9500 BC 9500 BC- 5500 BC or 11,500 - 7,500 Years before present.  The Paleo Indian period identifying the Clovis culture of Mammoth hunters. Bison Antiquus and Bison Occidentalis were hunted by a spear thrower launching a light stone tipped spear coinciding with drives and jumps.
 
5000 BC 5000BC - 2500BC Antithermal period high temperatures producing arid conditions which killed off the Mammoth herds of Bison Antiquus and Bison Occidentalis. The Bison of present day were the ones which survived after this date
 
1000 BC 1000 BC - 1600 AD Ancient Burial ground: Moose Bay Mound at Crooked Lake Provincial Park 
 
1524 1524 Giovanni da Verrazzanoan  Italian navigator names all the lands to the west "Nova Franca" 
 
1529 Girolamo da Verrazzanoan  draws a map and identifies the west as "Nova Gallia" or New Gaul
 
1598 Mesgouez de La Roche named Lieutenant Général of the countries of Canada, Terre-Neuve, Labrador and Norembègue and with this title he has control of the fur trade.
 
1600 Before 1600's the Gros Ventre reside south of Lake Winnipeg.  From 1600-1804 they have migrated westward and are now east of the Missouri Coteau, living in the Touchwood Hills, Allan Hills, Parkland area.
 
1600 c 1600 Assiniboine (Stoneys) leave Yanktonai Dakota and settle down in the Saskatchewan River foothills
 
1602 Aymer de Chaste is  Lieutenant General of New France
 
1603 1603-1635  Samuel de Champlain explores the country called New France making 12 visits in his quest to find an overland passage.
 
1620 The invention of the Flintlock gun was the precursor of the Indian Trade Gun.  
 
1627 Compagnie de la Nouvelle-France  is formed for fur-trading.
 
1627 Company of One Hundred Associates (Compagnie des Cent Associés) is formed with rights to the western sources of the St. Lawrence River.  They were to bring back imports to France and settle the whole of New France.
 
1632 The Parklands are designated as " Nation ou il y a quantite de beuffles."  "Carte de la nouvell france, augmentee depuis la derniere, Seruant a la navigation ficte en fon vray Meridien, par le S'de Champlain Capitaine pour le roy en la Marine, Tequel depuis l'en 1603 jufques en-L'annee 1629.  a deScoivert pluSieurs coStes, terres, lacs, rivieres, et Nations de Sauvages, par cy deuant incognues,  comme il Se voit en Ses relations quil a fauit Imprime en 1632 ou il Se uoit cette marque ce Sont habitations qu'ont Saict les Francors. " The Map of North America is named Nouvell France.
 
1635 1635-1648 Charles de Montmagny - Governor General of New France
 
1645 The Company of One Hundred Associates transfers its western fur trading rights to the Communauté des Habitants or  Compagnie des Habitants (the deputies of the habitants of New France)
 
1648 1648-1651 Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge - Governor General of New France
 
1650 Pre 1650 The Chipewyan are home north of the Tree Line in the pre-Cambrian shield area hunters of Caribou.  From 1650-1700 they tend to migrate further north towards the Inuit.  They are at home on the Cambrian shields area  between Cree and Inuit. 
 
1651 1651-1657 Jean de Lauzon - Governor General of New France
 
1658 1658-1661 Le Vicomte d'Argenson - Governor General of New France
 
1659 Médard Chouart Des Groseillers and Pierre-Esprit Radisson go west of Trois-Rivières trade furs.  They meet with British merchants to lay the beginnings the Hudson's Bay Company
 
1660 No alcohol could be traded for furs decreed by Monseigneur de Laval, New France's Bishop.
 
1661 1661-1663 Le Baron d'Avaugour - Governor General of New France
 
1663 1663-1665 Augustin de Mésy - Governor General of New France
 
1664 America Septentriona Lis.  Nova Granada in the west and Nov Fran out west.  Nova et accuratissima totius terrarum orbis tabula. Amsterdam : J. Blaeu, c.1664
 
1664 Charter: Etablissement de la Compagnie des Indes Occidentales, Mai, 1664.  The West Indies Company is control over territories in the Americas (South America and Africa) that were maintained by France. However, no civil administration of New France. (France administered to New France, Louisiana, Acadia, Québec, Trois-Rivières and Montreal)
 
1664 Dissolution of the Communauté des Habitants Community of the Inhabitants. Any concessions regarding the fur trade are done  by the King of France.
 
1665 1665 1665 Tracy - Governor General of New France
 
1665 1665-1668  Jean Talon accepted the position of "Intendant of justice, policing and finance in Canada, Acadia, Newfoundland and France's other northern territories" 
 
1665 1665-1672 Daniel de Courcelle - Governor General of New France
 
1668 1668- 1669 expedition by Medard Chouar and Sieur des Groseillers and Pierre Radisson reported to the Gov. of New France.
 
1668 Rupert's Land Act
 
1668 Supreme Council of New France now allows the sale of beverages to First Nations, however they are forbidden to become drunk. 
 
1670 1670-1672 Jean Talon's second term as Intendant in , Acadia, Newfoundland and France's other northern territories
 
1670 1670-1682 His Highness Prince Rupert of Rhine: Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1670 A Royal Charter from King Charles II on May 2, 1670 granted lands of the Hudson Bay  watershed namely Rupert's Land.  Hudson's Bay Trading Company (Governor and Company of Adventurers of England trading into Hudson’s Bay) formed, using the Hudson Bay, Churchill River, North Saskatchewan River as an entry port.  Travel would be by York boat many of the traders were of Scotish descent.
 
1672 1672-1682 Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau - Governor General of New France
 
1674 Charter of 1664 for the West Indies Company is revoked.
 
1682 1682-1685 Joseph-Antoine de LaBarre - Governor General of New France
 
1683 1683-1685 HRH Prince James, Duke of York (King James II) : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1685 1685-1689 Le Marquis de Denonville - Governor General of New France
 
1685 1685-1692 John, Lord Churchill (Duke of Marlborough) : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1685 Le Canada et Nouvelle France are recorded on this 1685-1686 map. "Il est certain qu il y a de tres-grands Lacs dans ce continent icy, car il y a tant de Sauvages de deifferentes douter: Ceux des Sioux, des Assinibouells, et des Christinaux sont deja un peu connus par quelques Francois qui y ont ele: Ils sont scitues a peu pres comme vous les voyez; mais la Figuren en est pas certaine; et lesr communications de l'va a l'autre avec lc lac Superieur; sont tres difficilles, est ans pleines de Saus et de rapides.  "Amérique septentrion.lle [i.e. septentrionale] : composée, corigée, et augmētée, sur les iournaux, mémoires, et observations les plus justes qui en ón'ìetes.tes en l'année 1685 & 1686, par plusieurs particuliés / par I Baptiste Louis Franquelin, g[éographe] du Roy.
 
1685 New North Wales and New South Wales listed west of Hudsons Bay.  The prairies are designated as "Tract of Land full of Wild Bulls".  North America divided into its III principall [sic] parts. Lea, Philip, fl. S.l., 1685. 
 
1689 1689-1697 King William's War fought at Hudson Bay and Acadia for gateways to North America.
 
1689 1689-1998 Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau - Governor General of New France
 
1690 Henry Kelsey's mission in Rupert's Land was  to encourage  First Nations tribes to trade furs out east with the HBC trading post at York Factor.  Henry Kelsey, the 'discoverer of the Canadian Prairies' had traveled as far as the Touchwood Hills.
 
1692 1692-1696 Sir Stephen Evans : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1696 1696-1700 Rt Hon Sir William Trumbull : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1697 Peace of Ryswick ends King William's War.
 
1698 1698-1703 Hector de Callière - Governor General of New France
 
1700 1700-1712 Sir Stephen Evans : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1700 1700-1760 The Blackfoot are residing in the The Bear Hills area, south of Thickwood Hills,  and west of the Missouri Coteau.  
 
1700 1700-1810 After 1700, Cree have arrived west in Rupert's Land, being pulled by the results of trading in furs which are still plentiful out west..  The Woodlands Cree are north of the Tree Line, the Plains Cree are defined as living in the parklands south of the Tree line and north of the  Cypress Hills, Badlands area.  The Cree Kristinaux have entered 'Saskatchewan' area by way of Saskatchewan river in the north and by way of the Assiniboine River to the South
 
1702 1702-1713 Queen Anne's War war or War of Spanish Succession between France and England in the new colonies, this war fought in the east.
 
1703 1703-1725 Philippe de Vaudreuil - Governor General of New France
 
1704 Canada and Nouveau France are depicted as the area of the eastern coast extending north and west past Hudson Bay and westward to the central American mountain range where the land becomes Nouveau Mexique. 704, L'Amerique septentrionale, ou la Partie Septentrionale des Indes Occidentales ou se trouve le Canada ou Noulle France... Paris, 1704. Jean Baptiste Nolin. 
 
1710 Canada: New Francia, and Les Plains are recorded.  Tabula Mexicae et Floridae : terrarum Anglicarum, et anteriorum Americae insularum, item cursuum et circuituum fluminis Mississipi dicti. Amstel. [Amsterdam] : P. Schenck, c. 1710
 
1712 1712-1743 Sir Bibye Lake, Bart: Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1713 The Treaty of Utrecht signed to end Queen Anne's War 1702-1713  granted Hudson Bay to the British and new boundary lines on North America.
 
1720 1720-1780 The Blackfoot are expanding their territory pushing westward encompassing Cypress Hills, The Great Sand Hills, Wood Mountain areas.
 
1720 In the present day area of Saskatchewan this map records the area as "Morasses and Brooken Land".  A new map of the north parts of America claimed by France under ye names of Louisiana, Mississipi [i.e. Mississippi], Canada, and New France with ye adjoining territories of England and Spain : to Thomas Bromsall, esq., this map of Louisiana, Mississipi [i.e. Mississippi] & c. is most humbly dedicated, H. Moll, geographer / laid down according to the newest and most exact observations by H. Moll, geographer, 1720.
 
1725 1725-1726 Longueuil - Governor General of New France
 
1726 1726-1747 Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois - Governor General of New France
 
1740 1740-1748 War of Austrian Succession or King George's War between France and Britain.
 
1740 About 1740 the Blackfoot of the Cypress Hills area are starting to use horses.
 
1741 1741-1743 François La Vérendrye traveled the North Saskatchewan River erecting a small fort at the Pas (Fort Pasquia).  He may even have reached the Forks where North and South Saskatchewan River branch.
 
