City of Derby
New Haven County
Connecticut

History of the Colony of New Haven Connecticut



History of the Colony of New Haven to it's Absorption into Connecticut
by Edward Elias Atwater

Published: New Haven, Printed for the author, 1881

Introduction



Introduction    Chapt. 1-2    Chapt. 3-5    Chapt. 6-8   
Chapt. 9-10    Chapt. 11-12    Chapt. 13-14    Chapt. 15-16   
Chapt. 17    Chapt. 18-19    Chapt. 20-21    Appendix 1-7

History of the Colony

of New Haven

to it's absorption into

Connecticut


by Edward E. Atwater


New Haven
1881




CONTENTS:

PREFACE.

CHAPTER I (1).
CONDITION OF ENGLAND IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, AS IT AFFECTED THE PURITAN EMIGRATION IN GENERAL

CHAPTER II (2).
EVENTS WHICH INFLUENCED SOME OF THE FIRST PLANTERS OF NEW HAVEN TO REMOVE FROM THEIR NATIVE LAND TO NEW ENGLAND

CHAPTER III (3).
THE VOYAGE OF THE HECTOR

CHAPTER IV (4).
THE WINTER SPENT IN MASSACHUSETTS

CHAPTER V (5).
THE FIRST YEAR AT QUINNIPIAC

CHAPTER VI (6).
FOUNDATIONS LAID IN CHURCH AND STATE

CHAPTER VII (7).
DIVISION OF LAND

CHAPTER VIII (8).
THE PERSONNEL OF THE PLANTATION

CHAPTER IX (9).
MILFORD - GUILFORD - SOUTHOLD - STAMFORD

CHAPTER X (10).
ESTABLISHMENT OF A COLONIAL GOVERNMENT

CHAPTER XI (11).
INDUSTRIAL PURSUITS

CHAPTER XII (12).
RELIGION AND MORALS

CHAPTER XIII (13).
LEARNING

CHAPTER XIV (14).
MILITARY AFFAIRS

CHAPTER XV (15).
THE ABORIGINES

CHAPTER XVI (16).
DOMESTIC AND SOCIAL LIFE

CHAPTER XVII (17).
HISTORY OF THE COLONIAL GOVERNMENT TO THE RESTORATION OF THE STUARTS

CHAPTER XVIII (18).
THE STUARTS AND THE REGICIDES

CHAPTER XIX (19).
CONNECTICUT PROCURES A CHARTER WHICH COVERS THE TERRITORY OF NEW HAVEN

CHAPTER XX (20).
CONTROVERSY WITH CONNECTICUT

CHAPTER XXI (21).
NEW HAVEN SUBMITS

APPENDIX I (1).
AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MICHAEL WIGGLESWORTH

APPENDIX II (2).
LETTER OF NATHANAEL ROWE TO JOHN WINTHROP

APPENDIX III (3).
LAMBERTON'S SHIP

APPENDIX IV (4).
SEATING THE MEETING-HOUSE

APPENDIX V (5).
HOPKINS GRAMMAR SCHOOL.

APPENDIX VI (6).
NEW HAVEN'S REMONSTRANCE

APPENDIX VII (7).
NEW HAVEN'S CASE STATED



Page iii

PREFACE

THE author cannot better express the feelings which have prompted him to study and write the history of the Colony of New Haven, than by appropriating the following words of Dr. Trumbull:-

"No man of genius and curiosity can read accounts of the origin of nations, the discovery, settlement, and progress of new countries, without a high degree of entertainment. But in the settlement of his own country, in the lives of his ancestors, in their adventures, morals, jurisprudence, and heroism, he feels himself particularly interested. He at once becomes a party in them affairs, and travels and converses with them with a kind of filial delight. While he beholds them braving the horrors of the desert, the terrors of the savage, the distresses of famine and war, he admires their courage, and is pleased with all their escapes from danger, and all their progress in settlement, population, opulence, literature, and happiness."

