flour barrels & Hg. Barrels today. Luke Jacobs
shipped 4 ½ qlts of fish this afternoon. I have been printing solio prints.
August 29th 1918
Thu. 29th __ Wesley Pardy & John Small were here in motor boat from Lower Wild Cove this
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; wind W.S.W. this am. East this pm. Bar at 9pm. 29.60.
Max temp. 70.0; min temp. 41.3°; mean temp. 53.20; below the average by 2.10°.
Fri. 30th __ I toned-fixed a batch of 8 solio prints this pm. Mr. Meaden in the mission motor boat
accompanied by Mr. Sparks, his daughter, Emma Adams and Blanch Ford arrived here at 4:30pm on
their way home from Bear Cove. They left again at 6 pm going to Big Isld. Before returning to
Fish & bait very scarce these days. The Germans are still retreating towards the old Hindenburg line.
The weather: overcast; wind S.W. rain storms this pm. Bar at 9 pm. 29.58; ther 55.5°;
Max temp. 61.7°; min temp 46.4°; mean temp. 55.25°; below the average by 0.15°.
Sat. 31st __ This has been a busy day with us. People here from Hampden, Big Island, Pumbley
Cove, Middle Arm & Back Cove. Luke Jacobs, Simon Jacobs & James Jacobs shipped me fish &
oil. Wm. Jacobs has been packing fish for us. Job Osborne of Hampden shipped us 4 qlts of fish
today. I have about 67 qlts of fish in to date.
The weather: splendid day, fine & sunny, mod. S.W. & E. Winds. Bar at 9pm, 29.83in; ther. 53.8°;
max temp. 68.8°; min temp 43.1°; mean temp. 54.90°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 71.5°, on the 26th; Lowest, 34.5°, on the 28th; Range 37.0°; Highest min temp. 48.5°, on the
25th; Lowest max temp. 60.0°, on the 25th; Highest mean temp. 65.45°, on the 26th; Lowest mean
temp 44.80°, on the 27th; mean max temp. 66.33°; mean min temp 43.19°; mean range 23.14°; mean
temp. 53.34°; lower than last week by 3.73°.
August 31st 1918
Monthly Temp Record
Highest, 72.0°, on the 22nd; Lowest, 34.5°, on the 28th; Range 37.50°; Highest min temp., 58.0°, on
the 22nd; Lowest min temp. 51.3°, on the 8th; Highest mean temp. 65.45°, on the 26th; Lowest mean
temp. 44.80°, on the 27th; mean max temp. 62.92°; mean min. temp. 47.33°; mean Range of temp.
15.59°; mean temp. 53.98°; below the average past 14 year (04-17) by 2.64° and the second coldest
August on my record being only 0.74° higher than August 1912 the coldest for 15 years.
September 1st 1918
Sun. 1st __ Parson Wood held his usual services. I attended both including Holy Communion at 11
a.m. The S.S. Earl of Devon arrived at 7:30pm & left again going north at 8pm. A school master
named Collins arrived by the Devon for Bear Cove & Westport.
The weather: overcast; mod. E & N winds; Bar at 9 pm 29.56.
Max temp. 56.0; min temp. 46.2; mean temp. 52.40°; below the average by 0.90°.
Mon. 2nd __ Darius Jacobs motored the school master to Bear Cove this am. Mrs. Thos. Wick of
Jackson’s Arm was here this early pm with Aaron Budden & Titus Combdon on Aaron’s motor boat.
They brought Mrs. Wicks little boy to see Dr. Wood. The boy is suffering from a sprained or broken
arm but as Mr. Wood was left home for his country haunts the boy could get no relief. They returned
again about 3 pm. Eli Rice of Bear Cove & Edward Stuckless of Perbeck Cove here this afternoon.
The weather: splendid day; fine, warm. & sunny; winds SW & NW. Bar at 9pm 29.78; ther. 56.4°;
max temp. 71.5°; min temp. 51.8°; mean temp. 59.20; above the average by 5.10°.
September 3rd 1918
Tue. 3rd __ People here from Big Island, Sops Island & Back Cove. Not much being done today.
The Franco-British are still advancing against the Germans over an extensive front in France. The
Australians took 4 000 prisoners yesty. Fish very scarce still.
The weather: fine & sunny; light E & NE winds. Bar at 9pm 28.84in.
Max temp. 64.0°; Min temp. 44.1°; Mean temp. 54.45°; above the average by 0.85°.
Wed. 4th __ The Earl of Devon arrived from North at 6am and left again at 6:35 am. She took 20
brls. & 1 cash of fish, 2 cashs of Cod Oil for us. Andrew Rice here from Bear Cove with a bit of fish
this evening. Old Lacey here this pm from Sops Island having put in here because of the heavy wind.
The British captured 10,000 prisoners in yestys big smash thru the German lines near Arras. Mr.
Wood arrived home from the Country last evening having killed a deer at 3pm.
The weather: warm an sunny; wind S.S.W. strong breeze; very warm tonight; Bar 29.70in.
Max temp. 71.5°; Min temp. 49.0°; Mean temp. 64.40°; above the average by 12.30°.
Thu. 5th __ Darius & his boys brought us 1600 billots this am.
The Franco-British armies are still pushing the Germans back on the Western front.
Nobody here from outside today. Wm. Jacobs baby boy John is very ill.
The weather: calm & overcast this early am; since 10am wind E with fog and rain.
Bar at 9pm. 29.77in.; ther 49.4°.
Max temp. 65.8°; Min temp. 48.2°; mean temp. 54.56°; above the average by 1.65°.
September 6th 1918
Fri. 6th __ Not much being done here today. I have been looking over my old letters from 1901 to
The S.S. Susu left Exploits coming north at 6:15pm. The Franco-Americans are now taking the
stage in the big allied push against the Germans.
The weather: fine, warm and sunny this am & early pm; overcast with Easterly wind since 3pm.
Bar at 9pm. 29.70; ther. 50.2°.
Max temp. 70.9°; Min temp. 48.0°; Mean temp. 58.75°; above the average by 5.65°;
Sat. 7th __ Alex Ricketts & Simon Jacobs trawled over ½ brl. Of fish this evening. The S.S. Susu
left Seal Cove at 7.40pm and is due here about 11pm.
The allies are still beating back the Germans over the 150 mile from between Ypres & Rheims.
The weather: heavy rain; wind S.E. with fog but clearing tonight. Bar at 9pm 29.41in; ther. 54.0°;
Max temp. 63.6°; Min temp. 48.00°; Mean temp. 51.50°; below the average by 1.50°.
Weekly Temp. Record
Highest, 71.5°, on the 2nd & 4th; Lowest, 44.1°, on the 3rd; Range 27.4°; Highest min temp, 51.8°, on
the 2nd; Lowest max temp 56.0°, on the 1st; Highest mean temp. 64.40°, on the 4th; Lowest mean
temp. 51.50°, on the 7th; Mean max temp. 66.18°; Mean min temp. 47.90°; Mean Range of temp.
18.28; Mean temp. 56.48°; Higher than that of last week by 3.14°.
Sun. 8th __ The S.S. Susu arrived at 10.45pm. last night. Uncle Will Lockyer was aboard the Susu
going north and was ashore to see mother. The Susu left again at 11:25pm.
Mr. Wood held his usual services. I attended evening service and stood sponsor for Martha Hewitts
Not much news tonight but the Allied advance continues unbroken while tis reported the German
people are becoming nervous over the situation.
The weather: Dull & overcasts on the whole but some sunny intervals this am; very
foggy tonight. Bar at 9pm. 29.78; ther. 49.8°; Max temp. 57.0°; Min temp. 49.0°; Mean temp.
51.90°; above the average by 0.90°.
Mon. 9th __ Not much being done here today. The Germans are apparently about to make a stand.
The Allied advance is hampered by the weather conditions. I obtained 6 velox prints tonight. No
report from Susu.
The weather: dirty day; heavy rains almost continually; wind E with fog. Bar 29.73in.
Max temp. 50.0°; Min temp. 48.0°; Mean temp. 49.00°; below the average by 0.50°.
Tue. 10th __ Plenty fish but no bait! Not much war news today. The allied drive seems to be over.
People here from Pombley Cove this am & early pm. The S.S. Susu left St. Anthony at some hour
The weather: overcast with East wind; sunny intervals at last this pm. Bar at 9pm 29.65.
Max temp. 53.8°; Min temp. 44.4°; Mean temp. 47.00°; below the average by 2.90°.
Wed. 11th __ The S.S. Susu arrived from North at 10:45am. and left again at 11am. Not much being
done here today. Edward Stuckless here from Perbeck Cove for salt. He is now held up by the
The weather: overcast; wind South West this am; west this pm with heavy rain squalls; blowing hard
since 2pm. Clearing since 5pm.
Bar at 9pm. 29.47in.
Max temp. 53.0°; Min temp. 44.1°; Mean temp. 48.00°; below the average by 3.20°.
Thu. 12th __ Not much being done today. Zack Ricketts of Big Island came here with 6 qlts of fish at
September 12th 1918
Thu. 12th __ Henders in their large motor boat were here at 7pm. Mrs. Adams and Emma were here
with them. No important war news today.
The weather: strong W & N.N.W. wind overcast at times; Bar at 9pm 29.81.
Max temp. 56.7°; Min temp. 43.5°; Mean temp. 49.75°; below the average by 3.95°.
Fri. 13th __ People here from Big Island this am. I got out at 6:30am to settle up with Zack Ricketts
who brought fish last night. No fish today.
The Americans started a new offensive against the German around the St. Mihiel Salient and have
made good progress taking 8,000 prisoners to date.
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; wind SW this am. East this pm. Bar at 9pm 29.83;
Ther 47.8; Max temp. 60.9°; Min temp. 47.2°; Mean temp. 50.00; below the average by 1.80°.
