OntarioGenWeb’s Census Project

OntarioGenWeb
Part of CanadaGenWeb
Return To Main Page |
County & District GenWebs |
FAQ |
Need Help? |
Volunteer |
Research |
Submissions |
What’s New to OntarioGenWeb?
Ontario GenWeb Project: Ontario's Population
Research By Topic
Ontario's Population*

[1600's] [1700's] [1800's] [1900's] [2000's]


*The population statistics presented were gathered from hundreds of sources, not the least of which being Stats Canada - the primary source for all Canadian population data. All information should be double-checked for accuracy, errors may be present. Most population numbers are estimates.

Info to Add/Correct?


 1600's
Like most of North America, Ontario's first inhabitants were Native Americans. The first recorded non-Native settlers - Jesuit Missionaries - arrived in what is now Ontario in the late 1500's/early 1600's. One of their duties was to record the native population.

1639:
The Jesuits record a Huron-Iroquois population of 12,000

1665: Population of 11,700
  • Cayugas: 300 warriors
  • Mohawk: 400 warriors
  • Oneidas: 140 warriors
  • Onondagas: 300 warriors
  • Senecas: 1,200 warriors


  •  1700's

    1736: Population of Upper Canada - 12,775
  • Algonquins, Ottawas, Potowatamis, Sauteux, Crees, and other related tribes: 11,475
  • Hurons: 1,300


  • 1763: Population of Upper Canada - 22,100
  • Algonquins, Ottawas, Potowatamis, Sauteux, Crees, and other related tribes: 20,650
  • Hurons: 1,450
  • Population statistics from this point until 1851 likely do not include those of Native American origin unless specified.


    1784: Population of Upper Canada - 6,000 (European/non-native settlers)


    1791: Population of Upper Canada - 10,000 (European/non-native settlers)



     1800's

    1806: Population of Upper Canada - 70,718


    1811: Population of Upper Canada - 77,000


    1812: Population of Upper Canada - 95,000
  • York (now Toronto) - 700


  • 1814: Population of Upper Canada - 95,000


    1819:
  • French population is counted at 4,000


  • 1824: Population of Upper Canada - 150,066


    1825: Population of Upper Canada - 157,923


    1826: Population of Upper Canada - 166,379


    1827: Population of Upper Canada - 177,174


    1828: Population of Upper Canada - 186,488


    1829: Population of Upper Canada - 197,815


    1830: Population of Upper Canada - 213,156


    1831: Population of Upper Canada - 236,702


    1832: Population of Upper Canada - 263,554


    1833: Population of Upper Canada - 295,863


    1834: Population of Upper Canada - 321,145
  • York (now Toronto) - 9,000


  • 1835: Population of Upper Canada - 347,359


    1836: Population of Upper Canada - 374,099


    1837: Population of Upper Canada - 397,489


    1838: Population of Upper Canada - 399,422


    1839: Population of Upper Canada - 409,048


    1840: Population of Upper Canada - 432,159
  • Toronto - 16,000


  • 1841: Population of Canada West - 455,688


    1842: Population of Canada West - 487,053
  • French population is counted as 14,000


  • 1848: Population of Canada West - 725,879
  • French population is counted as 20,000


  • 1851: Population of Canada West - 952,004
  • French population is counted as 26,400

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto (York until 1834) - 30,775
    2. Hamilton - 14,112
    3. Kingston - 11,585
    4. Bytown (now Ottawa) - 7,760
    5. London - 7,000


  • 1861: Population of Canada West - 1,396,091
  • French population is counted as 33,000

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 44,821
    2. Hamilton - 19,096
    3. Ottawa - 14,669
    4. Kingston - 13,743
    5. London - 11,555

    Population by Area:

