Homestead
Records

How to Read Homestead Records to find the location.

Why were Canadian "Last Best West" homesteads created? Settlers had to apply to the Provincial Land Titles Office to to file Homestead forms that they were British subjects by birth or naturalization. Dominion Land Acts set out provisions and options for lands regarding 'Pre-emption', 'proving' or purchasing a quarter section. Where were Saskatchewan homesteads located? When were Saskatchewan Homestead Applications Available?

For online searches of homesteads, use Archivia Net Dominion Land Grants which is an online database of any homesteader who received their letter of patent for successfully proving their land. The Letter of Patent was granted by the Dominion Government of Canada, and a copy is available from National Archives. The Saskatchewan Homestead Index Project (SHIP) is a transcription of homestead record holdings of the Provincial Archvies. The Provincial Government of Saskatchewan managed the land titles offices, and the correspondence and forms that transpired between homesteader and the land titles office are available from Saskatchewan Provincial Offices. Provincial Archives may have a file on the homesteader even if the land was not proved successfully and title not granted, or if the land was a pre-emption. The Hudson's Bay Company transferred Rupert's Land and the Northwest Tierrotires to the Dominion Goverment in 1868. Even though Saskatchewan became a province in 1905, the lands and natural resources were not transferred to provincial authority until 1930. Saskatchewan Archives Board > Land Records > Search for a Pre-1930 Homestead File

The ICS Centennial Site provides a database of Original Land Grants ($). "These grants were the original documents that granted Saskatchewan settlers land ownership." As well Saskatchewan Genealogical Society provides HOME (Historical Ownership Mapping Endeavour) ($) provides a CD of names, dates and locations of Dominion Land Grantees.


Any homestead records held by the Provincial Archives are also on microfilm at the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. At the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints there are Saskatchewan homestead records, 1870-1930, and index Canada. Department of the Interior. Dominion Lands Branch (Main Author) Notes Microfilm of originals at the Saskatchewan Archives, Saskatoon. The index gives name of homesteader, location of land (section, town- ship and range) and file number. Please go to the online LDS site; "Library", and "Family History Library Catalog" for the microfilm reel numbers. Provincial archives have limited research services, and it is best to start your research at a library or by doing an online search at Archivia Net Dominion Land Grants, or come to Provincial archives in person and receive help from the archivist to direct you in your research.

The aforementioned records are coming online! Saskatchewan Provincial Records, 1879-1987 Images from Saskatchewan Archives such as homesteads, voter lists, pioneer questionnaires, biographies, military and municipal records, teacher registries, township registers, and Henderson Directories. Family History Centre Resources. The Saskatchewan Homestead Index Project (SHIP) resource or the Saskatchewan Archives Board > Land Records > Search for a Pre-1930 Homestead File to search alphabetically by surname, then return to the Family History Centre, and peruse their Saskatchewan Provincial Records, 1879-1987 online by homestead file number and date.

Many early settlers purchased their land. This could be instead of applying for a homestead patent, or it could be in addition to an existing homestead. Land could be purchased from the rail lines, colonization company or from the Hudson Bay Company in the early 1900s. Search Glenbow Archives CPR database which shows the "Sales of agricultural land by the Canadian Pacific Railway to settlers in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, 1881-1906. "

There are other web sites and maps which are online which also state the name of the original homesteader. For instance RURAL MUNICIPALITY of TURTLE RIVER No. 469 Original Homesteads Map --Surname Database of original homesteads near Edam, Vawn and St. Hippolyte and Scandinavian Canadian Land Co. Historic map. Map shows the names of settlers of 1904 and 1905 and previous. Townships 32,33,34,35 and Ranges 1,2,3,4,5,6. West of the 2nd Meridian.

Use a local history / family biography book may have further familial information. The library online databases may help you locate such a book, if you search by subject, and enter the nearest town to the homestead. The Sask Wheat Pool maps 1924-25, 1947-48, 1950-51, 1952-53, 1984 may help you in determining where the homestead is located, and the nearest town/s. Many of these local history/ family biography books have Cummins maps in them which were drawn in the early 1900's and show who was proving the land at the time the map was drawn up.