1743 1743-1746 Benjamin Pitt: Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1743 Jacques Nicolas Bellin has noted that "L'Existance du ces deux grands Lacs est tres incertains.  Assiboels are west of Cris ou Cristnaux.  The area now known as Canada is designated as Nouvelle France.  'Montagne de Pierros Brillantes' is the designation given to Cypress Hills west of 'Fleuve de L'Ouest' and  'Lac Ouinipigon'.  It is the area described as "Ici Suivant le raport des sauvages Commence le Flux et reflux.  Carte de l'Amerique septentrionale pour servir à l'histoire de la Nouvelle France / dressée par N.B., ing. du roy, et hydrog. de la marine.
 
1744 Afsinibouels of the Woods N. and Afsinibouels of the Meadows N are shown to the west of Little lake Ouinipique.  Cris or Cristinaux N are East of L. Ouinipique.  Vieux Hommes Nation (Old Men Nation) and Nation de Beaux Hommes (Nation of Beautiful Men) are west of the Afsinibouels.  A new Map of Part of North America From the Latitude of 40 to 68 degrees including the late discoveries made on board the Furnace Bomb Ketch in 1742 and the Western Rivers and Lakes falling  into Nelson River in Hudson's Bay as described by Joseph La France a French Canadese Indian who Travailed thro those countries and Lakes for 3 years from 1739 to 1742.
 
1746 1746-1750 Thomas Knapp: Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1747 1747-1749 Le Comte de la Galissonnière - Governor General of New France
 
1748 Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle.  France recovers area of America.
 
1749 1749-1752 Le Marquis de la Jonquière - Governor General of New France
 
1750 1750-1760 Sir Atwell lake, Bart.: Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1750 By the mid 1750's the Mackinaw gun, Hudson's Bay fuke,  or the North West gun was of a design made specifically for the fur trade.
 
1750 Plains and Woodlands Cree are now introduced to the use of horses.
 
1751 Fort la Jonquiere; French post at the forks of the North and South Saskatchewan Rivers.
 
1752 1752-1755 Le Marquis de Duquesne - Governor General of New France
 
1753 French based trading post Fort à la Corne by Captain Louis Luc de la Corne who experimented growing crops. (near present day Melfort)
 
1754  Anthony Henday Hudson Bay Company trader arrived at Fort Saint-Louis, ( Fort à la Corne), just to the east of present day Prince Albert.  He noted that the First Nations were already trading with the French traders, and were stocked with European goods already.  "Journal of a Journey performed by Anthony Henday to explore the country and to endeavour to increase the Hudson Bay Company's trade AD 1754-1755"
 
1755 1755-1763 Pierre de Vaudreuil - Governor General of New France
 
1755 Grandes Prairies and Cristinaux des Lacs are west of Cypress Hills are Montagne de bierre brilliante suivant le rapport des sauvages . Pais des Assiniboiles are north of the Riv. des Assiniboiles qu'on peut ce sire aller a la Mer de l'Oest. The Saskatchewan River is identified as: Petite riviere de l'eau trouble (small river of turbid water) and Riviere de l'eau trouble To the north west "on ignore si dans cette partie ce sont des terres ou la mer" (one is unaware of if in this part they are grounds or the sea) Further west "On n'a aucune connoissance de cos partios  "Carte de L'Amerique Septentrionale Depuis le 28 Degre de Latitude jusqu'au 72.  Par M. Bellin Ingenieur de la Marine et du Dpost des Plans, Censeur Royal, de l'Academie de Marine et de la Societe Royale de Londres.  Avec une Description Geographique de cette Partie de l'Amerique.
 
1756 1756-1763 Seven Years War fought on 3 continents - a battle for New France or  Nouveau France.
 
1760 1760-1770 Sir William Baker: Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1760 Battle of the Plains of Abraham.
 
1760 Three main traders: Michilimackinac traders; Montreal merchants; and the Hudson's Bay Company.. 
 
1760 This map shows Assiniboels of the North and South spanning the Meadows.  Kris named also Christinaux and Killinstin's.  Louisiana is to the south.  1760, A map of Canada and the North Part of Louisiana with the Adjacent Countrys. London, 1760. Thomas Jefferys.
 
1763 1763-1766 James Murray - Governor General of British North America
 
1763 Proclamation of 1763 restores civil government from military government and establishes Quebec boundaries which extend to include the Northwest and lands held by H.B.C.
 
1763 Treaty of Paris signed ending Seven Years War, New France falls to the British.
 
1766 1766-1778 Sir Guy Carleton - Governor General of British North America
 
1767 LeBlanc's House on the Paskoyac (Saskatchewan river)
 
1770 1770-1782 Bibye Lake: Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1770 The Assiniboine of the eastern plains starting to use horses.
 
1772 Matthew Cocking spent a year living with the Blackfoot (Archithimie Indian) on the western plains and also reported that independent Traders from Montreal were out west.
 
1774 Cumberland House built by Samuel Hearne of the Hudson Bay company, first trading post to the prairies.
 
1774 Quebec Act.  Quebec is bascially all of Canada at this time.
 
1775 American Revolution
 
1775 Ile-a-la-Crosse trading post established by Frobisher brothers of the Hudson Bay Company.   Cumberland House managed by Matthew Cocking.  Beaver Lake House is an independent trading post built north of Cumberland House.
 
1775 Primeau's house north of Isle a la Crosse.
 
1776 1776-1777 Smallpox epidemic
 
1778 1778-1778 Frederick Haldimand - Governor General of British North America
 
1778 1778-1786 Sir Guy Carleton, Lord Dorchester - Governor General of British North America
 
1778 Peter Pond erects trading post
 
1779 1779-1783  Smallpox epidemic
 
1780 1780-1800 The Blackfoot are now residing mainly south of the medicine line, and further west past the 4th meridian.
 
1781 Matthew Cocking becomes the commander at HBC's York Factory post 
 
1782 1782-1799 Samuel Wegg: Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1783 1783-1784 Simon McTavish together with Montreal merchants  created the North West Company.  Frenchman's House of Trade is called Pagua-Mistagushewuk Whiskeheginish.
 
1783 Treaty of Versailles establishes a new boundary between U.S. and Canada. 
 
1784 Edward Umfreville and NW Company traders establish Umfreville House on the North Saskatchewan River.
 
1785 Assiniboils Lake north of English House.  Poshwear River South of Ft. Pond 1776-1777-  Assabena River is north of 3 Sugar loaf Mounts and south of Minnetopor Lake (near Little Winnepeck L. and Winnepeck L.)  Fort Pond 1782 is west of Fort Pond 1781 which is west of Fort Forbiser 1771.  Fort Forbisher is north of Cumberland House. between Beaver Lake and Carrot River.  Hudson's Bay Country by P. Pond
 
1786 1786-1808 Robert Prescott - Governor General of British North America
 
1787 A partner of the North West Company, Robert Grant, builds  Fort Espérance a pemmican provision post
 
1789 1789-1793 Alexander McKenzie leaves Fort Chipewyan at Lake Athabasca and explores north.
 
1791 Peter Fidler winters with the Dene near Great Slave Lake. 
 
1791 Robert Grant builds Riviere Tremblante (Grant's House) on the Assiniboine River.
 
1792 Peter Fidler makes expedition navigating the North Saskatchewan River  mapping the river route.
 
1793 Battle of South Brand House The Gros Ventre Band is wiped out by Cree
 
1793 Marlboro House operated by the Hudson Bay Company is built.
 
1794 Jay's Treaty of 1794.  The U.S. Canada border is still under discussion and a joint commission is set up.
 
1795 1795-1798 Hudson Bay Company establishes Albany House
 
1795 Fort Chepawyan on Athapwescow Lake.  Grants Ho, Marlboro Ho., Albany Ho., Carlton Ho., Hudfons Houf on the Saskashawan R., South Branch Ho , Cumberland Ho. It depicts Assinpoils or Stone Indians near Called or Qu'Appelle R.  Cree Indians on the parklands.  R. of Log da Plonge, La le Crofs, and La Le Cross Lake (Min rus-tick-a Pck-aha-twan).  Assineboines are shown to the west of the Assinipoils.  To the south of Manchefter Houfe are Blackfoot Indian.  A map exhibiting all the new discoveries in the interior parts of North America / inscribed by permission to the honorable governor and company of adventurers of England trading into Hudsons Bay in testimony of their liberal communications to their most obedient and very humble servant A. Arrowsmith, January 1st 1795.
 
1795 James Mackenzie North West Company clerk of Athabaska department from 1795 to 1806 where he kept an Athabaska journal of 1799-1800 published in  Bourgeois de la Compagnie du Nord-Ouest, Vol. II (1890).
 
1795 North and West of L. Oenepig is "Possession Espagnole" There are marked Hyvernement de 1787 and hyvernement de 1786 pour les anglais par Mag:Kay on R. oupas. The upper Mississippi and Missouri Map by M. Soulard, 1795.
 
1798 David Thompson canoed North Saskatchewan River extensively, mapping the area and noting locations of North West Company forts 
 
1798 XY trading company formed by Forsyth, Richardson and Co.
 
1799 1799-1807 Sir James Winter Lake, Bart.: Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1800 1800 Pre 1800, the Assiniboine were further east Pasquia Hills, Lake Winnipeg area all the way to just west of the Great Lakes.  1800-1820 they merge with the Plains Cree on the parklands, south of the tree line, and east of the Missouri Coteau.
 
1800 1800-1840 The Saulteaux or Ojibwe, an eastern coast first nation, were mainly settled in Upper and Lower Canada and Atlantic Ocean coast  pre 1800.  c1800, there was a  westerly movement to Rupert's Land as far inland as the Pasquia Hills,  South Saskatchewan River - North Saskatchewan River fork.
 
1800 1800-c1870 Use of oxen or horse, wood plows.  Sowing of seed done by hand.  Cultivation was done by hoe,  Cutting of hay and grain by cradle scythe or sickle.  Threshing done by hand flail and winnowing of grain done by hand.  Wooden Rakes, and homemade harrows were in use before c1824
 
1800 Hudson Bay, North West and independent trading companies were established at Chesterfield House.
 
1802 Red River Cart is invented; in use till after the Riel Rebellion of 1885, there were many trails across the prairies, many of them following trails of the great bison herds.
 
1804 1804-1815 Gros Ventres move out of the parklands and cluster around Cypress Hills, Great Sand Hills area.
 
