Next to the Weser estuary is the two-city state. Two cities, one state:
Bremen and Bremerhaven, 65 km apart.The old merchant city and the young
maritime town constitute the smallest german state in terms of both area
(400 sqkm) and population (660 000).
The current Constitution of the State is from 1947 and was revised in 1995.
District Organization (Kreise/counties, Städte/towns, Stadtteile/municipal areas, Gemeinden/parishes)
Charlemagne founded the episcopat Bremen. Bremen becomes the base for christianization in northern Europe.
Residence of the archdiocese Hamburg-Bremen (archbishop Ansgar).
King Arnulf grants the market-privilege to the collegiate church.
Emperor Otto I. grants the market-privilege to the archbishop Adaldag
First economic prosperity under archbishop Adalbert
Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa confirms the first common laws
The town-bricklayer is constructed
Bremen becomes independent from the archbishops
Bremen becomes a member of the Hansa, a union of Hanseatic cities, which dominated trade in the North Sea and Baltic regions until well into the 16th century.
The first artificial seeport is errected
Bremen becomes a Freie Reichsstadt / independent town after the battle against Sweden in the 30 Years War
Start of direct trading with the USA
After the liquidation of the Holy Roman Empire, the burgomaster in office at the time Johann Smidt, ensured the independence of the Free City of Bremen in the German Alliance.
Bremen becomes a sovereign state in the German Federation at the Vienna Congress
Bremerhaven is founded at the mouth of the Weser, for it seemed that the river would be silted up.
Bremen becomes a member of the Northgerman Union
Foundation of the German Reich. Bremen becomes a federal state with the constitutionally laid down title Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.
Connection of Bremen to the German Customs Union; opening of the first free harbour
Start of the airport
Start of the Columbuskaje in Bremerhaven (railway-station at the shore)
The US occupying forces proclaimed the state of Bremen and this state continued to exist in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Rainer von Bargen
Person to turn on:
Frau Bahns, 9.00 bis 13.00 Uhr
This association supports culture and public relation of the Focke-Museum.
It sponsors scientific work and their publication.
opening: Mo-Fr 9.00-12.00 Uhr (appointments desired)
phone: 0471 - 490 96
fax: 0471 - 490 96
management: Jürgen Büssenschütt
Research fields: Migration, especially Germany and predecessor states
Other media: 300 pages newspaper-graphics, letters from emigrants (not yet cataloged)
Churches in the City of Bremen:
St. Petri-Dom (1642)
Unser Lieben Frauen (1651)
St. Martini (1665)
St. Ansgarii (1581)
St. Stephani (1639)
St. Pauli (1650)
St. Remberti (1639)
St. Michaelis (1700)
St. Johannis (1634)
Poorhouse (1760, only death records !)
French community (1689)
Catholic community (1750)
Israelitic community (1811)
Nearby parishes (incl. the churches that belong to Bremen since 1939):
There are also copies of churchbooks from churches of the nearby parishes:
Ritterhude (1663- 1852)
In 1811, one year after beeing a part of the French Kaiserreich, Bremen started registering civil records and this was maintained when the french occupation ended in 1813. In parts these records are more detailed than the churchbooks. The registers for the city and the suburbs are complete from 1811-75. Alphabetic nameregisters exist and can be used in the working rooms of the Maus e.V.
Kataster u. Vermessungsamt Bremen (land register- and surveying-office)
Via streetnames you can go online to Internet-Server of the city of Bremen and get a streetmap of that area.
Adamietz, Horst (Publisher:)
Bremer Profile (Bremer profiles)
Cyrus, Hannelore (Publisher:)
Bremer Frauen (Bremer women)
Berühmte Bremer (famous Bremen people)
Comprehensive chronicles about Bremen
Bremer Chronik von 780-1871
Bremen, Geschichte einer deutschen Stadt.(history of a german town)
Leipzig 1935, 3. Aufl. Bremen 1953
Duntze, Joh. Herm.
Geschichte der Freien Stadt Bremen (history of the free town )
4 Bde., Bremen 1845 bis 1851
Geschichte der Freien Hansestadt Bremen I-IV (history of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen I-IV)
Bremen 1975, Hamburg 1983, 1985
Heineken, Christian Abraham
Geschichte der Freien Hansestadt Bremen von der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts bis zur Franzosenzeit, bearb. von Wilhelm Lue. (history of Bremen from mid 18th century till the french occupation)
Publisher: Bremen 1983
Wahrhafte, kurtze und einfältige Beschreibung dessen, was sich von Anno 1600 bishero in der kayserlich Freyen Reichs- und Hanse-Stadt Bremen Merkwürdiges zu Kriegs- und Friedenszeiten, auch in anderen Begebenheiten zugetragen. ( true, short and naiv stories about strange things during war and peace since 1600)
Publisher: University-library Bremen
Stammtafeln / family trees
These are written by registrars of the civil office till 1933 and show names, birth-dates and birth-place, name of the parents, wife and children.