Deeply interested in the early history of New Haven, he thought that by imparting the information which many desire, but few have leisure to glean from the wide field over which it is scattered, he might do some service to the community in which he lives. He feels assured that many descendants of the

Page iv

Christian Englishmen who first brought the light of civilization to these shores will be interested in his work. He hopes that some whose ancestors came hither at a later period, and others who though born in foreign lands have chosen New Haven as their home, and learned to love it, will gladly acquaint themselves with the men by whose toil and heroism this goodly heritage was cut out of a wilderness.

The fulness of the records, both of the town and of the colony of New Haven, makes it possible to present the first planters as, in large measure, the narrators of their own history. The author, preferring that they should speak for themselves, has made large extracts from their records and from other contemporary writings. The town records of New Haven for the first ten years are in print, and the manuscript records of the next sixteen years have been carefully read. The records of other towns within the colony, being less accessible to the author, have not been so thoroughly examined: they are, how ever, but meagre as compared with those of New Haven. Ralph D. Smith diligently searched those of Guilford, and Lambert those of Milford; and their, histories have been freely used.

Introducing the fathers of the New Haven Colony, and forbearing for the most part both eulogy and censure, the author has left them to make, with their own words, such impression as they may. He does not conceal his admiration of them; he does not claim that they were faultless: he desires to present them just as they were.

His first thought was to allow every person to appear in his own orthography; but on further reflection, he concluded to give

Page v

a few specimens of the phonetic spelling of the seventeenth century, and then, by reducing all quotations to present usage, to deliver his readers from the difficulty of interpreting incident to the ancient lawlessness. Accordingly the certificate of conformity which Davenport received the first Sunday after his induction at St. Stephen's is printed on page 30 as it was written; as are also the first two documents in the Appendix.

In recording an event which took place between the first day of January and the twenty-fifth day of March, the year has been written according to New Style, or else both styles are given but the days in a month are in all cases numbered according to the ancient computation. The use of Old Style as applied to days will occasion little if any trouble to the reader. Even if he forgets that, according to our way of reckoning, the event took place ten days later, his misconception will not be very important. But to record in Old Style an event which happened in the early part of the modern year, without intimating that the year needed correction, might seriously mislead.

Reference has not always been made to the original authority, in confirmation of a particular statement. Such references' may be useful to the specialist, but when frequent are annoying to most readers. Public records have been sufficiently indicated as authority for information derived from that source, and any item acquired by gleaning from the collections of Historical Societies is definitely referred to the volume from which it was taken. But references to Winthrop's Journal, Hubbard's History of New England, Mather's Magnalia, and Hutchinson's History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, have been for the most part omitted, for the reason that the specialist can readily

Page vi

find whatever these writers have transmitted to us concerning any particular event.

To all who in answer to his inquiries have aided the author in the compilation of this history, he presents his grateful acknowledgments. A special tribute is due to one who has passed suddenly and peacefully into the invisible world since this preface was begun. Henry White was, of all men, the most learned in antiquarian lore pertaining to New Haven. Other occupations obliged him to relinquish his long-cherished design of writing a topographical history of his native town; but historical inquiries were to the last his recreation and delight. He took a deep interest in the author's work as soon as he knew that it had been undertaken, encouraged him to believe that- it would be a pleasure to converse frequently concerning it, and on one occasion spent days in such a search of the land- records as only he was competent to make. In the last interview which the author had with him, he gave vocal expression to a desire already evident, exclaiming with animation, "I wish I could help you more."

NEW HAVEN, October, 1880.



History of the Colony of New Haven - End of Introduction

Introduction    Chapt. 1-2    Chapt. 3-5    Chapt. 6-8   
Chapt. 9-10    Chapt. 11-12    Chapt. 13-14    Chapt. 15-16   
Chapt. 17    Chapt. 18-19    Chapt. 20-21    Appendix 1-7


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