Sat. 14th __ Nobody here from outside. The Americans succeeded in cutting out the St. Mihiel Salient
capturing 12,000 prisoners. No other important war news. The Pound Cove men caught a little fish
The weather: raining hard this am; overcast but no falling weather since1pm.
Bar at 9 pm. 29.48in.
Max temp. 52.8°; Min temp. 42.8°; Mean temp. 49.40°; below the average by 0.40°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest, 60.9°, on the 13th; Lowest, 42.8°, on the 14th; Range 18.1°; Highest min temp, 49.0°, on the
8th; Lowest max temp, 50.0°, on the 9th; Highest mean temp, 51.90°, on the 8th; Lowest mean temp,
47.00°, on the 10th; Mean max temp 54.88°; Mean min temp. 45.54; Mean range of temp. 9.31°;
Mean temp. 49.29; Lower tan that of last week by 7.19°.
Sun. 15th __ Parson Wood held his usual services today. I attended both. The Austro-Hungarian
Front has proposed a informal conference to be held at some neutral place to discuss matters and to
see if it be possible to arrange a regular peace conference.
The S.S. Earl of Devon left La Scie about 4pm and is due here early tomorrow.
The weather: Rather overcast this am; fine & sunny on the whole this pm; wind SW & W.
Bar at 9 pm. 29.61: ther. 53.0°.
Max temp. 60.0°; Min temp. 51.6°; Mean temp. 53.30°; above the average by 3.60°.
Mon. 16th __ A busy day. I took about 6 qlts of fish from Like Ricketts & Phillip Brett today.
The S.S. Earl of Devon arrived from South at 12:50am leaving again at 1:30am.
Fish scarce today. The allies still advancing in the Somme region. The Austro-Hungarian peace note
not taken seriously by the Allies.
Old Lacey here from Perbeck Cove this pm. He sent a message to his sons at La Scie requesting
them to arrange for his passage to La Scie.
The weather: a splendid day; fine& sunny: wind SW & NE light. Bar at 9pm 29.70: ther 52.0°.
Max temp. 62.9°; Min temp. 44.5°; Mean temp. 53.50; above the average by 3.60°.
Tue. 17th __ People here from Pumbley Cove & Perbeck Cove. Darius Jacobs got ¾ and Andrew
Fudge 1 barrel of fish today. Mrs. Susan Jacobs here to the house this afternoon. She took Lea with
us. No important war news today.
The weather: splendid morning; sultry & overcast this pm. Wind SW. Bar at 9pm 29.62in. Ther.
Max temp. 66.8°; Min temp.46.0°; Mean temp.58.50°; above the average by 8.40°.
September 18th 1918
Wed. 18th __ The S.S. E. of Devon arrived from North at 3:30pm leaving again before 4pm.
Not much being done these days. No fish, no bait!
The weather: overcast, wind S.S.W.; Calm tonight. Bar at 9pm 29.70: ther. 56.3°.
Max temp. 61.5°; Min temp. 55.0°; Mean temp. 56.65°; above the average by 5.85°.
Thu. 19th __ The Franco-British arrives have smashed through the Hindenburg line for 22miles
around St. Quentin which city is now almost encircled and expected to fall within a few days. The
allies have also made substantial gains on the Macedonian front taking 4,000 prisoners and
advancing 10 miles in places on a 25mile front.
John Budden here in motor boat from Jackson’s Arm this am.
The. S.S. Susu left Wesleyville at 9am coming north.
The weather: raining this am. fine and sunny this pm with strong breezes from the SW & W.
Bar at 9pm. 29.49; ther. 56.5°.
Max temp. 67.0°; Min temp. 49.6°; Mean temp. 53.90°; above the average by 5.20°.
Fri. 20th __ The “Arrow” Manuels motor boat, formerly owned by Rec. V. Wood, arrived here this
morning with a military party aboard accompanied by the Lilt Cove doctor to examine the young
men of Class 1 under the Military Service Act. 1918. Leut. Snow is in charge of the party.
The S.S. Susu left La Scie at 6pm. People here from Big Island with fish today.
The weather: splendid day! Fine, warm, & sunny; wind S.W; rain since 7pm.
Bar. 9 Pm. 29.73.
Max temp. 66.0°; Min temp, 53.20°; Mean temp. 55.00°; above the average by 6.50°.
September 21st 1918
Sat. 21st __ The S.S. Susu arrived from South at 11:20am. leaving again at 11:40am. Edward of
Pumbley Cove was examined be the doctor this am. He failed to pass the Eye test, although it is
suspected he was shamming, they cannot pass him for Military service. The Arrow left here for
Hampden at 10:20am.
Simon Gale the Hampden mail man and Old John Davis arrived here this early pm.
No Important war news today. A little fish caught today.
The weather: overcast with rain this am. Calm; blowing hard from the S.S.W with occasional rain
storms but fine & sunny on the whole this PM. Blowing a gale S.W. & very warm tonight.
Bar at 9 pm 29.30; ther. 70.0°.
Max temp. 72.0°; Min temp. 49.2°; mean temp. 61.00°; above the average by 10.30°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 72.0°, on the 21st. Lowest, 44.5°, on the 16th; Range 27.5°; Highest min temp, 55.0°, on the
18th; Lowest max temp. 60.0°, on the 15th; Highest mean temp. 61.00°, on the 21st; Lowest mean
temp. 53.30°, on the 15th; mean max temp. 65.17; mean min temp. 49.87°; mean range of temp.
15.30; mean temp. 55.98°; higher than that of last week by 6.69°.
Sun. 22nd __ Parson Wood held his usual services today. I attended both. No news tonight.
The weather: after a very warm night accompanied by a heavy gale of SW wind it became cooler
today; cloudy, wind West blowing hard. Bar at 9pm 29.40; ther. 50.0°.
Max temp. 71.0°; Min temp. 49.3°; Mean temp. 53.10°; above the average by 3.30°.
Mon. 23rd __ The Arrow arrived here from Jackson’s Arm at 1pm and remains here tonight. Simon
Gale & crew left here this morning.
Todays news record great gains by the British troops in Palestine. They having taken Nazareth and
18,000 Turkish prisoners.
The weather: blowing heavy nearly all day from the WSW & W. overcast on the whole with
occasional rain squalls. Bar at 9pm 29.65in.
Max temp. 53.5°; Min temp. 44.2°; Mean temp. 45.95°; below the average by 5.75°.
Tue. 24th __ This am Sydney Adams here in motor boat accompanied by Maud, Mr. Duggan and two
Little Arm fellows to be examined by Dr. Lidstone for military service. Batstone was in here tonight
on his way to Hampden. He landed Dick Martin & House who came to take charge of Henders
schooner. Andrew Fudge & Dick went to Jackson’s Arm in Andres motor boat with House tonight.
The S.S. Susu going to St. John’s to be ordained priest. Mr. Duggan left by Susu for La Scie. The
Arrow still here.
The weather: fine & sunny at times. Rather stormy occasionally; wind W & N.W. light this pm but
fresh breeze this am. Bar 29.65.
Max temp. 52.8°; min temp. 39.0°; mean temp. 44.00°; below the average by 7.50°.
Wed. 25th __ The Arrow left here fro Lewisport at 10:15am. Good fishing again today from 1 to 2
brls. Off trawlers. No important war news. Thos. Rice of Bear Cove here with a qlt of fish this
afternoon on his way to Sops Island.
The weather: overcast with rain; raining nearly all the afternoon since 3:30pm; wind
Bar at 9 p.m. 29.70in; ther. 42.5°.
Max temp. 49.6°; Min temp. 38.0°; Mean temp. 43.25°; below the average by 8.05.
Thu. 26th __ Not much being done today. No important war news except that the British are over
running all Palestine and the Turkish Army there is being cut up. Elsie cleared up the telegraph
office this pm.
The weather: overcast this am. fine & sunny this pm; clear and cold tonight; wind N.E.
Bar at 9pm 29.86; ther. 40.3.
Max temp. 55.2°; Min temp. 40.0°; Mean temp. 42.25°; Below the average by 5.65°.
Fri. 27th __ Batstone was here from Hampden this morning on his way to Jackson’s Arm. At 6:30pm
her came back here before going back to Hampden. Mr. Wood arrived home from the country this
early pm after killing another deer.
The Franco Americans are making good progress as also are the British in France while in Palestine
the British have almost surrounded the remaining Turkish forces after taking over 40,000 prisoners.
I took 2 qlts of fish from the Pumbley Cove women & the young Hurleys of Pound this pm.
Not much fish going today.
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; light S.W. & S.E. winds. Bar at 9pm 29.74in; ther. 50.4°.
Max temp. 60.5°; Min temp. 34.0°; Mean temp. 49.20°; above the average by 1.80°.
Sat. 28th __ Not much being done today. No important war news. Nobody here from outside.
The weather: blowing hard from the Southerly with rain this am; clearing this pm with several sunny
September 28th 1918
Sat. 28th __ Max temp. 59.3°; Min temp. 49.0°; Mean temp. 54.25; above the average by 7.05°.
Bar at pm. 29.31; ther 54.0°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest, 71.0°, on the 22nd; Lowest, 34.0°, on the 27th; Range 37.0°; Highest min temp. 49.3°, on the
22nd; Lowest max temp 49.6°, on the 25th; Highest mean temp. 54.25°; mean min temp. 41.93; mean
Range of temp. 15.48°; mean temp. 47.43°; lower than that of last week by 8.55°.
Sun. 29th __ The Festival of St. Michiel & All Angels! Mr. Wood held his usual services. I attended
The weather: overcast this am; fine & sunny on the whole this pm; strong SW & SSW winds. Bar at
9pm. 29.25in; ther. 58.2°.
Max temp. 64.5; Min temp. 51.0°; mean temp. 56.85°; above the average by 11.35°.
