Saskatchewan Roman Catholic Churches ~ Online Parish Registers ~ History


Saskatchewan Roman Catholic Church ONline  Parish Register History
Blossom by Blossom the spring begins Easter Crocus- Saskatchewan Roman Catholic Church ONline  Parish Register History

Saskatchewan Roman Catholic Churches ~ Online Parish Registers ~ History

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints has recently released online Saskatchewan Catholic Church Records which include baptisms, confirmations, marriages, burials, and other records between 1846-1957. The following account is a brief history of the Roman Catholic churches, parishes, missions and their congregations in the localities which have released their pioneering church registers.

If priests could be formed, afire with zeal for men’s salvation, solidly grounded in virtue - in a word, apostolic men deeply conscious of the need to reform themselves, who would labor with all the resources at their command to convert others - then there would be ample reason to believe that in a short while people who had gone astray might be brought back to the long neglected duties of religion. We pledge ourselves to all the works of zeal that priestly charity can inspire... We must spare no effort to extend the Savior’s Empire and destroy the dominion of hell. -- Saint Eugene de Mazenod founded the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate. (August 1, 1782 - May 21, 1861)

The Red River Settlement was the first western community establishing Christian missions and churches in western Canada (known as Rupert's Land between May 6, 1670 and July 15, 1870). Two Roman Catholic priests, Father Joseph-Norbert Provencher (1787-1853) and Father Sévère-Joseph-Nicolas Dumoulin (1793-1853), arrived in 1818 at Red River and undertook missionary training. It wasn't until 1840 that the Roman Catholic Church began expanding westward across the prairies to Fort Pitt, Fort Edmonton and to other Hudson Bay Company Forts in the plains under early missionary priests such as Father Jean-Baptiste Thibault (1810-1879) and Father Jean-Édouard Darveau (1816-1844).

Three main factors served the expansion of the Roman Catholic church. The "persons who eagerly left France to seek hardship of life in Canada were zealous priests and nuns who came to convert the Indians to Christianity."~ Dorland p49 The French government was eager for an expansion of the fur trade, and the conversion and friendship of the Indians was deemed necessary. Father Le Caron began missionary work in Quebec as early as 1615. In 1818, a permanent mission arose in the Red River Settlement under Father Provencher. The Cathedral of St. Boniface was erected in 1844 by Bishop Provencher to serve the Apostolic Vicariate of North-West (established from the Archdiocese of Québec). From here, missionaries began traveling west, and Fathers Lafleche and Taché established the mission at Île-à-la-Crosse, Rupert's Land in 1846 as a base for the Northern posts. The Diocese of St. Boniface was created in 1847 serving all of the northwestern areas of Canada. The pioneering works of early missionaries in Canada was published overseas, and these "Relations" were widely read, encouraging others in the church to serve as missionaries.

1867 marks the year when Canada formed as a nation, referred to as the Canadian confederation year. On March 20, 1869, Rupert's Land was sold by The Hudson's Bay Company to Canada. This great expanse of land became known as the North West Territories (NWT) (les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO). By 1871, the Suffragan Sees of St. Boniface, St. Albert and British Columbia were formed.

The Dominion Lands Act of 1872 made homesteads available for a $10 filing fee. On December 16, 1878, Patrick Gammie Laurie of the Saskatchewan Herald the North West Territories first newspaper, wrote, "Within the last five years...the buffalo-hunter is rapidly giving way to the farmer, and the Indian trader to the merchant."~Hardy pp300 In 1882 the NWT was divided into districts ~ Assiniboia, Alberta, Keewatin, Athabaska and Saskatchewan. In the late 1800s, L'abbé Jean Gaire, l'abbé Louis Pierre-Gravel, and l'abbé Moise Blais all had designation of "missionnaire-colonisateur" for the Diocese of Saint-Boniface, recruiting, colonizing and acting as land agents as well as missionaries for the diocese and its several missions. In 1890, the Vicariate-Apostolic body of the Saskatchewan was created The railway reached Regina in 1883, both Saskatoon, Yorkton, and Prince Albert in 1890 and Willow Bunch in 1926. Along the iron tracks, frontier towns, villages and communities were springing up.

John Archer, summarizes the second factor, as, "The church contributed to the spiritual and educational life of pioneer communities, bringing hope, comfort and social contacts to the lonely and frequently disheartened homesteading families"~Archer 78. By the end of the 1800s church work shifted from mission work with the First Nations to also establishing parishes in the early pioneer agricultural communities. European Catholics joined the French Catholic immigrants, soon priests were not only trained in English and First Nation languages, but also learned the language of their community. The work of the sisters creating convents, hospitals, and schools complemented the spiritual services of the Roman Catholic church. Religious bloc settlements even immigrated with their missionary priest such as the German Catholic settlers in St. Peter's, St. Joseph's (Josephtal) and St. Joseph's Colonies. Early settlements would remain faithful, with services held in pioneer homes, tents, school houses, hotel dining rooms, railway stations or even barn haylofts until the congregation constructed a church.

Western Canada began with mission churches serving ethnic bloc communities. "The Catholics had missions for the Métis at St. Laurent near Fort Carlton, and at St. Labert, Lac la Biche and Lac St. Anne." ~Hardy p300 Wauchope, Bellegarde, Wolseley, Lebret, Willow Bunch and Montmartre were all listed as French centres in the Archdiocese of Regina. Whereas, Balgonie, Mariahilf (Grayson), Regina, Holdfast and Claybank served German congregations. Cedoux, Candiac and Ituna were predominantly Polish Roman Catholic parishioners. Moose Jaw, Weyburn, Swift Current were diverse Roman Catholic churches listed in the Archdiocese of Regina.

The third factor which affected the expansion of the Roman Catholic church in Canada occured when the government in France passed the 1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and State (Loi du 9 décembre 1905 concernant la séparation des Églises et de l'État) caused an upheaval. No longer could religion be taught in public schools funded by the government of France. "As the clergy," in France, "were in the main monarchist in their political sympathies this was a reason for fearing their influence on the educational system" said Alfred Cobban, Professor of French history. The teaching brothers and sisters were driven away by the government in France. The newspaper "La Croix" advertised teaching opportunities and freedoms of religion in Canada. Missionaries were needed by the Roman Catholic church in Western Canada for the rapidly growing population and villages which sprung up like wild fires along the rails. It was on September 1, of this same year, 1905, that the province of Saskatchewan formed from lands taken from the Districts of Athabaska, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan North West Territories.

The early priest was often a homesteading farmer as well as postmaster, and school teacher. Appointments in the country side were met with long drives, and the missionary fathers "went their rounds by horse and buggy, on horseback, and sometimes on foot." ~ MacDonald p.3 Priests would hitch a stoneboat to a team of horses to maneuver the winter snow drifts. "Sparsity of settlement meant long treks to church for many people and lengthy trips for the clergy when visiting parishioners." ~ MacDonald p.69 At permanently established mission sites, the missionary now constructed chapel, home, established a garden and put in a crop for homestead duties.

In all matters one must act as if success depended on our skill and to put in God all our confidence as if all our efforts could produce nothing. ~(Saint Eugene de Mazenod Letter to Fr. Tempier, January 1825)

Île-à-la-Crosse.

NE 1/4 Section 24, Township 74, Range 13, West of the 3rd Meridian

Bene orasse est bene studuisse

L’Île-à-la-Crosse mission was the first mission north and west of the Red River settlement. Settled on an island in 1776, "Sakitawak" (Cree for Île-à-la-Crosse ~ where the waters meet) was an important meeting place located on the route between the Mackenzie River and Upper Fort Garry (later known as Winnipeg). The Canoe, Deep and Beaver rivers connect at Lac Ile-à-la-Crosse, a large lake on the Churchill River. Soon a permanent Métis arose around the independent trading post established by Thomas (1744-1788) and Joseph 1740-1810) Frobisher. Rivalries between the Hudson Bay Company, independent traders, the XY Company and the Northwest Company ceased in 1821 when the two dominant trading companies (HBC and NW) merged.

Father Jean-Baptiste Thibault (1810-1879) proficient in both Cree and the Saulteaux languages was the first missionary priest here arriving in 1844 from the Apostolic Vicariate of North-West on a missionary visit. One of the first records shows a baptism recorded in the mission register written up in French is for Catherine Kopiltcho on March 10, 1867, five month old daughter of Akoyse Kopiltcho and Marie Asefuiba. Fr. Thibault welcomed Fathers Alexandre-Antonin Taché Oblate of Mary Immaculate O.M.I. (1823-1894) and Louis-François Laflèche (1818-1898) who both arrived in 1846 and established St. Jean-Baptiste (Chateau St. Jean).

Lac La Ronge Mission Church border=
Lac La Ronge Mission Church 1924
Roderick McKenzie, chief factor at the Île-à-la-Crosse Hudson Bay trading post constructed "omnibus-house" for the missionaries. Fr. Laflèche remained in Ile-à-la-Crosse while Oblate Fr Taché took on the missionary trips to neighbouring communities, for instance, ~ "Reindeer Lake via Lac la Ronge, and also Green Lake, Portage la Loche, Beauval, and Buffalo Narrows".Drees pp 39 It was from Île-à-la-Crosse that many other northern missions were founded.

Soeurs de la Charité (Sisters of Charity) from The Grey Nuns order in Montreal; Sisters Agnes, Pepin and Boucher, established a convent, school and health clinic in 1860.

In 1911, the mission was renamed St. Jean-Baptist Roman Catholic Church (St. John Baptiste Parish). Initially missionaries from the Apostolic Vicariate of North-West (created in 1844 from the Archdiocese of Québec) arrived at Île-à-la-Crosse. The North-West Vicariate was promoted as Diocese of Saint-Boniface in 1847. Oblate Communications Historical Dictionary states that the parish "passed over to the apostolic vicariate of Saskatchewan (which became Saint-Albert in 1871), to Keewatin in 1911 and to Saint Mary’s Province in Saskatoon in 1984". It currently resides in the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Keewatin-Le Pas. Saint-Jean-Baptiste mission served a congregation of Métis, Cree and Chipewyan. In 2011, the village of Île-à-la-Crosse had a population of 1,365.




Cumberland House.

Township 57-Range 2-West of the 2nd Meridian

Cras amet qui nunquam amavit; quique amavit, cras amet.

It was Samuel Hearne who established a trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company on an island between Cumberland Lake and the Saskatchewan River. This very first inland trading post in Rupert's Land was built 1774, and is the oldest permanent community of Western Canada.

1846-1911 Copy of the Register baptisms, marriages, burials for the mission St. Joseph of Lake Cumberland, Saskatchewan, stated in French. Within the first pages is a baptismal certificate dated April 25, 1933 for the June 15, 1869 baptism of Louison Marsolais aged twenty three months at Fort Grand Rapids. Daughter of Pierre Marcellais and Therese Constant. The surname of father and daughter show different spellings within the document. Signed Laferriere O.M.I.

The Mission de St. Joseph was established at Cumberland House or `waskahikanihk' (Cree) between 1875 and 1877. Father Ovide Charlebois O.M.I. (1862-1933) established the mission at Cumberland House, and remained with the congregation for Cumberland House, in 1870 and again in the early 1900s. In 1890 Charlebois School was established bringing education to Métis children. This one room schoolhouse, built in 1840 as an Anglican mission school, is still standing.

Fr Charlebois "asked the federal government in 1892 to allow Métis to remain, Ottawa traded 640 acres of land at Cumberland House for land elsewhere," according to David M. Quiring in "CCF Colonialism in Northern Saskatchewan: Battling Parish Priests, Bootleggers, and Fur Sharks". Barges traveled regularly between Cumberland House and The Pas, Manitoba, a traditional First Nations "trade route that was utilized for thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived.". The remains of the riverboat, the S. S. Northcote, can be seen at Cumberland House.

Currently the Archdiocese of Keewatin-Le Pas serves the area of Cumberland House. Historically the parish originally was served by the Diocese of St. Boniface until 1891 when the Suffragan See, the Victariate Apostolic of Saskatchewan, was created from a portion of territory from St. Boniface. The parish belonged to the Vicariate Keewatin in 1911. In 2011, the northern village of Cumberland House had a population of 772 residents, and Cumberland House Cree Nation 20 had a population of 715.