1804 XY company amalgamates with the North West Company
 
1805 Just south of Afsinnibois R is "A tribe of Afsiniboins called Gene de Fe 100 tents 250 Men."  Further west near the White River (ok-pah-ah-zhah) are the "Afsinniboins a tribe of the Big Devils"  The "Knifteneaus Chriftenas" 60 men are west of  Maniteaubas Lake.  "Knifeneaux Indians 240 men" are between WY Trading Eflak't and South Branch Ho.  Stone Indians 200 men are west of Hudfons Ho.Knifteneaux 200 Men are near Manchester Ho. To the north are Stone Indians or Afsinniboins 400 men.  "Pine Yland is west of "Fort de Prairs Cumberland Ho."  A map of part of the continent of North America : between the 35th and 51st degrees of north latitude, and extending from 890 degrees of west longitude to the Pacific Ocean  compiled from the authorities of the best informed travellers by M. Lewis ; copied by Nicholas King, 1805. 
 
1807 1807 1812 William Mainwaring Governor of Hudson's Bay CompanyGovernor of Hudson's Bay Company
 
1807 1807-1810 Pierre de Rastel de Rocheblave was member of the Beaver Club in the Athabasca department
 
1807 1807-1812 William Mainwarin : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1807 1812-1815 War of 1812. Second War of Independence
 
1807 David thompson starts from Rocky Mountain House on North Saskatchewan River and Traverses west to British Columbia.
 
1808 1808-1811 Sir James Craig - Governor General of British North America
 
1810 1810-1814 William Auld Superintendent of the Northern Department of HBC (Rupert's Land)
 
1810 Black Foot Indians and Fall Indians are located between Buckingham H (Saskashawan R) and Chesterfield H (on South Branch). Manchester H and Hudson H are just west of  Buckingham H.  To the south is Missouri territory formerly called Louisiana. "Missouri territory formerly Louisiana." by Matthew Carey
 
1811 1811-1815 Sir George Prevost - Governor General of British North America
 
1811 The area of Knistineaux.  Ft. Chepawyan, Somerset Ho, Manchester Ho, Cumberland Ho, Branch Ho, Carlton House are those listed of the present day 'Saskatchewan' area. A new map of North America from the latest authorities / by John Cary, engraver.
 
1812 1812-1822 Joseph Berens Jr. : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1812 Rev James Evans invents the Cree Syllabic system.
 
1812 Selkirk Settlement which became known as the Red River colony is established with Scottish folk Lord Selkirk was granted 116,000 square miles of land along the Red River and Assiniboine River.  Kamsack and Sturgis are two present day communities located on the Assiniboine River and help to define the South Western portion of this region as a part of the Red River Colony.
 
1814 1814-1815 Thomas Thomas Superintendent of the Northern Department of HBC (Rupert's Land)
 
1814 Treaty of Ghent ends the War of 1812 between United States and Great Britain establishes a boundary commission to settle boundary disputes between the Northwest Territory and U.S.A.
 
1815 1815-1816 Drummond - Governor General of British North America
 
1815 1815-1816 Robert Semple Governor of HBC (Rupert's Land)
 
1815 Gros Ventres are migrating south past the 49th Parallel to the U.S.A.
 
1816 1816-1818 James Bird Governor of HBC (Rupert's Land)
 
1816 1816-1818 Sir John Coape Sherbrooke - Governor General of British North America
 
1817 Battle of Seven Oakes.
 
1818 1818-1820 Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond - Governor General of British North America
 
1818 1818-1821 William Williams Governor of HBC (Rupert's Land)
 
1818 A convention with the United Kingdom and U.S, establishes the boundary in the plains between Louisiana and Rupert's Land as the 49th parallel.  
 
1819 1819-1822 Sir John Franklin leads an expedition overland from the Hudson Bay to Arctic Ocean trying to find a northwest passage.  He publishes Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea, in the Years 1819, 20, 21 and 22 
 
1820 1820-1828 George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie-Governor General of British North America
 
1820 1820-1832 George Simpson is Governor of the Hudson Bay Company A reprint in 1938 is made of "George Simpson's Journal of Occurances in the Athabaska Department and Report 1820-21". Toronto: Champlain Society for the Hudson's Bay Record Society 
 
1820 1820-1875 The Assiniboine migrate west of the Parklands, west of the Missouri Coteau, to the Cypress Hills, Badlands area
 
1821 1821-1825 Red River Colony sees an increase of Swiss Settlers joining many retired fur traders who have made their home here.
 
1821 1821-1839 George Simpson Governor of the Northern Department of HBC (Rupert's Land)
 
1821 The Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company amalgamate under the name Hudson's Bay Company
 
1822 1822-1852 Sir John Henry Pelly : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1825 1825-1827 again Sir John Franklin seeks the northwest passage on an overland exploration through northern Rupert's Land.
 
1825 Sir George Simpson travels the Carlton Trail out to the NWT.
 
1826 1826-1886 Chief Poundmaker - Pitikwahanapiwiyin Plains Cree Chief
 
1826 Huge flood hits Red River colony, many colonists head south.
 
1826 James Fenimore Cooper, The Last of the Mohicans (1826)
 
1828 1828-1830 Kempt - Governor General of British North America
 
1830 1830-1835 Matthew Whitworth-Aylmer, 5th Baron Aylmer - Governor General of British North America
 
1830 Smallpox epidemic
 
1835 1835-1838 Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford - Governor General of British North America
 
1835 1835-1890 see a migration of  Métis to the west, north and south away from Red River Colony. Mainly settling in St. Laurent, St. Antoine de Padoue (Batoche), la Pointe-du-Chien-Maigre (Fort Carlton), La Petit Ville or La Coulee des Touronds (Fish Creek),  Lac-aux-Canards (Stobart / Duck Lake) areas.
 
1837 1837-1838 Smallpox epidemic.
 
1838 1838-1839 John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham - Governor General of British North America
 
1839 1839-1842 Charles Edward Poulett Thomson, Baron Sydenham - Governor General of British North America
 
1839 1839-1860 George Simpson Governor of HBC (Rupert's Land)
 
1840 1840-1846 Settlers leaving Oregon to come to Saskatchewan
 
1840 c1840-1850 Buffalo Jumps no longer used, as horses are coming to the plains, herds of buffalo are now surrounded by horses.  The 1850s are the "Golden age of the  Métis "
 
1840 Henry Budd, a Church Of England minister sent from Red river colony to Cumberland House.
 
1841 Sir George Simpson Governor of the Hudson Bay Company travels the west.
 
1842 1842-1843 Sir Charles Bagot - Governor General of British North America
 
1843 1843-1845 Sir Charles Theophilus Metcalfe - Governor General of British North America
 
1845 1845-1847 Charles Murray Cathcart, Earl of Cathcart - Governor General of British North America
 
1845 1845-1848 Paul Kane a painter who depicted the Noble Sauvage in his works.  "Wanderings of an Artist" is one of his books.
 
1846 Fathers Taché and Laflèche started Saint John the Baptist Roman Catholic Mission Chateau St-Jean at Île-à-la-Crosse (Sakitawak).
 
1846 Treaty of Oregon finalizes the continuance of the 49th parallel between the U.S. and Canada south of B.C.
 
1847 1847-1848 Measles epidemic.
 
1847 1847-1854 James Bruce, Earl of Elgin and Kincardine - Governor General of British North America
 
1848 California settlers leave to come North to Canada and the plains
 
1849 Fort Chipewyan on L. Athabasca or Lakeof the Hills.  North West Ho on Buffaloe Lake,  Pine House on Missinippi or English R., Nelson Ho, Carlton, Ho, Ur Nippeween, Lr Nippeween, Deer Lake Ho, Albany Ho, Grant's Ho on Assiniboins R. , Manchester Ho, Chesterfield Ho, and South Branch Ho.  Map of North America including part of the West India Islands London. C. Smith 1849.  
 
1850 1850-1860 Change of lifestyle towards an industrial or capitalistic way of socializing
 
1850 A few one room school houses have started and missions for schooling.
 
1852 1852-1856 Andrew Wedderburn Colville Governor of Hudson's Bay Company
 
1852 The Grand Trunk Railway is issued its charter.
 
1853 P.F. tytler writes 'The Northern Coasts of America and the Hudson's Bay Territories.'
 
1854 1854-1861 Sir Edmund Walker Head - Governor General of British North America
 
1854 Cholera Epidemic
 
1855 U.S. rail line reaches St. Paul, Minnesota.  The U.S. age of the Iron Horse.
 
1856 1856-1858 John Shepherd Governor of Hudson's Bay Company
 
1856 Sas Ketchawan River and Knistineaux in this area.  Maps of Nicaragua, North and Central America : population and square miles of Nicaragua, United States, Mexico, British and Central America, with routes and distances. New York : J. Haven, 1856.
 
1857 1857-1860 Captain John Palliser leads the Royal Geographical Society expedition to explore the NWT advises rail line should take northerly route.  John Palliser publishes The Papers of the Palliser Expedition 1857-1860.  The original intention of the transcontinental railroad to connect B.C. with Eastern Canada was surveyed to cross from the narrows of Lake Winnipeg, and northerly through Saskatchewan to Battleford and then Edmonton.  Settlement in the northern fur trading area, and northern trails deemed this route as the most plausible as southern Saskatchewan was part of the Palliser Triangle, an extension of the American Desert and seen to be not fit for any settlement.
 
1857 Henry Youle Hind was on an expedition 6 weeks later than John Palliser. Henry Youle Hind  publishes Narrative of the Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition of 1857 and of the Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition of 1858 regarding his expedition. As a botanist, Henry Hind saw potential for cautious agricultural settlement, on the plains with little water and fuel sources.
 
1857 Settlers our North West request to join Canada send petition to Government.
 
1858 1858-1863 Henry Hule Berens  : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1858 Gold!  Gold rush to the Fraser River Valley in British Columbia.
 
1859 Gold prospecting North Saskatchewan River near Prince Albert.
 
1859 James Carnegie - 6th Earl of Southesk writes 'Saskatchewan and the Rocky Mountains' 
 
1859 Norwester' newspaper started at Fort Garry.
 
1860 "The Dog Crusoe and His Master" by R.M. Ballantyne a young fur trader.
 
1860 1860-1864 Alexander Grant Dallas Governor   of HBC (Rupert's Land)
 
1860 1860's Cypress Hills is known as "Whoop Up" Country combining  Whisky or Rheumatic medicine, rapid fire weapons, traders, Cree, Assiniboine, Mountain Stoneys in Blackfoot area.
 