Bürgerbücher/Burgher Rolls/citizenship records
In the Burgher Rolls those people are documented who took an oath to defend the town. Other inhabitants had to have guarantors. Fotocopies exist from:
Die Altstadt-Bürgerbücher von 1289-1797
Neustadt-Bürgerbücher von 1661-1822
Vortstadt-Bürgerbücher von 1661-1738
There are registers for these books.
In the grey maps are collected family-trees, obituaries or other interesting information about families researched by members of the MAUS. They are organized alphabetically and linked by registers to other families. In 1998 there was an amount of more than 2500 maps.
(You can find all listed surnames at: Die Maus; grey maps )
This documentation was made by order of the Bremer Evangelische Kirche from Mrs. Tusnelde Forck up to her death in 1972. It is a research on pastors and ministers in the Bremen churches back to the reformation.
General Genealogical Literature
Deutsches Familienarchiv/German Family Archive
Deutsches Geschlechterbuch/German Gender Book
Germans To America
Schriften des Vereins fuer Familienforschung in Ost- und Westpreußen e.V./Literature of the Society for Familyresearch in East- and West-Prussia
Ortsfamilienbücher /family books
Personenlisten / People-listings
also many other genealogical literature.
Bremer Adressbuch / address-book
from 1794-1985 on microfiche. You also find, to what parish the person belonged.
Evaluations of historical university-matricel from Altdorf, Basel, Köln, Braunschweig, Frankfurt, Göttingen, Marburg, Strassburg and Wittenberg.
"Familiarum Bremensium Stemmata"
A famous hand-writing of the former archivar Hermann Post.
Testamentbücher / wills
Register in each book.
Lassungsbücher / landbooks
Catalogue of land-selling in the city. Generalregister from 1438-1586. From 1587-1835 registers in each book.
Collection of judgements
Protocols of former courts from 1562-1811
Schossregister / tax-registers
Listings of "Bürger" who paid or didn't pay taxes, organized in parishes, from 1668-1877.
Rechnungsbücher / accountancy-books
Von Ratskasse (Rheederbuch 1469-1812), Schütting (1605-1811) und Kämmerei (1438-1811)
Interesting for the surrounding of Bremen:
Court-protocols and financial churchbooks
for Blockland, Borgfeld, Hastedt, Walle and Wasserhorst.
The so called Mainbook/Hauptbuch von 1609
There is a lot of family-historical information for the parishes Arsten, Bederkesa, Gröpelingen, Huchting and Seehausen.
1595 - for the four Gohe (=Gaue) around Bremen
Pflugschatzregister / plough tax register
1604 - Ober- und Niedervieland, Holler- und Blockland, Werderland, Walle, Gröpelingen and Borgfeld.
Kirchliche Güter / church estates
1641 - listing of church estates in the city and surrounding.
Diaries and Travelogs
Starting in the 16th century with lots of people-listings
Lot of normal-day literature
the Mayors since 1562, Pastors since 1522, Physicians/Doctors (15th -17th century).
The " Almanach de Gotha"
User-service / information
tue, wed: 09.00 am-4 pm
thu: 09.00 am-8 pm
fr: 09.00 am-3 pm
The distribution of archive material happens only after preordering.
If you want to look at this material early at 9 am, you have to order it
the day before. That has to be done too for material that is stored in
other places, p.e. landbooks. The findbooks are often handwritten and sometimes
difficult to read.
The usage of the material has to be paid. The usage of the reading-room in the library is free.
Stadtarchiv Bremerhaven / city-archive
Archiv des Deutschen Schiffahrtsmuseums (DSM)/Archive of the German
Archiv des Fördervereins Deutsches Auswanderermuseum e.V.
(Archive of the promotion-society German Emigration Museum)
Library in the Focke Museum
Bremer Landesmuseum fuer Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte
Schwachhauser Heerstraße 240
Management: Hannelore Bade
Inquiries: mo-fr 8.30 am-4 pm. Openings only by appointment.
No user charge
research areas: navigation; history of art; arts and crafts; numismatics;
archaeology; ethnology; Bremensien/Bremen-specialities
amount: ca. 40.000
publications: working-map "school and museum"; " publications of the museum for art and culture Focke-Museum"
Appointments are necessary.
Bremer Stadtteile / municipal areas
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