Onion Lake.

SE Section 6, Township 55, Range 27, West of the 3rd Meridian

Amor vincit omnia.

Notre-Dame-du-Rosaire (Church of the Holy Rosary) at Onion Lake, is currently a part of the Diocese of Prince Albert. As well, the Onion Lake and Thunderchild reserves and town of Marshall are served by the St. Joseph Missionaries of Sacrifice

Historically, Chief Seekaskootch's reserve 119 and Chief Makaoo reserve 120 comprised Onion Lake reserve. A slough located in the midst of the reserve was called Onion Lake or in Cree it was termed Wehahuskooseya Sakayekun or Stinking Grass Lake. A name derived from the plentitude of wild onions in the area. As Sylvie Marceau-Koazicki notes in her report, Onion Lake Indian Residential Schools 1892-1943, the location of Onion Lake near Fort Pitt was directly on the Fort Carlton to Fort Edmonton Red River Cart trail, and north of Fort Pitt.

Firstly, Reverend Father Lestanc O.M.I. (1830-1912), Reverend Father A. Fafard and Brother Boon arrived in Fort Pitt in 1877 to initiate the Onion Lake Mission to serve St. Francis Regis at Fort Pitt; Our Lady of Good Counsel at Frog Lake and St. Charles at Long Lake. They met with Mr. McKay, Chief Factor of the Hudson Bay Company post. Fr Lestanc is described as having a "hardy-moulded figure, and a strong clear voice. One cannot listen to him for long without being impressed by his affectional force and broad reach of humanity," describes Janey Canuck.

Father Merer constructed at Onion Lake a house chapel and in 1884 he was joined by Father Felix Marchand (1858-April 2,1885) O.M.I. Fr. Marchand founded the Onion Lake mission, arriving in the spring of 1885, however his life was lost in the Frog Lake Massacre. Both the Frog Lake Massacre and the Riel Resistance had a powerful impact upon the Onion Lake reserve community. "Tout pres cependant, le gouvernement a fait elever un monument commemoratif sous forme d'une pyramide assez massive avec une plaque portant les noms de ceux qui furent tues la par les malheureux Indiens. Pendant longtemps, cet endroit a ete abandonne et evite et on l'appelle *Kamayikamikak* c'est-a-dire * la ou la mal a ete commis." Roughly translated as; "Very close, however, the government has made a commemorative monument rising up in the form of a massive pyramid with a plaque bearing the names of those who were killed by the unfortunate Indians. For a long time, this place was abandoned and avoided and is called * Kamayikamikak * that is to say, the * or evil has been committed." according to the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, Province d'Alberta-Saskatchewan; Missions de la Congrégation des missionnaires oblats de Marie Immaculée.

The Holy Rosary First Nations 120 Cemetery is located in the Rural Municipality of Frenchman Butte 501 at South East section 6 Township 55 Range 27 west of the third meridian. The Sisters of Assumption from Quebec came to Onion Lake in 1891 to serve the community on the advice of Bishop Grandin.

Green Lake.

NE 1/4 Section 18, Township 61, Range 12, West of the 3rd Meridian.

Veritas vos liberabit.

The northern village of Green Lake is the third oldest permanent settlement in Saskatchewan. A Hudson Bay Company post was established at this Métis community. Green Lake was an integral location located between the northern boreal forest and the southern aspen parkland and grasslands. In 1860 Father Julian Moulin O.M.I. (1832-1920) was posted to the Île-à-la-Crosse Mission. From this point he traveled to Carlton House, Green Lake and St. Laurent to minister to parishioners. The Chapel of St. Julien was erected at Green Lake for religious services by traveling Oblates. Oblate missionaries would study both Cree and Chipewyan before traveling to the north west missions. 418 residents resided in the northern village of Green Lake as of 2011.

La Loche.

(unsurveyed no legal land location)
56º 29' 15'' N, 109º 23' 54'' W

Caelitus mihi vires.

In 1845 the Father Jean-Baptiste Thibault (1810-1879) arrived and baptised over 200 Chipewyan peoples.(Peel 728. page 78). By 1860, Mission de la Visitation ("Notre Dame de la Visitation") is established at La Loche, though the priest travels from Île-à-la-Crosse. The frontispiece of the Register book records, in French, Copies des actes du Registre et le Mission Visitation Portage Laloche. N.W.T. Vol. 1 (copies acts Registry and Mission Visitation Portage Laloche. N.W.T. Vol. 1), and the next entry verifies that the copy is the same as the original, and has been initialed to that effect. On December 14, 1890, one of the first records by J.M. Pénard is for the baptism of Antoine Courangeau, born November 8, son of Jonas Courangeau and Isabelle Piché.

Father Émile-Fortuné-Stanislas-Joseph Petitot O.M.I. (1838-1917) holds mass in a teepee chapel in 1862. It is not until 1877 that a chapel is built. The villages that the La Loche Mission served in 1895 were located in the District of Athabasca, North West Territories; in present day terms, north west Saskatchewan and north east Alberta.

The parish is currently the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Keewatin-Le-Pas, however, historically the Mission de la Visitation was created from Oblate priests from the Apostolic Vicariate of North-West. The North-West apostolic was promoted to the Diocese of Saint-Boniface two years after the mission was first visited. The Diocese of Saint-Boniface was divided in 1891 and the Apostolic Vicariate of Saskatchewan serving the lands of present northern Saskatchewan beyond the 52° 30' North latitude. By 1907, the Saskatchewan Vicaraiate was promoted as the Diocese of Prince Albert. This Diocese then created the Apostolic Vicariate of Keewatin to serve the Church of Our Lady of the Visitation in 1910. In 2011, the population in the northern village of La Loche rose to 2,611.

Pelican Narrows.

Section 24, Township 71, Range 7, West of the 2nd Meridian

Di meliora.

In 1876, Father Étienne Bonnald, O.M.I. (-1928) sought to establish a Catholic presence within Pelican Narrows which had been initiated as a Protestant community. It was in the spring of 1877, that Fr Bonnald met with Antoine Morin, manager of the Hudson Bay Post at Pelican Narrows. Bonnald did some missionary outreach work before leaving for The Pas that autumn. By the spring of 1878, Fr. Bonnald had erected a small church named St. Gertrude's from which he traveled both the Churchill and Nelson river expanding the mission. That summer, Brother Labelle, and Brother Nemos arrived. Fr. Bonnald remained at this chapel for twenty three years before leaving in 1900.

At this time Father Ovide Charlebois O.M.I. (1862-) took over at St. Gertrude's mission for a few years. Before Fr Charlebois left he constructed a new church with bell, and a statue of Our Lady of Lourdes. The next priest serving St. Gertrude was Father Nicholas Guilloux O.M.I. (1879-) who served for forty two years before leaving to Île-à-la-Crosse. in 1949.

Visiting Oblate priests from the Diocese of Saint-Boniface initiated formation of the Mission de Sainte-Gertrude. Territory of the Diocese of Saint-Boniface was divided in 1891 resulting in the formation of the Apostolic Vicariate of Saskatchewan serving the lands of north of the 52° 30' North latitude. The Saskatchewan Vicaraiate was promoted as the Diocese of Prince Albert in 1907. The Apostolic Vicariate of Keewatin was created from territory of the Diocese of Prince Albert to serve the Church of St. Gertrude in 1910. Church of St. Gertrude at Pelican Narrows is currently part of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Keewatin-Le Pas. Close to 790 people make residence in the northern village of Pelican Narrows, and another 1,342 populate Pelican Narrows Indian Reserve 1848.

Brochet (Manitoba).

Latitude 58 Degrees. North Longitude 102 Degrees.

Dirige nos Domine .

Father Marie-Joseph-Eugène-Alphonse Gasté O.M.I. (1830-1919), was born in France, and joined the Missionary priests in the North West of Canada in 1860. Jules [Jean] Perréar (1827-1895) went to assist Father Valentin Vegreville O.M.I. (1829-1903) and Fr. Gasté when they embarked on the formation of the first mission on Reindeer Lake. The inception of the St. Pierre mission near the Hudson Bay Trading Post named Lac-du-Brochet House was formulated by Bishop Alexandre-Antonin Taché O.M.I. (1823-1894). For many years Father Alphonse Gasté worked with the Chipewyan "Caribou-Eaters or Dene", as well as the northern Inuit from this post.

The parish register begins that "This is the original Acts of the mission Pike (Lake Caribou) 1846-1870 entrusts the custody of the bishopric by Reverend Father A Darveau OMI Director in March 1957. Laurent Poirie OMI." The first record shows the baptism of Teraxine Morin aged one, daughter of Antoine Morin and Pelagie Boucher at the trading post by Father Alex Taché O.M.I. on August 4, 1846.

As Rupert's Land was transferred to the Dominion of Canada in 1869, this north western region of Canada had no territorial districts, no provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba and was not a part of the Dominion of Canada until after 1869 when the great expanse became known as the "North West Territories."

Visiting Oblate priests from the Apostolic Vicariate of North-West initiated formation of the Mission de Sainte-Gertrude. This North-West Victariate was promoted as the Diocese of St. Boniface in 1847. Territory of the Diocese of Saint-Boniface was divided in 1891 resutling in the formation of the Apostolic Vicariate of Saskatchewan serving the lands of north of the 52° 30' North latitude. The Saskatchewan Vicaraiate was promoted as the Diocese of Prince Albert in 1907. The Apostolic Vicariate of Keewatin was created from territory of the Diocese of Prince Albert to serve the Church of St. Gertrude in 1910. Church of St. Gertrude at Pelican Narrows is currently part of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Keewatin-Le Pas. Brochet Indian Reserve 197 located currently in the province of Manitoba has a population of about 550.

Telegraph Flat / Battleford.

Section 30 Township 43 Range 16 West of the 3 meridian

Dante Deo.

St. Vital Parish near Battleford, celebrated their centennial in 1977. Bishop Vital Justin Grandin Oblate of Mary Immaculate O.M.I. (1855-1902) from Brittany, France had visited the area of Battle River fort near the settlement of "Telegraph Flat, Ruperts Land" in 1870. By 1877, when the French Roman Catholic priest, Father Alexis André O.M.I. (1832-1893), started the mission, Telegraph Flat was renamed Battleford, District of Saskatchewan, North West Territories. Battleford was also named capital of the North West Territories.

The "Registres Paroissiaux" begins on the front page stating; "Registre des Mariages, Baptêmes et Sépultures pour la Mijsion de St. Vital Battleford N.W.T. Puifsance du Canada 1878," and then the register delves into the history of the mission as such a rough translation;
The mission of Battleford was started in the winter of 1877-1878. It is Reverend Father Andre who has the honour of opening this battlefield towards the end of November 1877, complying with the desire of His holiness, Bishop of St. Albert. After his arrival in Battleford, Father Reverend Father Andre exclaims in joyful surprise and embraces his compatriot, Father Lestanc, who will spend the winter in the capital of the Northwest in obedience to the letter from Bishop Grandin.
The new mission was dedicated to the patron saint and called St. Vital. The feast will be held November 4 of each year.
Father Lestanc arrives at Battleford December 3, 1877 and spent the winter until Easter monday April 22, 1878. Staying in homes of pioneers or visited a few Cree lodges over the winter months Father Lestanc performed 16 baptisms of which 8 were adults, and two marriages. Sunday mass was held in the home of J. McKay, a most charitable host. Without the charity and kindness of Mr. Scott, it would have been impossible for the mission to spend the winter at Battleford. And Mr. Forget, Secretary to the Governor and Council Clerk of the Northwest, particularly deserves an honorable mention for his kindness to the Reverend Father Andre and Reverend Father Hert.
Father Lestanc returned to Battleford in the summer of 1878, however stayed there only a couple of weeks.
In the fall of 1878, Reverend Father Hert arrives. This young Father, received his orders on the preceding June 15, and departed from France on July 27 and from Winnipeg on August 27 in the company of Reverend Father Mere who was a great inspiration, and accepted the hospitality of Mr. Forget. Such began the theatre of his apostolic life.
Finding Father Hert's work, I return to Battleford November 3rd and took some time needed to obtain housing and give some advice to the young missionary. P.S. Here I am on the road with Métis who spend the winter at the confluence of the rivers. ...
Here is a brief accounting of the mission of St. Vital Battleford.
J.E.M. Lestanc.

