OntarioGenWeb’s Census Project

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Ontario GenWeb Project: 1820-1829
Research By Year
1820-1829
  • Overview
  • Timeline
  • Governing Entity

  • Places
  • What's Available
  • Related Material

  • Presented here is a brief overview of what transpired in 'Ontario' between 1820-1829. This is by no means a full account, and many events have been left out. If you are interested in an in-depth view of this time period, please read the sources used as well as other history books that cover this time period.

    Overview

    Ontario did not get its present name until 1867. During this time period it was known as Upper Canada.

    A complete Overview is coming soon...

    Timeline

    1820(1820-1850) Mass immigration from British Isles to Southern Ontario
    1823(1823, 1825) Peter Robinson emigrants from Cork, Ireland settle in Bathurst District; See: ShipsList Peter Robinson Page
    1824Canada (Land) Company forms and acquires outstanding Crown reserve
    1824Population of Upper Canada: 150,066
    1825Population of Upper Canada: 157,923
    1826Bytown (renamed Ottawa in 1855) is founded by Lieutenant-Colonel John By
    1826Population of Upper Canada: 166,379
    1827Free lands grants to all but loyalists and the military cease. Settlers must now purchase land.
    1827King's College, now the University of Toronto, is established
    1827Population of Upper Canada: 177,174
    1828Naturalization Records commence for non-British persons
    1828Population of Upper Canada: 186,488
    1829Population of Upper Canada: 197,815
    1829The Colonel Talbot Road is completed. It extends 300 miles from York to the Detroit River.
    1829The construction of the Welland Canal is completed and the canal is opened for use

    Do you know of any other significant events that occurred during this decade?

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    Date of Event:

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    Governing Entity

    Sovereign:

  • George III [1760-1820] King of England
  • George IV [1820-30] King of England
    Canada's Head of State; Ruling Monarch of Britain

    Governor General of British North America:

  • George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie [1820-1828]
  • Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond [1818-1820]
  • Sir James Kempt [1828-1830]
    Personal representative of the Sovereign and acting out the duties of Canada's Head of State on their behalf. Also is Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces. Governor General's are chosen by the Prime Minister and appointed by the sovereign. This role is mostly ceremonial, and lasts 5-7 years.

    Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada:

  • Sir Peregrine Maitland [1818-1828]
  • Sir John Colborne [1828-1836]
    The lieutenant governor (pronounced lef'ten-ent gov'er-ner) is a representative of the monarch, and appointed by the Prime Minister of Canada for a term of five years. Each province in Canada has their own provincial lieutenant governor.

    What Places Existed

  • Bathurst District [Est. 1824]
  • Carleton County [Est. 1800]
  • Dundas County [Est. 1792]
  • Durham County [Est. 1792]
  • Eastern District [Est. 1788]
  • Essex County [Est. 1792]
  • Frontenac County [Est. 1792]
  • Glengarry County [Est. 1792]
  • Gore District [Est. 1816]
  • Grenville County [Est. 1792]
  • Haldimand County [Est. 1800]
  • Halton County [Est. 1816]
  • Hastings County [Est. 1792]
  • Home District [Est. 1788]
  • Johnstown District [Est. 1798]
  • Kent County [Est. 1792]
  • Lanark County [Est. 1824]
  • Leeds County [Est. 1792]
  • Lennox & Addington County [Est. 1800]
  • Lincoln County [Est. 1792]
  • London District [Est. 1800]
  • Middlesex County [Est. 1800]
  • Midland District [Est. 1788]
  • Newcastle District [Est. 1802]
  • Niagara District [Est. 1800]
  • Norfolk County [Est. 1792]
  • Northumberland County [Est. 1792]
  • Ottawa District [Est. 1816]
  • Oxford County [Est. 1800]
  • Prescott County [Est. 1800]
  • Prince Edward County [Est. 1792]
  • Rupert's Land [Est. 1670]
  • Russell County [Est. 1800]
  • Simcoe County [Est. 1821]
  • Stormont County [Est. 1792]
  • Upper Canada [Est. 1791]
  • Victoria County [Est. 1821]
  • Wentworth County [Est. 1816]
  • Western District [Est. 1788]
  • York County [Est. 1788]

    What's Available


    Below are the resources that are generally available for most time periods. Under each title is a blurb telling you if the resource is available for this time period. For more general information on each resource, how to use it, where to find it, click on the title.


    Birth Records
    Birth registration was not required. In order to find a record of birth during this time period you will have to utilize other resources such as Church Records, Cemetery Records, Court Records, and even Miscellany Records.


    Books
    Books are an often overlooked resource especially now that the internet appears to have all the information you need at your fingertips. Local histories, period histories, and even transcripts are available, not just locally, but worldwide. Is your ancestor hiding in a book?


    Cemetery Records
    Finding a cemetery record for this time period could be hit or miss. Most people were either buried on family land, or in their church cemetery (what was their religion?).


    Census Records
    For more settled areas during this time a census was taken every year but few, if any, of these records have survived. Census Records that are known to have survived are listed on OntarioGenWeb's Census Project.


    Church Records
    During the early years of Upper Canada there were religious restrictions. When England claimed Canada as their colony they hoped to create an Anglican nation. However as more and more immigrants arrived it was clear they wanted Freedom of Religion, and bit by bit they won that right. But for genealogists seeking their ancestors this can be a tricky search if your ancestor was not part of a religion that was legally permitted to practice certain rites in Ontario. During this time period the only churchs permitted to perform certain church rites were: Anglican, Calvinist, Catholic, Church of Scotland, Lutheran, and Presbyterian


    Citizenship/Naturalization Records
    If your ancestor was a British subject (born in Canada, England, or one of England's colonies) you will not find a Citizenship or Naturalization Record because they were already considered a citizen. If your ancestor was born elsewhere they were eligible to apply for Citizenship or Naturalization after living in Canada for three years and declaring loyalty to the British Crown.


    Court Records

  • Surrogate Court
  • Guardianship Records
  • Wills & Estate Files


    Death Records
    Death registration was not required. In order to find a record of death during this time period you will have to utilize other resources such as Church Records, Cemetery Records, Court Records, and even Miscellany Records.


    Funeral Records
    As Funeral Homes were rarely used prior to the late 1800's it's quite likely you will not find a Funeral Record for this time period.


    Emigration Records
    Not available for this time period


    Immigration Records

  • Ship Lists: If your ancestor was a British subject, or arrived by ship prior to 1865 it's possible but unlikely you'll find them on a ship passenger list.


    Land Records

  • Upper Canada Land Petitions
  • Land Patents
  • Township Papers


    Marriage Records
    Starting in 1793 there are District Marriage Registers. If your ancestor is not in the District Marriage Registers, you will have to use other resources.


    Military Records
    Some records are available


    Misc Records

  • Newspapers
  • Biographies
  • Fraternal Organizations
  • Employment Records
  • Education Records
  • Alumni Records

    Do you know of another resource that could be used to research this time period?
    Your name:

    Email address:

    What is the resource?

    How can this resource be used to research this time period?

    Please Note: Queries sent through this form will be deleted & ignored! This form is for providing information, not requesting help. Use our Help page

                             

    Related Material

  • Questions & Answers
  • Links

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