Cummins maps are also available from Provincial Archives. Saskatchewan Cummins Rural Directory maps are available for the years of 1917-1918, 1920, 1922, 1926 (this year is only for the area East of the Third Meridian), and 1930 (this year is for the area north of township 21). Saskatchewan Genealogy Society SGS has the Cummins Maps sorted by title and area. Each map encompasses 12 townships (6 miles x 6 miles) which is an area 18 miles East West and 24 miles North South. To see how Saskatchewan is divided into townships use the Sask Wheat Pool Maps (years: 1924-25, 1947-48, 1950-51, 1952-53, or 1984) website. The Saskatchewan maps on this site are divided into townships marked similarly as graph paper grids. These maps will help to determine which township a homestead is located within, and which Cummins maps would best show this township. In a complete legal land description {ie. SW section 24 Tsp 31 Rge 13 West of the 2nd} the {Tsp 31 and Rge 13 West of the 2nd} would define the township. The beginning notation {SW section 24} is used to define the actual farm (1/2 mile x 1/2 mile) quarter-section location within the 6 mile by 6 mile township.

HOMESTEADS:
Dominion Land Grant Information

Dominion Lands Policy for settlement
*---Homesteads granted to settlers were 160 acres of land, and required a $10.00 fee for the Letters Patent. Males 18 years or older could apply or a male or female head of the family. Before receiving title to the land, they had to file evidence that they were British subjects by birth or naturalization.
Proving the land
*---Settlers had to live on their homesteads for a three year period, clearing and farming some of the land and making improvements. They had an option to purchase the quarter section next to theirs as a pre-emption, by paying the market price of the time which was about $2.00 acre. Even numbered sections were reserved for homesteads and pre-emptions, while odd-numbered sections were sold.
*--Upon recieving the Dominion Land Grant patent for a quarter section, the homesteader could apply for a pre-emption. This entitled him to purchase an additional 80 acres adjacent to the homestead at the rate of one dollar per acre. [later the rate changed to three dollars per acre]Various Dominion Land Acts
*---The Dominion Government made an agreement with the Hudson Bay Company for land take over. The HBC were to receive 1\20 of fertile land so for every fifth township, all of section 8 and 3/4 of section 26 were set aside as HBC lands. The Dominion Lands Act of 1872 provided that the Company should receive all of section 8 in each township, all of section 26 in each township with a number divisible by 5, and the southern half and the northwest quarter of section 26 in all other townships. In some townships HBC land was in sections other than 8 or 26. This happened if, for example, the Dominion Government required these sections for its own purposes.
*--Provisions were made that Sections 11 and 29 of each township were school sections.
*--Railway grants gave odd numbered sections to the C.P.R. for 24 miles on either side of the railroad. Later the sale of the remaining odd numbered sections were used to build the Hudson Bay Railroad.
*--Grazing Land could be obtained for 1 cent an acre for two years and gave up to 100,000 acres.
*--The Soldier Settlement Act gave a free quarter section to veterans.
Measurements
160 acres = Quarter Section = Homestead = 1/2 mile x 1/2 mile
1 acre = 4,840 square yards
1 mile = 1,760 yards
1 kilometer = 0.621 mile

Homestead Records and Information

1900's CNR map of the Prairie Provinces showing townships and ranges

1921 Canada Census: Place of Habitation :: Rural Municipalities

1926 Saskatchewan Souvenir Highway Map

Archivia Net Dominion Land Grants
2005 Sask. Centennial




Canada at Scale Maps of our History

Canada's Digital Collections The Spirit and the Soil: Humboldt Settlement: Land Companies and Railways
Canada's Digital Collections The Spirit and the Soil: Humboldt Technoloty - Railway

Canadian Genealogy Center - Land
  • Land Petitions
  • Provincial Land Records
  • Land Grants to Veterans

Canadian Life and Scenery, with hints to intending emigrants and settlers 1886

Canadian Maps

The Canadian West

Colonial and Indian exhibition, London, 1886:Canada: its history, productions and natural resources ... (Google eBook)Canada. Dept. of Agriculture
-->page 52 The Land of Canada. System of Survey. p. 54 Homesteads and Pre-emptions. p. 56 Wood for Settlers.

Descriptions of townships of the North-west Territories, between the Third and Fourth Initial Meridians. 1886. Dominion of Canada, Dept of the Interior
-->(first entry is for Township 9 Range 1, west of the third meridian. Description of soil and land followed by surveyor's name and date of record

Descriptions of townships of the North-west Territories, between the second and third Initial Meridians. 1886. Dominion of Canada, Dept of the Interior
-->(first entry is for Township 1 Range 1, west of the second meridian. Description of soil and land followed by surveyor's name and date of record

2005 Sask. Centennial - Sask. Agriculture and Food
  • Families who have operated any farm or business, or lived in the same residence, rural or urban, for 80 years or longer are eligible for the Saskatchewan Historical Recognition Registry sponsored by the Saskatchewan History and Folklore Society (SHFS).