1860 c 1850-1950 Before the advent of large administrative units in the middle 1900s, Saskatchewan had small school districts every 4-6 miles apart. Most districts consisted of a single 'One Room School.' The Dominion Government made provisions that Sections 11 and 29 of each township were school sections. In an era when transportation was via walking or horse and no roads, travel was difficult. When hauling grain to elevators with horse and wagon, approximately seven miles was considered to be a convenient distance. This would allow one trip a day. 
 
1860 Kerosene Lamp is invented.
 
1860 No liquor allowed in fur trading after 1860 - the start of bootlegging.
 
1860 Piegan American Indian refugees flee from Minnesota and Dakota
 
1861 1861-1867 Charles Stanley, Viscount Monck of Ballytrammon - Governor General of British North America
 
1862 NWT exploration by William Fitzwilliam the Viscount Milton and Dr. William Butler Cheadle.
 
1863 1863-1868 Rt Hon Sir Edmund Walker Head, Bart. K.C.B. Head Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1863 R.M. Ballantyne a furtrader from the age of 16 to 22 wrote of these dyas in "Snofwflakes and Sunbeams" or the "Young Fur Traders."
 
1864 1864-1870 William Mactavish Governor  of HBC (Rupert's Land)
 
1864 American Fur Co. sold out to the North West Company.
 
1865 1865-1890 Settlers who arrive may start out in sod houses if they owned a steel plow. 
 
1865 The Northwest Passage by Land' by Fitzwilliam the Viscount Milton and Dr. William Butler Cheadle.
 
1866 Fenian Raids by Irish Americans who are anti-British.  Raids are mainly eastern Canada.
 
1866 Reverend James Nisbet established a Presbyterian mission on the North Saskatchewan River - Later known as Prince Albert.
 
1866 Scottish settlers to Prince Albert Region
 
1866 St. Florent Mission near Lebret, le Mont-du-Tondre in the Touchwood Hills and Val Qu'Appelle settled by Métis
 
1866 The Bow and Arrow, and corralling of buffalo by horseback is in use until this time.  The Breechloader or Big Fifty Sharps, Remington or Springfield rifle arrive around 1866-1870 and fuel the beginnings of the wild, wild west.  The Big Muddy Badlands has tales of outlaws such as Butch Cassidy, Sam Kelley, Jesse James, Dutch Henry, Frank Carlyle and the Nelson Jones Gang, and  Billy the Kid (William Bonney) who could run from the U.S. law in Canada past the 49th Parallel in the Badlands hills.
 
1867 1867 - 1873 Sir John A. Macdonald Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1867 1867-1869 Charles Stanley, Baron Monck of Ballytrammon - Governor General of Canada
 
1867 1867-1879 U.S.A. Campaign to destroy Buffalo.
 
1867 Confederation.  British North America Act BNA starts survey of NWT.  Sir John A Macdonald is Canada's First Prime Minister
 
1868 1868-1869 Rt. Hon. John, Lord Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley  : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1869 1869-1870  Smallpox outbreak
 
1869 1869-1870 Hon Sir William McDougall Lt Gov of Rupert's Land and the NWT
 
1869 1869-1870 Red River Resistance; Louis Riel Provisional Government in Red River.
 
1869 1869-1872 John Young, Baron Lisgar - Governor General of Canada
 
1869 1869-1874 Rt Hon Sir Stafford Northcote, Bart. M.P. 1st Earl of Iddesleigh  : Governor of Hudson’s Bay Company
 
1869 1869-1879 Great Famine
 
1869 Métis leave Manitoba to Wood Mountain and Battleford area.
 
1869 Treaty of Surrender. Dominion Government bought Rupert's land for $1.5 million from the Hudson's Bay Company.  The H.B.C. also  yielded Sovereignity of the territory to the Dominion Government.  The H.B.C. was allotted land near their trading posts and had 50 years to claim 1/20 of land in the fertile belt. 
 
1870 1870-1871 Fenian raids by Irish Americans who are anti British, mainly crossing border to Lower Canada (Ontario).
 
1870 1870-1872 Hon Sir Adams G. Archibald Lt. Gov of Manitoba and the NWT
 
1870 1870-1890 NWT plains see the largest number of Eastern Canadian and British immigrants
 
1870 1870-1930 Cemetery Land Grants are issued.
 
1870 1870s Coal mined at Willow Bunch, Wood Mountain, and Cypress Hills.
 
1870 1870s were very wet years.
 
1870 An Imperial Order in Council divides up the trading posts into departments 1) Northern Department, Rupert's Land; 2) Southern Department, Rupert's Land; 3)  Montreal Department, Rupert's Land; 4) Northern Department, Northwest Territory. 1)  Northern Department, Rupert's Land includes the districts of English River, Saskatchewan, Cumberland, Swan River and districts in the area now known as Mb. 2) and 3) are out east. 4) Northern Department, Northwest Territory includes the district of Athabasca and another of the present day NWT.  (There has been documentation of the department naming convention used earlier: 1795, 1820, 1870.)  The following lists the present day Sk forts.
 
1870 Fort Athabasca & Fort Chipewyan, Athabasca District, Northern Department, NWT.   Fort Ellice, Fort Pelly, and Touchwood Hills,  Swan River District, Northern Department, Rupert's Land.  Green Lake, Isle a la Crosse, Cold Lake,  and Rapid River, English River District, Northern Department, Rupert's Land.  Battle River,  Carlton House, Whitefish Lake, and Fort Pitt, Saskatchewan District, Northern Department, Rupert's Land.  Moose Woods,  Cumberland House, and Pelican Lake, Cumberland District, Northern Department, Rupert's Land.
 
1870 May 12, 1870 Manitoba Act 1,400,000 acres of land allotted for Métis and half breeds  238,500 acres are granted in Sk. 
 
1870 Métis leave Manitoba and come westward to District of Sk and Assiniboia, NWT to Lac Pelletier, Vallee Ste-Claire, le Mont-aux-Cypress (Cypress Hills), St. Laurent Grandin
 
1870 NWT expedition by Captain W.F. Butler to report back on the conditions of the First Nation.
 
1870 Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald
 
1870 The Fenian invasion.
 
1871 1871-1890 Pre-emptions are allowed wherein the homesteader can apply for the adjoining quarter section to expand farming.
 
1871 Hudson Bay Trading Post at Chimney Coulee east end of Cypress Hills established by Isaac Courie.
 
1871 Omikiwin disease of scabs epidemic
 
1871 Treaty 2 at Fort Ellice by Saulteaux effecting Moose Mountain to the USA
 
1872 "The Pioneers" by R.M. Ballantyne
 
1872 1872-1872 Hon Sir Francis G. Johnson  Lt. Gov of Manitoba and the NWT
 
1872 1872-1874 The 49th Parallel or "Medicine Line" was surveyed and mapped by the British Boundary Commission and American Commission
 
1872 1872-1876 Hon. Alexander Morris  Lt. Gov of Manitoba and the NWT
 
1872 1872-1878 Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Earl of Dufferin - Governor General of Canada
 
1872 1872-1905 Open Grazing land available for sale.
 
1872 C.P.R. Act of 1872 grants 50 million acres to company sale to help establish rail line
 
1872 c1872 settlers would break land with oxen or horse and walking plow.  
 
1872 Canada's Homestead Act- Dominion Lands Act:  A quarter section or one hundred and sixty acres of land could be applied for with a filing fee of $10.00. The homesteader was required  to live on the land for three years to build a residence and to break at least fifteen acres of his land.
 
1872 Chimney Coulee trading post destroyed and rebuilt by Abel Farwell of the T. C. Power Trading Company.
 
1872 George Munro Grant a presbyterian Minister travelled the NWT as secretary with Engineer in Chief of the CPR sir Sandford Fleming and botanist John Macoun.
 
1872 The Great Lone Land A Narrative of Travel and Adventure in the North-West of America' written of the prairie wilderness by Sir William F. Butler.
 
1873 1873 - 1878 Alexander Mackenzie Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1873 1873-1876 Fort Livingstone is capital of NWT
 
1873 Cypress Hills Massacre
 
1873 G.M. Dawson, a geologist, on the International Boundary Survey, examined the soil , and felt that it would be good for pasture land and stock farming.
 
1873 Smallpox epidemic.
 
1874 The Dominion Government chose Fort Livingstone as the site for the NWMP barracks and as the capital of the North West Territories as settlement was in the northern fur trading region of this area in 1874, and there was a well used trail from Eastern Canada along the Swan River to this site.  The Hudson Bay Company previously policed the area of Rupert's Land, this job now lay with the Dominion Government when they acquired the lands from the HBC. Fort Livingtone was located near Pelly, Sk.  Builders were commissioned by the Dominion Government and left Fort Garry Mb in Aug 1874 and arrived Sept 10 1874 to start construction. The North West Mounted Police arrived 2 months early to take up post at Fort Livingstone barracks before their expected arrival date of November 1874.  The barracks were not complete as construction just began in early September, and there was a fire shortly before the NWMP troops arrived
 
1874 Treaty 4 Pheasant Rump, Ocean Man, and Carry The Kettle sign Treaty Four Nakota Bands are party to this treaty signed at Fort Qu'Appelle
 
1875 1875-1917 Chief StarBlanket-  Ahchacoosahcootakoopit -  Star Blanket chief from 1875  1917.
 
1875 Hill of the Cross (Mount Carmel) is seen on travels of the Carlton Trail.
 
1875 Treaty 5 Cumberland House, Opaskwayak are among the First Nations sign to sign at The Pas.  Cumberland Band part of Cumberland House First Nation now in Saskatchewan and Red Earth and Shoal Lake Bands are part of the Opaskwayak First Nation.
 
1876 1876-1881 Hon David Laird  Lt. Gov of Manitoba and the NWT
 
1876 Alexander Morris Lt Gov of Manitoba and NWT
 
1876 Big Bear (Mista Muskwa) principal Chief of the Crees on the western plains from 1876-1888
 
1876 Sitting Bull seeks refuge in Canada.  Battle of Little Big Horn victory Sioux are seeking assylum
 
1876 Telegraph Flat south of Battleford was the location of the Dominion Telegraph Company office.
 
1876 The capital of the North West Territories located at Fort Livingstone was short lived.   The NWMP police were not satisfied with their quarters and left in Aug 1876 to new barracks at Battle River. The NWT act was proclaimed here on Oct. 7, 1876.  
 
1876 The Eastern portion of the telegraph line is completed to Pelly and Leduc.
 
1876 Treaty 6  Stony Indians,  Grissly Bears Head and Lean Man the Mosquito Nakota Band and Alexis and Pauls Stoney Band sign Treaty Number Six at Fort Carlton and Fort Pitt. 
 
