Black, red, and
gold in three equal horizontal stripes are the colors of
the flag of the Federal Republic of Germany. The colors
date to the emperors of the Middle Ages. They reappeared
in the war against Napoleon when a corps of army volunteers
drawn from all the German principalities adopted black
uniforms with red braid and gold buttons.
Subsequently student organizations, dedicated to the unification
of Germany, used the colors on their banners. In the first
attempt to create a democratic and unified Germany, leaders
of the 1848 Revolution adopted the tricolor flag in the
National Assembly or Frankfurt Parliament.
The flag was not actually used until 1918 when the German
National Assembly of the democratic Weimar Republic adopted
it officially. When Hitler came to power in 1933 he abolished
the tri-color flag.
In 1950, it was reintroduced by the German Parliament as
the official flag of the Federal Republic of Germany.