The Victoria Cross was awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice or extreme devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy. There have been 1,351 Victoria Crosses and 3 Bars awarded worldwide, 94 to Canadians (Canadian-born or serving in the Canadian Army or with a close connection to Canada).
BAZALGETTE, Ian Willoughby
A mountain peak in Jasper National Park is named for this winner of the Victoria Cross.
HARVEY, Frederick Maurice Watson of Fort MacLeod, Alberta
Frederick Maurice Watson Harvey was born in Athboy, County Meath, Ireland, and came to Canada in 1908 where he worked as a surveyor in northern Alberta and High River. He settled in Fort Macleod ca. 1911. Fred enlisted in the Canadian Mounted Rifles in 1915. He became a lieutenant in 1916 and went overseas, soon transferring to Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians). During the First World War Fred was awarded the Victoria Cross, Military Cross and Croix de Guerre. From 1923 to 1927 he taught physical education at the Royal Military College in Kingston, and in 1938 was promoted to lieutenant colonel and became commanding officer of LdSH(RC) at Currie Barracks in Calgary. In 1940 he was promoted to brigadier and commander of the 13th Alberta Military District. Fred retired in 1946, and was honorary colonel of the LdSH(RC) from 1958 to 1966. He lived in Calgary from 1938 on, was an avid equestrian who took part in horse shows.
KERR, George Fraser
KERR, John Chipman (1887-1963)
Born in Fox River, Nova Scotia, Kerr was serving with the 49th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, at Courcelette, France, on September 16, 1916. Advancing about thirty yards into an enemy position Kerr found himself under attack. Although wounded, Kerr moved along the trench in full view of the enemy. After tossing grenades and firing his rifle at the enemy beneath him, Kerr chased his victims into their dug-out. He took 62 prisoners.
Mount Kerr in Jasper National Park is named after this winner of the Victoria Cross.
KINROSS, Cecil John
Pte. Cecil John Kinross, 21, a farmer-soldier from Lougheed, 180 km southeast of Edmonton, answered the call. The devil-may-care young company runner stipped off all his equipement except his rifle and bandoleer. Oblivious to the threat to his personal
MCKEAN, George Burdon
Mount McKean in Jasper Nation Park is named after this winner of the Victoria Cross.
PATTISON, John George
Mount Pattison in Jasper Nation Park is named after this winner of the Victoria Cross. John George Pattison, 1875-1917
Private Peter Robertson was born October 26, 1883, in Nova Scotia. He had moved to Medicine Hat at the age of 16, taking a job with the C.P.R., later attaining the rank of Engineer. In 1915, he enlisted in the 13th Canadian Mounted Rifles. He was killed at the battle near Pashendeale, and for his selfless devotion to commrades and for his heroic efforts in battle, he received the Victoria Cross.
ZENGEL, Raphael Louis
Mount Zengel in Jasper Nation Park is named after this winner of the Victoria Cross.