LGS Past Program Reviews

Longmont Genealogical Society Past Program Reviews
Carolye Johnson

 

LGS Programs 2014


Date

Program Title & Speaker
   
 Jan 8, 2014

Tyler Hancock - National Vice-Chair, Lineage Research presents "Spain's Involvement in the American Revolution" - When most people think of the American Revolution, the New England area is what comes to mind. Automatically, they think of the Boston Tea Party, Lexington and Concord, and Valley Forge. They certainly do not give thought to Spain’s role in helping the colonies secure their independence from Great Britain. In fact, very few people even know that Spain played an integral role. Proving lineage to an American Revolutionary patriot is something familiar to most genealogists.  Many, in fact, have helped in proving lineage for the Daughters of the American Revolution.  But, to prove lineage and service for Spanish patriots is something with which they are not familiar. What types of patriotic service were rendered, what dates are included, and what documents are required to prove lineage and service back to a Spanish patriot? It’s an exciting and rewarding journey to dig into Spain's involvement in the American Revolutionary War.


 Feb 12, 2014

Maria Sutton is the award-winning author of The Night Sky:  A Journey from Dachau to Denver and Back.  Born in the barracks of Germany’s former Wehrmacht command center, which had been converted to house Europe’s Displaced Persons after WWII, she immigrated to America in 1951, along with her Mother, Step-father, and sister.  At age 13, she overheard a conversation that led her on a worldwide search for a stranger named Josef Kurek.  Her book, The Night Sky:  A Journey from Dachau to Denver and Back is the culmination of her 43-year search for her biological father, who disappeared shortly after her birth in war-torn Germany.  Without knowing the spelling of his name, nor his date and place of birth, Maria was able to find him – proving that with unwavering determination, anything is possible. Maria graduated from the University of Colorado with a Bachelor of Science in Finance and Accounting and has also attended the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.  She has been employed by the U. S. government in several capacities throughout her Federal career, receiving many awards for her writing and investigative skills. The above title is available from Johnson Books, an imprint of Big Earth Publishing.  Her memoir will be translated into several languages, including German, Polish, and Ukrainian. Maria and her family reside in Golden, Colorado.


 Mar 12, 2014

"The African Experiences of Hayes Perkins" - presented by John Martin. In this continuation of a talk given to the Longmont Genealogical Society in November 2011, John will present an illustrated overview of the African travels of Hayes Perkins, his first cousin thrice removed. Google Earth maps drawn from Hayes Perkins five-volume diary will trace Perkins paths through: West Africa to a logging camp on the Niger River (1906-07); North Africa down the Nile to the Heart of Africa Mission (1913-1915); Central Africa to the diamond mining fields of the Congo (1918-1920); Southern Africa by rail North from Durban following the path of journalist Isaac Marcosson (1923); the width of the continent east to west from Mombasa to Matadi (1927-28); and, finally, the Sahara from Algiers to Ft. Lamy (1952). Further information on the worldwide travels of Hayes Perkins can be found at the website http://hayeshereandthere.com/. John Martin retired from teaching mathematics at the University of Colorado in 2011 to take up farming full-time at Stonebridge Farm CSA.


 Apr 9, 2014

Castle Garden --Immigrant Reception Center in New York, 1855-1890 by Presenter: Carol Cooke Darrow, CG. Castle Garden was opened by the city of New York to provide a safe immigrant reception center for the 8 million people who came to the United States between 1855 and 1890 through New York City. Carol will review some immigrant history, the story of Castle Garden, the processing of immigrants that took place there, and the available records for this important location. Carol Cooke Darrow has been a certified genealogist since 2005. She is the past president of the Colorado Genealogical Society and has written a book on researching tax records. Visit her website at www.unravelingyourpast.net.


May 14, 2014

"Images of America: History and Genealogy of the towns named Highlandlake and Mead as early as 1871” - Pauli Driver Smith has lived in Highlandlake for the past 30 years and has intimate knowledge of local family trees. She was able to digitize over 5,000 photos borrowed from townspeople, as well as documenting historical information and delightful stories. Early residents were ambitious in the usual occupations of the late 1800s.  These settlers were also well educated. It wasn’t long before they established a school, church and lending library. Women residents promoted women’s suffrage, supporting Colorado as the second state to give women the vote. Church members hired a woman pastor. Both men and women served on the school board. In contrast, in January of 1990, scenes were filmed at Highland Lake for the movie “Die Hard II” using area buildings and scenery.