After the brief history, the church parish register commences thus, The present register of baptisms, marriages and burials for the mission of St. Vital, Battleford. The first page records that on the seventh of October, 1878, Caroline Pambrun born September 7 to Isidore Pambrun and Isabelle Defrene was baptised Father Hert O.M.I. The Godfather Pierre Daigneault signed alone with us. The godmother was Caroline Rowland.

The first two St. Vital chapels were erected south of the Battle River, and the third chapel constructed in 1883 was north of the Battle River. "With the commencement of the 1885 North-West Rebellion, the small cemetery south of the Battle River was abandoned, neglected, and forgotten," as Colette Hopkins writes in "The Forgotten Cemetery of the St. Vital Parish 1879-1885: A Documentary and Mortuary Analysis,"

St. Vital Church was officially recognised as a Canadian Historic site in 1985. Treena Swanston records that the cemetery was discovered in 1999 in her thesis "The St. Vital Cemetery (1879-1885): An Osteological and Paleopathological Assessment". Battleford has become a town with a residency of 3,685 in 2011. The city of North Battleford immediately across the North Saskatchewan river had an additional populous of 13,888 in 2011.
Catholic Church and Convent Battleford, 1924
Catholic Church and Convent Battleford


Denomie Point / Lebret.

Section 2 Township 21 Range 13 West of the 2nd Meridian

Dei gratia.

Bishop Alexandre-Antonin Taché O.M.I. (1823-1894) traveled to the Qu'Appelle Valley in 1864, forming the Mission of St. Florent the fall of 1865. Previously this location was referred to as "Denomie Point" according to Bill Barry in Geographic Names of Saskatchewan. Reverend Father Noël-Joseph Ritchot (1825-1905) established the mission over the summers of 1866-1867 erecting a building to be used as both home and chapel. As a base for the traveling Oblate fathers who traveled out of Manitoba to minister to the several Indian missions along and near the Qu'Appelle Valley, this center became known as "The Mission or Mission St. Florent au Lac Qu'Appelle"

Registre Vol. 1. Lebret Paroisse records a frontispiece of the "Registers of the West" following the typed index. This frontispiece is partially typed and partially hand written, and reproduced here:
Batoche1881
Willow Bunch1882
    Belcourt N. Dakota
  • Mission Ste. Anne
1887
    Duck Lake
  • July 4 1874 to January 14 1879
1840
Qu'Appelle1888
St. Francois Xavier  
Kronsberg1907
Swift Current1908
Lestock Ecole1895
" Pariosse1924
Ste DelphineItuna
.... Yorkton
St. Gerard's Parish
St. Joseph N.D.
Pembina N.D.
Theboutville (Richer) Man.
Lemberg
Grayson
Ste Delphine - Montagne la Lime
Ituna Jasmin

Reverend Father Jules DeCorby O.M.I. (1841-1916) was a pioneer missionary and the first priest at the St. Florent mission on the eastern shore of Mission Lake at Lebret. One of the first baptisms of Fr DeCorby was of Justine McKien born December 9, 1868, daughter of Thomas McKien and Yasette Laplante. Father DeCorby was a man of many names, Petit Pere (Small Father), Staroushka (Old loving one) and the little Father who speaks all languages. Fr. DeCorby spoke French, English, German, Bohemian, Cree, Blackfoot, Sioux and Saulteaux.DeCorby preached to the 500 families in this area between 1868 and 1874. Though the church burned to the ground in 1869, Father DeCorby was able to save parish records, however Mr Antoine Desjarlais fell in the blazing inferno also trying desperately to retrieve church treasures from the blaze.

In the late 1800s, a large cross was erected atop the hill overlooking the village of Lebret. As parish priest in 1884, Father Louis Lebret (1829-1903) requested the name change from St. Florent to St. Florent to Sacré Coeur de Jésus.

The Métis settled in the regions between Lebret and Fort Ellice embarking on a journey westward from the Red River Colony following the Red River Rebellion of 1869-1870). Bishop Tache sums up the effects of the Resistance; "I have always feared the entry of the North-West in Confederation because I have always believed that the French Catholic element would be sacrificed ... The new system is of such a nature that it will ruin everything that has cost us so dearly."

The Sisters of Our Lady of the Mission arived in 1899 establishing Saint Gabriel's Convent. The Stations of the Cross mount the hill to the chapel shrine first erected in 1919 and re-built in 1929 following a fire.The site is frequented by huge processions especially during Corpus Christi celebrations observed on Holy Thursday, the Thursday before Easter. Sacred Heart Church was constructed in 1925. In 1927, the Sacred Heart Scholasticate was built as a theological training centre for all the western missionaries. The Mission of the Sacred Heart in Lebret is currently served by the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Regina. Initially traveling missionaries from the Diocese of St. Boniface made the trip to the Qu'Appelle Valley. It was in 1910 that the Diocese of Regina was created from the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Saint-Boniface. In 2011, about 200 folk made their home in Lebret.

Wolf Creek / Wolseley.

Section 11, Township 17, Range 10, West of the 2nd Meridian

Fiat lux.

Ste Anne (St. Anne du Loup) Catholic Church was built in the early 1900s, though the parish formed in the late 1800s when immigrants from Quebec started arriving to the community known as Wolf Creek or St. Anne du Loup. In this area south of the Qu'Appelle River, and east of Indian Head, the timber wolf ranged wild in the late 1800s.

Reverend Joseph P. Campeau, O.M.I. from the Diocese of St. Boniface was one of the first French missionaries who conducted mass in a settler's home. However, it was Reverend J.A. Roy who settled down in 1890, five years after the Riel Resistance, and by 1892, the first church was erected. In the late 1800s, Saint Boniface in Manitoba serves as the Episcopal seat for all of the prairie region. This church, therefore similarly, served a huge area, encompassing the missions of St. Hubert, (Troy) Qu'Appelle, Moose Jaw, Maple Creek, Swift Current, Balgonie, Grenfell, Broadview, Whitewood, Montmartre.

The "Eglise St. Anne Church. Registre des actes de baptême, mariage et sépultures des missions de Wolseley. Balgonie, Qu'Appelle, Grenfell et Broadview T.N.O. (Church of St. Anne Church. Registry of Deeds of baptism, marriage and burials for the missions Wolseley. Balgonie, Qu'Appelle, Grenfell and Broadview, NWT)" shows the bapstism of Marie Eva Gilly Mailhot from Wolseley, daughter of Alfred Mailhot and Georgiana Tourigny solemenized by Geo Montreuil in 1888. The second baptism was on September 10 for Joseph, the son of Michel Vivier and Elise Deschamps of Qu'Appelle. Also, in the parish registers, it is recorded that Mary Irene Maryniak daughter of John Maryniak and Katherine Danylchiuck born October 13th was baptised by Father J. Alb. Turgeon.

Fr. Roy traveled by one horse buggy on dirt roads for a 50 miles (80 km) radius around Wolseley. The congregation swelled, and by 1902 the first brick church in the province was raised. The old church was moved becoming St. Anne's Parochial School, and then community hall. The new church was rapidly becoming too small, however soon new parishes formed for the outlying missions. Reverend Emmanuel Garon arrived in 1900, Rev. Joseph Luyten in 1902, Rev. Charles Maillard arrived in 1909, and Rev. Charles Sauner in 1917.

The chuchyard features the Grotto to the Blessed Virgin Mary constructed in 1952 from the demolished rectory. Wolseley soon found itself located on both the Reston - Wolseley Canadian Pacific Railway C.P.R. branch line and Canadian Pacific Transcontinental Railline West. Sacred Heart Church and Sacred Heart Scholasticate theological training centre in Lebret is about 42 miles (68 km) north west of Wolseley. Following the creation of the Archdiocese of Regina in 1910, Wolseley was grouped into a vicariates forane; the Qu'Appelle Deanery . 864 persons lived together in the town of Wolseley as of 2011.

Nieven / Grayson - Killaly.

Section 16 Township 20 Range 5 W of the 2nd Meridian(Grayson)
Section 31 Township 2, Range 6 West of the 2nd Meridian (Killaly)
Killaly is a neighbouring community to Grayson previously named Nieven.

Domine, dirige nos.

About 1896, the (Nieven) Grayson - Killaly German Catholic ethnic bloc settlement arose near Melville (Section 29 Township 22 Range 6 West of the 2nd Meridian). The settlers traveled to Mariahilf for services, and after 1899 Fr Woodcutter traveled to Nieven from Kaposvar (Section 4 Township 19 Range 1 West of the 2nd Meridian). During these years the parish was overseen by the bishop of St. Boniface.

Our Lady of Good Help (St. Mary's Church / Our Lady of Perpetual Help) parish was established at Grayson. One of the early records written up in Latin shows the baptism of Johannaur (Johann) Exner son of Johan Exner and Rosalieae (Rosalie) Hegel on October 1, 1899 conducted by F. Woodcutter, parish priest. The frontispiece, also in Latin, states that the book has inscribed within it the names of those who have been baptised, joined in marriage, who were buried, and those who received communion within the parish which was set up by D.D. Adelardo Ludovio Philippo Langevin ( Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin (1855-1915)) of St. Boniface under Saint Winnifred. From here other parishes north of the Qu'appelle valley could be served.

In 1903, the community name of Grayson was adopted from the Canadian Pacific Railway naming, previously it had been called Nieven. Between 1928-1931 a larger church was erected, the smaller church became a church hall until 1933 when it succumbed to fire. Esterhazy Deanery, an ecclesiastical entity of the Diocese of Regina, oversees the Killaly and Grayson parishes. The village of Grayson saw a population of 184 residents in 2011, and the village of Killaly 74.

Willow Bunch.

Section 19, Township 5, Range 27, West of the 2nd Meridian

Dei gratia.

A French settlement with Hudson's Bay Trading Post, Roman Catholic Church, North West Mounted Police Post and telegraph office were established at Willow Bunch in a wide valley near Willow Bunch Lake. The two stores, and land office were located in East Willow Bunch until the two settlements merged into one location. Métis and other homesteaders find it disconcerting that there is no railway going through Willow Bunch, the closest rail is 55 miles (90 km) away.

St Ignace Church at Willow Bunch shows that the first baptism was conducted by Father Pierre St. Germain, O.M.I. was performed January 9, 1881 for Joseph Edouard Beaupré, (Géant), son of Gaspard Beaupré and Florestine Piché. The chapel from Wood Mountain area (Section 20, Township 4, Range 3, West of the 3rd Meridian) was moved to Willowbunch in 1882 by the Métis families. That fall, Fr St. Germain decided to stay on in this community.

Reverend Albert Leuret (-1903) arrived in the Northwest Territories in 1892, and was assigned to Willowbunch the following year. Settlers around Cantal, (Section 36, Township 5, Range 34, West of the Prime Meridian W.P.M) close to the United States, Canada border, found it challenging to grow crops, and moved westerly to the Willowbunch area in the early 1900s. Reverend Alphonse Lemieux, O.M.I. (1862-1925) and Reverend Louis Pierre Gravel (1868-1926) both arrived to the Willowbunch area in 1905. So impressed were they of the fertile land, that they encouraged colonization. These efforts were so fruitful, that soon the community of Gravelbourg was formed about 66 miles (100 km) north west at Section 14, Township 10, Range 5, West of the 3rd meridian. 1930 saw the creation of the Diocese of Gravelbourg serving southwestern Saskatchewan. In 1998, these Diocese was suppressed as a Titular Episcopal See, a part of the Diocese of Saskatoon.

It is in 1926 that the rail line comes through to Willow Bunch. The Church of St. Ignace currently is served by the Archdiocese of Regina. The Regina Diocese was created in 1910 from territory of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Saint-Boniface. In 2011, the town of Willow Bunch had a population near 300.

Ituna - Jasmin - Lestock.

