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Travels of the SS Thomas Cresap

The SS Thomas Cresap was a World War II era Liberty Ship named for our ancestor.

These logs were transcribed for the web by Society Board Member Nina (Cresap) Higgins.

N.B. -- for the non-naval reader, "roads" is terminology used for a large, natural port and is entirely water-borne.

                  "LOG" OF THE SS. THOMAS CRESAP
                           Voyage No. 7
           From December 10, 1944 to February 19, 1945

    MASTER: F. Schloss           ENGINEER: William Hundertmack

New York - 12-10-44   1-2-45; cargo loaded, 1635 tons (Rolling stock).
Marseille - 1-23-1945   1-27-45; cargo discharged, 1635 tons; 
	     embarked 284 French Colonial troops 
Oran - 1-30-45   2-1-45; disembarked 284 French Colonial troops.
New York - 2 19-45 (arrival)              Length of voyage 72 days

     On January 30, 1945, on entering Oran Harbor to land troops, 
Liberty Ship, ROBERT TOOMBS, by disregarding our signal and 
temporary blocking of harbor entrance, almost caused a serious 
collision. It was avoided by the SS. THOMAS CRESAP going full 
speed astern and dropping port anchor.  We, as the entering ship, 
had the right of way. 
     While waiting for tug boats, on February 20, 1945, at 0947, 
ebb tide and traffic set ship on shoal extending to westward of 
Governor's Island in New York Harbor.  Fifty minutes later ship 
freed with assistance of tug boats, "Dauntless" and "Marion 
     December 16, 1944, vessel drydocked at Bethlehem Shipyard, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

                           Voyage No. 8
 From February 20, 1945 to may 7, 1945   Length of voyage 76 days

   MASTER: F. Schloss           ENGINEER: William Hundertmack
New York - 2-20-45   3-9-45; cargo loaded, 5596 tons rations & vehicles
St. Helens Roads - 3-24-45   3-24-45; off Isle of Wight to join 
                   cross channel shuttle convoy. 
Le Havre - 3-25-1945   4-19-45; cargo discharged, 2468 tons. 
Rouen - 4-10-1945   4-19-1945; cargo discharged, 3128 tons; 
        embarked 742 German prisoners and 33 U. S. guards.
Cowes Roads - 4-20-1945   4-22-1945
New York - 5-7-1945 - arrival; debarked 742 POW, and 33 U. S. 

     Rouen, France, April 18, 1945, at 1300 (R.D.S.T.), began the 
herding of German prisoners of war on the foredeck of the SS. 
THOMAS CRESAP. At 1400 742 ragged supermen were off the French 
soil. Most of these prisoners were captured in the Achen area 
sometime during November.  Only four profess knowledge of English 
and act as interpreters.  All are anxious to work which entitles 
them to extra food. Rations consist of corned beef hash, 
sauerkraut, potatoes, bread, coffee, etc.  
     Military escort in charge of 1st Lt. Joseph B. Farrar, whose 
home is in Amelia, Va. 
     New York, May 8, 1945 (V-E DAY).  All prisoners of war 
landed in Weehawken.       

Originally published in the CRESAP SOCIETY Bulletin of December, 1945
Reprinted in October, 1988

The following update was Published in THE CRESAP SOCIETY BULLETIN 
of February, 1949: 

                  THE SS. THOMAS CRESAP TO DATE

     Upon completion of discharge of inward cargo for voyage 15 
on July 21, 1947 at Philadelphia, the vessel sailed to Baltimore 
to commence loading for Beirut and Persian Gulf ports.  Loading 
was continued at Philadelphia and completed at New York from 
whence the vessel sailed on August 6, 1947 with 5535 tons of 
general cargo, steel beams and trucks.  Arriving at Beirut on 
August 25, 1947, 52 tons were discharged; arrived at Bahrein on 
September 6, 1947 and finally completed discharge in the Persian 
Gulf area at Ras Tanura on October 23, 1947.  After discharge of 
the ore the vessel was moved to Maryland Yard and underwent 
drydocking, inspections and routine repairs, finally completing 
on January 11, 1948 and ready for her next voyage. 
     After loading at Baltimore, Norfolk and Philadelphia, vessel 
completed loading 4099 tons of general cargo for the Hawaiian 
Islands at New York and sailed on January 24, 1948.  She arrived 
at Honolulu on February 18, 1948 and commenced discharge; called 
at Port Allen, Kahului, Hilo to complete discharge and load 6211 
tons of pineapple and canec for the United States.  Vessel sailed 
from Hilo on March 4, 1948 after calls at Boston and 
     Vessel sailed from Baltimore on April 15, 1948 to New 
Orleans to commence loading 4459 tons of grain for Jeddah, Ras 
Tanura and India and 274 tons of general cargo, and finally 
completed loading of general cargo at Houston and sailed with a 
total tonnage of 8799 tons. 
     Vessel arrived at Jeddah on May 30, 1948 and discharged 3026 
tons.  She arrived at Ras Tanura on June 11, 1948 and discharged 
1108 tons, sailing on June 17, 1948 for Bombay, Madras and 
Calcutta to complete discharge.  Loaded 4303 tons of burlap and 
general cargo for the United States and 422 tons for Istanbul and 
Piraeus, sailed on July 26, 1948 for Colombo where 40 tons more 
of general cargo were loaded.  Vessel arrived at Savannah on 
September 10, 1948 and completed discharge at Houston on 
September 22, 1948. 
     After drydocking and repairs at Galveston, vessel loaded 
7860 tons of general cargo at Houston, New Orleans and New York, 
sailing from New York on October 16, 1948 for India. 
     Vessel arrived at Bombay on November 21, 1948 to commence 
discharge and sailed for Calcutta on December 15, 1948; arrived 
Calcutta December 24, 1948. After completion of discharge vessel 
is scheduled to load for United States South Atlantic and Gulf 
ports and is expected to arrive at the first port of discharge 
about March 1, 1949. 
     Upon completion of present voyage 19, the S/S THOMAS CRESAP 
will have sailed over 250,000 miles and carried some 115,000 tons 
of cargo to foreign ports; returning with over 30,000 tons to the 
United States. 
     This vessel has been under the command of six different 
masters.  Captain G. Jonsson who first commanded the vessel is 
presently the Commodore of the Isthmian Fleet.  Captain S. Cook 
is now deceased; Captain F. Schloss is now Assistant Marine 
Superintendent at the Isthmian New Orleans Office.  The other 
three captains are still serving the Isthmian Fleet as masters.