Following the 1848 Revolution of the Austrian Empire an impoverished and landless peasant population was created by Austrian land reforms, a heavy rural population, lack of employment and heavy taxes were imposed on the population. Galicia was to separate into Polish and Ukrainian provinces. Bukovina and Transcarpathia included in the new Ukrainian province. In the late 1800s The Dominion Land Act of 1872 attracted peasant immigrants as "...One hundred and sixty acres of land was offered... to each settler who paid a filing fee of $10.00 and who resided on the land for three years. The settler, during that time, was required to build a domicile and to break at least fifteen acres of his land." 1 .
To quote Sir Clifford Sifton who, was Minister of the Interior and Immigration in the government of Sir Wilfred Laurier: "When I speak of quality I have in mind something that is quite different from what is in the mind of the average writer or speaker upon the question of immigration. I think that a stalwart peasant in a sheepskin coat, born on the soil, whose forefathers have been farmers for ten generations, with a stout wife and a half-dozen children, is good quality."
Many Ukrainians came from two provinces of Austria, Galicia and Bukovina, and would be listed as Austrians as that would be the nation issuing the passport. Bukovina:From 1775 to 1918, is now known as Romania and Ukraine. Bukowina or Buchenland is German, Bukowina is Polish, Bucovina is Romanian, and Bukovyna is Ukrainian Ukrainian settlers from Central Europe were Galicians, Bukovinians, Ruthenians, Part Russian, and Part Polish. .
One of the earliest Ukrainian settlements of Saskatchewan was in the Weyburn Gen Web Region at Montmartre, a Galician Settlement c1896.
Donwell in the Yorkton Gen Web region sported a Ukrainian Hall. Balgonie, Calder, Grenfell, Melville, Dnieper which was Mennofeldt, and Gorlitz which was Tetlock , Grenfeld, Ituna, Melville, and Yorkton, helped Ukrainians migrating in the late 1890's feel at home. All Saints and Sts. Peter and Paul congregations at Rhein are served under the parish of Yorkton Holy Transfiguration Ukrainian Orthodox Church. Yorkton Gen Web area attracted Ukranains who had initially set down in Saltcoats, but later most moved to Yorkton. The Yorkton Gen Web region which was intially British migrants from Ontario who had moved west, now was transformed into East European colonies by 'head agencies' in Galicia and Bukowina.
Neighboring Kamsack Gen Web area to the east also saw Ukrainian immigrants farming around Canora;1897-1898. The congregation of Mamornitz is served by the Canora - Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Church. Sheho-Theodore-Foam Lake Ukrainian Orthodox Parish in the Kamsack Gen Web area serves Drobot, Edmore, Insinger, Lysenko, Parkerview, Sheho, Theodore, Tuffnell, and Westbrook
Alvena, Batoche, Crooked Lake, Cudworth, Dana, Fish Creek, Peterson, Prud'homme which was Howell, Rosthern, St. Julien, Smuts, Tarnopol, Vonda, east and west of Wakaw, and Yellow Creek all showed signs of Ukrainian settlement around and about the Saskatoon Gen Web Region.
The largest wave of emigration of Ukrainians occured following the Russian Revolution of 1905. Ukrainian autonomy was rising and was squelched by the Petersburg Government. The young immigrants arriving in the early 20th century were more educated and very intent on preserving Ukrainian language, culture, national and religious beliefs. (Great Russian, White Russian or Byelorussian and Ukrainian are designated as "East Slavic" languages. 2)
After the turn of the century, settlers dispersed from the aforementioned areas of Central-and- Eastern Saskatchewan. In northern Saskatchewan for example, Lloydminster Gen Web Area also boasted Ukrainian pioneers at Blaine Lake, Hafford A.K.A. Redberry, Krydor, Marlin, and Whitkow. As well as in the neighboring, North Battleford and area (Battleford Gen Web )
Prince Albert Gen Web Region invites researchers to query boards and look up volunteers for placenames such as Edenbridge, Gronlid,Henribourg, Hubbard, Honeymoon, Kalyna, Meath Park A.K.A. Janow Corners, Paddockwood, Shipman, Weirdale, and Prince Albert and area. The Prince Albert Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Church also serves a congregation at . .
"The Ukraine was divided between two empires, that of Russia and of Austria-Hungary." 3 Ukrainian immigrants from Russia settled in South Saskatchewan, the Moose Jaw Gen Web Region: Namely, Fir Mountain to Glentworth District as well as more southerly towards Kildeer and MacWorth area. 1908 would see the arrival of homesteaders such as Artimenko, Bonenko, Buckoski, Pankos, Romanchych or Romanski,and Sylshenko. Wood Mountain area invited Doniluk, Goriuks, Hordenchuk, Kachuk, Keriak, Mazapiuk, Pysmeny, Topolas who were Russian Ukrainian settlers.
