Dynastic, Political and Economic Timeline of China

Timeline Dynasty Political Economy
23rd century BCE Emperor Yao (legend) Burn and clear agriculture
23rd century BCE Emperor Shun (legend)
21st to 16th century BCE Hsia (Xia) Dynasty
16th to 11th century BCE Shang Dynasty 1600-900 BCE palace civilization (political, religious, military, and economic)
11th century to 771 BCE Western Chou (Zhou) 900-500 BCE aristocratic cities (based on kinship and privileges)
770 to 221 BCE
- 770 to 475 BCE
- 475 to 221 BCE
Eastern Chou (Zhou)
- Spring and Autumn Period
- Warring States Period
500-220 BCE monarchical institutions (centralized state - peasantry, a source of economic and military power)
221 to 206 BCE Chin (Qin) Dynasty
Capital Changan Ch'ang-an [mod Xian Sian]
220 BCE-190 CE conquest of all the former kingdoms(centralization of power favored the palace)
206 BCE to 24 CE Western Han
Capital Changan Ch'ang-an [mod Xian Sian], Luoyang Loyang
9 to 23 CE Jin (Hsin) 7 BCE Permanent Agriculture
25 to 220 CE Eastern Han
220 to 280 CE
- 220 to 265 CE
- 221 to 263 CE
- 222 to 280 CE
Three Kingdoms
- Wei
- Shu
- Wu
265 to 316 CE Western Tsin (Chin) 190-310 CE leaders of independent armies military dictatorship vs growing power of the rich landed families
317 to 420 CE Eastern Tsin (Chin) 310-590 CE non-Chinese kingdoms with governmental and military institutions 3 CE - State Administration of Land state colonies and hereditary military households in Wei

420 to 589 CE

- 420 to 479 CE
- 479 to 502 CE
- 502 to 557 CE
- 557 to 589 CE


- 386 to 534 CE
- 534 to 550 CE
- 535 to 557 CE
- 550 to 577 CE
- 557 to 581 CE
Southern and Northern Dynasties
Southern Dynasties
- Liu Song (Sung)
- Southern Qi (Chi)
- Liang (Ch'enI)
- Qen (Chen)

Northern Dynasties
Northern Wei
Eastern Wei
Western Wei
Northern Qi (Chi)
Northern Zhou (Chou)
581 to 618 CE Sui Dynasty 590-755 CE Sino-barbarian autocracy supervision of properties
618 to 907 CE Tang (T'ang) Dynasty
Capital Changan Ch'ang-an [mod Xian Sian]
755-960 CE Military adventurers divided the Chinese lands 7 C Yangtze River valley becomes the basis of imperial power
907 to 960 CE
- 907 to 923 CE
- 923 to 936 CE
- 936 to 947 CE
- 947 to 950 CE
- 951 to 960 CE
Five Dynasties
- Later Liang
- Later Tang (T'ang)
- Later Tsin (Chin)
- Later Han
- Later Zhou (Chou)
8-12 CE new techniques, water transport, study of nature and science, development of machinery
947-1125 CE Liao 960-1280 CE scholarly families living off agricultural rents
960 to 1127 CE Northern Sung (Song)
Capital Kaifeng
1127 to 1279 CE Southern Sung (Song)
Capital Hangzhou Hangchow
1032 to 1227 CE Western Xia (Hsi-hsia)
1115 to 1234 CE Jin (Chin)
1279 to 1368 CE Yuan Dynasty (Mongol)
Capital Beijing Peking
1280-1370 CE
Big non-Chinese empires eliminated beginning of the thirteenth century by the growing power of the Mongols
14 CE economic development without significant technological change
1368 to 1644 CE Ming Dynasty
Capital Nanjiing Nanking, Beijing Peking
1370-1520 CE very strong autocratic tendencies supervised by means of a secret police
1520-l650 CE serious social and political crisis
1644 to 1911 CE Qing (Ching) Dynasty (Manchu)
Capital Beijing Peking
1650-1800 CE Sinicized peoples overcome the old Chinese governing classes
1800-1900 CE decomposition of state and society, collapse of the economy, and loss of national independence
18 CE expanding Western world-economy swamped China, which had difficulty adjusting
1911 to 1949 CE Republic of China
(Chung Hwa Ming Kuo)
Capital Nanjing Nanking
1900-1950 CE leaders of new armies supported by the foreign powers, then finally swept foreign powers away through the development of peasant militias
1949 CE People's Republic of China
Capital Beijing Peking

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