  • Brant County - 30,338
  • Bruce County - 27,499
  • Carleton County (excluding Ottawa) - 29,620
  • Dundas County - 18,777
  • Durham County - 39,115
  • Elgin County - 32,050
  • Essex County - 25,211
  • Frontenac County (excluding Kingston) - 27,347
  • Glengarry County - 21,187
  • Grenville County - 24,191
  • Grey County - 37,750
  • Haldimand County - 23,708
  • Halton County - 22,794
  • Hastings County - 44,970
  • Huron County - 51,954
  • Kent County - 31,183
  • Lambton County - 24,916
  • Lanark County - 31,639
  • Leeds County - 35,750
  • Lennox & Addington County - 28,002
  • Lincoln County - 27,625
  • Middlesex County (excluding London) - 48,736
  • Norfolk County - 28,590
  • Northumberland County - 40,592
  • Ontario County - 41,604
  • Oxford County - 46,226
  • Peel County - 27,240
  • Perth County - 38,083
  • Peterborough County - 24,651
  • Prescott County - 15,499
  • Prince Edward County - 20,869
  • Renfrew County - 20,325
  • Russell County - 6,824
  • Simcoe County - 44,720
  • Stormont County - 18,129
  • Victoria County - 23,039
  • Waterloo County - 38,750
  • Welland County - 24,988
  • Wellington County - 49,200
  • Wentworth County (excluding Hamilton) - 31,832
  • York County (excluding Toronto) - 59,874


  • 1871: Population of Ontario - 1,620,851
  • Irish - 34% (551,089)
  • English - 26% (421,421)
  • Scottish - 19% (307,962)
  • German - 12%(159,000)
  • French - nearly 6% (97,251)
  • Welsh - 3% (48,626)
  • Other - 1% (22,524)
  • Aboriginal (First Nations, Metis, Inuit) - 1% (12,978)

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 46,100
    2. Hamilton - 26,700
    3. Ottawa - 21,500
    4. London - 15,800
    5. Kingston - 12,400


  • 1881: Population of Ontario - 1,923,228

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 86,400
    2. Hamilton - 36,000
    3. Ottawa - 27,400
    4. London - 19,700
    5. Kingston - 14,100


    1891: Population of Ontario - 2,114,000

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 181,200
    2. Hamilton - 49,000
    3. Ottawa - 44,200
    4. London - 32,000



     1900's

    1901: Population of Ontario - 2,183,000

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 208,000
    2. Ottawa - 59,500
    3. Hamilton - 52,600
    4. London - 38,000
    5. Kingston - 18,000


    1911: Population of Ontario - 2,527,000

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 376,500
    2. Ottawa - 87,100
    3. Hamilton - 82,000
    4. London - 46,300
    5. Kingston - 18,000


    1921: Population of Ontario - 2,934,000

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 521,900
    2. Hamilton - 114,200
    3. Ottawa - 108,000
    4. London - 61,000
    5. Kingston - 21,800


    1931: Population of Ontario - 3,432,000

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 631,200
    2. Ottawa - 127,000
    3. Hamilton - 116,000
    4. London - 71,000
    5. Kingston - 23,400


    1941: Population of Ontario - 3,787,655

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 667,500
    2. Hamilton - 166,000
    3. Ottawa - 155,000
    4. London - 78,300
    5. Kingston - 30,100


    1951: Population of Ontario - 4,597,542

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 1,262,000
    2. Hamilton - 238,000
    3. Ottawa - 215,000
    4. St Catharine's - 189,000
    5. Windsor - 183,000


    1961: Population of Ontario - 6,236,000

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 1,919,000
    2. Ottawa - 429,800
    3. Hamilton - 395,200
    4. St Catharine's - 258,000
    5. London - 227,000


    1971: Population of Ontario - 7,868,400

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 2,628,000
    2. Ottawa - 596,200
    3. Hamilton - 499,000
    4. St Catharine's - 303,000
    5. London - 284,500


    1981: Population of Ontario - 8,837,800

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 2,998,900
    2. Ottawa - 693,300
    3. Hamilton - 542,000
    4. St Catharine's - 304,000
    5. London - 283,700


    1991: Population of Ontario - 10,471,500
  • British - 3,564,295
  • French - 534,820
  • Aboriginal (First Nations, Metis, Inuit) - 246,895

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 4,036,300
    2. Ottawa - 952,200
    3. Hamilton - 621,800
    4. London - 395,600
    5. St Catharine's - 369,500

  • French - 527,005
  • English - 1,813,105
  • German - 289,420
  • Scottish - 390,285
  • Canadian - 525,240
  • Italian - 486,765
  • Irish - 318,700
  • Chinese - 273,870
  • Ukranian - 104,995
  • North American Indian - 65,710
  • Dutch - 179,760
  • East Indian - 172,960
  • Polish - 154,155
  • Portugese - 176,300
  • Jewish - 132,110
  • Black - 144,720
  • Filipino - 78,550
  • Greek - 83,780
  • Hungarian - 53,055
  • Vietnamese - 34,335
  • Metis - 4,680
  • Inuit - 620
    These ethnic origins do not necessarily indicate country of birth. Some are the ethnicity of Canadian-born citizens (some have more than one ethnic origin).