1876 Wood Mountain, Fort Walsh headquarter  Royal Canadian Mounted Police (North West Mounted Police)
 
1877 Fort Livingstone located near Pelly, Sk was the first capital of the North West Territories heralding the signing in of the first Lieutenant Governor, Lt. Gov. Laird in Aug 1877. 
 
1877 Government legislates hunting and closes winter hunting season
 
1877 James Trow chairman of immigration and colonization tours the NWT and Manitoba.
 
1878 1878-1883 John Douglas Sutherland-Campbell, Marquess of Lorne - Governor General of Canada
 
1878 1878-1891 Sir John A. Macdonald Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1878 Lt. Gov. Laird left Fort Livingstone in Aug 1877 to establish a new capital at Battleford, Sk
 
1878 The Sk Herald established in Battleford by Patrick Gammie Laurie.
 
1879 1879-1880 John Macoun, botanist comes to explore the west.
 
1879 Telegraph line completed all the way to Edmonton.
 
1880 "Ocean to Ocean" wrote by George Munro Grant following his travels in 1872.
 
1880 1880-1881 5,000U.S. Indians go to Fort Walsh seeking food
 
1880 1880-1890 Cattlemen from America herding cattle Northward to Canada.  Cypress Hills, Big Muddy, Eastend, Swift Current, Medicine hat, Maple Creek, Frenchman River area start many ranches.  Turkey Ranch near Hallonquist, Olivier's Ranch on Qu'Appelle - Touchwood Trail, Venne Ranch in Menaginous Hills, '76' Ranch near Swift Current through to Calgary, Matador, Murdo MacKenzie Ranch north of Rush Lake, Gull Lake Ranching Company, Wayne Ranch, Matador Land and Cattle Company in Coteau Hills north of South Saskatchewan River, Parson's Ranch, Ten Mile Ranch in Cypress Hills, Empire Cattle Company near Willow Creek, Ogle and Bonneau Ranch in the south east, and the Circle Diamond spread in Frenchman Creek flats were a few ranches established.
 
1880 1880s Buffalo Bones are collected on the prairies to be used as fertilizer and to provide income $8/ton.
 
1880 1880's Deep well drilling and barbed wire for fences become an asset on the prairies.
 
1880 1880s saw the arrival of the newspaper called the Qu'Appelle Vidette
 
1880 Abernethy, Indian Head and Qu'Appelle Farming Colony see the arrival of Scottish Immigrants.
 
1880 Drought
 
1880 Homestead policy changes allowing growing of trees as well as crops to 'prove up' depending on local conditions.
 
1880 Lady Cathcart Scottish Crofter colony is established at Benebecula, Pipestone Valley South of Wapella c/o Assiniboia, NWT
 
1880 Late 1800s see a law passed by the Sabbatarian Christian movement in NWT banning work on the Sabbath or Sunday
 
1880 Late 1880's Chimney Coulee near Eastend 
 
1880 Prince Albert had an amazing population of about 1,500. 
 
1880 Summer fallowing starts to be practiced.
 
1880 Travellers may use horse drawn Buckboards, or immigrants from the U.S.A. may use Covered Wagons (Conestoga wagon, Prairie Schooner)
 
1880 Willowbunch receives French and Métis settlers
 
1881 1881 Land Regulations.  Colonization Companies form where Company receives $120 for every settler and an additional $40 per settler if settled within 5 years; paid once the government inspector heads out for confirmation.  Odd Number sections North of CPR sold at $2 per acre to businesses promoting NWT settlement.  Requirement was that 2 settlers on each of the odd and even numbered sections of colonization land within 5 years.  Even numbered sections settled by homesteaders and pre-emptions.
 
1881 1881-1885 Senator T.O. Davis sets up freighting goods with 9 carts and oxen.
 
1881 1881-1888 Edgar Dewdney Commissioner of NWT
 
1881 1881-1888 Hon Edgar Dewdney  Lt. Gov of Manitoba and the NWT
 
1881 Governor General Lord Lorne tours Manitoba and the North West.
 
1881 Governor General Lord Lorne visits Manitoba and the NWT and confirms seeing the grasslands of Macoun's maps and not the desert of Palliser's expedition.
 
1881 Rev. Arthur Whiteside establishes a Methodist church at Qu'Appelle near the rail line.
 
1881 The Bell farm was located on the CPR rail just at the outskirts of Indian Head, Saskatchewan founded by Major William R. Bell  It was an operation which was ten miles square which encompasses a total of  60,000 acres. The actual amount Major Bell owned  was 331,887 acres as some sections could not be bought.
 
1881 White Cap Reserve established south of Saskatoon
 
1882 1882-1883  English preachers establish the Primitive Methodist Colony near Pheasant Forks.
 
1882 1882-1883 Métis leave Red River Colony to St. Antoine de Padoue (Batoche)
 
1882 Cannington Manor, a bachelor society is formed
 
1882 George Munro Grant wrote "Picturesque Canada" following his travels in the NWT of 1872.  His books were used in advertising campaigns of the CPR.
 
1882 John Macoun, a botanist,  wrote "Manitoba and the Great North-West" following his explorations of 1879-1880 More recent travels to the west had been supportive of expansion to the prairies. Connecting  Canada East to West using a Yellowhead route is abandoned, the agricultural opportunities are surpassing the view of a "Great American Desert" in the "Palliser Triangle" region and the parklands are showing promise for settlement.  It is more economically feasible to continue west from Winnipeg, rather than head North and West.
 
1882 Moosomin, Regina, Moose Jaw rail line encourages Ontario and British Isles settlers to NWT.
 
1882 New Jerusalem, near Moosomin; Jewish settlers from Southern Russia, Central and Eastern European Jewish immigrants
 
1882 Orkney District is located in the York Farmer's Colony which is north of Yorkton.  Immigrants from Eday, Orkney Scotland and Manitoba arrive here.  
 
1882 Pile O' Bones (Oskana-ka-asateki) receives its new name Regina, the first phone is set up in Regina.
 
1882 Prince Albert Times and Review Newspaper started.
 
1882 Rail connects Regina, Indian Head, and Qu'Appelle.  The Stage Coach delivering mail and passengers, now travels from Qu'Appelle to Prince Albert then to Edmonton.  There are Road Houses or stations established along the way approximately every 40 miles to change horses, and provide lodgings. Rail line reaches Moose Jaw.
 
1882 Sioux arrive at Moose Woods Reserve which is near present day Dundurn, Sk.  Chief Whitecap decides to come to Canada after the problems in America which arouse in 1860's
 
1882 Stobart and Company are traders based in Prince Albert
 
1882 Temperance Colony Saskatoon
 
1882 The North West Territories was divided into provisional territories on May 8, 1882. The south provisional district was named Assiniboia (The 33rd township southward to the U.S.A Canada border). The provisional district in central present-day Saskatchewan (between township 35 and township 70) was named Saskatchewan. And Athabaska was the provisional district of the North West Territories for the northern portion of present day Saskatchewan (Township 71 and northward to the District of MacKenzie NWT at the present border between Saskatchewan and the NWT). These provisional districts did not use the current eastern and western boundaries, but extended to range 10 west of the 4th meridian now known as Alberta and the district of Saskatchewan had an eastern border at Lake Winnipeg.
 
1882 William Motherwell settles near present day Abernethy, homesteading at Lanark Place
 
1883 1883-1888 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne - Governor General of Canada
 
1883 Buffalo have moved further and further west and are virtually extinct
 
1883 Little Stone School built by the Temperance Colony Pioneers.  (Later this Village known as Nutana, and the City of Saskatoon)
 
1883 Moose Jaw news started.
 
1883 Portage and Westbourne and North Western Railway co changed name to Manitoba and North Western Railway company.
 
1883 Rail line reaches Minnedosa, NWT
 
1883 Regina Leader established by Nicholas Flood Davin
 
1883 St. Andrews and Benebecula areas c/o Assiniboia, NWT receive more settlers from Island of Benbeula in Hebrides.
 
1883 Steamboats are used in this decade to navigate the Saskatchewan river.  Ferries are available at Ferry Crossings. The  Dawson or Red River Trail, the Carlton Trail are a few of the trails overlanders use to arrive in the NWT.
 
1884 10 areas have formed to provide local services 'Local Improvement Districts': Moosomin, Broadview, Indian Head, South Qu'Appelle, Wascana, Belle Plaine, Moose Jaw, Pleasant Plains, City of Moose Jaw and Regina towns.
 
1884 1884-1892 Joseph B. Tyrell explored District of Alberta, and the District of Athabasca NWT mapping, collecting stories and writing reports. 
 
1884 Czechs and Slovaks settle in Kolin, NWT  (Esterhaz, Sk)
 
1884 East London Artisans Colony near Moosomin, Qu'Appelle
 
1884 Families leave Yorkton colony to settle along CPR.
 
1884 Father Hugonard and Lebret establish Indian Industrial School on Mission Lake shores.
 
1884 Federal Government opens railway mile belt reserve for homestead entry.
 
1884 Lady Cathcart's Scottish Settlement is growing with more immigrants to Benbecula, Red Jacket, Burrows c/o Assiniboia, NWT
 
1884 Neu Elsass Eastern European German Colony near Strasbourg is formed.  New Tulcea (Edenwold) starts as Romanian German settlement receiving Polish later.
 
1884 Oxbow area Jewish settlers from Southern Russia, Central and Eastern European Jewish immigrants
 
1884 Saskatoon Sentinel newspaper started by the Temperance Colony Pioneers.
 
1885  French settlement at Whitewood near Moose Mountain, a ranching venture comprising Rolandrie Ranch, Farm Richelieu, Count de Langle's Ranch, Count de Soras ranch.
 
1885 1885-1887 the New Stockholm Colony is mainly a Swedish Scandinavian settlement.
 
1885 1885-1896 Bell Farm established by Major William R. Bell which was north of Winro, North of Indian Head, West of Dingley, and East of Qu'Appelle and north of the CPR rail
 
1885 Count Paul O D'Esterhazy starts a Colony of Hungarians at Esterhazy
 
1885 Edenwold Eastern European German Colony North East of Regina
 
1885 Frog Lake Church burns down
 
1885 German Colony of New Toulca north of Balgonie is formed.
 
1885 Hohenlohe Eastern European German Colony near Langenburg, Balgonie and Ebenezer
 
1885 North West Rebellion.  Louis Riel selected Batoche as the headquarters of his "Provisional Government of Saskatchewan". Batoche was the last battlefield in the Northwest Rebellion of 1885.
 
