Scottish Saskatchewan Genealogy Roots

Scotland - Scottish

The North West company (1760-1821) (also called the XY company) headed in Montreal, Quebec by Scottish Directors used French Canadians for canoeman, commonly called engagés and voyageurs. The French 'courer' from Quebec would initiate the Canadian migrations between the east of Canada and the area now known as Saskatchewan (before 1870 it is known as Rupert's Land). The British ran the Hudson Bay Company from its head office in England, and the various indigenous tribes brought furs to the Hudson Bay Trading Post till 1774 when Cumberland House was built. The Hudson Bay then hired Orkney Island men and British orphans as 'pedlars'. By the year of 1800, 75% of Hudson Bay Company men were Orkneymen. In 1821, the administration districts of the Northwest Company and the Hudson Bay Company are merged into the Hudson Bay Company. Many retirees of the Hudson Bay Company settled with a Canadian family in the Red River Settlement.



Thomas Douglas, 5th earl of Selkirk whose philanthropist beliefs encouraged Scottish and Northern Irish settlers to the The Red River Colony in 1812. The Red River Colony was on the St. Lawrence- Great Lakes- Saskatchewan River Route and was a major fur trading center for the North West company (1760-1821).



To Saskatchewan came higlanders, lowland Scots, and clansmen from the Outer Islands. There was a Scottish crofter colony set up at Benbecula south of Wapella in the Qu'Appelle valley in the early 1800's who were successful at mixed farming. According to the historic Waghorn's Railway Guides and maps, Benbecula was located at section 3, Township 14, Range 1 W of the 2 meridian, and Wapella at 9, 15, 33 W1.This area is a part of Weyburn Region Gen Web.



Early Scottish Pioneers in Saskatchewan: Killarney, Manitoba Settlers and Saltcoats, NWT (Saskatchewan) Settlers 1889 A Hebridean colony was established north of Saltcoats in the late 1800's. This Gaelic speaking colony in the Yorkton Gen Web Region lost many of its young men in WW1.



Netherhill and Brightholm were also Saskatchewan towns of Scottish settlement.

Source | Bibliography| Ethnic origins and History | Top | Resources | Sask Gen Web

Scotland - Scottish Links

1922 Maps The New World Atlas and Gazetteer - Scotland

Appendix: Norton, Wayne. Help Us to a Better Land: Crofter Colonies in the Canadian West.
Appendix: Saltcoats Settlers: The King Colony and The Lothian Colony
Appendix: Killarney Settlers: The Killarney Colony and The Argyle Colony


Atlas of Saskatchewan British Group Settlements Map

Atlas of Saskatchewan British Bloc Settlements: BRITISH Ethnic Bloc Settlements 1850s-1990s Map

Atlas of Saskatchewan Group Settlements

Ballantyne, John Henry -- biography

Boards > Topics > Immigration and Emigration > Canada > Scottish Immigrants

BritishIslesGenWeb Project



CAN-RedRiverSettlement Mailing List

Canadian Prairies Scottish crofter colony was based at Benbecula

Canadian Ulster - Scots Mailing List

Clan Donald Magazine- A Hudson's Bay Company Pioneer - Chief Factor Archibald McDonald of Fort Qu'Appelle by Norman H. MacDonald and Ellice McDonald Jr.

Clan MacDonald The Story of Canadian Settlements by the late Father Andrew MacDonell.

Cowan, Walter Davy, D.D.S. -- biography

Cyndis List Scotland

Descendants of William Fergus

Dewar, William Dick - Biography

Donald, George M. - biography

Early Scottish Pioneers in Saskatchewan: Killarney, Manitoba Settlers and Saltcoats, NWT (Saskatchewan) Settlers 1889

Encyclopaedia of Saskatchewan Scottish Settlements

Ethnic-Scots Mailing List

Fergus Family History Orkney Scotland to Saskatchewan & Manitoba

Genealogy Resources on the Internet - United Kingdom MAILING LISTS

Geneaolgy Scotland Clans History

Gentles, Colonel Norman - biography

Genuki

Genuki Orkneymen with the Hudson's Bay Company

Grand Lodge of Saskatchewan Scottish Rite Masonry- Consistory

Historiographical Study of Red River Settlement, 1811-1870- Hudson's Bay Orkneymen

The History of Curling in Canada

Immigration Records: Scottish Immigrants to North America, 1600s-1800s

Historical account of the settlements of Scotch Highlanders in America prior to the peace of 1783 : together with notices of Highland regiments and biographical sketches MacLean, John Patterson 1900

Leitch, Hugh D., D.D.S. - Biography

MacDonald emigration history - 1827 MacDonald History - The Emigration Story

Martin, Robert - biography

McLeod, James - Biography

Muirhead, Stuart - biography

Naming Patterns Scottish 1700 - 1800 and early Dutch

Orcadian Features - In the company of adventurers

Orkney Genealogies on the Web

Orkney Gen Web



ORKNEY STONES 1882-1989, The Orkney Historical Society, Yorkton, Saskatchewan, Canada. - Book Resource

Orkney Saskatchewan

Pioneers and Prominent People of Saskatchewan:
Researching from abroad - GENUKI

Rootsweb :Genealogy Mailing Lists: Boards > Topics > Immigration and Emigration
  • Canada
    • General
    • Scottish Immigrants
  • Immigration
  • Ship records
  • Ships from Scotland


Rootsweb Posting Boards Boards > Topics > Ethnic / Race /
  • Scots-Irish
  • Scottish
  • Celtic
    • Scottish Clans
      • Many mailing lists for close to 200separate clans
  • Language
    • Gàidhlig (Scottish Gaelic)


Rootsweb Posting Boards Boards > Topics > Immigration and Emigration > Ships from Scotland

Saskatchewan and its People 1924:The Hebridean Settlers

Saskatchewan History Magazine Stuart, K. The Scottish Crofter Colony, Saltcoats, 1889-1904. 1971. Vol. 24, No. 2, p. 41. Magazine Resource

Scotland in the nineteenth century: Section 14.2: Emigration

Scots in Canada Mailing List

Scotland Genealogy

Scotland Mailing Lists
  • GEN-TRIVIA-SCOTLANDSCOTLAND
  • SCOTLAND-CEMETERIES
  • SCOTLAND-GENWEB
  • SCOTLAND-OBITS
  • SCOTLAND-ROLLCALL
  • SCOTLAND-ROOTS
  • SCT-TOMBSTONE-INSCRIPTIONS
  • WGW-SURNAMES-SCOTLAND


Scottish Kilt Tartans - Saskatchewan Tartan

The Scot in British North America - Chapter V The Canadian Pacific Railway

Scottish Pavilion

Scottish- The Kids' Site of Canadian Settlement - Library and Archives Canada
Seymour, Maurice Macdonald , M.D., C. M., D. P. H. - biography

Smith, Hugh- biography

Sources for Research in Scottish Genealogy

Twenty Years on the Saskatchewan, N.W. Canada By the Rev. William Newton Hon. Canon of Saskatchewan

The Ulster Scots come To Canada

William Wallace Gibson ~ First Flight of a Canadian Airplane ~ Birdman of Balgonie

Voyageur Links | History Comes Alive Voyageur of the NWC - Links

Watson, Charles J. - Biography



Ethnic origins and History | Top | Resources | Sask Gen Web

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