Métis Nation History

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People-MistaMuskwa-BigBear





Wandering Spirit and Big Bear- Frog Lake Massacre- April 2, 1885


The Frog Lake Massacre in April 2, 1885

-Failed Government negotiations- hard to survive.

-Big change, no support, no land, hard to stay alive.

The Federal Government appeared to contrive!


Negotiations with Chief Big Bear and Riel ignored,

The lack of food and land bought discord.

Wandering Spirit had a young, spirited core

The warrior killed nine settlers- troops deplored!


Filled with regret, Big Bear searched for wisdom

Our requests are basic for survival; avoid mayhem.

Security and knowledge brings harmony then some

Help us in our quest to be good neighbors. Amen.


Big Bear went to prison for deaths he said naught

Negotiations with a united front he sought.

Sickness, broken spirit, he felt over wrought

He died on another Reserve, sad and forgot.


He’s the most misunderstood leader in history it’s said

He held out for his people, working for unity, not dread

His vision of all Indigenous peoples living in good stead

For continued bargaining power he knew was ahead.


Written By Carol Howard Vulliamy- Metis Elder- 2010


Sources: Wikipedia, The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan

Two Months in The Camp of Big Bear ISBN 0-88977-107-3

Houghton Boston Printers, Saskatoon SK







(Primary source documents / Timeline)



Métis Nation History

Commemorating 2010 Year of the Métis Nation Anniversary

Related 1885 Métis Nation Newspaper links

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