June 11, 2014

Dina Carson presents - "Non-Population US Census Schedules 1850-1880: Agricultural, Industry, Mortality, Slaves, Social Statistics, State, School and other Specialized Census Records." The Census Bureau has been collecting more than personal data since 1810 when they started asking questions about how things were made in the United States. By 1850 they had established six separate schedules to gather data on the population, slaves, mortality, agriculture, manufacturing and social statistics. While these schedules are not as helpful for typical genealogical tasks such as establishing relationships, they are helpful for learning about how and ancestor lived. Census schedules can help you find pensioners and veterans. If you have Native American ancestry, the Indian Census Schedules are invaluable. It wasn't only the Federal government that collected census data, so did states, some cities, school districts and others. If you have only been using the Federal Census Schedules to find your family, you may be missing some valuable information. Join us and learn what else you can learn from these special Censuses.


July 10, 2014

Summer Pot Luck - Starts at 12:00 NOON! Bring a Dish to share & your own eating utensils. Society will furnish  the drinks. Don't miss the wonderful food, good company and festive spirit of this fun event. There will be a short presentation by Margaret Kamigaki on what's on our web site after lunch. Be thinking of other things we might post there!


August 13, 2014

Pat Roberts presents - "Probate Research" - The probate talk tells what probate is, the process gone through, and how to locate the records. Pat is a former present of the Boulder Genealogical Society and the Colorado Council of Genealogy Societies and an excellent teacher. She also teaches a series of genealogy classes through SeniorNet at Longmont Front Range Community College.


September 10 2014

 Paul Flanders presents - "Misperceptions and Mischaracterizations prior to the American Civil War." Northern and Southern activists built a hatred for each other through mischaracterizations based on misperceptions of the other region.  Southerners believed their slave-based economy to be a superior lifestyle, and they didn’t want to be criticized by northern abolitionists. They felt they had to revolt in order to not have their lifestyle destroyed.    Paul Flanders taught high school history and English for 33 years, then retired and found time to pursue old and new fascinations. They include writing fiction, storytelling, giving talks to community groups, playing competitive bridge and not-so-competitive tennis, serving as a Court Appointed Special Advocate (CASA), as well as other endeavors. 


 October 8, 2014

Denny L. Hopper is a life member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, the American Legion, the F.B.I. National Academy Associates and other professional organizations. He is currently the President of the Longs Peak Chapter of the Colorado Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. He is a descendant of the Revolutionary War Patriots, Harmon Hopper, Thomas Goin, Conrad Keck, Heinrick Keck, Thomas Brooks, Eli McVay, John McVay, John Lynch, Aaron Lynch, John Owsley, John Barton, William Kirk, Robert Ellison, Nicolas Cain, James Allison, Griffen Stallings, Moses Bartlett, and the War of 1812 Patriots Michael Shoffner and George Sharp. Several of his published genealogical works include: Deep in the Holler – Hopper and Kin of Leatherwood - Claiborne and Union Counties; The Tall Grass – Plow Shares and Fertile Soil – Early Settlers of Kansas and Nebraska and their Descendants. He currently lives northwest of Boulder, Colorado where he continues his investigative research and writing.  His talk will give us information on how to search for our own Patriots and learn more about the Colorado National Guard. Be sure to bring your husband and male friends - this program is sure to catch their interest and inspire them to begin their own patriotic search!


November 12, 2014

Sandstone, St. Vrain and the Sand Creek Massacre" presented by Harry Ross. The year 1864 was a significant year for residents of the St. Vrain Valley, especially Morse Coffin, who was an eye-witness to the "incident" at a peaceful Indian village in southeastern Colorado. "All history is Local" if you know where and how to find it.”   


December 10, 2014

Christmas Pot Luck Bring a Dish to share & your own eating utensils. Society will furnish  the drinks. Don't miss the wonderful food, good company and festive spirit of this event. One of our  favorites - Jon Chandler will be back with more of his stories and wonderful music. Put this on your calendar cuz' you won't want to miss it. Bring a friend to enjoy the program and great food with you.  Elections for 2015 officers and board committee members will be held. Be sure to attend and use your privilege as a member to vote!
 