Documentum ECIS. Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec (BAnQ) partnered with Library and Archives Canada (LAC) to provide a a "Federated Search Engine" Supported by the Council of Provincial and Territorial Archivists (CPTA) of Canada, the federated search engine provides a database search of many different sources in one place, such as homestead records, 95 separate directories, marriage and divorce records, military records, &c.

Genealogy Resources on the Internet - GENERAL USA MAILING LISTS
--Colonial America/Canadian early history MAILING LIST
--Homesteader ancestors MAILING LIST
--Land/property research and its applications in genealogy MAILING LIST

a href="http://books.google.ca/books?id=e6AtAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA123&dq=Saskatchewan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jhNZT6v9JMadgQfRhrWiCw&ved=0CEoQ6AEwAzgo#v=onepage&q=Saskatchewan&f=false">Guide Book containing information for intending settlers with illustrations ~ Canada Dept of Agriculture

History of SLSA- Saskatchewan Land Surveyors' Association

Homestead Grant Registers. Canadiana.org. nine digitized microfilm reels from the Department of the Interior.

HOME (Historical Ownership Mapping Endeavour) ($)

Homestead Dominion Land Grant Information

Homestead Forms
--Examples of forms that may be in the provincial archives file

How Did Saskatchewan Pioneers Homestead?

Lands of plenty:British North America for health, sport, and profit. A book for all travellers and settlers (Google eBook) 1879

List of Lease holders in the North West Territories - Immigrants to Canada Immigration of 1887 for the west- Ranches in North West Territories

Maybe the Ghosts will rise again! - A look at Saskatchewan's Ghost Towns

Map Town Co-ordinate Converter

New World Atlas 1922 Edition showing provincial electoral districts

On Campus News Prof. Emeritus compiles book on phenomenon of "Eaton's Houses"

Sask Wheat Pool 60 years-1924-25, 1947-48, 1950-51, 1952-53, 1984 maps
--Map from SWP showing ranges, townships and meridians to help locate homestead property


Original Land Grants ($).

Past and Current Land Use in Saskatchewan

Rootsweb Message Boards - Boards > Topics > Research Resources
  • Land & Tax Records


RURAL MUNICIPALITY of TURTLE RIVER No. 469 Original Homesteads Map
--Surname Database of original homesteads near Edam, Vawn and St. Hippolyte


Saskatchewan Agricultural Hall of Fame

Saskatchewan Archives Board > Land Records > Search for a Pre-1930 Homestead FileHomestead Index

Saskatchewan Archives | Family History Research | Land Records

Saskatchewan Archives | Family History Research | Municipal Records

Saskatchewan Homestead Index Project (SHIP)

Saskatchewan Land and Property Records Family Search.org

Saskatchewan Land Titles

Saskatchewan Provincial Offices

Saskatchewan Townships & Ranges in a tutorial quiz!

Scandinavian Canadian Land Co. Historic map. Map shows the names of settlers of 1904 and 1905 and previous. Townships 32,33,34,35 and Ranges 1,2,3,4,5,6. West of the 2nd Meridian. --- in the Kamsack Gen Web Region

Search Glenbow Archives CPR database To Canada and through it:with the British Association (Google eBook). 1886.
-->p. 19 The system of survey. p. 22 Regulations for the sale of C.P.R. Co.s Land Terms of Payment. Rebate

Visiting your Ancestor's Homestead - Planning a summer vacation?

Where were Saskatchewan homesteads located?Why were Canadian "Last Best West" homesteads created?

Top | Resources | Home

Canada's Homestead Act - Dominion Lands Act -- 1872

1850-1874
"...Onehundred and sixty acres of land was offered by the Dominion LandAct of 1872, to each settler who paid a filing fee of $10.00 andwho resided on the land for three years. The settler, during thattime, was required to build a domicile and to break at leastfifteen acres of his land."Source
Blue Moon Early Survey in Western Canada

Farming and Rural Life in Canada

When were Saskatchewan Homestead Applications Available?

Why were Canadian "Last Best West" homesteads created?

Top | Resources | Home

Soldier Settlement Act of 1919

Land Grants were awarded to 25,000 veteran soldier settlers.

Beginnings and Landmarks

Handbook giving information regarding land settlement, agricultural training and loans for returned soldiers written by Soldier Settlement Board of Canada Published by Ottawa, Taché, King's Printer, 1919

Top | Resources | Home

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URL: www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cansk/Saskatchewan/homestead.html
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