1885 Qu'Appelle Long Lake and Sk Railway Line links Regina and Last Mountain Lake.
 
1885 St. John's College established at Qu'Appelle by the Anglican Diocese providing prairie agriculture training.
 
1885 The last herd of Buffalo is gone.
 
1885 Transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway completed
 
1885 York Farmers Colonization Company
 
1886 Great Northwest Central Railway company GNWC goes through Battleford, NWT
 
1886 Manitoba and North West Railway reaches Langenburg.
 
1886 North of Wapella Pogroms or Jewish settlers from Southern Russia, Central and Eastern European Jewish immigrants
 
1886 Temperance Colony Methodists erect Grace Church in Saskatoon
 
1886 Thingvalla in the Qu'Appelle Valley, and Logberg near Churchbridge are both Icelandic settlements. 
 
1887 Churchbridge forms an Anglican church society of older English settlers.
 
1887 Vallar and Holar near Spy Hill are Icelandic settlements.
 
1887 Volga German Colony established north of Yorkton
 
1888 1888-1889 Typhoid hits Swift Current, Moose Jaw areas due to water sanitization issues.
 
1888 1888-1893 Frederick Arthur Stanley, Baron Stanley of Preston - Governor General of Canada
 
1888 1888-1893 Hon Joseph Royal  Lt. Gov of Manitoba and the NWT
 
1888 An Act for the temporary Government of Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory when united with Canada.  Establishing a 22 elected member Legislative Assembly and 4 non voting legal advisors with a 4 man advisory council.
 
1888 Kaposvar, NWT settled by Czechs and Slovaks to Canada
 
1888 Rail line reaches Saltcoats, NWT
 
1888 Sir John Lister Kaye purchases 100,000acres near Balgonie for a large farming experiment by the Canadian Agricultural, Coal and Colonization Company.  This operation was along the CPR beside Rush Lake, Swift Current, Gull Lake, Crane Lake, Kincarth,
Dunmore, Stair, Bantry, Namaka and Langdon
 
1888 The Church Colonization Land Co starts a colony south of Saltcoats
 
1889 Central and Eastern European Germans begin to settle in Neudorf area.
 
1889 Manitoba and Northwestern rail line is established 4 miles south west of Yorkton, therefore town is moved.
 
1889 New Finland district, Finnish agricultural settlement north of Wapella.  
 
1889 North of Saltcoats is a Gaelic speaking Hebridean Colony.  
 
1889 Swedish settlers arrive at Percival, NWT
 
1890 1890 - 1897 sees the completion of the "Soo Line" connecting Moose Jaw, Weyburn, Estevan, Portal, Minneapolis, St. Paul and Chicago.
 
1890 c1890 Osler, Rosthern German Mennonite Colonies are formed.
 
1890 Craik, Saskatoon, Rosthern connected by rail.  N. Portal, Brandon, Estevan and Arcola added to the "Soo Line".
 
1890 Qu'Appelle Long Lake and Sk Railway Line links Regina, Saskatoon and Prince Albert.  Freighting on the Carlton Trail ceases.  No more Red River Carts and Buckboards.  Heavy wagons, democrats and buggies are now the mode of transportation.
 
1890 Rail line connects Saskatoon to Moose Jaw, Sk
 
1890 Scottish settlers arrive between Lumsden and the Arm River Valley
 
1891 1891-1892 Sir John J. C. Abbott Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1891 After 1891 there is a large Icelandic settlement in the Quill Lakes area.
 
1891 Moose Jaw was hit by a huge fire which levelled   17 businesses and a church on Main Street.
 
1891 Sk Valley Mennonite Settlement
 
1892 1892-1894 Sir John S. D. Thompson Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1892 1892-1894 The Jewish Colonization society assisted the influx of Czarist Russian Farmers to Hirsch, Oxbow, Oungre and Hoffer
 
1892 Hirsch Colony near Estevan is established by Pogroms or Jewish settlers from Southern Russia, Central and Eastern European Jewish immigrant.  Jewish Colony receives sponsorship from London Mansion house Committee near Moose Mountain.
 
1892 Mennonites arrive in Rosthern area
 
1892 Regina Typhoid Epidemic
 
1893 1893-1895 Drought hits the prairies.  Dry land farming practices are being started.
 
1893 1893-1898 Hon. Charles H. Mackintosh  Lt. Gov of Manitoba and the NWT
 
1893 1893-1898 John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen and Temair - Governor General of Canada
 
1893 Clifford Sifton, Minister for the Interior, mounted a massive campaign to encourage immigration.  The CPR's poster maps having been successful were now also part of the advertising of the Government, and the range of distribution spread from British cities to the farmers of America, the Europeans, and Scandinavians
 
1894 1894-1896 Sir Mackenzie Bowell Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1894 Yorkton incorporates as a Village with a population of 215.
 
1895 1895-1900 harmony Industrial Association Pioneer Co-op is formed comprised of Western Manitoba protestant farmers.  Located in the Hamona community about 8 miles east of Tantallon
 
1896 1896 Sir Charles Tupper Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1896 1896-1911 Sir Wilfrid Laurier Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1896 Candiac Area East of Montmarte sees a Polish settlement.
 
1896 Ohlen, NWT area sees the building of Lutheran and Swedish mission churches.
 
1896 Regina Maternity Home built
 
1896 Yellow Grass, Mariahilf (Killaly), and Nieven (Grayson) are German Bloc settlements.
 
1896 Yorkton Enterprise newspaper begins.
 
1897 1897-1898 see Ukrainian settlements in the Fish Creek, Batoche  Yorkton, Ituna, Alvena, Wakaw,  Canora,   Grenfeld, NWT, Melville areas and the Montmarte Galician settlement.  The parklands in the prairies felt like home as compared to the Carpathian foothills.  
 
1897 438 Local Improvement Districts have formed (precursors to Rural Municipalities)
 
1897 Canada is advertised as the Granary of the Empire in Europe.
 
1897 Klondike Gold Rush, see an economic growth as travelers use trails from the U.S.A. through to the Klondike.
 
1897 Sandy McCarthy Ranch sets up at Bear Creek, NWT.
 
1898 1898-1898 Hon. Malcolm C. Cameron  Lt. Gov of Manitoba and the NWT
 
1898 1898-1904 Gilbert John Elliot-Murray- Kynynmound, Earl of Minto - Governor General of Canada
 
1898 1898-1905 Amédée Emmanuel Forget Commissioner of NWT
 
1898 c1898-1899 Galician settlement forms near Rosthern, NWT
 
1898 Gerald is a Czechoslovakian and Slovakian community.
 
1898 Homestead Law modified to permit co-operative farming, therefore farmers could live together in a village from which individuals could cultivate the quarter section they applied for.
 
1898 Seager Wheeler Farm refined selective breeding and soil conservation techniques producing outstanding wheat crop results for prairie conditions
 
1898 West of Wakaw Polish immigrants settle at Fish Creek, Kowalowka (Tiny) and Dobrowdy (Buchanan)
 
1899 1899-1902 Boer War veterans receive 2 adjoining quarter sections of land or money to be used for land purchase.
 
1899 1899-1902 The Boer War or the South African War
 
1899 7,000 Sectarian Utopian, communitarian Doukhobors emigrate to Canada.  North Swan River Colony, South Veregin Colony, Sk or P.A. Colony and Devil's Lake Annex.  In the area of Thunder Hill, Swan River, Yorkton, Saskatoon Blaine Lake areas.
 
1899 First hospital built in Prince Albert
 
1899 Independent trading company Revillon Freres based out of France starts in NWT.
 
1899 Treaty 8 Fond du Lac Dene Nation signs at Fond Du Lac.
 
1900 1900s prospecting for Gold at lake Athabasca, La Ronge and Flin Flon.
 
1900 c 1900 Magyarsfoeld Settlement is established at the head of Crooked Lake comprised of Hungarian and Galician settlers.
 
1900 Early 1900s see the Evening Standard and Province newspaper start in Regina, as well as the Daily Post.
 
1900 Mennonite Colony South East of Swift Current
 
1900 Yorkton applies for Town status with 600 people living there.
 
1901 Census shows these large centres Moose Jaw 1,558, Prince Albert 1,783, Regina 2,249, Saskatoon 113, Swift Current 121 and Weyburn 113
 
1901 Governor General Minto visits District of Saskatchewan NWT.
 
1901 Hafford, Meath Park and Yorkton receive Ukrainian settlers.
 
1901 Herzi and Lipton are settled by Pogroms or Jewish settlers from Southern Russia, Central and Eastern European Jewish immigrants
 
1901 Rama and Kuroki in the Yorkton and Canora area receive Polish settlers.
 
1901 William Motherwell helped to initiate Territorial Grain Growers' Association
 
1902 Allan Hills, Lothian, Hanley areas see Scottish immigrants,  Orcadia 1902-1917 settled by Orkney Island settlers.
 
1902 Cedoux near Weyburn are Polish Canadians.
 
1902 High influx of Eastern Germans around Neudorf
 
1902 Influx of about 400 Welsh speaking Pantagonian Welsh and Spanish settlers to Bangor, Saltcoats, Llewellyn, Waldron area.
 
1902 Lemberg Ukrainian settlement.
 
1902 Romanian Orthodox Church built in Regina
 
1902 Tantallon Icelandic settlement
 
1902 Valley Center north of Rosetown has a Czechoslovakian settlement
 
1903 City status is applied for by Regina, Moose Jaw, and Saskatoon which is merging the villages of Saskatoon, Nutana and Riversdale. Weyburn applies for Town status.  Swift Current applies for Village status.  The town of Yorkton is connected by telephone.
 
1903 Gillies is a Polish village.
 
1903 Herbert and Rush Lake area see the arrival of Mennonites from Manitoba
 
1903 Immigration pattern of Germany to Ukraine in the 1800s to Dakotas in the late 1800s to Rosthern, Sk and then to Curzon, Assiniboia, NWT now known as Allan, Sk
 
1903 Métis hit with smallpox epidemic.
 
1903 St. Peters' German Catholic Colony near Leofeld is established with the help of Catholic Settlement Society and Benedictines of Cluny Priory in Illinois.  Annaheim, Dead Moose Lake, Englefeld, St. Benedict Mission, St. Joseph Mission
 
1903 Valley Center north of Rosetown has a Czechoslovakian settlement
 
1904 1904-1911 Albert Henry George Grey, Earl Grey - Governor General of Canada
 
1904 c1904 Albertown is Polish within the Redberry Lake settlement.
 