Mon. 30th __ The line was down between Baie Verte and Burlington until 7pm. From todays war
news it appears that during last week the allies captured 100,000 prisoners including 50,000 in
Palestine and nearly 40,000 on the Western front during the past three days. The Allies in France are
now attacking and smashing the Hindenburg line over a fifty mile front. The British have taken over
13,000 prisoners in France since Friday morning.
I took 5 ½ qlts of fish this morning from Wm. Gale & Alex Gale of Pumbley Cove and Edward
Stuckless of Perbeck Cove. Batstone here on his way to Green Bay.
The S.S. Earl of Devon left Tilt Cove at 7:35pm.
The weather: splendid am; fine & sunny with light S.S. winds; since noon strong west winds with
cloudy sky. Bar at 9pm 29.46in.
Max temp. 58.5°; Min temp. 45.0°; Mean temp. 49.40°; above the average past 14 years by 4.90
September 30th 1918
Monthly Temp. Record - Sept. 1918
Highest 72.0°, on the 21st; Lowest 34.0°, on the 27th; Range 38.0°; Highest min temp., 55.0°, on the
18th; Lowest max temp. 49.6°, on he 25th; Highest mean temp. 64.40°, on the 4th (the highest on my
Sept. record for 15 years) Lowest mean temp. 42.25°; mean Range of temp. 14.52°; mean temp.
52.35°; above the average by 1.86°.
October 1st 1918
Tue. 1st __ Bulgaria has signed an agreement to give up all Greek & Serbian territory occupied by her
troops, to give up all railroads and to demobilize her armies. Bulgaria will by “occupied” by British,
French & Italian troops. So the central powers are dropping out of the war one by one. Turkey by
Bulgaria’s action is cut off from Germany & Austria through the Balkans and it is thought will soon
have to sue for peace. The Allies have advanced several miles in Belgian and are making good
progress else-where on the Western front. The British since July 18th have taken over 120,000
German prisoners on the Western front.
The S.S. Earl of Devon arrived here at 4:45pm and left again at 5:05pm.
The weather: blowing strong from the W & N.W. rather cool with cloudy sky on the whole.
Bar. At 9pm 29.70; ther. 42.0°.
Max temp. 49.4°; Min temp. 41.0°; Mean temp. 44.50; below the average by 0.50°.
Wed. 2nd __ Roland S. Lacey son of Old Lacey arrived by Devon yesty from La Scie. He brought
some food for his father. This am he was here to the shop and brought some butter & beef from us
for the old man.
October 2nd 1918
The. S.S. Susu left St. John’s at 10:30 am. Geo. Hurley, James Jacobs, Alex Ricketts & Joe
Stuckless packed 20 ½ qlts of fish for us this pm.
Thos. & Joseph Stuckless here from Perbeck Cove this am.
The French occupied St. Quentin yesty. Caubrai practically surrounded by the British and fired by the
Germans. British under Allenby surfily advancing through Syria and have surrounded Damascus.
The weather: fine & sunny on the whole; blowing strong from the West. Bar at 9pm 29.74.
Max temp. 51.0°; Min temp. 39.0°; Mean temp. 46.85°; above the average by 0.85°.
Thu. 3rd __ I have been busy today in Post Office & shop. People here from Big Island, Pumbley
Cove & Jackson’s Arm. Lucke Gale of Pombley Cove shipped us 4 qlts of fish this early pm.
The weather: overcast; wind SW strong this am; light winds & moderate this pm.
Bar 29.48. Max temp 50.1°; Min temp. 44.0°; Mean temp. 46.25; above the average past 15 years by
Fri. 4th __ No very important war news. The S.S. earl of Devon arrived her eat 9pm and is probably
staying here tonight. She is filled with passengers: fishermen returning home from North.
Roland Lacey is returning to La Scie by Devon. The Old Man came from Jackson’s Arm by Devon
just had time to speak to Roland before he left.
The weather: a dirty cold day; wind East with rain since dark wind West but cloudy & rainy at times.
Bar at 9pm 29.44.
Max temp. 44.5°; Min temp. 37.0°; Mean temp. 38.05; below the average by 7.35°.
Sat. 5th __ The S.S. Devon left here day light this morning. The Susu left Exploits at 1pm coming
North. Arthur & Job Osborne and Simon Gale here in motor boat from Hampden this am. I took 1
qlts of fish from Job & Arthur. No important war news. Germans slowly retreating in France &
The weather: blowing a gale from the W.N.W cold with occasional snow storms; The north side hill
are white with snow; fine & sunny on the whole. Bar at 9pm 29.66in; ther 37.0°.
Max temp. 40.0°; Min temp. 35.0°; Mean temp. 36.95°; below the average by 10.35°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 64.5°, on the 29th; Lowest 35.0°, on the 5th; Range 29.5°; Highest min temp. 51.0°, on the
29th; Lowest max temp 40.0, on the 5th; Highest mean temp. 56.85°, on the 29th; Lowest mean temp.
36.95°, on the 5th; Mean max temp 51.14°; Mean min temp. 41.71°; Mean range of temp 9.43°; mean
temp 45.55°; below that of last week by 1.88°.
Sun. 6th __ Everything else is forgotten in wonder at tonights news which implies that the Central
Powers are about to sue for peace. The have applied to President Wilson for an Armistice at once
and negotiations to start for a general peace. One report saying they are willing to accept Wilson’s
The S.S. Susu left Seal Cove at 8:20pm (regular time) and is due here before midnight. Simon
Jacobs & George Hurley carried old Lacey to Perbeck Cove this afternoon.
The weather: fine & sunny this am & early pm; cloudy since 3pm; wind East. Bar 29.77in; ther
Max temp. 43.5°; Min temp. 28.6°; Mean temp. 36.40; below the average by 11.50°.
October 7th 1918
Nov 7th __ The S.S. Susu arrived here at 12:15am and left again going North at 1am. The lines being
interrupted between Seal Cove & Baie Verte we are without news today. The Hampden men still
here being held up by today gale.
The weather: snowing nearly all day; blowing a gale from E.N.E. about 2 meters of snow lay on the
ground this am; slowly melting during the day; clearing since dark.
Bar at 9pm 29.56 ther 33.3°.
Max temp. 37.6°; Min temp. 33.0°; Mean temp 33.75°; below the average past 15 years by 12.65°.
Tue. 8th __ Line still interrupted! The Seal Cove mail man went part of the way to Baie Verte
repaired one break and returned to Seal Voce. He is going across again tomorrow. Nothing being
done here today.
The weather: snow storms this am; fine & sunny since noon; wind N & NNW. Bar at 9pm 29.82in.
Max temp. 43.9°; Min temp. 32.0°; mean temp. 34.65°; below the average by 9.95°.
Wed. 9th __ I took about 11 qlts of fish from the Big Island Ricketts this am. They came here about
10am and twas 4pm before we get clear of them. They also brought about 30 gals. Cod oil and 380
brls. Of hay.
The line was fixed as far as Baie Verte today but is still interrupted between Baie Verte and
I have taken 118 qlts of fish and 1 ton of Cod Oil to date.
The weather: rather overcast on the whole; wind SW; Bar at 9pm 29.74; ther 46.8°.
Max temp 50.0°; Min temp. 34.0°; mean temp. 43.90°; below the average by 1.40°.
October 10th 1918
Thu. 10th __ Still cut off from the outside world. I took over 4 qlts of fish from John Brett of Big
Island this morning. No fish these days!
The weather: overcast but mild; wind S.W. Bar at 9pm 29.52in; ther 46.8°.
Max temp 51.0°; Min temp. 41.0°; mean temp. 45.30°; above the average 1.90°.
Fri. 11th __ Wm. Jacobs & I repacked and spread our fish today. The S.S. Susu left Coachman Cove
this morning, shipping all the White Bay ports. I took about 3 qlts of fish from Joseph Ricketts &
The line was fixed to N W Arm this am. The S.S> Prospero will leave St. Johns about Oct. 20th for
The war is still raging. President Wilsons reply to German peace proposals was that he would have
no peace talk with Germany until she releases all invaded ground first.
The Germans are on the run everywhere in France. People here from Big Island, Sops Island, Back
Cove & Perbeck Cove including Old Lacey who walked here and returned in punt with Simon
Jacobs & Alex Ricketts.
The weather: splendid day; fine, warm & sunny; wind S.W.; Bar at 9pm 29.40; ther. 49.7°.
Max temp. 57.1°; Min temp. 36.3°; Mean temp. 46.85°; above the average by 4.55°.
Sat. 12th __ I have had a busy day; took fish from Wm. Ricketts of Big Island, Stephen Jacobs of
Pound Cove, etc. I have 140 qlts of fish in to date.
Sam Hinder in their large motor boat on the way to Jackson’s Arm from Southern Arm was in here
this pm. Andrew Fudge went to Hampden with messages for Mrs. Batstone & James Hancock this
October 12th 1918
Sat. 12th __ The Germans are on a big retreat from France & Belgium. Turkey has declared her
willingness to accept the Allied terms.
The weather: fine & sunny on the whole altho overcast at times; wind SW & N. Bar 29.57in.
Max temp. 54.2°; Min temp. 44.3°; Mean temp. 46.50°; above the average by 3.60°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 57.1°, on the 11th; Lowest 28.6°, on the 6th; Range 28.5°; Highest min temp. 43.0°, on the
12th; Lowest max temp. 37.6°, on the 7th; Highest mean temp 46.85°; Lowest mean temp 33.75°, on
the 7th; mean max temp 48.18°; Mean min temp. 35.43°; mean Range of temp. 12.75°; Mean temp.
41.05°; below that of last week by 4.50°.
Sun. 13th __ Mr. Wood held his usual service. I attended both services.
