Canada Year Book Statistics ~ Chapter Education
( The first number in the image title is the year, the last number is the page number within the original book.)
Families today face a different educational system from the days of our early homesteaders. The evolution of the province through economic boom and bust, war, and industrialization changes has changed every facet of the school including teacher training, examinations, student to teacher ratios, grades, subjects, school consolidation, buildings and equipment, books and resources.|
The face of the prairie's population changed from Aboriginal peoples of Rupert's Land and the North West Territories to a cultural mosaic incorporating immigrants of European and Asian backgrounds. Education evolved in its role towards the native culture, immigrant languages and religious exercises and customs. The immigration wave brought with it new towns, burgeoning ethnic settlement groups and school diversity. The one room schoolhouse educational system focused on challenges that the pioneer homesteader faced in a pre-dominantly rural agrarian society.
The First World War (1914-1918) affected school staffing with a shortage of qualified instructors, school building repairs failed as materials were needed for the war effort, and there was a shortage of persons capable of doing the repairs. School policies and procedures regarding ethnic diversity came under scrutiny.
The depression and drought of the dirty thirties caused a mass exodus from Saskatchewan and the rural farm. As society shifted toward an urban lifestyle schools and secondary training prepared students for a varied work force replacing working on the family farm or in the family home. Men and women pursued education at university or at a vocational college in search of a higher income.
The Second World War (1939-1945) again affected school building upkeep which had deteriorated during the econmic bust of the thirties. The war sent resources to the war effort and again personnel was at a shortfall for domestic teaching and carpentry.
Education changed enormously as families shifted from the one room rural school house with multiple grades taught under one teacher to the larger consolidated urban school. Industrialization and motorized agricultural equipment allowed children to attend school rather than help with the agricultural and lifestyle necessities of planting and harvesting. Mechanization brought maintained highways and automotive travel allowing egress to and from school during the winter months.
Schools underwent a major change as the country looked towards industrialized improvements. Subjects encompassed diverse subjects including industrial arts, special education, arts, kindergarden and university research courses. Society was offered specialized training to meet agricultural challenges and overcome drought hardships. Vocational and college education provided diverse occupations and salaries.
The various years in the Canada Year Books express the conditions, challenges and progress faced in that era. Browse through the years to see how the educational lifestyle and focus changed. How did the past events influenced the schools and educational conditions of the present and the future?
|The Country School in Non-English Speaking Communities in SK. 1915.|
|Survey of Education. 1918.|
|The Story of Saskatchewan and Its People by John Hawkes. 1924.|
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Saskatchewan One Room School House Project
Canada Year Book (CYB) Historical Collection Browse by Year 1867-1967 in pdf format. Statistics Canada.
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