Section 21 Township 25 Range 11 West of the 2nd Meridian (Ituna)
Section 8 Township 26 Range 12 West of the 2nd Meridian (Jasmin)
Ituna and Jasmin are neighbouring communities; Jasmin was about 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Ituna.
Section 6 Township 27, Range 14, West of the 2nd Meridian (Lestock)
Lestock is 26 miles (42 km) northwest from Ituna.

Cantate Domino.

File Hills Reserve Church
File Hills Reserve Church 1924
This area did not have a majority of Francophone settlers, but rather migrating Métis settlers, and permanent Polish and Ukrainian pioneers who populated the area between Mount Mow (the Touchwood Hills) and Lim Mountain (the File Hills). Bob Desjarlais reminisces that when the Métis left the Red River Settlement and headed west they followed the old Carlton Trail that led across the prairies from Fort Garry (Winnipeg) settling in the Ituna area where there was still game, though herds of bison were dwindling by the late 1800s.

"In 1885, the father Hugonard and settlers organized under the leadership of Archie M. Ouellette, a settler in the area, and built a small wooden church round six miles southwest of the current location of Ituna.

The missions of Saint-Stanislas located near Melville (Setion 29, Township 22, Range 6, West of the 2nd Meridian ) were served from the parish established at St. Delphine, Ituna (near Lestock). One of the marriages recorded in the parish register is between Franz Limmer, son of George Limmer and Gheresia Dobjeuski of the Melville mission and Maria Rotmayer, daughter of Koll Rotmeyer and Margarita Potsocrlia also from the Melville mission solemnized by Father H. Kugener on January 11, 1909. Sainte Delphine parish registers are viewable online for the years between 1906 and 1910. Father Henri Kugener Hugonard takes over from Father Joseph Hugonard (1848-1917), O.M.I. in 1908. Around this same time, the Ukrainian and Polish parishioners erect St. Stanislaus Church to the east of St. Delphine. 711 citizens had called the town of Ituna their home in 2011.

Mostyn / Lestock.

Section 6 Township 27 Range 14 West of the 2nd Meridian

Crux spes unica.

In 1896, the Mission of Our Lady of Hope was founded at Lestock administered by the Missionary Oblates of Qu'Appelle from the Diocese of Saint-Boniface. The Mission of our Lady of Hope was also referred to as Mission Mountain Mow. Mission Mountain Mowing referring to the Touchwood Hills. Initially these missionaries did not have an independent chapel nor church, so the services were held in the residential school. This created a separation within the parish community with immigrant parishioners requesting a seperate parish church within the town site of Lestock rather than at the school four miles (6 km) out of town.

The missionaries serve the First Nations from the Muscowequan (Muskowekean), Poorman, Fishing Lake, Nut Lake, Gordon, Day Star and Otchaganesse reserves. The village of Lestock had a vibrant history, it was home of an early Hudson Bay post in the valley. Soon settlers began arriving at the settlement of "Mostyn". The Lestock Station was established in 1911 in continuing the naming of the alphabet line taken up by the Canada National Railway, and the name of the post office changed to Lestock in 1947.

The parish register book commences with the marriage of Samuel James Georges McNab son of Charles McNab (protestant Anglican) with Marie Louise Pelletier, daughter of Alphonse Pelletier and Madeleine Desjarlais meeting the conditions of Mission de la Montagne de Londre - Notre Dame de l'Esperance - Notre Dame de l'Esperance (Mission Mountain London - Our Lady of Esperance) by Father E.P. Campeau, O.M.I. Fr Campeau next married Joseph Desjarlais (20 years old) son of Francais Desjarlais and Suzette Pelletier to Therese Adeline Lapirre (18 years old) daughter of Peter Lapirre and Adelaide Boyer on July 23, 1894.

These two marriages are followed by the list of internments at the Cimitiere de la Montagne de Londre (Cemetery of the Mount of London). It was seen that Joseph Favel, son of Whely Favel and Henriette from the Poor Man Indian Reserve was baptised on the fourth of July 1897 by Father Philippe Vales O.M.I. Father E.P. Campeau, O.M.I., Father Gascon, O.M.I., Father S. Perreault, O.M.I. also served the parish.

In 1924 St. Gertrude's Church was erected. The Mary, Queen of All Hearts Shrine inside the church received pilgrimages to the church in the summer of 1954. An outdoor shrine was added in 1957. Currently the Church of Mary Queen of All Hearts serves Lestock within the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Regina. The village of Lestock had 125 residents in 2011.

Kamsack - Fort Pelly.

Section 34 Township 29 Range 32 West of the 1 Meridian (Kamsack)
Section 30 Township 32 Range 32 West of the 1 Meridian (Fort Pelly)
Section 27 Township 33 Range 32 West of the 1 Meridian (Pelly)

Ad astra per aspera.

Reverend Father Jules DeCorby O.M.I. (1841-1916) was a pioneer missionary who first founded St. Florent mission in the Qu'Appelle Valley at Lebret, Saskatchewan. He then formed the mission of St. Lazare at Fort Ellice before establishing the St Philip mission at Fort Pelly in 1895.

Tucked into the parish register is a marriage certificate between Joseph Langan Jr of Duck Mountain Post Office In Manitoba and Victoria Martin of Walkerburn Post Office In Manitoba married December 1, 1911. And the next page notes that records prior to 1894 must have been kept at St. Lazare (Fort Ellice). On September 10, 1894, firstly, J. DeCorby conducted the baptism of Patric Bourassa born April 12, to Frank Genaille and Henrietta Peponikiopan, then secondly Marie Emilie, about 15 years of age, mother Marie Stevenson was baptised. The next secular event was the marriage of William Henry and Marie Peponikopan.

The mission included a small chapel, a day school and a rectory. St. Philip was located in the North West Territories before it was divided into territorial districts or provinces. Today, the site is located near the present day Manitoba-Saskatchewan border. Examining boundaries of St. Phillips Parish on present day maps, the missionary would travel into the Beaver Plains and Vesna areas of present day Manitoba to an ethnic bloc settlement of Belgian families, and three Indian reserves; Kijikons later named Keeseekoose, the Cote and Key reserves.

Kamsack was a distance of twelve miles (19 km) from the parish. Missions were regularly established near trading posts. The first Fort Pelly Hudson Bay Company trading post was built in 1824 on the banks of the Assiniboine River about 8 miles (13 km) from the present location of Pelly. The buildings of this post were taken by fire in the winter of 1843 and re-built. Fort Pelly was moved in 1856-1857 to higher ground 1/4 mile (1/2 km) from the first trading post site. The rooming quarters and the barn were still used at the first site. The Canadian Northern Railway (CNoR) arrived in 1909 establishing the hamlet of Pelly near Fort Pelly. As Fort Pelly was located six miles (10 km) south of the rail, it was abandoned. (The site is now owned by the University of Saskatchewan.) The second land location is a National Historic Site.

The parish of St. Phillips was located close to Fort Livingstone, the choice in 1874 for a North West Mounted Police Headquarters, and capital of the North West Territories. However, changing circumstances mandated Battleford become the territorial capital in 1877. There is not any longer a settlement at Fort Pelly.

St. Philips parish was visited by the Dean from the Yorkton Deanery after the archdiocese of Regina was created in 1910. Before this it was under the Archdiocese of St. Boniface. The village of Pelly had about 300 citizens in 2011.

Howell / Prud'homme.

Section 12, Township 39, Range 28, West of the 2nd Meridian
The early name for Prud'homme was Howell.

Deus lux Mea.

Prud'homme name was Howell between 1906 and 1923.

Father Constant Jean-Baptiste Bourdel (1862-) held the first mass services in a pioneer home and lived in a tent in the summer of 1904. He had left France at the age of 42, along with his nephew's family, Mr and Mrs. Joseph Poilièvre. For this community, local mass in Prud'homme is celebrated in French. By that fall, a home was built, and in 1905, a convent erected with the help of funds from Miss Hélène Dejoie (1861-1918).

A change in policy in France forbade religion being taught in schools. Residents residing in France still were under pressure to send their children to school. Families and teaching brothers and sisters left France to Canada where the newspaper "La Croix" advertised that freedom in teaching was offered in Canada..

That summer, 1905, the Daughters of Providence (Les Filles de la Providence) would arrive also. By 1907, construction commenced on St Donatien church in Prud'homme, again funded by Miss Dejoie. That summer, the cemetery was moved to the location of the new churchyard.

Besides speaking French and Latin before coming to Canada, Father Bourdel learned English and Hungarian. It was in 1938, that four crosses were erected on the corners of the parish land on NE 1/4 section 28 township 38 Range 28 West of the second meridian, SW 1/4 section 4 township 39 Range 28 West of the second meridian, NE 1/4 section 5 township 39 Range 27 West of the second meridian, and NE 1/4 section 35 township 38 Range 28 West of the second meridian.

Prud'homme is currently served by the Diocese of Saskatoon established in 1933 from the Diocese of Prince-Albert–Saskatoon. The Diocese of Prince-Albert created in 1907 when the Saskatchewan Victariate was promoted. The Prince Albert Diocese was renamed in 1921 as Diocese of Prince-Albert–Saskatoon. The village of Prud'homme had a population of 172 in 2011.

Cantal - Alida.

Section 36, Township 5, Range 34, W.P.M. (Cantal)
Section 16, Township 5, Range 33, West of the 1st Meridian (Alida)
Note: Two separate neighbouring places.

Bona fides.

David McLennan in Communities from Abbey to Zenon Park states that pioneers came to the Alida/Cantal area in search of homesteads in the 1880s. French and Belgian immigrants created a French bloc settlement at Cantal in 1892. L'Abbe Jean Gaire first established a mission at Grande-Clairere, before taking up his roots and traveled 50 miles (80 km) west stopping near Carnduff to initiate a mission for a French Canadian colony.

St. Raphael's parish was founded in 1892 at Cantal. By 1912, the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area, A magnificent stone church was erected in 1914 not at the end of the C.P.R. line at Alida but rather adjacent to the former church site closer to Cantal.

The Register begins by stating "Register of the parish of St. Raphael, Cantal P.O. Sask." in French. The first record on October 29, 1899 is a baptism for Anna Antoinette born August 10 of the current year daughter of Guilaume Crugwels and Jeanne Germain by Father A. Lemieux. In the margin in another handwriting states Baptism for Anna Antoinette Crugwels Maria and Adelard Martel 22 October 1917.

When the Regina archdiocese was created in 1910, it was divided into ecclesiastical units called Deaneries. The Estevan Deanery appointed a Dean who visited the following parishes; Alida, Arcola, Bellegarde, Benson, Bienfait, Bromhead, Browning, Cantal, Carlyle, Carnduff, Estevan, Forget, Kenosee, Lampman, Landau, Macoun, Manor, Mariethal, Maryland, Midale, Oxbow, Redvers, Storthoaks, Torquay, Tribune, Wauchope, Whitebear Indian Reserve, and Woodsworth. Cantal is an unincorporated area, and was enumerated within the rural municipality of Reciprocity No. 32 in 2011. Alida grew in population reaching 131 persons in 2011.

Chamberlain, Indian Head, Liberty, Lumsden, Rouleau.



Section 8-Township 22- Range 26-West of the 2nd Meridian (Chamberlain)
Section 24-Township 18- Range 13-W of the 2nd Meridian (Indian Head)
Section 21-Township 25- Range 25-West of the 2nd Meridian (Liberty)
Section 33-Township 19- Range 21-West of the 2nd Meridian (Lumsden)
Section 23- Township 14- Range 22-West of the 2nd Meridian (Rouleau)

Ora pro nobis.

It is about 279 miles (449 km) on a circuitous round trip to all of these places using mapquest.com and today's paved asphalt highway system. Rouleau to Chamberlain is 66 miles (106 km); Chamberlain to Liberty 26 miles (41 km); Liberty to Lumsden 53 miles (85 km); Lumsden to Indian Head 61 miles (99 km); Indian Head to Rouleau is 73 miles(118 km). On a healthy horse, with a good rider on a packed trail with wonderful weather conditions, an average of 10 to 15 miles (16-24 km) can be attained for a longer trip, and 20 to 40 miles (32-64 km) per day on a shorter trip. On a trail ride which takes an entire week the approximate speed would be about 4 to 7 miles per hour (6-11 km/hr).