Germany reply to President Wilsons note accepts his terms but with a proviso that there should be a
commission appointed to talk over things first. This apparently not acceptable to the Allies and the
war is likely to continue. German retreating orderly and the Allies have to fight hard for every mile
The weather: raining this am. S.E. wind; overcast all day.
Max temp. 55.3°; Min temp. 38.0°; mean temp. 47.75°; above the average by 4.95.
Mon. 14th __ Not much being done today. Several of the Westport, Back Cove & Pumbley Cove
men getting ready to go to bay of Islands to work in the herring factories there. People here from
Pumbley Cove etc. Spanish influenza is raging in St. John’s. All schools, theatre etc. closed by the
Board of Health. No important war news. I have 4 cashs of Cod Oil ready for shipment.
The weather: overcast; wind SSW; rain since 6pm. Bar at 9pm 29.17; ther 55.7.
Max temp. 60.0; Min temp. 51.9°; Mean temp. 55.00; Above the average by 12.40°.
Tue. 15th __ Big Island women here this afternoon with fish & potatoes. Thos. Stuckless of Perbeck
Cove here this am. We held a meeting in the school room tonight to arrange matters for a school
teacher expected here in December for the winter. Luke Jacobs is going to board the teacher. No
important war news.
The weather: overcast & dark; wind S.E., light; Bar at 9pm 29.16; ther. 41.0.
Max temp. 55.8°; Min temp. 40.0°; Mean temp. 42.50°; above the average by 0.60°.
Wed. 16th __ The S.S. Devon left Seal Cove at 8:45 and is due here about 11pm. Nobody here from
outside. A big Allied drive in progress in Belgium.
The weather: stormy & cold; wind N & N.N.W. with rain showers. Bar at 9pm 29.35in.
Max temp 44.9°; Min temp 37.2°; Mean temp 38.30; above the average by 4.30°.
Thu. 17th __ A little fish got at Pound Cove today. No important war news. The line became
interrupted between here & Seal Cove since 6pm. I have been reading the newspapers today.
The weather: unsettled & cold; wind N & N.N.E. hail & rain showers at times.
Bar at 9pm 29.53; ther 35.9.
Max temp 40.5°; Min temp 34.5°; Mean temp 36.45°; below the average by 6.55°.
Fri. 18th __ Line still interrupted between here and Seal Cove. Lush & E.P.K. Combdon here in
motor boat from Jackson’s Arm this am.
October 18th 1918
Fri. 18th __ Hancock & Bart Rice here in motor boat from Hampden tonight. Old Lacey was here
from Perbeck Cove this afternoon.
The weather: overcast & cold; wind N. & N.N.E. light; Bar at 9pm 29.71; ther 33.0°.
Max temp 40.4°; Min temp 32.0°; mean temp 34.50°; below the average by 8.20.
Sat. 18th __ A busy day! Zack Ricketts, John Gale & Wm. Brett of Big Isld. Philip Brett of Big
Island, Wm. Jacobs and others shipping fish today. I took over 20 qlts of fish. Wm. Jacobs, James
Jacobs, Simon Jacobs & George Hurley were packing fish for us this am. We packed 20 qlts.
We have 167 qlts of fish in to date. The line was fixed between here and Seal Cove at 11am. The
break was situated in Western Arm and was caused by wood cutters.
Henry Langford was here in his bully on the way home from Seal Cove.
Hancock & Rice left here for Bear Cove this morning.
The Allies are victoriously advancing through Belgium and the whole sea coast of that country now
in their hands. The German also continue to retreat from Northern France.
The weather: fine & sunny at times but with occasional snow & hail storms; wind N.N.E. & N.E.
Cold. Bar at 9pm 29.82; ther. 35.0°.
Max temp 44.0°; min temp 30.5°; mean temp. 36.50°; below the average by 4.90.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 60.0°, on the 14th; Lowest 30.5°, on the 19th; Range 29.50°; Highest min temp 51.9°, on the
14th; Lowest max temp 40.4°, on the 18th; Highest mean temp 55.00°, on the 14th; Lowest mean temp
34.50°, on the 18th; mean max temp 48.70; mean min temp 37.73°;
October 19th 1918
Weekly Temp Record – Continued
Mean Range of temp 10.97°; Mean temp 41.57°; Higher than that of last week by 0.52°.
Mean of Bar at 9pm 29.46in.
Sun. 20th __ Parson Wood held his usual services. I attended both. The S.S. Susu arrived from
South at 5:15pm. She brought freight for us and left again at 6:15pm.
The weather: wind S.W. rather cloudy; Max temp 46.2°; Min temp 33.0°; Mean temp. 38.45; below
the average by 4.35°.
Mon. 21st __ A busy day! We had Wm. Jacobs, Simon Jacobs & James Jacobs employed packing
fish this am. We have 50 qlts of fish packed ready for the return Susu. People here from Bear Cove,
Hampden & Big Island. Some Seal Cove men here this early pm. Spanish Influenza is spreading
rapidly through our the Dominion. The White Bay men who left to go via Howley to Bay of Islands
returned again yesty as the Influenza is raging at Bay of Islands. Dr. Grenfell in the Stratcova arrived
at Seal Cove this morning.
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; wind S.W. strong. Bar 29.54.
Max temp 52.5°; Min temp 38.0°; mean temp 43.35°; above the average by 1.15°.
Tue 22nd __ Dr. Grenfell in the Stratcova arrived here at 2:30pm. People here from Pumbley Cove
etc to see Dr. Grenfell. The stratcova remains here tonight. I took several qlts of fish today from
Ned Stuckless of Perbeck Cove & Wm. Gale Jr. Of Pumbley Cove. Germany’s not in reply to
President Wilson published today. It agrees to his terms but is apparently unacceptable to the asllies.
October 22nd 1918
Tue 22nd __ The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; wind East.
Max temp. 44.5°; Min temp 33.0°; Mean temp 41.70°; below the average by 0.80°.
Wed. 23rd __ Nothing being done here today. No important war news. Dr. Grenfell left here at 8am
bound to Jackson’s Arm.
The weather: miserable dirty day; strong wind N.E. with rain & fog; cold. Bar 29.70.
Max temp 41.4°; Min temp 37.2°; Mean temp 37.65; below the average by 6.15°.
Thu. 24th __ Not much being done today. The S.S. Susu arrived at Jackson’s Arm tonight and left
there for Seal Cove leaving out Westport & Bear Cove. About 130 pkts. Of freight left here tro not
calling. I had 35 brls fish & 4 cashs of Cod Oil which were rolled out on the wharf and had to be
stored again when we found out she had passed this place.
The weather: overcast this am; fine & sunny this pm; wind E.
Max temp 42.7°; Min temp 32.0; Mean temp 36.50°; below the average by 4.10°.
Fri 25th __ Zack Ricketts of Big Island here this afternoon. He sold us 4 qlts of fish which he had
packed in barrels for St. John’s. E. W. Breen was in Pound Cove in his trading boat this afternoon.
The S.S. Devon was set down to sail for the Northern ports this day. The Prospero has to go to New
The Allies are still driving the Germans in France & Belgium. Germanys peace proposals are being
considered by the Allied war council.
The weather: fine & sunny at times; light winds & S. Bar at 9pm 29.88in.
Max temp 43.5°; min temp 28.3; Mean temp 39.75°; Above the average past 15 years by 1.45°.
October 26th 1918
Sat. 26th __ Not much being done here today. People here from Pumbley Cove. Simon Jacobs went
to Bear Cove with a message for Breen today. No important war news. Several men from Pound &
Westport gone up the bay squid hunting; they went in Andrew Fudges motor boat.
The weather: dull & overcast; wind SW this am; E.S.E. this evening with rain. Bar at 9pm 29.98
Max temp. 46.0°; Min temp. 35.3°; Mean temp. 39.65°; below the average by 1.75°.
Weekly Temp Record:
Highest 52.5°, on the 21st; Lowest 28.3°, on the 25th; Range 24.2°; Highest min temp 38.0°, on the
21st; Lowest max temp 41.4°, on the 23rd; Highest mean temp 41.70°, on the 22nd; Lowest mean temp
36.50°, on the 24th; Mean max temp 45.26°; Mean min temp 33.83°; Mean Range of temp 11:43;
Mean temp 39.58; Lower than that of last week by 2.19°.
Sun. 27th __ Parson Wood held his usual services today. I attended Evening service with Elsie
Milley & Theme.
The weather: dull & overcast; strong S.W. wind cold & chilly. Bar 29.82.
Max temp 39.5; min temp 31.0°; Mean temp 36.75°; below the average by 3.15°.
Mon. 28th __ George is sick today and I am not feeling very well. Mrs. Sophia Stuckless here with
fish this pm. WM. & Darius Jacob are gone in the country today. The German are starting a new
retreat from Northern France. Turkey has offered peace proposals which are said to be virtually a
The weather: dull & cloudy; wind SW & N this am and early pm; S.S.W. tonight with Rain.
Bar 29.55in. Max temp 46.0°; Mean temp 36.2; Mean temp 43.70; above the average by 3.90°.
Tue. 29th __ Todays war news indicates that Austro-Hungary is prepared to surrender .Today’s
casualty list includes Walter Jacobs who is reported dead, yesterday his father received a message
from the minister of militia reporting him as seriously ill of bronchial pneumonia. Walter is 24 yrs
old and joined the NFLD Regt in June 1917 .
People here from Back Cove ,Big Isld . I took 4 qlts of fish from Uriah Ricketts of Big Isld this am,
The weather ;overcast this am Bar at 9pm 29.57 in ther 40°.0 Misty and foggy this pm ; wind SW
this am ;East this pm .Max temp 56°.0,min temp 39.°2 mean temp 44.°90 above average by 4°.8.