 

LGS Programs 2013

Date

Program Title & Speaker


9 Jan 2013

"Photos - Dating and Identifying Heritage Photos" - By Patricia (Jordan) Roberts. 30+ years genealogical experience. Researcher, teacher, lecturer and writer.  Active in many national, state and local genealogy societies. Past president of CCGS and Boulder Genealogical Society. Graduate of University of Colorado with major in English and minor in History. Attended summer sessions at the University of Iowa Writer's Institute and Samford University's Institute for Genealogical Research. Attended the Salt Lake Genealogical Institute and the British Genealogical Institute several times. Frequently attends the National Genealogical Society's annual national conferences. Has been a delegate to the annual conferences of the Federation of Genealogical Societies for a number of years. Currently Education Chair for the Boulder Genealogical Society and the Lineage Specialist for the Denver Chapter - DAR.


13 Feb 2013

Diane Barbour, PLCGS  presented: “Early Eastern Migration; The Roads to Expansion.” Diane talked about the growth of America from colonial times to 1900. She discussed roads mostly along the east coast, including the Boston Post Road, The King's Highway, the Fall Line Road, The Upper Road, The Pioneer's Road, Mohawk Trail (Iroquois Trail), Braddock's road, Forbes Trail and the Wilderness Road. She explained why they were built and their effect on early expansion to the Midwest.  Diane showed many maps which helped us see where each of the roads were located and when and why they were built. She also recommended "Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War by Nathaniel Philbrick to help us understand the struggles of the early American settlers.  Diane has been doing genealogy for about 12 years. She is currently serving as the vice-president of Boulder Genealogy Society, Membership Chair for the Broomfield Genealogy Society, and the projects manager for the Colorado Council of Genealogical Societies. She also writes a column for W.I.S.E Words. Their web site can be found at W.I.S.E Family History.


9 Mar  2013

Anne Dyni has been writing columns and articles about local Niwot history since 1997. Anne's book of selected pieces from her "Yesterday's News" column printed in the Left Hand Valley Courier, she tells the story of Niwot, a town founded just two years after the first railroad tracks were laid in Boulder County. Her columns spawn from research into local documents, post office archives, early maps of the area, old city directories and cemetery records, newspapers, and oral and family histories. From early town development and growth to personal sketches of community leaders and glimpse of the everyday life of past residents, Located just south of Longmont, Niwot's historic railroad past is sure to be interesting to all our members.


10 Apr 2013

Carol Cooke Darrow presents - "Immigration and Naturalization Records." Making the decision to leave your home country was a wrenching choice between leaving a difficult but known situation and moving into an unknown world.  Taking the next step to naturalization meant giving up all allegiance to that home country. Carol Cooke Darrow is a certified genealogist and lecturer in the Denver area. She is the co-author of The Genealogist's Guide to Researching Tax Records and past president of the Colorado Genealogical Society.


May 8, 2013

Carol Stetser presents - "Chasing Collaterals: Finding Your Ancestors Without Looking for them." Family historians often limit their research to their “core” family, which means direct ancestors only. While this may seem to make research simpler, our ancestors didn’t live in a vacuum. They had aunts and uncles, cousins and friends and acquaintances, just like we do today. This presentation focuses on how to look for collateral relatives and shows how collateral research can solve tough genealogical puzzles that would block direct ancestor research. Carol is an avid genealogist who has served in various capacities for the Larimer County Genealogical Society. In addition to researching her own family, Carol volunteers as the researcher for LCGS and volunteers online to help out-of-area researchers find records for their families. She also gives presentations on various aspects of genealogical research and writes “how-to” articles for “Fifty Plus Marketplace” newsletter. Recently, Carol participated in a series of genealogy television programs for Larimer County Genealogical Society. In addition, Carol is the secretary for the Swedish Genealogical Society of Colorado and is presently participating in a cemetery program for her local DAR chapter.