1904 Croatian settlement in the Kenaston area called Little Lovinac
 
1904 Redberry Lake, Luxemburg, Hafford sees an arrival of Ukrainian settlers.
 
1904 Settlers use horse or oxen team, wagon and Sulky plow which can be ridden rather than walking plow.   Mechanical binder to cut and bind into sheaves.  Those very few settlers which are very well off may have a large steam traction engine and ten furrow plow, steam engine and threshing separator and perhaps steam engine and breaking plow.
 
1904 Swell' used for transportation a one seater buggy with no top.
 
1904 This was a year for very heavy rains, travellers across the plains would often be getting stuck on the trails.
 
1904 Wadena, Hendon, Shellbrook, Lunnar (Fairy Hill), Southey, Admiral, and Shaunavon see an influx of Swedish immigrants.
 
1905 1905-1907 Reinland Mennonite Association creates hamlets of Neuendorf, Reinfeld, Blumenhof, Blumenort, Schoenfeld, Springfeld, Reinland, Chortitz all south east of Swift Current
 
1905 1905-1910 Amédée Emmanuel Forget Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1905 1905-1914 closed grazing leases were available for one cent an acre, conditions apply.
 
1905 1905-1916 Walter Scott first Premier of Saskatchewan
 
1905 1918 William Motherwell is the first Minister of Agriculture
 
1905 Canadian Northern Railway CNoR connects Kamsack, Humboldt, North Battleford, Edmonton.
 
1905 Finnish settlement between Outlook and Elbow, Sk  Finnish immigration started in US great Lakes region and Minnesota leaving to Sk  
 
1905 Irish colonies are formed at Sinnet, Limerick, and Shamrock, Sk
 
1905 September 1 Saskatchewan becomes a province of Saskatchewan Regina is named the Capital City.
 
1906 1906-1907 A very harsh, cold winter freeze up, many ranchers notice huge losses.
 
1906 1906-1907 Garden River Ukrainian Settlement sees a polish village called Janow Corners.
 
1906 1906-1919 La Coulee du rocher, la Coulee-Cheppelle, la Montagne-des-Bois (Wood Mountain), Talle-des-Saules (Willow Bunch) are Métis Hivernant settlements which now receive French settlers.
 
1906 Bobolynci (Fosston) is a Polish village North of Wadena, Sk.
 
1906 Census Population  for Moose Jaw 6, 249, North Battleford 824, Prince Albert 3,005, Regina 6,199, Saskatoon 3,011, Swift Current 554, and Weyburn 966
 
1906 Edenbridge near Melfort receives Pogroms or Jewish settlers from Southern Russia, Central and Eastern European Jewish immigrants
 
1906 Garden River and Gronlid area are settled by Ukrainian immigrants.
 
1906 Grain Growers and Grain Company formed.
 
1906 Neewin District, Norquay, Mandal (Watrous), Delisle see Scandinavian Norwegian settlers.
 
1906 Treaty 10 Woods Cree and Northwestern Dene nations sign.
 
1907 Blaine Lake receives Polish settlers.
 
1907 Canadian legislation which instills individual land registration for the homestead act and not communal registration
 
1907 Eastern European German colony near Leads and Maple Creek
 
1907 Israelis immigrant society Russian Jewish immigrants to Saskatoon.
 
1907 Population of Saskatoon, the Hub City  is 4,500 residents
 
1907 Romania immigrants settle in Southern Prairies in the Lakenheath and Wood Mountain District
 
1907 Town status is achieved by Swift Current.
 
1907 Traffic Bridge built in Saskatoon - no more Ferry crossing.
 
1907 Treaty 10 Hatchet Lake Band signs treaty.
 
1907 University Act was a provincial statute which enabled the creation of the University of Saskatchewan.
 
1908 1908-1918 Revival of pre-emption for men over the age of 18 where 320 acres of adjoining quarter section to the homestead can be obtained  for  $970.00 or $3.00 an acre.
 
1908 1908-1959 The age of the "Saddlebag Surgeon" who travelled around the province providing aid and performing appendectomies, tonsillectomies, and delivering babies.  Before 1950 because of the area of Saskatchewan babies were traditionally delivered by mid-wives.
 
1908 Clay yards established Archola, Broadview, Prince Albert, Saskatoon, Shand, Estevan, Avonlea, Clayblank.
 
1908 Grand Trunk Pacific lay line between Melville, Watrous, Saskatoon, Biggar.
 
1908 Sears Roebuck catalog offers mail order homes.
 
1908 Voluntary Bounty Act Statutes of Canada awarding South African scrip
 
1909 1909-1914 Serb Settlement in the Elm Springs District 10 miles east of Wood Mountain Outpost
 
1909 1909-1937 Coal Creek Colony established via Car ADS IN England attracting 38 families becoming farmers, and ranchers at Tsp 1 -Rge 2- W3 SW of Rockglen. From 1909-1929 it becomes a quarantined area due to Glanders disease.  
 
1909 74 Rural Municipalities established.  Sask Tel buys Saskatchewan Telephone Company, Wapella-Harris Telephone Company, and Bell Telephone Company.  Sask Tel now proceeds to establish telephone lines rurally.
 
1909 A huge prairie fire spreads from Swift Current to Yellow Grass 75 miles long north to south.  It is an era of fires started by rail lines, and few roads or highways to act as fire breaks.  Many settlers started their homested practice with walking plow or sulky plow and plowed a fire guard around where their house would stand.
 
1909 Black immigrants arrive from Oklahama and settle in the Eldon district which is north of Maidstone, Sk
 
1909 c1909 The Morning Leader publishes public accounts for the province.
 
1909 Finnish settlement between Outlook and Elbow, Sk moves to Dunblane District.  These Finnish immigrants have a different culture from the 1889 Finnish immigration.
 
1909 Mennonite Brethern Church built in Woodrow, settlers are of German origin arriving from North Dakota.
 
1909 Weyburn Lethbridge line extends to Rocky Mountain Foothills.
 
1910 1910-1915 Southern Saskatchewan see huge ranches are folding.  End of cattle ranching and increase in agricultural practices.
 
1910 1910-1920 saw the arrival of Crimean Russians and German families in the Wood Mountain area near Billimun, Sk (9 miles North West of Mankota)
 
1910 Count Imhoff settles near St. Walburg, Sk paints murals in churches of da Vinci, Rembrandt, Raphael styling.
 
1910 First airplane flight using Canadian built airplane at Balgonie, Sk.
 
1910 First Combine on the prairies.  The harvest procedure is now one operation, the combine can both  reaping and thresh the grain directly into trucks
 
1910 Gold Lake Athabasca Quartz mine.
 
1910 Montefiore in the Alsask Sibbold area established by Pogroms or Jewish settlers from Southern Russia, Central and Eastern European Jewish immigrants
 
1910 Saskatchewan Grain Growers Association formed.
 
1911 1911-1916 His Royal Highness Arthur William Albert, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn - Governor General of Canada
 
1911 1911-1920 Sir Robert L. Borden Conservative / Union Prime Minister of Canada
 
1911 An influx of Norwegian immigrants to Willis (Parkside), Ordale, MacOuan (Canwood) Russthorn (Robsart)
 
1911 Census shows larger centre population at Moose Jaw is 13,822, North Battleford 2,106 Prince Albert 6,254, Regina 30,213 Saskatoon 12,004, Swift Current 1,852, Weyburn 2,210, and Yorkton 264
 
1911 Romania immigrants expand in Southern Saskatchewan to Stonehenge and Elm Springs districts.
 
1911 Sk Cooperative Elevator Company begins.
 
1911 Typhoid Epidemic
 
1911 University of Regina starts out as Methodist College.
 
1912 L'Association Catholique, Franco-Canadienne de la Saskatchewan S.C.R.C. formed in Duck Lake, Sk
 
1912 T. Easton's company, CPR sell mail order homes, or $1 blueprints.
 
1912 Weekly Saskatoon newspaper the Capital and Saskatoon Daily Star.
 
1913 1913-1918 Peter Veregin takes Doukhobor dissidents on exodus to B.C.  Devil's Lake or South Veregin Colony and those around Blaine Lake (part of the Saskatoon -P.A. colony ) remain
 
1913 Count Imhoff settles near St. Walburg, Sk paints murals in churches of da Vinci, Rembrandt, Raphael styling.
 
1913 Gold Amisk Lake mine
 
1913 Temperance movement to Banish the Bar.
 
1913 There can be counted 115 Rural Municipalities; Weyburn applies to be incorporated as a City. Candahar applies to be the Town of Kandahar.
 
1914 Merger of Canadian Northern Railway CNoR and the Grand Trunk Pacific GTP into Canadian Northern Rail lines.
 
1914 Naturalization Act.
 
1914 Swift Current applies to be incorporated as a City.
 
1914 World War I begins.
 
1915 1915-1921 Sir Richard Stuart Lake Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1915 Der courier German language based newspaper out of Regina
 
1915 James Henderson Scottish artist known for Qu'Appelle Valley paintings.
 
1915 Mora (Fir Mountain), Glentworth, Kildeer, and MacWorth areas see Ukrainians from Russia settling here.
 
1915 Saskatchewan government bans alcohol with the liquor bill.  Hotels and Club licences to sell liquor are terminated, Government shops set up to sell liquor.  Then these closed up.
 
1915 There is immigration from Norway to Norge, Lillestrom, Torquay, Rose Valley, Preeceville, areas.
 
1916 1916-1921 Victor Christian William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire - Governor General of Canada
 
1916 1916-1922 William Martin Second Premier of Saskatchewan
 
1916 Manitoba School Attendance Act declares English the language of schools.  Causes future migration west away from Manitoba for some immigrant areas.
 
1916 Rural telephone lines work on the party line, where 5 to 6 people are connected on one line, and can overhear conversations.
 
1916 The Scott Government grants women the right to vote.
 
1917 1917-1927 Fort San (The Fort Qu’Appelle Sanatorium) was Saskatchewan’s first healthcare facility to combat tuberculosis (T.B.)  Treatment would be quarantine of infected patients, rest, nutritional food, rehabilitation and air, the ice-cold air of winter.
 
1918 Flu epidemic - Spanish Influenza - sweeps America and Europe
 
1918 Questionnaire shows 27 Sk schools teaching French, 71 schools teaching German, 37 schools teaching Ruthenian
 
1918 There were established throughout the grain growing region oil, gas kerosene stations, and coal wood, stations.
 
1918 World War I ends.
 
1919 Lamson and Hubbard start trading in Saskatchewan
 
1919 Soldier Settlement Act
 
1920 1920-1921 Arthur Meighen Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1920 1920s are very prosperous prairie years.
 