Wed 30th Not much being done here today . Two fellows named young who are at Sops Arm in
schooner hunting for herring were here in motor boat this evening . People here from Pumbley Cove
etc. No important war news .
Weather dirty day wind E and SE misty and raining . Bar at 9pm 29.42 in ther 42°.1 max temp
42°.1 min temp 39°.0 mean temp 41.°05 above average by 2.°05.
Thurs 31st The Young s here this evening in their schooner from Sops Arm , People here from
Pumbley Cove and Wild Cove . Austria and Turkey are practically out of the war .Both countries
now sueing for peace . A big offensive taking place on the Italian front 33,000 Austrians already
The weather another miserably dirty day . wind SE with fog and heavy rain ,Bar 29.28 max temp
42 °.8 min temp 40°.5 mean temp 41.°15 above average by 3°15.
Monthly Temp Record Oct 1918
Highest 60°.0 on the 14th ,Lowest 28 °.3 on the 25th Range 31°.7 Highest min temp 51 °.9 on the 14th
Lowest max temp 37°.6 on the 7th.;Highest mean temp 55 °.00 on the 14th Lowest mean temp
33°.75 on the 7th ,Mean max temp46°.98 ; mean min temp36°.48 ; mean range of temp10°.50; mean
temp 41°.15 below the average (04-17 ) by 1°55.
Fri 1st.—The S. S.E. of Devon arrived here at 3pm. And left again at 3.30pm going North . Spanish
Influenza is very bad in St .John’s and other southern outports . Today’s news indicate that the war
is drawing to a close . The Austrians are in a bad state on the Italian front and have already lost
50,000 prisoners . While the allies have cut their armies in two and a quarter of a million Austrians
are likely to have to surrender .
People here from Hampden, Purbeck Cove etc.
Weather –foggy and misty this am. moderate wind S.W. clearing this pm , very mild .Bar at 9pm
29°.27 in. Max temp 50°.0 min temp 40°. 2 mean temp43°.85 above average by 6.95°
Sat 2nd --Not much being done here today Austria and Hungary are both in revolution , Hungary has
been declared a republic while Austria has been accepted a Constition which has no place for the
Mr Wood has decided to close the church for a time owing to Spanish Influenza .
Weather---dirty day foggy with heavy rains Wind SE Bar 29.36 ther 36°.5 Max temp 47°.5 min
temp 36°.0 mean temp 37°.75 above average by 1°.45
WEEKLY TEMP RECORD NOV 2ND 1918
Highest 56°.0 on the 29th; lowest 31°.0 on the 27th, Range 25°.0 Highest min temp 40°.5 on the 31st
lowest max temp 39°.0 on the 27th ;Highest mean temp 44°.90 on the 29th ,lowest mean temp 36°.75
on the 27th mean max temp 46°.27 mean min temp 37°.44 ,mean range of temp 8°.83 mean temp
41°.31 higher by 1°.73 than that of last week.
Sun 3rd. _Mother has been confined to her bed today, she is ill and had two of her old fits tonight
about 7pm ,No prayers .I didn’t get up until 11.30 am .
Weather miserably dirty ,strong wind about ENE with rain and snow .Bar at 9pm 29.64 in max temp
37°.2 min temp 33°.5 mean temp 35°.00,below average by 1°.00.
Nov 4th___The S.S. Earl of Devon arrived from North at 8.30am .she took all freight for St Johns’
including 49 qlts of fish and 4 casks of cod oil for us. Job Osborne left by here with 25 qlts of fish
for La Scie .
I have been busy in shop and stores today .
Todays’ news reports that a Republic has been established in Austro-Hungary , that Austro-Hungary
signed armistice with the allies yesterday, that all the leaders of the various German political parties
have demanded the abdication of Kaiser William, that since the big allied offensive began on the
Western front July 15th 365,000 prisoners , 8,000cannon etc have been captured.
The S.S. Susu left Wesleyville 10am coming North.
Weather---blowing hard ENE with snow this am, clearing but overcast this pm ,wind west , Bar at
Max temp 36°.0 min temp32°0 mean temp32°85 below average by 5°
November 5th 1918
Tues 5th The terms of armistice between allies and Austria was published from Washington
today. They amount to practically unconditional surrender on the part of Austro-Hungary Austria
has to give up the to the allies more than half of her navy to disarm the remainder; to demobilize all
her army except prewar effectives; The allies have the right to occupy any part of her territories they
consider necessary etc. etc. .These terms foreshadow those likely to be demanded of Germany before
she obtains a armistice from the allies.
Simon Gale the Hampden mailman was here this pm .The Prospero is slated to leave St Johns’ on the
Northern coastal service Monday Nov11th . A large motor boat containing several La Scie men on
their way up the bay deer hunting put in here this afternoon , they left again at 6pm.
This being bonfire night the boys here at Big Isld and Sops Arm held bonfires after dark .
Weather –dull and cloudy, wind W&E Bar at 9pm 29°.82 in ther 33°5 Max temp40°2 min temp
33°0 mean temp35°.75 below average by 3°.15
Wed 6th ___ A very busy day ; I took 30 qlts of fish from John and Philip Brett ;Luke Jacobs and
Stephen Jacobs of Pound Cove ; the Pardys of Lower Wild Cove ,James Jacobs Simon Jacobs and
Alex Ricketts of Westport etc . Job Robert Luke Richard William and Elijah Gale , James George
and John Osborne of Hampden here in motor boat from Jacksons Arm on their way home this am
Simon Gale left here with the Hampden mail this early am..
Wed 6th Todays war news reports the Germans are retreating on a 70 mile front in France . The
Germans have been notified by Pres Wilson that they must apply to Marshall Froch for armistice
Weather splendid day fine and sunny wind NNE ,cold and frosty this am and tonight . Max temp
38.°0 min temp 26°.1 mean temp29°.80 below average by 5°.80
Thurs 7th’ _- We had 21qtls of fish packed in 4 punchions this morning . The S.S. Susu arrived
here at 7pm and left again at 9pm
The Germans have signed an armistice and hostilities ceased at 2pm today .Terms not yet
published . Rev Mr Meaden was aboard the Susu bound to Jacksons Arm
Janet Hender Geo Hender’s oldest daughter died at Jacksons Arm this am . Sam Hender and John
Budden was here in Hender’s large motor boat this afternoon.
Weather --------blowing hard from SW rather overcast , Bar at 9pm 29°.46in. max temp 43°.0 min
temp 28°.4 mean temp 40°.00 above average by 4°40
Fri 8th.___I have had another busy day . took about 10 qlts of fish from Luye Jacobs and WM
Ricketts etc. James Hancock here in motor boat from Hampden today. I received old books from
Uncle Abe Pearce Twillingate by Susu last night . Some nearly 150 yrs old .
I received 42 sacks of coal for the office by Susu last night , Wm and Sydney Jacobs emptied them in
the old shed today, I have to return the sacks by Susu
Last night reports that Germany has signed an armistice is false.
Revolution seems to be raging in Germany, all the German fleet is in control of mutineers and are
flying the red flag.
The weather ----Rather unsettled ,rain storms at times , Wind N& N.E Bar 29.52 in ther 37°.0Max
temp44°.0 min temp33°.5 mean temp 38°25 above average by 1°55
Sat 9th ----Wm & James Jacobs were sawing wood for the house today. Not much being done here
today . No important war news today .The Germans have 72 hours in which to accept or reject allies
terms for Armistice ,it is generally expected that Germany will accept allies terms.
James Hancock still here .
The weather -----blowing a hurricane from the N.E. this am more moderate this pm overcast and
cold. Bar at 9pm 29.78 ;ther 31°.8 Max temp 37°.4 min temp 30°.1 mean temp 37°.40 below
average by 3°.80.
Weekly Temp Record;----
Highest 44°.0 on the 8th lowest 26°.1 on the 6th Range 17.9 Highest min temp 33°.5 on the 3rdday &
8th .lowest max temp 36°.0 on the 4th highest mean temp 40°.00 on the 7th, lowest mean temp29°80
on the 6th mean max temp 39°.40 mean min temp30°.94 mean range of temp 8°46 mean temp 35°.01
below that of last week by 6°.30.
Sun 10th _____No prayers here today ; George Gavin & Thos Stuckless of George returned from
Howley Station this afternoon being prevented from proceeding to Bay of Island owing to Spanish
Influenza raging at the station and all along the line . Tonights war news reports the Kaiser abdicated
Saturday night ;Red revolution raging in Germany The allies are making great progress in Flanders
and Northern France Germans on a big retreat.
The weather ----- blowing hard from the SW over coast ;Bar at 9pm 29.44 ther 44°.0 .Max temp
45°0 min temp31°.0 mean temp 41°.50 ,above the average by 6°.60
Mon 11th Nov. _-The war is over : an Armistice was signed at 6 am this morning .Tomorrow is
ordered to be observed as a public & bank holiday throughout the Dominion of NFLD. Germany is in
revolution ,the Kaiser & his family have fled to Holland ,several German states have been declared
Republic .The war lasted 3 yrs. 3mos. 10 days.
Mother is very ill again today . No sign of the Susu from North..
William & Darius Jacobs and Mr Wood are gone in the country today.
The weather: blowing a hurricane from the WNW, sky generally overcast .Bar at 9pm 29.45 . Max
temp 46°.4 min temp 33°.3 mean temp 37°.50 above average by 2°.70.
Tues 12th __The SS Susu arrived from North at 1.30pm after taking all freight for St Johns she left
again going South at 2.30 pm. Mother has been unable to leave her bed today.
This being a whole holiday there hasn’t been much doing .
The weather: blowing a gale from the NW fine & sunny on the whole .Bar at 9pm 29.60 max temp
34°.70 min temp 28°.5 mean temp 31°.40 below average by 2°.10.
