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Family History

Confoederatio Helvetica - - - Swiss Confederation

 Switzerland, the Roman province of Helvetia
 1033   The Helvetia becomes part of the Holy Roman Empire.
          Holy Roman Empire, the designation for the political entity that originated at the coronation
          as emperor (962) of the German king Otto I and endured until the renunciation (1806) of the
          imperial title by Francis II. The term itself did not come into usage until several centuries 
         after Otto's accession.
  1291  Formation of a defense league, The League of the Three Forest Cantons,
 the basis of the Swiss Confederation, by cantons (states) of Uri, Schwyz, and
 Henry VII recognizes Swiss League.
 1315   Swiss defeat Leopold of Austria at Morgarten.  The Swiss League renewed.
 1318  Truce between Swiss League and Hapsburgs.
 1332  Lucerne joins Swiss League.
 1351  Zurich joins Swiss League.
 1352  Glarus and Zug join Swiss League.  Austria wars against Zurich.
 1353  Bern joins the Swiss Confederation, which now consists of the 8 old cantons.
 1386  Leopold III of Austria defeated and killed by Swiss at Sempach.
 1388  Swiss defeat Leopold IV of Austria at Nafels.
 1403  Valais joins Swiss League.
 1499  Treaty of Basel grants the Swiss independence.
 1501  Basle and Schaffhausen join the Confederation.
 1513  Appenzell joins the confederation.
 1519  The beginning of the reformation in Switzerland dates from Zwingli's lectures 
 on the New Testament.
1520 The Anabaptists, Protestants who baptized believers only and not infants, 
grew as a movement in Switzerland, Germany and the Netherlands. 
 1524 Ulrich Zwingli abolished the Catholic mass in Zurich.
 1525 The Mennonites, a Protestant branch of the Anabaptists, were established in Zurich
 1526 Zurich threatens followers of Anabaptists with penalty of death. 
 1529 Civil war commenced between Catholic and the Reformed cantons in Switzerland. 
The Catholics were ultimately defeated. 
 1530 Zurich orders death penalty for anyone harboring Anabaptists. 
 1637 Zurich banishes Anabaptists. 
 1648  The Swiss Confederation obtained its formal independence from the Holy 
 Roman   Empire.
 1690 Children of Anabaptist marriages are refused rights of inheritance in Bern. 
 1720 Bern begins branding Anabaptists

 1798  French armies, under Napoleon, swept into Switzerland and established the 
 Helvetic Republic.         Map of Switzerland in 1798
 1803  Swiss cantons regain their independence under terms of the Act of Mediation.
 1815  Switzerland is established as an independent confederation of 22 cantons.
 1848  A civil war (1847) resulted in the transformation of Switzerland into a more 
 centralized federal state (Constitutions of 1848).
 1874  The Constitution of 1874 completes the development of Switzerland to a unified 
 federal state.




 Areas from the canton of Bern attained independence from the Bernese, forming the new canton of Jura.                              


 On 18 April 1999 the Swiss population and the cantons voted in favour of a completely revised federal constitution.

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Last updated: July 9, 2013

Your host Laura Lee Scott

The only assistance I can personally give you is to maintain this website and provide you with links that will be helpful to you. My ancestors came from Switzerland to the United States in the Eighteenth century and I, too, am learning to do research in Europe.
This page copyrighted by Laura Lee Scott 1998 -  2009

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