1920 c1920-1948 In the 1920s Maternity Homes were established where expectant mothers could stay until their child could be delivered by doctor or midwife.
 
1920 Canada Colonization Company formed  to assist  veteran WWI soldiers settle and re-establish. 25,000 land grants awarded.
 
1920 From the late 1910's to early 1930's. Roaring twenties. Bootlegging in the prohibition days.
 
1920 Menonites leave Manitoba, to Saskatchewan.
 
1921 1921-1926 Julian Hedworth George Byng, Baron Byng of Vimy - Governor General of Canada
 
1921 1921-1926 W. L. Mackenzie King Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1921 1921-1931 Henry William Newlands Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1921 Farmer's Union of Canada formed.
 
1921 Lignite Coal Mines around Bienfait, Souris Valley district.
 
1922 1922-1926 Charles Dunning is elected third Premier of Saskatchewan
 
1922 Radio is invented.
 
1923 Lamson and Hubbard traders merge with Hudson Bay company
 
1923 Many immigrants using breaking plow still, but some have been able to equip themselves with a breaking plow or moldboard.  Horses are the main mode of transportation though a few may have model T car.  The 1920's ushers in a 'good road movement'.
 
1924 1924-1925 Typhoid hits Regina, Sk.
 
1924 Canadian Co-operative Wheat Producers Ltd. (Sask Wheat Pool) is established.
 
1925 1925-1981 Saskatoon Tuberculosis Sanitorium 
 
1925 Matt Anderson of Bulyea campaigned for a health care system similar to that he had known in Norway.
 
1926 1926 Arthur Meighen  Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1926 1926-1929  James Gardiner 4th Premier
 
1926 1926-1930 W. L. Mackenzie King Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1926 1926-1931 George Freeman Freeman-Thomas, Viscount Willingdon - Governor General of Canada
 
1928 Ethel Catherwood sets World record in high jump
 
1928 Yorkton applies for City incorporation.
 
1929 1929-1934 James Anderson 5th Premier of Sk
 
1929 Saskatchewan Power Commission to establish electricity rurally.
 
1930 1929-1938 Dirty Thirties, drought, depression, Riding the Rails, population exodus, Bennett Buggy, Anderson Chariot years.
 
1930 1930-1935 Richard B. Bennett  Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1930 1930-1940 start seeing the abandoning of rails, increased mechanization, trucks, roads and highways.
 
1930 Farmer's Unity League formed.
 
1930 Interconnection of electrical transmission lines is beginning between larger centers.
 
1930 There are 104 movie theatres in Saskatchewan.
 
1931 1931-1936 Hugh Edwin Munroe Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1931 An eight foot single disc, ten foot lever harrow, seed drill, and steel plow or breaking plow (moldboard) may still be used.  Some better off outfits may be using open gear gas tractors which were available since c 1915.
 
1931 Many Finnish Canadians from the Steeldale, and Dunblane district leave to Petrozavodsk, Karelia - "Karelian Fever"
 
1931 The School Act requires that English is the language of schools in Saskatchewan
 
1934 1934-1935 James Gardiner is elected to be the next Premier of Sk
 
1935 1931-1935 Vere Brabazon Ponsonby, Earl of Bessborough - Governor General of Canada
 
1935 1935-1944 William Patterson Premier of Saskatchewan.
 
1935 1935-1948 W. L. Mackenzie King  Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1935 Finnish Canadians return to Canada when Red Finland in Karelia failed.
 
1935 Prairie Farm Rehabilitaiton Act.
 
1936 1936-1945 Archibald Peter McNab Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1936 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, C.B.C. comes into being.
 
1936 Independent Revillon Freres trading company merges with Hudson Bay Company.
 
1939 1939-1954 Doug Bentley b.  Sept. 3, 1916   Delisle, Sk played 13 NHL seasons from 1939 to 1954. 
 
1939 Diptheria Epidemic
 
1939 Granting homesteads discontinued.
 
1939 Matt Anderson Bill establishing health insurance districts in Saskatchewan
 
1939 Prairie Farm Assistance Act.
 
1939 Sudetan Germans seek refuge at St. Walburg, Brightsand, and Loon Lake areas.
 
1939 World War II begins
 
1940 1935-1940 John Buchan, Baron Tweedsmuir of Elsfield - Governor General of Canada
 
1940 1940-1954 Max Bentley "Dipsy-Doodle Dandy" b. Mar, 1,  1920 Delisle, Sk played 12 NHL seasons from 1940 to 1954. 
 
1941 Moose Jaw, Prince Albert, Regina, Saskatoon, Swift Current, Weyburn and Yorkton are centres over 5,000 residents.
 
1941 Out of a Saskatchewan population of 895,992 there are 10,542 on electricity.
 
1941 Tractors used  in farming.
 
1944 1944-1961 Tommy Douglas Premier of Saskatchewan
 
1944 Mutual Medical and Hospital Benefit Act.   This act sees a huge increase in the number of hospitals in the province.  
 
1945 1945-1945 Thomas Miller Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1945 1945-1948 Reginald John Marden Parker Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1945 1945-1997   Gordie Howe was born on Mar 31, 1928 in Floral,
Sk playing 33 seasons between 1945-1947
 
1945 Party telephone lines start to be replaced by 'barbwire' phone lines which used the pasture fence line, fence posts and insulators.
 
1945 World War II ends
 
1946 1940-1946 Augustus Alexander George Cambridge, Earl of Athlone - Governor General of Canada
 
1946 Potash mining begins.
 
1946 Self propelled combine is invented.
 
1946 Veteran's Land Act.
 
1947 Blizzard which lasts 10 days hits southern Saskatchewan it created a snowdrift that was 1 km in length and 8 m in height which buried a train.
 
1947 Canadian Citizenship Act.
 
1947 Chinese immigration Act repealed May 1947
 
1947 Oil boom hits Alberta
 
1947 Pull type combine is invented.
 
1947 W.O. Mitchell a Weyburn resident wrote "Who has See the Wind".
 
1948 1948-1951 John Michael Uhrich Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1948 1948-1957 Louis S. St. Laurent  Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1950 After the this date there is a rise in Hutterite Colonies in Saskatchewan.
 
1950 Korean War begins
 
1950 The era of one room schoolhouses is changing to towns having "Composite" schools which have merged rural schoolhouses into a larger multi classroom school building.  Bussing of children to these schools is initiated as well.
 
1950 Vietnam War begins
 
1951 1951-1958 William John Patterson Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1951 In the 1950's Rural electrification is made available.
 
1952 1946-1952 Harold Alexander, Viscount Alexander of Tunis - Governor General of Canada
 
1952 Green Lake Farming Co-op of Indians and Métis.
 
1952 Polio Epidemic hits Saskatchewan.
 
1953 Korean War ends.
 
1953 Salk invents Polio vaccine.
 
1954 "Fabulous Fifties" see wing tipped cars, and  Television stations CKBI (1958), CKCK (1954) CFQC (1954) CJFB(1957), CKOS (1958) 
 
1957 1957-1963 John G. Diefenbaker Progressive Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1958 1958-1963 Frank Lindsey Bastedo Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1959 1952-1959 The Right Honourable Vincent Massey - Governor General of Canada
 
1959 1959-1968 South Saskatchewan River Dam Project 
 
1959 Late 1950's saw the establishment of Hutterian Brethren.  Masefield area Colony and 20 miles South of Eastend.
 
1960 Following a decade which ushers  in road and automobiles, this is one of the last years that milk delivery in cities is done by horse and wagon.
 
1961 1961-1964 W.S. Lloyd Premier of Sk
 
1961 Severe drought year.
 
1963 1963-1968 Lester B. Pearson Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1963 1963-1970 Robert Leith Hanbidge Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1964 1964-1971 Ross Thatcher Premier of Sk
 
1964 Joni Mitchell Saskatchewan Folk Singer
 
1966 CKCK (1966) and CFQC (1967) produce color television programming.
 
1966 Most areas of Saskatchewan have voted to have Central Standard Time.  Lloydminster and Battle River areas use Daylight Savings Time.
 
1967 1959-1967 Major General The Right Honourable Georges Philias Vanier - Governor General of Canada
 
1968 1968-1979 Pierre E. Trudeau Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1968 Saskatoon population is 120,000
 
1969 Max Braithwaite Saskatchewan Author
 
1970 1970-1976 Stephen Worobetz Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1971 1971-1982 Allan Blakeney
 
1974 1967-1974 The Right Honourable Roland Michener - Governor General of Canada
 
1975 Vietnam war ends.
 
1976 1976-1978 George Porteous Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1976 Margaret Laurence wrote "Where the World Began" an autobiography of her life on the prairies.
 
1978 1978-1983 Cameron Irwin McIntosh Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1978 Russian Jewish immigrants arrive in Saskatoon
 
1979 1974-1979 The Right Honourable Jules Léger - Governor General of Canada
 
1979 1979-1980 C. Joseph (Joe) Clark Progressive Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1980 1980-1984 Pierre E. Trudeau Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1982 1982-1991 Grant Devine Premier of Sk
 
1983 1983-1988 Frederick William Johnson Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1984 1979-1984 The Right Honourable Edward R. Schreyer - Governor General of Canada
 
1984 1984 John N. Turner Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1984 1984-1993 M. Brian Mulroney Progressive Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1988 1988-1994 Sylvia Olga Fedoruk Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1989 Southern Rails Cooperative SRC is formed
 
1990 1984-1990 The Right Honourable Jeanne Sauvé - Governor General of Canada
 
1990 1990-1998 Sandra Schmirler b. July 11, 1963 Biggar, Sk world champion curler.
 
1991 1991-2001 Grant Devine Premier of Sk
 
1993 1993 Avril P. (Kim) Campbell Progressive Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
 
1993 1993-2003 J. J. Jean Chrétien Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
1994 1994-2000 John E.N. Wiebe Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
1995 1990-1995 The Right Honourable Ramon John Hnatyshyn - Governor General of Canada
 
1999 1995-1999 The Right Honourable Roméo LeBlanc - Governor General of Canada
 
1999 1999 The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson - Governor General of Canada
 
2000 2000-  Lynda Maureen Haverstock Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
 
2001 Lorne Calvert Premier of Sk
 
2003 2003- Paul E. P. Martin Jr. Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
 
2003 West Nile Virus Epidemic
 
2004 Corner Gas - Television comedy set in fictional Saskatchewan town of Dog River, and filmed in Rouleau, Saskatchewan
 
 







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