Wed 13th __ A busy day , I had Simon Jacobs ,James Jacobs and later William Jacobs employed
packing fish in puncheons Wm Gale Jr. Edward Stuckless etc shipped me about 8 qlts of fish.
Wed. 13th __ James Jancock & Crew here in motor boat from Hampden. Lot Combdon & John
Wicks in motor boat from Jackson’s Arm.
Yesterday was celebrated in St. John’s the signing of Armistice. A Social Republic established in
Germany. The Crown Prince reported dead. All the German potentates de-throwned. The terms of
Armistice provides for the codeing of 12 battle ships, 16 cruisers and numerous smaller ships and all
the submarines by Germany to the Allies.
The S.S. Prospero is slated to sail from St. John’s on Saturday next.
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; wind West, a fresh breeze; an ideal day for handling dry
fish! Bar 29.82; ther. 30.4°.
Max temp. 39.5°; Min temp. 29.60°; Mean temp. 32.30°; below the average by 2.60°.
Thu. 14th __ The Westport men have been working on the roads today. James Hancock & crew
arrived here from Bear Cove this am. They took in the ox Dave bought from Alex Ricketts and left
here for Hampden about 1pm.
No important news today except a threatened revolution in Sweden.
Mother still ill! Unable to leave her bed.
The weather: dull & overcast this am & early pm; snowing since 3pm; about 2meters of snow on the
ground tonight. Bar at 9pm 29.16; ther. 33.5°.
Max temp. 33.5°; Min temp. 23.0°; Mean temp. 30.60°; below the average by 1.00°.
Fri. 15th ___ Mother is feeling a little better today. No public news the lines in Nova Scotia being out
of order through a heavy storm.
November 15th 1918
Geo. Hurley & James Hewitt went to Jackson’s Arm with a message for Buddens and
returned again today.
The weather: a dirty day; wind S.E. with rain; mild; snow which fell yesterday gone this pm. Bar at
9pm 29.02in; ther 36.5°.
Max temp. 39.5°; min temp. 33.0°; Mean temp. 36.60°; above the average by 6.50°.
Sat. 16th ___ Lines down to the Southward today! Nothing been done! Mother still very ill! I am no
feeling very well and expect I am breeding La Grippe which is going through Pound Cove lately.
The weather: blowing a hurricane from the N.E.; stormy this am but somewhat harder this pm. Bar
at 9pm 29.52; ther. 34.4°.
Max temp. 37.0°; Min temp. 34.0°; Mean temp. 34.70°; above the average by 3.30°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 46.4°, on the 11th; Lowest 23.0°, on the 14th; Range 23.4°; Highest min temp, 34.0°, on the
16th; Lowest max temp. 33.5°, on the 14th; Highest mean temp. 41.50°, on the 10th; Lowest mean
temp. 30.60°, on the 14th; Mean max temp. 39.30°; Mean min temp. 30.34°; Mean Range of temp.
8.96; Mean temp. 34.93; lower than that of last week by 0.08°.
Sun. 17th ___ Mother still very ill! Unable to leave her bed except to have it made up. No prayers
here today. No news owing to line trouble.
The weather: dull & overcast; wind N.N.E. & N.N.W. Bar at 9pm 29.50in.
Max temp. 35.0°; Min Temp. 31.0°; Mean temp. 32.50°; below the average by 0.40°.
Mon. 18th ___ Lines still interrupted South of Springdale! I took about 3 ½ qlts of fish from the
Pumbley Cove men this am.
November 18th 1918
Mon. 18th ___ The Westport men were working on the roads again today. They will finish tomorrow
am. Mother was up from 3pm to 6:30pm today. She is very weak.
The weather: dull * overcast; wind N.E. a heavy sea raging these days. Bar 29.44in.
Max temp. 36.4°; Min temp. 29.5°; Mean temp. 34.10°; above the average by 0.40°.
Tue. 19th ___ Mother is a little better again this evening. The S.S. Prospero left Wesleyville early
this am. Coming North. No important news by wire.
The weather: overcast ; snow this am, no falling weather since 10am; wind E.S.E. Bar 29.48.
Max temp. 36.8°; Min temp. 32.0°; Mean temp. 32.50°; above the average by 0.10°.
Wed. 20th ___ Simon & William Jacobs & Geo. Hurley packed 26 ½ qlts of fish in puncheons &
barrels today. Mr. Meaden arrived here from Bear Cove this early pm. He was here to the house to
see mother tonight. Mother is no better!
The weather: dull & overcast; slight snow squalls this morning; wind N.E.
Max temp. 34.5°; min temp. 31.0°; mean temp. 32.25°; above the average by 2.45.
Thu. 21st ___ Parsons Wood & Meaden administered the Holy Communion to mother & I this am at
10 o’clock. Mrs. Wood & Audery called on mother this pm. Mr. Meaden & I were chatting in the
office until 10:30pm.
The weather: still dull & overcast; wind W & N.E.
Max temp. 33.0°; Min temp. 29.0°; Mean temp. 30.50°; below the average by 1.40°.
Fri. 22nd ___ Joseph & Lot Combdon here in motor boat from Jackson’s Arm this am.
Mr. Meaden returned to Jackson’s Arm with Lot & Joe Combdon this early pm.
People here from Big Island & Pumbley Cove. Mother is still very ill.
The weather: still overcast; wind N & N.N.E. cold. Bar at 9pm 29.34.
Max temp. 31.0°; Min temp. 24.0°; Mean temp. 27.00; below the average by 5.90.
Sat. 23rd ___ The S.S. Prospero arrived from South at 12:40pm and left again going North at 1:40pm.
People here from Hampden, Perbeck Cove, Pumbley Cove and Big Island.
The weather: Dull & overcast; wind S.W.; raw cold all day.
Max temp. 28.0°; Min temp. 24.6°; Mean temp. 26.20°; below the average by 7.50°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 36.8°, on the 19th; Lowest 24.0°, on the 22nd; Range 12.8°; Highest-min temp. 32.0°, on the
19th; Lowest-max temp. 28.0°,on the 23rd; Highest mean temp. 34.10°, on the 18th; Lowest mean
temp. 26.20°, on the 23rd; Mean max temp. 33.53°; Mean min temp. 28.74°; mean range of temp.
4.79°; Mean temp. 30.72°; lower by 4.21 than that of last week.
Sun. 24th ___ Mother still very ill. She is very constipated. No prayers here today. This afternoon I
was up to the parsonage to get some medicine. While I was there E.W. Breen came there to look for
me. He, Gertie & Frank came here in his motor boat. They left again at 4pm. Bar.
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; wind S.W. but at 5pm there was a storm of wind & sleet
which only lasted about half an hour.
Max temp. 35.5°; Min temp. 24.0°; Mean temp.28.50°; below the average by 4.70°.
November 25th 1918
Mon. 25th ___ Henry Langfords boat here this am for Hay landed from the S.S. Prospero for Dawes
mill at Hampden. I was kept busy in the shop and stores all the am. This pm I was very busy about
Postal matters. The S.S. Prospero arrived from North at 7.15pm. She took in over 60pkts. Of freight
including 10 Puncheons, 12 brls. Of Cod fish for us and left again going South at 8:25pm. Mr. &
Mrs. Roberts Earl (nee Maud Adams) were aboard Prospero going to Bay Roberts. I haven’t felt
well today. Mother still very ill but she got her medicine to operate tonight.
The weather: very cold with snow this am; fine & sunny at times this pm. Light southerly winds;
blowing strong. S.W. tonight and getting mild. Bar 28.98. ther 36.0°.
Max temp. 36.5°; Min temp. 23.0°; Mean temp. 30.25°; below the average by 3.55°.
Tue. 26th ___ Wm. Jacobs got his family into a winter lilt today. He intends going to Hampden for a
winter’s work. I took over 3 qlts of fish from Job Ricketts of Big Island this am. Mother is still very
ill! No important news these days.
The weather: overcasat; wind S.W. this am, N.E. tonight with snow; several snow squalls during the
day; bar at 9pm 28.81in.; ther. 24.5°.
Max temp. 38.5°; Min temp. 24.0°; Mean temp. 30.25°; below the average by 1.25°.
Wed, 27th ___ Stephen Jacobs & his boy were sawing wood for the house today. Mr. Meaden was
here from Jackson’s Arm this am with Lot Combdon & John Wicks on their way to Hampden in
Mother is worse today. She spent a poor night and feels miserably weak & ill! Mrs.
Wood & Audrey here to the house to see mother this pm.
The weather: very cold & frosty; strong W.N.W. wind; fine & sunny this am & early pm; sky
overcast since 4pm. Bar at 9pm 29.02.
Max temp. 25.0; Min temp. 14.0°; Mean temp. 17.60°; below the ave5rage by 12.20°.
Thu. 28th ___ Not much being done here today. Some of the men were repairing the school room as
the Bear Cove teacher Collins is expected here to open school next week. Todays news say it is next
expected that peace will be concluded &signed before April next.
Mother is a little better today! I took a walk as far as the school room this pm.
The weather: splendid day! Fine & sunny but cold & frosty; wind N.N.W. Bar 29.34.
Max temp. 22.3°; Min temp. 12.3°; Mean temp. 15.75°; below the average by 12.15°.
Fri. 29th ___ I had Wm. Jacobs, James Jacobs, Simon Jacobs and Stephen Jacobs employed packing
fish today. They packed 47 qlts of fish in puncheons and 17 brls. We hope to finish tomorrow if we
can obtain more barrels. The motor stuff from Granfere’s Cove, 30 miles below Jackson’s Arm here
today. The crew were here to dispatch messages. They left again at 9pm for Jackson’s Arm.
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; wind S.W. Bar at 9pm. 29.26.
Max temp. 31.5°; Min temp. 12.0°; Mean temp. 19.75°; below the average by 7.75°.