Jun 12, 2013

Carol Norberg - "The Volga Deutsch:  Germans from Russia in Colorado." This presentation will focus on Germans from Russia who immigrated to Colorado in the late 1800s-early 1900s.  The colonization of Russia in the mid-1700’s is a fascinating story of challenge and survival. The history is told through a biography of one young woman’s experiences as she left the safety of a homeland she had always known to become a happy, healthy and productive citizen in the United States of America. Carol is a retired educator currently working as a part-time policy analyst/lobbyist for the Colorado Association of Gifted Children. Carol’s interest in genealogy was inspired by her mother’s history as an immigrant from the Volga Deutsch colony of Saratov, Ukraine.  She began documenting this history in 1976 with interviews of her mother and father.  Through her studies with the National Genealogical Society she has produced a formal biography of her mother. She has researched a number of family trees and she created a beginner’s genealogy class, Roots and Leaves, for the Thornton Senior Center. In addition to her membership in the National Genealogical Society she is a member of the Association of Professional Genealogists and is currently forming a new business, O.A.K.S. Genealogy. She is a founding member of the newly formed Adams County Genealogical Society and serves as secretary to that organization. o.a.k.s.llc.@gmail.com


 Jul 10, 2013

Summer Pot Luck Bring a Dish to share & your own eating utensils. Society will furnish  the drinks. Don't miss the wonderful food, good company and festive spirit of this fun event. This is also a fun time for "Bring & Brag." Bring any projects you have done that you think will be of interest to the members! Old photos, family books, genealogies - all are welcome. Table will be set up in the back of the room to display the items.


 Aug 14, 2013

Dorothy Coltrin presents - "How I managed to transcribe a Scottish testament (will) of  1580." Dorothy will discuss what it took to transcribe "secretary hand" which was used in the 16th century of Scotland. She will include various individuals and websites that helped her create a modern version of the will and decipher the family structure of Rolland Acoltrane, Mochrum Parish, Wigtownshire, Scotland. Dorothy has an MS in Nutrition and taught at a California community college for 30 years.  She started genealogy research about 6 years ago and it has become her passion. She has been secretary for the Boulder Genealogical Society, treasurer of CCGS and is currently the membership chair for Boulder Genealogical Society.  She is a member of NEHGS , Boulder Genealogical Society and WISE. The photo above is of Dorothy and her  great-grandfather: Zebedee Coltrin(1804-1887).


 Sep 11, 2013

Julie Miller - "Post Office Records" are full of genealogical riches. This lecture will  discuss Post Office records, their contents, and how to access these  underutilized records. Julie is a certified genealogists and a full time genealogy  researcher, lecturer, and writer. She is a founding member of Broomfield  Genealogy Society and wrote the genealogy column for the Broomfield  Enterprise for ten years. Julie is Vice President of the National Genealogical Society (NGS), 2010 and 2012 NGS Conference Chair, Broomfield  County GenWeb Coordinator and has been a volunteer at the National  Archives at Denver for over 15 years. She is a favorite speaker at LGS and we look forward to hearing her speak again.


 Oct 9, 2013

Roger Dudley - "Maps that can be used in learning more about family history and how to find them." Roger  is a second generation native of Colorado. He has been tracking his family since 1974. His great grandfather was given the honor of naming a community in eastern Colorado when a post office was established there. Despite its isolated location Karval is still an active post office and is the site of the Kravig family reunion every four years. Both sets of his great grandparents homesteaded in eastern Colorado after the Enlarged Homestead Act was signed and spent the rest of their lives in Colorado. He’s a member of the Colorado Genealogical Society; two Norwegian lags (Numedal and Sigdal); the Sons of Norway; the American Association of State and Local History, The Colorado Historical Society, The Lincoln County Historical Society. He is also an archivist & reference librarian at the Denver Public Library in the Western History/Genealogy Department. Roger has presented to the NGS Conference in the States and dozens of genealogical and community groups in Colorado and Wyoming.


 Nov 13, 2013

Dr. Kayann Short's presentation “Turning Memories into Stories", will share selections from her book, A Bushel’s Worth, to discuss using narrative techniques to write personal and family stories for genealogy. "A Bushel's Worth: An Ecobiography," will be published in August  of 2013. A retired senior instructor from the University of Colorado, she teaches ecobiography workshops and works with writing students at her farm in Colorado. (See more about ecobiography or ecology-based memoir at www.ecobiography.com.) She also blogs about women's writing, memoir, farming, and "rounding the fullness of 50" at pearlmoonplenty.wordpress.com. We enjoyed learning about her digital stories which can be seen at www.vimeo.com/user3226450 in February 2011 and look forward to hearing her speak again.