Rail lines helped many a settler apply for a homestead patent or to make improvements. Some Ukrainian families sought urban employment or employment chopping wood, help others build houses. As a result, around the turn of the century, many Ukrainians were naturalized in Regina (Regina Gen Web). Urban Ukrainian Workers Association, the "Union" or "Zluka" started a newspaper in 1922 called "Ukrainsky Smoloskyp" or the Ukrainian Torch. In 1922 Ivan Fedorwych listed Regina's Ukrainian immigrants, there were 385 from Bukovina, and 283 from Galicia.
Source | Bibliography | Ethnic origins and History |
Resources | Sask Gen Web
About Ukrainians in Saskatchewan Immigration and Settlement Patterns
*--Alvena Ukrainian Catholic Cemetery.
*--St. Michael's Ukrainian Catholic Church in Alvena.
*--Kushneryk's Funeral Home, Wakaw, SK
A Few Historical Highlights of Ukrainians in Saskatchewan
Ancestor table of the children of Leo James Lubiniecki & Alma Cecilia Reagan of Sturgis, Saskatchewan
Atlas of Saskatchewan Bloc Settlements: Ukrainian Ethnic Bloc Settlements 1850s-1990s Map
Atlas of Saskatchewan Group Settlements
Bienfait Saskatchewan Church History Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
BLUE SKIES: Ukrainian Canadian Pioneer Days (The Churches and Their Surrounding Communities)
*--Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Ukrainian Catholic Church
(Jaroslaw, South West of Yorkton Sk, 1903)
*--'Kaplechka' or 'Ascension' Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church
(Sliding Hills Regional Municipality, Sk., 1903)
*--Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Ukrainian Orthodox Church
(Mamornitz, Sk Southwest of Canora- 1910)
Book Title The Hands of time : village of Buchanan, 1907-1987, Range M. of Buchanan, 1913-1988, and district
Published Buchanan, Sask. : Buchanan History Book Committee, c1988
The Bukovina Society of the Americas NEWSLETTER Vol. 5, No. 4 December 1995 Joannes Vollhoffer (1830-1881) Theresia Watzlavek (-1918) ~ Re Balgonie, Assibinoia
Bukovina Society of the Americas
BUKOVINA-GEN The Bukovina Genealogy Mailing List
Celebrating Saskatchewan's Heritage 1911-1920
Cemetery in Verkhniyakivtsi, Borshchiv rayon, Ternopil oblasty
"Many, many families left this town and moved away, predominantly to Canada. For instance, a majority of the Ukrainian pioneers in Rosthern and Vonda in the province of Saskatchewan were specifically from this town. In Canada, variations in spelling this name include: Verchniakiwci, Wierzchiakowce, Wersznykiwci, Wiszniency, Werchnikevci, Wershnikiwtsi, Wershnikivetz, Wershnykiwci, , Wiszniaucy, Vershnekewsti. "
Cemetery Junction Saskatchewan - Page 1 Antonivka Greek Or Ukrainian Cemetery 5 Miles North Of Canora, Sask. S0A 0L0
Cemetery: Adimiwka (Holy Ghost) Cemetery
southeast of Rosthern, SK NW31-41-2-W3
Cemetery: Borschiw Cemetery
near Prud'homme Saskatchewan
Cemetery: Laniwci-Ukrainian Catholic St. Ascension SW1-41-2-W3 Laniwci, SK
Cemetery: Pryma (St. John the Baptist) Cemetery near Smuts, SK
Cemetery: Sacred Heart Cemetery near Prud'homme, Saskatchewan
Cemetery: St. Mary's Ukrainian Catholic Cemetery near Rosthern, Saskatchewan
Cemetery: Terpannia Brookhill Cemetery Located 15 km south of Blaine Lake, Saskatchewan on Highway 12.
Cemetery: Trinity Cemetery SW1-44-7-3 Located near Blaine Lake, Saskatchewan
Cemetery: Ukrainian Marker Tsp 41, Rge 2 West of the 3rd meridian
C.I.C.Canada | Forging Our Legacy: Canadian Citizenship and Immigration 1900-1977 : Immigrants in sheepskin coats: the Ukrainians
Civilization.ca Oracle Immigrants to Western Canada:The Early 20th Century
Civilization.ca - The Ukrainians in Canada - Bibliography
Community and Family Histories of Ukrainians in Canada
Cyndi's List - Austria / Österreich
East European Gen Web
- Czech Republic
Estevan the Power Center: UKRAINIAN GREEK CATHOLIC CHURCH
Galicia and Bukovina : a research handbook about Western Ukraine, late 19th and 20th centuries Himka, John-Paul, 1949- Published 1990
Historical Highlights of Ukrainians in Saskatchewan
Historical Society - Sask Ukrainian Historical Society
Hrynuik, Pauline (nee Shalansky) oral history
submitted by Nat Hrynuik
Immigrants to Canada: The Ukrainians (from c1892-1914)
Immigrants who Came Home - Saskatchewan News
Ituna-Wadena Ukrainian Orthodox Parish District
* --Parish Cemetery Listings
* --Holy Ascension UO Church, Hubbard NW-NW-21-25-10-W2
* --St. Michael’s UO Church of Wishart
* --Punnichy St. Mary UO Church “The Blue Church”
* --Bankend Holy Trinity UO Church RM277: corner of SE ¼ 13-29-14 W2nd
* --Orthodox Interments in Melville Municipal Cemetery
* --    (St. Mary the Protectress Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Melville, Sk).