1904 Register of Baptisms District of Rouleau and Lumsden, Chamberlain and Liberty were all recorded. Aylesbury, Bethune, Broderick, Chamberlain, Craik, Craven, Davidson, Dilke, Elbow, Findlater, Glenside, Hawarden, Holdfast, Imperial, Imperial, Kenaston, Liberty, Lumsden, Outlook, Regina Beach, Silton, and Simpson were all parishes served by Oblate Fathers from the Davidson Deanery of the Archdiocese of Regina (created in 1910).

Father Lukas was the first missionary priest to conduct services for the St. Anne's Catholic parish at Chamberlain, SK in 1914. St. Anne's church planned in 1915 was blessed by 1919. The Oblate Fathers from St. Mary's in Regina traveled to Chamberlain every week-end to conduct mass. In 1945, a new church was constructed.

Father Joseph Hugonard O.M.I. (1848-1917) organised the Catholic community of Indian Head to construct a church, St. Joseph's Parish in 1903. By that fall, the first mass was held in a church built of brick and stone, and this parish at Indian Head was "served by the priests from Lebret-Qu'Appelle" A 1929 mission census found that the congregation was composed of German, English and French Catholic families.

The Qu'Appelle Deanery was created within the Regina Archbiocese. This decanate appointed a dean or Vicar forane who coordinated the pastoral activity within the parishes of Arat, Balcarres, Balgonie, Edenwold, File Hills Indian Reserve, Fort Qu'Appelle, Grenfell, Indian Head, Lake Marquerite, Lebret, McLean, Muscowpetung Indian Reserve, Pasqua Indian Reserve, Pilot Butte, Qu'Appelle , Sintaluta, Standing Buffalo Indian Reserve, and Wolseley.

St. Anthony Roman Catholic Church in Liberty, Saskatchewan is a part of the Archdiocese of Regina. Between 1910 to 1912, the first church was built adjacent to Wolff Valley School District 1495 located at SW section 10 Township 26 Range 26 West of the 2nd Meridian on land donated by Wm. H. Wolff one of the original Catholic families in the area. Oblate Fathers from Regina served the mission, conducting the first mass in pioneer homes before 1907. After 1907, church services were held in the school until the church was finished. The German Catholic settlement of Neu Elsass Colony originating in 1885 extended its missionary service initially to encompass the settlement at Liberty, Saskatchewan. Then Oblate Fathers from Regina served St. Anthony's congregation until 1938 when this mission was served out of the Mission of St. Boniface, Dilke, SK. Ten years later, 1948, St. Anthony's church and school were relocated into the village of Liberty.

Lumsden, SK parishioners constructed the current St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church in 1957, and the old church converted into a hall. However the Canadian Pacific Railway came through the region in 1889, and the CPR established the town site, which became incorporated as a village in 1889 with a population of 100. Mission Priests from Holy Rosary Cathedral in Regina traveled out to administer to these early Catholic settlers. (The first St. Peter's Church had been completed in 1944).

Settlers from Eastern Canada and the United States began arriving at Rouleau in the early 1900's. The village of Rouleau soon incorporated in 1903 with about 100 residents, and in 1907, with a population over 500, Rouleau became a town. Rouleau served as a centre for supplies, grain and coal for the communities of Avonlea, and Ormiston. Rouleau was located on the Canadian Pacific Railway Line connecting Moose Jaw and North Portal. This CPR "Soo Line" was completed in 1893. Rouleau is about 45 miles (72 km) from Regina on a circumambulating route, and 33 miles (54 km) on a direct route from Moose Jaw.

After the Archdiocese of Regina was created in 1910, parishes were no longer under St. Boniface in Manitoba. The Moose Jaw Deanery was created in the Archdiocese of Regina. This ecclesiastical entity joined together the following neighbouring parishes; Bayard, Bridgeford, Central Butte, Claybank, Ernfold, Grainland, Marquis, Mayberry, Mayberry, Moose Jaw (C.F.B. Chapel), Moose Jaw (Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament), Moose Jaw (St. Joseph's), Parkbeg, Pense, Riverhurst, Robin Hood, Rouleau, Secretan, Spring Valley, Thunder Creek, Truax,

The village of Chamberlain had 88 residents in 2011 whereas the town of Indian Head grew to 1,815, the town of Lumsden to 1,631, the village of Liberty to 88, and the town of Rouleau to 453 residents.

Marieval.

Section 4, Township 19, Range 5 West of the 2nd Meridian

Gaudeamus igitur.

The Crooked Lake mission in the Qu'Appelle Valley was first served by Reverend Jules DeCorby O.M.I. (1841-1916) in 1876 for nine years. He first traveled to this mission from Lebret, NWT, then from St. Lazare, MB. It was in 1885 that a log building was erected serving as chapel and day school for Reverend Agapit Page, O.M.I. who served as a permanent resident priest for two years. Then the Crooked Lake mission again reverted to traveling missionaries from Lebret. Rev. Page returned, living in the house bought from a neighbouring pioneer.

Whilst living in Marieval, the resident priests served also as post masters, after the Marieval post office formed in 1909, giving an idea of the years served.
Reverend Father S. Perrault 01/07/1909 01/08/1918
Reverend G. Fafard 14/11/1918 10/08/1920
Reverend Joseph Carriere 14/09/1920 18/06/1933
Reverend Placide Chatelain 21/02/1934 12/12/1938
Reverend Vincent de Varennes 12/12/1938 18/08/1944
Reverend Jean Lemire 30/09/1944 03/01/1952
Reverend Royal Carriere 20/04/1952 03/10/1961
Reverend Gaston Gelinas 04/10/1961 31/12/1963

A small church was raised again on the eastern side of Crooked Lake in the year 1889 complete with steeple and bell. In 1936, a new large church, St Coeur de Marie Sacred Heart of Mary, was erected to serve Marieval.

It was in 1897, that the Our Lady of the Missions Roman Catholic Immaculate Heart of Mary Rectory. It is now recognised as a National Historic site.

As missionaries came to the Qu'Appelle Valley, and established the parish at Marieval, they served the broader community, traveling across the Qu'Appelle River and about another 13 miles (20 km) hence southerly to Broadview (Section 26, Township 16, Range 5, West of the 2nd meridian.)

The traveling missionaries of the Oblate Brothers of the Immaculate Heart of Mary resided at the rectory as well as four Sisters of Notre Dame des Missions de Lyon (R.N.D.M.) who arrived in 1898. in 1901 four Sisters of St. Joseph of St. Hyacinthe, Quebec arrived replacing the four original sisters. Together they were committed to serving the Kakewistashaw, Crooked Lake, Ochapowace and Sakimay reserves. Today the magnificent area of Crooked Lake is a provincial park The Church of the Sacred Heart of Mary is served by the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Regina. Marieval was enumerated as a part of the Cowessess Indian Reserve 73 which had a population of 672 residents in 2011.

Moosomin.

Section 33 Township 13 Range 31 West of the 1 Meridian

Dominus illuminatio mea.

The transc-continental Canadian Pacific railway arrived in Moosomin in 1882, establishing Moosomin station. St. Bernard's chapel was the first church erected in Moosomin in 1912. Prior to this date, as early as 1883, traveling priests from St. Boniface and Fort Ellice visited the community saying mass in pioneer homes. St. Bernard's Roman Catholic Chapel has been preserved as a Saskatchewan Provincial heritage property as well as a Canadian National historic place. Around the 1940s the small chapel was sold, and a new building purchased, starting under the name of Our Lady of Fatima, until it too was sold in 1964 when the congregation moved to a new building christened St. Mary's Church.

The Church of St. Mary is served by the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Regina. 2,485 citizens made their home in the town of Moosomin in 2011, and 748 in Moosomin Indian Reserve 112B.

Moosomin - Wapella.

Section 33 Township 13 Range 31 West of the 1 Meridian (Moosomin)
Section 9, Township 15, Range 33 West of the 1 Meridian (Wapella)
Moosomin and Wapella are neighboring communities.

Omnia vincit amor; et nos cedamus amori.

The Canadian Pacific Railway arrived in 1882 bringing along with it settlers to the new land. St. Andrew parish was established north of Moosomin and south of Wapella.

The parish book includes the 1884 burial registers which list Angus McCormick (1884 60 years), Marion Steel (1884 1 year), Roderick Alexander McDonald (1884 9 years), Christina McCormick (1884 3 years), Marion McCormick (1884 1 year), Donald McCormick (1884 5 years), Donald McPhee, Catherine McPhee, Donald McEachen (1884), Alexander Morrison (1885) all giving Scotland as their native locality on internment at St. Andrew's Parish by Father David Gillies in the Diocese of St. Boniface.

Similarly, John McDonald, son of Donald McDonald and Effy Morrison; and Daniel McPherson, son of Alexander McPherson and Effy McMillan were both baptised On December 5, 1883 by Father D. Gillies and J.N. Larch.

In 1885, Scottish settlers from South Ulst, Skye, and Benbecula built a log church at section 31 township 13 range 13 west of the 2nd meridian. The community was serviced by Reverend David Gillies and Father Gillies and soon a frame church was needed for the larger congregation, and living quarters for their permanent priest. In 1899, the stone crofters were given permission from Bishop Langevin to proceed with a fieldstone church. This new church was erected 1/2 mile (0.8 km) from the original site, and the cemetery internments were moved to the new churchyard.

When the Archdiocese of Regina was created in 1910, St. Andrew's came under the Esterhazy Deanery. St. Andrew's Roman Catholic Church, Hall, and Cemetery are now a National historic site as well as provincial heritage property. 2,485 citizens made their home in the town of Moosomin in 2011, and 748 in Moosomin Indian Reserve 112B. The expanding town of Wapella had a population of 333 in 2011.



Alma - Forget.

Section 15 Township 8 Range 7 West of the 2nd Meridian (Forget)
Section 24 Township 8 Range 7 West of the 2nd Meridian (Alma)


Laus Deo.

Notre Dame de la Salette was established in the francophone community of Forget, SK. Father Jean-Isidore Gaire (1853-1925) founded a number of French colonies in the late 1800s. Starting with the Grande Clairière mission in Manitoba, Fr. Gaire traveled west to the "Fourth Coulee" establishing the Parish of St. Maurice at Bellegarde conducting mass firstly in pioneer homes.

On October 29, 1899, J. Morard M.S. baptises Camille Henry born in September, son of Camille Guillemin, farmer and Clarice Gilomene Boissard of this parish on a visit to the colony of Alma, District of Assiniboia. A note in the margin of the parish register by Q. Duproz, M.S. reveals that he (Camille Henry) was married November 25, 1924 to Marie Louise Le Caline. In Latin the Missionaries of LaSalette would translate to "Missionarus Salettensis", thus the "M.S." behind Father Morard's name.

In Alma, Fr. Morard had set up rectory which doubled as study, kitchen bedroom and chapel. Fathers Sorrel, Dupraz, Trapeau, Michel, Kuonen, Gerboud, Gerard, and Stephen X. Cruveiller from the La Salette mission would soon arrive in Alma. These Fathers erected the "motherhouse" for La Salette Missionaries in western Canada in the booming town of Forget. From here Fr. Jerry Lebanowski, M.S. reports that missionaries traveled 45 miles (72 km) south to Estevan, 46 miles (74 km) west to Weyburn, 83 miles (134 km) west to Pangman and other neighbouring communities. The population of Forget at this time was 500 souls, most of them Catholics.

Visiting Europe annually, Fr Gaire convinced Catholics from France, (Brittany), Quebec and Belgium to travel to the south east section of the District of Assiniboia, Northwest Territories. Soon St-Raphaël at Cantal, Saint-François-Régis Wauchope, and Notre Dame de la Salette (Our Lady of LaSalette) in Alma (later named Forget) had sprung up. In 1892, Reverend Albert Leuret was "assigned by Archbishop Taché to the town of Alma."

The (Soeurs-de-Notre-Dame-de-la-Croix (Sisters of Our Lady of the Cross) came also to Forget establishing Collège Mathieu ou le Couvent de Forget (College Matthieu or Convent of Forget). The first church at Forget rose in 1899 just outside of the settlement, however the church was lost to fire from a lightning strike in the summer of 1922. A new church replacement was built between 1923 and 1949. Pilgrimages in the 1920s commenced to the shrine to Our Lady of LaSalette at Forget.