 Dec 11, 2013

 

Jon ChandlerChristmas Pot Luck - Bring a Dish to share & your own eating utensils. Society will furnish  the drinks. Don't miss the wonderful food, good company and festive spirit of this fun event. Jon Chandler will entertain us following lunch. Jon has strong family ties to Longmont, is a writer, singer and speaker par excellence. Don't miss the opportunity to hear him sing and tell us his latest stories.

 

LGS Programs 2012


11 Jan 2012

Ted Bainbridge - "Finding Civil War Soldiers on the Internet"  Step-by-step how to find out if any of your relatives served on either side.  Ted taught us that finding your Civil Ward ancestors is a 2-step process. Step 1 -  Use index sites; Step 2 - Then move on to specialty sites. He included in his handout numerous web sites to help us in our search. To download  a List of Ted's more than 820 clickable links to Civil War information click here. The best way to use the file is to download it and save it to your computer. When you get ready to look for your Civil War ancestors' on the sites Ted has listed, open the file and click on the link you want. Good luck hunting for and finding them. Enjoy the process and what you learn as you search!


8 Feb 2012

Larry Dodge  - Attacking the “BOX” All that stuff you inherited.   Larry gave a great presentation on getting your “box” in order. He had some great ideas on how to create an index numbering system to keep track of all the genealogy treasures you have. His philosophy is to only touch each item once. Do not pick up something that you are going to do something with and then lay it aside thinking, “I’ll come back to that.” Only touch it once! It’s in your hands now, do something with it now.


14 Mar 2012

This month our speaker, Dina Carson, discussed “Stolen Stuff and Misplaced Missives” copyrights, Permissions and a Plagiarism Refresher.” It was a great refresher course, and for some of us, a first look at, copyright laws. She reminded us that items created before 1923 are now in the public domain, along with anything created by the federal government at any given point in time. However, we must be very mindful of items created after 1923 and the copyright laws under which they were created.


11 Apr 2012

Once again, we enjoyed another great presentation from Carol Cooke Darrow on “Why Did They Do What They Did? Social and Cultural Influences on our Ancestors,” She spoke on how our ancestors, just like us, are affected by their belief system, the laws, religion, and historic events of their time. We are constantly looking for the reason they did what they did in order to better understand them. Because knowing when they were born, where they lived, and when they died is just not enough. See more about Carol at her web site Unraveling the Past.


5 May 2012

May 5th Seminar - "Getting to the Roots of Your Family"

If you missed out on this terrific event, please click  here to 

Download the Syllabus with handouts from all the classes!

 


 9 May 2012

"Welcome to the Wonderful World of Directories" - By Pat Johnson. Pat taught us about directories and discussed all the wonderful things that directories can tell us about our ancestors. She told us that directories are a much overlooked source that can provide us much insight.


13 June 2012

Harry Ross, a longtime member of our Society and Past President gave an informative program on "Three groups of British citizens who immigrated to America were genetically similar but culturally extremely different. They were: THE SCOTS, THE IRISH AND THE SCOTS-IRISH!" Harry explained the differences between the groups, why they were called by their particular name and where they were located. He used maps to help us actually see the locations and make a connection to the group he was discussing. His program really demonstrated not only the various groups of interest, but the value of using maps in genealogy research.


July 2012

Our annual summer potluck was enjoyed and was followed by the bonus of "Historic Voices: Bringing Genealogy to Life" by Joyce B. Lohse. Joyce told us that it is important to find the voice of your ancestors in order to make them life-like. Some of the ways to find their voice is through newspaper articles, photographs, diaries, letters, etc. And if you’re not an expert in an area that your ancestors might have experienced in their life (such as working on a railroad), find an expert that is willing to advise you on that specific topic.


10 Aug 2012

 


14 Sep 2012

 


12 Oct 2012

 


Nov 2012  


Dec 2012

Christmas Pot Luck


LGS Programs 2011

Date

Program Title & Speaker


12 Jan 2011

Linda Tate read excerpts from her book, “Power in the Blood,” about her Armstrong and Preston families in Trigg County, Kentucky. She explained how she went about researching the book, even though she did not have any previous experience with genealogical research. The blend of facts and fiction created a story that made the characters colorful and interesting. This book would certainly make a good read.