* --Sts. Peter and Paul RM 215 NW 23-23-8-2
* --Independent Greek Location: NW 20-23-7-2
* --Goodeve Holy Ghost RM215 NE1/4 10-24-9-2
* --Birmingham Orthodox 215 SW 16-23-7-2 (East Portion)
* -- St. Elias RM 215 SE 30-24-9-2
* --Wimmer Holy Ascension UO Church RM 368 NE 9-37-17
Ituna-Wadena Ukrainian Orthodox Parish District
* --Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Fosston
* --Holy Ghost (Spirit) Ukrainian Greek-Orthodox Church, Ituna
* --All Saints Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Wadena
* -- St. Michael’s Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Watson
* -- Nativity of St. Mary Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Wynyard
* -- St. Mary Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Punnichy
* --St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Wishart
* --Sts. Peter and Paul UO Heritage Church (farm), Fenwood
* -- Rich Ties, Great Links to History
* --St. Elias UO Heritage Church (farm), Goodeve
* --St.Mary the Protectress UO Church, Melville, The Formative Years
* --St. Mary the Protectress UO Heritage Church, Melville
* --Holy Ghost UO Church, Goodeve
* --Holy Ascension UO Church, Wimmer
Immigrant Voices Ukrainian Immigrants
In the Footsteps of Nation Builders - Senator Paul Yuzyk A Biography - .
InfoUkes - Information Resource About Ukraine and Ukrainians
Langruth_Crocus_Families.html: Frances Nagorny was the orphan of a rural family in Ukraine
Major Ukrainian Collections in the National Archives of Canada
My Ukrainian Matrilineage
Obituaries July 21/ 99 Daniel Procyk Weyburn Review ~ Monmartre, Sk
ON THE AIR: Documentary recounts Ukrainian experience
Our roots Nos Racines Ukrainian pioneer days in early years 1898-1916 in Alvena and District, Sask. Harbuz, Mike
Our Roots Nos Racines From Dreams to Reality : A History of the Ukrainian Senior Citizens of Regina and District, 1896-1976
Researching Russian Roots Ukrainian and Belarus
Rootsweb Message Boards: Boards > Topics > Organizations and Societies Ukrainian Genealogical Society (UGR)
Rootsweb Posting Boards Boards > Topics > Immigration and Emigration > Canada >Ukrainian Immigrants
Saint Joseph's Cemetery, Balgonie, Sk
Saint Mary's Ukrainian Catholic Cemetery Rosthern, Saskatchewan
Salt and Braided Bread *
Saskatchewan and Its People 1924:Galicians and Bukowinans.
Settlement East of Saltcoats
Saskatoon Gen Web Area Ukrainian and Polish Ancestry Researcher: Chubak-Czubak, Stadnyk, Slusar, Chaykowski-Czajkowski, Harasymchuk-Harasymczuk, Bryshun, Rawlyk, Gilecki, Kotelko
Saskatchewan Gen Web Project - SGW - Biography - The Very Reverend Philip Ruh, O.M.I.
Scattering of Seeds The Fullness of Time Immigration of Ukrainians - Ukrainian stories from Alberta
»»»See Austria - Austrian: Bukovina
»»»See German-Saskatchewan - Germany: Bukovina
»»»See Hungary - Hungarian-Saskatchewan
»»»See Poland - Polish-Saskatchewan : Bukovina
»»»See Romania - Romanian-Saskatchewan: Bukovina
»»»See also Russia - Russian-Saskatchewan
Summer 1946 Kelso Saskatchewan News
They Planted the See by Paul Malec digitised online by Our Roots Nos Racines
Time for Atonement Canada's First National Internment Operations and the Ukrainian Canadians 1914-1920
The Ukrainian Canadians: A community Profile 1891-1999
Ukraine Collections ic.ca.ca Heirloom Seiries
Ukrainian Canadian Congress - Saskatchewan Provincial Council
Ukrainian Canadians: Redress for Internment
Ukrainian Canadian Herald
# 101, 10544 114 Street,
Edmonton, AB, T5H 3J7.
Ukrainian Canadian Herald E-mail
842 Main St
Ukrainian Marker Tsp 41, Rge 2 West of the 3 meridian Saskatchewan
Ukrainian Voice E-mail
Please check local libraries for microfilmed copies of past newspapers.
Ukrainians in Saskatchewan - A Few Historical Highlights of
Ukrainian Museum of Canada
Ukrainian Churches of Canada
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada Parishes
Ukrainian pioneer days in early years 1898-1916 in Alvena and District, Sask. - Harbuz, Mike
Ethnic origins and History |
Resources | Sask Gen Web