Mother very little better! Not important news except an expectation that Allies will demand that the
late Kaiser be given up to justice by Holland.
November 30th 1918
Sat. 30th ___ Edward Stuckless died at Perbeck Cove at 5am today aged about 52.
I had Simon, Wm. James & Stephen Jacobs employed to finish packing my fish this am. I have
about 55 qlts packed in 4 puncheons, 21 brls. & one case. People here from Perbeck Cove, Big
Island, & Bear Cove.
The weather: overcast this am; snowing this pm. Wind south, light; Bar at 9pm 28.78in.
Max temp. 30.0; min temp. 22.5°; mean temp 27.40; exactly up to the average of past fifteen years.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 38.5, on the 26th; Lowest 12.0°, on the 29th; Range 26.5°; Hightest-min temp. 24.0°, on the
24th; Lowest-max temp. 22.3°, on the 28th; Highest mean temp. 30.45°, on the 28th; Mean max temp.
31.33°; Mean min temp. 18.83°; Mean Range of temp 12.50°; mean temp. 24.21°; Lower by 6.51
than that of last week.
Monthly Temp. Record (November)
Highest 50.0°, on the 1st; Lowest 12.0°, on the 29th; Range 38.0°; Highest-min temp. 40.2°, on the 1st;
Lowest max temp. 22.3°, on the 28th; Highest mean temp. 43.85°, on the 1st; Lowest mean temp.
15.75°, on the 28th; Mean max temp. 36.75°; Mean min temp. 27.94°; Mean range of temp. 8.81°;
Mean temp. 31.86, below the average (04-17) by 1.26°.
December 1st 1918
Sun 1st __ A long uneventful day! No Prayers. I have been reading an old history of England since I
got up at 10:30am.
The weather: fine & sunny on the whole; blowing strong from the W.S.W. Bar all day 28.72; at 9pm
28.70. Max temp. 32.5°; Min temp. 23.3°; Mean temp. 27.00; exactly average past fifteen years.
December 2nd 1918
Mon. 2nd __ Not much being done today. No important news. Line open between Baie Verte &
Burlington since 7pm.
The weather: blowing a hurricane from the N.W. & N.W.; sunny on the whole; rather frosty.
Bar at 9pm 29.00; ther 21.5°.
Max temp. 26.0°; min temp. 19.5°; mean temp. 22.75°; below the average by 5.75°.
Tue. 3rd __ I took 3 qlts of fish from Luke Gale of Pumbley Cove this am. Wm. & Simon Jacobs
were at work patching the office roof, putting up the storm doors to the front porch and packing the
fish Luke Gale brought this pm.
Stanley Budden & Eph. Combdon here this evening in motor boat on their way to Hampden. Stan
brought me 2 kegs of powder which he promised to get for me by his freighter. Mother is no better
The weather: a fine sunny day; strong breeze. W.N.W. wind; Bar at 9pm 29.11
Max temp 24.4°; min temp. 18.0°; mean temp. 20.40°; below the average by 8.30°.
Wed. 4th __ Mother seems to be a little better again today! Edward Stuckless funeral took place this
am his age was 55years.
The line is still down between Baie Verte and Burlington.
The weather: splendid day! Fine & sunny; strong NW & WNW winds. Bar at 9pm 29.28.
Max temp. 27.5°; Min temp. 18.0°; Mean temp. 22.90°; below the average by 5.00°.
Thu. 5th ___ Mother is not feeling well again today. She spent a bad night having been troubled by
her stomach. Line ok between Baie Verte & Burlington this am but interrupted between Burlington
& South. Nobody here from outside except some Hauling Pl. people for Kerr Oil.
December 5th 1918
Thu. 5th ___ The weather: overcast with snow storms; wind SE blowing hard since noon. Bar
Max temp 30.5°; Min temp. 20.0; Mean temp. 25.75°; below the average by 0.75°.
Fri. 6th ___ The Smalls from Wild Cove, George Hender from Seal Cove and Breen from Bear Cove
here in motor boats this afternoon. I took Millie for a walk as far as Pound Cove hill this early pm.
No important news these days. The S.S. Prospero left St. John’s at 7am today.
The weather splendid day; fine & sunny; wind SE & SW; Bar at 9pm. 29.22in.
Max temp. 30.1°; min temp. 21.3°; mean temp. 26.95°; above the average by 1.75°.
Sat. 7th ___ Mother is worse again today and was very bad this am and again tonight.
People here from Big Island and Bear Cove.
The weather: dull & overcast with occasional snow squalls; wind North. Bar 29.22; ther. 20.0°.
Max temp. 29.2°; Min temp. 19.5°; Mean temp. 23.50°; below the average by 3.10°.
Weekly Temp Record
Highest 32.5°, on the 1st; Lowest 18.0°, on the 3rd & 4th; Range 14.5°; Highest-min temp. 23.3°, on
the 1st; Lowest max temp. 24.4°, on the 3rd; Highest mean temp. 27.00°, on the 1st; Lowest mean
temp. 20.40°, on the 3rd; Mean max temp. 28.60°; Mean min temp. 19.94°; Mean Range of temp.
8.66°; Mean temp. 24.18°; Lower than that of last week by 0.03°.
Sun. 8th ___ Mr. Wood held service at 11am and at 3:30pm. I attended both. After morning service
Mr. Wood brought the reserved sacrament here for Mother to receive some. I communicated with
her. Simon Gale the Hampden mail man and Bart Rice arrived here this pm.
Mother seemed to be a little better this morning but her stomach is bad again tonight.
The weather: wind north cold & frosty but fine on the whole. Bar 29.50; ther. 15.5°.
Max temp. 22.3; Min temp. 15.3; Mean temp. 16.75°; Below the average by 11.85°.
Mon 9th __ A busy day in the shop! People here from Hampden, Pumbley Cove & Perbeck Cove. I
took over 1 qlt of fish this afternoon from the Pumbley Cove people.
Mother is not much better today.
The weather: dull & overcast with occasional snow. Wind SE. Bar 29.22; ther 19.5°.
Max temp. 20.1°; Min temp. 2.0°; Mean temp. 15.75°; below the average by 9.25°.
Tue. 10th __ Nobody here from outside except Joseph Stuckless who walked here from Perbeck
Mother is not feeling so well again today.
The weather: snowing this am; wind NE blowing hard, clear tonight. Bar 29.58; ther. 22.1°.
Max temp. 27.5°; Min temp. 19.0; Mean temp. 23.05°; below the average by 3.35.
Wed. 11th __ The S.S. Prospero left Fortune Hr. at 1:30pm coming north. Wm. & James Jacobs were
sawing wood for us this afternoon. Mother feels a little better again today!
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny but rather frosty; wind NNE & N. Bar 29.86in.
Max temp. 22.8°; Min temp. 10.0; Mean temp. 13.00°; below the average past 15 years by 15.90°.
Thu. 12th __ Mother is not so well again today. Mrs. Wood and Audrey Willett was down here to see
her this afternoon. I took 5 qlts of fish from Like & Wm. Gale of Pumbley Cove this afternoon.
The S.S. Prospero left Little Bay at 6:10pm. No important news these days.
Wm. Jacobs packed the fish I have taken lately. We have 64qlts ready for Prospero now
packed in 25brls, 4 Puncheons and 2 cases.
The weather: splendid day; fine & sunny; strong SW wind; cold. Bar at 9pm 29.98in. ther. 18.7
Max temp. 25.7°; Min temp. 8.5°; Mean temp. 16.85°; below the average by 7.45°.
Fri. 13th __ Mother was seized with a very serious weakness this morning. She recovered somewhat
during the day but is still very weak.
The S.S. Prospero in due at Seal Cove 10pm and expected be there two hours so is not likely to reach
here before the early am of tomorrow.
I took another ¾ qlts of fish from Wm. Gale of Pumbley Cove this pm.
The Buddens & Henders here in motor boat from Jackson’s Arm this early pm.
The weather: overcast with snow this am; fine & sunny pm; mod. SW winds; Bar 29.81in.
Max temp. 31.4°; Min temp. 18.0°; Mean temp. 23.25; below the average by 0.85°.
Sat. 14th __ I was up all night awaiting the Prospero. She arrived at 4:10am and was here till 7am.
We received our provisions and groceries by her. I have had a busy day in office and stores. People
here from Bear Cove, Pumbley Cove, Big Isld. & Perbeck Cove.
The weather: overcast, wind SW, milder than usual. Bar at 9pm 29.96; ther 22.2°.
Max temp 25.9°; Min temp. 20.0°; Mean temp. 22.60°; below the average by 0.40.
I sold Bart Rice 5brls of flour etc. White Bay hasn’t enough food provided for the winter yet.
Sat. 14th Weekly Temp Record°°
Highest 31.4°, on the 13th; Lowest 2.0°, on the 9th; Range 29.4; Highest-min temp. 20.0°, on the 14th;
Lowest max temp. 20.1°, on the 9th; Highest mean temp 23.25°, on the 13th; Lowest mean temp.
13.00°, on the 11th; Mean max temp. 25.10°; Mean min temp. 13.26°; Mean range 11.84°; mean
temp 18.75°; Lower than that of last week by 5.43.
Sun 15th __ I did not arise until 12:30pm consequently did not attend morning service. I however
attended afternoon service. Mother is no better!
The weather: strong SSW & SW wind; mild. Bar 29.42; ther 39.3°; overcast with hail & rain at
times. Apparently clearing tonight.
Max temp. 39.9; Min temp. 21.0°; Mean temp. 34.65°; above the average by 11.95°.
Mon 16th __ I have had a busy day! Was working in the Post Office all the am and at times this pm.
Also attending people in the shop and store. People here from Middle Arm, Pumbley Cove, and Big
The S.S. Prospero arrived from North at 10:30 pm. She took my fish after loosing one barrel
overboard and left again at 11:30 pm. Dr. Grenfell who was aboard going to St. Johns came ashore to
see mother and pronounced her illness to be due to enlarged liver.