Forget fell under the Estevan Deanery, an ecclesiastical entity of the Archdiocese of Regina itself created in 1910. The tiny village of Forget served 35 individuals in 2011.

Esterhazy.

Section 28, Township 19, Range 1, West of the 2nd Meridian

Da fidei quae fidei sunt.

The English "Sumnmer Colony" in the Esterhazy region was established in 1882 followed by the Hungarian Kaposvar Hungarian ethnic bloc settlement in 1886. The Canadian Pacific Railline came through the village in 1904.

Father Francis Woodcutter, and his assistant Reverend Jules Pirot organised the Catholic population in 1905 to construct a church, Our Lady of Victories, by that fall it was completed, and served the congregation for 37 years till it was completely ravaged by fire. It was actually Fr. Woodcutter as C.P.R. colonization agent who selected the Esterhazy town site on the Kirkella branch line of the Canadian Pacific Railway line.

The parish record book shows on its first page of volume 1 the summation of 12 baptisms, 8 marriages, and 8 burials, signed by J. Pirot. One of the earliest records written in Latin is for a marriage conducted by Reverend Pirot between George Babjak of Jeannis Babjak and Julianae Lakatoo and Mariam Kiss, daughter of Joseph Kiss and Marie Szepessy on January 13, 1914.

Our Lady of Victories was rebuilt in 1942, two years after St. Anthony's Hospital was established.

Currently, Our Lady of Victories Parish in Esterhazy is a part of the Esterhazy Deanery Pastoral Council, itself within the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Regina. The deanery combines the following parishes into a vicariate forane; Bangor, Broadview, Churchbridge, Dumas, Esterhazy, Esterhazy, Fairlight, Gerald, Gerald, Grayson, Kakewistaha Indian Reserve, Kaposvar, Kennedy, Killaly, Kipling, Landshut, Langenburg, Lemberg, Mariahilf, Marieval, Maryfield, Moosomin, Ochapowace Indian Reserve, Rocanville, Sakimay Indian Reserve, Spy Hill, St. Andrews, St. Hubert, St. Luke's , St. Marthe, Stockholm, Tantallon, Wapella, Wawota, Welby, Welwyn, Whitewood, and Windthorst. In 2011, the town of Esterhazy boasted almost 2,500 persons.

Vonda.


Section 4 Township 39 Range 1 West of the 3rd Meridian

Dei plena sunt omnia.

Vonda was incorporated as a town in 1907 though settlers began arriving in the late 1800s to the area. Paroisse St. Philippe de Neri (St. Philippe Neri Parish) was established in Vonda to serve a Fransaskois colony in its early years. A Ukrainian colony, and other ethnic pioneers also settled near Vonda, Saskatchewan. In 2007, Vonda celebrated their centennial anniversary, and noted that St. Philippe de Neri Roman Catholic parish was also 100 years old.

Currently St. Philippe Neri is a rural parish located within the Saskatoon Roman Catholic Diocese. Following an expansion and renovation St. Philippe Neri church was blessed On October 23, 2009 by Bishop Donald Bolen. Kiply Lukan Yaworski placed the age of the church at 86 years in 2009, making the year of construction 1923. “It is important to remember all that your ancestors here did to build up the faith," said Bolen, "all that they did to establish close communities, all that they did to foster a spirit of love and compassion.” The town of Vonda had a populous of 322 in 2011.

German Catholic Settlements.



Arat - Zehner - Frankslake.

Section 36 Township 18 Range 18, West of the 2nd Meridian (Arat)
Section 32 Township 18 Range 18, West of the 2nd Meridian (Zehner)

Section 18 Township 19 Range 17 West of the 2nd Meridian (Frankslake)

This colony's post office was named Arat between 1901 and 1914 before changing names to Zehner.
Date et dabitur vobis.

Settlers who had fled from Odessa Germany to Dobruja, Romania, then to North Dakota, finally settled at New Tulcea colony. This colony, also named Bukovina, became later known as Edenwald or Edenwold Colony. Initially, settlers in Edenwold alternated between services at St. Joseph's Colony and the Arat church.

Arat church, was constructed in 1902 on south east section 6 township 19 range 17 west of the 2nd meridian. The frontispiece of the register states "A.D. 1903 et 1904 Baptêmes a la Colonie d'Arrat. Sépultures et Mariages". (A.D. 1903 and 1904 Baptisms at Arrat Colony. Burials and Weddings) Within this book, written in French, is the record; on December 27, 1903 is the baptism of Hilledegarde born December 2, son of Raymond Kriegel and Léantine Zurowski by Auguste Kim, O.M.I.

Arrat Parish in the Frankslake region was a part of this early German Catholic colony which began settling in 1885. In 1914, Arat changed its name to Zehner. Arat church served the congregation for 62 years, closing its doors in 1964. The population of the unincorporated area of Zehner was too small to be counted as its own community, so it was enumerated with the rural municipality of Edenwold No. 158 in 2011.

Langenburg.

Section 27 Township 21 Range 31 West of the 1 Meridian

Beatae memoriae.

The German Colonial Association was instrumental in migration to the Hohenlohe Colony near Langenburg. The St. Joseph parish arose to serve the area in District of Assiniboia, North West Territories (now Saskatchewan). Hoffenthal was a small German-Lutheran parish located north east of Langenburg, Northwest Territories. In the German ethnic-bloc settlement, settlers were unable to read English, and documents were printed in German.

The parish book is recorded, however, in English listing Paul Wirl, son of Paul Wirl Sr. and Anna Foster as the first baptism, born September 19, 1892, and baptised November 12, 1892, Father J. DeCorby presiding. In 1907, A. Gerritsma is shown as parish priest.

About 1910, the community of Langenburg began printing community documents in both German and English, and after 1920 English documentation began. By 1917 St. Joseph's church is built at Langenburg which served the community for 55 years. A new church was erected in 1972.

The parish presently belongs to the Esterhazy Deanery Pastoral Council. 1,148 people resided in the town of Langenburg in 2011.



Balgonie.

Section 3 Township 18 Range 17 West of the 2nd Meridian

Dominus vobiscum.

Serving the missions of Swift Current and Moose Jaw, Assiniboia, North West Territories.
Section 25, Township 15 Range 14 West of the 3rd meridian and Southeast quarter section 5 Township 17 Range 26 West of the 2nd Meridian respectively.

St. Joseph's Church, a National historic site at Balgonie served Katharinental, Kronau-Rastadt and Odessa Colonies near Regina. The frontispiece in the church register states: "Registar containing births, marriages, burials, etc for the missions of Swift Current, Moose Jaw, anno 1891". The distance from Balgonie to Swift Current is 167 miles (269 km) to the west south west, and from Balgonie to Moose Jaw, 60 miles (97 km) also to the west.

The baptism certificate for Margaret Christina Schmidt daughter of Onton Schmidt and Christina Deiss, born May 3, 1909 was baptised May 9, 1909 by the Reverend Father R. Van de Velde dated Balgonie, August 19, 1931 by Father J.M. Heinrich. The first record written in the parish register was on January 20, 1891 for the baptism of Norbert Trottier son of Albert Trottier and Isabelle Caen both of SWift Current by E. Troth (Erasmus Troth).

Josephstal, later known as St. Joseph Colony was the first German Catholic colony, Josephtal settled about 1886 and raised a sod church of mud and stone.

Balgonie was a parish visited by a Dean from the Qu'Appelle Deanery after the Archdiocese of Regina was created in 1910. The town of Balgonie expanded to 1,625 for the 2011 census count.

Leipzig.

Section 17 Township 37 Range 19 West of the 3rd Meridian

Deus est regit qui omnia.

Father George Dom Bruno Doerfler (known as Father Bruno) (1866-1919) from the Benedictine order set out in the summer of 1902 intent on establishing a Catholic colony in the "Last Best West". It was from this endeavor that St. Peter's Colony at Muenster Section 19, Township 37, Range 21 West of the 2nd meridian - (near Humboldt at Section 19 Township 37 Range 21 West of the 2nd Meridian ) was established. The Abbey Nulluis of Muenster was the 2nd Suffragan See in the Archdiocese of Regina so solemnized in 1921. St. Peter's Roman Catholic Cathedral was recognized as a national historic site in 1984. (There are no registrar records online for Muenster to date.)

St. Paschal Church in Leipzig is part of St. Joseph's Colony [near Kerrobert] as is St. Joseph's Church in Scott. The Catholic Colonization Society helped immigrants to this area near Kerrobert and Tramping Lake around the years 1905 - 1910. The parishioners erected the first church in 1906 and was served by Father Theodore Schweers O.M.I.

The land purchased for this St. Joseph's Colony covered a larger area than that held by St. Peter's Colony and here at St. Joseph's Colony 21 parishes were established. St. Peter's Colony, however had more settlers arrive.

One of the parish books states on the cover; "Index of Burials, Baptisms, Marriages, 1905-1919 from Pascals Tramping Lake." The earliest record appears to be for an internment on July 25, 1905 for Barbara Bruchhausen, daughter of Richard Bruchhausen and Mary Bruchhausen. Barbara had passed away on July 20 aged five months and six days. Fr. Th. Schweers O.M.I. presiding.

Kiply Lukan Yaworski mentions that the second church erected in 1913 and it was "one of the largest churches in Western Canada," adorned with magnificent paintings by Count Berthold Von Imhoff (1868-1939). This church fell to fire in 1932, and reconstruction commenced between 1933 and 1941. The Church of St. Paschal is part of the Diocese of Saskatoon. Leipzig, a small unincorporated area was enumerated in 2011 as a part of Reford No. 379 rural municipality.

Curzon / Allan.

Northeast 1/4 Section 3, Township 34, Range 1, West of the 3rd Meridian

The post office name was Curzon between 1904 and 1909 before adopting the name of Allan.

Credo ut intelligam.

German immigrants were the first arrivals in Allan around 1903-1907 establishing the St. Aloysius colony. The church cemetery is located at north west section 36 township 33 range 1 west of the 2 meridian.

The current town of Allan is located north east of the original Curzon settlement consisting of the Roman Catholic church, post office and general store. The parish register books title page states; "Liber baptismorum, matrimoniorum pro ecclesia Catholica ... Cuzon, Sask" The first baptism was of Mariam Armoum daughter of Jacobi Boumann and Symphorosae Riel by Father Wilh. Brabender, O.M.I. The first post office did, in fact, open under the name of Curzon between 1904 and 1909 at Section 32, Township 33, Range 1, West of the 3rd meridian, before changing names to Allan.

When the Grand Trunk Pacific came through the area, businesses became established at the current town site location. St. Aloysius Roman Catholic Church Officially opened in 1922 under Father Schweers, however, the basement had been in use since 1915 utilising a temporary roof. St. Aloysius Church began as a missionary religious congregation under the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (OMI) until 1999. The Diocese of Saskatoon serves the Church of St. Aloysius currently. The town of Allan saw 648 residents turning in their census of population in 2011.

Scott

Section 21 Township 39 Range 20 West of the 3 Meridian

Crede quod habes, et habes.

The town of Scott, located within the settlement known as the St. Joseph's Colony, had about half of the population originating from German roots. Mr. Duncan Anderson who selected the site of the Scott Experimental Farm describes the area of 1911 as "situated on the main line of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, close to the Town of Scott. The town has a population of about 600, and is 103 miles west of Saskatoon, and 233 miles east of Edmonton. .... The famous Tramping Lake region lies directly south and the well-known Cut Knife section to the north and west.... bounded on the east by the main traveled road leading into the well settled Tramping Lake District, on the north by the railway."