  • 1996: Population of Ontario - 10,642,790
  • English - 3,086,145
  • Canadian - 2,700,870
  • Scottish - 1,887,695
  • Irish - 1,723,065
  • French - 1,330,465
  • German - 984,765
  • Italian - 743,425
  • Dutch (Netherlands) - 433,690
  • South Asian - 427,470
  • Chinese - 422,770
  • Polish - 370,455
  • Ukrainian - 276,950
  • Aboriginal - 246,070
  • Portuguese - 231,805
  • Jewish - 191,445
  • Jamaican - 159,465
  • Welsh - 140,030
  • Filipino - 122,000
  • Hungarian - 118,450
  • Greek - 113,730
  • Spanish - 96,280
  • British - 76,255
  • Russian - 74,465
  • American - 71,345
  • Vietnamese - 62,055
    These ethnic origins do not necessarily indicate country of birth. Some are the ethnicity of Canadian-born citizens (some have more than one ethnic origin).


  •  2000's

    2001: Population of Ontario - 11,410,046

    Largest Cities:
    1. Toronto - 4,682,897
    2. Ottawa - 774,072
    3. Hamilton - 662,401
    4. London - 432,451
    5. Kitchener - 414,284

    Population by Area:

  • Brant County - 118,485
  • Bruce County - 63,892
  • Cochrane District - 85,247
  • Dufferin County - 51,013
  • Durham Regional Municipality - 506,901
  • Elgin County - 81,553
  • Essex County - 374,975
  • Frontenac County - 138,606
  • Grey County - 89,073
  • Haldimand-Norfolk Regional Municipality - 104,670
  • Haliburton County - 15,085
  • Halton Regional Municipality - 375,229
  • Hamilton Division - 490,268
  • Hastings County - 125,915
  • Huron County - 59,701
  • Kenora District - 61,802
  • Kent County - 107,709
  • Lambton County - 126,971
  • Lanark County - 62,495
  • Leeds and Grenville United Counties - 96,606
  • Lennox and Addington County - 39,461
  • Manitoulin District - 12,679
  • Middlesex County - 403,185
  • Muskoka District Municipality - 53,106
  • Niagara Regional Municipality - 410,574
  • Nipissing District - 82,910
  • Northumberland County - 77,497
  • Ottawa Division - 774,072
  • Oxford County - 99,270
  • Parry Sound District - 39,665
  • Peel Regional Municipality - 988,948
  • Perth County - 73,675
  • Peterborough County - 125,856
  • Prescott and Russell United Counties - 76,446
  • Prince Edward County - 24,901
  • Rainy River District - 22,109
  • Renfrew County - 95,138
  • Simcoe County - 377,050
  • Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry United Counties - 109,522
  • Sudbury District - 22,894
  • Sudbury (City of & surrounding municipal area) - 155,268
  • Thunder Bay District - 150,860
  • Timiskaming District - 34,442
  • Toronto Division - 2,481,494
  • Victoria County (now Kawartha Lakes) - 69,179
  • Waterloo Regional Municipality - 438,515
  • Wellington County - 187,313
  • York Regional Municipality - 729,254


  • 2002: Population of Ontario - 12,068,301

    Birth Records
        Adoption In Ontario
    Census Records
    Church Records
        Religion In Ontario
    Citizenship/Naturalization Records
    Court Records
    Death Records
        Cemetery Records
        Funeral Records
        Disasters
        Epidemics
    Emigration Records
        To the Red River Valley
        Migration: Out of Ontario
    Immigration Records
        Grosse Île
        Migration: Into Ontario
        Ships Lists
        Petworth Emigration Scheme
        WANTED: Settlers
    Land Records
        Maps
    Marriage Records
    Military Records
        Military Actions
        UE Loyalists: What? Who Were They?
    Miscellany
        Black History
        Books
        Directories
        Mental Health Records
        How Gender Influences Work on Wolfe Island, Frontenac Co. Ontario
        Languages In Ontario
        Population
        Newspapers
        Ontario Newspapers: Past and Present
        Ten Ontario Research Tips

    Return to top of page
    Contact | Report A Broken Link |  ©OntarioGenWeb 1997-