The weather: overcast with occasional snow squalls; wind WSW & W later NW fairly mild but
turning colder since evening. Bar 29.70in.
Max temp 40.0°; min temp. 30.0°; mean temp. 33.00; above the average by 10.00
The English General Elections are going in favor of Lloyd George’s Government.
Tue 17th __ Mother has not been so well again today. Wm. & Darius Jacobs are gone in the country
furring today. James Osborne & son here from Hampden today.
The weather: fine & sunny but blowing strong from the WNW rather frosty; Bar 29.90.
Max temp. 32.5°; Min temp. 20.2°; Mean temp. 21.75°; below the average by 0.75.
Wed 18th____ Geo Hurley recovered the barrel of which fell in the water and sunk while we were
shipping by SS Prospero Monday night. .T he fish was soaked with the water .Arch and Herb
Osborne here from Hampden today. No important news.
The weather ; Splendid day; fine and sunny wind SW moderate . Bar 30.00 ther 17°.8 max temp
24°8 min temp13°1 mean temp 16°90 below average by 4.°80
Thurs 19th –Mother is very ill again today . George Hurley and Stephen J acobs went to Jacksons
Arm with a message for Budden and returned again this evening ,nobody here from outside,
The weather – rather cloudy this early am ; since 11am fine and sunny light W winds Bar at 9pm
29.90 ther 14°0 Max temp 21°8 min temp 12°5 mean temp 14°50 below average by 9°30
Fri 20th ----Mother is a little better again today ,Wm and James Jacobs have been here sawing wood
for the house .Nobody here from outside . No important news .
The weather ---dull and overcast this am with a little snow wind SW ,fine and sunny NNW wind
light this pm .max temp29°.2 min temp11°.3 mean temp 24°.00 below average by 3°90
Dec 21st 1918 Mother is worse again today ,she had another weak turn this early pm.
Wm Gale here from Pumbley Cove this early pm .No important news these days .
The weather ---overcast on the whole ,light NNW winds ,calm this pm .Bar at 9pm 29.91 max temp
25°.51 min temp 21°.0 mean temp 23°.35 below average by 3°.45
Weekly Temp Record;----
Higest 40.0°on the 16th Lowest 11.3°on the 20th Range 32.7°Highest min temp30.0°on the
16thLowest max temp 21.3°on the 19th .Highest mean temp 34.65°on the 15th Lowest mean temp
14.50°on the 19th mean max temp30.34° mean min temp18.44°; mean range of temp 11.90°mean
temp 24.01° higher then that of last week by 5.26°.
Sun. 22nd ---Mr .Wood held his usual service today I attended 3.30 pm service. I did not arise until
11.30 am as I was up until 1 am. I stay up until midnight every night ,so as to give mother a hot drink
at this hour .
The weather –Bar at 9pm 29.83 in .ther 34.0° max temp 34.0° min temp 24.0° mean temp
32.00°above the average by 9.20°
Mon 23rd __A busy day attending people in the shop .Levi and Ayariah Osborne from Hampden and
Uriah and Wm Ricketts from Big Island here to shop and stores ‘
Mother is no better .
The weather ----Very mild sky overcast blow strong from SSW and SW.Bar at 9pm 29.52° max
temp44.1° min temp33.0° mean temp 40.50°above the average by17.00.°
Tue 24th __ Xmas Eve : ---People here from Browns Cove and Bear Cove Elsie Jacobs cleaned up the
telegraph office this pm. Tomorrow being Xmas Day we have a full holiday. Mr Collins the teacher
has a notice posted that he intends giving a lecture on Education in the school room at 7pm Thursday
night .The S S Prospero sails from St Johns’ coming North on Thursday morning .
The weather ;----overcast and mild this am,wind S.W. fine and sunny colder this pm. Wind N>N>W
Bar 29.72 max temp 44.0° min temp 24.0° mean temp 31.25° above the average by 8.85°
Wed 25th __ Xmas Day The dullest Xmas tide for 4 yrs account of mother ‘s illness, she being
unable to leave her bed during the past 1 ½ months. Mr. Wood held service at 11am and at 3pm. I
attended both including Holy Communion at noon.
Geo. & S. Hender here in their large motor boat this afternoon. They are at Bear Cove with their
schooner unloading freight for Breen and came here to dispatch a telegram. They brought me the 4
kegs of Powder their schr. Brought from St. John’s for me. They left again fro Bear Cove at 5pm.
The weather: wind East; snowing since 11am about 4 inch down up to 9pm. Bar at 9pm 29,05
Max temp. 26°.0; min temp. 18°.0; mean temp 24°.00; below the average by 1°.50.
Thu. 26th __ Not much being done today. Mother no better!
The school master held his lecture at the school room tonight. By his request I acted as chairman.
The weather: dull & foggy this am; wind E; blowing hard from the SW clearing & colder this
evening. Bar 29°.10 Max temp 34°.7; min temp. 25°.3; mean temp. 30.00; above the average by 6°.0
December 27th 1918
Fri. 27th __ Todays News record that Pte. Ricketts of Middle Arm White Bay has been decorated
with the Victoria Cross. The first Nflder to receive this much coveted honour. Mother no better!
The weather: blowing a gale from the ENE with snow; a rough day! Bar 29.48in.
Max temp. 28°.5; Min temp. 19°.6; mean temp. 22°.70; below the average by 0°.40.
Sat. 28th __ Mr. Wood intends holding a meeting in he schoolroom Monday night to celebrate
Ricketts winning the V.C.
He has asked me to act as chairman.
People here from Bear Cove. WM. & James Jacobs went to Hampden this am with an Express
message from Messrs. Dawe & Sons to Thos. Jacobs. The Sagona is calling there to land supplies.
The weather: fine & sunny this am’ rather cloudy this pm; wing S.W. & N.N.E. Bar 29.62in.
Max temp. 29°.0; min temp. 18°.7; mean temp. 21°.00; below the average by 2°.50.
Weekly temp Record:
Highest 44°.1, on the 23rd; Lowest 18°.0, on the 25th; Range 26°1; Highest min temp. 33°.0, on the
23rd; Lowest max temp. 26°0, on the 25th; Highest mean temp. 40°.50 on the 23rd; Lowest mean temp.
21°.00, on the 28th; Mean max temp. 34°.33; Mean min temp. 23°.23; Mean Range of temp. 11°.10;
Mean temp. 28°.78; higher than that of last week by 4°.77.
Sun. 29th __ No prayers today or at least I presume not as we have hear no bell. I took medicine last
night and did not arise until 11:30 am. Mother is still no better her stomach causing the most trouble
lately. The weather: very stormy; snowing very fast & blowing a gale from the East nearly all day
about 2 feet of new snow feel today; since dark the wind has changed to S.W. blowing a gale.
December 29th 1918
The weather contd: bar very low 28.83in. being the lowest point reached since March 16th last.
Max temp. 34°.0; min temp. 19°.0; mean temp. 28°.55; above the average by 6°.85.
Mon. 30th __ The Lloyd George Govt. has been returned to power in England by a majority of 280
over all other parties.
It is reported that posters has been set up in Ireland declaring that a Republic has com einto being
there. Guess there will be troble for certain parties in that country if they provoke the Empire too
Mr. Woods meeting has been postponed owing to the unsettled weather.
Wm. & James Jacobs arrived home from Hampden this am. The S.S. Prospero left Wesleyville this
The weather: fine on the whole; blowing hard from the West; Bar at 9pm 29.16in; ther 25°.0.
Max temp. 32°.1; min temp. 24°.0; mean temp. 25°.00; above the average by 1°.80.
Tue. 31st __ Here Ends another year! This year which began with the Germans in their full strength
ends with The Emperor an exile from his country. The Allies in occupation of a goodly portion of
German territory after practically an unconditional surrender on their part; with an honourable and
glourious peace in sight. All Germany’s Allies surrendered before herself and are all being treated
alike. The Allied Armies are occupying their territories while their Navies are seized. Nov. 11th will
long be remembered as the most glourious day in history as on that day the great German meanace
was finally removed from the worlds life to be succeeded we hope by a bright and peaceful future.
God bless 1919 making it the beginning of a new aeria.
Up to July 18th the Germans were making good progress in their attempted advance on
Paris but from that date they were driven back with great speed and with heavey losses until the were
practically cleared out of France and from a goodly portion of Belgium. Job Ricketts here from
Pumbley Cove today. Mother is not so well again today.
The weather: fine & sunny; wind W.N.W.; Bar at 9pm 29.62; blowing hard NW tonight.
Max temp. 26°.5; min temp. 14°.8; mean temp. 18°.90; below the average by 2°.00.
Monthly Temp. Dec. 1918
Highest 44°.1, on the 23rd; Lowest 2°.0, on the 9th; Range 42°.1; Highest min. temp. 33°.0, on the
23rd; Lowest max temp. 20°.1, on the 9th; Highest mean temp. 40°.50, on the 23rd; Lowest mean temp.
13.0, on the 11th; mean max temp. 29°.72; mean min temp. 18°.77; mean range of temp. 10.95; mean
temp. 23.95; below the average (04-17) by 0°.70.
Yearly Temp Record 1918
Highest 73.0, on the 27th June; Lowest - 16°.0, on the 22nd of February; Range 89°.0; Highest min
temp. 58°.0, on the 22nd of August; Lowest max temp. - 0°.5, onthe22nd of February; Highest mean
temp. 65.45, on the 26th of August; Lowest mean temp. - 8°.00, on the 22nd of February; mean max
temp. 42°.60; mean min temp. 29°.16; mean Range of temp. 13°.44: mean temp. 35.21, below the
average (1904-1917) by 0°.89.