The first record in the baptismal book for St. Joseph Church is for a baptism by Jos. Laufer, O.M.I. of Agatha Weber born May 7 1906 to Martin Weber and Agatha Meiur in Revenue, Saskatchewan. Joseph Weber born in Revenue, Saskatchewan on July 9, 1906 to Joseph Weber, and Magdalena Wuest was the second baptism recorded by Jos. Laurfer, O.M.I. Then, from Tramping Lake, Anna Maria Gutenberg daughter of Antonius Gutenberg and Teresia Zahu was born July 23, 1906 and baptised July 24. It is noted that the records show that the missionary served St. Carols of Revenue and St. Michael's of Tramping Lake. St. Michael's Cemetery is online by Adeline Sanoy and Kelly Mitchell. Also recorded are baptisms from Groswerder, rites performed by Th. Schweers, O.M.I. (Father Theodore Schweers), such as Joseph Schaechtel, son of Joseph Schaechtel and Maria Kohlman on December 7, 1907. The missionaries also served Muddy Lake baptising Joseph Vieus, son of E. Vieus and Maria Desjardins in 1908.

The town of Scott had only 75 residents in 2011.

Cities

Saskatoon

Section 28, Township 36, Range 5, West of the 3rd Meridian

In vino veritas.

The Temperance Colonization Society settled down north of the Moose Woods in 1882. Pioneers traveled the Moose Woods to Batoche trail, Goose Lake Trail, Battleford Trail, and Moose Jaw Trail into the region taking up homes on either side of the South Saskatchewan River. With the arrival of the railway in 1890, soon Saskatoon grew to a city of 4,500 residents in 1906 from all walks of life.

In the early years of settlement, pioneers of all denominations would come together to worship. St. Paul's Church adorned with its lofty spire is one of the three churches which are "landmarks in the city and symbols of that earlier period of great prosperity, the 1910-1912 boom, and symbols of the importance religion held for Saskatoon in its formative years." ~ Kerr p. 308

St. Paul's Roman Catholic Cathedral Saskatoon Saskatchewan
The Saskatoon Diocese originally belonged to the Diocese of Prince Albert. St. Paul's Co-Cathedral in Saskatoon is located at 720-Spadina Crescent East overlooking the South Saskatchewan River. In 1910, the cornerstone was laid by Sir Henri-Charles-Wilfred Laurier (1841-1919), the seventh Prime Minister of Canada (1896-1911). In the summer of 1911 Archbishop Louis-Philippe-Adélard Langevin consecrated the new cathedral. By 1911 the population of the burgeoning city of Saskatoon had reached 12,004 residents.

Most Reverend Bishop Pascal, O.M.I. D.D. confirmed 487 parishioners between 1911 and 1917. Before St. Mary's and St. Paul's Separate Schools opened in 1913, classes commenced in the basement of St. Paul's Church. Most Reverend Abbott Bruno confirmed another 28 souls in 1919. Most Reverend J.H. Prud'homme arrived and confirmed 727 between 1922 and 1933. The Saskatoon Diocese became the fourth suffragan see of Regina in this summer, 1933, by Archbishop McGuigan. Most Reverend G. Murray confirmed 471 Catholics between 1934 and 1943. 521 were confirmed between 1945 and 1950 by Most Reverend P.P. Pocock, and 181 by Most Reverend F.J. Klein between the summers of 1953 and 1954.St Paul's Rectory location was recorded at 105-5th Avenue North.
Saskatoon is currently the largest city in the province of Saskatchewan, and the Cathedral of St. Paul's, being to small to serve the city has been deemed a "co-cathedral", and the new Holy Family Cathedral and Catholic Pastoral Centre has become the new cathedral for the city. In 2011, the city of Saskatoon had a population of 202,189, and the city census metropolitan area showed a population of 260,600.

Regina.

Section 19, Township 17, Range 19 West of the 2nd Meridian



Nosce te ipsum.

Reverend L.N. L'Arche arrived in 1883. Before this, pioneering settlers arrived to Wascana Creek in 1882, and soon the town named Pile-O-Bones was formed. Lieutenant-Governor Dewdney chose settlement where the railway crosses the Pile of Bones Creek as the new capital. The Governor General, Sir John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, 9th Duke of Argyll was consulted. His wife, Princess Louise Caroline Alberta daughter of Queen Victoria gave this settlement an imperial moniker, choosing "Regina" (Latin for Queen). On March 27 1883, the "Queen City" officially became the capital of the North West Territories, taking over from Battleford.

That year, the burgeoning railway town blossomed reaching a population of 500. Pascal Bonneau and Charles Joseph McCusker set about raising money to build the first Roman Catholic church, St. Mary's in Regina. The trustees of Regina gifted a lot, and soon enough money was made available for construction materials. Volunteers provided the construction labour. For these first two years, 1883 to 1885, Rev. L.N. L'Arche was the pastor, succeeded by Father McCarthy O.M.I., Father Andre O.M.I., and Father Gratton serving in 1885, 1885 and 1886 respectively.

On November 1, 1899, Peter Ehman, son of Peter Ehman and Barbara Zar were baptised by Father St. Germain, O.M.I. By 1901 the population of Regina had grown to 2,249 residents multiplying to 30,213 by the year 1911. The church records also show that in 1903 a marriage between Charles Hall, son of John Hall and Mariae MacMann married to Viola Victoria Devine daughter of Michael Devine and Mary Anne Smith was solemnized by Reverend Father Van Heertum, a priest from the Order of Canons Regular of Prémontré.
Catholic Cathedral Regina 1924

193,100 residents called the city of Regina home, and the Regina census metropolitan area saw a population count of 210,556.

Prince Albert.

Section 15 Township 48 Range 26 West of the 2nd Meridian

Veritas vos liberabit.

The Nisbet Presbyterian Mission was founded in 1866 by Reverend James Nisbet. Soon this little settlement, the "Gateway to the North" was served by several Red River cart trails, including the Prince Albert-Carlton Trail, and the Troy (Qu'Appelle)-Prince Albert Trail. It was in 1890, that the Qu'Appelle, Long Lake and Saskatchewan Railroad and Steamboat Company connected Prince Albert to Saskatoon and Regina.

By 1890, Prince Albert was home to the vicariate apostolic under Bishop Albert Pascal, O.M.I. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Prince Albert was created in 1907. The diocese register has for one of its earliest entries at Sainte Flavii (French) the baptism on April 19 of Nagaire, child of Olivier Caron, farmer, and Pauline Godbont by Father Fournier. Another early record shows that on August 13,1882, Elise, daughter of John (no surname given) and Mary Dejarlais was baptised by Father Vegreville, O.M.I. For the "Évêché de Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Northwest Territories" (Diocese of Prince Albert), the file begins with a document from Alexander Gouldhawke, who, though not a member of the Catholic church, is married to Angelina Laieste who does happen to be a member of the Roman Catholic Church. Alexander writes a promise that his wife shall be permitted the free exercise of religion according to the Roman Catholic faith and that all children born of this marriage shall be baptized and educated in the faith and according to the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, even if Angelina should happen to be taken away. This is signed in the presence of the Reverend priest A. Maisonueuve O.M.I. and Albert Pascal O.M.I. at Prince Albert on January 22, 1900.

In the spring of 1910, the Holy See appointed Most Reverend O. E. Mathieu, D.D. as the first bishop of the Diocese of Regina. In 1915, Prince Albert became one of the suffragan dioceses under the Metropolitan Province of Regina. The Diocese of Regina became now, an archdiocese. "By 1914, Prince Albert had become the terminus of four railway branch lines." Sacred Heart Cathedral was completed 1914 and was adorned with exquisite paintings by Count Berthold Imhoff (1868-1939) and Peter Haip. An elaborate and magnificent structure, it took $103,000 to construct.

The city of Prince Albert saw a rise in population reaching 35,129 persons, and the Prince Albert Census Agglomeration count was 42,673 according to the 2011 census of population. In the summer of 2012, renovations commenced to get the cathedral in top condition for the centennial in the summer of 2014.

.

Moose Jaw.

Section 32 Township 16 Range 26 West of the 2nd Meridian

Amor vincit omnia.

Moose Jaw Deanery, (a diaconal of the Archdiocese of Regina created in 1910) included the parishes of Bayard, Bridgeford, C.F.B. Chapel ~ Moose Jaw, Central Butte, Claybank, Ernfold, Grainland, Marquis, Mayberry , Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament ~ Moose Jaw, Parkbeg, Pense, Riverhurst, Robin Hood, Rouleau, Secretan, Spring Valley, St. Joseph's ~ Moose Jaw, Thunder Creek, and Truax. Father Joseph Lestanc (1830-1912), known for his work along the Winnipeg River, had arrived at St. Boniface in 1854.

The first role of missionaries was to learn the languages of the parish. Lestanc arriving from France mastered Cree and Saulteaux. In 1874, Father Marie-Jules-Louis DeCorby (1841-1916) took over the parish for six years. The parish Mission de St. Joseph was also visited by other traveling missionaries, Reverend Pierre St. Germain, O.M.I. and Father A. Germaine. By 1883, a church built in Regina provided a permanent base for traveling missionaries to Moose Jaw area.

That same year, the Canadian Pacific Railway arrived, the population of this railway town fluctuated between two to three thousand in that first year, transforming a First Nations fur traders camping ground into a railway divisional point. It was in 1886 that a building was purchased for a church in Moose Jaw. In the early fall of 1893, the Soo Line arrived connecting Moose Jaw and western Canada to Chicago and Minneapolis.

In 1901, a large brick church was erected. In 1907, a new larger building was purchased and blessed by Archbishop Louis-Philippe-Adélard Langevin (1855-1915) of St. Boniface. This third church operated for four years. By the fall of 1911, a new St. Joseph's church was opened under Bishop Mathieu.

33,274 was the 2011 population in the city of Moose Jaw, and if you consider the census agglomeration it was 34,421.

Yorkton.

Section 35 Township 25 Range 4 West of the 2nd Meridian

Do ut des.

The York Farmer's Colonization Company brought farmers to Yorkton from Ontario in 1882 initiating settlement in this area. In 1890, the Manitoba, and North Western Railway expanded westerly, the settlement moved buildings from the original town site, and constructed new ones along the rail line.

The "Registre contenant Baptêmes, mariages, and Sépultures des differentes missions galicumes du district de Yorkton Assa. (Register containing baptisms, marriages, and burials of different missions in the district of Yorkton Assiniboia, North West Territories)". The first baptism was "on the sixth of April, one thousand eight hundred and ninety nine. I priest undersigned, here solemnly baptised Anna Maria born on the eighth of January of the same year of the lawful marriage of John Soroski and Tekla Klies, the godfather has been Antony Griffith and the god mother Sara Griffith. Father A. Page O.M.I." The next baptism was for Iwan Joseph, son of Kevonki Cremanki and Maria Kyreluk on September 9, 1900 following the birth the day before. On May 25, 1905, Fr A. Page, O.M.I. married Vendal Gulas son of George Gulas and Agnes Turi to Elizabet Kosmos daughter of Stephen Kosmos and Carbala Boda in the church of the Holy Trinity serving the parish of Otthon

In Marriages with index 1903-1910, the "Registrum Matrimoniorum in Ecclesia Sancti Gerardi of Yorkton, Dioecesis Ste. Bonifatee" begins showing the conjugation of Petrum Stefanowski of Czelatoera, father Anonii Stefanowski to Valeriam Zotnierz of Rokitnica, Father Jacobi Zotnierz on July 19, 1903 by Pastor Flor. Borgonie C.Ss.R. (Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris ~ Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris). The Oblate missionaries requested help from the Belgian Redemptorists at Brandon, Manitoba. Soon Fathers Achille Delaere, Godt, Gerard, Burquoie and Brothers Cyril and Idesbald arrived to serve Yorkton and the neighbouring missions.

The parish of St. Gerard was blessed by Archbishop Langevin in December of 1904. The redemptorist fathers moved to St. Mary's Parish in 1913, and in 1910 St. Gerard's Parish Church was erected. After Regina was made into an archdiocese in 1910 separate from St. Boniface, the Yorkton Deanery was created within the Regina archdiocese. The Yorkton Deanery included Bredenbury, Brewer, Buchanan, Cana, Canora, East Brewer (Melville), Goodeve, Ituna, Jasmin, Jedburgh, Kamsack, Kelliher, MacNutt, McKim, Melville, Mikado, Oak Hill District (Otthon), Otthon, Parkerview, Saltcoats, Saxon Hill, St. Philips (Fort Pelly), Theodore, Tiny, Willowbrook, and Yorkton.