9 Feb 2011

This month the program was  “Share Your Family History with Digital Storytelling" by Dr. Kayann Short. She showed some samples of how you can turn a family story into a 3-5 minute digital production complete with photos and music. Dr. Short can be reached at  http://vimeo.com/12541154


9 Mar 2011

"Successful Research Techniques to Find your Ancestor's Town or City" - Location, location, location was the message of the presentation by Carol Darrow. She stressed how important it is to find out everything you can about the place(s) where you ancestor lived. Using items such as the Census, maps, Redbook and various websites you should be able to get a feel for where your family spent their lives and what living there was all about. Carol can be reached at http://past.righttouchcmt.com


13 Apr 2011 "Meet, Mary Elizabeth Bader Arbuthnot, a Boulder Pioneer." Donlyn Arbuthnot was in period dress as her great-grandmother, May Elizabeth Bader Arbuthnot. She told how the Bader family came from Baden, Germany to Ohio, Iowa and finally, Colorado. She also told how her husband, William “Carson” Arbuthnot’s family came from Scotland to Pennsylvania, Iowa and on to Colorado. Donlyn was very convincing as her great-grandmother and provided a very enjoyable program. Donlyn can be reached at http://www.homesteadorigins.com/

11 May 2011 This month Pat Johnson presented “Not Your Grandmother’s Genealogy.” She showed how the hunt for our ancestors has really changed since the advent of the computer. There were many free websites and blogs that Pat showed us. The presentation presented efficient ways to use some of the many resources at Rootsweb, GenForum, Google and the use of Blogs. Pat can be reached at http://genpatty.blogspot.com/

8 Jun 2011

Walt Akeson, a member of our Society, presented the program, “Land Records Reveal Your Family History or Your Family’s Dirt.” He told of differences in legal descriptions, means of transfer, the corresponding records, and the importance of a good may (if available). Walt included information on researching land records at the National Archives. He also held a workshop at the Longmont Family History Center the following week to provide attendees with hands-on experience.


13 Jul 2011

“Looking for Grandpa’s Island” was the story related by Pam Faro. Imagine trying to find your grandpa’s island amongst the many islands along the coast of Norway with all the fjords – with very sparse information and limited time. It was a delightful story and her mission was accomplished. Pam can be reached at www.pamfaro.com


10 Aug 2011 Genealogy Society members were privileged to learn of the many free subscriptions sites available at the Longmont Family History Center on their computers’ FamilySearch Portal. Four of our members, Neils Hansen, Diana Ornstead, Ted Bainbridge and Margaret Kamigaki summarized several of the sites on the portal, giving the strengths and weaknesses of each site. It was a wealth of information and we thank them for their presentations.

14 Sep 2011 Cari Taplin introduced us all to Evernote and showed us the possibilities for getting organized in our personal lives and how to use the program to organize our genealogy research. You can sync your Evernote  Account between your computer, your smart phone and the Internet. So you’re never without the opportunity to organize, organize, organize.Cari can be reached at: http://carigenealogy.wordpress.com.

12 Oct 2011 Family History from a British perspective,” was presented by Rowan Reynolds, a Monument, CO resident for only two years. Her inclusion of British history provided us with an excellent background. She emphasized the importance of including stories with the pictures if we are fortunate enough to have had storytellers in our family. She recited possible sources of records in British research and perhaps date discrepancies because of the calendar change in their history. Her handout included a timeline indication changes in Parish Records and in the Census.

9 Nov 2011 Buzzy Jackson: "Shaking The Family Tree" - Buzzy is a nationally known genealogist, an author of two books and many other writing projects. She said, “everyone is from an old family—mine just wrote it down.” She advised us to start with ourselves and write down everything we know about our family. Interview living relatives, the oldest ones first and hope we haven’t waited too long. Use the Web “wisely,” befriend a librarian and a local genealogical society, and then dig deeper by going on genealogical cruises, road trips, and maybe even by using DNA. Buzzy can be reached at www.buzzyjackson.com

14 Dec 2011 Arbuthnot, Donlyn as Widow Phoebe Steele, presented "Christmas at the Grange" - Dressed and acting as the widow she presented the history of the Altona Grange which was formed in 1871 by seven of the homesteaders in that area, including her family. The mission of the Grange was to support rural America. All members had to be farmers, which was later changed. Boys and girls could be members at age 14 and everyone was welcome except railroad men. Donlyn had a collection of typical toys the boys and girls received for Christmas and showed us how the worked. The Grange worked to develop the Rural Free Delivery. www.homesteadorigins.com

  

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updated 12/27/2014