One of the records on the first entry page of the Register of Baptisms, Marriages and Funeral services 1905 (Continued from Vol. I) states that Olga Bogdasierrich daughter of Basyl Bogdasierrich and Rosalia Yarczynska from the Beaver Hills of Yorkton was baptised on September 17, 1905 by P. Girard C.Ss.R., E. Vrydaegs C.Ss.R., and A. Delaere C.Ss.R. are also listed as performing rites. On October 14, 1905, E. Vrydaegs C.Ss.R. "interred in the cemetery of the Hungarian church at Otthon the body of John Gulas, farmer, husband of Barbara Gulas, deceased of Otthon, the twelfth of October aged forty five."

15,669 citizens resided in the city of Yorkton on the 2011 census enumeration, and this number swells to 18,238 if considering the census agglomeration. The hamlet of Otthon had a 2011 population of 67 people.

Written by Julia Adamson

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints online Church Parish Registers Table.

Roman Catholic Churches Preserved Heritage Sites Table.

Name Municipal Location Dates of Construction Originating Ethnic Community
Bonne Madonne Church Hoodoo RM 401 1910 first chapel, current building 1919 French Canadian, Métis 
Convent of Jesus and Mary.  Gravelbourg Elementary School.  Thevenet College. Gravelbourg, SK 1917-1927 French Canadian residents
Convent of Sisters of the Cross Willow Bunch 1914-1921 Francophone community
Diocese of Qu'Appelle.   St. Chad's College.  Regina, SK 1912-1926  
Holy Family Convent Vibank, SK 1923  
Kermaria Church Kermaria, SK.  near Lac Vert, SK.  Lake Lenore RM 399 1914 French and Belgian settlers
McKague Roman Catholic Church Barrier Valley RM 397 1928  
Notre Dame d'Auvergne Parish Church Ponteix, SK 1928-1930 French and Belgian Settlers
Notre Dame d'Auvergne Parish Hall Ponteix, SK 1923  
Our Lady of Assumption Kaposvar Roman Catholic Church.  Our Lady of Lourdes Shrine.  Kaposvar, SK.  near Esterhazy.  Fertile Belt RM 183 1906-1907 Hungarian immigrants
Our Lady of the Assumption Roman Catholic Cathedral.  Church of Saint Philomena.  Gravelbourg Ecclesiastical Buildings  Gravelbourg, SK 1917-1918 French Canadian residents
Our Lady of the Missions Roman Catholic Rectory.  Rectory of the Sacred Heart. of Mary Parish.  Immaculate Heart of Mary Rectory.  Cowessess Residential School.  near Marieval, SK.  Elcapo RM 154 1897 First Nation
Paroisse Notre Dame de la Nativitie Zenon Park, SK 1930-1931 Francophone community
Paroisse St. Jacques D'Albertville. St. James Roman Catholic Church Albertville, SK 1922  
Roman Catholic Church in the Village of Plenty. Plenty, SK 1925  
Roman Catholic Parish of St. Bernard Near Pilger, SK. Three Lakes RM 400 1918 German Catholic Immigrants
Sacred Heart Parish, Rectory, and the Stations of the Cross Lebret, SK 1925-1929 Metis community
Saint Aloysius Roman Catholic Church Milestone, SK 1920  
Saint-Antoine de Padoue Church.  Église Saint-Antoine-de-Padoue Batoche, SK 1883-1885 Métis population
Saints Peter and Paul Roman Catholic Blumenfeld Church.  Our Lady of the Sorrows Shrine. Happyland RM 231 1915 German-Russian pioneers
St. Andrews Roman Catholic Church Blaine Lake, SK 1914  
St. Andrew's Roman Catholic Church, Hall and Cemetery Martin RM 122 1899-1901  
St. Andrew's Roman Catholic Church, Hall and Cemetery Near Wapella, SK.  Martin RM 122 1899-1939 Scottish Congregation
St. Anthony Roman Catholic Illerbrun District Church Illerbrun, SK.  Near Gull Lake, SK.  Bone Creek RM 108 1915 German settlers
St. Anthony's Church (Grosswerder) Eye Hill RM 382 1912 German Catholic settlers
St. Anthony's Roman Catholic Church Veillardville, SK.  Hudson Bay RM 394 1939  
St. Antoine de Padoue Rectory Batoche, SK 1883 Métis population
St. Bernard's Roman Catholic Chapel.  The A.A. Hall Moosomin, SK 1890  
St. Brigitte Roman Catholic Church Harris, SK 1909  
St. Cunegunda Horizon Community Church Centre Bengough, SK Bengough RM 40 1928  
St. Elizabeth Roman Catholic Mission Church near Gravelbourg, SK.  Gravelbourg RM 104 1927 German Catholic pioneers from Hungary
St. Germaine Roman Catholic Souris Valley Church Laurier RM 38 1907 French Catholic homesteaders
St. Gerrard Roman Catholic Church.  Eglise de St. Gerard.  Cabana Community Hall Cabana, SK. Near Meadow Lake, SK.   1935  
St. Hubert's Church and Cemetery Silverwood RM 123 1935 French and Belgian Counts
St. Ignatius Church near Leroy, SK.  Leroy RM 339 1928  
St. Joseph's Roman Caholic Church.  St. Marks' Presbyterian Church.   Moose Jaw, SK 1900  
St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church Claybank, SK Elmsthorpe RM 100 wooden 1913 fire, rebuilt as brick 1928  
St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church Marcelin, SK 1922-1923 French Canadian community
St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, Rectory and School South Qu'Appelle RM 157 1897 German Catholic St. Joseph's Colony
St. Martin's Roman Catholic Billimun  Church Billimun, SK.  Near Mankota, SK. Glen McPherson RM 46 1927 German Settlers from Russia
St. Mary's Church and Site Buchanan RM 304 originally 1927, re-built 1944 Polish pioneers
St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church Herbert, SK 1912 Irish Settlers
St. Peter's Roman Catholic Cathedral Muenster, SK.  St. Peter RM 369 1909-1910 German Catholic St. Peter's Colony
St. Philip's Roman Catholic Little Moose Church Little Moose, SK.  near St. Brieux, SK.  Three Lakes RM 400 1930 Hungarian immigrants
St. Philomena Roman Catholic Cathedral.  Our Lady of Assumption Roman Catholic Church.La Cathédrale Gravelbourg, SK 1918-1919 French speaking community
St. Radagonde Roman Catholic Church Lafleche, SK 1922 French Canadian
St. Rapheal's Roman Catholic Church Richard, SK 1915 French and English settlers
St. Vital Church Battleford, SK originally 1877, new building 1883  
St. Vital Public Catholic School.  Fred Light Museum Battleford, SK originally 1887, rebuilt 1911  
Sts. Donatien and Rogatien Roman Catholic Church Prud'homme, SK 1907 French Settlement

Resources:



Bona fide.

Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records | Marquette Archives | Raynor Memorial Libraries | Marquette University Series 14-1 Box 109 Folder 2 Thoughts of a Missionary, Holy Rosary Church, Onion Lake, Saskatchewan, no. 1 to 4 (undated); 5 (January, 2004) to 20 (September, 2008) Saskatchewan Genealogy Society holdings: Baptisms and Marriages of St. Jude's Roman Catholic Parish 1876-1911: Green Lake, Saskatchewan Tammy Vallee (transcriber)

Saskatchewan Genealogy Society holdings: Burial Records for Maria Hilf Roman Catholic Cemetery - Killaly, Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan Genealogy Society holdings: Die romisch-katholische Pfarrei St. Joseph bei Balgonie, Saskatchewan: Zum funfzigjahrigen Jubilaum, 1 June 1936(The Roman Catholic Parish of St. Joseph's Near Balgonie, Saskatchewan on the Occasion of the Fiftieth Anniversary) Klaus H. Burmeister 1936

Saskatchewan Genealogy Society holdings: History, St. Martin's Roman Catholic Parish, Billimun, Saskatchewan Tony Stengler 1994.

Images:



Ars gratia artis.


The above three images bibliography Hawkes, John, (born 1851- died 1931). Saskatchewan And Its People. Volume II Illustrated. The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. Chicago - Regina. 1924, republished online Adamson, Julia Sask Gen Web project 2002. Permission to re-use is granted.

Public Domain image from Wikimedia Commons
Holy Rosary Church, Regina, Saskatchewan

Public Domain image from SAIN Saskatchewan Archival Information Network St. Paul's Roman Catholic Cathedral Saskatoon, SK

Public Domain image from SAIN Catholic Church and Convent Battleford

Easter Crocus, or The Prairie Crocus (Anemone patens) courtesy from the collection of Julia Adamson on Flickr.

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Virtual Museum of Métis History and Culture Catholic Church, Ile a la Crosse, SK Gabriel Dumont Institute of Native Studies and Applied Research.

Virtual Museum of Métis History and Culture Hudson's Bay Company Post at Gree Lake, SK. Gabriel Dumont Institute of Native Studies and Applied Research.

WDM Prairie Gamble ~ Family History Album ~ Story ~ Shrine Lestock: Mary, Queen of All Hearts Shrine 1942 2001-2013 Western Development Museum

Welcome to the Town of Lumsden. Churches. Town of Lumsden.

Welcome to Rouleau, Saskatchewan, AKA Dog River, Host to Corner Gas! 2005-20007. Rouleau and area residents.

WDM Prairie Gamble ~ Family History Album ~ Story ~ Shrine : Forget: Our Lady of La Salette Shrine 1922 2001-2012 Western Development Museum.

Willow Bunch, Saskatchewan ~ Rev. Alphonse Lemieux 2005-2012. Town of Willow Bunch.

Willowbunch, Saskatchewan Cemeteries Hugonard, Joseph Rev.

Yaworski, Kiply Lukan Leipzig Celebrates 100th anniversary 06.15.05.

Yaworski, Kiply Lukan. Neri_11_16_11 St. Philippe Neri expansion rededicated 2009. Prairie Messenger Catholic Journal.

Index

  • Brochet (Manitoba).
  • Cantal - Alida.
  • Chamberlain, Indian Head, Liberty, Lumsden, Rouleau.
  • Cumberland House.
  • Esterhazy.
  • Forget - Alma.
  • Arat - Zehner - Frankslake.
  • Grayson / Nieven - Killaly.
  • Green Lake.
  • Île-à-la-Crosse.
  • Indian Head, Chamberlain, Liberty, Lumsden, Rouleau.
  • Introduction.
  • Ituna - Jasmin - Lestock.
  • Kamsack - Fort Pelly.
  • La Loche.
  • Langenburg.
  • Lebret / Denomie Point.
  • Lestock / Mostyn.
  • Liberty, Lumsden, Rouleau, Indian Head, Chamberlain,.
  • Marieval.
  • Moose Jaw.
  • Moosomin.
  • Moosomin - Wapella.
  • Onion Lake.
  • Pelican Narrows.
  • Prince Albert.
  • Prud'homme / Howell.
  • Regina.
  • Resources.
  • Rouleau, Indian Head, Chamberlain, Liberty, Lumsden.
  • Saskatoon.
  • Scott.
  • Table: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints online Church Parish Registers.
  • Table: Roman Catholic Churches Preserved Heritage Sites.
  • Vonda.
  • Willow Bunch.
  • Wolseley.
  • Yorkton.


  • Notice and Disclaimer:

    The purpose of the information on this site is to assist genealogists, historians and other interested parties in locating information from the parish registers. However, the information included provided about family names, burials, marriages, baptisms or confirmations was read and translated from Latin, or French by volunteers who assembled the information by physical inspection of the online records. Accordingly, neither saskgenweb, the or any of the volunteers warrant or certify the accuracy of the names or locations. It is strongly recommended that anyone who finds information that may be of interest personally visit the online parish registers before reaching any final conclusions. Please e-mail saskgenweb@yahoo.com if you have any further updates or additions. Thank you.

    To cite this article:
    Adamson, Julia. Saskatchewan Roman Catholic Church Online Parish Register History. www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cansk/Saskatchewan/ChurchHistory.html. Saskatchewan Gen Web. Rootsweb. Ancestry.com Saturday, 16-Feb-2013 18:10:22 MST. Retrieved Friday, 18-Apr-2014 20:22:17 MDT.

    E-mail saskgenweb@yahoo.com


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